Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Graphene

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 409

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Advances In The Synthesis And Application Of Anti-Fouling Membranes Using Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials, Asif Shahzad, Jae Min Oh, Mudassar Azam, Jibran Iqbal, Sabir Hussain, Waheed Miran, Kashif Rasool Aug 2021

Advances In The Synthesis And Application Of Anti-Fouling Membranes Using Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials, Asif Shahzad, Jae Min Oh, Mudassar Azam, Jibran Iqbal, Sabir Hussain, Waheed Miran, Kashif Rasool

All Works

This article provides a comprehensive review of the recent progress in the application of advanced two-dimensional nanomaterials (2DNMs) in membranes fabrication and application for water purification. The membranes fouling, its types, and anti-fouling mechanisms of different 2DNMs containing membrane systems are also discussed. The developments in membrane synthesis and modification using 2DNMs, especially graphene and graphene family materials, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), MXenes, and others are critically reviewed. Further, the application potential of next-generation 2DNMs-based membranes in water/wastewater treatment systems is surveyed. Finally, the current problems and future opportunities of applying 2DNMs for anti-fouling membranes are also debated.


Review: Factors Affecting Composite Laminates Against Lightning Strikes, Aaryan Manoj Nair Jul 2021

Review: Factors Affecting Composite Laminates Against Lightning Strikes, Aaryan Manoj Nair

Publications and Research

Lightning strike protection (LSP) have recently been a newly developing field particularly with the emergence of graphene thin film integration into carbon fiber composite structures. This technology has a widespread application in airplanes, wind turbines, and other instruments which are susceptible to frequent lightning strikes. Electrical discharge of the instrument in a safe manner is vital for the safety of the passengers (in the case of flights) as well as the integrity of the aircraft structures because of their specific mechanical and structural properties, which are essential for their functioning. The purpose of the study is to fabricate graphene thin ...


Graphene As A Shielding Material For Sar Reduction In Human Head Using Rectangular And Circular Patch Antenna, Alka Singla Er., Anupma Marwaha Dr., Sanjay Marwaha Dr. Jun 2021

Graphene As A Shielding Material For Sar Reduction In Human Head Using Rectangular And Circular Patch Antenna, Alka Singla Er., Anupma Marwaha Dr., Sanjay Marwaha Dr.

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Nanomaterials pave the way for better performance in wireless applications due to their unique properties. Nowadays, these have been used as shield material in dipole antennas for a solution of reduction in SAR value. This work proposes the use of emerging graphene nanomaterial by comparing the performance for two different shapes of patch antenna namely rectangular and circular patch. With the growth in technology, the protection of human health is also mandatory so the work is planned to use graphene as a shielding material for SAR reduction in the human brain and it is proved that for rectangular and circular ...


Biofabricated Constructs Of Carbon-Based Nanoparticles With Mesenchymal Stem Cells For Orthopedic Repair, Steven D. Newby May 2021

Biofabricated Constructs Of Carbon-Based Nanoparticles With Mesenchymal Stem Cells For Orthopedic Repair, Steven D. Newby

Doctoral Dissertations

Breakthroughs in tissue engineering are moving at a rapid rate especially in the regenerative bone biofabrication. Technology growth in the field of additive manufacturing (AM) such 3D bioprinting which provides the ability to create biocompatible 3D construct on which a cell source could be seeded is an encouraging substitute to autologous grafts.

This present research aims to biofabricate a construct for bone tissue engineering using AM technology. The biocompatible material was chosen corresponding to bones extracellular matrix (ECM) composition, which demonstrates an inorganic and organic development phase: Poly (lactic-glycolic acid) was chosen as the polymeric matrix of the compound, due ...


Development Of A Laser-Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition (Cvd) Technique To Grow Carbon-Based Materials, Abiodun Ademola Odusanya May 2021

Development Of A Laser-Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition (Cvd) Technique To Grow Carbon-Based Materials, Abiodun Ademola Odusanya

MSU Graduate Theses

Carbon-based materials (CBMs) including graphene, carbon nanotubes (CNT), highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG), and pyrolytic carbon (PyC) have gained so much attention in research in recent years because of their unique electronic, optical, thermal, and mechanical properties. CBMs are relatively very stable and have minimal environmental footprint. Various techniques such as mechanical exfoliation, pulsed laser deposition, and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) have been used to grow CBMs and among them thermal CVD is the most common. This study aims to explore ways of reducing the energy requirement to produce CBMs, and for that, a novel pulsed laser-assisted CVD technique had ...


