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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Comparative Study Of Snort 3 And Suricata Intrusion Detection Systems, Cole Hoover May 2022

Comparative Study Of Snort 3 And Suricata Intrusion Detection Systems, Cole Hoover

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Network Intrusion Detection Systems (NIDS) are one layer of defense that can be used to protect a network from cyber-attacks. They monitor a network for any malicious activity and send alerts if suspicious traffic is detected. Two of the most common open-source NIDS are Snort and Suricata. Snort was first released in 1999 and became the industry standard. The one major drawback of Snort has been its single-threaded architecture. Because of this, Suricata was released in 2009 and uses a multithreaded architecture. Snort released Snort 3 last year with major improvements from earlier versions, including implementing a new multithreaded architecture ...


An Experimental Investigation Of Multi-Cylinder Conventional Ci Engine Using Madhuca Indica Oil As Fuel, Sreenivas S, Balakrishnan N, Kannan T K, Solaimuthu C Apr 2022

An Experimental Investigation Of Multi-Cylinder Conventional Ci Engine Using Madhuca Indica Oil As Fuel, Sreenivas S, Balakrishnan N, Kannan T K, Solaimuthu C

International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

The present work is mainly discussed with a qualitative study of engine’s significant characteristics fuelled with mahua bio-diesel & its different types of mixtures with neat diesel. The significant technical properties of various mixtures are tabulated. A 4-S multi-cylinder (6-Cylinder) DI conventional CI engine is used for the study under different speed modes. All types of characteristics for various mixtures are estimated in running the engine. Pure diesel is indicated by B-0 and pure mahua bio-diesel is represented by B-100. From the test results, it is found that B-25 gives almost the same BTE as B-0 at maximum load, compared ...


Disney During Covid-19: The Tourist And The Actor’S Nightmare, Jennifer A. Kokai, Tom Robson Apr 2022

Disney During Covid-19: The Tourist And The Actor’S Nightmare, Jennifer A. Kokai, Tom Robson

Journal of Themed Experience and Attractions Studies

In this essay, we argue that the experience of being at Disney theme parks in COVID times was a waking version of what is sometimes called “The Actor’s Nightmare.” Due to safety regulations, theme parks either dropped live entertainment that structures the day as a show with a clear beginning and end (e.g. park-opening rope drop performances, and the fireworks), attempted to include references to COVID in live entertainment (like in

the Frozen Ever After singalong, which added some COVID jokes), or to ignore it (like the Festival of the Lion King). In any case, due to these ...


Design And Construction Of A Biogas Burner, David O. Obada Mar 2022

Design And Construction Of A Biogas Burner, David O. Obada

Palestine Technical University Research Journal

This paper details the design and fabrication of a burner system, operating on biogas, for use in remote or rural regions of developing countries such as Nigeria. A desirable use for such a system in these areas is domestic cooking, and the burner has been designed with this need in mind, focusing on characteristics such as simplicity, cost effectiveness, efficiency and safety. Mild steel, brass and galvanized pipe sourced locally were selected for the construction. An empirical version of Bernoulli’s theorem was used to derive the flow rate of gas. The different components of the burner design were shown ...


Challenges In Covid-19 Chest X-Ray Classification: Problematic Data Or Ineffective Approaches?, Muhammad Ridzuan, Ameera Ali Bawazir, Ivo Gollini Navarrete, Ibrahim Almakky, Mohammad Yaqub Jan 2022

Challenges In Covid-19 Chest X-Ray Classification: Problematic Data Or Ineffective Approaches?, Muhammad Ridzuan, Ameera Ali Bawazir, Ivo Gollini Navarrete, Ibrahim Almakky, Mohammad Yaqub

Computer Vision Faculty Publications

The value of quick, accurate, and confident diagnoses cannot be undermined to mitigate the effects of COVID-19 infection, particularly for severe cases. Enormous effort has been put towards developing deep learning methods to classify and detect COVID-19 infections from chest radiography images. However, recently some questions have been raised surrounding the clinical viability and effectiveness of such methods. In this work, we carry out extensive experiments on a large COVID-19 chest X-ray dataset to investigate the challenges faced with creating reliable solutions from both the data and machine learning perspectives. Accordingly, we offer an in-depth discussion into the challenges faced ...


