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Mechanical Engineering

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Ballasting System For An Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, Noura Rayes, Bahram Nassersharif, Zach Champney, Kyle Alessandro, Jason Mirandou May 2022

Ballasting System For An Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, Noura Rayes, Bahram Nassersharif, Zach Champney, Kyle Alessandro, Jason Mirandou

Senior Honors Projects

NOURA RAYES (Mechanical Engineering); Ballasting System for an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Sponsor: Bahram Nassersharif (Mechanical Engineering)

Over the last year, our Mechanical Engineering Capstone team, Nautilus, has been working to design a ballasting system for various Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) sponsored by Raytheon Technologies. Common AUV systems are used for a wide range of applications from environmental monitoring, oceanic exploration, to data collection. AUVs also have many technical advantages that make underwater tasks more efficient, cost-effective, and generally safer. Raytheon Technology, specifically, is looking to improve their existing ballasting mechanism for their AUVs to use for military defense. For this ...


Refrigeration & Pressure Circuits For The Test Apparatus On Triaxial Properties Of Polymer Foams At Arctic Temperatures, Nathaniel Ackerman Jan 2022

Refrigeration & Pressure Circuits For The Test Apparatus On Triaxial Properties Of Polymer Foams At Arctic Temperatures, Nathaniel Ackerman

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The objective of this project is to modify the previous testing apparatus used by Dr. M. Hoo Fatt for exploration of Crushing Behavior of Polymer Foams in Sandwich Structures Operating in Arctic Regions commissioned by the Office of Naval Research and performed under the University of Akron’s Mechanical Engineering testing facilities. To do this, it is required to design a system capable of operating at a constant temperature during a testing cycle, reaching down to -60⁰C. This apparatus must also be compatible with prior equipment, facilities, persons, samples, and media.

Primarily, a copper-tube refrigeration coil design was considered to ...


Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Oct 2021

Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Mechanical Engineering News

  • Viking Ax Cast by Students


Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Oct 2021

Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Mechanical Engineering News

  • Dr. Cesmeci Awarded $1.1 mil DOE Grant
  • Dr. Cesmeci Seeking to Student Researchers for DOE Grant


Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Oct 2021

Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Mechanical Engineering News

  • Undergrad Researcher to Present at National Conference


College Of Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Oct 2021

College Of Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Engineering & Computing, Allen E. Paulson College of - News

  • GS engineering student competes on Netflix baking show


College Of Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Oct 2021

College Of Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Engineering & Computing, Allen E. Paulson College of - News

  • 2021-22 Undergraduate Research Awards Announced


Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Aug 2021

Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Mechanical Engineering News

  • Department Hosts Summer Camp for HS Students


Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Jun 2021

Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Mechanical Engineering News

  • Two Student Researchers Receive Engineering Awards


Adaptive Robotic Chassis (Arc): Robocrop A Smart Agricultural Robot Toolset, Steven Bucher, Krissy Ikeda, Brooke Broszus, Alejandro Gutierrez, Ariana Low Jun 2021

Adaptive Robotic Chassis (Arc): Robocrop A Smart Agricultural Robot Toolset, Steven Bucher, Krissy Ikeda, Brooke Broszus, Alejandro Gutierrez, Ariana Low

Interdisciplinary Design Senior Theses

RoboCrop is a payload system that attaches to an existing modular drivetrain to support the agriculture industry with their primary challenge of labor shortages. ARC: RoboCrop features three degrees of freedom as an XYZ Cartesian robot and is intended specifically for pruning strawberry flowers. The image bay camera attached to RoboCrop’s frame identifies the strawberry flowers, communicates their XYZ coordinates, and then the Cartesian robot moves to the desired locations. The snipping toolhead is interfaced at the bottom of the Z-stroke and performs the snipping process. RoboCrop has a proven success rate of at least 70% of flowers pruned ...


