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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Austenitic, Duplex, And Lean Duplex Stainless Steel Critical Pitting Temperature In Simulated Concrete Environment, Bobby Giebel Jan 2022

Austenitic, Duplex, And Lean Duplex Stainless Steel Critical Pitting Temperature In Simulated Concrete Environment, Bobby Giebel

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

In this work, the critical pitting temperature (CPT) will be observed for a selection of austenitic (316LN and 24100) and duplex (2205), and lean duplex (2304, 2001) stainless steels in simulated concrete pore solution. To study the influence of temperature on the pitting stability of the stainless steels, three temperatures were tested: 25oC, 45oC, and 65oC for cyclic potentiodynamic polarization (CPP) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Electrochemical properties of the interfaces we studied via EIS analysis. Kinetics were studied via CPP testing. To reveal the critical pitting temperature of the stainless steels, cyclic thermammetry was used. Characterization of the pits ...


Effect Of Temperature And Mating Pair On Tribological Properties Of Dlc And Glc Coatings Under High Pressure Lubricated By Modtc And Zddp, Kang Liu, Jia-Jie Kang, Guang-An Zhang, Zhi-Bin Lu, Wen Yue Dec 2021

Effect Of Temperature And Mating Pair On Tribological Properties Of Dlc And Glc Coatings Under High Pressure Lubricated By Modtc And Zddp, Kang Liu, Jia-Jie Kang, Guang-An Zhang, Zhi-Bin Lu, Wen Yue

Friction

Diamond-like carbon (DLC) and graphite-like carbon (GLC) coatings have good prospects for improving the surface properties of engine parts. However, further understanding is needed on the effect of working conditions on tribological behaviors. In this study, GLC and two types of DLC coatings were deposited on GCr15 substrate for investigation. The friction and wear properties of self-mated and steel-mated pairs were evaluated. Two temperatures (25 and 90 ℃), three lubrication conditions (base oil, molybdenum dithiocarbamate (MoDTC)-containing oil, MoDTC+zinc dialkyldithiophosphate (ZDDP)-containing oil), and high Hertz contact stress (2.41 GPa) were applied in the experiments. The results showed that ...


Temperature Effect On The Mechanical Properties Of Steel Fiber Reinforced Ultra-High-Performance Concrete, Jenny Bernadette Gomes Dec 2021

Temperature Effect On The Mechanical Properties Of Steel Fiber Reinforced Ultra-High-Performance Concrete, Jenny Bernadette Gomes

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The contemporary innovation in concrete technology is ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC). In this work, mechanical properties of UHPC are studied at ambient terrestrial temperature conditions. Specimens are prepared under laboratory environments maintaining the temperature of -25°C, -5°C, 15°C, 35°C, and 55°C. A freeze thaw chamber is utilized to condition the specimens at specified temperatures. Compressive strength, flexural strength, toughness, and modulus of elasticity are determined under varying temperature and steel fiber volume content. The results indicate that both temperature and steel fibers have effect on the mechanical properties of UHPC. The flexural and compressive strength show ...


Synthesis And Polymerization Processes Of 1-Chlorine-3- Piperidine -2-Propylmethacrylate Monomer, N U. Pulatova, O S. Maksumova, Izabela Barszczewska Rybarek Sep 2021

Synthesis And Polymerization Processes Of 1-Chlorine-3- Piperidine -2-Propylmethacrylate Monomer, N U. Pulatova, O S. Maksumova, Izabela Barszczewska Rybarek

Technical science and innovation

An amino alcohol was synthesized on the basis of piperidine and epichlorohydrin. The esterification reaction of methacrylic acids with the obtained amino alcohol was studied. In order to identify optimal synthesis conditions, the influence of temperature, reaction duration and ratio of reactive reagents was investigated. The processes of obtaining unsaturated esters by esterification reactions with 1-chlorine-3-piperidine-2-propanol and acrylic-, methacrylic acids have been studied. The effect of monomer concentration on the rate of polymerization reaction and the yield of polymer formation was studied . The radical polymerization of a new monomer with a piperidine cycle in the presence of a nitrogen-containing initiator ...


