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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Feasibility Study Of Portable Solar Powered Blood Storing Refrigerator, Saroj Subedi May 2021

Feasibility Study Of Portable Solar Powered Blood Storing Refrigerator, Saroj Subedi

Honors Theses

This report is focused on the preliminary feasibility of portable solar-powered blood-storing refrigerators primarily based on calculations of energy required to maintain the temperature of the refrigerator, the electricity required throughout the day, calculating sufficiency of power supplied by the solar panel, and selection of battery for power storage. The method and the trend of a feasibility study involve the study of blood properties, separation of blood components after donation, and their storage conditions. Then, the portable size of the refrigeration has been proposed with three different compartments for storage of each blood component. The further methods involve the selection ...


Smud Solar Regatta, Logan Garby, Nam Le, Jacob Singer, Alejandro Carrera, Laura Casas Mar 2021

Smud Solar Regatta, Logan Garby, Nam Le, Jacob Singer, Alejandro Carrera, Laura Casas

Mechanical Engineering

The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) hosts the Solar Regatta every year in Rancho Seco, CA, a competition which consists of teams building a solar powered boat to compete in three races: the sprint race, endurance race, and slalom race. The Cal Poly Solar Regatta team was informed mid-project by SMUD that the competition has been canceled once again for spring 2021, but the team decided to move forward with the construction of the boat. The previous Cal Poly team from 2019/2020 designed the hull and propulsion system of the boat. The 2020/2021 team worked with the previous ...


Cold Plasma Enhanced Active Sites On Supported Nip Nanoparticles For The Oxygen Evolution Reaction, Michael Ricci Jan 2021

Cold Plasma Enhanced Active Sites On Supported Nip Nanoparticles For The Oxygen Evolution Reaction, Michael Ricci

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Identifying materials to efficiently facilitate the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is key to advancing water electrolysis, an essential technology in the pathway towards a sustainable energy future. Here, we explore cold-plasma treatment as a facile method to enhance the activity of NiP nanoparticles supported on activated carbon. NiP nanoparticles were synthesized on an activated carbon support using a solid-state method and were then treated with argon, oxygen, and hydrogen plasmas for extended times. In all cases, plasma treatment reduced the number of active sites on the support. OER activity was evaluated by testing the materials in alkaline conditions. The activities ...


Clearance Of Solid Household Waste With The Reception Of Alternative Types Of Energy Carriers, Rakhmatullayev F, Turabdhanov S Nov 2020

Clearance Of Solid Household Waste With The Reception Of Alternative Types Of Energy Carriers, Rakhmatullayev F, Turabdhanov S

Technical science and innovation

The research is devoted to improving the technology of obtaining alternative types of energy carriers by applying methods of pyrolysis of unclaimed types of solid domestic wastes of biological origin, which also allow solving the tasks of improving the ecological situation in the places of formation. The practical value and relevance of this research lies in the development of advanced technology for obtaining alternative fuels. The proposed pyrolysis unit allows producing gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons in a continuous cycle. In the atmosphere of the gasifying agent (air, oxygen, water vapor, carbon dioxide or their mixture), the gasification process is primarily ...


Triboelectric Energy Harvester With Large Bandwidth Under Harmonic And Random Excitations, Alwathiqbellah Ibrahim, Abdallah Ramini, Shahrzad Towfighian Nov 2020

Triboelectric Energy Harvester With Large Bandwidth Under Harmonic And Random Excitations, Alwathiqbellah Ibrahim, Abdallah Ramini, Shahrzad Towfighian

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper investigates an approach to impact vibration energy harvesting using a triboelectric mechanism under harmonic and random excitation. The harvester consists of a clamped–clamped beam with a stiff plate in the middle to realize the impact electrification process when subjected to external vibrations. The harvester uses stiffening in the clamped–clamped beam introduced by the impact between two triboelectric layers to increase the frequency bandwidth. A piecewise theoretical model is used to model the harvester for two scenarios of motions, before and after impact. The harvester is tested experimentally under different harmonic excitation to validate the theoretical model ...


