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Automotive Engineering Commons

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2018

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Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Automotive Engineering

Advances In Automotive Conversion Coatings During Pretreatment Of The Body Structure: A Review, Mark Doerre, Larry Hibbitts, Gabriela Patrick, Nelson K. Akafuah Nov 2018

Advances In Automotive Conversion Coatings During Pretreatment Of The Body Structure: A Review, Mark Doerre, Larry Hibbitts, Gabriela Patrick, Nelson K. Akafuah

Institute of Research for Technology Development Faculty Publications

Automotive conversion coatings consist of layers of materials that are chemically applied to the body structures of vehicles before painting to improve corrosion protection and paint adhesion. These coatings are a consequence of surface-based chemical reactions and are sandwiched between paint layers and the base metal; the chemical reactions involved distinctly classify conversion coatings from other coating technologies. Although the tri-cationic conversion coating bath chemistry that was developed around the end of the 20th century remains persistent, environmental, health, and cost issues favor a new generation of greener methods and materials such as zirconium. Environmental forces driving lightweight material selection ...


Dscr Based Sensor-Pooling Protocol For Connected Vehicles In Future Smart Cities, Mostafa El-Said, Samah Mansour, Vijay Bhuse Nov 2018

Dscr Based Sensor-Pooling Protocol For Connected Vehicles In Future Smart Cities, Mostafa El-Said, Samah Mansour, Vijay Bhuse

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Smart cities are racing to create a more connected Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) that rely on collecting data from every possible sensor such as a smart utility meter or a smart parking meter. The use of more sensors resulted in generating a lot of information that maps the smart city environment conditions to more real time data points that needed to be shared and analyzed among smart city nodes. One possibility, to carry and share the collected data, is in autonomous vehicles systems, which use the Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) technology. For example, in a Car-to-Parking-Meter or a Vehicle-to-Vehicle ...


Does Length Of Ride, Gender Or Nationality Affect Willingness To Ride In A Driverless Ambulance?, Stephen Rice, Scott R. Winter, Rian Mehta, Joseph R. Keebler, Bradley S. Baugh, Emily C. Anania, Mattie N. Milner Oct 2018

Does Length Of Ride, Gender Or Nationality Affect Willingness To Ride In A Driverless Ambulance?, Stephen Rice, Scott R. Winter, Rian Mehta, Joseph R. Keebler, Bradley S. Baugh, Emily C. Anania, Mattie N. Milner

Publications

Due to the frequent lack of ambulances and personnel, the purpose of this study was to examine consumers’ willingness-to-ride in an ambulance that was either driven by a human driver or completely automated (with no human driver) based on the gender of the participant and their nationality, either Indian or American. A two-study experimental design was utilized using over 1,000 participants. In Study 1, the length of the ride and the type of driver were manipulated while in Study 2, the length of the ride was manipulated across genders and nationality. Study 2 also collected affect measures to complete ...


Distribution Of Knock Frewquencies In Modern Engines Compared To Historical Data, Vikram Mittal Sep 2018

Distribution Of Knock Frewquencies In Modern Engines Compared To Historical Data, Vikram Mittal

West Point Research Papers

It is widely known that the rapid autoignition of end-gas will cause an engine cylinder to resonate, creating a knocking sound. These effects were quantified for a simple engine geometry in 1934 in a study where critical resonance frequencies were identified. That analysis, performed by Charles Draper, still forms the basis of most knock studies. However, the resonance frequencies are highly dependent on the engine geometry and the conditions inside the cylinder at autoignition. Since, engines and fuels operate at substantially different conditions than they did in 1934, it is expected that there should be a shift in knock frequencies ...


Design Parameters For Small Engines Based On Market Research, Vikram Mittal Sep 2018

Design Parameters For Small Engines Based On Market Research, Vikram Mittal

West Point Research Papers

Small internal combustion engines outperform batteries and fuel cells in regards to weight for a range of applications, including consumer products, marine vehicles, small manned ground vehicles, unmanned vehicles, and generators. The power ranges for these applications are typically between 1 kW and 10 kW. There are numerous technical challenges associated with engines producing power in this range resulting in low power density and high specific fuel consumption. As such, there is a large range of engine design solutions that are commercially available in this power range to overcome these technical challenges. A market survey was conducted of commercially available ...


Development Of Iowa Dot Combination Bridge Separation Barrier With Bicycle Railing, Chaz M. Ginger Aug 2018

Development Of Iowa Dot Combination Bridge Separation Barrier With Bicycle Railing, Chaz M. Ginger

Engineering Mechanics Dissertations & Theses

The Iowa Department of Transportation typically builds separation barriers between vehicle and pedestrian/bicycle facilities when sidewalks or trails are present on vehicular bridges. Currently, Iowa DOT employs a combination bridge rail that utilizes a concrete parapet that previously had been successfully evaluated to National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 350 Test Level 4 (TL-4) criteria for these situations. While the parapet had been successfully evaluated, the combination bridge rail system as a whole had not been evaluated to any crash test standards. Iowa DOT desired that researchers at Midwest Roadside Safety Facility (MwRSF) design and test a combination ...


