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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Performance Simulation And Evaluation Of Net Zero Energy Buildings In An Australian Coastal Climate, Joel Anderson, Duane A. Robinson, Zhenjun Ma Jan 2019

Performance Simulation And Evaluation Of Net Zero Energy Buildings In An Australian Coastal Climate, Joel Anderson, Duane A. Robinson, Zhenjun Ma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Net zero energy buildings (NZEB) are becoming more common, and as new energy saving designs and technologies become available, the ability to estimate overall energy use and understand the impact on operation of building appliances will become important. This paper outlines simulation results of performance improvements achieved by modifying various components (glazing, lighting, thermal comfort settings) of two tertiary education NZEBs and a typical modern commercial building. The DesignBuilder models' thermal performance and energy consumption were validated using real data from case study buildings. The work shows validating models of smaller, less conven-tional, buildings is more difficult than for larger ...


Use Of Geogrids And Recycled Rubber In Railroad Infrastructure For Enhanced Performance, Buddhima Indraratna, Yujie Qi, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Tim Neville, Fernanda Bessa Ferreira, Amir Shahkolahi Jan 2019

Use Of Geogrids And Recycled Rubber In Railroad Infrastructure For Enhanced Performance, Buddhima Indraratna, Yujie Qi, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Tim Neville, Fernanda Bessa Ferreira, Amir Shahkolahi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Railway tracks are conventionally built on compacted ballast and structural fill layers placed above the natural (subgrade) foundation. However, during train operations, track deteriorations occur progressively due to ballast degradation. The associated track deformation is usually accompanied by a reduction in both load bearing capacity and drainage, apart from imposing frequent track maintenance. Suitable ground improvement techniques involving plastic inclusions (e.g., geogrids) and energy absorbing materials (e.g., rubber products) to enhance the stability and longevity of tracks have become increasingly popular. This paper presents the outcomes from innovative research and development measures into the use of plastic and ...


The Effect Of Communication And Vehicle Properties On The Search Performance Of A Swarm Of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Jenna E. Newcomb, Andrew Ning Jan 2019

The Effect Of Communication And Vehicle Properties On The Search Performance Of A Swarm Of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Jenna E. Newcomb, Andrew Ning

All Faculty Publications

An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) swarm allows for a more time-efficient method of searching a specified area than a single UAV or piloted plane. There are a variety of factors that affect how well an area is surveyed. We specifically analyzed the effect both vehicle properties and communication had on the swarm search performance. We used non-dimensionalization to examine the effect vehicle properties had on search performance so the results can be applied to any domain size with any number and type of vehicle. We found that even if vehicles could only sense 10% of the grid area at any ...


Speech Interfaces And Pilot Performance: A Meta-Analysis, Kenneth A. Ward Jan 2019

Speech Interfaces And Pilot Performance: A Meta-Analysis, Kenneth A. Ward

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

As the aviation industry modernizes, new technology and interfaces must support growing aircraft complexity without increasing pilot workload. Natural language processing presents just such a simple and intuitive interface, yet the performance implications for use by pilots remain unknown. A meta-analysis was conducted to understand performance effects of using speech and voice interfaces in a series of pilot task analogs. The inclusion criteria selected studies that involved participants performing a demanding primary task, such as driving, while interacting with a vehicle system to enter numbers, dial radios, or enter a navigation destination. Compared to manual system interfaces, voice interfaces reduced ...


A Commodity Trading Model Based On A Neural Network-Expert System Hybrid, K. Bergerson, Donald C. Wunsch Oct 2018

A Commodity Trading Model Based On A Neural Network-Expert System Hybrid, K. Bergerson, Donald C. Wunsch

Donald C. Wunsch

Demonstrates a system that combines a neural network approach with an expert system to provide superior performance compared to either approach alone. Learning capability is provided in a software-based approach to commodity trading systems. The authors used the backpropagation network with some parameters selected experimentally. They used a human expert to implicitly define patterns, using hindsight, that an intelligent system might have been able to use for an accurate prediction. Desired outputs were found by a combination of observing the behavior of technical indices that normally precede a certain kind of market behavior, and by observing the actual market behavior ...