Smart Energy Management System For Domestic Applications In Pakistan, Hamid Khan, Gulzar Ahmed, Sikandar Khan Sep 2020

Smart Energy Management System For Domestic Applications In Pakistan, Hamid Khan, Gulzar Ahmed, Sikandar Khan

International Journal of Power System Operation and Energy Management

Modern lifestyle has put natural resources under unprecedented strain. The ever increasing demand for energy asks for not only increase in the production of energy but for ways and means to efficiently manage energy from various sources. Pakistan is experiencing the worst energy crisis in its history that has crippled its economy and impeded its GDP growth. Absence of any potent government effort to resolve the crisis has forced the households to look for alternate sources of energy. The solutions employed by the household range from gas powered generator units to solar and wind power units. Fluctuations in gas supply ...


Improving Fuel Economy Of A Hybrid Electric Powertrain By Downsizing, Martin Anandaraj J, Ramyaa A. M Sep 2020

Improving Fuel Economy Of A Hybrid Electric Powertrain By Downsizing, Martin Anandaraj J, Ramyaa A. M

International Journal of Power System Operation and Energy Management

This paper aims at the development of a hybrid electric powertrain which is focused on grater fuel economy by downsizing when compared with present and future developed powertrains. In this work, the proposed hybrid vehicle is powered by four systems, a rule based system (RBS) which mainly explores the engine efficiency; a Speed Control System (SCS) which is focused on the speed control of Traction Motor and individual Front Wheel Motors; a Powertrain Feedback System (PFS) which mainly monitors the powertrain efficiency so as to maintain vehicle dynamics appropriately and a Selective Perpetual Motion System (SPMS) through which power management ...


Cost Analysis Of Optimized Islanded Energy Systems In A Dispersed Air Base Conflict, Jay F. Pearson, Torrey J. Wagner, Justin D. Delorit Sep 2020

Cost Analysis Of Optimized Islanded Energy Systems In A Dispersed Air Base Conflict, Jay F. Pearson, Torrey J. Wagner, Justin D. Delorit

Faculty Publications

The United States Air Force has implemented a dispersed air base strategy to enhance mission effectiveness for near-peer conflicts. Asset dispersal places many smaller bases across a wide geographic area, which increases resupply requirements and logistical complexity. Hybrid energy systems reduce resupply requirements through sustainable, off-grid energy production. This paper presents a novel hybrid energy renewable delivery system (HERDS) model capable of (1) selecting the optimal hybrid energy system design that meets demand at the lowest net present cost and (2) optimizing the delivery of the selected system using existing Air Force cargo aircraft. The novelty of the model’s ...


Mapping The Molecular Interface Of A Gpcr Dimer, Zhenqi Li Aug 2020

Mapping The Molecular Interface Of A Gpcr Dimer, Zhenqi Li

Theses - ALL

G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the most diverse membrane proteins in eukaryotes that transmit chemical signals to the cell. GPCRs are considered the largest family of targets for approved drugs on the market. Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1P1), a widely expressed GPCR protein in many cell types, performs signal transduction function not only in the monomeric state but also in the dimeric or complex oligomeric states. However, the detail of the S1P1 assembly is still not clearly understood. Cholesterol is believed to affect S1P1 dimerization, but the details of the cholesterol-binding sites with S1P1 are not well understood. In this project ...


Cooperative Mimo Communications In Wireless Ad Hoc Rayleigh Fading Networks, Isna Moiz Hussain, K. Swapna Swapna Aug 2020

Cooperative Mimo Communications In Wireless Ad Hoc Rayleigh Fading Networks, Isna Moiz Hussain, K. Swapna Swapna

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

In this paper addresses Rayleigh fading networks, and in particular, wireless ad-hoc and sensor networks over Rayleigh fading channels. First, we will model Rayleigh fading networks and show how to map the wireless fading channel to the upper layer parameters for cross-layer design. Based on the developed fading network model, we will consider two scarce resources of wireless networks, namely energy and medium, and develop a cross-layer way to improve their efficiency. In particular, we will first study the energy-efficiency and introduce a new parameter, Energy Cost Factor, as the counterpart of Transport Capacity in wireless transmission. We investigate the ...


