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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Recent Approaches In Designing Bioadhesive Materials Inspired By Mussel Adhesive Protein, Pegah Kord Forooshani, Bruce P. Lee Mar 2018

Recent Approaches In Designing Bioadhesive Materials Inspired By Mussel Adhesive Protein, Pegah Kord Forooshani, Bruce P. Lee

Bruce Lee

Marine mussels secret protein-based adhesives, which enable them to anchor to various surfaces in a saline, intertidal zone. Mussel foot proteins (Mfps) contain a large abundance of a unique, catecholic amino acid, Dopa, in their protein sequences. Catechol offers robust and durable adhe-sion to various substrate surfaces and contributes to the curing of the adhesive plaques. In this article, we review the unique features and the key functionalities of Mfps, catechol chemistry, and strategies for preparing catechol-functionalized poly- mers. Specifically, we reviewed recent findings on the contributions of various features of Mfps on interfacial binding, which include coacervate formation, surface ...


Epitaxially Grown Collagen Fibrils Reveal Diversity In Contact Guidance Behavior Among Cancer Cells, Juan Wang, Joseph W. Petefish, Andrew C. Hillier, Ian C. Schneider May 2017

Epitaxially Grown Collagen Fibrils Reveal Diversity In Contact Guidance Behavior Among Cancer Cells, Juan Wang, Joseph W. Petefish, Andrew C. Hillier, Ian C. Schneider

Andrew C. Hillier

Invasion of cancer cells into the surrounding tissue is an important step during cancer progression and is driven by cell migration. Cell migration can be random, but often it is directed by various cues such as aligned fibers composed of extracellular matrix (ECM), a process called contact guidance. During contact guidance, aligned fibers bias migration along the long axis of the fibers. These aligned fibers of ECM are commonly composed of type I collagen, an abundant structural protein around tumors. In this paper, we epitaxially grew several different patterns of organized type I collagen on mica and compared the morphology ...


Novel Platform Development Using An Assembly Of Carbon Nanotube, Nanogold And Immobilized Rna Capture Element Towards Rapid, Selective Sensing Of Bacteria, Elizabeth I. Maurer, Kristen K. Comfort, Saber M. Hussain, John J. Schlager, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay Aug 2016

Novel Platform Development Using An Assembly Of Carbon Nanotube, Nanogold And Immobilized Rna Capture Element Towards Rapid, Selective Sensing Of Bacteria, Elizabeth I. Maurer, Kristen K. Comfort, Saber M. Hussain, John J. Schlager, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

This study examines the creation of a nano-featured biosensor platform designed for the rapid and selective detection of the bacterium Escherichia coli. The foundation of this sensor is carbon nanotubes decorated with gold nanoparticles that are modified with a specific, surface adherent ribonucleic acid (RNA) sequence element. The multi-step sensor assembly was accomplished by growing carbon nanotubes on a graphite substrate, the direct synthesis of gold nanoparticles on the nanotube surface, and the attachment of thiolated RNA to the bound nanoparticles. The application of the compounded nanomaterials for sensor development has the distinct advantage of retaining the electrical behavior property ...


Getting To The Root Of Bacterial Hairs: What Is “S”?, Rebecca Gaddis, Samantha O'Conner, Evan Anderson, Terri Camesano, Nancy Burnham Dec 2015

Getting To The Root Of Bacterial Hairs: What Is “S”?, Rebecca Gaddis, Samantha O'Conner, Evan Anderson, Terri Camesano, Nancy Burnham

Nancy A. Burnham

An atomic force microscope (AFM) was used to measure the steric forces of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on the biofilm-forming bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It is well known that LPS play a vital role in biofilm formation. These forces were characterized with a modified version of the Alexander and de Gennes (AdG) model for polymers, which is a function of equilibrium brush length, L, probe radius, R, temperature, T, separation distance, D, and an indefinite density variable, s. This last parameter was originally distinguished by de Gennes as the root spacing or mesh spacing depending upon the type of polymer adhesion; however since ...


