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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

The Effects Of Waste Marble Powder On Sustainable Concrete, Jeremy S. Tennesen Mar 2021

The Effects Of Waste Marble Powder On Sustainable Concrete, Jeremy S. Tennesen

Construction Management

Sustainability has been growing consistently more popular in construction, with projects introducing innovative ideas to build greener every year. One material that has not experienced many innovations since emerging in building use is concrete. The reason behind this could be the chemical process of curing concrete being unique compared to most materials. While concrete can be broken down into some of its original components, water, cement, and admixtures used are not retainable. This makes it difficult to recycle the material, and the aggregates recovered from recycling also experience a loss in strength. With admixtures being involved in most concrete mixes ...


Paso Robles Police Department Outdoor Training Facility Improvements - Phase 1, Zachary T. Stellini Mar 2021

Paso Robles Police Department Outdoor Training Facility Improvements - Phase 1, Zachary T. Stellini

Construction Management

This paper outlines the pre-construction and construction of the 24,300 square foot Paso Robles Police Department outdoor training facility improvements. The project focuses 12,000 square feet of the total site with improvements that include earthwork and new concrete flatwork. This project is group project with Gavin Abraham and Nic Petri that is broken up into 3 phases, this paper will primarily focus on the phase 1 which includes grading and excavation. The purpose of this project was to provide the Paso Robles Police Department with a modern, functional facility that allows its officers to be better equipped to ...


Application Of Ultrasonic Measurements For The Evaluation Of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Belayhun Gebretsadik, Kazem Jdidirendi, Visar Farhangi, Moses Karakouzian Jan 2021

Application Of Ultrasonic Measurements For The Evaluation Of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Belayhun Gebretsadik, Kazem Jdidirendi, Visar Farhangi, Moses Karakouzian

Civil & Environmental Engineering and Construction Faculty Publications

This study investigates the feasibility of the application of ultrasonic measurement to characterize Steel-Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (SFRC). Specifically, the effects of steel fiber content, age, moisture content, and fiber orientation on Ultrasonic-Pulse-Velocity (UPV) were investigated. In this regard, beam and cylindrical samples were fabricated with different steel fiber contents. The result indicated that for beam specimens the UPV increases with the addition of fiber up to 2% and decreases for higher fiber percentages. Additionally, the fiber orientation within the beam specimens influences the UPV measurements. For cylindrical samples, the rate of UPV decreased with the addition of steel fiber reinforcement. In ...


Effect Of Using Cathode-Ray Tubes (Crt) Waste Glass On Concrete Properties, Jad Bawab, Jamal Khatib, Ali Jahami, Said Kenai, Adel Elkordi Dec 2020

Effect Of Using Cathode-Ray Tubes (Crt) Waste Glass On Concrete Properties, Jad Bawab, Jamal Khatib, Ali Jahami, Said Kenai, Adel Elkordi

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Cathode-ray tube (CRT) glass is a hazardous material that should be responsibly managed when disposed. One of the possible options for recycling CRT waste glass is using it as fine aggregates in concrete for its richness in silica. For the aim of evaluating concrete with this material, four mixes with replacement levels of 0%, 10%, 20% and 30% are prepared. Workability, hardened density, ultra-pulse velocity, compressive strength, tensile strength, and static modulus of elasticity were examined. Experimental results showed that the use of CRT improved properties of concrete at certain replacement levels. CRT glass improved the workability of concrete where ...


Concrete Mix Design Using Simple Equations, Hakim Abdelgader, Ramadan Suleiman, Abdalla Adam, Jamal Khatib Dec 2020

Concrete Mix Design Using Simple Equations, Hakim Abdelgader, Ramadan Suleiman, Abdalla Adam, Jamal Khatib

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

The behaviour of concrete, whether fresh or hardened, depends basically on the behaviour of its components and the relationship between them, therefore, obtaining a concrete with certain properties depends fundamentally on the concrete mix design. Concrete mix design generally includes two main steps: 1-Selection of the main components suitable for the concrete (cement, aggregate, water, and additives); 2-Determination of more economical mix ratios to fulfil the workability, strength and efficiency requirements. Currently, there are many international methods locally approved for mix designs. They are all related to each other, they give relatively the same quantities of the mix components and ...