Improving The Piezoelectric Properties Of Flexible Polymer-Nanoparticle Energy Harvesters, Muhammet Emin Cavusoglu Jun 2020

Improving The Piezoelectric Properties Of Flexible Polymer-Nanoparticle Energy Harvesters, Muhammet Emin Cavusoglu

Theses and Dissertations

In this research, one of the widely used polymers, poly(vinylidene fluoride)(PVDF), was used to develop thin-film polymer energy harvesters. Dimethylformamide (DMF) and methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) were used to dissolve the PVDF powder. Four different (0%, 3%, 5%, and 7%) ZnO nanoparticle (NP) concentrations were used to enhance the electrical output of the thin-film energy harvesters. A sonication bath and additional MEK were used in dispersing the ZnO NPs to obtained uniform PVDF/ZnO NP solution. The electrode poling technique was used for dipole alignment to improve the electrical performance of the devices. The fabricated samples were tested ...


Energy And Economic Losses Due To Soiling On Utility Scale Pv Systems To Guide Timing Of Cost Effective Cleaning, Jackson P. Puckett, Maximilian M. Sosa, Brandon F. Grossman Jun 2020

Energy And Economic Losses Due To Soiling On Utility Scale Pv Systems To Guide Timing Of Cost Effective Cleaning, Jackson P. Puckett, Maximilian M. Sosa, Brandon F. Grossman

Electrical Engineering

The energy and associated economic losses due to soiling on both residential and utility scale PV (photovoltaic) systems can be both significant and avoidable. Losses from 1.2% up to 6% have been reported, which is of interest to system operators [1]. Modules may be cleaned to reduce losses, but this comes with an offsetting economic cost. A quantification of energy losses, and the corresponding economic loss, will allow a determination of a closer to optimal cleaning schedule depending on the level of soiling and corresponding energy loss. Two methods are proposed and compared. Method 1 uses an ARES Soiling ...


Integrated Resource Plan For Portland General Electric (Pge), Mary Biswal, Alejandro Castelan May 2020

Integrated Resource Plan For Portland General Electric (Pge), Mary Biswal, Alejandro Castelan

Master's Projects and Capstones

An integrated resource plan (IRP) for Portland General Electric (PGE) is developed in this master’s project. The IRP is based on capacity expansion modeling for zero-carbon emission scenarios. PGE is a public electric utility based in Oregon and serves around 887,000 customers across a territory of 4,000 sq. miles. The utility’s resource mix is currently heavily dependent on natural gas making up almost 50% of its capacity. While the state renewable portfolio standards (RPS) require Oregon power utilities to derive 50% of their generation from renewable sources by 2040, PGE plans to move rapidly into a ...


An Integrated Resource Plan For Arizona Public Service Electric (Aps), Irene Boghdadi, Randy Chiu May 2020

An Integrated Resource Plan For Arizona Public Service Electric (Aps), Irene Boghdadi, Randy Chiu

Master's Projects and Capstones

Our Masters Capstone Project is an Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) for Arizona’s largest electric utility, Arizona Public Service Electric (APS).

An IRP is developed by utilities to identify the optimal combination of demand- and supply-side resources needed to reliably meet forecasted demand for energy and capacity, including a planning reserve margin, over a future period.

In addition to APS’s obligation to serve the growing load in Arizona while minimizing costs, it is required by the state to adhere to the Renewable Energy Standard (RES) policy of 15 percent retail sales from renewable energy resources by 2025.

The analysis ...


An Assessment Of Renewable Energy Technology Implementation In Storrs, Connecticut: Emissions Reduction And Feasibility Of A Microgrid System At Uconn, Sophie Macdonald May 2020

An Assessment Of Renewable Energy Technology Implementation In Storrs, Connecticut: Emissions Reduction And Feasibility Of A Microgrid System At Uconn, Sophie Macdonald

Honors Scholar Theses

The purpose of this project is to design a clean energy-sourced microgrid for UConn’s main campus that would reduce the university’s energy emissions while remaining within the geographic boundaries of viable UConn-owned land. Economic cost was not considered in this analysis; instead, emissions and space constraints were the optimized measures of value and feasibility. Sources of energy that were considered include photovoltaics (PV), wind turbines, hydrokinetic systems, and fuel cells. Energy storage capacity was included in the analysis as well. The overall system was optimized first by ignoring space constraints and for a minimum of 10% reduction from ...


