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Graphene

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Articles 1 - 30 of 346

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Influence Of Naoh Concentration On Transfer Process Of Graphene, Francisco Saldana, Chengyu Wen, George Patrick Watson Sep 2019

Influence Of Naoh Concentration On Transfer Process Of Graphene, Francisco Saldana, Chengyu Wen, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

The process of transferring a monolayer of graphene using two different concentrations of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution unto a silicon dioxide (SiO2) coated Si chip using electrochemistry was performed. The transfer process is crucial for the delamination of a continuous graphene monolayer film from copper foil. After examining and inspecting the integrity of the graphene monolayer, it was observed that the lower concentration to NaOH led to slower rate of hydrogen bubble generation; this condition was found to be less destructive and yielded a graphene film with fewer visible tears.


Graphene Channels Interfaced With Distributed Quantum Dots, Xin Miao Aug 2019

Graphene Channels Interfaced With Distributed Quantum Dots, Xin Miao

Dissertations

Previous research has elucidated the remarkable electrical and optical characteristics of graphene and pointed to the various applications of graphene-based devices. One of such applications is electro-optical graphene-based elements. In this work, the optoelectronic properties of field-effect transistors are explored. These are composed of surface graphene guides, which are interfaced with an array of individual semiconductor quantum dots. The graphene guide also serves as a channel for the field-effect transistor (FET) while the dots provide for fluorescence markers. They may be placed either within the capacitor formed between the graphene and the gate electrode, or on top of the graphene ...


Adhesion Of Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbides (Mxenes) And Graphene To Silicon, Yanxiao Li, Shuohan Huang, Congjie Wei, Chenglin Bob Wu, Vadym Mochalin Jul 2019

Adhesion Of Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbides (Mxenes) And Graphene To Silicon, Yanxiao Li, Shuohan Huang, Congjie Wei, Chenglin Bob Wu, Vadym Mochalin

Vadym Mochalin

Two-dimensional transition metal carbides (MXenes) have attracted a great interest of the research community as a relatively recently discovered large class of materials with unique electronic and optical properties. Understanding of adhesion between MXenes and various substrates is critically important for MXene device fabrication and performance. We report results of direct atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements of adhesion of two MXenes (Ti3C2Tx and Ti2CTx) with a SiO2 coated Si spherical tip. The Maugis-Dugdale theory was applied to convert the AFM measured adhesion force to adhesion energy, while taking into account surface ...


Adhesion Of Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbides (Mxenes) And Graphene To Silicon, Yanxiao Li, Shuohan Huang, Congjie Wei, Chenglin Bob Wu, Vadym Mochalin Jul 2019

Adhesion Of Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbides (Mxenes) And Graphene To Silicon, Yanxiao Li, Shuohan Huang, Congjie Wei, Chenglin Bob Wu, Vadym Mochalin

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Two-dimensional transition metal carbides (MXenes) have attracted a great interest of the research community as a relatively recently discovered large class of materials with unique electronic and optical properties. Understanding of adhesion between MXenes and various substrates is critically important for MXene device fabrication and performance. We report results of direct atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements of adhesion of two MXenes (Ti3C2Tx and Ti2CTx) with a SiO2 coated Si spherical tip. The Maugis-Dugdale theory was applied to convert the AFM measured adhesion force to adhesion energy, while taking into account surface ...


Thermal Transport In Layer-By-Layer Assembled Polycrystalline Graphene Films, David Estrada, Alondra Perez May 2019

Thermal Transport In Layer-By-Layer Assembled Polycrystalline Graphene Films, David Estrada, Alondra Perez

David Estrada

New technologies are emerging which allow us to manipulate and assemble 2-dimensional (2D) building blocks, such as graphene, into synthetic van der Waals (vdW) solids. Assembly of such vdW solids has enabled novel electronic devices and could lead to control over anisotropic thermal properties through tuning of inter-layer coupling and phonon scattering. Here we report the systematic control of heat flow in graphene-based vdW solids assembled in a layer-by-layer (LBL) fashion. In-plane thermal measurements (between 100 K and 400 K) reveal substrate and grain boundary scattering limit thermal transport in vdW solids composed of one to four transferred layers of ...


