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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Effect Of Continuity Plate Eccentricity On The Performance Of Welded Beam-To-Column Connections, Jason Thomas Norwood Dec 2018

Effect Of Continuity Plate Eccentricity On The Performance Of Welded Beam-To-Column Connections, Jason Thomas Norwood

Theses and Dissertations

Beam-to-column connections in structural steel buildings may have varying degrees of rotational restraint and varying degrees of moment transfer. In fully restrained moment connections, shear is typically transferred through the beam web, while the moment is mostly transferred through the beam flanges which create tension/compression force couples. Column sections that are incapable of resisting these flange forces are often retrofitted with continuity plates within the connection region to improve capacity. In cases of unequal beam depths on either side of the column, an eccentricity between the framed-in beam flange and continuity plate may be required; however, limited research exists ...


Temper Response Of A Vanadium Microalloy Steel, Bradley W. Hostetler Jun 2018

Temper Response Of A Vanadium Microalloy Steel, Bradley W. Hostetler

Materials Engineering

This investigation details the effect of a quench-and-temper processing treatment on the mechanical properties of a microalloy steel being considered for use as a pipeline flange. Microalloy steels are normally processed via Thermo-Mechanically Controlled Processing (TMCP) due to the increased strength from ferrite grain refinement; however, the geometry of a pipeline flange requires post processing beyond TMCP which diminishes the strengthening effect provided by TMCP. The purpose of this research project is to determine the mechanical properties produced when a vanadium microalloy steel is quenched and tempered. The two major considerations are the effect of tempering time on properties and ...


Efficiency Of Solid Inclusion Removal From The Steel Melt By Ceramic Foam Filter: Design And Experimental Validation, Soumava Chakraborty, Ronald J. O'Malley, Laura Bartlett, Mingzhi Xu May 2018

Efficiency Of Solid Inclusion Removal From The Steel Melt By Ceramic Foam Filter: Design And Experimental Validation, Soumava Chakraborty, Ronald J. O'Malley, Laura Bartlett, Mingzhi Xu

Ronald J. O'Malley

An investigation was performed to measure the efficiency of solid alumina inclusion removal by filtration during casting. A mold design was developed using modeling software to produce two castings that fill simultaneously, one with a filter and the other without a filter. The design avoided vortex formation and thus air entrainment, which helped to avoid reoxidation inside the mold cavity. Samples from these castings were analyzed utilizing an SEM/EDS system with automated feature analysis (AFA) to measure the efficiency of inclusion removal using a 20 ppi zirconia foam filter. This study also documents the occurrence of inclusion flotation and ...


Fatigue Investigation Of Slit Rib-To-Floor Beam Connections In Steel Orthotropic Bridge Decks, Jayne Marks May 2018

Fatigue Investigation Of Slit Rib-To-Floor Beam Connections In Steel Orthotropic Bridge Decks, Jayne Marks

Theses and Dissertations

The steel orthotropic bridge deck (SOBD) is a bridge deck system which consists of longitudinal open or closed ribs that pass through transverse floor beams with a continuous steel deck plate on top. All of these components are joined using welded connections which can be costly to fabricate and prone to fatigue cracks. The rib-to-floor beam (RFB) connection in an SOBD is labor intensive and fatigue sensitive. In the past, the RFB connection has either been a fully fitted connection or a connection with an extended cut-out which is larger than the opening in the floor beam web for the ...


Efficiency Of Solid Inclusion Removal From The Steel Melt By Ceramic Foam Filter: Design And Experimental Validation, Soumava Chakraborty, Ronald J. O'Malley, Laura Bartlett, Mingzhi Xu Apr 2018

Efficiency Of Solid Inclusion Removal From The Steel Melt By Ceramic Foam Filter: Design And Experimental Validation, Soumava Chakraborty, Ronald J. O'Malley, Laura Bartlett, Mingzhi Xu

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

An investigation was performed to measure the efficiency of solid alumina inclusion removal by filtration during casting. A mold design was developed using modeling software to produce two castings that fill simultaneously, one with a filter and the other without a filter. The design avoided vortex formation and thus air entrainment, which helped to avoid reoxidation inside the mold cavity. Samples from these castings were analyzed utilizing an SEM/EDS system with automated feature analysis (AFA) to measure the efficiency of inclusion removal using a 20 ppi zirconia foam filter. This study also documents the occurrence of inclusion flotation and ...