Actuation And Control Methods For Individual And Swarm Multiscale Mechanical Systems, Pouria Razzaghi May 2021

Actuation And Control Methods For Individual And Swarm Multiscale Mechanical Systems, Pouria Razzaghi

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

Robotic mechanisms can be driven by different internally and externally applied inertial and magnetic actuations. These actuations are utilized to regulate the dynamics of robots and move them in different locomotion modes. The first part of this dissertation is about using an external magnetic actuation to move a simple-in-design, small-scale robot for biomedical applications. The robots can be steered in different locomotion modes such as pivot walking and tumbling. The control design of this system consists of a swarm algorithm under a global control input, and a vision-based closed-loop controller to navigate in 2D environments.

Secondly, I propose a new ...


Rehology And Electrical Conductivity Of Particulate Composites In Additive Manufacturing, Bin Xia May 2021

Rehology And Electrical Conductivity Of Particulate Composites In Additive Manufacturing, Bin Xia

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

Extrusion-based multi-functional additive manufacturing (AM) has been a rapidly developing area in AM recently. Particulate composites are widely used in this area to provide different functionalities with different types of particulate additives. However, there is no systematic understanding of the behavior of particulate composites during extrusion (especially in small nozzles) or of their properties once deposited in the build. This work investigates the properties of the type of particulate composites usually used in additive manufacturing, composed of a polymer matrix material and particulate additives within the micrometer scale. The focus is on the material rheology in the nozzle/capillary (for ...


Magnetic Gradient-Based Magnetic Tweezer System For 3d And Swarm Control Of Microswimmer, Xiao Zhang May 2021

Magnetic Gradient-Based Magnetic Tweezer System For 3d And Swarm Control Of Microswimmer, Xiao Zhang

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

Microscale manipulation has very promising potential in medical applications such as drug delivery, minimal and invasion surgery. Contactless control is preferable as remote manipulation is necessary for in vivo applications. Among different control methods, magnetic power source is more suitable and robust for the applications mentioned above. Presented here is a magnetic tweezer system, which manipulates microscale magnetic particles using magnetic forces created by magnetic field gradient. The proposed system has three advantages: First, force applied by the magnetic tweezer system does not contact with the target object and can be generated in different directions. Second, the magnetic tweezer system ...


Ball-On-Ring Test Validation For Equibiaxial Flexural Strength Testing Of Engineered Ceramics, Adrianna E. Lupercio, Ehsan Moshkelgosha, Riley C. Winters, Cayden Doyle, Mahmood Mamivand, Andrew T. Nelson, Brian J. Jaques May 2021

Ball-On-Ring Test Validation For Equibiaxial Flexural Strength Testing Of Engineered Ceramics, Adrianna E. Lupercio, Ehsan Moshkelgosha, Riley C. Winters, Cayden Doyle, Mahmood Mamivand, Andrew T. Nelson, Brian J. Jaques

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The validation of a ball-on-ring, equibiaxial flexural strength method to obtain the transverse rupture strength (TRS) of right cylindrical ceramic specimens was performed in this study. Validation of the test method was achieved using commercially available engineered high purity alumina disks and finite element (FE) model analysis. The validated fixture was then used to obtain the TRS and Weibull statistical analysis of MgO-partially stabilized zirconia (MSZ) and Y2O3-partially stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramic disks. TRS data for alumina, MSZ, and YSZ agreed with the TRS values reported in the literature. A statistically relevant number of samples (N ...


Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Apr 2021

Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Mechanical Engineering News

  • Graduate Student Wins Excellence in Graduate Research Award


Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Apr 2021

Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Mechanical Engineering News

  • Faculty and Students Mentor High School Design Competition


Project Shearwater Ground Effect Uav, Duncan Clark, Justin Cole, Zachary Karat, Aidan Nickels, Cole Wolfe Apr 2021

Project Shearwater Ground Effect Uav, Duncan Clark, Justin Cole, Zachary Karat, Aidan Nickels, Cole Wolfe

Interdisciplinary Design Senior Theses

The Shearwater unmanned aerial vehicle is a maritime fixed-wing drone that is designed to use ground effect force generated between the aircraft and a body of water to efficiently propel itself near the surface of a body of water. Shearwater features a virtual reality pilot interface and will act as a hybrid underwater vehicle that will eventually be able to operate both above and beneath the ocean’s surface. The Shearwater team developed existing design work to produce major subsystems that culminated in a flyable functioning prototype. An existing airframe was updated with working control surfaces tested in simulation and ...


