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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Modern Methods Of Testing And Information Security Problems In Iot, Halim Khujamatov, Ernazar Reypnazarov, Amir Lazarev Apr 2021

Modern Methods Of Testing And Information Security Problems In Iot, Halim Khujamatov, Ernazar Reypnazarov, Amir Lazarev

Bulletin of TUIT: Management and Communication Technologies

This article analyzes the technology of the internet of things, ie its architecture, communication standards, threats to security and safety, methods and types of testing devices of the internet of things. In short, the architectures proposed by ITU-T and IWF, IEEE standards for Internet of Things, LPWAN standards, four levels of security (devices/gateways, network/transport, services and applications), components according to test methods, performance, loading, security, etc.


Applications Of Biomimicry In Construction And Architecture: A Bibliometric Analysis, Mugdha Praveen Kshirsagar Mrs, Sanjay Kantrao Kulkarni Dr, Ankush Kumar Meena Mr, Danby Caetano D’Costa Mr, Sushant Sunil Bhavsar Mr Mar 2021

Applications Of Biomimicry In Construction And Architecture: A Bibliometric Analysis, Mugdha Praveen Kshirsagar Mrs, Sanjay Kantrao Kulkarni Dr, Ankush Kumar Meena Mr, Danby Caetano D’Costa Mr, Sushant Sunil Bhavsar Mr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Biomimicry can be considered to be a way of connecting the environment created by man to the natural world. Biomimicry is a science that, as a model, a measure and a tutor, looks to nature. Via site work, construction and everyday operations, biomimicry can be used to enhance the way the built environment is constructed. The main objective of this paper is to perform a bibliometric study of biomimicry-related literature in order to discover the growth of biomimicry as an architectural method in recent years. The time frame considered for this survey is between 1990 and 2020. The findings, however ...


Influential Pedagogies Using Digital Fabrication Laboratories Onarchitectural Education, Marwan Halabi Oct 2020

Influential Pedagogies Using Digital Fabrication Laboratories Onarchitectural Education, Marwan Halabi

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Innovation in advanced architectural design is imposing a revolution in ways to materialize contemporary buildings of geometrical complexities. In the professional field, such trend is demanding a constant update on the tools required to execute jobs. At the academic level, digital fabrication laboratories are becoming a place to fuse ideas with rationalized principles of construction in addition to helping students visualise the future challenges in the architectural practice. This paper tries to argue the influences on architectural education by the leading function of digital fabrication laboratories, with the prospect of presenting practical assessments of transforming digital information into analogue materiality ...


Curriculum Toolkit For A New Generation Of Public Interest Designers: Haitijacmel Clinic Case Study, Grace Aaraj, Annie Ledbury Oct 2020

Curriculum Toolkit For A New Generation Of Public Interest Designers: Haitijacmel Clinic Case Study, Grace Aaraj, Annie Ledbury

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Students collaborate with professionals on an interdisciplinary competition where the winning student-led design would be fund and build as a new healthcare clinic in Jacmel, Haiti. Summer of 2013 witnessed the launch of REvive Jacmel, an interdisciplinary student-led project to create a new healthcare clinic in Haiti. Students and professionals held a competition and one team won the 1st prize. Through a unique opportunity, a professional firm adopted the students into a practicum and developed the project. After months of extensive work and several grants to send students for site visits in Haiti, the project developed into collaboration from a ...


Architectural Design Process Management, Nesreen Alkassabany, Magdy Mousa Oct 2020

Architectural Design Process Management, Nesreen Alkassabany, Magdy Mousa

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Creating a new building can be seen as an unequivocal process which requires input from a variety of resources, using a range of abilities and skills to arrange and manage factors as well as resolving combative and quarrelsome issues. The performance of the design process in the building industry has a great influence on the success of subsequent processes in construction projects and also on the outcome of the quality of the final product. Despite its importance, relatively little significance has been given to the management of the design process. The research will dissect and analyze the process of building ...


