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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Highly Directional Receiver And Source Antennas Using Photonic Band Gap Crystals, Rana Biswas, Gary L. Tuttle, Ekmel Ozbay, Burak Temelkuran, Mihail Sigalas, Kai-Ming Ho Jun 2017

Highly Directional Receiver And Source Antennas Using Photonic Band Gap Crystals, Rana Biswas, Gary L. Tuttle, Ekmel Ozbay, Burak Temelkuran, Mihail Sigalas, Kai-Ming Ho

Gary Tuttle

A directional antenna made with photonic band gap structures has been presented. The directional antenna is formed with two photonic band gap structures oriented back to back and separated from each other by a distance to form a resonant cavity between the photonic band gap structures. An antenna element is placed in the resonant cavity. The resonant frequency of the cavity is tuned by adjusting the distance between the photonic band gap structures. The resonant cavity can be asymmetrical or symmetrical.


Ferromagnetism Of Magnetically Doped Topological Insulators In Crxbi2− Xte3 Thin Films, Yan Ni, Z. Zhang, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, M. Ravi Hadimani, Gary L. Tuttle, David C. Jiles Jun 2017

Ferromagnetism Of Magnetically Doped Topological Insulators In Crxbi2− Xte3 Thin Films, Yan Ni, Z. Zhang, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, M. Ravi Hadimani, Gary L. Tuttle, David C. Jiles

Gary Tuttle

We investigated the effect of magnetic doping on magnetic and transport properties of Bi2Te3thin films. CrxBi2−xTe3 thin films with x = 0.03, 0.14, and 0.29 were grown epitaxially on mica substrate with low surface roughness (∼0.4 nm). It is found that Cr is an electron acceptor in Bi2Te3 and increases the magnetization of CrxBi2−xTe3. When x = 0.14 and 0.29,ferromagnetism appears in CrxBi2−xTe3 thin films, where anomalous Hall effect and weak localization of magnetoconductance were observed. The Curie temperature, coercivity, and remnant Hall resistance of thin films increase with increasing Cr concentration ...


Morphological Transformations In The Magnetite Biomineralizing Protein Mms6 In Iron Solutions: A Small-Angle X‑Ray Scattering Study, Honghu Zhang, Xunpei Liu, Shuren Feng, Wenjie Wang, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr, Mufit Akinc, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, David Vaknin, Surya K. Mallapragada Feb 2015

Morphological Transformations In The Magnetite Biomineralizing Protein Mms6 In Iron Solutions: A Small-Angle X‑Ray Scattering Study, Honghu Zhang, Xunpei Liu, Shuren Feng, Wenjie Wang, Klaus Schmidt-Rohr, Mufit Akinc, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, David Vaknin, Surya K. Mallapragada

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Magnetotactic bacteria that produce magnetic nanocrystals of uniform size and well-defined morphologies have inspired the use of biomineralization protein Mms6 to promote formation of uniform magnetic nanocrystals in vitro. Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) studies in physiological solutions reveal that Mms6 forms compact globular threedimensional (3D) micelles (approximately 10 nm in diameter) that are, to a large extent, independent of concentration. In the presence of iron ions in the solutions, the general micellar morphology is preserved, however, with associations among micelles that are induced by iron ions. Compared with Mms6, the m2Mms6 mutant (with the sequence of hydroxyl/carboxyl containing ...


Self-Organization Of S Adatoms On Au(111): √3r30° Rows At Low Coverage, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2015

Self-Organization Of S Adatoms On Au(111): √3r30° Rows At Low Coverage, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Using scanning tunneling microscopy, we observe an adlayer structure that is dominated by short rows of S atoms, on unreconstructed regions of a Au(111) surface. This structure forms upon adsorption of low S coverage (less than 0.1 monolayer) on a fully reconstructed clean surface at 300 K, then cooling to 5 K for observation. The rows adopt one of three orientations that are rotated by 30◦ from the close-packed directions of the Au(111) substrate, and adjacent S atoms in the rows are separated by √ 3 times the surface lattice constant, a. Monte Carlo simulations are performed on ...