Flexible Nanopaper Composed Of Wood-Derived Nanofibrillated Cellulose And Graphene Building Blocks, Qing Li, Ming Dai, Xueren Qian, Tian Liu, Zhenbo Liu, Yu Liu, Ming Chen, Wang He, Suqing Zeng, Yu Meng, Chenchen Dai, Jing Shen, Yingtao Liu, Wenshuai Chen, Wenbo Liu, Ping Lu Jan 2021

Flexible Nanopaper Composed Of Wood-Derived Nanofibrillated Cellulose And Graphene Building Blocks, Qing Li, Ming Dai, Xueren Qian, Tian Liu, Zhenbo Liu, Yu Liu, Ming Chen, Wang He, Suqing Zeng, Yu Meng, Chenchen Dai, Jing Shen, Yingtao Liu, Wenshuai Chen, Wenbo Liu, Ping Lu

Faculty Scholarship for the College of Science & Mathematics

Nanopaper has attracted considerable interest in the fields of films and paper research. However, the challenge of integrating the many advantages of nanopaper still remains. Herein, we developed a facile strategy to fabricate multifunctional nanocomposite paper (NGCP) composed of wood-derived nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) and graphene as building blocks. NFC suspension was consisted of long and entangled NFCs (10–30 nm in width) and their aggregates. Before NGCP formation, NFC was chemically modified with a silane coupling agent to ensure that it could interact strongly with graphene in NGCP. The resulting NGCP samples were flexible and could be bent repeatedly without ...


Experimental Validation Of Bulk-Graphene As A Thermoelectric Generator, Muhammad Uzair Khan, Amir Naveed, Syed Ehtisham Gillani, Dawar Awan, Muhammad Arif, Shaista Afridi, Muhammad Hamyun, Muhammad Asif, Saadia Tabassum, Muhammad Sadiq, Muhammad Lais, Muhammad Aslam, Saeed Ullah Jan, Zeeshan Ahad Jan 2021

Experimental Validation Of Bulk-Graphene As A Thermoelectric Generator, Muhammad Uzair Khan, Amir Naveed, Syed Ehtisham Gillani, Dawar Awan, Muhammad Arif, Shaista Afridi, Muhammad Hamyun, Muhammad Asif, Saadia Tabassum, Muhammad Sadiq, Muhammad Lais, Muhammad Aslam, Saeed Ullah Jan, Zeeshan Ahad

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Quest for alternate energy sources is the core of most of the research activities these days. No matter how small or large amount of energy can be produced by utilizing the non-conventional techniques and sources, every bit of innovation can reshape the future of energy. In this work, experimental analysis of the thermoelectric (TE) properties of bulk-graphene in the temperature range of (303 to 363) K is presented. Graphene powder was pressed to form a pellet which was used to fabricate the TE device. The effects of temperature on the Seebeck coefficient, electrical and thermal conductivities, and the dimensionless figure ...


Inkjet Printing Of Graphene, Lauren Hoang, Hiromichi Yamamoto, Yeonjoon Suh, George Patrick Watson Dec 2020

Inkjet Printing Of Graphene, Lauren Hoang, Hiromichi Yamamoto, Yeonjoon Suh, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

The optimization of inkjet printing graphene using a Fujifilm Dimatix Inkjet printer, is described in this study. The number of printing passes were varied, and relatively uniform lines were obtained. The printing parameter considerations and optimized printing parameters for graphene are also discussed.


Two New Finite Element Schemes And Their Analysis For Modeling Of Wave Propagation In Graphene, Jichun Li Dec 2020

Two New Finite Element Schemes And Their Analysis For Modeling Of Wave Propagation In Graphene, Jichun Li

Mathematical Sciences Faculty Publications

© 2020 The Author(s) In this paper, we investigate a system of governing equations for modeling wave propagation in graphene. Compared to our previous work (Yang et al., 2020), here we re-investigate the governing equations by eliminating two auxiliary unknowns from the original model. A totally new stability for the model is established for the first time. Since the finite element scheme proposed in Yang et al. (2020) is only first order in time, here we propose two new schemes with second order convergence in time for the simplified modeling equations. Discrete stabilities inheriting exactly the same form as the ...