Digital Tools And Robotics In Architecture: Envisioning The Future Ineducation And Practice, Marwan Halabi Oct 2020

Digital Tools And Robotics In Architecture: Envisioning The Future Ineducation And Practice, Marwan Halabi

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

In a world advancing at a vertiginous speed, technology is directly affecting almost every single aspect of contemporary human life. It is therefore crucial nowadays for both the professional and the educational sectors to constantly update themselves with the latest trends in their fields. Once students graduate, they should first be familiar with the needs of the highly competitive market, and at the same time to be prepared for challenges facing the practice in order to improve it and stand at a higher level from competitors. For such reason, students need to be aware that high tech tools are vital ...


Academic Education And Professional Training Towards Architecture Bestpractice In The Arab World, Sawsan Saridar, Hisham El-Aranaouty Oct 2020

Academic Education And Professional Training Towards Architecture Bestpractice In The Arab World, Sawsan Saridar, Hisham El-Aranaouty

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Architecture both defines and is defined by social, cultural, political and financial constraints: this is where the discipline and the profession of architecture meet. This mutual sway evolves wherever interferences in the built environment are thought-out and can be strengthened or weakened by the many ways in which the practice of architecture can be undertaken. The more familiar we are about the concerns and factors that control what can be made, the greater the opportunities to propose and make appropriate architectures. Apparently, the criteria in any qualification policy should permit flexibility of approach and will – for reasons including cultural choice ...


Architectural Education Environments: Where Teaching Ends And Learning Begins, Rana Elbakly, Mohamed Ibrahim Oct 2020

Architectural Education Environments: Where Teaching Ends And Learning Begins, Rana Elbakly, Mohamed Ibrahim

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Architecture is a fast changing domain. Nevertheless, architectural education in Egypt can often not keep pace with those fast changes. Namely, graduate students start to realize that there are practical experiences like dealing with clients, working in large teams and acquiring knowledge related to architectural software independently which they do not obtain in undergraduate years, but wish that they did! This raises the question of how far should the architecture educational process change from Teaching to Learning ?As a matter of fact, the educational process at any architectural department is defined to a very high extent by the physical attributes ...


Impact Of 3d Simulation Modeling On Architectural Design Education, Osama Omar, Rania El Messeidy, Maged Youssef Oct 2020

Impact Of 3d Simulation Modeling On Architectural Design Education, Osama Omar, Rania El Messeidy, Maged Youssef

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Throughout the last few decades, architectural design education has witnessed several changes. One of these changes was using 3D Simulation modeling technology into design process. With the rise of environmental approach in design, new 3D simulation applications started to invade studios and laboratories of design. These applications proved an obvious efficiency for the architectural form concerning thermal adaptation, ideal lighting, and most appropriate ventilation. Lately, Arabic countries imported this technology into its schools of architecture, but unfortunately students faced obstacles in applying it in their design projects. Although there are certain courses, such as; 'Environmental Design', 'Indoor Environmental Control', and ...


Problems Of Design Juries In Schools Of Architecture, Lamis Kanso, Maged Alyyoussef Oct 2020

Problems Of Design Juries In Schools Of Architecture, Lamis Kanso, Maged Alyyoussef

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Throughout the last few decades, the architectural design education has passed many phases of critique and evaluation development. The process of critique continues in the different stages of design, starting from choosing the site, until the final submission. The jury committees are often held at the final stage in order to evaluate the architectural product. Although there are specific methods to systemize the process of evaluation, but unfortunately some academic members in jury committees do not apply these methods, which results in negative judgments on student’s project, and that could generate a feeling of dissatisfaction. This paper, therefore, aims ...


The Lack Of Fire Safety Knowledge And Implementation The Case Of High-Rise Buildings, Mohamad Abou Chakra Oct 2020

The Lack Of Fire Safety Knowledge And Implementation The Case Of High-Rise Buildings, Mohamad Abou Chakra

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

High-rise buildings are growing rapidly in number around the world. They are becoming important landmarks that mark out certain geographical areas. The fires of high-rise building have many characters not found in traditional low-rise buildings, like the variety of blazing factors, ways of fire spreading, and difficulty of evacuation. Hence, the protection features of conventional fire methods are not sufficient in designing towers. The paper, at first, summarizes the characteristics of high-rise buildings and fires, the unique features of Tall Buildings and the special life safety requirements for the high-rise buildings. Consequently, the topic of fire and life safety codes ...