Applications Of Open Source Gmaw-Based Metal 3-D Printing, Yuenyong Nilsiam, Paul G. Sanders, Joshua M. Pearce Mar 2018

Applications Of Open Source Gmaw-Based Metal 3-D Printing, Yuenyong Nilsiam, Paul G. Sanders, Joshua M. Pearce

Department of Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The metal 3-D printing market is currently dominated by high-end applications, which make it inaccessible for small and medium enterprises, fab labs, and individual makers who are interested in the ability to prototype and additively manufacture final products in metal. Recent progress led to low-cost open-source metal 3-D printers using a gas metal arc welding (GMAW)-based print head. This reduced the cost of metal 3-D printers into the range of desktop prosumer polymer 3-D printers. Consequent research established good material properties of metal 3-D printed parts with readily-available weld filler wire, reusable substrates, thermal and stress properties, toolpath planning ...


Effects Of Microstructure And Crystallography On Mechanical Properties Of Cold-Rolled Sae1078 Pearlitic Steel, Y. Liu, C. D. Yang, M. Liu, C. H. Wang, Y. C. Dai, X. Li, Alan M. Russell, C. X. Zhang, Z. H. Zhang, G. H. Cao Jan 2018

Effects Of Microstructure And Crystallography On Mechanical Properties Of Cold-Rolled Sae1078 Pearlitic Steel, Y. Liu, C. D. Yang, M. Liu, C. H. Wang, Y. C. Dai, X. Li, Alan M. Russell, C. X. Zhang, Z. H. Zhang, G. H. Cao

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The evolution of the microstructure and crystallography in SAE1078 pearlitic steel sheets under different cold-rolling reductions of up to 90% were quantified using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The mechanical properties were determined by tensile testing at room temperature. TEM analysis showed that the pearlite structure was obviously refined with the interlamellar spacing decreasing to about 57 nm at the rolling reduction of 90%. EBSD investigations indicated that the ferrite exhibited a {001}texture in the 90% cold-rolled pearlitic steel. The dislocations were mainly concentrated during cold rolling between the 10% and 70 ...


Comparison Of Gmaw And Saw For Ngw Of 50 Mm Q&T Steel Plate, Druce Patrick Dunne, Willy Pang Jan 2018

Comparison Of Gmaw And Saw For Ngw Of 50 Mm Q&T Steel Plate, Druce Patrick Dunne, Willy Pang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

A one-pass-per-layer technique was used for narrow gap welding (NGW) of 50 mm thick plate of quenched and tempered steel with 690 MPa minimum yield strength. GMAW and SAW were investigated for pulsed and non-pulsed welding using the same 1.2 mm strength-matching welding consumable and the same nominal heat inputs for each of the pulsed and non-pulsed welds. The welds were defect-free and the hardness, tensile strength and Charpy impact energies were generally consistent with high weldment integrity. Pulsing of the welding current had the effect of slightly increasing side-wall fusion, flattening the weld bead and decreasing its volume ...


Performance Evaluation And Lubrication Mechanism Of Water-Based Nanolubricants Containing Nano-Tio2 In Hot Steel Rolling, Hui Wu, Jingwei Zhao, Liang Luo, Shuiquan Huang, Lianzhou Wang, Suoquan Zhang, Sihai Jiao, Han Huang, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2018

Performance Evaluation And Lubrication Mechanism Of Water-Based Nanolubricants Containing Nano-Tio2 In Hot Steel Rolling, Hui Wu, Jingwei Zhao, Liang Luo, Shuiquan Huang, Lianzhou Wang, Suoquan Zhang, Sihai Jiao, Han Huang, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Hot rolling tests of a low-alloy steel were conducted at a rolling temperature of 850 °C under different lubrication conditions, including benchmarks (dry condition and water) and water-based nanolubricants containing different concentrations of nano-TiO2 from 1.0 to 8.0 wt%. The effects of nanolubricants on rolling force, surface roughness, thickness of oxide scale, and microstructure were systematically investigated through varying nano-TiO2 concentrations. The results show that the application of nanolubricants can decrease the rolling force, surface roughness and oxide scale thickness of rolled steels, and refine ferrite grains. In particular, the nanolubricant containing an optimal concentration (4 ...


