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Articles 1 - 30 of 423

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Emergency Eye Simulation Model, Gavin L. Warrington, Christopher Forsyth, Lexus Morris, Natalie Ledezma May 2020

Emergency Eye Simulation Model, Gavin L. Warrington, Christopher Forsyth, Lexus Morris, Natalie Ledezma

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Thermal Chemical Energy Storage, William Miller, Samuel Swayne, Jonathan West, John Davis, James Mcbroom, Tennessee Bryant May 2020

Thermal Chemical Energy Storage, William Miller, Samuel Swayne, Jonathan West, John Davis, James Mcbroom, Tennessee Bryant

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Neuro-Fuzzy Modeling For Predictive Control Systems With Complex Technological Processes And Production, Yusupbekov Nodirbek, Shukhrat Gulyamov, Malika Doshchanova Feb 2020

Neuro-Fuzzy Modeling For Predictive Control Systems With Complex Technological Processes And Production, Yusupbekov Nodirbek, Shukhrat Gulyamov, Malika Doshchanova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The paper implements a modification of a fuzzy neural network, which is suitable for predictive control purposes. Adaptation of a multidimensional programmable controller based on a neural algorithm for the back propagation of forecasting errors is proposed, as well as neural parametric identification of a fuzzy mathematical model of complex technological processes and production based on experimental data and expert estimates.


Miniature Photogrammetry Rig, Alec Geither, Sean Weber Jan 2020

Miniature Photogrammetry Rig, Alec Geither, Sean Weber

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Photogrammetry is a process that accurately gathers measurements from multiple photographs, capturing all sides and angles of the object. As long as a point is visible in at least three different photographs, its position can be triangulated accurately relative to each other point on the model. This process has a diverse range of applications, from surveying land to developing virtual training systems for professional athletes. One interesting application for photogrammetry is to create highly accurate electronic three-dimensional models from a series of photographs. We intend to build a miniature photogrammetry rig for use at the University of Akron.


Modelling The Addition Of Limestone In Cement Using Hydcem, Niall Holmes, Denis Kelliher, Mark Tyrer Sep 2019

Modelling The Addition Of Limestone In Cement Using Hydcem, Niall Holmes, Denis Kelliher, Mark Tyrer

Conference papers

Hydration models can aid in the prediction, understanding and description of hydration behaviour over time as the move towards more sustainable cements continues.

HYDCEM is a new model to predict the phase assemblage, degree of hydration and heat release over time for cements undergoing hydration for any w/c ratio and curing temperatures up to 450C. HYDCEM, written in MATLAB, complements more sophisticated thermodynamic models by predicting these properties over time using user-friendly inputs within one code. A number of functions and methods based on up to date cement hydration behaviour from the literature are hard-wired into the code along ...


Model Based Analysis Of The Accuracy And Precision Of Auscultatory Blood Pressure Measurements In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Charles F. Babbs Sep 2019

Model Based Analysis Of The Accuracy And Precision Of Auscultatory Blood Pressure Measurements In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Charles F. Babbs

Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering Faculty Working Papers

Accurate measurement of blood pressure in the presence of atrial fibrillation remains an open problem. The present study combines the techniques of stochastic mathematical modeling with physiological models of the systemic circulation, cuff, and arm (1) to explore mechanisms underlying both the lack of accuracy and the lack of precision in cuff-based arterial pressure measurements during atrial fibrillation and (2) to develop strategies to correct for errors. Both the cardiovascular system and the measurement technique are described using mathematics, including both numerical techniques and analytical probability theory. Preliminary results with numerical models suggested that, despite variability, average systolic pressures tend ...


On The Formation Of The Variational Equation Of Motion And Boundary Value Problems Of Thin-Walled Axisymmetric Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov, N.H. Sabirov Aug 2019

On The Formation Of The Variational Equation Of Motion And Boundary Value Problems Of Thin-Walled Axisymmetric Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov, N.H. Sabirov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The article deals, on the basis of the Hamilton-Ostrogradsky variational principle, a system of differential equations of motion of axisymmetric shell structures with the corresponding boundary and initial conditions is derived. The boundary problem for cylindrical and spherical shell structures is formulated


On The Construction Of Canonical Systems Of Equations For Cylindrical And Spherical Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov Aug 2019

On The Construction Of Canonical Systems Of Equations For Cylindrical And Spherical Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In this article is given the construction of canonical systems, the equation of motion for axisymmetric shell structures, as well as for cylindrical and spherical shells


Hydcem: A New Cement Hydration Model, Niall Holmes, Denis Kelliher, Mark Tyrer Aug 2019

Hydcem: A New Cement Hydration Model, Niall Holmes, Denis Kelliher, Mark Tyrer

Conference papers

Hydration models are useful to predict, understand and describe the behaviour of different cementitious-based systems. They are indispensable for undertaking long-term performance and service life predictions for existing and new products for generating quantitative data in the move towards more sustainable cements while optimising natural resources. One such application is the development of cement-based thermoelectric applications.