Reconstruction Of Steps On The Cu(111) Surface Induced By Sulfur, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2015

Reconstruction Of Steps On The Cu(111) Surface Induced By Sulfur, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Arich menagerie of structures is identified at 5Kfollowing adsorption of lowcoverages (≤0.05 monolayers) of S on Cu(111) at room temperature. This paper emphasizes the reconstructions at the steps. The A-type close-packed step has 1 row of S atoms along its lower edge, where S atoms occupy alternating pseudo-fourfold-hollow (p4fh) sites. Additionally, there are 2 rows of S atoms of equal density on the upper edge, bridging a row of extra Cu atoms, together creating an extended chain. The B-type close-packed step exhibits an even more complex reconstruction, in which triangle-shaped groups of Cu atoms shift out of their ...


The (111) Surface Of Naau2: Structure, Composition, And Stability, Emma Jane Kwolek, Roladn Widmer, Oliver GröNing, Okan Deniz, Holly L. Walen, Chad D. Yuen, Wenyu Huang, Deborah L. Schlagel, Mark Wallingford, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2015

The (111) Surface Of Naau2: Structure, Composition, And Stability, Emma Jane Kwolek, Roladn Widmer, Oliver GröNing, Okan Deniz, Holly L. Walen, Chad D. Yuen, Wenyu Huang, Deborah L. Schlagel, Mark Wallingford, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

The (111) surface of single-crystal NaAu2 is a model for catalytically active, powdered NaAu2. We prepare and characterize this surface with a broad suite of techniques. Preparation in ultrahigh vacuum consists of the traditional approach of ion bombardment (to remove impurities) and thermal annealing (to restore surface order). Both of these steps, however, cause loss of sodium (Na), and repeated treatments eventually trigger conversion of the surface and near-surface regions to crystalline gold. The bulk has a limited ability to repopulate the surface Na. Under conditions where Na depletion is minimized, electron diffraction patterns are consistent with the bulkterminated structure ...


Preface: Special Topic On Supramolecular Self-Assembly At Surfaces, Ludwig Bartels, Karl-Heinz Ernst, Hong-Jun Gao, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2015

Preface: Special Topic On Supramolecular Self-Assembly At Surfaces, Ludwig Bartels, Karl-Heinz Ernst, Hong-Jun Gao, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Supramolecular self-assembly at surfaces is one of the most exciting and active fields in Surface Science today. Applications can take advantage of two key properties: (i) versatile pattern formation over a broad length scale and (ii) tunability of electronic structure and transport properties, as well as frontier orbital alignment. It provides a new frontier for Chemical Physics as it uniquely combines the versatility of Organic Synthesis and the Physics of Interfaces. The Journal of Chemical Physics is pleased to publish this Special Topic Issue, showcasing recent advances and new directions.


Cu2s3 Complex On Cu(111) As A Candidate For Mass Transport Enhancement, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Christine M. Aikens, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2015

Cu2s3 Complex On Cu(111) As A Candidate For Mass Transport Enhancement, Holly L. Walen, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Hyunseob Lim, James W. Evans, Christine M. Aikens, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Sulfur-metal complexes, containing only a few atoms, can open new, highly efficient pathways for transport of metal atoms on surfaces. For example, they can accelerate changes in the shape and size of morphological features, such as two-dimensional nanoclusters, over time. In this study we perform STM under conditions that are designed to specifically isolate such complexes. We find a new, unexpected S-Cu complex on the Cu(111) surface, which we identify as Cu2S3. We propose that Cu2S3 enhances mass transport in this system, which contradicts a previous proposal based on Cu3S3 ...