Tanzanian Concrete Masonry Walls, Edward J. Kaminski Dec 2020

Tanzanian Concrete Masonry Walls, Edward J. Kaminski

Architectural Engineering

Walls that replicate masonry walls used in Tanzania are constructed and tested. The results from testing was compared with the respective predictions made using code guidelines from ASCE 7 and TMS 402.


Pismo Beach Lions Club Sidewalk Replacement, Ramon Hernandez Jr Dec 2020

Pismo Beach Lions Club Sidewalk Replacement, Ramon Hernandez Jr

Construction Management

The objective of this senior project was to provide a long lasting and safe sidewalk for all the people that attend the Lions Club for future events. The idea came to be after talking to Karen Walsh, and how many previous visitors had tripped and fallen from the uneven sidewalk. The sidewalk was originally poured over 30+ years ago, and it was time for a newly built pathway. The project involved creating an estimate, schedule and coordinating with the club to see the project all the way through. The new sidewalk is now built stronger than ever before and is ...


An Investigation Into The Effects Of Fly Ash On Freeze-Thaw Durability Prediction, Yancy Schrader Dec 2020

An Investigation Into The Effects Of Fly Ash On Freeze-Thaw Durability Prediction, Yancy Schrader

Theses and Dissertations

Air is purposefully entrained into concrete primarily to improve resistance to freeze-thaw deterioration while saturated with water. Air entraining admixtures (AEAs) are chemical admixtures designed to entrain air into the concrete to provide adequate resistance to the effects of freezing and thawing. One of the challenges associated with air entrainment in concrete is the interaction of an AEA with supplementary cementitious materials present in the concrete, particularly fly ash. Fly ash is a by-product of the coal fired electrical generation industry, and often contains residual unburned carbon and other components that can increase the AEA demand of a particular concrete ...


Machine Learning Prediction Of Shear Capacity Of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Wassim Ben Chaabene Nov 2020

Machine Learning Prediction Of Shear Capacity Of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Wassim Ben Chaabene

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The use of steel fibers for concrete reinforcement has been growing in recent years owing to the improved shear strength and post-cracking toughness imparted by fiber inclusion. Yet, there is still lack of design provisions for steel fiber-reinforced concrete (SFRC) in building codes. This is mainly due to the complex shear transfer mechanism in SFRC. Existing empirical equations for SFRC shear strength have been developed with relatively limited data examples, making their accuracy restricted to specific ranges. To overcome this drawback, the present study suggests novel machine learning models based on artificial neural network (ANN) and genetic programming (GP) to ...


Proposed Improvements To The Construction Of Electrically Conductive Concrete Pavement System Based On Lessons Learned, S. M. Sajed Sadati, Amir Malakooti, Kristen S. Cetin, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim Nov 2020

Proposed Improvements To The Construction Of Electrically Conductive Concrete Pavement System Based On Lessons Learned, S. M. Sajed Sadati, Amir Malakooti, Kristen S. Cetin, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

The construction of electrically conductive concrete (ECON) pavement systems include several additional processes which make it different from the construction of regular rigid pavement systems. These can include the use of embedded electrodes, and two-lift concrete construction with different concrete mix designs. This study focuses on the lessons learned from constructing ECON slabs using these methods at the Des Moines International Airport and Iowa Department of Transportation Headquarters, as the first full-scale implementations of a carbon fiber-based ECON pavement system. Based on these efforts, a set of best practices is proposed to help minimize the time required to prepare the ...


Recycling Cigarettes Into Concrete, Jonathan R. Rosete Nov 2020

Recycling Cigarettes Into Concrete, Jonathan R. Rosete

Construction Management

The objective of my senior project is to find a solution for the growing amount of improperly disposed cigarette butts on our planet. To accomplish this, I created and tested concrete cylinders mixed with different amounts of used cigarettes. It is my goal that we will be able to recycle cigarette butts and incorporate them into our everyday concrete use. By adding cigarettes to our mixes, I also understand their will be concerns with its potential strength. However with this in mind, it is my intention that these current mixes will only be used for non-structural concrete. In the following ...