Is Contrastive Learning Suitable For Left Ventricular Segmentation In Echocardiographic Images?, Mohamed Saeed, Rand Muhtaseb, Mohammad Yaqub Jan 2022

Is Contrastive Learning Suitable For Left Ventricular Segmentation In Echocardiographic Images?, Mohamed Saeed, Rand Muhtaseb, Mohammad Yaqub

Computer Vision Faculty Publications

Contrastive learning has proven useful in many applications where access to labelled data is limited. The lack of annotated data is particularly problematic in medical image segmenta-tion as it is difficult to have clinical experts manually annotate large volumes of data. One such task is the segmentation of cardiac structures in ultrasound images of the heart. In this paper, we argue whether or not contrastive pretraining is helpful for the segmentation of the left ventricle in echocardiography images. Furthermore, we study the effect of this on two segmentation networks, DeepLabV3, as well as the commonly used segmentation net-work, UNet. Our ...


Performance Of Sensor Fusion For Vehicular Applications, Nikola Janevski Jan 2022

Performance Of Sensor Fusion For Vehicular Applications, Nikola Janevski

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Sensor fusion is a key system in Advanced Driver Assistance Systems, ADAS. The perfor-
mance of the sensor fusion depends on many factors such as the sensors used, the kinematic
model used in the Extended Kalman Filter, EKF, the motion of the vehicles, the type of
road, the density of vehicles, and the gating methods. The interactions between parameters
and the extent to which individual parameters contribute to the overall accuracy of a sensor
fusion system can be difficult to assess.
In this study, a full-factorial experimental evaluation of a sensor fusion system based
on a real vehicle was performed ...


Noise And Time Pressure Effects On Situation Awareness And Aviation Maintenance Tasks, Syaza R. M. Haris Dec 2021

Noise And Time Pressure Effects On Situation Awareness And Aviation Maintenance Tasks, Syaza R. M. Haris

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

Aircraft maintenance technicians (AMTs) working in a line maintenance work setting are very susceptible to the deafening occupational noise from the airport vicinity or the maintenance machinery itself. Compared to a base maintenance working period, a line maintenance job requires AMTs to complete a task within a short time frame. The current study's objective is to determine if different noise levels and time pressure influence AMTs' performance and situation awareness (SA). Sixteen Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University students majoring in Aviation Maintenance Science participated in a within-subject experimental design. Each participant's performance, SA level, and perceived workload were measured during ...


Lean Application: An Assessment Of 5s On Employee Attitudes And Productivity, Nickolaos Dimitrios Karvounis Dec 2021

Lean Application: An Assessment Of 5s On Employee Attitudes And Productivity, Nickolaos Dimitrios Karvounis

STEMPS Theses & Dissertations

This study examines the effect of the implementation of 5S on employee attitudes and productivity in an Asian based facility of a global manufacturing company. Utilizing an assessment of the 5S implementation in various areas of the facility and organizational performance data for each of those areas, a non-experimental, causal comparative approach is used to analyze the impact. The study concluded that statistically significant improvements from the implementation of 5S were found both in quality and product cost for this facility; however, the study also found statistical significance where the implementation of 5S led to a decrease in performance and ...


Analysis Of Energy Utilization And Losses For Jet-Propelled Vehicles, Mohammad Abbas, David W. Riggins Nov 2021

Analysis Of Energy Utilization And Losses For Jet-Propelled Vehicles, Mohammad Abbas, David W. Riggins

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The global control volume-based energy utilization balance for an aerospace vehicle is extended to allow for the analysis of jet-propelled vehicles. The methodology is first developed for analyzing the energy utilization and entropy generation characteristics of jet engines without airframe considerations. This methodology, when combined with separate energy utilization analysis for an unpowered airframe, allows for the assessment of a powered vehicle. Wake entropy generation for a powered vehicle is shown to be the summation of the wake entropy generation associated with the propulsion system (no airframe) and the unpowered airframe. The fundamental relationship between overall entropy generation and the ...