Effects Of Lighting And Noise On Performance And Situation Awareness In An Air Traffic Control Task, Saralee Pruksaritanon, Andrew Dattel Ph.D., Steven Hampton Ed.D. Aug 2018

Effects Of Lighting And Noise On Performance And Situation Awareness In An Air Traffic Control Task, Saralee Pruksaritanon, Andrew Dattel Ph.D., Steven Hampton Ed.D.

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

Work environment influences an individual’s performance and situation awareness (SA). This study aims to investigate the effects of lighting and noise levels on performance and situation awareness in an air traffic control (ATC) task. These two variables are important in the domain of ATC because the task requires an individual to receive and process information both visually and auditorily. The results are useful for designing air traffic control rooms, which are set differently among different air navigation service providers. The subjects are 16 students majoring in Air Traffic Management (ATM) at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU) – Daytona Beach, FL. The ...


The Effects Of The Flyer Plate's Radius Of Curvature On The Performance Of An Explosively Formed Projectile, Phillip R. Mulligan, Jason Baird, Joshua Hoffman Aug 2018

The Effects Of The Flyer Plate's Radius Of Curvature On The Performance Of An Explosively Formed Projectile, Phillip R. Mulligan, Jason Baird, Joshua Hoffman

Phillip R. Mulligan

An explosively formed projectile (EFP) is known for its ability to penetrate vehicle armor effectively. Understanding how an EFP’s physical parameters affect its performance is crucial to development of armor capable of defeating such devices. The present study uses two flyer plate radii of curvature to identify the experimental effects of the flyer plate’s radius of curvature on the measured projectile velocity, depth of penetration, and projectile shape. The Gurney equation is an algebraic relationship for estimating the velocity imparted to a metal plate in contact with detonating explosives. The authors of this research used a form of ...


Determination Of Takeoff And Landing Distances Using An Ipad Performance Application For The Diamond Da40, Tyler A. Babb, Christina Hiers Aug 2018

Determination Of Takeoff And Landing Distances Using An Ipad Performance Application For The Diamond Da40, Tyler A. Babb, Christina Hiers

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

All pilots are required to calculate aircraft performance parameters prior to flight. This includes takeoff and landing distances. Traditionally, pilots in training have planned for takeoff and landing performance using paper charts provided by the manufacturer. However, professional pilots use devices such as Flight Management Systems (FMS), Electronic Flight Bag (EFB) applications, or on-board performance computers (OPC) to make such calculations. During primary flight training, student pilots could make performance calculations with proper software, similar to the method they will typically use at the professional level. Recently an iPad application was released which can calculate numerous performance parameters for specific ...


Impact Of The Application Layer Protocol On Energy Consumption, 4g Utilization And Performance How The Application Layer Protocol Strengthens Green Iot, Sachin Pawaskar, Johannes Hofer Jul 2018

Impact Of The Application Layer Protocol On Energy Consumption, 4g Utilization And Performance How The Application Layer Protocol Strengthens Green Iot, Sachin Pawaskar, Johannes Hofer

Sachin Pawaskar

The IoT communication over our data highways is growing tremendously. In future many device and machine manufacturers will transmit data from customer end-devices to data centers to improve and change the products to the customer’s needs. The focus of the next decades will be on reducing energy consumption and data overhead in order to keep utilization of 4G/5G networks low. This paper analyzes two different communication approaches often used in IoT scenarios. The benchmark compares the protocol MQTT against the RESTful approach which is based on HTTP(s) in terms of energy consumption and performance. The results of ...