Evaluating The Scalability Of The Sonication Method Of Graphene Oxide Synthesis, Evan Dexter May 2019

Evaluating The Scalability Of The Sonication Method Of Graphene Oxide Synthesis, Evan Dexter

Honors Program Projects

Graphene is a new material that was first isolated in 2004, and consists of one to a few atomic layers of carbon in a lattice sheet structure. Graphene has high tensile strength, high surface area, very low electrical resistance, and various other special properties that make it an excellent material for use in emerging technologies in the categories of electrical components, energy systems, and high strength applications. The production scale of graphene sheets and its variations is currently limited to laboratory use, with increasing research being conducted toward the development of manufacturing techniques of the material. We conducted experiments to ...


Plasmonic Properties Of Nanoparticle And Two Dimensional Material Integrated Structure, Desalegn Tadesse Debu May 2019

Plasmonic Properties Of Nanoparticle And Two Dimensional Material Integrated Structure, Desalegn Tadesse Debu

Theses and Dissertations

Recently, various groups have demonstrated nano-scale engineering of nanostructures for optical to infrared wavelength plasmonic applications. Most fabrication technique processes, especially those using noble metals, requires an adhesion layer. Previously proposed theoretical work to support experimental measurement often neglect the effect of the adhesion layers. The first finding of this work focuses on the impact of the adhesion layer on nanoparticle plasmonic properties. Gold nanodisks with a titanium adhesion layer are investigated by calculating the scattering, absorption, and extinction cross-section with numerical simulations using a finite difference time domain (FDTD) method. I demonstrate that a gold nanodisk with an adhesive ...


Exploring The Electrical Properties Of Twisted Bilayer Graphene, William Shannon May 2019

Exploring The Electrical Properties Of Twisted Bilayer Graphene, William Shannon

Senior Theses

Two-dimensional materials exhibit properties unlike anything else seen in conventional substances. Electrons in these materials are confined to move only in the plane. In order to explore the effects of these materials, we have built apparatus and refined procedures with which to create two-dimensional structures. Two-dimensional devices have been made using exfoliated graphene and placed on gold contacts. Their topography has been observed using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) confirming samples with monolayer, bilayer, and twisted bilayer structure. Relative work functions of each have been measured using Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (KPFM) showing that twisted bilayer graphene has a surface potential ...


Evaluating The Scalability Of Graphene Synthesis, Evan Dexter Apr 2019

Evaluating The Scalability Of Graphene Synthesis, Evan Dexter

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Graphene is a new material, first isolated in 2004, consisting of one to a few atomic layers of carbon in a lattice sheet structure. Graphene has high tensile strength, high surface area, very low electrical resistance, and various other special properties that make it an excellent material for use in emerging technologies in the categories of electrical components, energy systems, and high strength applications. The production scale of graphene sheets and its variations is currently limited to laboratory use, with a great amount of current research going into the development of manufacturing techniques of the material. I conducted experiments to ...


Shock Compaction Of Graphene Doped Yttria Stabilized Zirconia: An Experimental And Computational Study, Christopher Rueben Johnson Apr 2019

Shock Compaction Of Graphene Doped Yttria Stabilized Zirconia: An Experimental And Computational Study, Christopher Rueben Johnson

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) is a broadly used ceramic due to its impeccable hardness and thermal stability. Limitations of the material, however, subsist within its fracture toughness. Literature indicates that shock consolidation may enable production of composite YSZ and graphene mixtures with improved fracture toughness and other material properties while maintaining the material’s nanostructure dimensionality. Therefore, investigation of the compaction phenomena at non-equilibrium states will provide informative results to be used in the fabrication of bulk graphene-YSZ composites. Computational molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and impact experiments are conducted to explore and characterize the dynamic response of the YSZ variants ...


Thermal Transport In Layer-By-Layer Assembled Polycrystalline Graphene Films, David Estrada, Alondra Perez Mar 2019

Thermal Transport In Layer-By-Layer Assembled Polycrystalline Graphene Films, David Estrada, Alondra Perez

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

New technologies are emerging which allow us to manipulate and assemble 2-dimensional (2D) building blocks, such as graphene, into synthetic van der Waals (vdW) solids. Assembly of such vdW solids has enabled novel electronic devices and could lead to control over anisotropic thermal properties through tuning of inter-layer coupling and phonon scattering. Here we report the systematic control of heat flow in graphene-based vdW solids assembled in a layer-by-layer (LBL) fashion. In-plane thermal measurements (between 100 K and 400 K) reveal substrate and grain boundary scattering limit thermal transport in vdW solids composed of one to four transferred layers of ...