Design And Validation Of A High-Power, High Density All Silicon Carbide Three-Level Inverter, Zhongjing Wang Jul 2021

Design And Validation Of A High-Power, High Density All Silicon Carbide Three-Level Inverter, Zhongjing Wang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Transportation electrification is clearly the road toward the future. Compared to internal combustion engine, the electrified vehicle has less carbon-dioxide emission, less maintenance costs and less operation costs. It also offers higher efficiency and safety margin. More importantly, it relieves human’s dependence on conventional fossil energy. In the electrification progress, the revolution of electric traction drive systems is one of the most important milestone. The traction system should keep high efficiency to avoid performance reduction. Moreover, the motor drive should be designed within limited space without sacrificing output power rating. Based on the road map from US Drive Electrical ...


New Generation Of Performance-Engineered Asphalt Mixtures Based On Balanced Mix Design Concept, Victor Manuel Garcia May 2021

New Generation Of Performance-Engineered Asphalt Mixtures Based On Balanced Mix Design Concept, Victor Manuel Garcia

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Asphalt mixtures must ideally exhibit long-lasting durability and stability to perform wellin the field. However, improving the stability and durability of asphalt mixtures has become a major concern. Given that available design approaches rely mainly on stringent volumetric criteria for asphalt mixtures, design approaches and specifications that incorporate performance tests are needed to follow a performance-engineered mix design (PEMD) process, especially with the introduction of the balanced mix design (BMD) concept

This Dissertation study presents a comprehensive investigation of a feasible designapproach that can be implemented to develop PEMD specifications and produce BMD mixtures. An experimental evaluation of different mix ...


An Investigation Into Cognitive Radio System Performance, Courtney Hardy, Lucas F. Feather, William S. Guy May 2021

An Investigation Into Cognitive Radio System Performance, Courtney Hardy, Lucas F. Feather, William S. Guy

Honors Theses

The objective of this thesis is to explore cognitive radio performance through an in-depth literature review and an implementation of a software-defined radio prototyping system. Specifically, this thesis investigates the spectrum-sensing aspect of cognitive radio by comparing two spectrum-sensing methods. It was found in the literature review that a system utilizing matched filter detection would provide higher probability of detection in low signal-to-noise ratio environments when compared to a system utilizing energy detection. These spectrum sensing methods were thus implemented and compared in the cognitive radio systems presented in this thesis. Additionally, experiments were conducted to determine the most efficient ...


Event-Driven Servers Using Asynchronous, Non-Blocking Network I/O: Performance Evaluation Of Kqueue And Epoll, Lorcan Leonard Jan 2021

Event-Driven Servers Using Asynchronous, Non-Blocking Network I/O: Performance Evaluation Of Kqueue And Epoll, Lorcan Leonard

Dissertations

This research project evaluates the performance of kqueue and epoll in the context of event-driven servers. The evaluation is done through benchmarking and tracing which are used to measure throughput and execution time respectively. The experiment is repeated for both a virtualised and native server environment. The results from the experiment are statistically analysed and compared. These results show significant differences between kqueue and epoll, and a profound impact of virtualisation as a variable.


Escalado De La Producción De Galactooligosacáridos A Reactor Discontinuo De 3 Y 20 Litros Usando B-Galactosidasa Kluyveromyces Lactis Libre, Karolain Cortes Santamaría, María Fernanda Gómez Pineda Jan 2021

Escalado De La Producción De Galactooligosacáridos A Reactor Discontinuo De 3 Y 20 Litros Usando B-Galactosidasa Kluyveromyces Lactis Libre, Karolain Cortes Santamaría, María Fernanda Gómez Pineda

Ingeniería de Alimentos

Los galactooligosacáridos (GOS) son compuestos empleados en alimentos funcionales por su actividad prebiótica. Se obtienen por la hidrólisis de la lactosa, empleando enzimas como β- Galactosidasa. El objetivo de este proyecto fue evaluar el efecto de escalado en la producción de GOS usando β- Galactosidasa de Kluyveromyces lactis, para ello, se empleó el lactosuero descremado y desmineralizado de la industria quesera, con el fin de obtener la lactosa que es el componente de interés para ser empleado en la producción de GOS. La lactosa fue concentrada a 33% por medio de evaporador, sin embargo, los resultados de rendimiento no fueron ...