Marine Robot Deployment And Control System, Nicky Castillo, Nick Ellis, Trent Kelsall, Matt Kiyama Apr 2021

Marine Robot Deployment And Control System, Nicky Castillo, Nick Ellis, Trent Kelsall, Matt Kiyama

Interdisciplinary Design Senior Theses

A full operations package for underwater research, including the mid-sized ROV Nautilus with a distributed control system, a topside graphical user interface (GUI), and a dedicated launch and recovery system (LARS), was developed to increase the operational efficiency of scientific exploration and experimentation missions through Santa Clara University’s (SCU’s) Robotics Systems Laboratory (RSL). Design of the mechanical subsystems on Nautilus added flexibility of usage and protection of components. The new GUI improved pilot control of Nautilus with an added heads-up display and easy access to sensor readouts. The simulated Nautilus altitude control system has an error of ±1 ...


The Modular Oceanic Autonomous Underwater Vehicle For Novel Actuation, Bryan Gilbertson, John Elstad, Matthew Holmes, Sean Even, Robert Percell, Andrew Kambe, Gregor Limstrom Apr 2021

The Modular Oceanic Autonomous Underwater Vehicle For Novel Actuation, Bryan Gilbertson, John Elstad, Matthew Holmes, Sean Even, Robert Percell, Andrew Kambe, Gregor Limstrom

Interdisciplinary Design Senior Theses

A low-drag, high endurance, and high efficiency Long Range Autonomous Underwater Vehicle is a desired asset to Santa Clara University to aid future underwater vehicle development efforts. Such an vehicle will demonstrate novel actuation methods and provide the on-campus Robotics Systems Laboratory with a modular prototype to aid research and academic efforts. In this paper, we document the construction of a low cost, modular, demonstration vehicle that satisfies the requirements for high-efficiency operation and modular interfaces. The completed vehicle features standard actuation abilities utilizing low-drag methods that qualify it for shallow water operation. Furthermore, the vehicle demonstrates the feasibility of ...


Damage Evolution And High-Rate Response Of High-Strength Concrete Under Triaxial Loading, Brett Williams Apr 2021

Damage Evolution And High-Rate Response Of High-Strength Concrete Under Triaxial Loading, Brett Williams

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

The research presented in this study focuses on understanding fundamental mechanisms that drive material response under dynamic loading conditions. The objectives of the research were to: (1) to understand damage initiation and propagation in the bulk geomaterial under a variety of loading conditions and (2) to systematically investigate the strain rate effects on the triaxial compressive response of cementitious materials through the development of an innovative, first of its kind large-diameter (50 mm) triaxial Kolsky bar system.

The triaxial compressive response of high-strength concrete is needed to understand pressure-dependent material behavior, which is important for modeling extreme loading events. However ...


Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Mar 2021

Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Mechanical Engineering News

  • Graduate Student to Present at Posters on the Hill


Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Mar 2021

Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Mechanical Engineering News

  • 2021 Engineering Design Challenge


Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University Feb 2021

Mechanical Engineering News, Georgia Southern University

Mechanical Engineering News

  • Graduate Student Lands Position as Race Engineer


Progress, Georgia Southern University Jan 2021

Progress, Georgia Southern University

Engineering & Computing, Allen E. Paulson College of - Progress

Welcome to the new online version of Progress, the magazine of the Allen E. Paulson College of Engineering and Computing. We are approaching 10,000 subscribers, and as we are the College of Engineering and Computing, we think online is the way to go! This issue features three of our first female engineering graduates, a recent student success story, two of our pre-eminent female faculty, as well as one of our most influential female industry/business collaborations. Welcome to the Women of Engineering and Computing issue of Progress!


Development Of A Robust And Tunable Aircraft Guidance Algorithm, Jacob R. Spangenberg Jan 2021

Development Of A Robust And Tunable Aircraft Guidance Algorithm, Jacob R. Spangenberg

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

A set of guidance control laws is developed for application to a reduced order dynamic aircraft model. A feedback control formulation utilizing a linear quadratic regulator (LQR) is developed, together with methods for easing the design burden associated with gain tuning. Metrics are developed to assess the stability margin of the controller over the full flight envelope of a notional unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) model. A feedforward control path is then added to the architecture. The performance of the guidance control laws is assessed through time domain step response metrics as well as through execution of a design mission. The ...