Additive Manufacturing Of Graphene-Based Devices For Flexible Hybrid Electronics, Twinkle Pandhi Dec 2020

Additive Manufacturing Of Graphene-Based Devices For Flexible Hybrid Electronics, Twinkle Pandhi

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

In this work, I investigate and enhance the fundamental sensing properties of printed electronic nanomaterials (e.g., graphene) in real-world environments while decreasing weight, cost, and power consumption. The dissertation addresses this issue with the following foci in mind: (1) developing a straightforward and repeatable process to synthesize graphene ink which is also compatible with Inkjet-printing (IJP) and Aerosol Jet printing (AJP). (2) Tuning additive manufacturing printing (IJP and AJP) parameters to establish a repeatable manufacturing process and print high performing (graphene-based) electrodes and interconnects, compatible with the underlying substrate. (3) Investigate power dissipation and electrical breakdown in AJP printed ...


Carbon Nanotube-On-Graphene Heterostructures, Yu Zheng, Dongmeng Li, Zubair Ahmed, Jeongwon Park, Changjian Zhou, Cary Y. Yang Nov 2020

Carbon Nanotube-On-Graphene Heterostructures, Yu Zheng, Dongmeng Li, Zubair Ahmed, Jeongwon Park, Changjian Zhou, Cary Y. Yang

Electrical and Computer Engineering

This paper presents a brief review of experimental and theoretical studies on a three-dimensional heterostructure consisting of vertical carbon nanotubes (CNTs) connected perpendicularly to a graphene layer. This structure can serve as a potential building block for an all-carbon network in energy storage devices and on-chip interconnects. The review highlights reported works on the fabrication and characterization of such a heterostructure, with focus on the effect of the CNT-graphene interface on electrical conduction. While a direct comparison between experiment and theory is not possible at this time, a brief survey of theoretical efforts based on atomic cluster models nonetheless reveals ...


The Use Of Graphene-Based Earphones In Wireless Communication, Luqi Tao, Song Jiang, Cheng Li, He Tian, Ningqin Deng, Danyang Wang, Yi Yang, Tian-Ling Ren Oct 2020

The Use Of Graphene-Based Earphones In Wireless Communication, Luqi Tao, Song Jiang, Cheng Li, He Tian, Ningqin Deng, Danyang Wang, Yi Yang, Tian-Ling Ren

Tsinghua Science and Technology

Graphene-based materials have attracted much attention in recent years. Many researchers have demonstrated prototypes using graphene-based materials, but few specific applications have appeared. Graphene-based acoustic devices have become a popular topic. This paper describes a novel method to fabricate graphene-based earphones by laser scribing. The earphones have been used in wireless communication systems. A wireless communication system was built based on an ARM board. Voice from a mobile phone was transmitted to a graphene-based earphone. The output sound had a similar wave envelope to that of the input; some differences were introduced by the DC bias added to the driving ...


Recent Advances In Graphene-Based Materials For Fuel Cell Applications, Hanrui Su, Yun Hang Hu Oct 2020

Recent Advances In Graphene-Based Materials For Fuel Cell Applications, Hanrui Su, Yun Hang Hu

Michigan Tech Publications

The unique chemical and physical properties of graphene and its derivatives (graphene oxide, heteroatom-doped graphene, and functionalized graphene) have stimulated tremendous efforts and made significant progress in fuel cell applications. This review focuses on the latest advances in the use of graphene-based materials in electrodes, electrolytes, and bipolar plates for fuel cells. The understanding of structure-activity relationships of metal-free heteroatom-doped graphene and graphene-supported catalysts was highlighted. The performances and advantages of graphene-based materials in membranes and bipolar plates were summarized. We also outlined the challenges and perspectives in using graphene-based materials for fuel cell applications.


Measuring Nanoscale Friction At Graphene Step Edges, Zhe Chen, Seong H. Kim Oct 2020

Measuring Nanoscale Friction At Graphene Step Edges, Zhe Chen, Seong H. Kim

Friction

Although graphene is well known for super-lubricity on its basal plane, friction at its step edge is not well understood and contradictory friction behaviors have been reported. In this study, friction of mono-layer thick graphene step edges was studied using atomic force microscopy (AFM) with a Si tip in dry nitrogen atmosphere. It is found that, when the tip slides over a 'buried’ graphene step edge, there is a resistive force during the step-up motion and an assistive force during the step-down motion due to the topographic height change. The magnitude of these two forces is small and the same ...