Biocompatible Flavone-Based Fluorogenic Probes For Quick Wash-Free Mitochondria! Imaging In Living Cells, Bin Liu, Mickey Shah, Ge Zhang, Qin Liu, Yi Pang Sep 2015

Biocompatible Flavone-Based Fluorogenic Probes For Quick Wash-Free Mitochondria! Imaging In Living Cells, Bin Liu, Mickey Shah, Ge Zhang, Qin Liu, Yi Pang

Yi Pang

Mitochondria, vital organelles existing in almost all eukaryotic cells, play a crucial role in energy metabolism and apoptosis of aerobic organisms. In this work, we report two new flavone-based fluorescent probes, MC-Mito1 and MC-Mito2, for monitoring mitochondria in living cells. These two probes exhibit remarkably low toxicity, good cell permeability, and high specificity; these probes complement the existing library of mitochondrial imaging agents. The new dyes give nearly no background fluorescence, and their application does not require tedious postwashing after cell staining. The appreciable tolerance of MC-Mito2 encourages a broader range of biological applications for understanding the cell degeneration and ...


Biocompatible Flavone-Based Fluorogenic Probes For Quick Wash-Free Mitochondria! Imaging In Living Cells, Bin Liu, Mickey Shah, Ge Zhang, Qin Liu, Yi Pang Sep 2015

Biocompatible Flavone-Based Fluorogenic Probes For Quick Wash-Free Mitochondria! Imaging In Living Cells, Bin Liu, Mickey Shah, Ge Zhang, Qin Liu, Yi Pang

Ge Zhang

Mitochondria, vital organelles existing in almost all eukaryotic cells, play a crucial role in energy metabolism and apoptosis of aerobic organisms. In this work, we report two new flavone-based fluorescent probes, MC-Mito1 and MC-Mito2, for monitoring mitochondria in living cells. These two probes exhibit remarkably low toxicity, good cell permeability, and high specificity; these probes complement the existing library of mitochondrial imaging agents. The new dyes give nearly no background fluorescence, and their application does not require tedious postwashing after cell staining. The appreciable tolerance of MC-Mito2 encourages a broader range of biological applications for understanding the cell degeneration and ...


De Novo Design Of Self-Assembled Hexapeptides As Β-Amyloid (Aβ) Peptide Inhibitors, Jie Zheng, Ge Zhang, Mingzhen Zhang, Qiuming Wang, Guizhao Liang, Mingzhen Zhang, Jun Zhao, Kunal Patel, Xiang Yu, Chao Zhao, Binrong Ding, Feimeng Zhou Sep 2015

De Novo Design Of Self-Assembled Hexapeptides As Β-Amyloid (Aβ) Peptide Inhibitors, Jie Zheng, Ge Zhang, Mingzhen Zhang, Qiuming Wang, Guizhao Liang, Mingzhen Zhang, Jun Zhao, Kunal Patel, Xiang Yu, Chao Zhao, Binrong Ding, Feimeng Zhou

Ge Zhang

The ability of peptides to construct specific secondary structures provides a useful function for biomaterial design that cannot be achieved with traditional organic molecules and polymers. Inhibition of amyloid formation is a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Existing peptide-based inhibitors are mainly derived from original amyloid sequences, which have very limited sequence diversity and activity. It is highly desirable to explore other peptide-based inhibitors that are not directly derived from amyloid sequences. Here, we develop a hybrid high-throughput computational method to efficiently screen and design hexapeptide inhibitors against amyloid-β (Aβ) aggregation and toxicity from the first ...