Contact Fatigue Of Spur Gear Operating Under Starved Lubrication Condition, Aparna Udthala Jan 2021

Contact Fatigue Of Spur Gear Operating Under Starved Lubrication Condition, Aparna Udthala

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

This study describes contact fatigue behavior of spur gear contacts operating under mixed elastohydrodynamic condition. The focus is placed on the starvation effect on fatigue crack initiation. With the model, parametric simulations are carried out with different contact parameters. In the process, the lubricant supply is varied to alter the lubrication condition from fully flooded to severely starved circumstance. Multi-axial stress fields induced by surface normal and tangential tractions are evaluated, whose amplitudes and means are used in a multi-axial fatigue criterion to determine the crack initiation life. It is found a lower lubricant viscosity elongates fatigue life when severe ...


Performance Of A Dual Plane Airfoil Model With Varying Gap, Stagger, And Decalage Using Pressure Measurements And Particle Image Velocimetry, Salome Kenneth Nunes Jan 2021

Performance Of A Dual Plane Airfoil Model With Varying Gap, Stagger, And Decalage Using Pressure Measurements And Particle Image Velocimetry, Salome Kenneth Nunes

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The dual-plane airfoil has been adopted in the design of aircraft wings, wind turbine blades, and propellers. The purpose of this research is to investigate the most important design parameters of a dual-plane airfoil model for the best aerodynamic performance, such as gap, stagger, and decalage. The dual-plane airfoil model was designed using the S826 profile. A mechanical mechanism with electrical actuator control is particularly designed to alter the gap and stagger smoothly, as well as the angle of attack (AOA) for each airfoil. It results in a gap range of 1.38c to 2.17c, a stagger range of ...


Development Of A Combined Thermal Management And Power Generation System Using A Multi-Mode Rankine Cycle, Nathaniel M. Payne Jan 2021

Development Of A Combined Thermal Management And Power Generation System Using A Multi-Mode Rankine Cycle, Nathaniel M. Payne

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Two sub-systems that present a significant challenge in the development of high performance air vehicle exceeding speeds of Mach 5 are the power generation and thermal management sub-systems. The air friction experienced at high speeds, particularly around the engine, generates large thermal loads that need to be managed. In addition, traditional jet engines do not operate at speeds greater than Mach 3, therefore eliminating the possibility of a rotating power generator. A multi-mode water-based Rankine cycle is an innovative method to address both of these constraints of generating power and providing cooling. Implementing a Rankine cycle-based system allows for the ...


Bayesian Inspired Multi-Fidelity Optimization With Aerodynamic Design, Christopher Corey Fischer Jan 2021

Bayesian Inspired Multi-Fidelity Optimization With Aerodynamic Design, Christopher Corey Fischer

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

In most engineering design problems, there exist multiple models of varying fidelities for use in predicting a single system response such as Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models constructed using Potential Flow, Euler equations, or full physics Navier Stokes implementation. Engineering design is constantly pushing the forefront of the field through imposing stricter and more complex constraints on system performance, thus elevating the need for use of high-fidelity models in the design process. Increasing fidelity level often correlates to an increase in cost (financial, computational time, and computational resources). Traditional design processes rely upon low-fidelity models for expedience and resource savings ...


Computer Modeling Of Solar Thermal System With Underground Storage Tank For Space Heating, Mohammad Yousef Mousa Naser Jan 2021

Computer Modeling Of Solar Thermal System With Underground Storage Tank For Space Heating, Mohammad Yousef Mousa Naser

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Space heating is required in almost every dwelling across the country for different periods of time. The thermal energy needed to meet a heating demand can be supplied using different conventional and/or renewable technologies. Solar energy is one example of a renewable resource that can be used for supplying heating needs. It can be utilized either by using photovoltaic panels to generate electricity, that in turn can be used to operate heaters, or by using solar thermal panels. Solar thermal panels obtain higher operating efficiencies than photovoltaic panels, but solar energy for heating purposes suffers from a mismatch between ...