Re-Evaluating Performance Measurement: New Mathematical Methods To Address Common Performance Measurement Challenges, Jordan David Benis May 2018

Re-Evaluating Performance Measurement: New Mathematical Methods To Address Common Performance Measurement Challenges, Jordan David Benis

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Performance Measurement is an essential discipline for any business. Robust and reliable performance metrics for people, processes, and technologies enable a business to identify and address deficiencies to improve performance and profitability. The complexity of modern operating environments presents real challenges to developing equitable and accurate performance metrics. This thesis explores and develops two new methods to address common challenges encountered in businesses across the world. The first method addresses the challenge of estimating the relative complexity of various tasks by utilizing the Pearson Correlation Coefficient to identify potentially over weighted and under weighted tasks. The second method addresses the ...


Effective Resource Utilization In Arkansas Public Schools, Ryan Sanders May 2018

Effective Resource Utilization In Arkansas Public Schools, Ryan Sanders

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Teacher pay in Arkansas public schools varies widely from district to district across the state. This pay discrepancy is driven by both the funds available to a district and by how these funds are allocated. There is a standard per student budget given to districts across the state, but this budget can be supplemented by additional property taxes collected on property within a district. This leaves districts with more highly valued property at an advantage. Districts are free to allocate their budget for teacher pay as they see fit, with constraints on number of students per teacher and minimum teacher ...


Effect Of Alf3-Coated Li4ti5o12 On The Performance And Function Of The Lini0.5mn1.5o4||Li4ti5o12 Full Battery-An In-Operando Neutron Powder Diffraction Study, Gemeng Liang, Anoop Somanathan Pillai Sushamakumari Amma, Vanessa K. Peterson, Kuan-Yu Ko, Chia-Ming Chang, Cheng-Zhang Lu, Chia-Erh Liu, Shih-Chieh Liao, Jin-Ming Chen, Zaiping Guo, Wei Kong Pang Jan 2018

Effect Of Alf3-Coated Li4ti5o12 On The Performance And Function Of The Lini0.5mn1.5o4||Li4ti5o12 Full Battery-An In-Operando Neutron Powder Diffraction Study, Gemeng Liang, Anoop Somanathan Pillai Sushamakumari Amma, Vanessa K. Peterson, Kuan-Yu Ko, Chia-Ming Chang, Cheng-Zhang Lu, Chia-Erh Liu, Shih-Chieh Liao, Jin-Ming Chen, Zaiping Guo, Wei Kong Pang

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

The LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4||Li4Ti5O12(LMNO||LTO) battery possesses a relatively-high energy density and cycle performance, with further enhancement possible by application of an AlF3coating on the LTO electrode particles. We measure the performance enhancement to the LMNO||LTO battery achieved by a AlF3coating on the LTO particles through electrochemical testing and use in-operando neutron powder diffraction to study the changes to the evolution of the bulk crystal structure during battery cycling. We find that the AlF3coating along with parasitic Al doping slightly increases capacity and greatly increases rate capability of the LTO electrode, as well as significantly reducing capacity ...


Influence Of Particle Gradation And Shape On The Performance Of Stone Columns In Soft Clay, Firman Siahaan, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Ana Heitor Jan 2018

Influence Of Particle Gradation And Shape On The Performance Of Stone Columns In Soft Clay, Firman Siahaan, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Ana Heitor

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

A stone column typically consists of particles whose influence has largely been overlooked in design practice in terms of stress transfer, pattern of deformation, and intrusion of fines (clogging). This article presents an experimental study on the load-deformation behavior of a model stone column installed in soft clay with a particular emphasis on the influence of particle gradation and shape under undrained loading. The results show that particle gradation and shape have a significant influence on the load-deformation behavior and the extent of fines intrusion into the stone columns. Relatively well-graded particle sizes favor the development of higher peak shear ...