3d Scaffolds In Tissue Engineering And Regenerative Medicine: Beyond Structural Templates?, Tierney Deluzio, Dawit Seifu, Kibret Mequanint Aug 2015

3d Scaffolds In Tissue Engineering And Regenerative Medicine: Beyond Structural Templates?, Tierney Deluzio, Dawit Seifu, Kibret Mequanint

Tierney GB Deluzio

The objective of this article is to systematically present the emerging understanding that 3D porous scaffolds serve not only as structural templates for tissue fabrication but also provide complex signaling cues to cells and facilitate oxygen and therapeutic agent delivery. Strategies in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine often rely on 3D scaffolds to mimic the natural extracellular matrix as structural templates that support cell adhesion, migration, differentiation and proliferation, and provide guidance for neo-tissue formation. In addition to providing a temporary support for tissue fabrication, 3D scaffolds have also been used to study cell signaling that best ...


3d Scaffolds In Tissue Engineering And Regenerative Medicine: Beyond Structural Templates?, Tierney Deluzio, Dawit Seifu, Kibret Mequanint Aug 2015

3d Scaffolds In Tissue Engineering And Regenerative Medicine: Beyond Structural Templates?, Tierney Deluzio, Dawit Seifu, Kibret Mequanint

Tierney GB Deluzio

The objective of this article is to systematically present the emerging understanding that 3D porous scaffolds serve not only as structural templates for tissue fabrication but also provide complex signaling cues to cells and facilitate oxygen and therapeutic agent delivery. Strategies in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine often rely on 3D scaffolds to mimic the natural extracellular matrix as structural templates that support cell adhesion, migration, differentiation and proliferation, and provide guidance for neo-tissue formation. In addition to providing a temporary support for tissue fabrication, 3D scaffolds have also been used to study cell signaling that best ...


Three-Dimensional Confocal Microscopy Indentation Method For Hydrogel Elasticity Measurement, Donghee Lee, Md Mahmudur Rahman, You Zhou, Sangjin Ryu Aug 2015

Three-Dimensional Confocal Microscopy Indentation Method For Hydrogel Elasticity Measurement, Donghee Lee, Md Mahmudur Rahman, You Zhou, Sangjin Ryu

Md Mahmudur Rahman

No abstract provided.


Continuous-Time Block-Oriented Adaptive On-Line Modeling For Time Varying Systems, Derrick K. Rollins Sr., Stephanie Loveland Apr 2015

Continuous-Time Block-Oriented Adaptive On-Line Modeling For Time Varying Systems, Derrick K. Rollins Sr., Stephanie Loveland

Stephanie D Loveland

The development and maintenance of accurate predictive models for dynamic systems are highly challenged by system complexity, limited information (i.e., data), changing cross and time correlation structures and changing model parameters. Thus, for a model or modeling method to achieve long term success in implementation into a real system, it must be phenomenologically sound and adaptive, as well as being capable of immediate update from recently obtained process data (i.e., plant data). A model is phenomenologically sound when its structure accurately captures physical input and output relationships, and the stochastic behavior of process and measurement noise. On-line adaptive ...


Integrating Top-Down And Bottom-Up Scaffolding Tissue Engineering Approach For Bone Regeneration, M. Ramalingam, Esmaiel Jabbari, S. Ramakrishna, A. Khademhosseini Mar 2015

Integrating Top-Down And Bottom-Up Scaffolding Tissue Engineering Approach For Bone Regeneration, M. Ramalingam, Esmaiel Jabbari, S. Ramakrishna, A. Khademhosseini

Esmaiel Jabbari

No abstract provided.


Bioinspired Nanomaterials For Bone Regeneration, Esmaiel Jabbari Mar 2015

Bioinspired Nanomaterials For Bone Regeneration, Esmaiel Jabbari

Esmaiel Jabbari

No abstract provided.


Nanoparticles For Stem-Cell Engineering, Esmaiel Jabbari Mar 2015

Nanoparticles For Stem-Cell Engineering, Esmaiel Jabbari

Esmaiel Jabbari

No abstract provided.