Recent Advances In Friction And Lubrication Of Graphene And Other 2d Materials: Mechanisms And Applications, Lincong Liu, Ming Zhou, Long Jin, Liangchuan Li, Youtang Mo, Guoshi Su, Xiao Li, Hongwei Zhu, Yu Tian Oct 2020

Recent Advances In Friction And Lubrication Of Graphene And Other 2d Materials: Mechanisms And Applications, Lincong Liu, Ming Zhou, Long Jin, Liangchuan Li, Youtang Mo, Guoshi Su, Xiao Li, Hongwei Zhu, Yu Tian

Friction

Two-dimensional materials having a layered structure comprise a monolayer or multilayers of atomic thickness and ultra-low shear strength. Their high specific surface area, in-plane strength, weak layer-layer interaction, and surface chemical stability result in remarkably low friction and wear-resisting properties. Thus, 2D materials have attracted considerable attention. In recent years, great advances have been made in the scientific research and industrial applications of anti-friction, anti-wear, and lubrication of 2D materials. In this article, the basic nanoscale friction mechanisms of 2D materials including interfacial friction and surface friction mechanisms are summarized. This paper also includes a review of reports on lubrication ...


Carbon-Based Solid–Liquid Lubricating Coatings For Space Applications–A Review, Xiaoqiang Fan, Qunji Xue, Liping Wang Oct 2020

Carbon-Based Solid–Liquid Lubricating Coatings For Space Applications–A Review, Xiaoqiang Fan, Qunji Xue, Liping Wang

Friction

Despite continuous improvements in machine elements over the past few decades, lubrication issues have impeded human exploration of the universe because single solid or liquid lubrication systems have been unable to satisfy the ever-increasing performance requirements of space tribology. In this study, we present an overview of the development of carbon-based films as protective coatings, with reference to their high hardness, low friction, and chemical inertness, and with a particular focus on diamond-like carbon (DLC) films. We also discuss the design of carbon-based solid–liquid synergy lubricating coatings with regards to their physicochemical properties and tribological performance. Solid–liquid composite ...


Microscale Study Of Frictional Properties Of Graphene In Ultra High Vacuum, Diego Marchetto, Tim Feser, Martin Dienwiebel Oct 2020

Microscale Study Of Frictional Properties Of Graphene In Ultra High Vacuum, Diego Marchetto, Tim Feser, Martin Dienwiebel

Friction

We report on the frictional properties of epitaxial graphene on SiC in ultra high vacuum. Measurements have been performed using a microtribometer in the load regime of 0.5 to 1 mN. We observed that a ruby sphere sliding against graphene results in very low friction coefficients ranging from 0.02 to 0.05. The friction and also the stability of the graphene layer is higher than that under similar conditions in ambient conditions. The friction shows a load dependence. Finally it was found that graphene masks the frictional anisotropy which was observed on the SiC surface.


A Review Of Inkjet Printed Graphene And Carbon Nanotubes Based Gas Sensors, Twinkle Pandhi, Ashita Chandnani, Harish Subbaraman, David Estrada Oct 2020

A Review Of Inkjet Printed Graphene And Carbon Nanotubes Based Gas Sensors, Twinkle Pandhi, Ashita Chandnani, Harish Subbaraman, David Estrada

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Graphene and carbon nanotube (CNT)-based gas/vapor sensors have gained much traction for numerous applications over the last decade due to their excellent sensing performance at ambient conditions. Inkjet printing various forms of graphene (reduced graphene oxide or modified graphene) and CNT (single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs) or multiwall nanotubes (MWNTs)) nanomaterials allows fabrication onto flexible substrates which enable gas sensing applications in flexible electronics. This review focuses on their recent developments and provides an overview of the state-of-the-art in inkjet printing of graphene and CNT based sensors targeting gases, such as NO2, Cl2, CO2, NH3, and ...


Market-Conscious Strategies To Improve The Performance And Stability Of Planar, P-I-N Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Metal Halide Perovskite Solar Cells, Brandon Dunham Sep 2020

Market-Conscious Strategies To Improve The Performance And Stability Of Planar, P-I-N Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Metal Halide Perovskite Solar Cells, Brandon Dunham

Doctoral Dissertations

Planar, p-i-n (inverted) hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite solar cells that use low-temperature, solution-processable charge-transport layers have garnered much attention due to their direct compatibility with flexible substrates and cost-effective roll-to-roll manufacturing. Nevertheless, this architecture has failed to repeatedly achieve the superior power conversion efficiencies frequently attained by its n-i-p counterpart. Additionally, the perovskite active layer has poor stability in the presence of prolonged light exposure, high temperatures, and moisture. In this study, we propose commercially viable strategies to improve the performance and stability of inverted methylammonium lead iodide perovskite solar cells. First, we show that a simple two-step method comprising evaporation-induced ...