Strength Restoration Of Corrosion Damaged Piles Repaired With Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Systems, Jethro Clarke Oct 2020

Strength Restoration Of Corrosion Damaged Piles Repaired With Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Systems, Jethro Clarke

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Of the 12,741 bridges accounted for by the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT), approximately 50% were built between the 1950s and 1960s. During this period, bridges were typically constructed in coastal environments using pile bents. Now, the main threat to bridges in these environments is corrosion, which occurs in the splash zones of most bridge piles. These zones contain high concentrations of chlorides, oxygen and moisture, the corner stones of a highly corrosive environment. Corrosion compromises steel reinforcement in these areas leading to cracking, spalling and an inevitable loss of capacity.

In recent years, significant strides have been made ...


Colloidal Silica: Cement Enhancing Admixture Product Evaluation, Lieska Halsey, David Hansen Sep 2020

Colloidal Silica: Cement Enhancing Admixture Product Evaluation, Lieska Halsey, David Hansen

Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports

As Class F- fly ash (F-ash) becomes scarce, PCC engineers will look to other supplemental cementitious materials (SCM) to replace F-ash and its ASR mitigating properties. Colloidal silica (CS), or nano-silica, has been shown to mitigate ASR at certain replacement levels; however, CS cannot be a full replacement of F-ash. Engineers at the Nebraska Department of Transportation (NDOT) learned of CS from a presentation given by Intelligent Concrete, Inc. at the 2019 Nebraska Concrete Professionals Association Conference and decided to investigate the potential use of CS in NDOT concrete mix designs.


Seismic Design Coefficients For Speedcore Or Composite Plate Shear Walls - Concrete Filled (C-Psw/Cf), Shubham Agrawal, Morgan Broberg, Amit H. Varma Aug 2020

Seismic Design Coefficients For Speedcore Or Composite Plate Shear Walls - Concrete Filled (C-Psw/Cf), Shubham Agrawal, Morgan Broberg, Amit H. Varma

Bowen Laboratory Research Reports

This report summarizes the results from FEMA P695 analytical studies conducted to verify the seismic design factors for composite plate shear walls – concrete filled (C-PSW/CF), also referred to as Speedcore. ASCE 7-16 provides the seismic design factors, which include the seismic response modification factor, R, deflection amplification factor, Cd, and overstrength factor, Ωo, for various approved seismic systems. C-PSW/CFs are assigned a response modification factor of 6.5, a deflection amplification factor of 5.5, and an overstrength factor of 2.5 for C-PSW/CFs. These seismic design factors were selected based on the seismic performance ...


Quantitative Assessment Of Alkali-Silica Reaction In Small And Large-Scale Concrete Specimens Utilizing Nonlinear Acoustic Techniques, Clayton Malone Aug 2020

Quantitative Assessment Of Alkali-Silica Reaction In Small And Large-Scale Concrete Specimens Utilizing Nonlinear Acoustic Techniques, Clayton Malone

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Nonlinear resonance techniques have been shown to be sensitive to microcracking in materials, including alkali-silica reaction (ASR) damage in concrete. However, application of nonlinear resonance tests have been limited due to the difficulty of application to large-scale field structures and the inability to quantitatively relate material nonlinearity with damage development. In this study, the development of ASR in concrete prisms and large concrete beam specimens of varying aggregate types and specimen sizes was monitored using linear and nonlinear resonance techniques.

For the concrete prisms, although the linear resonance frequency test could detect initiation and development of ASR damage in specimens ...


Construction Installation Guide Concrete Reinforced Shear Wall Cal Poly Arce Department, Giovanni Koelsch Dal Canto Jun 2020

Construction Installation Guide Concrete Reinforced Shear Wall Cal Poly Arce Department, Giovanni Koelsch Dal Canto

Construction Management

California Polytechnic University prides itself on its “Learn by Doing” teaching procedures. The “Learn by Doing” atmosphere is ingrained in every student that attends the university. It is necessary for students especially in the ARCE field to obtain real life experience before entering the professional world. Ensuring that ARCE students have a means to practice and create new knowledge in the field of reinforced concrete shear wall testing is necessary to maintain Cal Poly’s education progression. Creating a reinforced concrete shear wall that can be built year after year for ARCE students to test on has been asked for ...


