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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Muscle Coordination Contributes To Function After Stroke; Proprioception Contributes To Control Of Posture, Movement, Maria Bengtson Oct 2017

Muscle Coordination Contributes To Function After Stroke; Proprioception Contributes To Control Of Posture, Movement, Maria Bengtson

Dissertations (1934 -)

More than half of stroke survivors experience persistent upper extremity motor impairments that can negatively impact quality of life and independence. Effective use of the upper extremity requires coordination of agonist/antagonist muscle pairs, as well as coordination of multiple control actions for stabilizing and moving the arm. In this dissertation, I present three studies in which I recorded isometric torque production, single joint movement and stabilization, and clinical measures of function and impairments after stroke to evaluate the extent to which changes in coordination of agonist/antagonist muscles and of sequential control actions contribute to deficits after stroke. In ...


Learning Redundant Motor Tasks With And Without Overlapping Dimensions: Facilitation And Interference Effects, Rajiv Ranganathan, Jon A. Wieser, Kristine M. Mosier, Ferdinando A. Mussa-Ivaldi, Robert A. Scheidt Jun 2014

Learning Redundant Motor Tasks With And Without Overlapping Dimensions: Facilitation And Interference Effects, Rajiv Ranganathan, Jon A. Wieser, Kristine M. Mosier, Ferdinando A. Mussa-Ivaldi, Robert A. Scheidt

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Prior learning of a motor skill creates motor memories that can facilitate or interfere with learning of new, but related, motor skills. One hypothesis of motor learning posits that for a sensorimotor task with redundant degrees of freedom, the nervous system learns the geometric structure of the task and improves performance by selectively operating within that task space. We tested this hypothesis by examining if transfer of learning between two tasks depends on shared dimensionality between their respective task spaces. Human participants wore a data glove and learned to manipulate a computer cursor by moving their fingers. Separate groups of ...


Brief Report: Visuo-Spatial Guidance Of Movement During Gesture Imitation And Mirror Drawing In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Nicole M.G. Salowitz, Petra Eccarius, Audrey Meyer Carson, Kirsten A. Schohl, Sheryl Jayne Stevens, Amy Vaughan Van Hecke, Robert A. Scheidt Apr 2013

Brief Report: Visuo-Spatial Guidance Of Movement During Gesture Imitation And Mirror Drawing In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Nicole M.G. Salowitz, Petra Eccarius, Audrey Meyer Carson, Kirsten A. Schohl, Sheryl Jayne Stevens, Amy Vaughan Van Hecke, Robert A. Scheidt

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Thirteen autistic and 14 typically developing children (controls) imitated hand/arm gestures and performed mirror drawing; both tasks assessed ability to reorganize the relationship between spatial goals and the motor commands needed to acquire them. During imitation, children with autism were less accurate than controls in replicating hand shape, hand orientation, and number of constituent limb movements. During shape tracing, children with autism performed accurately with direct visual feedback, but when viewing their hand in a mirror, some children with autism generated fewer errors than controls whereas others performed much worse. Large mirror drawing errors correlated with hand orientation and ...


Mechanisms Of Sensorimotor Impairment In Multiple Sclerosis, Matthew Cheeming Chua Jan 2013

Mechanisms Of Sensorimotor Impairment In Multiple Sclerosis, Matthew Cheeming Chua

Dissertations (1934 -)

Sensorimotor impairments in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) might alter coordination and balance strategy during functional movements. People with MS often have symptoms such as weakness and discoordination in the lower limbs, resulting in poor walking and balance function. This decrease in function can result in falls, decreased community activity, unemployment, and reduced quality of life. As MS is a progressive disease resulting in a range of dysfunction, the amount of lower limb impairment can cause changes to walking and balance strategies to maintain functional performance. The overall objective of this dissertation was to quantify the impairment at the hip ...