Quantifying Thermal Boundary Conductance Of 2d–3d Interfaces, Zlatan Aksamija, Cameron J. Foss Feb 2019

Quantifying Thermal Boundary Conductance Of 2d–3d Interfaces, Zlatan Aksamija, Cameron J. Foss

Zlatan Aksamija

Heat dissipation in next-generation electronics based on two-dimensional (2D) materials is a
critical issue in their development and implementation. A potential bottleneck for heat removal in
2D-based devices is the thermal pathway from the 2D layer into its supporting substrate. The choice
of substrate, its composition and structure, can strongly impact the thermal boundary conductance
(TBC). Here we investigate the temperature-dependent TBC of 42 interfaces formed between a
group of six 2D materials and seven crystalline and amorphous substrates. We use first-principles
density functional perturbation theory to calculate the full phonon dispersion of the 2D layers and
substrates and then ...


Open-Source Automated Chemical Vapor Deposition System For The Production Of Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials, Lizandra Williams-Godwin, Dale Brown, Richard Livingston, Tyler Webb, Lynn Karriem, Elton Graugnard, David Estrada Jan 2019

Open-Source Automated Chemical Vapor Deposition System For The Production Of Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials, Lizandra Williams-Godwin, Dale Brown, Richard Livingston, Tyler Webb, Lynn Karriem, Elton Graugnard, David Estrada

David Estrada

The study of two- dimensional (2D) materials is a rapidly growing area within nanomaterials research. However, the high equipment costs, which include the processing systems necessary for creating these materials, can be a barrier to entry for some researchers interested in studying these novel materials. Such process systems include those used for chemical vapor deposition, a preferred method for making these materials. To address this challenge, this article presents the first open-source design for an automated chemical vapor deposition system that can be built for less than a third of the cost for a comparable commercial system. The materials and ...


Open-Source Automated Chemical Vapor Deposition System For The Production Of Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials, Lizandra Williams-Godwin, Dale Brown, Richard Livingston, Tyler Webb, Lynn Karriem, Elton Graugnard, David Estrada Jan 2019

Open-Source Automated Chemical Vapor Deposition System For The Production Of Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials, Lizandra Williams-Godwin, Dale Brown, Richard Livingston, Tyler Webb, Lynn Karriem, Elton Graugnard, David Estrada

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The study of two- dimensional (2D) materials is a rapidly growing area within nanomaterials research. However, the high equipment costs, which include the processing systems necessary for creating these materials, can be a barrier to entry for some researchers interested in studying these novel materials. Such process systems include those used for chemical vapor deposition, a preferred method for making these materials. To address this challenge, this article presents the first open-source design for an automated chemical vapor deposition system that can be built for less than a third of the cost for a comparable commercial system. The materials and ...


Dual Graphene Patch Antenna For Ka Band Satellite Applications, Mohammed Amin Rabah, Mohammed Bekhti Jan 2019

Dual Graphene Patch Antenna For Ka Band Satellite Applications, Mohammed Amin Rabah, Mohammed Bekhti

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Currently; grapheme offers a new opportunity to use in space technology and this is due to its amazing properties like conductivity, strength, flexibility and transparency which allows us to exploit new generation of ultra-fast nanoscale components; Since future wireless communication techniques are geared towards the use of the high frequency spectrum and many recent research prove this trend. This letter presents a proposal for design of a dual graphene-based antenna to use in new communication techniques in Ka band, where the proposed antenna can work for uplink and dowlink frequencies at same time since it has return loss less then ...


Deposition Of Nanoparticles Or Thin Films Via Magnetron Sputtering Towards Graphene Surface Functionalization And Device Fabrication, Bridget Jul Larson Jan 2019

Deposition Of Nanoparticles Or Thin Films Via Magnetron Sputtering Towards Graphene Surface Functionalization And Device Fabrication, Bridget Jul Larson

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Graphene, a 2-dimensional single layer of carbon, has high carrier mobility, strength and electrical conductivity. Due to the absence of a band gap and chemical reactivity, pristine graphene has less competitiveness in semiconductors and sensors. Functionalizing graphene is imperative in the development of advanced applications. Among various wet chemical or physical vapor deposition, magnetron sputtering is cost-effective, minimum maintenance, user-friendly, and can be used to rapidly deposit nano-particulates or thin films with less contaminations on any substrates surface. This study is to investigate the morphology evolution of the deposited films using magnetron sputtering and to find appropriate conditions for nanoparticulate ...