Performance Evaluation And Lubrication Mechanism Of Water-Based Nanolubricants Containing Nano-Tio2 In Hot Steel Rolling, Hui Wu, Jingwei Zhao, Liang Luo, Shuiquan Huang, Lianzhou Wang, Suoquan Zhang, Sihai Jiao, Han Huang, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2018

Performance Evaluation And Lubrication Mechanism Of Water-Based Nanolubricants Containing Nano-Tio2 In Hot Steel Rolling, Hui Wu, Jingwei Zhao, Liang Luo, Shuiquan Huang, Lianzhou Wang, Suoquan Zhang, Sihai Jiao, Han Huang, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Hot rolling tests of a low-alloy steel were conducted at a rolling temperature of 850 °C under different lubrication conditions, including benchmarks (dry condition and water) and water-based nanolubricants containing different concentrations of nano-TiO2 from 1.0 to 8.0 wt%. The effects of nanolubricants on rolling force, surface roughness, thickness of oxide scale, and microstructure were systematically investigated through varying nano-TiO2 concentrations. The results show that the application of nanolubricants can decrease the rolling force, surface roughness and oxide scale thickness of rolled steels, and refine ferrite grains. In particular, the nanolubricant containing an optimal concentration (4 ...


First In Vitro Evidence Of Modulated Electro-Hyperthermia Treatment Performance In Combination With Megavoltage Radiation By Clonogenic Assay, Marjorie Mcdonald, Stephanie Corde, Michael L. F Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Michael A. Jackson, Moeava Tehei Jan 2018

First In Vitro Evidence Of Modulated Electro-Hyperthermia Treatment Performance In Combination With Megavoltage Radiation By Clonogenic Assay, Marjorie Mcdonald, Stephanie Corde, Michael L. F Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Michael A. Jackson, Moeava Tehei

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Modulated electro-hyperthermia (mEHT) is a form of hyperthermia used in the treatment of cancer. It is a variation that relies on a particular form of enhanced selectivity to enable more effective cancerous cell death yet maintaining the integrity of healthy non-cancerous cells. It is yet to successfully make the major step into the wider medical community despite several encouraging trials. In this study, we investigate mEHT from an in vitro perspective. We demonstrate a supra-additive effect on 9 L gliosarcoma cells when exposed to mEHT in combination with MV X-ray radiation. The supra-additive effect is hypothesized to be induced by ...


Building Information Modeling (Bim) Impact On Construction Performance, David D. John Jan 2018

Building Information Modeling (Bim) Impact On Construction Performance, David D. John

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study is designed to address the need for having a measure for Construction Performance on BIM-assisted construction projects. Through this study a new Construction Key Performance Indicator (CKPI) matrix is identified and created by the author. The CKPI could be used to assess BIM-assisted projects. Utilizing a sequential mixed methodology approach, academic and practitioner perspectives are assessed. A qualitative content analysis and quantitative descriptive analysis based on demographics are conducted to establish a better understanding of BIM and Construction Performance. The academic perspective is used to assess the relevance of BIMM and CKPI indicators, and the practitioner perspective is ...


Investigation On The Catalytic Performance Of Reduced‐Graphene‐Oxide‐Interpolated Fes2 And Fes For Oxygen Reduction Reaction, Hengyi Fang, Taizhong Huang, Jianfeng Mao, Shuo Yao, M Dinesh, Yue Sun, Dong Liang, Lei Qi, Jiemei Yu, Zhankun Jiang Jan 2018

Investigation On The Catalytic Performance Of Reduced‐Graphene‐Oxide‐Interpolated Fes2 And Fes For Oxygen Reduction Reaction, Hengyi Fang, Taizhong Huang, Jianfeng Mao, Shuo Yao, M Dinesh, Yue Sun, Dong Liang, Lei Qi, Jiemei Yu, Zhankun Jiang

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) plays a key role in many kinds of energy conversion and energy storage devices, especially in fuel cells. Developing low-cost, easily prepared, and high-efficiency catalysts is a crucial factor for the large-scale applications of fuel cells. Herein, we report the reduced graphene oxide (rGO) interpolated FeS2and FeS as low cost and high performance electrocatalyst for ORR in the alkaline electrolyte. Cyclic voltammetry tests indicate that the onset potential of the ORR for FeS2@rGO is −0.142 V, which is close to the state-of-the-art commercial Pt/C (-0.114 V) catalyst. A low Tafel slope ...