Reducing The Impact Of Heavy-Weight Cars On The Deformation Of Asphalt Concrete Coatings, I.S Sodiqov, A.M Qoraboyev, F.B. Ashurov Sep 2021

Reducing The Impact Of Heavy-Weight Cars On The Deformation Of Asphalt Concrete Coatings, I.S Sodiqov, A.M Qoraboyev, F.B. Ashurov

The Scientific Journal of Vehicles and Roads

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Application Of Methods Of Intermittent Ventilation Of Industrial Premises Using A Digital Data Transmission System, Yuriy Shipulin, Abdullayev Temur, Jamolidin Usmanov, Shahnoza Ergasheva Aug 2021

Application Of Methods Of Intermittent Ventilation Of Industrial Premises Using A Digital Data Transmission System, Yuriy Shipulin, Abdullayev Temur, Jamolidin Usmanov, Shahnoza Ergasheva

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The article is devoted to topical applied issues, the application of methods of intermittent ventilation of industrial buildings using a digital data transmission system. The requirements for the parameters of the environment are determined, which include: composition, purity, temperature, air humidity, the content of positive and negative ions, the presence of fields of various origins (thermal, optical, biological, gas, and electromagnetic). The authors of the article argue that some of the listed parameters can be supported by ventilation and air conditioning (SCA) systems.

It is shown that when the controlled parameters are limited to a multidimensional area, the SCA control ...


Concrete Maturity Method Applied To Rapid-Setting Calcium-Sulfoaluminate (Csa) Concretes For Pavement Repair Under Different Ambient Temperatures, Ryan Nicholas Langford Aug 2021

Concrete Maturity Method Applied To Rapid-Setting Calcium-Sulfoaluminate (Csa) Concretes For Pavement Repair Under Different Ambient Temperatures, Ryan Nicholas Langford

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With more and more people using roadways the need for fast and efficient repair work is becoming increasingly important. Lane closures impede traffic flow and result in congestion. To further limit the amount of time lane closures are needed for repair work, calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA) cement concrete has become an increasing popular construction material for its ability to reach adequate strength requirements within four hours. Because of this accelerated repair time, advanced testing methods are needed to verify that the replaced concrete does indeed meet or exceed the minimum compressive strength requirements.

The maturity method is one test used to ...


Improving The Accuracy Of Measuring The Volume And Mass Of Liquid Product In Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks, Nodirbek Rustambekovich Yusupbekov, Azamat Alijonovich Yusupov, Bobir Alisher Ogli Boronov May 2021

Improving The Accuracy Of Measuring The Volume And Mass Of Liquid Product In Horizontal Cylindrical Tanks, Nodirbek Rustambekovich Yusupbekov, Azamat Alijonovich Yusupov, Bobir Alisher Ogli Boronov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The article is devoted to improving the accuracy of the system for measuring and controlling the level of liquid materials in horizontal cylindrical tanks. The task of ensuring continuous accurate control of the level, volume and mass of petroleum products, taking into account the shape of the bottom of the tank, is set. In order to improve the accuracy of the measuring device, a laser rangefinder is installed, which allows you to determine the distance from the tank lid to the point of the surface level of the liquid product and calculate the volume of the liquid material by determining ...


Effect Of Developer Temperature On Photoresist Contrast In Grayscale Lithography, Dale Farnan, George Patrick Watson May 2021

Effect Of Developer Temperature On Photoresist Contrast In Grayscale Lithography, Dale Farnan, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

SPR 220-3 photoresist was spin-coated onto a silicon wafer, exposed using a Heidelberg DWL66+ laserwriter at different laser powers, and developed at different temperatures. The effect of developer temperature on photoresist contrast was examined. Results show that increasing developer temperature decreased photoresist contrast and increased required dose.


Study Of The Rheological Properties Of The Suspension Formed During The Production Of Caustic Soda By The Lime Method, Aktam Ulashovich Erkaev, Dildora Tursunova Mar 2021

Study Of The Rheological Properties Of The Suspension Formed During The Production Of Caustic Soda By The Lime Method, Aktam Ulashovich Erkaev, Dildora Tursunova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The process of obtaining sodium hydroxide - caustic soda by conversion of soda ash with lime milk in the presence of natural mirabilite - has been investigated. The influence of temperature, Na2CO3: Na2SO4 ratio, concentration of lime milk and duration of the conversion process on this process was studied by identifying their optimal values. The study of the rheological properties of the reaction pulp showed that it is mobile and well filtered, which makes it possible to obtain rapidly settling large crystals of Na2CO3·2Na2SO4, Na2CO3, Na ...