Production Of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural From Glucose Using A Combination Of Lewis And Brønsted Acid Catalysts In Water In A Biphasic Reactor With An Alkylphenol Solvent, Yomaira J. Pagan-Torres, Tianfu Wang, Jean Marcel R. Gallo, Brent H. Shanks, James A. Dumesic Mar 2015

Production Of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural From Glucose Using A Combination Of Lewis And Brønsted Acid Catalysts In Water In A Biphasic Reactor With An Alkylphenol Solvent, Yomaira J. Pagan-Torres, Tianfu Wang, Jean Marcel R. Gallo, Brent H. Shanks, James A. Dumesic

Brent H. Shanks

We report the catalytic conversion of glucose in high yields (62%) to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), a versatile platform chemical. The reaction system consists of a Lewis acid metal chloride (e.g., AlCl 3) and a Bronsted acid (HCl) in a biphasic reactor consisting of water and an alkylphenol compound (2-sec-butylphenol) as the organic phase. The conversion of glucose in the presence of Lewis and Bronsted acidity proceeds through a tandem pathway involving isomerization of glucose to fructose, followed by dehydration of fructose to HMF. The organic phase extracts 97% of the HMF produced, while both acid catalysts remain in the aqueous ...


Steam Reforming Of Bio-Oil Fractions: Effect Of Composition And Stability, Pedro J, Ortiz-Toral, Justinus A. Satrio, Robert C. Brown, Brent H. Shanks Mar 2015

Steam Reforming Of Bio-Oil Fractions: Effect Of Composition And Stability, Pedro J, Ortiz-Toral, Justinus A. Satrio, Robert C. Brown, Brent H. Shanks

Brent H. Shanks

The efficacy of steam reforming of the aqueous species in bio-oils produced from the fast pyrolysis of biomass is examined. A fractionating condenser system was used to collect a set of fractions of fast pyrolysis liquids with different chemical characteristics. The water-soluble components from the different fractions were steam-reformed using a nickel-based commercial catalyst in a fixed-bed reactor system. When reforming at 500 °C, an overall positive effect in hydrogen yields was observed for the fractions with higher concentrations of lower molecular-weight oxygenates, such as acetic acid and acetol, while the heavier compounds, such as the carbohydrates, showed an ...


Hypoglycemia Early Alarm Systems Based On Multivariable Models, Kamuran Turksoy, Elif S. Bayrak, Lauretta Quinn, Elizabeth Littlejohn, Derrick K. Rollins Sr., Ali Cinar Feb 2015

Hypoglycemia Early Alarm Systems Based On Multivariable Models, Kamuran Turksoy, Elif S. Bayrak, Lauretta Quinn, Elizabeth Littlejohn, Derrick K. Rollins Sr., Ali Cinar

Derrick K Rollins, Sr.

Hypoglycemia is a major challenge of artificial pancreas systems and a source of concern for potential users and parents of young children with Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Early alarms to warn of the potential of hypoglycemia are essential and should provide enough time to take action to avoid hypoglycemia. Many alarm systems proposed in the literature are based on interpretation of recent trends in glucose values. In the present study, subject-specific recursive linear time series models are introduced as a better alternative to capture glucose variations and predict future blood glucose concentrations. These models are then used in hypoglycemia early ...


Combinatorial/High Throughput Methods For The Determination Of Polyanhydride Phase Behavior, Jon B. Thorstenson, Latrisha Kay Petersen, Balaji Narasimhan Feb 2015

Combinatorial/High Throughput Methods For The Determination Of Polyanhydride Phase Behavior, Jon B. Thorstenson, Latrisha Kay Petersen, Balaji Narasimhan

Balaji Narasimhan

Combinatorial methods have been developed to study the phase behavior of biodegradable polyanhydrides for drug delivery applications. The polyanhydrides of interest are poly[l,6-bis(p-carboxyphenoxy) hexane] (CPH) and poly[sebacic anhydride] (SA). Both continuous and discrete polymer blend libraries were fabricated by using a combination of solution-based gradient deposition and rapid prototyping. Blend compositions were characterized via a high throughput transmission Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) sampling technique and compared against theoretical mass balance predictions. To obtain phase diagrams of CPH/S A, the effect of blend composition and annealing temperature on the miscibility of the blend was studied. This ...