Microstructural Evaluation Of Hydrogen Embrittlement And Successive Recovery In Advanced High Strength Steel, Quentin Scott Allen Dec 2017

Microstructural Evaluation Of Hydrogen Embrittlement And Successive Recovery In Advanced High Strength Steel, Quentin Scott Allen

All Theses and Dissertations

Advanced high strength steels (AHSS) have high susceptibility to hydrogen embrittlement, and are often exposed to hydrogen environments in processing. In order to study the embrittlement and recovery of steel, tensile tests were conducted on two different types of AHSS over time after hydrogen charging. Concentration measurements and hydrogen microprinting were carried out at the same time steps to visualize the hydrogen behavior during recovery. The diffusible hydrogen concentration was found to decay exponentially, and equations were found for the two types of steel. Hydrogen concentration decay rates were calculated to be -0.355 /hr in TBF steel, and -0 ...


Post-Earthquake Fire Assessment Of Steel Buildings, Yi Li, Rachel Chicchi, Amit H. Varma Aug 2017

Post-Earthquake Fire Assessment Of Steel Buildings, Yi Li, Rachel Chicchi, Amit H. Varma

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Resilience of structural systems after hazardous events is a crucial concern of building design. An abundance of research has focused on hazards such as seismic and fire separately. This project conducted a multi-hazard study on steel buildings considering both seismic and fire damage. A literature review of the behavior of steel-framed buildings due to fires after earthquakes, known as post-earthquake fires (PEF), is offered. The new PEF methodology, delivered in this study, starts with creating a three dimensional (3D) model of the examined steel building using the finite element method software, ABAQUS. Next, varying intensities of seismic and fire hazards ...


Condition Factor Calibration For Load And Resistance Factor Rating Of Steel Girder Bridges, Joshua Steelman, Pranav M. Shakya Jun 2017

Condition Factor Calibration For Load And Resistance Factor Rating Of Steel Girder Bridges, Joshua Steelman, Pranav M. Shakya

Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports

Load and Resistance Factor Rating (LRFR) is a reliability-based rating procedure complementary to Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD). The intent of LRFR is to provide consistent reliability for all bridges regardless of in-situ condition. The primary difference between design and rating is the uncertain severity and location of deterioration, including the potential future loss of strength for an element already evidencing deterioration. Ostensibly, these uncertainties are addressed by applying an additional strength reduction factor: the condition factor, ϕc. Currently, condition factors are nominally correlated to the condition of the member, which can be Good, Fair, or Poor. However, definitions ...


Experimental And Computational Investigation Of Composite Beam Response To Fire, Amy Kordosky Jan 2017

Experimental And Computational Investigation Of Composite Beam Response To Fire, Amy Kordosky

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents three experimental studies on composite floor beams in fire that were performed in the Lehigh University ATLSS Furnace. The experiments include a predesigned W8x10 beam with limited existing damage subject to a realistic parametric fire curve with a decay phase, and two W12x26 beams – one bare steel and one insulated with a spray on fire resistant material - designed and tested with an E119 standard fire curve. The complete design and record of the tests are provided, including data on specimen temperatures and deflections.SAFIR 2016 was used to model the systems thermal and structural behavior at various ...


Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Concrete-filled stainless steel tubular (CFSST) slender columns are increasingly used in composite structures owing to their distinguished features, such as aesthetic appearance, high corrosion resistance, high durability and ease of maintenance. Currently, however, there is a lack of an accurate and efficient numerical model that can be utilized to determine the performance of circular CFSST slender columns. This paper describes a nonlinear fiber-based model proposed for computing the deflection and axial load-moment strength interaction responses of eccentrically loaded circular high-strength CFSST slender columns. The fiber-based model incorporates the accurate three-stage stress-strain relations of stainless steels, accounting for different strain hardening ...