Cellulose Biodegradability And Its Impact On Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal, Moustafa Ibrahim Elbahrawi Mar 2021

Cellulose Biodegradability And Its Impact On Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal, Moustafa Ibrahim Elbahrawi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cellulose from toilet paper contributes approximately one third of the influent organic suspended solids (TSS) to wastewater treatment plants and is a key target for resources recovery. Cellulose recovery is beneficial as it reduces the required energy for treatment and biosolids treatment cost. Hence, understanding the hydrolysis of cellulose in wastewater which is mainly affected by temperature and the solids retention time (SRT), is a major key to determine the optimum location for its recovery. In order to assess the impact of temperature and SRT on cellulose degradation, this study investigated the biological aerobic degradation of cellulose in four laboratory-scale ...


Development Of Preparations Based On Local Components For Dust Suppression On Quarry Roads, Olikulov Fakhriyor, Mukhiddinov Bakhоdir, Vapoev Khusniddin, Zhurayev Shokhruh Feb 2021

Development Of Preparations Based On Local Components For Dust Suppression On Quarry Roads, Olikulov Fakhriyor, Mukhiddinov Bakhоdir, Vapoev Khusniddin, Zhurayev Shokhruh

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the work is to develop dust-collecting preparations based on local raw materials for the suppression of man-made dust formed on quarry paths. For this purpose, 4 types of the drug were created in the laboratory on the basis of domestic raw materials for dust suppression. The dependence of the viscosity and density of the created preparations on the concentration of components and temperature is studied. For the preparation of the solution of the created drug, a semi-industrial installation is created, which presents the general view and the process of preparing the solution. The spray of the prepared ...


Synthesis And Spectroscopic Study Of Complex Compounds Of Mn(Ii), Co(Ii), Ni(Ii), Cu(Ii) And Zn(Ii) Acetates With 2-Aminobenzimidazole, Gapurova Lobar, Kadirova Shakhnoza, Rakhmonоva Dilnoza, Olimova Manzura Feb 2021

Synthesis And Spectroscopic Study Of Complex Compounds Of Mn(Ii), Co(Ii), Ni(Ii), Cu(Ii) And Zn(Ii) Acetates With 2-Aminobenzimidazole, Gapurova Lobar, Kadirova Shakhnoza, Rakhmonоva Dilnoza, Olimova Manzura

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the work is to develop a synthesis procedure and obtain new complex compounds of transition metal acetates with 2-aminobenzimidazole (L), to study the composition and structure of the synthesized compounds by elemental, thermal, X-ray phase analysis and IR spectroscopy. A procedure for the synthesis of new complex compounds of Mn(II), Cо(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn acetates with 2-aminobenzimidazole was developed and the composition and structure of the synthesized complex compounds were studied using modern physicochemical methods. Coordination competing donor centers, electronic and geometric structures of the ligand molecule were studied on the basis ...


Research Of Focl Parameters In The Range Of Positive Temperatures, Dilmurod Davronbekov, Zafar Khakimov Feb 2021

Research Of Focl Parameters In The Range Of Positive Temperatures, Dilmurod Davronbekov, Zafar Khakimov

Bulletin of TUIT: Management and Communication Technologies

This article studies the parameters of fiber-optic communication lines (FOCL) in the temperature range. For research, a climatic unit has been developed that allows a wide temperature range for testing (from -90°C to + 90°C) and an experimental complex for investigating the stability of optical parameters of a fiber-optic cable with temperature changes in the range from + 18°C to + 76°C. A technology of sequential switching of optical fibers of a fiber-optic cable by means of welding is proposed, thanks to which the constructive problem of placing a long optical fiber in a limited volume of a heat ...