Energy Storage Systems For Traction And Renewable Energy Applications, Hamad Abdullah Aldawsari Apr 2020

Energy Storage Systems For Traction And Renewable Energy Applications, Hamad Abdullah Aldawsari

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Energy storage systems are the set of technologies used to store various forms of energy, and by necessity, can be discharged. Energy storage technologies have a wide range of characteristics and specifications. Like any other technology, each type of energy storage has its pros and cons. Depending on the application, it is crucial to perform a tradeoff study between the various energy storage options to choose the optimal solution based on the key performance objectives and various aspects of those technologies. The purpose of this thesis is to present a thorough literature review of the various energy storage options highlighting ...


Energy Conservation With Open Source Ad Blockers, Joshua M. Pearce Mar 2020

Energy Conservation With Open Source Ad Blockers, Joshua M. Pearce

Michigan Tech Publications

Internet-related electricity consumption is rising rapidly as global Internet users spend more than 6.5 h per day online. Open source ad blockers have the potential to reduce the time and thus electricity spent using computers by eliminating ads during Internet browsing and video streaming. In this study, three open source ad blockers are tested against a no-ad blocker control. Page load time is recorded for browsing a representative selection of the globally most-accessed websites, and the time spent watching ads on videos is quantified for both trending and non-trending content. The results show that page load time dropped 11 ...


Adaptable Clean Energy Laboratory, Joao Marcelo Rocha Belmonte, Marc D. Compere Jan 2020

Adaptable Clean Energy Laboratory, Joao Marcelo Rocha Belmonte, Marc D. Compere

Sustainability Conference

The Adaptable Clean Energy (ACE) Lab is a real-world, long term, test platform that will guide the courses of the Energy Systems track. The lab will provide realistic electrical and HVAC loads that mimic a solar powered office. The lab is a 20’ high cube shipping container modified with a door, windows, lights computers, air conditioner and appliances. The lab is Net-Zero and powered entirely from the sun. Two insulation test sections expose the exterior walls for research access to real external heat loads in a real building


Lasers And Their Application In Heating Technology, Khalmanov A., Aymatov R., Omonkulov O., Khudaykulov A. Jan 2020

Lasers And Their Application In Heating Technology, Khalmanov A., Aymatov R., Omonkulov O., Khudaykulov A.

Problems of Architecture and Construction

Heat engineering is one of the common technical subjects that are important for heat engineering, such as heat generation by radiation, light transmission by optical lubricants, and the use of transmitted light energy. Currently, the laser is a powerful light-emitting diet and is based on the radiation generated by the electron transport of a layer of atomic energy.In article, a heat exchanger is considered in the high-temperature region and the laser radiation in heaters exceeds other heat exchange intensities.


Dual-Axis Solar Tracker, Bryan Kennedy Jan 2020

Dual-Axis Solar Tracker, Bryan Kennedy

All Undergraduate Projects

Renewable energies, and fuels that are not fossil fuel-based, are one of the prolific topics of debate in modern society. With climate change now becoming a primary focus for scientists and innovators of today, one of the areas for the largest amount of potential and growth is that of the capturing and utilization of Solar Energy. This method involves using a mechanical system to track the progression of the sun as it traverses the sky throughout the day. A dual-axis solar tracker such as the one designed and built for this project, can follow the sun both azimuthally and in ...