Improving The Design Quality Of Housing Buildings, Ehab Nasr Elden Ahmed Aug 2020

Improving The Design Quality Of Housing Buildings, Ehab Nasr Elden Ahmed

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Design quality is essential to improve the standards of living and is progressively being accepted as critical to successful new housing developments. A better design quality provides attractive and sensitively planned homes that form communities, and assists in creating a healthier and advanced fellowship. As new housing growth in Egypt has missed reaching the universal rules and guidelines of design quality, this research reviews several experiences of foreign offices and governmental programs that deal with amending the design character of housing buildings. Using these Guidelines enables commissioning high performance housing facilities that improve the general standards of a better design ...


Investigations Of Mycelium As A Low-Carbon Building Material, Kevin Yang Jun 2020

Investigations Of Mycelium As A Low-Carbon Building Material, Kevin Yang

ENGS 88 Honors Thesis (AB Students)

With the building industry being responsible for 39% of global carbon emissions, there is an imperative need for low-carbon solutions that can decarbonize the built environment. This thesis aimed to address whether mycelium, the hyphal body of fungi, can be used as a building material. The first part of research involved developing a protocol for creating and testing mycelium samples. Mycelium composites were created by inoculating strains of mycelium onto agricultural substrates such as walnut shells, rice hulls, and a commercially available mix from Ecovative Design LLC. Mechanical compression and tensile tests, as well as thermal conductivity and fire resistance ...


Interdisciplinary Studio Pavilion [Isp] 2019 – Silicalion, Theodore Kenitchi Powers Jun 2020

Interdisciplinary Studio Pavilion [Isp] 2019 – Silicalion, Theodore Kenitchi Powers

Construction Management

The subject of this paper is an interdisciplinary project in which teams of two or three architecture, one construction management, and one architectural engineering student were tasked with working together to design a portable wine pavilion for the Wine History Project (WHP). The mission of the WHP is to preserve the history of wine culture and vineyards in San Luis Obispo County. Each team chose a theme of nature upon which to base their project’s design. The author’s team, Silicalion, used the Venus flower basket as inspiration for its design. The resulting design is a series of cells ...


Performance Improvement Plan In Building Processaccording To Quality Leaders And Quality Improvement Tools And Techniques, Khaled El-Daghar Mar 2020

Performance Improvement Plan In Building Processaccording To Quality Leaders And Quality Improvement Tools And Techniques, Khaled El-Daghar

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

The purpose of the study is to apply quality improvement tools and techniques to find out the root causes of performance problems in the building process. Performance refers to the way people do their jobs and the results of their works, seeking to solve a performance problem frequently implement a specific intervention, such as training without fully understanding the nature of the problem, or determining whether or not the chosen intervention is likely to succeed. Performance improvement approaches using a systematic methodology to find these root causes, and then implement interventions that applies to specific performance deficits. Performance improvement indicators ...


Towards A Creative Sustainable Promenade In Informal Souk Architecturecase Study: Mar Elias Camps, In Beirut, Lebanon, Maged Youssef, Farah Mefleh Jan 2020

Towards A Creative Sustainable Promenade In Informal Souk Architecturecase Study: Mar Elias Camps, In Beirut, Lebanon, Maged Youssef, Farah Mefleh

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

Informal settlement and slums are from the past decades growing continuously with urbanization, where informal souk or small market propagate informally in slums. Mainly the informal settlement is defined as residential areas where a group of housing has been constructed on land to which the occupants have an illegal claim. These informal settlement maintain few shops in unorganized way which influence the economic conditions. There are also the lack of open spaces where small alleys are mainly allocated in these informal urban fabric. The main aim is to provide a new applicable and better living condition, by providing new retails ...