Fluid Dynamic Analysis Over Turbulent Flows, Bryce Mcguire, Tevin James, Dareon Medley Jan 2021

Fluid Dynamic Analysis Over Turbulent Flows, Bryce Mcguire, Tevin James, Dareon Medley

NSF REU: Propulsion, Aerodynamics, and Controls of Aerial Vehicles

The purpose of this research is to run CFDs (Computational Fluid Dynamics) with several type of objects that consist of the following: 90-Degree Pipe, Combustors, Scramjets, Scramjets with Fuel Injectors, and Airfoils. The sole reasoning is to get a clear understanding of the mechanisms that are ran through by using the computational software called: ANSYS. With this, it will aid into running fluid flows through these objects to observe the desirable variables such as: Velocity, Temperature, Pressure, Total Pressure, Total Temperature, Eddy Viscosity, Turbulence Kinetic Energy, Turbulence Eddy Dissipation, etc.


Prediction Of Long-Term Physical Properties Of Low Density Polyethylene (Ldpe)Cable Insulation Materials By Artificial Neural Network Modeling Approach Underenvironmental Constraints, Ferhat Slimani, Abdallah Hedir, Mustapha Moudoud, Ali Durmuş, Mounir Amir, Mohamed Megherbi Jan 2021

Prediction Of Long-Term Physical Properties Of Low Density Polyethylene (Ldpe)Cable Insulation Materials By Artificial Neural Network Modeling Approach Underenvironmental Constraints, Ferhat Slimani, Abdallah Hedir, Mustapha Moudoud, Ali Durmuş, Mounir Amir, Mohamed Megherbi

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

This study quantifies long-term physical properties of low density polyethylene (LDPE) cables insulations exposed to environmental constraints such as UV radiation and temperature via both experimental measurements and mathematical modeling approach. For this purpose, tensile test and electrical breakdown test were carried out to determine elongation at break, tensile strength, and dielectric strength of unaged and aged specimens, respectively. Experimental results showed that both UV and temperature exposures affected the LDPE properties, significantly. A supervised artificial neural network (ANN) trained by the Levenberg?Marquardt algorithm was designed for predicting the long-term characteristics of specimens and also for minimizing the experimental ...


Investigation Of The Moisture Binding Forms In Plant Raw Materials And Thermal Characteristics Determination, Tojiniso Raxmanova, Shaxnoza Sultanova, Jasur Safarov, Esra Capanoglu Dec 2020

Investigation Of The Moisture Binding Forms In Plant Raw Materials And Thermal Characteristics Determination, Tojiniso Raxmanova, Shaxnoza Sultanova, Jasur Safarov, Esra Capanoglu

Technical science and innovation

In this article, the forms of moisture connection and the thermal characteristics of plant materials are studied. Rosehip and hawthorn fruits were chosen as the object of research. In the heat analyzer, a decrease in the mass of the product and an increase in temperature were found when the temperature was controlled in a certain gas environment. The curves of the dependence of the dog rose and hawthorn samples on the mass and temperature are given. DTA-1/10 galvanometer sensitivity; sensitivity of the DTG-1/5 galvanometer; the maximum heating temperature is 300° С and the rate of change of the ...


Effect Of Temperature On Early‐Age Properties Of Self‐Consolidating Concrete Equivalent Mortar, Nima Farzadnia, Jing Pan, Kamal Khayat, Eric Wirquin Dec 2020

Effect Of Temperature On Early‐Age Properties Of Self‐Consolidating Concrete Equivalent Mortar, Nima Farzadnia, Jing Pan, Kamal Khayat, Eric Wirquin

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this study, the effect of ambient temperature during casting on fresh properties, hydration kinetics, and early‐age compressive strength of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) was evaluated. Concrete equivalent mortars (CEMs) with water‐to‐binder ratios of 0.41 and 0.45 were cast based on SCC mixture designs for building and infrastructure construction and precast applications. The CEMs were prepared at temperatures ranging from 8 to 36°C. Superplasticizer (SP) and air‐entraining agent (AEA) demand were evaluated for the CEM mixtures made with different supplementary cementing material (SCM) and limestone filler types. Test results showed that the ambient temperature ...


Specific Features Of Optical Fiber Cable Operation During Tension And Change Of Ambient Temperature, Dilmurod Davronbekov, Zafar Khakimov Dec 2020

Specific Features Of Optical Fiber Cable Operation During Tension And Change Of Ambient Temperature, Dilmurod Davronbekov, Zafar Khakimov

Bulletin of TUIT: Management and Communication Technologies

This article examines the effect of longitudinal and thermoelastic deformation of an optical module on the technological reserve of an optical fiber. Analytical expressions are given for determining the lower limit of the technological margin of an optical fiber for various types of fiber-optic cable section along the axis.