Outage Probability And Throughput Analyses In Full-Duplex Relaying Systems With Energy Transfer, Jiaman Li, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei Jan 2020

Outage Probability And Throughput Analyses In Full-Duplex Relaying Systems With Energy Transfer, Jiaman Li, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

In this article, we consider a dual-hop full-duplex (FD), amplify-and-forward, orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) relaying network, where the relay operates based on a time-switching architecture to harvest energy from radio frequency signals. We use a polarization-enabled digital self-interference cancellation (PDC) scheme to cancel the self-interference signal at the relay in order to achieve FD communications. The paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the system performances in terms of outage probability and throughput over multipath Rayleigh fading channels. Furthermore, the optimal time split between the duration of energy harvesting and signal transmission to maximize the system throughput is numerically calculated ...


Design And Optimization Of A Novel Dual-Port Linear Generator For Oceanic Wave Energy Conversion, Omar Farrok, Md Rabiul Islam, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Danny Sutanto, Jianguo Zhu Jan 2020

Design And Optimization Of A Novel Dual-Port Linear Generator For Oceanic Wave Energy Conversion, Omar Farrok, Md Rabiul Islam, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Danny Sutanto, Jianguo Zhu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

All the existing linear generators used for oceanic wave energy conversions are basically a single-port linear electrical generators (SPLEGs). The conventional SPLEG transfers electrical power to the load/grid discontinuously due to its working principle and the intermittent nature of oceanic waves. This paper proposes a new dual-port linear electrical generator (DPLEG) topology, which is capable to transfer electrical power with an adequate voltage even at zero vertical velocity of the oceanic wave. The analysis shows that the efficiency and the performance of the DPLEG depend greatly on the stator tooth design. For this reason, the proposed DPLEG is optimized ...


Ultrahigh Energy Storage Properties In (Sr0.7bi0.2)Tio3-Bi(Mg0.5zr0.5)O3 Lead-Free Ceramics And Potential For High-Temperature Capacitors, Xi Kong, Letao Yang, Zhenxiang Cheng, Shujun Zhang Jan 2020

Ultrahigh Energy Storage Properties In (Sr0.7bi0.2)Tio3-Bi(Mg0.5zr0.5)O3 Lead-Free Ceramics And Potential For High-Temperature Capacitors, Xi Kong, Letao Yang, Zhenxiang Cheng, Shujun Zhang

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

2020 by the authors. Due to the enhanced demand for numerous electrical energy storage applications, including applications at elevated temperatures, dielectric capacitors with optimized energy storage properties have attracted extensive attention. In this study, a series of lead-free strontium bismuth titanate based relaxor ferroelectric ceramics have been successfully synthesized by high temperature solid-state reaction. The ultrahigh recoverable energy storage density of 4.2 J/cm3 under 380 kV/cm, with the high efficiency of 88%, was obtained in the sample with x = 0.06. Of particular importance is that this ceramic composition exhibits excellent energy storage performance over a wide ...


Análisis De Operación De Un Sistema De Generación Undimotriz Conectado A Un Modelo De Red, Juan Sebastián Reyes Salazar Jan 2020

Análisis De Operación De Un Sistema De Generación Undimotriz Conectado A Un Modelo De Red, Juan Sebastián Reyes Salazar

Ingeniería Eléctrica

El uso de generación eléctrica basada en fuentes no convencionales de energía se ha impulsado en los últimos años, a razón de la diversificación de la matriz energética en todos los países del mundo y además con la intención de reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero. Dentro de su diversidad, las energías renovables cuentan con el movimiento Mareo-Motriz, como función del movimiento ondulatorio de las olas. En este tipo de fuentes no convencionales la emisión de gases de efecto invernadero es prácticamente cero, en la producción de energía este es un paso fundamental que se articula con algunas ...


Energy Forensics Analysis, Rupa Das Jan 2020

Energy Forensics Analysis, Rupa Das

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

The energy consumed by a building can reveal information about the occupants and their activities inside the building. This could be utilized by industries and law enforcement agencies for commercial or legal purposes. Utility data from Smart Meter (SM) readings can reveal detailed information that could be mapped to foretell resident occupancy and type of appliance usage over desired time intervals. However, obtaining SM data in the United States is laborious and subjected to legal and procedural constraints. This research develops a user-driven simulation tool with realistic data options and assumptions of potential human behavior to determine energy usage patterns ...