Thermal Effects On The Magnetic Properties Of Titanium Modified Cobalt Ferrite, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Thermal Effects On The Magnetic Properties Of Titanium Modified Cobalt Ferrite, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

The temperature dependence of the magnetic properties of titanium modified cobalt ferrite is presented. The change of maximum magnetization obtained at H ≈ 2.4 MA/m between any two temperatures increases systematically with composition, which is desirable for applications in devices. Variation in magnetocrystalline anisotropy and coercivity were different from previous studies on cation substituted cobalt ferrite. At lower concentrations, the effect of lower thermal energy dominated the effect of non-magnetic cation substitutions in controlling the anisotropy.The reverse was the case at higher concentrations. The temperature dependence of coercivity is dominated by the contribution of magnetocrystalline anisotropy to coercivity ...


Second Order Phase Transition Temperature Of Single Crystals Of Gd5si1.3ge2.7 And Gd5si1.4ge2.6, Ravi L. Hadimani, Yevgen Melikhov, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Second Order Phase Transition Temperature Of Single Crystals Of Gd5si1.3ge2.7 And Gd5si1.4ge2.6, Ravi L. Hadimani, Yevgen Melikhov, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Gd5(Six Ge 1−x)4 has mixed phases in the composition range 0.32 < x < 0.41, which have not been widely studied. In this paper, we have synthesized and indexed single crystal samples of Gd5Si1.3 Ge 2.7 and Gd5Si1.4 Ge 2.6. We have investigated the first order and second orderphase transition temperatures of these samples using magnetic moment vs. temperature andmagnetic moment vs. magnetic field at different temperatures. We have used a modified Arrott plot technique that was developed and reported by us previously to determine the “hidden” second order phase transition temperature of the orthorhombic II phase.


Deep Brain Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Using Variable “Halo Coil” System, Y. Meng, Ravi L. Hadimani, Lawrence J. Crowther, Z. Xu, J. Qu Jan 2015

Deep Brain Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Using Variable “Halo Coil” System, Y. Meng, Ravi L. Hadimani, Lawrence J. Crowther, Z. Xu, J. Qu

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation has the potential to treat various neurological disorders non-invasively and safely. The “Halo coil” configuration can stimulate deeper regions of the brainwith lower surface to deep-brain field ratio compared to other coil configurations. The existing “Halo coil” configuration is fixed and is limited in varying the site of stimulation in the brain. We have developed a new system based on the current “Halo coil” design along with a graphicaluser interface system that enables the larger coil to rotate along the transverse plane. The new system can also enable vertical movement of larger coil. Thus, this adjustable “Halo ...


Influence Of Ga-Concentration On The Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of Magnetoelectric Cogaxfe2− Xo4/Batio3 Composite, Yan Ni, Zhen Zhang, Cajetan I. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Influence Of Ga-Concentration On The Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of Magnetoelectric Cogaxfe2− Xo4/Batio3 Composite, Yan Ni, Zhen Zhang, Cajetan I. Nlebedim, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Multiferroic materials exhibit magnetoelectric (ME) coupling and promise new device applications including magnetic sensors, generators, and filters. An effective method for developing ME materials with enhanced ME effect is achieved by the coupling through the interfacial strain between piezoelectric and magnetostrictive materials. In this study, the electrical and magnetic properties of Ga doped magnetoelectric CoGaxFe2−xO4/BaTiO3composite are studied systematically. It is found that Ga doping improves the sensitivity of magnetoelastic response and stabilizes the magnetic phase of the composites. More importantly, Ga doping reduces the electrical conductivity of composite, as well as the dielectric loss. An enhancement of the ...


Analysis Of Ringing Effects Due To Magnetic Core Materials In Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Circuits, Neelam G. Prabhu Gaunkar, N. R. Y. Bouda, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, Ravi L. Hadimani, I. Bulu, K. Ganesan, Y. Q. Song, Mani Mina, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Analysis Of Ringing Effects Due To Magnetic Core Materials In Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Circuits, Neelam G. Prabhu Gaunkar, N. R. Y. Bouda, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, Ravi L. Hadimani, I. Bulu, K. Ganesan, Y. Q. Song, Mani Mina, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

This work presents investigations and detailed analysis of ringing in a non-resonant pulsednuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) circuit. Ringing is a commonly observed phenomenon in high power switching circuits. The oscillations described as ringing impede measurements in pulsed NMR systems. It is therefore desirable that those oscillations decay fast. It is often assumed that one of the causes behind ringing is the role of the magnetic core used in theantenna (acting as an inductive load). We will demonstrate that an LRC subcircuit is also set-up due to the inductive load and needs to be considered due to its parasitic effects. It ...