Moisture Monitoring Of A Clt Structure In A Southern Climate, Elizabeth Poblete Dec 2020

Moisture Monitoring Of A Clt Structure In A Southern Climate, Elizabeth Poblete

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Understanding of moisture behavior in cross laminated timber (CLT) is critical to the widespread use of CLT in construction in the United States. Currently, very little data exists on the long-term impact of moisture on CLT. The objective of this research is to collect data regarding the long-term moisture variation in the CLT panel at the University of Arkansas Adohi Hall residence hall. The climate of Northwest Arkansas is different from previously monitored buildings, as they were in the Pacific Northwest. Comparatively, Northwest Arkansas has a warmer climate with higher average annual precipitation. Waterproofing efforts are usually employed to prevent ...


Phonetic Algorithm Performance, Aaron Schneidereit Dec 2020

Phonetic Algorithm Performance, Aaron Schneidereit

Senior Honors Projects

AARON SCHNEIDEREIT (Computer Science BS) Phonetic Algorithm Performance Sponsors: Noah Daniels (Computer Science and Statistics) Phonetic Algorithms are used for classifying words based on their pronunciation. These algorithms are used in many text-to-speech technologies and spell-checkers to ensure that a word can be correctly recognized despite minor spelling/pronunciation errors. The process of encoding a word to its phonetic surname is known as Phonetic Matching. Since 1918, there have only been a handful of phonetic algorithms that have been created. The main three algorithms that other phonetic algorithms are built from are Soundex, New York State Identification and Intelligence System ...


Phonetic Algorithm Performance, Aaron Schneidereit Dec 2020

Phonetic Algorithm Performance, Aaron Schneidereit

Senior Honors Projects

AARON SCHNEIDEREIT (Computer Science BS) Phonetic Algorithm Performance Sponsors: Noah Daniels (Computer Science and Statistics) Phonetic Algorithms are used for classifying words based on their pronunciation. These algorithms are used in many text-to-speech technologies and spell-checkers to ensure that a word can be correctly recognized despite minor spelling/pronunciation errors. The process of encoding a word to its phonetic surname is known as Phonetic Matching. Since 1918, there have only been a handful of phonetic algorithms that have been created. The main three algorithms that other phonetic algorithms are built from are Soundex, New York State Identification and Intelligence System ...


Hbd: Towards Efficient Reactive Rule Dispatching In Software-Defined Networks, Chang Chen, Xiaohe Hu, Kai Zheng, Xiang Wang, Yang Xiang, Jun Li Oct 2020

Hbd: Towards Efficient Reactive Rule Dispatching In Software-Defined Networks, Chang Chen, Xiaohe Hu, Kai Zheng, Xiang Wang, Yang Xiang, Jun Li

Tsinghua Science and Technology

Most types of Software-Defined Networking (SDN) architectures employ reactive rule dispatching to enhance real-time network control. The rule dispatcher, as one of the key components of the network controller, generates and dispatches the cache rules with response for the packet-in messages from the forwarding devices. It is important not only for ensuring semantic integrity between the control plane and the data plane, but also for preserving the performance and efficiency of the forwarding devices. In theory, generating the optimal cache rules on demands is a knotty problem due to its high theoretical complexity. In practice, however, the characteristics lying in ...


Improvement Of Mechanical Properties, Microscopic Structures, And Antibacterial Activity By Ag/Zno Nanocomposite Powder For Glaze-Decorated Ceramic, Qian Zhang, Lv Si Xu, Xiaoyan Guo Oct 2020

Improvement Of Mechanical Properties, Microscopic Structures, And Antibacterial Activity By Ag/Zno Nanocomposite Powder For Glaze-Decorated Ceramic, Qian Zhang, Lv Si Xu, Xiaoyan Guo

Journal of Advanced Ceramics

With the increase in the international trade of ceramics, improvement in the physical and chemical properties of ceramics has become a market demand in recent years. The addition of nanomaterials in glaze can simultaneously improve the mechanical and corrosion resistance properties of ceramics. In this study, the effect of nano-sized Ag/ZnO in glazed ceramic was investigated considering the hardness, whiteness, and microscopic structures of the products. Results showed that the Ag/ZnO nanocomposite powder significantly affects the performance of glaze. Glaze hardness reached the highest value (96.6 HV) at the low sintering temperature of 1130 ℃ with the addition ...