Adaptive Hybrid Structures To Enhance Graphene-Based Sensors For Detecting Moisture In Corn Plants, Matthew Davis Jan 2019

Adaptive Hybrid Structures To Enhance Graphene-Based Sensors For Detecting Moisture In Corn Plants, Matthew Davis

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The utilization of graphene, a two-dimensional structure of carbon atoms, to measure water content in corn plants is presented. Discussed are the structural properties of graphene, fabrication methods, and previous designs by other research groups. This work attempts to design and test a new style of graphene sensor that maintains signal stability while not inhibiting plant growth or health. Specifically, the use of inkjet printing and molds to manufacture the graphene sensor component and the use of a soft polymer for a flexible attachment is examined. Simulations for determining the efficacy of mechanical structures are also analyzed.


Design And Rapid Prototyping Of Printed Graphene Electrochemical Biosensors For Sensitive Monitoring Of Pesticide Levels For Agricultural Use, John Hondred Jan 2019

Design And Rapid Prototyping Of Printed Graphene Electrochemical Biosensors For Sensitive Monitoring Of Pesticide Levels For Agricultural Use, John Hondred

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While the use of pesticides (herbicides and insecticides) are critically important to meet the current and future food demands (increases crop yield by up to 40%), their overuse has shown long-term detrimental impacts on the environment from polluting watersheds used for drinking water to eutrophic “dead zones”. Current pesticide soil measurement methods (chromatography) are costly, require trained technicians, and take days to analyze; thus, farmers are taking an “over-application approach” which is pollution the environment and waterways. A disposable pesticide soil sensor would provide farmers the opportunity of precisely regulating the application of pesticides in an independent and economical fashion ...


Synthesis, Functionalization, And Application Of Nanofiltration And Composite Membranes For Selective Separations, Andrew Steven Colburn Jan 2019

Synthesis, Functionalization, And Application Of Nanofiltration And Composite Membranes For Selective Separations, Andrew Steven Colburn

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Future nanofiltration (NF) membranes used for selective separations of ions and small organic molecules must maintain performance in environments where high concentrations of total dissolved solvents or foulants are present. These challenges can be addressed through the development of composite membranes, as well as the engineering of enhanced surface properties and operating conditions for existing commercial membranes.

In this work, ion transport through commercial thin film composite (TFC) polyamide NF membranes were studied in both lab-prepared salt solutions and industrial wastewater. The dependence of several variables on ion rejection was investigated, including ion radius, ion charge, ionic strength, and temperature ...


Effect Of Turbostratic Orientations And Confined Fluid On Mechanical Strength Of Bi-Layer Graphene: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Nil B. Dhankecha Jan 2019

Effect Of Turbostratic Orientations And Confined Fluid On Mechanical Strength Of Bi-Layer Graphene: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Nil B. Dhankecha

Theses

The rise of graphene as a reinforcement material in the last decade has been exponential owing to its superior mechanical properties. This one atom thick 2D material is applicable in many industries related to nanomechanical, nanoelectronics and optical devices. Despite its strength and superior properties, single-layer graphene tends to be unstable in a free-standing form. This led to active use of bi-layer and multilayered graphene in many of the above-stated applications. Though properties of single-layer graphene have been extensively investigated both computationally as well as experimentally for over a decade, bilayer graphene and its turbostratic form are still under research ...


Cardiac Regenerative Medicine: Insights From Healthy And Diseased Engineered Tissues, Pamela Grace Hitscherich Dec 2018

Cardiac Regenerative Medicine: Insights From Healthy And Diseased Engineered Tissues, Pamela Grace Hitscherich

Dissertations

Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of mortality in the United States. Current tissue engineering approaches have fallen short of promoting fully functional cardiovascular cells and the post-myocardial infarction microenvironment is still not well understood. These gaps in knowledge are addressed in this dissertation through the development of in vitro engineered cardiac tissues using electroactive materials to enhance the differentiation of pluripotent stem cell derived cardiomyocytes and through the development of in vitro myocardial inflammation models dedicated to understanding cardiomyocytes and macrophages interactions.

Specifically, piezoelectric poly (vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) (PVDF-TrFE) supports the attachment and survival of mouse embryonic stem cell derived ...