Ferromagnetism Of Magnetically Doped Topological Insulators In Crxbi2− Xte3 Thin Films, Yan Ni, Z. Zhang, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, M. Ravi Hadimani, Gary L. Tuttle, David C. Jiles Jan 2015

Ferromagnetism Of Magnetically Doped Topological Insulators In Crxbi2− Xte3 Thin Films, Yan Ni, Z. Zhang, Ikenna C. Nlebedim, M. Ravi Hadimani, Gary L. Tuttle, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

We investigated the effect of magnetic doping on magnetic and transport properties of Bi2Te3thin films. CrxBi2−xTe3 thin films with x = 0.03, 0.14, and 0.29 were grown epitaxially on mica substrate with low surface roughness (∼0.4 nm). It is found that Cr is an electron acceptor in Bi2Te3 and increases the magnetization of CrxBi2−xTe3. When x = 0.14 and 0.29,ferromagnetism appears in CrxBi2−xTe3 thin films, where anomalous Hall effect and weak localization of magnetoconductance were observed. The Curie temperature, coercivity, and remnant Hall resistance of thin films increase with increasing Cr concentration ...


Nonclassical “Explosive” Nucleation In Pb/Si(111) At Low Temperatures, Matthew T. Hershberger, Myron Hupalo, Patricia A. Thiel, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Michael C. Tringides Dec 2014

Nonclassical “Explosive” Nucleation In Pb/Si(111) At Low Temperatures, Matthew T. Hershberger, Myron Hupalo, Patricia A. Thiel, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Michael C. Tringides

Chemistry Publications

Classically, the onset of nucleation is defined in terms of a critical cluster of the condensed phase, which forms from the gradual aggregation of randomly diffusing adatoms. Experiments in Pb/Si(111) at low temperature have discovered a dramatically different type of nucleation, with perfect crystalline islands emerging “explosively” out of the compressed wetting layer after a critical coverage Θc ¼ 1.22 ML is reached. The unexpectedly high island growth rates, the directional correlations in the growth of neighboring islands and the persistence in time of where mass is added in individual islands, suggest that nucleation is a result ...


Soft Lithography Microlens Fabrication And Array For Enhanced Light Extraction From Organic Light Emitting Diodes (Oleds), Wai Y. Leung, Joong-Mok Park, Zhengqing Gan, Kristen P. Constant, Joseph Shinar, Ruth Shinar, Kai-Ming Ho Jun 2014

Soft Lithography Microlens Fabrication And Array For Enhanced Light Extraction From Organic Light Emitting Diodes (Oleds), Wai Y. Leung, Joong-Mok Park, Zhengqing Gan, Kristen P. Constant, Joseph Shinar, Ruth Shinar, Kai-Ming Ho

Iowa State University Patents

Provided are microlens arrays for use on the substrate of OLEDs to extract more light that is trapped in waveguided modes inside the devices and methods of manufacturing same. Light extraction with microlens arrays is not limited to the light emitting area, but is also efficient in extracting light from the whole microlens patterned area where waveguiding occurs. Large microlens array, compared to the size of the light emitting area, extract more light and result in over 100% enhancement. Such a microlens array is not limited to (O)LEDs of specific emission, configuration, pixel size, or pixel shape. It is ...