Fly Ash Based Geopolymer For High Temperature And High Compressive Strength Applications In Aggressive Environment, Aaryan Manoj Nair, Akm S. Rahman May 2020

Fly Ash Based Geopolymer For High Temperature And High Compressive Strength Applications In Aggressive Environment, Aaryan Manoj Nair, Akm S. Rahman

Publications and Research

Geopolymers are the results of geosynthetic reactions between aluminosilicates and strong bases. This results in chemical bonds between aluminum (Al), Silicon (Si)and oxygen (O) composing polymer rings in tetrahedral coordination. These bonds give them widespread useful applications such as high heat bearing ceramics, and base construction material whilst being far more environmentally conscious. The purpose of the experiment is to examine the effect of Silicon Carbide whisker and inorganic glass particles on thermal and mechanical properties of Geopolymers. This study will help understand the effect of various compositions and concentrations of SiO2 in mechanical strength. In this experiment ...


About The Technology Of Making Reinforced Concrete Sleep By Heating Concrete At Low Temperature, Turgunbaev Urinbek Jamolovich, Movluda Umirova May 2020

About The Technology Of Making Reinforced Concrete Sleep By Heating Concrete At Low Temperature, Turgunbaev Urinbek Jamolovich, Movluda Umirova

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The article discusses the properties of cement stone with the use of complex chemical additives to improve the technology for the production of sleepers from prestressed concrete. With the use of superplasticizer, the volume of intergranular space and, consequently, capillary porosity, which is a determining factor for both strength and frost resistance and corrosion resistance of concrete, are significantly reduced. Also, during thermo-wet processing, at a temperature of 40 ° C, there was no decrease in the strength of cement stone and sufficient strength at the initial stage of the curing period, 36 MPa with the addition of Glenium 27 S ...


Quantitative Resistance Assessment Of Sfrp-Strengthened Rc Bridge Columns Subjected To Blast Loads, Ahmad Alsendi, Christopher D. Eamon Apr 2020

Quantitative Resistance Assessment Of Sfrp-Strengthened Rc Bridge Columns Subjected To Blast Loads, Ahmad Alsendi, Christopher D. Eamon

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research Publications

The blast resistance of a typical reinforced concrete bridge pier column design was modeled with a nonlinear finite element approach that considers material damage, fracture, and separation. While varying concrete strength, amount of longitudinal reinforcing steel, and gravity load, the effect of applying an externally bonded steel fiber reinforced polymer (SFRP) wrapping was assessed. The presented approach uniquely quantifies column blast resistance in terms of charge weight. It was found that blast capacity was roughly linearly related to concrete strength and steel reinforcement ratio, the former of which is most influential. It was further found that a single layer of ...


The Viability And Simplicity Of 3d-Printed Construction: A Military Case Study, Jeneé Jagoda, Brandy Diggs-Mcgee, Megan Kreiger, Steven J. Schuldt Apr 2020

The Viability And Simplicity Of 3d-Printed Construction: A Military Case Study, Jeneé Jagoda, Brandy Diggs-Mcgee, Megan Kreiger, Steven J. Schuldt

Faculty Publications

In November 2019, U.S. Marines, Air Force, and Army Corps of Engineers personnel demonstrated the viability and simplicity of three-dimensionally (3D)-printed construction in a controlled environment at the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center—Construction Engineering Research Laboratory in Champaign, Illinois. The tri-service exercise spanned three days and culminated in the construction of three 1 m × 1 m × 1 m (3 ft × 3 ft × 3 ft) concrete dragon’s teeth (square pyramid military fortifications used to defend against tanks and armored vehicles) and several custom-designed objects. The structural components were printed using a custom-built, gantry-style printer ...