Study Of Near-Cup Droplet Breakup Of An Automative Electrostatic Rotary Bell (Esrb) Atomizer Using High-Speed Shadowgraph Imaging, Jacob E. Wilson, Stephen William Grib, Adnan Darwish Ahmad, Michael W. Renfro, Scott A. Adams, Ahmad Salaimeh May 2018

Study Of Near-Cup Droplet Breakup Of An Automative Electrostatic Rotary Bell (Esrb) Atomizer Using High-Speed Shadowgraph Imaging, Jacob E. Wilson, Stephen William Grib, Adnan Darwish Ahmad, Michael W. Renfro, Scott A. Adams, Ahmad Salaimeh

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Electrostatic Rotary bell (ESRB) atomizers are used as the dominant means of paint application by the automotive industry. They utilize the high rotational speed of a cup to induce primary atomization of a liquid along with shaping air to provide secondary atomization and transport. In order to better understand the fluid breakup mechanisms involved in this process, high-speed shadowgraph imaging was used to visualize the edge of a serrated rotary bell at speeds varying between 5000 and 12,000 RPM and with a water flow rate of 250 ccm. A multi-step image processing algorithm was developed to differentiate between ligaments ...


Design And Development Of An Emergency System For Children In A Hot Car At Risk Of Heatstroke, Nathan Kisha Jan 2018

Design And Development Of An Emergency System For Children In A Hot Car At Risk Of Heatstroke, Nathan Kisha

ROEU 2017-18

Since 1998, an average of 37 children have died every year due to heat-related deaths after being stuck in a vehicle, making it the leading cause of non-crash-related fatalities among children. This creates an opportunity to create a system which will be able to detect this danger and do something in order to prevent it. There are 4 main objectives for the system to be able to accomplish: 1) determine if the temperature in the car poses a risk, 2) use an alarm to provide a warning and wake up a sleeping child, 3) determine if someone is in the ...


Performance And Emissions Of Spark Ignited Fuels, Kerry L. Lippold Jan 2018

Performance And Emissions Of Spark Ignited Fuels, Kerry L. Lippold

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This slide presentation from the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland college defines how combustion engines work and summarizes a study conducted to identify efficient and emission reducing fuel.


Improvement Of Emissions Of Internal Combustion Engines Using Reduction In Weight, Javier Alanis Jan 2018

Improvement Of Emissions Of Internal Combustion Engines Using Reduction In Weight, Javier Alanis

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This slide presentation for the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College identifies the health hazards associated with combustion engine emissions and summarizes a study conducted to determine if an engine with reduced weight would also reduce emissions.


Vehicle-To-Barrier Communication During Real-World Vehicle Crash Tests, Samil Temel, Mehmet C. Vuran, Mohammad M.R. Lunar, Zhongyuan Zhao, Abdul Salam, Ronald K. Faller, Cody S. Stolle Jan 2018

Vehicle-To-Barrier Communication During Real-World Vehicle Crash Tests, Samil Temel, Mehmet C. Vuran, Mohammad M.R. Lunar, Zhongyuan Zhao, Abdul Salam, Ronald K. Faller, Cody S. Stolle

CSE Journal Articles

Vehicle-to-barrier (V2B) communication is expected to facilitate wireless interactions between vehicles and roadside barriers in next-generation intelligent transportation systems. V2B systems will help mitigate single-vehicle, run-off-road crashes, which account for more than 50% of roadside crash fatalities. In this work, the characteristics of the wireless channel prior to and during a crash are analyzed using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) techniques, which has been used in existing vehicular communication systems. More specifically, the performance of OFDM-based V2B links are measured in real-world crash tests for the first time. Three crash tests conducted at the Midwest Roadside Safety Facility, Lincoln, Nebraska ...


A Complementary Cyber-Human Systems Framework For Industry 4.0 Cyber-Physical Systems, Matthew Krugh, Laine Mears Jan 2018

A Complementary Cyber-Human Systems Framework For Industry 4.0 Cyber-Physical Systems, Matthew Krugh, Laine Mears

Publications

Humans are a vital element to automotive manufacturing; however, skilled production personnel have largely been designated as data receivers in Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) of Industry 4.0. A renewed focus on the human worker who completes significant portions of manual value-added content in automotive assembly through Cyber-Human Systems (CHS) is allowing humans to perform their jobs more safely, efficiently, and supporting enhanced control and quality monitoring of manual manufacturing tasks. There is a need for a unified complementary framework of CHS and CPS to guide the implementation of future smart manufacturing systems.


A Simplified Simulation Model To Estimate The Storage Length Of The Right-Turn Lane In Left-Hand Traffic At Signalised Intersections For Different Signal Phases And Cycle Timings, Noura Ishak-Thomas, Steven J. Richardson, Sanjay K. Shukla Jan 2018

A Simplified Simulation Model To Estimate The Storage Length Of The Right-Turn Lane In Left-Hand Traffic At Signalised Intersections For Different Signal Phases And Cycle Timings, Noura Ishak-Thomas, Steven J. Richardson, Sanjay K. Shukla

ECU Publications Post 2013

Introduction:

A large number of the current guidelines and models are used to estimate the right-turn lane (RTL) length in left-hand traffic at signalised intersections under split phase, in which the movement of traffic in the right-turn lane and through lane happen concurrently. There is a need to examine other phase types and timings as a part of the RTL design. This is particularly significant in the case of established intersections that cannot be modified due to physical constraints.

Methods:

A MATLAB based simulation programme was developed to provide an estimate of the right-turn lane storage length for different traffic ...