Uncertainty Of A Manometric Method For Determining The Humidity Of Fibrous Materials, O.Sh. Khakimov, N.Sh. Muminov, J.A. Hamidov Nov 2020

Uncertainty Of A Manometric Method For Determining The Humidity Of Fibrous Materials, O.Sh. Khakimov, N.Sh. Muminov, J.A. Hamidov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

A manometric method for determining the moisture content of fibrous materials is considered. The scheme and principle of operation of the device. A formula is given for calculating the moisture content of a material. It is emphasized that the two-chamber manometric method for determining the moisture content of materials is an indirect measurement. To determine the measurement result and its uncertainty, it is necessary to justify and choose one of the appropriate methods for determining the measurement results and assess their uncertainty - the linearization method or the reduction method. The main sources of uncertainty are identified. The pairwise correlation between ...


Enhancing The Visibility Of Vernier Effect In A Tri-Microfiber Coupler Fiber Loop Interferometer For Ultrasensitive Refractive Index And Temperature Sensing, Fangfang Wei, Dejun Liu, Zhe Wang, Zhuochen Wang, Gerald Farrell, Qiang Wu, Gang-Ding Peng, Yuliya Semenova Nov 2020

Enhancing The Visibility Of Vernier Effect In A Tri-Microfiber Coupler Fiber Loop Interferometer For Ultrasensitive Refractive Index And Temperature Sensing, Fangfang Wei, Dejun Liu, Zhe Wang, Zhuochen Wang, Gerald Farrell, Qiang Wu, Gang-Ding Peng, Yuliya Semenova

Articles

In this paper a Vernier effect based sensor is analyzed and demonstrated experimentally in a tri-microfiber coupler (Tri-MFC) and polarization-maintaining fiber (PMF) loop interferometer (Tri-MFC-PMF) to provide ultrasensitive refractive index and temperature sensing. The main novelty of this work is an analysis of parameters of the proposed Tri-MFC-PMF with the objective of determining the conditions leading to a strong Vernier effect. It has been identified by simulation that the Vernier effect is a primary factor in the design of Tri-MFC-PMF loop sensing structure for sensitivity enhancement. It is furthermore demonstrated experimentally that enhancing the visibility of the Vernier spectrum in ...


Synthesis, Characterization And Sintering Behavior Influencing Mechanical, Thermal And Physical Properties Of Pure Cordierite And Cordierite–Ceria, Marikkannan Senthil Kumar, Ayyasamy Elaya Perumal, T. R. Vijayaram Oct 2020

Synthesis, Characterization And Sintering Behavior Influencing Mechanical, Thermal And Physical Properties Of Pure Cordierite And Cordierite–Ceria, Marikkannan Senthil Kumar, Ayyasamy Elaya Perumal, T. R. Vijayaram

Journal of Advanced Ceramics

The study of cordierite ceramic is the need of the hour in present technological world for various advanced engineering applications. Cordierite, which has relatively poor mechanical properties, has induced the use of various dopants to study the improvement in mechanical properties. Thirst of seeking new materials with good mechanical properties has revived the research on ceria doped cordierite. Present research conducted on pure cordierite and ceria doped cordierite ceramics has investigated the results of characterization and studied their suitability. Pure cordierite and cordierite–ceria (CeO2) composite ceramics synthesized for various stoichiometric composition (5–20 wt%) were compacted at 240 ...


Measurement Of Bit-Rock Interface Temperature And Wear Rate Of The Tungsten Carbide Drill Bit During Rotary Drilling, Vijay Kumar Shankar, Bijay Mihir Kunar, Chivukula Suryanarayana Murthy, M R. Ramesh Oct 2020

Measurement Of Bit-Rock Interface Temperature And Wear Rate Of The Tungsten Carbide Drill Bit During Rotary Drilling, Vijay Kumar Shankar, Bijay Mihir Kunar, Chivukula Suryanarayana Murthy, M R. Ramesh

Friction

Rock drilling is an essential operation in mining industries. Temperature at the bit-rock interface plays a major role in the wear rate of the drill bit. This paper primarily focuses on the wear rate of tungsten carbide (WC) drill bit and the interrelationship between temperature and wear rate during rotary drilling operations conducted using a computer numerical control (CNC) machine. The interrelationship between the temperature and wear rate was studied with regard to three types of rock samples, i.e., fine-grained sandstone (FG) of uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) that is 17.83 MPa, medium-grained sandstone (MG) of UCS that is ...