Electrical Characterization Of Graphene And Nanodiamond Nanostructures, A Z M Nowzesh Hasan Nov 2018

Electrical Characterization Of Graphene And Nanodiamond Nanostructures, A Z M Nowzesh Hasan

Doctoral Dissertations

The electrical characterization on two-dimensional carbon-based graphene and nanodiamond materials was performed to improve charge transport properties for the label-free electrical biosensors. The charge transport in solution-gated graphene devices is affected by the impurities and disorders of the underlying dielectric interface and its interaction with the electrolytes. Advancement in field-effect ion sensing by introducing a dielectric isomorph, hexagonal boron nitride between graphene and silicon dioxide of a solution-gated graphene field-effect transistor was investigated. Increased transconductance due to increased charge carrier mobility is accompanied with larger ionic sensitivity. These findings define a standard to construct future graphene devices for biosensing and ...


Flexible Laser-Induced Graphene For Nitrogen Sensing In Soil, Nate T. Garland, Eric S. Mclamore, Nicholas D. Cavallaro, Deyny Mendivelso-Perez, Emily A. Smith, Dapeng Jing, Jonathan C. Claussen Nov 2018

Flexible Laser-Induced Graphene For Nitrogen Sensing In Soil, Nate T. Garland, Eric S. Mclamore, Nicholas D. Cavallaro, Deyny Mendivelso-Perez, Emily A. Smith, Dapeng Jing, Jonathan C. Claussen

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Flexible graphene electronics are rapidly gaining interest, but their widespread implementation has been impeded by challenges with ink preparation, ink printing, and post-print annealing processes. Laser-induced graphene (LIG) promises a facile alternative by creating flexible graphene electronics on polyimide substrates through a one-step laser writing fabrication method. Herein we demonstrate the use of LIG, created through a low-cost UV laser, for electrochemical ion selective sensing of plant-available nitrogen (i.e., both ammonium and nitrate ions: NH4+ and NO3-) in soil samples. The laser used to create the LIG was operated at distinct pulse rates (10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 ...


Intercalated Rare-Earth Metals Under Graphene On Sic, Nathaniel A. Anderson, Myron Hupalo, David Keavney, Michael C. Tringides, David Vaknin Nov 2018

Intercalated Rare-Earth Metals Under Graphene On Sic, Nathaniel A. Anderson, Myron Hupalo, David Keavney, Michael C. Tringides, David Vaknin

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Intercalation of rare earth metals (RE = Eu, Dy, and Gd) is achieved by depositing the RE metal on graphene that is grown on silicon-carbide (SiC) and by subsequent annealing at high temperatures to promote intercalation. STM images of the films reveal that the graphene layer is defect free and that each of the intercalated metals has a distinct nucleation pattern. Intercalated Eu forms nano-clusters that are situated on the vertices of a Moirè pattern, while Dy and Gd form randomly distributed nano-clusters. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements of intercalated films reveal the magnetic properties of these REs nano-clusters ...


Flexible Laser-Induced Graphene For Nitrogen Sensing In Soil, Nate T. Garland, Eric S. Mclamore, Nicholas D. Cavallaro, Deyny Mendivelso-Perez, Emily A. Smith, Dapeng Jing, Jonathan C. Claussen Oct 2018

Flexible Laser-Induced Graphene For Nitrogen Sensing In Soil, Nate T. Garland, Eric S. Mclamore, Nicholas D. Cavallaro, Deyny Mendivelso-Perez, Emily A. Smith, Dapeng Jing, Jonathan C. Claussen

Jonathan C. Claussen

Flexible graphene electronics are rapidly gaining interest, but their widespread implementation has been impeded by challenges with ink preparation, ink printing, and post-print annealing processes. Laser-induced graphene (LIG) promises a facile alternative by creating flexible graphene electronics on polyimide substrates through a one-step laser writing fabrication method. Herein we demonstrate the use of LIG, created through a low-cost UV laser, for electrochemical ion selective sensing of plant-available nitrogen (i.e., both ammonium and nitrate ions: NH4+ and NO3-) in soil samples. The laser used to create the LIG was operated at distinct pulse rates (10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 ...