Enabling Innovation In The Energy System Transition, Bonnie Wylie Pratt Jan 2020

Enabling Innovation In The Energy System Transition, Bonnie Wylie Pratt

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Innovation in the electric sector has the potential to drive job growth, decrease environmental impacts, reduce rate payer costs, and increase reliability and resiliency. However, the traditional electric system was built to deliver a controlled flow of energy from a centralized location with maximum reliability and minimum cost. As both customer expectations and generation technologies change, new avenues for grid innovation are being explored. Residential customers, commercial and industrial clients, and electric utilities must all find a way to balance goals for decarbonization and social justice with maintaining a least cost, reliable power grid. Grounded in Geel’s energy system ...


Homes With Higher Energy Ratings Sell For More. Here’S How Australian Owners Could Cash In, Daniel J. Daly Jan 2020

Homes With Higher Energy Ratings Sell For More. Here’S How Australian Owners Could Cash In, Daniel J. Daly

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Everybody wants an energy-efficient home. After all, an energy-efficient home is comfortable to live in, without large energy bills. These can be important factors for prospective home owners or renters. Our review of international research found energy-efficient homes typically fetch a higher price.


Recent Progress In Electrical Generators For Oceanic Wave Energy Conversion, Abidur Rahman, Omar Farrok, Md Rabiul Islam, Wei Xu Jan 2020

Recent Progress In Electrical Generators For Oceanic Wave Energy Conversion, Abidur Rahman, Omar Farrok, Md Rabiul Islam, Wei Xu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Oceanic wave energy extraction through electrical generator is one of the most interesting topics in the field of power engineering. Almost all the existing relevant review paper focus on electrical generator with the working principle of electromagnetic induction or piezoelectric or triboelectric effect. In this paper, all the existing types (based on principle of operation) of electrical generator used for wave power harvesting are discussed. This paper not only covers recent progress in electrical power generation by electro-magnetic induction, piezoelectric generator, and electrostatic induction, but also presents critical comparative review as well where suitable use and weakness of each type ...


Increase In Volumetric Electrical Power Density Of A Linear Generator By Winding Optimization For Wave Energy Extraction, Selim Molla, Omar Farrok, Abidur Rahman, Md Samiul Bashir, Md Rabiul Islam, Abbas Z. Zouzani, M. A Parvez Mahmud Jan 2020

Increase In Volumetric Electrical Power Density Of A Linear Generator By Winding Optimization For Wave Energy Extraction, Selim Molla, Omar Farrok, Abidur Rahman, Md Samiul Bashir, Md Rabiul Islam, Abbas Z. Zouzani, M. A Parvez Mahmud

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

In this article, a method of winding optimization of the linear generator is proposed to increase the electrical power generation from the oceanic wave. A linear generator is designed in the ANSYS/Maxwell environment to analyze the proposed winding optimization method. The electrical and magnetic properties of the generator are extensively analyzed. The cross-sectional area and the number of turns of the copper conductor are optimized to maximize the output power. Load characteristics are also considered for different conductor sizes and turn numbers to determine a suitable operating point. A cooling system is also incorporated in the optimized linear generator ...


Progress In Piezoelectric Material Based Oceanic Wave Energy Conversion Technology, Mahbubur Kiran, Omar Farrok, Md Abdullah-Al-Mamun, Md Rabiul Islam, Wei Xu Jan 2020

Progress In Piezoelectric Material Based Oceanic Wave Energy Conversion Technology, Mahbubur Kiran, Omar Farrok, Md Abdullah-Al-Mamun, Md Rabiul Islam, Wei Xu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Recently, electrical engineers are paying great attention to develop oceanic wave energy conversion technologies based on the piezoelectric materials because of their excellent conveniences. Piezoelectric oceanic wave energy converters (OWECs) have several benefits over the others such as its small size, lightweight, no requirement of using intermediate device as well as having less negative impacts on the oceanic environment. Various review and research papers focus on the piezoelectric devices, their operation and application for oceanic energy conversion. But, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, none of the existing research or review papers present detailed scheme of piezoelectric device based ...