Displaced Hardness Peak Phenomenon In Heat-Affected Zone Of Welded Quenched And Tempered Em812 Steel, Druce P. Dunne, W Pang Jan 2017

Displaced Hardness Peak Phenomenon In Heat-Affected Zone Of Welded Quenched And Tempered Em812 Steel, Druce P. Dunne, W Pang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Investigations of microstructural and hardness gradients in the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of quenched and tempered (Q&T) steels have indicated that peak hardness does not occur in the grain-coarsened heat-affected zone (GCHAZ) adjacent to the fusion boundary, which is typical of ferritic steels, but corresponds more closely to the grain-refined region (GRHAZ). This phenomenon, the displaced hardness peak (DHP) effect, is considered to arise when the hardenability of the steel is high enough to result in the same microstructure in the GC and GR heat-affected zones, except for significant refinement of the microstructure of the GRHAZ, which increases the hardness ...


Nonlinear Analysis Of Biaxially Loaded Rectangular Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

Nonlinear Analysis Of Biaxially Loaded Rectangular Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Rectangular concrete-filled stainless steel tubular (CFSST) beam-columns utilized as supporting members for building frames may experience axial compression and biaxial moments. A numerical simulation considering the local buckling effects for thin-walled rectangular CFSST slender beam-columns has not been performed. This paper reports a stability modeling on the structural characteristics of rectangular CFSST slender beam-columns accounting for different strain-hardening of stainless steel under tension and compression. The influences of local buckling are considered in the simulation utilizing the existing effective width formulations. The developed numerical model simulates the strength interaction and load-deflection behavior of CFSST slender beam-columns. Comparisons of computed results ...


Process Development And Implementation For The Imaging Of Heat Treated A2 Steel For Consolidation Into An Atlas, Jessica Roberts Jan 2017

Process Development And Implementation For The Imaging Of Heat Treated A2 Steel For Consolidation Into An Atlas, Jessica Roberts

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

Material processes, properties, and microstructure are interconnected, often visualized as the points of a triangle. Changing the process a material goes through will in turn change the properties and microstructure of that material. In materials research and education (specifically with metals), comparison between research or experiment results and scholarly-accepted results is important. When reading textbooks addressing different properties of metals and the process of metal treatment, images are often shown of the various microstructures associated with each property or process stage. The difficulty comes in trying to compare the stages or properties to one another; often different materials and processes ...


Strain-Induced Ferrite Formation And Its Effect On Mechanical Properties Of A Dual Phase Steel Produced Using Laboratory Simulated Strip Casting, Zhiping Xiong, Ahmed A. Saleh, Andrii Kostryzhev, Elena V. Pereloma Jan 2017

Strain-Induced Ferrite Formation And Its Effect On Mechanical Properties Of A Dual Phase Steel Produced Using Laboratory Simulated Strip Casting, Zhiping Xiong, Ahmed A. Saleh, Andrii Kostryzhev, Elena V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Thermo-mechanical processing of a strip cast dual phase (DP) steel was carried out using a Gleeble thermo-mechanical simulator. The effect of deformation temperatures in the range from 1050 to 700 °C on the microstructure evolution was investigated using optical, scanning and transmission electron microscopy along with electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD). Strain-induced ferrite (SIF) formation was observed following austenite deformation (∼0.41 reduction) in the 800–700 °C temperature range, leading to a ferrite grain refinement down to 3.1 ± 2.3 μm. A novel segmentation procedure was applied to separate selected EBSD maps into polygonal ferrite, SIF and second phase ...


Analysis Of Tio2 Nano-Additive Water-Based Lubricants In Hot Rolling Of Microalloyed Steel, Hui Wu, Jingwei Zhao, Wenzhen Xia, Xiawei Cheng, Anshun He, Jung-Ho Yun, Lianzhou Wang, Han Huang, Sihai Jiao, Li Huang, Suoquan Zhang, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2017

Analysis Of Tio2 Nano-Additive Water-Based Lubricants In Hot Rolling Of Microalloyed Steel, Hui Wu, Jingwei Zhao, Wenzhen Xia, Xiawei Cheng, Anshun He, Jung-Ho Yun, Lianzhou Wang, Han Huang, Sihai Jiao, Li Huang, Suoquan Zhang, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

No abstract provided.