Impact Of Chain Architecture On The Thickness Dependence Of Physical Aging Rate Of Thin Polystyrene Films, Gregory Brown, Elizabeth Lewis, Bryan D. Vogt Jan 2020

Impact Of Chain Architecture On The Thickness Dependence Of Physical Aging Rate Of Thin Polystyrene Films, Gregory Brown, Elizabeth Lewis, Bryan D. Vogt

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The dynamics of polymer thin films have been demonstrated to be significantly altered from the bulk, but the origins of such differences are not well defined. In this work, we seek to understand the differences in the structural dynamics (or physical aging) of polystyrene (PS) through branching and other well defined architectures (comb and centipede). The aging dynamics of ultrathin films (< 30 nm) differ from relatively thick films (100-150nm) with linear PS thin films aging more rapidly than the relatively “bulk-like” thick films. Ellipsometric measurements are used to characterize the physical aging rate of the films. The change in film thickness and refractive index as the films are held below the glass transition temperature (Tg) provides a simple measure of the physical aging. In this study, four different architectures (linear, comb, 4 arm star, and centipede) will be investigated. For each PS architecture, the aging rate will be determined for film thickness ranging ...


Interdisciplinary Studio Pavilion [Isp] 2019, Albert J. Gutierrez Dec 2019

Interdisciplinary Studio Pavilion [Isp] 2019, Albert J. Gutierrez

Construction Management

Historically Cal Poly’s motto has been ‘Learn by Doing’ and the College of Architecture and Environmental Design (CAED) is one of the leading examples of this. Many students gain valuable hands-on and real-world experience through collaborative projects and assignments. Through this learn by doing philosophy and collaborative learning approach Cal Poly construction management, architecture and architectural engineering students worked together in 8 separate studio teams to design and construct a portable pavilion for the Wine History Project of San Luis Obispo County. Acting as a client they requested that we design a portable pavilion space that will be used ...


Interdisciplinary Studio Pavilion (Isp) 2019, Louis Joseph Rampone Dec 2019

Interdisciplinary Studio Pavilion (Isp) 2019, Louis Joseph Rampone

Construction Management

The Interdisciplinary Studio Pavilion 2019 was designed for students the in the majors of architecture, architectural engineering, and construction management to be split into teams to design a pavilion for the Wine History Project. The 8 teams were tasked with designing a pavilion that was able to be easily transported, assembled, and disassembled for the purpose of being moved around to various locations within San Luis Obispo County. This was done by combining each team members individual skillset and knowledge to design the pavilion with these factors in mind.


Interdisciplinary Studio Pavilion [Isp] 2019, Alex Beaubien Dec 2019

Interdisciplinary Studio Pavilion [Isp] 2019, Alex Beaubien

Construction Management

The Interdisciplinary Studio Pavilion 2019 was designed for students within architecture, architectural engineering, and construction management to be placed into eight interdisciplinary teams and design a pavilion that reflected the narrative for the Wine History Project of San Luis Obispo (the “WHP). Its curricula emphasized aesthetics; fabrication methods and techniques; ease of assembly, reassembly and transportability; and function. Deliverables for each team's structure focused on these curricula that required numerous design refinements and construction feasibility studies. This required each team member to contribute their respective knowledge about architecture, structural engineering, and construction to create a pavilion that fulfilled WHP ...


Features Of Designing The Architecture Of Intelligent Transport Systems, Jaffar Daeibal, Vyacheslav Lapshin, Dmitry Elkin, Sergey A. Kucherov Jul 2019

Features Of Designing The Architecture Of Intelligent Transport Systems, Jaffar Daeibal, Vyacheslav Lapshin, Dmitry Elkin, Sergey A. Kucherov

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In the global experience, intelligent transport systems (ITS) are recognized as a general transport ideology for integrating the achievements of telematics in all types of transport activities to solve economic and social problems: reducing accidents, improving the efficiency of public transport and cargo transportation, ensuring overall transport security, and improving environmental performance. Considering the design features of the intelligent transport system (ITS), there is a need to develop requirements for the functional and physical architecture as the main part of the ITS development. The creation of functional and physical architecture touches upon issues such as: the scheme of interaction between ...