Inkjet-Printed Graphene-Based 1 × 2 Phased Array Antenna, Mahmuda Akter Monne, Peter Mack Grubb, Harold Stern, Harish Subbaraman, Ray T. Chen, Maggie Yihong Chen Sep 2020

Inkjet-Printed Graphene-Based 1 × 2 Phased Array Antenna, Mahmuda Akter Monne, Peter Mack Grubb, Harold Stern, Harish Subbaraman, Ray T. Chen, Maggie Yihong Chen

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Low-cost and conformal phased array antennas (PAAs) on flexible substrates are of particular interest in many applications. The major deterrents to developing flexible PAA systems are the difficulty in integrating antenna and electronics circuits on the flexible surface, as well as the bendability and oxidation rate of radiating elements and electronics circuits. In this research, graphene ink was developed from graphene flakes and used to inkjet print the radiating element and the active channel of field effect transistors (FETs). Bending and oxidation tests were carried out to validate the application of printed flexible graphene thin films in flexible electronics. An ...


Aperiodically Ordered Nano-Graphene On The Quasicrystalline Substrate, M. Maniraj, L. Lyu, S. Mousavion, S. Becker, S. Emmerich, D. Jungkenn, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, S. R. Barman, S. Mathias, B. Stadtmüller, M. Aeschlimann Aug 2020

Aperiodically Ordered Nano-Graphene On The Quasicrystalline Substrate, M. Maniraj, L. Lyu, S. Mousavion, S. Becker, S. Emmerich, D. Jungkenn, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, S. R. Barman, S. Mathias, B. Stadtmüller, M. Aeschlimann

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Designing exotic structures in low dimensions is key in today's quest to tailor novel quantum states in materials with unique symmetries. Particularly intriguing materials in this regard are low dimensional aperiodic structures with non-conventional symmetries that are otherwise forbidden in translation symmetric crystals. In our work, we focus on the link between the structural and electronic properties of aperiodically ordered aromatic molecules on a quasicrystalline surface, which has largely been neglected so far. As an exemplary case, we investigate the self-assembly and the interfacial electronic properties of the nano-graphene-like molecule coronene on the bulk truncated icosahedral (i) Al–Pd ...


Free Charge Carrier Properties In Two-Dimensional Materials And Monoclinic Oxides Studied By Optical Hall Effect, Sean Knight Aug 2020

Free Charge Carrier Properties In Two-Dimensional Materials And Monoclinic Oxides Studied By Optical Hall Effect, Sean Knight

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

In this dissertation, optical Hall effect (OHE) measurements are used to determine the free charge carrier properties of important two-dimensional materials and monoclinic oxides. Two-dimensional material systems have proven useful in high-frequency electronic devices due to their unique properties, such as high mobility, which arise from their two-dimensional nature. Monoclinic oxides exhibit many desirable characteristics, for example low-crystal symmetry which could lead to anisotropic carrier properties. Here, single-crystal monoclinic gallium oxide, an AlInN/GaN-based high-electron-mobility transistor (HEMT) structure, and epitaxial graphene are studied as examples. To characterize these material systems, the OHE measurement technique is employed. The OHE is a ...


Laser-Induced Graphene Electrochemical Immunosensors For Rapid And Label-Free Monitoring Of Salmonella Enterica In Chicken Broth, Raquel R. A. Soares, Robert G. Hjort, Cícero C. Pola, Kshama Parate, Efraim L. Reis, Nilda F. F. Soares, Eric S. Mclamore, Jonathan C. Claussen, Carmen L. Gomes Jul 2020

Laser-Induced Graphene Electrochemical Immunosensors For Rapid And Label-Free Monitoring Of Salmonella Enterica In Chicken Broth, Raquel R. A. Soares, Robert G. Hjort, Cícero C. Pola, Kshama Parate, Efraim L. Reis, Nilda F. F. Soares, Eric S. Mclamore, Jonathan C. Claussen, Carmen L. Gomes