HYDCEM is a new model to predict the phase assemblage, degree of hydration, heat release and changes in pore solution chemistry over time for cements undergoing hydration for any w/c ratio and curing temperatures up to 450C. HYDCEM, written in MATLAB, is aimed ...


A Novel Approach To Measure, Understand, And Assess The Thermal Environment In Grow-Finish Swine Facilities, Brett Carlos Ramirez Aug 2019

A Novel Approach To Measure, Understand, And Assess The Thermal Environment In Grow-Finish Swine Facilities, Brett Carlos Ramirez

Brett Ramirez

The thermal environment (TE) inside swine production systems substantially affects animal performance as well as facility natural resource usage; hence, our measurement, understanding, and assessment of the TE must be advanced to sustainably meet the animal-protein demand of the growing global population. The TE describes the parameters that influence heat exchange between an animal and its surroundings, with maximum animal performance achieved when minimal thermoregulatory effort is required. Instrumentation and analysis techniques connecting the impact of the TE on total heat loss and subsequently, to animal performance in intensive housing systems are limited. Therefore, the goals of this dissertation research ...


Oxytree Pruned Biomass Torrefaction: Mathematical Models Of The Influence Of Temperature And Residence Time On Fuel Properties Improvement, Kacper Świechowski, Marek Liszewski, Przemysław Bąbelewski, Jacek A. Koziel, Andrzej Białowiec Jul 2019

Oxytree Pruned Biomass Torrefaction: Mathematical Models Of The Influence Of Temperature And Residence Time On Fuel Properties Improvement, Kacper Świechowski, Marek Liszewski, Przemysław Bąbelewski, Jacek A. Koziel, Andrzej Białowiec

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Biowaste generated in the process of Oxytree cultivation and logging represents a potential source of energy. Torrefaction (a.k.a. low-temperature pyrolysis) is one of the methods proposed for the valorization of woody biomass. Still, energy is required for the torrefaction process during which the raw biomass becomes torrefied biomass with fuel properties similar to those of lignite coal. In this work, models describing the influence of torrefaction temperature and residence time on the resulting fuel properties (mass and energy yields, energy densification ratio, organic matter and ash content, combustible parts, lower and higher heating values, CHONS content, H:C ...


A Model For Condensation Heat Transfer In Hydrophobic-­Hydrophilic Surfaces, Abdulwahab E. Alhashem Jul 2019

A Model For Condensation Heat Transfer In Hydrophobic-­Hydrophilic Surfaces, Abdulwahab E. Alhashem

Theses and Dissertations

The primary focus of this research is to provide a validated model for a comprehensive understanding of hydrophobic-­‐hydrophilic condensation on patterned-­‐ hybrid surface. Establishing the model requires the modeling of fully dropwise condensation (DWC) before applying modifications to evaluate heat transfer performance of patterned-­‐hybrid condensation surface.

The model for fully DWC consists of defining expressions for heat transfer through a single drop, maximum radius of the drop and drop-­‐size distribution which all are primarily based on the work in the literature. In this work the author utilized a proposed modified version of the simulation for drop-­‐size ...


An Electrical Matlab Model Of Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation, Huize Xue May 2019

An Electrical Matlab Model Of Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation, Huize Xue

Theses

Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation (PEO), a part of Plasma electrolytic Deposition (PED), has been developing for surface modification of metallic materials in the past 20 years. During PEO process, sample always connect with anode of DC power source, under high temperature, accelerating process of oxidation reaction to from an average and dense oxidation film. A general passage, Plasma electrolysis for surface engineering, written by A.L. Yerokhin, X. Nie gives us a trend of what happened during PEO process but did not determine specific material and value. Linxin Zhu’s Development of PEO invent a new boiling system and investigated relationship ...


Computations Of Top-Down Attention By Modulating V1 Dynamics, David Berga, Xavier Otazu May 2019

Computations Of Top-Down Attention By Modulating V1 Dynamics, David Berga, Xavier Otazu

MODVIS Workshop

The human visual system processes information defining what is visually conspicuous (saliency) to our perception, guiding eye movements towards certain objects depending on scene context and its feature characteristics. However, attention has been known to be biased by top-down influences (relevance), which define voluntary eye movements driven by goal-directed behavior and memory. We propose a unified model of the visual cortex able to predict, among other effects, top-down visual attention and saccadic eye movements. First, we simulate activations of early mechanisms of the visual system (RGC/LGN), by processing distinct image chromatic opponencies with Gabor-like filters. Second, we use a ...