A Proposed Approach To Hybrid Software-Hardware Application Design For Enhanced Application Performance, Alex Shipman Jan 2018

A Proposed Approach To Hybrid Software-Hardware Application Design For Enhanced Application Performance, Alex Shipman

Theses and Dissertations

One important aspect of many commercial computer systems is their performance; therefore, system designers seek to improve the performance next-generation systems with respect to previous generations. This could mean improved computational performance, reduced power consumption leading to better battery life in mobile devices, smaller form factors, or improvements in many areas. In terms of increased system speed and computation performance, processor manufacturers have been able to increase the clock frequency of processors up to a point, but now it is more common to seek performance gains through increased parallelism (such as a processor having more processor cores on a single ...


Economic And Performance Analysis Of Dual-Bay Vertical Lift Modules, Fabio Sgarbossa, Martina Calzavara, Alessandro Persona Jan 2018

Economic And Performance Analysis Of Dual-Bay Vertical Lift Modules, Fabio Sgarbossa, Martina Calzavara, Alessandro Persona

15th IMHRC Proceedings (Savannah, Georgia. USA – 2018)

Warehouse picking is one of the most time and cost consuming activities in a warehouse, often requiring the presence of human operators, who travel within the aisles to retrieve the items needed by the customers. Several studies demonstrate that the travelling activity can represent even the 50% of the total picking time, with a subsequent creation of a separate storage and picking area for small objects. In the last years, new solutions for order picking systems have been developed, especially for small items. One of these solutions requires Vertical Lift Modules (VLMs), storage columns with extractable trays. In this paper ...


Differences In The Throughput Performance Of The Warehouse Depending On The Quality Of The Calculation Parameters, David Sourek Jan 2018

Differences In The Throughput Performance Of The Warehouse Depending On The Quality Of The Calculation Parameters, David Sourek

15th IMHRC Proceedings (Savannah, Georgia. USA – 2018)

This article explores the quality level of the parameters that are used to determine the throughput performance of the warehouse. In our model case, this is a rack warehouse where the storage and picking of goods is ensured by forklifts. All kind of goods are stored on pallets. The aim of our research is to assess to what extent the quality level (accuracy) of the description of warehouse processes influences the accuracy of the determination of the throughput performance of the warehouse. In the first part of the article, we defined the parameters and the ways in which different levels ...


Frequency Domain Characterization And Performance Bounds Of Alms Loop For Rf Self-Interference Cancellation, Anh Tuyen Le, Le Chung Tran, Xiaojing Huang, Y J. Guo, J (Yiannis) Vardaxoglou Jan 2018

Frequency Domain Characterization And Performance Bounds Of Alms Loop For Rf Self-Interference Cancellation, Anh Tuyen Le, Le Chung Tran, Xiaojing Huang, Y J. Guo, J (Yiannis) Vardaxoglou

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Analog Least Mean Square (ALMS) loop is a promising method to cancel self-interference (SI) in in-band fullduplex (IBFD) systems. In this paper, the steady state analyses of the residual SI powers in both analog and digital domains are firstly derived. Eigenvalue decomposition is then utilized to investigate the frequency domain characteristics of the ALMS loop. Our frequency domain analyses prove that the ALMS loop has an effect of amplifying the frequency components of the residual SI at the edges of the signal spectrum in the analog domain. However, the matched filter in the receiver chain will reduce this effect, resulting ...


A Two-Level Clustering Strategy For Energy Performance Evaluation Of University Buildings, Kehua Li, Zhenjun Ma, Duane A. Robinson, Jun Ma Jan 2018

A Two-Level Clustering Strategy For Energy Performance Evaluation Of University Buildings, Kehua Li, Zhenjun Ma, Duane A. Robinson, Jun Ma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents a clustering strategy to evaluate the energy performance and identify typical daily load profiles of buildings. The cluster analysis included intra-building clustering and inter-building clustering. The intra-building clustering used Gaussian mixture model clustering to identify the typical daily load profiles of each individual building. The inter-building clustering used hierarchical clustering to further identify the typical daily load profiles of a stock of buildings based on the typical daily load profiles identified for each individual building. The performance of this strategy was tested and evaluated using the two-year hourly electricity consumption data collected from 40 buildings on a ...