Angle-Tunable Enhanced Infrared Reflection Absorption Spectroscopy Via Grating-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance, Joseph W. Petefish, Andrew C. Hillier Jun 2014

Angle-Tunable Enhanced Infrared Reflection Absorption Spectroscopy Via Grating-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance, Joseph W. Petefish, Andrew C. Hillier

Andrew C. Hillier

Surface enhanced infrared absorption (SEIRA) spectroscopy is an attractive method for increasing the prominence of vibrational modes in infrared spectroscopy. To date, the majority of reports associated with SEIRA utilize localized surface plasmon resonance from metal nanoparticles to enhance electromagnetic fields in the region of analytes. Limited work has been performed using propagating surface plasmons as a method for SEIRA excitation. In this report, we demonstrate angle-tunable enhancement of vibrational stretching modes associated with a thin poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) film that is coupled to a silver-coated diffraction grating. Gratings are fabricated using laser interference lithography to achieve precise surface ...


Electrochemically Modulated Permeability Of Poly(Aniline) And Composite Poly(Aniline)−Poly(Styrenesulfonate) Membranes, D. L. Pile, Y. Zhang, Andrew C. Hillier Jun 2014

Electrochemically Modulated Permeability Of Poly(Aniline) And Composite Poly(Aniline)−Poly(Styrenesulfonate) Membranes, D. L. Pile, Y. Zhang, Andrew C. Hillier

Andrew C. Hillier

The influence of oxidation state on the permeability of several probe molecules through conducting polymer membranes comprising composites of poly(aniline) and poly(styrenesulfonate) was examined in aqueous solution. Pure poly(aniline) membranes displayed a characteristic increase in permeability between reduced and half-oxidized states for neutrally charged phenol and negatively charged 4-hydroxybenzenesulfonate. In contrast, positively charged pyridine experienced decreased permeability through the membrane when poly(aniline) was switched from the reduced to the half-oxidized state. This behavior can be explained by a combination of oxidation-induced film swelling and the anion-exchange character of the positively charged membrane. The membrane composition was ...


Scanning Electrochemical Mapping Of Spatially Localized Electrochemical Reactions Induced By Surface Potential Gradients, Shrisudersan Jayaraman, Erin L. May, Andrew C. Hillier Jun 2014

Scanning Electrochemical Mapping Of Spatially Localized Electrochemical Reactions Induced By Surface Potential Gradients, Shrisudersan Jayaraman, Erin L. May, Andrew C. Hillier

Andrew C. Hillier

The influence of a surface potential gradient on the location and extent of electrochemical reactions was examined using a scanning electrochemical microscope. A linear potential gradient was imposed on the surface of a platinum-coated indium tin oxide electrode by applying two different potential values at the edges of the electrode. The applied potentials were used to control the location and extent of several electrochemical reactions, including the oxidation of Ru(NH3)62+, the oxidation of H2, and the oxidation of H2 in the presence of adsorbed CO. Scanning electrochemical mapping of these reactions was achieved by probing the feedback current ...


Organic Materials And Organic/Inorganic Heterostructures In Atom Probe Tomography, Derk Joester, Andrew C. Hillier, Yi Zhang, Ty J. Prosa Jun 2014

Organic Materials And Organic/Inorganic Heterostructures In Atom Probe Tomography, Derk Joester, Andrew C. Hillier, Yi Zhang, Ty J. Prosa

Andrew C. Hillier

Nano-scale organic/inorganic interfaces are key to a wide range of materials. In many biominerals, for instance bone or teeth, outstanding fracture toughness and wear resistance can be attributed to buried organic/inorganic interfaces. Organic/inorganic interfaces at very small length scales are becoming increasingly important also in nano and electronic materials. For example, functionalized inorganic nanomaterials have great potential in biomedicine or sensing applications. Thin organic films are used to increase the conductivity of LiFePO4 electrodes in lithium ion batteries, and solid electrode interphases (SEI) form by uncontrolled electrolyte decomposition. Organics play a key role in dye-sensitized solar cells ...