Using A Balloon-Launched Unmanned Glider To Validate Real-Time Wrf Modeling, Travis J. Schuyler, S. M. Iman Gohari, Gary Pundsack, Donald Berchoff, Marcelo I. Guzman Apr 2019

Using A Balloon-Launched Unmanned Glider To Validate Real-Time Wrf Modeling, Travis J. Schuyler, S. M. Iman Gohari, Gary Pundsack, Donald Berchoff, Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The use of small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS) for meteorological measurements has expanded significantly in recent years. SUAS are efficient platforms for collecting data with high resolution in both space and time, providing opportunities for enhanced atmospheric sampling. Furthermore, advances in mesoscale weather research and forecasting (WRF) modeling and graphical processing unit (GPU) computing have enabled high resolution weather modeling. In this manuscript, a balloon-launched unmanned glider, complete with a suite of sensors to measure atmospheric temperature, pressure, and relative humidity, is deployed for validation of real-time weather models. This work demonstrates the usefulness of sUAS for validating and improving ...


Generating Spectra Using Pca-Based Spectral Mixture Models, Joseph S. Makarewicz, Heather D. Makarewicz Apr 2019

Generating Spectra Using Pca-Based Spectral Mixture Models, Joseph S. Makarewicz, Heather D. Makarewicz

Scholar Week 2016 - present

PCA-based spectra mixture models have been created for several laboratory mixture data sets. This presentation provides examples of spectra that were generated using PCA-based spectra mixture models.


Microstructural Evaluation Of Aluminium Alloy A365 T6 In Machining Operation, Bankole I. Oladapo, S. Abolfazl Zahedi, Francis T. Omigbodun, Edwin A. Oshin, Victor A. Adebiyi, Olaoluwa B. Malachi Jan 2019

Microstructural Evaluation Of Aluminium Alloy A365 T6 In Machining Operation, Bankole I. Oladapo, S. Abolfazl Zahedi, Francis T. Omigbodun, Edwin A. Oshin, Victor A. Adebiyi, Olaoluwa B. Malachi

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

The optimum cutting parameters such as cutting depth, feed rate, cutting speed and magnitude of the cutting force for A356 T6 was determined concerning the microstructural detail of the material. Novel test analyses were carried out, which include mechanical evaluation of the materials for density, glass transition temperature, tensile and compression stress, frequency analysis and optimisation as well as the functional analytic behaviour of the samples. The further analytical structure of the particle was performed, evaluating the surface luminance structure and the profile structure. The cross-sectional filter profile of the sample was extracted, and analyses of Firestone curve for the ...


A Theoretical Model For Total Suction Effects By Tree Roots, Udeshini Pathirage, Buddhima Indraratna, Muditha Pallewattha, Ana Heitor Jan 2019

A Theoretical Model For Total Suction Effects By Tree Roots, Udeshini Pathirage, Buddhima Indraratna, Muditha Pallewattha, Ana Heitor

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Strengthening soft and weak soil by way of root reinforcement is a well-known strategy that is adopted worldwide. In Australia, native gum trees remain evergreen throughout the year and have been utilised to stabilise transportation corridors by way of reinforcement provided by the roots and the suction generated within the root domain as a function of evapotranspiration through the canopy. A mature gum tree can induce a missive total suction pressure exceeding 30MPa through its root water and solute uptake in terms of matric plus osmotic suction. This cumulative effect of matric and osmotic suctions contributes to the overall shear ...


Leveraging Smote In A Two-Layer Model For Prediction Of Protein-Protein Interactions, Huaming Chen, Lei Wang, Chi-Hung Chi, Jun Shen Jan 2019

Leveraging Smote In A Two-Layer Model For Prediction Of Protein-Protein Interactions, Huaming Chen, Lei Wang, Chi-Hung Chi, Jun Shen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The research of the mechanisms of infectious diseases between host and pathogens remains a hot topic. It takes stock of the interactions data between host and pathogens, including proteins and genomes, to facilitate the discoveries and prediction of underlying mechanisms. However, the incomplete protein-protein interactions data impediment the advances in this exploration and solicit the wet-lab experiments to examine and verify the latent interactions. Although there have been numerous studies trying to leverage the computational models, especially machine learning models, the performances of these models were not good enough to produce high-fidelity candidates of interactions data due to the nature ...