Aluminum/Alkaline Earth Metal Composites And Method For Producing, Alan M. Russell, Iver E. Anderson, Hyongjune Kim, Andrew E. Freichs Feb 2014

Aluminum/Alkaline Earth Metal Composites And Method For Producing, Alan M. Russell, Iver E. Anderson, Hyongjune Kim, Andrew E. Freichs

Iowa State University Patents

A composite is provided having an electrically conducting Al matrix andelongated filaments comprising Ca and/or Sr and/or Ba disposed in the matrixand extending along a longitudinal axis of the composite. The filaments initially comprise Ca and/or Sr and/or Ba metal or alloy and then may be reacted with the Al matrix to form a strengthening intermetallic compound comprising Al andCa and/or Sr and/or Ba. The composite is useful as a long-distance, high voltage power transmission conductor.


Search For The Structure Of A Sulfur-Induced Reconstruction On Cu(111), Da-Jiang Liu, Holly L. Walen, Junepyo Oh, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2014

Search For The Structure Of A Sulfur-Induced Reconstruction On Cu(111), Da-Jiang Liu, Holly L. Walen, Junepyo Oh, James W. Evans, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We have carried out an extensive DFT-based search for the structure of the (√43 × √43)R ± 7.5° reconstruction of S on Cu(111), which exhibits a honeycombtype structure in scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). We apply two criteria in this search: The structure must have a reasonably low chemical potential, and it must provide a good match with STM data, both our own and the data published by Wahlström et al. Phys. Rev. B 1999, 60, 10699. The best model has 12 S adatoms and 9 Cu adatoms per unit cell. Local defects within the Cu9S12 framework, consisting of ...


Transition Metals On The (0001) Surface Of Graphite: Fundamental Aspects Of Adsorption, Diffusion, And Morphology, David Victor Appy, Huaping Lei, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Michael C. Tringides, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel Jan 2014

Transition Metals On The (0001) Surface Of Graphite: Fundamental Aspects Of Adsorption, Diffusion, And Morphology, David Victor Appy, Huaping Lei, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Michael C. Tringides, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

In this article, we review basic information about the interaction of transition metal atoms with the (0001) surface of graphite, especially fundamental phenomena related to growth. Those phenomena involve adatom-surface bonding, diffusion, morphology of metal clusters, interactions with steps and sputter-induced defects, condensation, and desorption. General traits emerge which have not been summarized previously. Some of these features are rather surprising when compared with metal-on-metal adsorption and growth. Opportunities for future work are pointed out.


Growth And Characterization Of Pt-Protected Gd5si4 Thin Films, Ravi L. Hadimani, Yaroslav Mudryk, Timothy E. Prost, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., David C. Jiles Jan 2014

Growth And Characterization Of Pt-Protected Gd5si4 Thin Films, Ravi L. Hadimani, Yaroslav Mudryk, Timothy E. Prost, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Successful growth and characterization of thin films of giant magnetocaloric Gd5(SixGe1−x)4were reported in the literature with limited success. The inherent difficulty in producing this complex material makes it difficult to characterize all the phases present in the thin films of this material. Therefore, thin film of binary compound of Gd5Si4 was deposited by pulsed laser deposition. It was then covered with platinum on the top of the film to protect against any oxidation when the film was exposed to ambient conditions. The average film thickness wasmeasured to be approximately 350 nm using a scanning electron microscopy, and ...


Enhancement Of Magnetocaloric Effect In The Gd2al Phase By Co Alloying, Z. Y. Huang, H. Fu, Ravi L. Hadimani, E. Agurgo Balfour, S. N. Dembele, B. H. Teng, David C. Jiles Jan 2014

Enhancement Of Magnetocaloric Effect In The Gd2al Phase By Co Alloying, Z. Y. Huang, H. Fu, Ravi L. Hadimani, E. Agurgo Balfour, S. N. Dembele, B. H. Teng, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

To understand the effect of Co doping on the magnetic entropy changes in Gd2 Al phase, a series of Gd2AlCox alloys with 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.6 were synthesized by arc-melting and the crystal structure was analyzed by XRD. The magnetic properties were investigated, and the entropychanges were calculated for a magnetic field change of 50 kOe. All the as-cast alloys dopedwith Co exhibited greater magnetic entropy changes than the original binary Gd2 Al phase. The main reasons attributed to this are the increase of ferromagnetic interaction indicated by the disappearance of cusp and sharp drop in magnetization and the reduction ...