Resonance Quenching And Guided Modes Arising From The Coupling Of Surface Plasmons With A Molecular Resonance, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Joseph W. Petefish, Andrew C. Hillier Jun 2014

Resonance Quenching And Guided Modes Arising From The Coupling Of Surface Plasmons With A Molecular Resonance, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Joseph W. Petefish, Andrew C. Hillier

Andrew C. Hillier

In this paper, we describe experimental and modeling results that illucidate the nature of coupling between surface plasmon polaritons in a thin silver film with the molecular resonance of a zinc phthalocyanine dye film. This coupling leads to several phenomena not generally observed when plasmons are coupled to transparent materials. The increased absorption coefficient near a molecular resonance leads to a discontinuity in the refractive index, which causes branching of the plasmon resonance condition and the appearance of two peaks in the p-polarized reflectance spectrum. A gap exists between these peaks in the region of the spectrum associated with the ...


Three-Dimensional Atom Probe Tomography Of Oxide, Anion, And Alkanethiolate Coatings On Gold, Yi Zhang, Andrew C. Hillier Jun 2014

Three-Dimensional Atom Probe Tomography Of Oxide, Anion, And Alkanethiolate Coatings On Gold, Yi Zhang, Andrew C. Hillier

Andrew C. Hillier

We have used three-dimensional atom probe tomography to analyze several nanometer-thick and monomolecular films on gold surfaces. High-purity gold wire was etched by electropolishing to create a sharp tip suitable for field evaporation with a radius of curvature of layer, primarily consisting of water and atmospheric gases, was observed on a fresh tip. This sample exhibited crystalline lattice spacings consistent with the interlayer spacing of {200} lattice planes of bulk gold. A thin oxide layer was created on the gold surface via plasma oxidation, and the thickness and composition of this layer was measured. Clear evidence of a nanometer-thick oxide ...


Wavelength Tunable Surface Plasmon Resonance-Enhanced Optical Transmission Through A Chirped Diffraction Grating, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Justin Kleingartner, Andrew C. Hillier Jun 2014

Wavelength Tunable Surface Plasmon Resonance-Enhanced Optical Transmission Through A Chirped Diffraction Grating, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Justin Kleingartner, Andrew C. Hillier

Andrew C. Hillier

We report the construction and testing of a chirped diffraction grating, which serves as a substrate for surface plasmon-enhanced optical transmission. This grating possesses a spatial variation in both pitch and amplitude along its surface. It was created by plasma oxidation of a curved poly(dimethoxysilane) sheet, which resulted in nonuniform buckling along the polymer surface. A gold-coated replica of this surface elicited an optical response that consisted of a series of narrow, enhanced transmission peaks spread over the visible spectrum. The location and magnitude of these transmission peaks varied along the surface of the grating and coincided with conditions ...


High Rate Detection Of Volatile Products Using Differential Electrochemical Mass Spectrometry: Combining An Electrode-Coated Membrane With Hydrodynamic Flow In A Wall-Tube Configuration, Subramanian Venkatachalam, Robert J. Angelici, L. Keith Woo, Andrew C. Hillier Jun 2014

High Rate Detection Of Volatile Products Using Differential Electrochemical Mass Spectrometry: Combining An Electrode-Coated Membrane With Hydrodynamic Flow In A Wall-Tube Configuration, Subramanian Venkatachalam, Robert J. Angelici, L. Keith Woo, Andrew C. Hillier

Andrew C. Hillier

We present an experimental system that combines differential electrochemical mass spectrometry with hydrodynamic flow consisting of an impinging jet in a wall-tube configuration. This assembly allows simultaneous detection of electrochemical signals along with monitoring of dissolved gas species using differential electrochemical mass spectrometry under well-defined hydrodynamic conditions and over a wide range of mass transfer rates. The working electrode is deposited directly onto a thin, hydrophobic membrane, which also serves as the inlet to the mass spectrometer. This inlet provides extremely rapid mass detection as well as a high flux of products from the electrode surface into the mass spectrometer ...