Optimization Of The Process Of Functioning Of Multiservice Networks ., A.R Marakhimov, G.B Sherboboyeva Dec 2018

Optimization Of The Process Of Functioning Of Multiservice Networks ., A.R Marakhimov, G.B Sherboboyeva

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

In order to optimize the delay time of information flows in the nodes, multiservice networks propose the application of the theory of fuzzy sets, with the help of which models are developed for calculating the delay time, taking into account the inaccuracy of time, simple, correct operation and aging of information. A fuzzy model for calculating the average message delay time through communication nodes in multiservice networks is given, with each channel of switching nodes being modeled as a queuing network. A single-criterion problem of the optimal distribution of information flows over the channels of switching nodes with ill-defined data ...


Experimental Testing And Modeling Of Partial Nitrification At Different Temperatures, Xiaoguang Liu Dec 2018

Experimental Testing And Modeling Of Partial Nitrification At Different Temperatures, Xiaoguang Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Nitrogen in wastewater treatment plant effluents has adverse environmental effects on aquatic systems. Excessive concentrations of nitrogen in water bodies can result in the depletion of dissolved oxygen, deterioration of water quality, and shifts of biotic community. Conventional biological nitrogen removal (BNR) processes consume high energy for nitrification and require external carbon for denitrification. Alternatively, partial nitrification is of interest as an emerging technology for its lower need of organic carbon addition and cost savings in aeration. In this study, the main objectives are: 1- developing a mathematical model involving operational parameters for the determination of successful partial nitrification conditions ...


An Analytical Model Of Material Deformation In Rotary Friction Welding Of Thin-Walled Tubes, Caleb James Brown Dec 2018

An Analytical Model Of Material Deformation In Rotary Friction Welding Of Thin-Walled Tubes, Caleb James Brown

Theses and Dissertations

A new model of the material flow in rotary friction welding of tubes is proposed. The material flow proposed is based on 3D scans of welds performed with tungsten tracers. The tracers indicate a bifurcation of flow into two deformation paths. A different analysis is performed on each path.The material in Path 1 interacts with the weld interface and exhibits large amounts of azimuthal flow. Previous analytical investigations that have analytically modelled the weld interface as a non-Newtonian fluid are used to calculate the strain rate in this zone.The material in Path 2 transitions from axial to primarily ...


Information-Algorithmic Support Of Decision-Making In Problems Of Primary Processing Of Cotton-Raw Processes., D.A Khalmatov, G.R Alimova, Kh.B Mirzaakhmedova, U.O Khujanazarov Oct 2018

Information-Algorithmic Support Of Decision-Making In Problems Of Primary Processing Of Cotton-Raw Processes., D.A Khalmatov, G.R Alimova, Kh.B Mirzaakhmedova, U.O Khujanazarov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

On the basis of the system-structural approach the formalized multilevel structure of information interaction technological to operation at the clap-raw processing, allowing to present in the uniform form set diverse the information and providing uniform information base for technological monitoring at decision-making support. Situational models of process of functioning of the technological units, considering multi-variant approach of modes of functioning of the units corresponding to various industrial situations are developed. Algorithms of a choice of rational operating modes of technological units on the basis of the analysis of the generalised parametres corresponding to production schedules and operating modes of units ...


Physical Modeling Of Flow Nets In Groundwater And Determination Of Hydraulic Conductivity, Hannah Nicholas, Moses Karakouzian Sep 2018

Physical Modeling Of Flow Nets In Groundwater And Determination Of Hydraulic Conductivity, Hannah Nicholas, Moses Karakouzian

AANAPISI Poster Presentations

The goal of this study is to physically model the paths that water particles take through soil, and estimate hydraulic conductivity for several soil configurations. Water paths, or flow lines, are shown by injecting dye into sand contained in a rectangular acrylic glass tank with a vertical barrier in the center; water is poured on one side of the tank and a pump is used to maintain constant head loss. If flow lines are formed, a flow net is to be drawn using photos of the tank and hydraulic conductivity is to be calculated.

This project consists of four phases ...


Evaluating Baseflow Recession Behavior Using The Integrated Hydrologic Model Parflow, Emily Gaub Aug 2018

Evaluating Baseflow Recession Behavior Using The Integrated Hydrologic Model Parflow, Emily Gaub

Theses - ALL

Hydrologists have long studied the rate of streamflow recession as a means of understanding watershed properties. Historically, recession events were lumped together for analysis. However, more recent work has shown that individual recession events behave differently, and additional insights can be gained by evaluating events individually. The analysis of individual recession events has been shown to be a valuable tool for examining hydrologic processes in large watersheds, however its connection to hydrologic models has not been thoroughly explored. We used the integrated hydrologic model ParFlow to systematically explore the drivers of baseflow recession curves. Using ParFlow we demonstrated that the ...