Estimation Of Lubrication Layer Thickness And Composition Through Reverse Engineering Of Interface Rheometry Tests, Alexis Salinas, Dimitri Feys Apr 2020

Estimation Of Lubrication Layer Thickness And Composition Through Reverse Engineering Of Interface Rheometry Tests, Alexis Salinas, Dimitri Feys

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

During concrete pumping, a lubrication layer is formed near the pipe wall. Extensive research has been performed on measuring and modeling the properties of this layer and using these values to predict pumping pressures. However, there are numerous discussions in the literature about the composition and thickness of this layer: can it be considered mortar, a micromortar, or is it cement paste? In this paper, possible solutions for the thickness and composition of the lubrication layer are derived from interface rheometry tests. It is assumed that the lubrication layer is composed of one or more concentric layers of paste or ...


Investigating The Effects Of Aggregate Size And Reinforcement On Asr Cracking In Concrete Structures Studied With Different Evaluation Methods, David Joseph Bianco Apr 2020

Investigating The Effects Of Aggregate Size And Reinforcement On Asr Cracking In Concrete Structures Studied With Different Evaluation Methods, David Joseph Bianco

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this thesis is to investigate different (non-destructive) evaluation methods to assess the effects of reactive aggregate size and reinforcement on ASR affected concrete. It has been shown in previous literature that reactive coarse aggregates lead to more expansion as opposed to reactive fine aggregates. However, there is a lack in the literature exhibiting this relationship using different evaluation methods, such as acoustic emission (AE) and ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV). Also, the literature does not emphasize the role this relationship plays when the concrete is imposed with stress boundary conditions. Non-destructive test methods, including acoustic emission, are becoming ...


A Review On The Use Of Vegetable Oil And Its Waste In Construction Applications, Ahmed Chamaa, Jamal Khatib, Adel Elkordi Mar 2020

A Review On The Use Of Vegetable Oil And Its Waste In Construction Applications, Ahmed Chamaa, Jamal Khatib, Adel Elkordi

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

The generation of waste materials is causing an impact on the environment due to many reasons including the effect on human health and decrease in landfill space. Of these waste materials is the waste cooking oil. There are large amounts of waste vegetable oil generated in the world and most of it is disposed of in the sewer system which can cause problems when treating wastewater. This paper is a review of literature on the use of vegetable oil (VO) and waste vegetable oil (WVO) as chemical admixtures in construction materials. The construction materials include mainly concrete and pavement. The ...


Production Of Fire-Resistant Concrete Based On Technogenic Waste, Uzmonjon Turgunaliyevich Yusupov Mar 2020

Production Of Fire-Resistant Concrete Based On Technogenic Waste, Uzmonjon Turgunaliyevich Yusupov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The article notes that at present, with the development of the construction industry, the need for fire-resistant concrete is also increasing. In increasing the volume of construction, concrete and other components are some of the resources available at the price of finished objects achieved through cost reduction. It is determined that the developed fire- and heat-resistant concrete, prepared according to the technological requirements developed by us and the established standards, will provide the facility with reliable fire safety and longevity


Analyzing More Sustainable Alternatives Than Using Ordinary Portland Cement In Commerical Construction, Brandon A. Sturla Bs Mar 2020

Analyzing More Sustainable Alternatives Than Using Ordinary Portland Cement In Commerical Construction, Brandon A. Sturla Bs

Construction Management

The purpose of this paper is to look at more sustainable alternative options for concrete use for California Commercial Contractors. This paper will analyze the more sustainable options for concrete and come to conclusions on how effective the alternative options are for protecting the environment, encouraging sustainability, maintaining cost effectiveness, and maintaining efficiency in building. This paper provides data on the negative impact concrete use has had on the environment and potential ways to alleviate this. This paper will also analyze how cost-effective the alternative options are to see if the alternative options are realistic and affordable to use in ...


Features Of Hydration Process, Structure Formation And Curing Processes Of Mono And Polymineral Cement In The Presence Of Additives Of Solid Waste Of Soda Production, Nargis Shamadinova, Gulnora Abdukadirovna Tokhtakhunova Phd, Temur Azimovich Atakuziev, Shakhnoza Saidanvarovna Rakhimjanova Feb 2020

Features Of Hydration Process, Structure Formation And Curing Processes Of Mono And Polymineral Cement In The Presence Of Additives Of Solid Waste Of Soda Production, Nargis Shamadinova, Gulnora Abdukadirovna Tokhtakhunova Phd, Temur Azimovich Atakuziev, Shakhnoza Saidanvarovna Rakhimjanova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The influence of the additive of solid waste of soda production (SWSP) on the content of -C2S and C3S in cement studied. It was found that SWSP affects the density of the aluminum-containing minerals C3A and C4AF, in addition, in the presence of gypsum, their plasticizing properties improved. The introduction of SWSP additives during grinding of clinker intensifies the grinding process and made it possible to obtain a more plastic cement. It was proved that SWSP with CaCl2 content can be used as an additive to concrete and cement mortars - this ...