Experimental Investigation Of Composite Beams Reinforced With Gfrp I-Beam And Steel Bars, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Jiansong Yuan Jan 2017

Experimental Investigation Of Composite Beams Reinforced With Gfrp I-Beam And Steel Bars, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Jiansong Yuan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents results of an experimental study on the flexural behaviour of a composite beam, which is reinforced with longitudinal tensile steel bars as well as glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) pultruded I-beam encased in concrete. Five beam specimens, including one traditional reinforced concrete (RC) beam and four composite beams, were cast and tested under four-point bending. The variables involved in the composite beams include the type of longitudinal tensile bars (steel bars and GFRP bars) and the location of the I-beam in the cross-section (middle and a shift of 30 mm towards the tension region). The test results ...


Behavior Of Self-Compacting Concrete Columns Reinforced Longitudinally With Steel Tubes, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Faez Alhussainy, M Neaz Sheikh Jan 2017

Behavior Of Self-Compacting Concrete Columns Reinforced Longitudinally With Steel Tubes, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Faez Alhussainy, M Neaz Sheikh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This study investigates the behavior of self-compacting concrete (SCC) specimens reinforced with small-diameter steel tubes in lieu of reinforcing bars. Twenty specimens were cast and tested. Four specimens were reinforced with normal steel bars (reference specimens) and the remaining 16 with steel tubes. All specimens contained steel helices with a pitch of either 50 mm or 75 mm. Deformed steel bars of 16-mm diameter were used in the four reference specimens as longitudinal reinforcement. Steel tubes of 33.7-mm outside diameter with 2-mm wall thickness (ST33.7) and steel tubes of 26.9-mm outside diameter with 2.6-mm wall thickness ...


Effects Of Oil-In-Water Based Nanolubricant Containing Tio2 Nanoparticles In Hot Rolling Of 304 Stainless Steel, Wenzhen Xia, Jingwei Zhao, Hui Wu, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Jianzhong Xu, Sihai Jiao, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2017

Effects Of Oil-In-Water Based Nanolubricant Containing Tio2 Nanoparticles In Hot Rolling Of 304 Stainless Steel, Wenzhen Xia, Jingwei Zhao, Hui Wu, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Jianzhong Xu, Sihai Jiao, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Energy saving and improvement of product quality are of crucial importance in hot rolling of 304 stainless steel. In this paper, oil-in-water (O/W) based nanolubricants containing TiO2 nanoparticles were developed to reduce the rolling force and improve the surface quality of rolled 304 stainless steel product. Practical hot rolling tests with and without application of lubricant were conducted to systematically investigate the effects of the developed O/W based nanolubricants on the rolling force, surface roughness, oxide scale thickness and tribological behaviour. The obtained results indicate that the nanoparticles can enter the deform zone with oil droplets to ...


Hybrid Structure Of White Layer In High Carbon Steel - Formation Mechanism And Its Properties, Rumana Hossain, Farshid Pahlevani, Evelien Witteveen, Amborish Banerjee, Bill Joe, B Prusty, Rian J. Dippenaar, Veena Sahajwalla Jan 2017

Hybrid Structure Of White Layer In High Carbon Steel - Formation Mechanism And Its Properties, Rumana Hossain, Farshid Pahlevani, Evelien Witteveen, Amborish Banerjee, Bill Joe, B Prusty, Rian J. Dippenaar, Veena Sahajwalla

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This study identifies for the first time, the hybrid structure of the white layer in high carbon steel and describes its formation mechanism and properties. The so-called 'white layer' in steel forms during high strain rate deformation and appears featureless under optical microscopy. While many researchers have investigated the formation of the white layer, there has been no definitive study, nor is there sufficient evidence to fully explain the formation, structure and properties of the layer. In this study, the formation, morphology and mechanical properties of the white layer was determined following impact testing, using a combination of optical and ...