Fuel Flow Reduction Impact Analysis Of Drag Reducing Film Applied To Aircraft Wings, Damon Resnick, Chris Donlan, Nimish Sakalle, Cody Pinkerman Jul 2018

Fuel Flow Reduction Impact Analysis Of Drag Reducing Film Applied To Aircraft Wings, Damon Resnick, Chris Donlan, Nimish Sakalle, Cody Pinkerman

SMU Data Science Review

In this paper, we present an analysis of flight data in order to determine whether the application of the Edge Aerodynamix Conformal Vortex Generator (CVG), applied to the wings of aircraft, reduces fuel flow during cruising conditions of flight. The CVG is a special treatment and film applied to the wings of an aircraft to protect the wings and reduce the non-laminar flow of air around the wings during flight. It is thought that by reducing the non-laminar flow or vortices around and directly behind the wings that an aircraft will move more smoothly through the air and provide a ...


Homogeneous Reaction Kinetics Of Carbohydrates With Viologen Catalysts For Biofuel Cell Applications, Hilary Bingham Jul 2018

Homogeneous Reaction Kinetics Of Carbohydrates With Viologen Catalysts For Biofuel Cell Applications, Hilary Bingham

Theses and Dissertations

Energy usage is continually on the rise and significant efforts are being extended to provide more renewable energy. One area of exploration is the development of fuel cells, which includes biofuel cells that can extract energy from carbohydrates obtained from biomass. Recently, viologen catalysts have been shown to enhance reaction rates of energy extraction and improve carbohydrate conversion efficiencies. However, characterizing the effects of process parameters such as pH, reactant concentrations, and carbohydrate exposure time to buffer solutions with a rigorous model is lacking. This thesis characterizes the homogeneous reaction between carbohydrates and a methyl viologen catalyst to provide insights ...


Small Scale-Wind Power Dispatchable Energy Source Modeling, Jordan Cannon, David Moore, Stephen Eason, Adel El-Shahat May 2018

Small Scale-Wind Power Dispatchable Energy Source Modeling, Jordan Cannon, David Moore, Stephen Eason, Adel El-Shahat

Adel El-Shahat

Due to the importance of Wind energy as an intermittent renewable resource in Micro-Grids applications; this paper is proposed. So this research proposal seeks to model and analyze components of a wind turbine generator (WTG) system to store energy and supply loads with the stored energy. Focus is placed on the storage of energy into a lead acid battery and using the battery with the inverter as a dispatchable energy source. The storage device and inverter acts as a steam power plant generator. The small-scale system consists of wind turbine, wind generator, loads, dc-dc converter, ac-dc inverter, controller and battery ...


Phase Field Model Of Thermally Induced Phase Separation (Tips) For The Formation Of Porous Polymer Membranes, Ashley Green, Aria Green May 2018

Phase Field Model Of Thermally Induced Phase Separation (Tips) For The Formation Of Porous Polymer Membranes, Ashley Green, Aria Green

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Most membrane research and development has been done through experimental work, which can be costly and time consuming. An accurate computational model would greatly reduce the need for these experiments. The focus of the research presented in this paper is to create an accurate computational model for membrane formation using thermally induced phase separation (TIPS). A phase field model is employed to create this model including the Cahn Hilliard Equation and Flory Huggins Theory. This model produced computational results that correspond well with theoretical and experimental results. The model was then adapted to correspond to the PVDF/DPC polymer-solvent system ...


Uav-Based Geotechnical Modeling And Mapping Of An Inaccessible Underground Site, Elizabeth Anne Russell Apr 2018

Uav-Based Geotechnical Modeling And Mapping Of An Inaccessible Underground Site, Elizabeth Anne Russell

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

Digital photogrammetry is becoming a more common method used for mapping geological and structural rock mass features in underground mining. The issue of capturing geological and structural data in inaccessible, unsupported areas of mines remains even when utilizing terrestrial photogrammetric methods; thus, geotechnical models of mines are left with incomplete datasets. Large unsupported underground voids, like stopes, have the potential to cause major failures, but by filling in the geotechnical data gaps in inaccessible areas, potential failures can be predicted through kinematic analysis of the area’s mapped discontinuities. Implementation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in underground mines and recent ...