Evaluation Of Tie-Bar Anchoring Methods: Non-Shrink Grout Vs. Epoxy, Wally Heyen, Lieska Halsey, Tim Krason, Brandon Varilek, David Hansen Jan 2020

Evaluation Of Tie-Bar Anchoring Methods: Non-Shrink Grout Vs. Epoxy, Wally Heyen, Lieska Halsey, Tim Krason, Brandon Varilek, David Hansen

Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports

Tie bars are epoxy coated steel bars that connect the longitudinal joints in concrete pavement. Tie bars prevent faulting and joint separation between lanes Tie bars can be placed into the plastic concrete or inserted after curing by drilling and anchoring with epoxy or non-shrink grout. The specification for the tie bars requires the use of a No. 5 bar, 18 inches long and shall meet ASTM A775 / A775M [1], Section 1020.The Nebraska Department of Transportation “Standard Specifications for Highway Construction,” (Section 603.03) requires contractors to mechanically insert tie bars into the face of pavements during construction. Tie ...


Development Of An Ndt Tool For In-Situ Assessment Of Prestress Loss, Bibo Zhong, Jinying Zhu, George Morcous Jan 2020

Development Of An Ndt Tool For In-Situ Assessment Of Prestress Loss, Bibo Zhong, Jinying Zhu, George Morcous

Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports

The research objective is to develop a non-destructive testing (NDT) method to evaluate the prestress loss in prestressed concrete bridge girders using ultrasonic waves. The work principle is based on acoustoelastic effect - ultrasonic wave velocity varies with stress level in prestressed concrete. A self-reference test setup was proposed to measure wave velocity in two orthogonal directions (prestress and unstressed directions) in the girder. This setup will be able to reduce effects of material variation and temperature change.

The concept was first validated on small concrete specimens (cylinders and beams) in laboratory. A signal analysis algorithm was developed to reliably measure ...


Development Of A Framework For The Calibration Of Rpas, A 3d Finite Element Analysis Tool For Rigid Pavements, Abbasali Taghavighalesari Jan 2020

Development Of A Framework For The Calibration Of Rpas, A 3d Finite Element Analysis Tool For Rigid Pavements, Abbasali Taghavighalesari

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The accurate analysis of rigid pavements requires a reliable modeling procedure based on integrating mechanistic analysis methods (i.e. closed-form solutions or numerical methods) and empirical observations (i.e. field measurements and laboratory test results). The use of the finite element method to model the response of rigid pavements has increased in recent decades due to its capability to incorporate the complexity of material behavior, traffic information, and environmental condition. Researchers from the University of Texas at El Paso developed the software Rigid Pavement Analysis System (RPAS) to comprehensively analyze the response of concrete pavements under different geometric configurations, foundation ...


Bond Behavior Of Advanced Fiber Reinforced Composite-Concrete Joints, Xingxing Zou Jan 2020

Bond Behavior Of Advanced Fiber Reinforced Composite-Concrete Joints, Xingxing Zou

Doctoral Dissertations

“Externally bonding advanced composite materials to concrete structures is an effective way to improve their strength, ductility, and durability. The interfacial bond behavior is fundamental to understand the overall structural performance of concrete structures strengthened with advanced composite materials. This study includes a comprehensive investigation of the bond behavior of composite-concrete joints with different fiber reinforced composite types. First, a direct approach to determine the bond-slip relationship for fiber reinforced cementitious matrix (FRCM)-concrete joints based on fiber strain measurements was proposed. Then, an analytical solution to predict the full-range response of FRCM-concrete joints was derived by assuming a trilinear ...