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Food-borne illnesses are a growing concern for the food industry and consumers, with millions of cases reported every year. Consequently, there is a critical need to develop rapid, sensitive, and inexpensive techniques for pathogen detection in order to mitigate this problem. However, current pathogen detection strategies mainly include time-consuming laboratory methods and highly trained personnel. Electrochemical in-field biosensors offer a rapid, low-cost alternative to laboratory techniques, but the electrodes used in these biosensors require expensive nanomaterials to increase their sensitivity, such as noble metals (e.g., platinum, gold) or carbon nanomaterials (e.g., carbon nanotubes, or graphene). Herein, we report ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Free-Stand Graphene/Silver Nanowire/Graphene Nano Composite As Transparent Conductive Film With Enhanced Stiffness, Chuanrui Guo, Yanxiao Li, Yanping Zhu, Chenglin Wu, Genda Chen Jul 2020

Synthesis And Characterization Of Free-Stand Graphene/Silver Nanowire/Graphene Nano Composite As Transparent Conductive Film With Enhanced Stiffness, Chuanrui Guo, Yanxiao Li, Yanping Zhu, Chenglin Wu, Genda Chen

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

As-grown graphene via chemical vapor deposition (CVD) has potential defects, cracks, and disordered grain boundaries induced by the synthesis and transfer process. Graphene/silver nanowire/graphene (Gr/AgNW/Gr) sandwich composite has been proposed to overcome these drawbacks significantly as the AgNW network can provide extra connections on graphene layers to enhance the stiffness and electrical conductivity. However, the existing substrate (polyethylene terephthalate (PET), glass, silicon, and so on) for composite production limits its application and mechanics behavior study. In this work, a vacuum annealing method is proposed and validated to synthesize the free-stand Gr/AgNW/Gr nanocomposite film on ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Free-Stand Graphene/Silver Nanowire/Graphene Nano Composite As Transparent Conductive Film With Enhanced Stiffness, Chuanrui Guo, Yanxiao Li, Yanping Zhu, Chenglin Wu, Genda Chen Jul 2020

Synthesis And Characterization Of Free-Stand Graphene/Silver Nanowire/Graphene Nano Composite As Transparent Conductive Film With Enhanced Stiffness, Chuanrui Guo, Yanxiao Li, Yanping Zhu, Chenglin Wu, Genda Chen

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

As-grown graphene via chemical vapor deposition (CVD) has potential defects, cracks, and disordered grain boundaries induced by the synthesis and transfer process. Graphene/silver nanowire/graphene (Gr/AgNW/Gr) sandwich composite has been proposed to overcome these drawbacks significantly as the AgNW network can provide extra connections on graphene layers to enhance the stiffness and electrical conductivity. However, the existing substrate (polyethylene terephthalate (PET), glass, silicon, and so on) for composite production limits its application and mechanics behavior study. In this work, a vacuum annealing method is proposed and validated to synthesize the free-stand Gr/AgNW/Gr nanocomposite film on ...


Tunable Compact Thz Devices Based On Graphene And Other 2d Material Metasurfaces, Tianjing Guo Jul 2020

Tunable Compact Thz Devices Based On Graphene And Other 2d Material Metasurfaces, Tianjing Guo

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Since the isolation of graphene in 2004, a large amount of research has been directed at 2D materials and their applications due to their unique characteristics. Compared with the noble metal plasmons in the visible and near-infrared frequencies, graphene can support surface plasmons in the lower frequencies of terahertz (THz) and midinfrared. Especially, the surface conductivity of graphene can be tuned by either chemical doping or electrostatic gating. As a result, the idea of designing graphene metasurfaces is attractive because of its ultra-broadband response and tunability.

It has been demonstrated theoretically and experimentally that the third-order nonlinearity of graphene at ...