Modelling The Softening Behaviour During Galvanizing Of Various Steel Grades, Kevin Banks, Rorisang Maubane, Thabang Makwena Oct 2016

Modelling The Softening Behaviour During Galvanizing Of Various Steel Grades, Kevin Banks, Rorisang Maubane, Thabang Makwena

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Modelling The Softening Behaviour During Galvanizing Of Various Steel Grades, Kevin Banks, Rorisang Maubane, Thabang Makwena Oct 2016

Modelling The Softening Behaviour During Galvanizing Of Various Steel Grades, Kevin Banks, Rorisang Maubane, Thabang Makwena

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Temperature Distributions Influencing Lateral Spread In Industrial Hot Rolling, Baohui Tian, Siegfried Kleber, Silvia Zinner, Peter Markiewicz Oct 2016

Temperature Distributions Influencing Lateral Spread In Industrial Hot Rolling, Baohui Tian, Siegfried Kleber, Silvia Zinner, Peter Markiewicz

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Redundancy Of Twin Steel Box-Girder Bridges, Huy V. Pham Oct 2016

Evaluation Of Redundancy Of Twin Steel Box-Girder Bridges, Huy V. Pham

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Based on the definition given in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, twin steel box-girder bridges are classified as bridges with fracture critical members (FCMs), in which a failure of a tension member is expected to lead to a collapse of the bridge. However, a number of such bridges with either a partial or full-depth crack in one girder have been reported and are still providing service without collapsing. The main objective of this research project is to understand the behavior of twin steel box-girder bridges and to develop methods for evaluating their redundancy level in the event of the ...


Dynamic Elasto-Plastic Behavior Of Steel Building Sub-Assemblage Including Cfrp Retrofitting Under Impact Load, Al Mohammed Salih Al-Aloosi Oct 2016

Dynamic Elasto-Plastic Behavior Of Steel Building Sub-Assemblage Including Cfrp Retrofitting Under Impact Load, Al Mohammed Salih Al-Aloosi

Civil & Environmental Engineering Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation presents the outcome of a theoretical and experimental study of the dynamic as well as the quasi-static elasto-plastic behavior of a steel building sub-assemblage including carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) retrofitting. The steel sub-assemblage consists of a beam-column attached to a pair of beams at its top end while its bottom end is fixed. An apparatus is constructed and used for conducting a series of experiments by applying a lateral impact load on the beam-column in the presence or absence of a static axial load. An innovative procedure for determining the shape of the forcing function caused by ...


Analysis Of Fatigue Crack Propagation In Welded Steels, Roberto Angelo Demarte Oct 2016

Analysis Of Fatigue Crack Propagation In Welded Steels, Roberto Angelo Demarte

Master's Theses (2009 -)

This thesis presents the study of fatigue crack propagation in a low carbon steel (ASTM A36) and two different weld metals (AWS A5.18 and AWS A5.28). Fatigue crack propagation data for each weld wire is of interest because of its use for predicting and analyzing service failures. Fatigue crack growth test specimens were developed and fabricated for the low carbon steel base metal and for each weld wire. Weld specimens were stress relieved prior to fatigue testing. Specimens were tested on a closed-loop servo hydraulic test machine at two different load ratios. Fatigue test data was collected to ...


Effect Of Microstructure And Crystallography On Sulfide Stress Cracking In Api-5ct-C110 Casing Steel, M. Liu, C. D. Yang, G. H. Cao, Alan M. Russell, Y. H. Liu, X. M. Dong, Z. H. Zhang Aug 2016

Effect Of Microstructure And Crystallography On Sulfide Stress Cracking In Api-5ct-C110 Casing Steel, M. Liu, C. D. Yang, G. H. Cao, Alan M. Russell, Y. H. Liu, X. M. Dong, Z. H. Zhang

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Microstructure and crystallography have been characterized on an API-5CT-C110 casing steel. Regions near a crack, more distant from a crack, and from specimen with no cracks were analyzed through electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). A higher proportion of low-angle grain boundaries appeared in the regions near the crack, while regions distant from cracks presented primarily high-angle grain boundaries. The high Kernel Average Misorientation value and more grains with higher Taylor factor emerged in areas beside cracks. The corrosion reactions observed in the cracks would be expected to promote crack growth.