Advanced Structural Integration Collaboratory Model For Architecture Students, Thomas Fowler Iv, Satwant Rihal Jun 2019

Advanced Structural Integration Collaboratory Model For Architecture Students, Thomas Fowler Iv, Satwant Rihal

Thomas Fowler IV, DPACSA, FAIA

The architecture program at Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo, California, has a strong technology component (as part of the Polytechnic Mission of the University) over the years since itsinception in the 1960’s, that led to the establishment of the College of Architecture andEnvironmental Design. The paper presents an advanced structural integration collaboratory model that works with recent changes in the curriculum. The history of the program is important, since the curriculum has always had a very intensive architectural engineering (structural systems focus) sequence of courses. While architecture students were definitely acquiring a strong knowledge of a wide range of ...


Employing Biomimicry In Urban Metamorphosis Seeking For Sustainability: Case Studies, M. Salim Ferwati, Maryam Alsuwaidi, Arezou Shafaghat, Ali Keyvanfar Jun 2019

Employing Biomimicry In Urban Metamorphosis Seeking For Sustainability: Case Studies, M. Salim Ferwati, Maryam Alsuwaidi, Arezou Shafaghat, Ali Keyvanfar

Faculty Publications

Objective: The current study has aimed to develop the framework of biomimicry involvement in urban metamorphosis for sustainability. This research has engaged four objectives to achieve the aim. Objective one is to explore the rudiment interaction between human and nature through interrogating history, nature’s design. Objective two is to excavate the biomimicry in emulating nature’s genius. Objective three is to investigate the association between biomimicry and sustainable development, focusing on architectural features. Objective four is to develop the framework based on the biomimicry rules for human evolution and survival in the natural environment. Methodology: To achieve objective one ...


Mapping In The Humanities: Gis Lessons For Poets, Historians, And Scientists, Emily W. Fairey May 2019

Mapping In The Humanities: Gis Lessons For Poets, Historians, And Scientists, Emily W. Fairey

Open Educational Resources

User-friendly Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is the common thread of this collection of presentations, and activities with full lesson plans. The first section of the site contains an overview of cartography, the art of creating maps, and then looks at historical mapping platforms like Hypercities and Donald Rumsey Historical Mapping Project. In the next section Google Earth Desktop Pro is introduced, with lessons and activities on the basics of GE such as pins, paths, and kml files, as well as a more complex activity on "georeferencing" an historic map over Google Earth imagery. The final section deals with ARCGIS Online ...


A Viable Residential Dc Microgrid For Low Income Communities – Architecture, Protection And Education, Karthik Palaniappan May 2019

A Viable Residential Dc Microgrid For Low Income Communities – Architecture, Protection And Education, Karthik Palaniappan

Theses and Dissertations

The availability of fossil fuels in the future and the environmental effects such as the carbon footprint of the existing methodologies to produce electricity is an increasing area of concern. In rural areas of under-developed parts of the world, the problem is lack of access to electrification. DC microgrids have become a proven solution to electrification in these areas with demonstrated exceptional quality of power, high reliability, efficiency, and simplified integration between renewable energy sources (principally solar PV) and energy storage. In the United States, a different problem occurs that can be addressed with the same DC microgrid approach that ...


A Viable Residential Dc Microgrid For Low Income Communities – Architecture, Protection And Education, Karthik Palaniappan May 2019

A Viable Residential Dc Microgrid For Low Income Communities – Architecture, Protection And Education, Karthik Palaniappan

Theses and Dissertations

The availability of fossil fuels in the future and the environmental effects such as the carbon footprint of the existing methodologies to produce electricity is an increasing area of concern. In rural areas of under-developed parts of the world, the problem is lack of access to electrification. DC microgrids have become a proven solution to electrification in these areas with demonstrated exceptional quality of power, high reliability, efficiency, and simplified integration between renewable energy sources (principally solar PV) and energy storage. In the United States, a different problem occurs that can be addressed with the same DC microgrid approach that ...


