Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Combinatorial/High Throughput Methods For The Determination Of Polyanhydride Phase Behavior, Jon B. Thorstenson, Latrisha Kay Petersen, Balaji Narasimhan Feb 2015

Combinatorial/High Throughput Methods For The Determination Of Polyanhydride Phase Behavior, Jon B. Thorstenson, Latrisha Kay Petersen, Balaji Narasimhan

Balaji Narasimhan

Combinatorial methods have been developed to study the phase behavior of biodegradable polyanhydrides for drug delivery applications. The polyanhydrides of interest are poly[l,6-bis(p-carboxyphenoxy) hexane] (CPH) and poly[sebacic anhydride] (SA). Both continuous and discrete polymer blend libraries were fabricated by using a combination of solution-based gradient deposition and rapid prototyping. Blend compositions were characterized via a high throughput transmission Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) sampling technique and compared against theoretical mass balance predictions. To obtain phase diagrams of CPH/S A, the effect of blend composition and annealing temperature on the miscibility of the blend was studied. This ...


A Systems Approach To Designing Next Generation Vaccines: Combining α-Galactose Modified Antigens With Nanoparticle Platforms, Yashdeep Phanse, Brenda Rocio Carrillo-Conde, Amanda Ellen Ramer-Tait, Scott Broderick, Chang Sun Kong, Krishna Rajan, Ramon Flick, Robert B. Mandell, Balaji Narasimhan, Michael J. Wannemuehler Jan 2014

A Systems Approach To Designing Next Generation Vaccines: Combining α-Galactose Modified Antigens With Nanoparticle Platforms, Yashdeep Phanse, Brenda Rocio Carrillo-Conde, Amanda Ellen Ramer-Tait, Scott Broderick, Chang Sun Kong, Krishna Rajan, Ramon Flick, Robert B. Mandell, Balaji Narasimhan, Michael J. Wannemuehler

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Innovative vaccine platforms are needed to develop effective countermeasures against emerging and re-emerging diseases. These platforms should direct antigen internalization by antigen presenting cells and promote immunogenic responses. This work describes an innovative systems approach combining two novel platforms, αGalactose (αGal)-modification of antigens and amphiphilic polyanhydride nanoparticles as vaccine delivery vehicles, to rationally design vaccine formulations. Regimens comprising soluble αGal-modified antigen and nanoparticle-encapsulated unmodified antigen induced a high titer, high avidity antibody response with broader epitope recognition of antigenic peptides than other regimen. Proliferation of antigen-specific CD4 + T cells was also enhanced compared to a traditional ...


Design Of A Protective Single-Dose Intranasal Nanoparticle-Based Vaccine Platform For Respiratory Infectious Diseases, Bret Daniel Ulery, Devender Kumar, Amanda Ellen Ramer-Tait, Dennis W. Metzger, Michael J. Wannemuehler, Balaji Narasimhan Jan 2011

Design Of A Protective Single-Dose Intranasal Nanoparticle-Based Vaccine Platform For Respiratory Infectious Diseases, Bret Daniel Ulery, Devender Kumar, Amanda Ellen Ramer-Tait, Dennis W. Metzger, Michael J. Wannemuehler, Balaji Narasimhan

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Despite the successes provided by vaccination, many challenges still exist with respect to controlling new and re-emerging infectious diseases. Innovative vaccine platforms composed of adaptable adjuvants able to appropriately modulate immune responses, induce long-lived immunity in a single dose, and deliver immunogens in a safe and stable manner via multiple routes of administration are needed. This work describes the development of a novel biodegradable polyanhydride nanoparticle-based vaccine platform administered as a single intranasal dose that induced long-lived protective immunity against respiratory disease caused by Yesinia pestis, the causative agent of pneumonic plague. Relative to the responses induced by the recombinant ...


Rational Design Of Pathogen-Mimicking Amphiphilic Materials As Nanoadjuvants, Bret Daniel Ulery, Latrisha K. Petersen, Yashdeep Phanse, Chang Sun Kong, Scott Broderick, Devender Kumar, Amanda Ellen Ramer-Tait, Brenda Rocio Carrillo-Conde, Krishna Rajan, Michael J. Wannemuehler, Bryan H. Bellaire, Dennis W. Metzger, Balaji Narasimhan Jan 2011

Rational Design Of Pathogen-Mimicking Amphiphilic Materials As Nanoadjuvants, Bret Daniel Ulery, Latrisha K. Petersen, Yashdeep Phanse, Chang Sun Kong, Scott Broderick, Devender Kumar, Amanda Ellen Ramer-Tait, Brenda Rocio Carrillo-Conde, Krishna Rajan, Michael J. Wannemuehler, Bryan H. Bellaire, Dennis W. Metzger, Balaji Narasimhan

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

An opportunity exists today for cross-cutting research utilizing advances in materials science, immunology, microbial pathogenesis, and computational analysis to effectively design the next generation of adjuvants and vaccines. This study integrates these advances into a bottom-up approach for the molecular design of nanoadjuvants capable of mimicking the immune response induced by a natural infection but without the toxic side effects. Biodegradable amphiphilic polyanhydrides possess the unique ability to mimic pathogens and pathogen associated molecular patterns with respect to persisting within and activating immune cells, respectively. The molecular properties responsible for the pathogen-mimicking abilities of these materials have been identified. The ...


Tracking Chemical Processing Pathways In Combinatorial Polymer Libraries Via Data Mining, Scott Broderick, Joseph R. Nowers, Balaji Narasimhan, Krishna Rajan Jan 2010

Tracking Chemical Processing Pathways In Combinatorial Polymer Libraries Via Data Mining, Scott Broderick, Joseph R. Nowers, Balaji Narasimhan, Krishna Rajan

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Changes in the molecular structure and composition of interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) can be used to tailor their properties. While the properties of IPNs are typically different than polymer blends, a clear understanding of the impact of changing polymerization sequence on the physical properties and the corresponding molecular bonding is needed. To address this issue, a data mining approach is used to identify the change with polymerization sequence of tensile and rheological properties of acrylate-epoxy IPNs. The experimental approach used to study the molecular structure is high throughput Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Analysis of the FTIR spectra of IPNs ...


Combinatorial/High Throughput Methods For The Determination Of Polyanhydride Phase Behavior, Jon B. Thorstenson, Latrisha Kay Petersen, Balaji Narasimhan Jan 2009

Combinatorial/High Throughput Methods For The Determination Of Polyanhydride Phase Behavior, Jon B. Thorstenson, Latrisha Kay Petersen, Balaji Narasimhan

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Combinatorial methods have been developed to study the phase behavior of biodegradable polyanhydrides for drug delivery applications. The polyanhydrides of interest are poly[l,6-bis(p-carboxyphenoxy) hexane] (CPH) and poly[sebacic anhydride] (SA). Both continuous and discrete polymer blend libraries were fabricated by using a combination of solution-based gradient deposition and rapid prototyping. Blend compositions were characterized via a high throughput transmission Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) sampling technique and compared against theoretical mass balance predictions. To obtain phase diagrams of CPH/S A, the effect of blend composition and annealing temperature on the miscibility of the blend was studied. This ...