Study On Friction Performance And Mechanism Of Slipper Pair Under Different Paired Materials In High-Pressure Axial Piston Pump, Huaichao Wu, Limei Zhao, Siliang Ni, Yongyong He Oct 2020

Study On Friction Performance And Mechanism Of Slipper Pair Under Different Paired Materials In High-Pressure Axial Piston Pump, Huaichao Wu, Limei Zhao, Siliang Ni, Yongyong He

Friction

High-pressure axial piston pumps operate in high-speed and high-pressure environments. The contact state of the slipper against the swashplate can easily change from an oil film lubrication to a mixed oil film/asperity contact, or even dry friction. To improve the dry friction performance of slipper pairs and to avoid their potentially rapid failure, this study examined the effects of material matching on the dry friction performance of the slipper pair for high-pressure axial piston pumps. A FAIAX6 friction and wear tester was developed, and the dry friction coefficients of the slipper pairs matched with different materials were studied using ...


Molecular Dynamics Simulation Of Effects Of Nanoparticles On Frictional Heating And Tribological Properties At Various Temperatures, Chengzhi Hu, Jizu Lv, Minli Bai, Xiaoliang Zhang, Dawei Tang Oct 2020

Molecular Dynamics Simulation Of Effects Of Nanoparticles On Frictional Heating And Tribological Properties At Various Temperatures, Chengzhi Hu, Jizu Lv, Minli Bai, Xiaoliang Zhang, Dawei Tang

Friction

The temperature of a friction pair exerts considerable influence on the tribological behavior of a system. In two cases, one with and the other without Cu (copper) nanoparticles, the temperature increase in friction pairs caused by frictional heating and its tribological properties at various temperatures are studied by using the molecular dynamics approach. The results show that temperature distribution and surface abrasion are significantly improved by the presence of Cu nanoparticles. This is one of the reasons for the improvements in tribological properties achieved in the presence of nanoparticles. The temperature and range of influence of frictional heating for the ...


Effect Of Nanoparticles On The Performance Of Magnetorheological Fluid Damper During Hard Turning Process, P. Sam Paul, J. Agnelo Iasanth, X. Ajay Vasanth, A. S. Varadarajan Oct 2020

Effect Of Nanoparticles On The Performance Of Magnetorheological Fluid Damper During Hard Turning Process, P. Sam Paul, J. Agnelo Iasanth, X. Ajay Vasanth, A. S. Varadarajan

Friction

Magnetorheological (MR) fluid damper which allows the damping characteristics of the damper to be continuously controlled by varying the magnetic field is extensively used in metal cutting to suppress tool vibration. Even though magnetorhelogical fluids have been successful in reducing tool vibration, durability of magnetorhelogical fluids remains a major challenge in engineering sector. Temperature effect on the performance of magnetorhelogical fluids over a prolonged period of time is a major concern. In this paper, an attempt was made to reduce temperature and to improve viscosity of magnetorhelogical fluids by infusing nanoparticles along with MR fluids. Aluminium oxide and titanium oxide ...


Effect Of Temperature And Atmosphere On The Tribological Behavior Of A Polyether Ether Ketone Composite, Felipe Darabas Rzatki, Diego Vinicius Dalevedo Barboza, Renan Muller Schroeder, Guilherme Mariz De Oliveira Barra, Cristiano Binder, Aloisio Nelmo Klein, José Daniel Biasoli De Mello Oct 2020

Effect Of Temperature And Atmosphere On The Tribological Behavior Of A Polyether Ether Ketone Composite, Felipe Darabas Rzatki, Diego Vinicius Dalevedo Barboza, Renan Muller Schroeder, Guilherme Mariz De Oliveira Barra, Cristiano Binder, Aloisio Nelmo Klein, José Daniel Biasoli De Mello