Silk-Derived Graphene-Like Carbon With High Electrocatalytic Activity For Oxygen Reduction Reaction, Qingfa Wang, Ruoping Yanzhang, Yaqing Wu, Han Zhu, Junfeng Zhang, Mingliang Du, Ming Zhang, Li Wang, Xiangwen Zhang, Xinhua Liang Sep 2018

Silk-Derived Graphene-Like Carbon With High Electrocatalytic Activity For Oxygen Reduction Reaction, Qingfa Wang, Ruoping Yanzhang, Yaqing Wu, Han Zhu, Junfeng Zhang, Mingliang Du, Ming Zhang, Li Wang, Xiangwen Zhang, Xinhua Liang

Xinhua Liang

A facile method to prepare the nanoporous and graphene-like carbon material from a natural silk fiber was developed by a potassium intercalation and carbonization procedure. The as-synthesized graphene-like fiber was employed for oxygen reduction reaction and exhibited impressive electrocatalytic activity.


Synthesis And Drop-On-Demand Deposition Of Graphene Derivative Inks For Flexible Thin Film Electronics, Dogan M. Sinar Aug 2018

Synthesis And Drop-On-Demand Deposition Of Graphene Derivative Inks For Flexible Thin Film Electronics, Dogan M. Sinar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation presents methods for deposition and post-processing of Graphene-Carboxymethyl Cellulose (G-CMC) and Graphene Oxide (GO) aqueous functional inks using a custom drop-on-demand (DOD) printer to fabricate mechanically flexible, non-transparent and transparent thin film electronic devices. Thin films on flexible substrates find use in lightweight, low profile, and conformable electronic devices. Such devices can include chemical sensors, flexible RFID tags, bioelectronics circuits, lightweight electronics for space systems, and transparent electrodes for optoelectronic systems. The goal of this research project is to provide simple methods for fabrication of these devices using environmentally friendly and easy to synthesize functional inks. Therefore, two ...


Dynamical Thermal Conductivity Of Suspended Graphene Ribbons In The Hydrodynamic Regime, Zlatan Aksamija, Arnab K. Majee Jul 2018

Dynamical Thermal Conductivity Of Suspended Graphene Ribbons In The Hydrodynamic Regime, Zlatan Aksamija, Arnab K. Majee

Zlatan Aksamija

The steady-state behavior of thermal transport in bulk and nanostructured semiconductors has been widely
studied, both theoretically and experimentally. On the other hand, fast transients and frequency dynamics of
thermal conduction has been given less attention. The frequency response of thermal conductivity has become
more crucial in recent years, especially in light of the constant rise in the clock frequencies in microprocessors
and terahertz sensing applications. Thermal conductivity in response to a time-varying temperature field starts
decaying when the frequency exceeds a cutoff frequency Omega_c, which is related to the inverse of phonon relaxation time τ, on the order of ...


Polymer Nanocomposites Containing High Aspect Ratio Particulates: Innovation In Co-Extruded Multilayer Barrier Films, Kevin Meyers May 2018

Polymer Nanocomposites Containing High Aspect Ratio Particulates: Innovation In Co-Extruded Multilayer Barrier Films, Kevin Meyers

Dissertations

Delaminated montmorillonite (MMT) clay/ maleic anhydride grafted LLDPE nanocomposite multilayer films with alternating layers of LDPE were produced through multilayer co-extrusion. The MMT concentration within the nanocomposite layers was increased through annealing the films in the melt due to a mismatch in interdiffusion rates of the polymer layers. Analysis of the nanocomposite layers upon annealing revealed that the platelets impinged upon one another resulting in significant improvement in oxygen barrier in the multilayer system, exceeding the results of bulk nanocomposites.

Model analysis demonstrated that increasing the nanoplatelet aspect ratio or initial concentration in the filled layers would lead to even ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of Graphene Based 2d Materials For Supercapacitors, Anishkumar Manoharan May 2018

Fabrication And Characterization Of Graphene Based 2d Materials For Supercapacitors, Anishkumar Manoharan

Theses and Dissertations

Supercapacitors have attracted a lot attention due to their efficient energy storage. In comparison to batteries, supercapacitors have high capacitance, energy, and power densities per unit mass than conventional capacitors. Carbon based materials are most promising in supercapacitor application due to their outstanding physical and electrochemical behavior. In this work, a facile method to synthesize a nanocomposite electrode consisting of annealed carbon from carbon ink and MoS2 was demonstrated. Effects of various aqueous and solid electrolytes were studied. It was found that the nanocomposite electrode with 10% MoS2 and 1M Na2SO4 as the aqueous electrolyte tested using the three electrode ...