Automated Program Profiling And Analysis For Managing Heterogeneous Memory Systems, Adam Palmer Howard Dec 2017

Automated Program Profiling And Analysis For Managing Heterogeneous Memory Systems, Adam Palmer Howard

Masters Theses

Many promising memory technologies, such as non-volatile, storage-class memories and high-bandwidth, on-chip RAMs, are beginning to emerge. Since each of these new technologies present tradeoffs distinct from conventional DRAMs, next-generation systems are likely to include multiple tiers of memory storage, each with their own type of devices. To efficiently utilize the available hardware, such systems will need to alter their data management strategies to consider the performance and capabilities provided by each tier.

This work explores a variety of cross-layer strategies for managing application data in heterogeneous memory systems. We propose different program profiling-based techniques to automatically partition program allocation ...


Simplified Models Of Fault Effects On Unitary Air-Conditioning Equipment For Use In Building Simulation Tools, David Yuill, Mehdi Mehrabi Aug 2017

Simplified Models Of Fault Effects On Unitary Air-Conditioning Equipment For Use In Building Simulation Tools, David Yuill, Mehdi Mehrabi

David Yuill

Building performance models most typically do not account for equipment faults, even though such faults are believed to significantly impact performance. One reason is that fault effects on performance are not very well understood, and can be quite complex to model. To address this situation, the current paper provides a summary of known empirical studies of fault effects on air-cooled unitary equipment. The summary includes three important performance parameters – capacity, efficiency, and sensible heat ratio – for three common fault types. Statistical analyses have been used to provide simplified models that can be programmed into building simulation software


Performance Analysis Of Organizations As Complex Systems., William C. Harrington Jr. May 2017

Performance Analysis Of Organizations As Complex Systems., William C. Harrington Jr.

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation provides a method for evaluating the difference in performance after an organization makes a change while considering the stochastic nature in which it operates. A procedure that uses simulation to estimate outcomes by adjusting controllable parameters and leaving uncontrolled parameters unadjusted is proposed. As healthcare organizations are considered as highly complex systems, a case study involving a scheduling tactic change in the mother-baby service line of a hospital is used to demonstrate application of this procedure. The goal in the case study was to reduce delays in transitioning care of mother patients from the labor and delivery unit ...


Modification Of Lsf-Ysz Composite Cathodes By Atomic Layer Deposition, M. Rahmanipour, Yuan Cheng, Tzia M. Onn, A. Donazzi, John M. Vohs, Raymond J. Gorte Jan 2017

Modification Of Lsf-Ysz Composite Cathodes By Atomic Layer Deposition, M. Rahmanipour, Yuan Cheng, Tzia M. Onn, A. Donazzi, John M. Vohs, Raymond J. Gorte

Departmental Papers (CBE)

composite, Solid-Oxide-Fuel-Cell (SOFC) electrodes of La0.8Sr0.2FeO3 (LSF) and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) were prepared by infiltration methods and then modified by Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) of ZrO2, La2O3, Fe2O3, or La2O3-Fe2O3 codeposited films of different thicknesses to determine the effect of surface composition on cathode performance. Film growth rates for ALD performed using vacuum procedures at 573 K for Fe2O3 and 523 K for ZrO2 and La2O3 were determined to be 0.024 ...


