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Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Integrative Computational Modeling For Developing Means To Manipulate Biological Cells And For Solving Complex Engineering Problems, Yu Zhao, Guigen Zhang Oct 2017

Integrative Computational Modeling For Developing Means To Manipulate Biological Cells And For Solving Complex Engineering Problems, Yu Zhao, Guigen Zhang

Commonwealth Computational Summit

A brief discussion on reductive vs integrative investigation

A case study: how integrative computational modeling helps advance the understanding and application of dielectrophoresis (DEP) in various situations

Other applications in advancing the design and development of nanopore, medical devices, novel materials, actuation devices, and coupled spectroscopic techniques, etc.


Integrative Computational Modeling For Developing Means To Manipulate Biological Cells And For Solving Complex Engineering Problems, Yu Zhao, Guigen Zhang Oct 2017

Integrative Computational Modeling For Developing Means To Manipulate Biological Cells And For Solving Complex Engineering Problems, Yu Zhao, Guigen Zhang

Commonwealth Computational Summit

Computational modeling has become more widely used to guide the design of microfluidic devices for manipulating cells using Dielectrophoresis (DEP), and devise novel means for advancing the study of cellular science and engineering. Conventionally, cells are treated as volumeless points in the system, which allows study of the movement of groups of particles under the effect of field. However, this approach often neglects the distortion effect of particle on external field, as well as interactions among particles. Moreover, it ignores the complex inner structures of cell, which are the causes of distinctive cell behavior. To more accurately model the behavior ...


Parallelization Of A Three-Dimensional Full Multigrid Algorithm To Simulate Tumor Growth, Dylan Goodin, Chin F. Ng, Hermann B. Frieboes Oct 2017

Parallelization Of A Three-Dimensional Full Multigrid Algorithm To Simulate Tumor Growth, Dylan Goodin, Chin F. Ng, Hermann B. Frieboes

Commonwealth Computational Summit

We present the performance gains of an openMP implementation of a fully adaptive nonlinear full multigrid (FMG) algorithm to simulate three-dimensional multispecies desmoplastic tumor growth on computer systems of varying processing capabilities. The FMG algorithm is applied to solve a recently published thermodynamic mixture model that uses a diffuse interface approach with fourth-order reaction-advection-diffusion PDEs (Cahn-Hilliard-type equations) that are coupled, nonlinear, and numerically stiff. The model includes multiple cell species and extracellular matrix (ECM), with adhesive and elastic energy contributions in chemical potential terms, as well as including blood and lymphatic vessels represented as continuous vasculatures. Advection-reaction-diffusion PDEs are employed ...