Gpu Based Techniques For Deep Image Merging, Jesse Archer, Geoff Leach, Ron Van Schyndel Oct 2020

Gpu Based Techniques For Deep Image Merging, Jesse Archer, Geoff Leach, Ron Van Schyndel

Computational Visual Media

Deep images store multiple fragments per-pixel, each of which includes colour and depth, unlike traditional 2D flat images which store only a single colour value and possibly a depth value. Recently, deep images have found use in an increasing number of applications, including ones using transparency and compositing. A step in compositing deep images requires merging per-pixel fragment lists in depth order; little work has so far been presented on fast approaches.This paper explores GPU based merging of deep images using different memory layouts for fragment lists: linked lists, linearised arrays, and interleaved arrays. We also report performance improvements ...


On Correctness, Precision, And Performance In Quantitative Verification: Qcomp 2020 Competition Report, Carlos E. Budde, Arnd Hartmanns, Michaela Klauck, Jan Křetínský, David Parker, Tim Quatmann, Andrea Turrini, Zhen Zhang Oct 2020

On Correctness, Precision, And Performance In Quantitative Verification: Qcomp 2020 Competition Report, Carlos E. Budde, Arnd Hartmanns, Michaela Klauck, Jan Křetínský, David Parker, Tim Quatmann, Andrea Turrini, Zhen Zhang

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Quantitative verification tools compute probabilities, expected rewards, or steady-state values for formal models of stochastic and timed systems. Exact results often cannot be obtained efficiently, so most tools use floating-point arithmetic in iterative algorithms that approximate the quantity of interest. Correctness is thus defined by the desired precision and determines performance. In this paper, we report on the experimental evaluation of these trade-offs performed in QComp 2020: the second friendly competition of tools for the analysis of quantitative formal models. We survey the precision guarantees - ranging from exact rational results to statistical confidence statements - offered by the nine participating tools ...


Architectural Body: Performance As Design Methodology Facilitating Transformative Learning, Takako Hasegawa Oct 2020

Architectural Body: Performance As Design Methodology Facilitating Transformative Learning, Takako Hasegawa

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

This paper will discuss multidisciplinary and experimental pedagogical case studies that place the importance of the body firmly back into architectural education. The advanced digital technologies currently employed almost universally in architectural education generate increasingly virtual and augmented design, resulting from processes that tend to be devoid of imagination of the body. The case studies discussed in this paper involved students’ direct participation in performative acts during the design process, facilitating positive transformative learning through direct experience. These include design briefs for Chelsea College of Arts (London, UK, 2009–2013), modules for the Architectural Association School of Architecture (AA) (London ...


Hydrostatic Performance Of Reinforced Concrete Pipe For Infiltration, Lui Sammy Wong Sep 2020

Hydrostatic Performance Of Reinforced Concrete Pipe For Infiltration, Lui Sammy Wong

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Groundwater infiltration into underground sewer systems has long been a costly issue for municipalities. With reinforced concrete pipe (RCP) being a primary option for sewer systems, existing hydrostatic testing methods conducted by manufacturers to measure internal pipe pressure, as required by specifications, do not reflect in-situ external hydrostatic conditions. This thesis records the development of a novel testing method to evaluate the RCP joint performance for infiltration. The test is safe and easy to conduct by RCP producers at the factory. The test method mimics field conditions of possible RCP joint gap and joint offset. Over 100 tests were conducted ...


Human Capital And Large Scale Pv Deployment, Biswajit Ghosh Sep 2020

Human Capital And Large Scale Pv Deployment, Biswajit Ghosh

International Journal of Power System Operation and Energy Management

Energy is one of the central parameters required for human survival after food. “Knowledge is power” and renewable energy plays increasingly important role to run knowledge-based society for sustainable social and economic development. Out of these, solar photovoltaic (PV) energy system is a useful tool to run the knowledge based systems. Apart from research and development, PV systems need suitable human capital for its successful penetration into every nook and corner of the society. The main aim of the present paper is to address the quality and quantity of human capital need in future to bring the solar PV power ...