Geo-Spatial Mapping As A Catalyst For Creative And Engaged Design In Engineering Education, Jessie Zarazaga Apr 2019

Geo-Spatial Mapping As A Catalyst For Creative And Engaged Design In Engineering Education, Jessie Zarazaga

Multidisciplinary Studies Theses and Dissertations

Exploiting the technology of geo-spatial mapping student designers can develop deep understandings of the rich and layered data of a spatial context, a situational understanding essential to responsible civic design. However the actions inherent in the construction of spatial data armatures can simultaneously be harnessed as creative strategies, in which mapping processes become the context for generative spatial play. The ambition of this study is to propose efficient pedagogic structures to help prepare civil and environmental student engineers to be not only strong participants, but leaders, in the design of the built environment. The interpretation of site data, mapped as ...


Design, Implementation, And Analysis Of Electrical System Architecture For Cubesat To Ground Communications, Anthony G. Cappiello Apr 2019

Design, Implementation, And Analysis Of Electrical System Architecture For Cubesat To Ground Communications, Anthony G. Cappiello

Electrical & Computer Engineering Theses & Disssertations

CubeSats facilitate a low barrier to entry in University and Industrial space research. With the rapid, low-cost development of CubeSats, the need for a reliable and ro- bust communications subsystem becomes evident to ensure mission accomplishment. With the advent of Software Defined Radio, Old Dominion University is compelled to upgrade the rigid Legacy Hardware systems in place with inexpensive and flexible Software Defined Radio Solutions. Currently, Old Dominion University is on the cusp of conducting its first space science mission as a member organization of the Virginia Space Grant Consortium Cubesat Constellation and is manifest for launch on April 17 ...


3d Scaffolds Of Polycaprolactone/Copper-Doped Bioactive Glass: Architecture Engineering With Additive Manufacturing And Cellularassessments In A Coculture Of Bone Marrow Stem Cells And Endothelial Cells, Xiaoju Wang, Binbin Zhang, Sanna Pitkanen, Miina Ojansivu, Chunlin Xu, Markus Hannula, Jari A. Hyttinen, Susanna S. Miettinen, Leena Hupa, Gordon G. Wallace Jan 2019

3d Scaffolds Of Polycaprolactone/Copper-Doped Bioactive Glass: Architecture Engineering With Additive Manufacturing And Cellularassessments In A Coculture Of Bone Marrow Stem Cells And Endothelial Cells, Xiaoju Wang, Binbin Zhang, Sanna Pitkanen, Miina Ojansivu, Chunlin Xu, Markus Hannula, Jari A. Hyttinen, Susanna S. Miettinen, Leena Hupa, Gordon G. Wallace

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

The local delivery of Cu2+ from copper-doped bioactive glass (Cu-BaG) was combined with 3D printing of polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffolds for its potent angiogenic effect in bone tissue engineering. PCL and Cu-BaG were, respectively, dissolved and dispersed in acetone to formulate a moderately homogeneous ink. The PCL/Cu-BaG scaffolds were fabricated via direct ink writing into a cold ethanol bath. The architecture of the printed scaffolds, including strut diameter, strut spacing, and porosity, were investigated and characterized. The PCL/Cu-BaG scaffolds showed a Cu-BaG content-dependent mechanical property, as the compressive Young's modulus ranged from 7 to 13 MPa at an ...


Internet Of Things: Architecture And Services For Healthcare, Ankita Suvagia Ms. Jan 2019

Internet Of Things: Architecture And Services For Healthcare, Ankita Suvagia Ms.

Dissertations and Theses

Internet of Things (IoT) is a recent prominent collaboration of various technologies that enables spatially distributed devices (“things”) to sense, communicate and share information, thus generating a variety of applications and services in Healthcare. IoT is implemented in multiple domains like Smart city, energy and smart grid, Smart home, weather forecasting, Agriculture, Market and Transportation, Manufacturing and testing industries, Healthcare and many more. IoT serves the purpose of making tasks more efficient and productive and at the same time ensuring quality and reliability. IoT technologies provide an enabling framework for inter-connecting devices, systems, and services that go beyond Machine-to-Machine scenarios ...