The Hybridization Of A Graphene And Silicon Carbide Schottky Optoelectronic Device By The Incorporation Of A Lead Sulfide Quantum Dot Film, Joshua Letton Jul 2020

The Hybridization Of A Graphene And Silicon Carbide Schottky Optoelectronic Device By The Incorporation Of A Lead Sulfide Quantum Dot Film, Joshua Letton

Theses and Dissertations

The work that follows examines the impact of lead sulfide quantum dots on a native epitaxial graphene (EG) SiC Schottky device, resulting in a hybrid optoelectronic device which presents a possible avenue towards a novel hybrid carbide-based Schottky solar cell. The active (n-type SiC) and contact (graphene) layers for the Schottky junction of the device were grown epitaxially using a novel technique incorporating tetrafluorosilane (TFS) as a precursor gas. The bare EG/SiC device was characterized based on its I-V behavior in dark and under illumination for both forward and reverse bias conditions. The initial characterization demonstrated the expected Schottky ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of Flexible Three-Phase Zno-Graphene-Epoxy Electro-Active Thin-Film Nanocomposites: Towards Applications In Wearable Biomedical Devices, Mandeep Singh, Sanjeev Kumar, Shervin Zoghi, Debaki Sarcar, Saquib Ahmed, Shaestagir Chowdhury, Sankha Banerjee Jul 2020

Fabrication And Characterization Of Flexible Three-Phase Zno-Graphene-Epoxy Electro-Active Thin-Film Nanocomposites: Towards Applications In Wearable Biomedical Devices, Mandeep Singh, Sanjeev Kumar, Shervin Zoghi, Debaki Sarcar, Saquib Ahmed, Shaestagir Chowdhury, Sankha Banerjee

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Perovskite oxides have been used as sensors, actuators, transducers, for sound generation and detection, and also in optical instruments and microscopes. Perovskite halides are currently considered as optoelectronic devices such as solar cells, photodetectors, and radiation detection, but there are major issues with stability, interfacial recombination, and electron/hole mobility. The following work looks into the fabrication of non-toxic ZnO-based lead-free alternatives to perovskite oxides for use as secondary sensors or electron transport layers along with perovskite halides for application in stacked biomedical wearable devices. Three-phase, lead-free, Zinc Oxide-Graphene-Epoxy electroactive nanocomposite thin films were fabricated. The volume fraction of the ...


Aerosol-Jet-Printed Graphene Electrochemical Histamine Sensors For Food Safety Monitoring, Kshama Parate, Cícero C. Pola, Sonal V. Rangnekar, Deyny L. Mendivelso-Perez, Emily A. Smith, Mark C. Hersam, Carmen L. Gomes, Jonathan C. Claussen Jun 2020

Aerosol-Jet-Printed Graphene Electrochemical Histamine Sensors For Food Safety Monitoring, Kshama Parate, Cícero C. Pola, Sonal V. Rangnekar, Deyny L. Mendivelso-Perez, Emily A. Smith, Mark C. Hersam, Carmen L. Gomes, Jonathan C. Claussen

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Carbon nanomaterials such as graphene exhibit unique material properties including high electrical conductivity, surface area, and biocompatibility that have the potential to significantly improve the performance of electrochemical sensors. Since in-field electrochemical sensors are typically disposable, they require materials that are amenable to low-cost, high-throughput, and scalable manufacturing. Conventional graphene devices based on low-yield chemical vapor deposition techniques are too expensive for such applications, while low-cost alternatives such as screen and inkjet printing do not possess sufficient control over electrode geometry to achieve favorable electrochemical sensor performance. In this work, aerosol jet printing (AJP) is used to create high-resolution (~40 ...


Ion‐Selective Sensors Based On Laser‐Induced Graphene For Evaluating Human Hydration Levels Using Urine Samples, Ivan S. Kucherenko, Delaney Sanborn, Bolin Chen, Nate Garland, Michael Serhan, Erica Forzani, Carmen L. Gomes, Jonathan C. Claussen Jun 2020

Ion‐Selective Sensors Based On Laser‐Induced Graphene For Evaluating Human Hydration Levels Using Urine Samples, Ivan S. Kucherenko, Delaney Sanborn, Bolin Chen, Nate Garland, Michael Serhan, Erica Forzani, Carmen L. Gomes, Jonathan C. Claussen

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Complex graphene electrode fabrication protocols including conventional chemical vapor deposition and graphene transfer techniques as well as more recent solution‐phase printing and postprint annealing methods have hindered the wide‐scale implementation of electrochemical devices including solid‐state ion‐selective electrodes (ISEs). Herein, a facile graphene ISE fabrication technique that utilizes laser induced graphene (LIG), formed by converting polyimide into graphene by a CO2 laser and functionalization with ammonium ion (NH4+) and potassium ion (K+) ion‐selective membranes, is demonstrated. The electrochemical LIG ISEs exhibit a wide sensing range (0.1 × 10−3–150 × 10−3 m for NH4+ and ...