Aligning Performance Management Systems For Lasting Outcomes In Humanitarian Operations, Kalyn M. Howard Sep 2020

Aligning Performance Management Systems For Lasting Outcomes In Humanitarian Operations, Kalyn M. Howard

Theses and Dissertations

Logistics is dynamic, expansive, and critical to organizational success. While it is generally believed that effective logistics management is associated with positive performance outcomes, the links between organizational practice and performance are understudied. This dissertation leverages resource-based theory and organizational learning theory to examine organizational practice and performance in non-traditional logistics settings, with particular focus on military organizations and humanitarian operational settings. First, a meta-analytical study establishes generalizable associations between various operations management practices and performance outcomes. Then, this is applied to dynamic humanitarian logistics settings, exploring how practitioners perceive practice and performance, and how this is reported and documented ...


Biodiesel As An Alternate Fuel In A Diesel Engine With The Cooled Exhaust Gas Recirculation–A Measure To Reduce Harmful Emissions, S. Adinarayana Aug 2020

Biodiesel As An Alternate Fuel In A Diesel Engine With The Cooled Exhaust Gas Recirculation–A Measure To Reduce Harmful Emissions, S. Adinarayana

International Journal of Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering

Biodiesels reduce the emissions like HC, CO and particulate matter to minimum possible extent. But the NOx emissions increase because of the reason that the biodiesel is an oxygenated fuel. To contain this particular emission which is responsible for the human health degradation, acid rain, smog creation etc., the Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) technique is resorted to. In this paper, a laboratory based DI diesel engine is run with neat biodiesel (Jatropha Methyl Ester) and cooled EGR which replaces a part of incoming air during suction. Various percentages (viz.0%, 7%, and 14%) of EGR were practiced to investigate the ...


Simulation And Analysis Of Impact Of Buffering Of Voice Calls In Integrated Voice And Data Communication System, V M. Chavan, M M. Kuber, R J. Mukhedkar Aug 2020

Simulation And Analysis Of Impact Of Buffering Of Voice Calls In Integrated Voice And Data Communication System, V M. Chavan, M M. Kuber, R J. Mukhedkar

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

Queuing theory and Markov chain analysis plays vital role in analyzing real-life problems. It is applied to wired network, wireless network and mobile communication to analyze the packet traffic in packet switched network. In this simulation and analysis, integrated communication system such as voice and data is simulated with different queue size for voice calls with different arrival and service rate and its results are analyzed to study the impact of buffering of voice and data calls for the proposed integrated wired network using Queuing theory and Markov chain analysis. We also propose to optimize the system characteristics in an ...


Efficient And Secure Authentication By Using 3-Path Transmission In Ad Hoc Networks, Vetri Selvi . S, Purus Hothaman Aug 2020

Efficient And Secure Authentication By Using 3-Path Transmission In Ad Hoc Networks, Vetri Selvi . S, Purus Hothaman

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

Ad hoc networks are created dynamically and maintained by the individual nodes comprising the network. They do not require a pre-existing architecture for communication purposes and do not rely on any form of wired infrastructure; in an ad hoc network all communication occurs through a wireless median. The design and management of ad-hoc networks is significantly a challenging one when compared to contemporary networks. Authenticating the multicast session is an important one. To authenticate several factors should be considered, major issue are resource constraints and the wireless links. In addition to being resource efficient and robust, security solution must be ...


A Novel Review On Routing Protocols In Manets, Robinpreet Kaur, Mritunjay Kumar Rai Aug 2020

A Novel Review On Routing Protocols In Manets, Robinpreet Kaur, Mritunjay Kumar Rai

Undergraduate Academic Research Journal

Mobile means moving and ad hoc means temporary without any fixed infrastructure so mobile ad hoc networks are a kind of temporary networks in which nodes are moving without any fixed infrastructure or centralized administration. MANETs are generating lots of interest due to their dynamic topology and decentralized administration. Due to the diverse applications which use MANETs for wireless roaming it is a current research issue. There are different aspects which are taken for research like routing, synchronization, power consumption, bandwidth considerations etc. This paper concentrates on routing techniques which is the most challenging issue due to the dynamic topology ...