Friction

Polyether ether ketone (PEEK) is a high-performance thermoplastic, which is often selected for high-temperature tribological applications under chemically aggressive environments. The present work investigates the tribological behavior of a high-performance PEEK composite under conditions that are often found inside hermetic compressors. Therefore, an AMTI tribometer equipped with a hermetic chamber and a heating system was used to conduct sliding tests of PEEK cylinders on AISI 304 stainless steel polished discs (Sq <10 nm) with reciprocating movement and a normal force of 175 N. The tribological behavior of the PEEK/AISI 304 stainless steel system was investigated as a function of ambient temperature (30℃ and 80℃) and atmosphere (atmospheric air and tetrafluoroethane). Wear and surface roughness analyses were performed with white light interferometry and optical microscopy. Raman spectroscopy was used to investigate transfer films on the counter body surface. Temperature was observed to have a strong influence on the tribological behavior of the samples tested under atmospheric air, with a 25% decrease in the friction coefficient associated with a 100% increase in the wear rate. However, the friction measured from the samples tested under a tetrafluoroethane atmosphere showed no signif icant temperature dependence.


Influence Of Technological Parameters On The Chemical Composition Of Calcium Polyphosphates From Phosphorites Central Kyzylkum, Ulugberdieva Ziyada, Khujamberdiev Sherzod, Mirzakulov Kholtura, Usmanov Ilkham Oct 2020

Influence Of Technological Parameters On The Chemical Composition Of Calcium Polyphosphates From Phosphorites Central Kyzylkum, Ulugberdieva Ziyada, Khujamberdiev Sherzod, Mirzakulov Kholtura, Usmanov Ilkham

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the research was to study the effect of temperature, the ratio of P2O5EPA:P2O5PRM and the duration of calcination on the content of various forms of P2O5 in calcium polyphosphate. The effect of calcination temperature from 150 to 300 °C, the ratio of P2O5EPA:P2O5FRM from 2,15 to 4,50 and the duration of the process from 20 to 120 minutes on the changes in various forms of P2O5 were studied. It was shown that with increasing temperature to 200-250 °C the content of the total (ortho + poly) assimilable form of Р2О5 increases and then decreases ...


The Effect Of High Efficiency Building Technologies And Pv Generation On The Energy Profiles For Typical Us Residences, Evan S. Jones, Rosemary E. Alden, Huangjie Gong, Andrew G. Frye, Donald G. Colliver, Dan M. Ionel Sep 2020

The Effect Of High Efficiency Building Technologies And Pv Generation On The Energy Profiles For Typical Us Residences, Evan S. Jones, Rosemary E. Alden, Huangjie Gong, Andrew G. Frye, Donald G. Colliver, Dan M. Ionel

Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky Faculty Publications

The penetrations of high efficiency technologies and photovoltaic (PV) generation are increasing in the residential sector. Technologies such as improved insulation and efficient HVAC systems significantly affect the energy profile of a house. This effect varies due to climate characteristics, i.e. temperature, solar radiation, relative humidity, and wind speeds. The effect of other technologies, such as efficient water heaters, lighting, or kitchen appliances, is mainly governed by human behavior, which may be represented by a schedule. This paper studies the performance of both climate-influenced and scheduled household devices among different levels of efficiency through combined computational and experimental methods ...


Effects Of Period And Temperature On Quality And Shelf-Life Of Cucumber And Garden-Eggs Packaged Using Cassava Starch-Zinc Nanocomposite Film, Adeshina Fadeyibi, Zinash Delebo Osunde, Mohammed Gana Yisa Aug 2020

Effects Of Period And Temperature On Quality And Shelf-Life Of Cucumber And Garden-Eggs Packaged Using Cassava Starch-Zinc Nanocomposite Film, Adeshina Fadeyibi, Zinash Delebo Osunde, Mohammed Gana Yisa

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Nanocomposite film can be used to prolong the shelf-life of fruits and vegetables. This research was undertaken to investigate the effects of packaging period and temperature on the quality and self-lives of cucumber and garden-eggs packaged using cassava starch-zinc nanocomposite film. Hundred grams each of cucumber and garden-eggs were wrapped in a 200× 350 mm size nanocomposite film and low density polyethylene (LDPE) of 2.240± 1.076 × 10-10 gm-1Pa-1s-1 water vapor and 1.568± 0.084× 10-10 gm-1Pa-1s-1 oxygen gas permeability. The products were stored at 10 ...