Ag-Mg Antisite Defect Induced High Thermoelectric Performance Of Α-Mgagsb, Zhenzhen Feng, Jihua Zhang, Yuli Yan, Guangbiao Zhang, Chao Wang, Chengxiao Peng, Fengzhu Ren, Yuan Xu Wang, Zhenxiang Cheng Jan 2017

Ag-Mg Antisite Defect Induced High Thermoelectric Performance Of Α-Mgagsb, Zhenzhen Feng, Jihua Zhang, Yuli Yan, Guangbiao Zhang, Chao Wang, Chengxiao Peng, Fengzhu Ren, Yuan Xu Wang, Zhenxiang Cheng

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

Engineering atomic-scale native point defects has become an attractive strategy to improve the performance of thermoelectric materials. Here, we theoretically predict that Ag-Mg antisite defects as shallow acceptors can be more stable than other intrinsic defects under Mg-poor-Ag/Sb-rich conditions. Under more Mg-rich conditions, Ag vacancy dominates the intrinsic defects. The p-type conduction behavior of experimentally synthesized ¿-MgAgSb mainly comes from Ag vacancies and Ag antisites (Ag on Mg sites), which act as shallow acceptors. Ag-Mg antisite defects significantly increase the thermoelectric performance of ¿-MgAgSb by increasing the number of band valleys near the Fermi level. For Li-doped ¿-MgAgSb, under ...


Ultra-Light And Flexible Pencil-Trace Anode For High Performance Potassium-Ion And Lithium-Ion Batteries, Zhixin Tai, Yajie Liu, Qing Zhang, Tengfei Zhou, Zaiping Guo, Hua-Kun Liu, Shi Xue Dou Jan 2017

Ultra-Light And Flexible Pencil-Trace Anode For High Performance Potassium-Ion And Lithium-Ion Batteries, Zhixin Tai, Yajie Liu, Qing Zhang, Tengfei Zhou, Zaiping Guo, Hua-Kun Liu, Shi Xue Dou

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

Engineering design of battery configurations and new battery system development are alternative approaches to achieve high performance batteries. A novel flexible and ultra-light graphite anode is fabricated by simple friction drawing on filter paper with a commercial 8B pencil. Compared with the traditional anode using copper foil as current collector, this innovative current-collector-free design presents capacity improvement of over 200% by reducing the inert weight of the electrode. The as-prepared pencil-trace electrode exhibits excellent rate performance in potassium-ion batteries (KIBs), significantly better than in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), with capacity retention of 66% for the KIB vs. 28% for the LIB ...


We’Ll See You Guys Back On The Internet: Live Performance On And Off-Line, Ash Renee Sedillo Jan 2017

We’Ll See You Guys Back On The Internet: Live Performance On And Off-Line, Ash Renee Sedillo

Theatre and Dance Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis illuminates the world of YouTube culture by analyzing how both fans and content creators use liveness as a way to connect to each other and create a holistic community experience. YouTube, and YouTube fan culture, complicates liveness by creating several different live experiences (both digital and IRL), often at the same time. YouTube content creators are skilled at utilizing both new technology and older forms of live performance to engage their audiences and provide an unexpected live experience. In this thesis I will explore how liveness entwines both creator and audience in a variety of platforms, including purely ...


Performance Evaluation Of A Novel Frost-Free Air-Source Heat Pump Integrated With Phase Change Materials (Pcms) And Dehumidification, Zhihua Wang, Fenghao Wang, Zhenjun Ma, Chun Li, Yibo Xu Jan 2017

Performance Evaluation Of A Novel Frost-Free Air-Source Heat Pump Integrated With Phase Change Materials (Pcms) And Dehumidification, Zhihua Wang, Fenghao Wang, Zhenjun Ma, Chun Li, Yibo Xu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Air-source heat pump (ASHP) has been widely used in domestic and commercial buildings because of its energy savings, high efficiency and environmental friendliness. However, the heating capacity of an ASHP system is greatly influenced by the frost accumulation on the surface of the outdoor exchanger. To solve this problem, a novel frost-free ASHP system, integrating with Phase Change Materials (PCMs) and dehumidification, has been developed. In this paper, the schematic design of this system is first presented. The effect of the match relationship between the desiccant materials and PCM thermal energy storage on the performance of the novel system is ...