Diffraction-Based Tracking Of Surface Plasmon Resonance Enhanced Transmission Through A Gold-Coated Grating, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Joseph W. Petefish, Andrew C. Hillier Jun 2014

Diffraction-Based Tracking Of Surface Plasmon Resonance Enhanced Transmission Through A Gold-Coated Grating, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Joseph W. Petefish, Andrew C. Hillier

Andrew C. Hillier

Surface plasmon resonance enhanced transmission through metal-coated nanostructures represents a highly sensitive yet simple method for quantitative measurement of surface processes and is particularly useful in the development of thin film and adsorption sensors. Diffraction-induced surface plasmon excitation can produce enhanced transmission at select regions of the visible spectrum, and wavelength shifts associated with these transmission peaks can be used to track adsorption processes and film formation. In this report, we describe a simple optical microscope-based method for monitoring the first-order diffracted peaks associated with enhanced transmission through a gold-coated diffraction grating. A Bertrand lens is used to focus the ...


Use Of Dispersion Imaging For Grating-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensing Of Multilayer Langmuir–Blodgett Films, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Andrew C. Hillier Jun 2014

Use Of Dispersion Imaging For Grating-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensing Of Multilayer Langmuir–Blodgett Films, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Andrew C. Hillier

Andrew C. Hillier

We report grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance measurements involving the use of dispersion images to interpret the optical response of a metal-coated grating. Optical transmission through a grating coated with a thin, gold film exhibits features characteristic of the excitation of surface plasmon resonance due to coupling with the nanostructured grating surface. Evidence of numerous surface plasmon modes associated with coupling at both front (gold/air) and back (gold/substrate) grating interfaces is observed. The influence of wavelength and angle of incidence on plasmon coupling can be readily characterized via dispersion images, and the associated image features can be indexed to ...


Combined Electrochemical Surface Plasmon Resonance For Angle Spread Imaging Of Multielement Electrode Arrays, Andrew C. Hillier, Chang Hoon Choi Jun 2014

Combined Electrochemical Surface Plasmon Resonance For Angle Spread Imaging Of Multielement Electrode Arrays, Andrew C. Hillier, Chang Hoon Choi

Andrew C. Hillier

A surface plasmon resonance imaging system combined with a multielement electrode array is described. An optical system with shaping optics is used to direct a wedge of light onto a gold-coated sample. The reflected light is detected in the form of an angle-spread image of the surface, with one direction denoting a variable incident angle and the other showing a span of locations along one lateral direction of the sample surface. At the proper incident angle, the angle-spread image shows the complete surface plasmon resonance curve over a span of locations on the surface. This imaging system is combined with ...


Surface Plasmon Resonance Enhanced Transmission Of Light Through Gold-Coated Diffraction Gratings, Bipin K. Singh, Andrew C. Hillier Jun 2014

Surface Plasmon Resonance Enhanced Transmission Of Light Through Gold-Coated Diffraction Gratings, Bipin K. Singh, Andrew C. Hillier

Andrew C. Hillier

Narrow peaks are observed in the transmission spectra of p-polarized light passing through a thin gold film that is coated on the surface of a transparent diffraction grating. The spectral position and intensity of these peaks can be tuned over a wide range of wavelengths by simple rotation of the grating. The wavelengths where these transmission peaks are observed correspond to conditions where surface plasmon resonance occurs at the gold−air interface. Light diffracted by the grating couples with surface plasmons in the metal film to satisfy the resonant condition, resulting in enhanced light transmission through the film. Notably, this ...