Magnetocaloric Effect In Gdcoxal2−X System For (0.15 ≤ X ≤ 1) Compositions, H. Fu, M. Ravi Hadimani, Z. Ma, M. X. Wang, B. H. Teng, David C. Jiles Jan 2014

Magnetocaloric Effect In Gdcoxal2−X System For (0.15 ≤ X ≤ 1) Compositions, H. Fu, M. Ravi Hadimani, Z. Ma, M. X. Wang, B. H. Teng, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Structure and magnetic properties of the GdAl2-GdCo2 system including magnetocaloric effecthave been investigated for various compositions. The as-cast GdCox Al 2-x alloys prepared by arc-melting crystallize in the dual-phase structure of cubic MgCu2-type and hexagonal MgZn2-type phases. All the as-cast dual-phase alloys exhibit only one magnetic phase transition near 77 K even though two ferrimagnetic phases coexist. The magnetic transition was broadened by the continuous transitions of the component phases, which resulted in enhancement of relative cooling power at the expense of the magnetic entropy changes.


Temperature Dependence Of Magnetic Properties Of Heat Treated Cobalt Ferrite, Cajetan Ikenna Nlebedim, Y. Melikhov, David C. Jiles Jan 2014

Temperature Dependence Of Magnetic Properties Of Heat Treated Cobalt Ferrite, Cajetan Ikenna Nlebedim, Y. Melikhov, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

This study demonstrates the effectiveness of heat treatment in optimizing the magneticproperties of cobalt ferrite, compared to other methods such as cation substitution. It also shows how the magnetic properties of the heat treated cobalt ferrite vary under differenttemperature conditions. Saturation magnetization increased more due to heat treatment than due to Zn-substitution; a cation substitution that is known to result in high saturationmagnetization in ferrites. A remarkable observation is that the increase in the saturationmagnetization due to heat treatment was not at the expense of Curie temperature as was often reported for cation substituted materials. The observed variations in the ...


Evolution Of Griffith's Phase In La0.4bi0.6mn1−Xtixo3 Perovskite Oxide, Vijaylakshmi Dayal, Kumar V. Punith, Ravi L. Hadimani, David C. Jiles Jan 2014

Evolution Of Griffith's Phase In La0.4bi0.6mn1−Xtixo3 Perovskite Oxide, Vijaylakshmi Dayal, Kumar V. Punith, Ravi L. Hadimani, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

amples of La0.4Bi0.6Mn1−xTixO3 have been prepared and their microstructure, composition, and magnetic properties have been investigated for x = 0.05, 0.1, and 0.5.The deviation in the inverse susceptibility behavior from Curie-Weiss law and increase in susceptibility exponent indicates the evolution of the Griffith's phase in La0.4Bi0.6Mn1−xTixO3 around TC. The presence of Griffith's Phase is inferred due to magnetic frustration with increasing Ti concentration. The deviation between field cooled and zero field cooled magnetization curves is observed in these samples and is attributed to the appearance of the spin glass ...


Dependence Of The Magnetostrictive Properties Of Cobalt Ferrite On The Initial Powder Particle Size Distribution, Cajetan Ikenna Nlebedim, David C. Jiles Jan 2014

Dependence Of The Magnetostrictive Properties Of Cobalt Ferrite On The Initial Powder Particle Size Distribution, Cajetan Ikenna Nlebedim, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

The dependence of the magnetostrictive properties of cobalt ferrite on the size distribution of thepowder used in deriving the samples from traditional ceramic approach is presented. Sample obtained by combining the smallest and largest particle size distributions gave the highestmagnetostriction and strain sensitivity (216 ppm and 1.34 nm/A, respectively), for measurementin parallel direction but the least (66 ppm and 0.38 nm/A respectively) in perpendicular direction. Sample derived from largest particle size distribution gave the least magnetostriction and strain sensitivity (147 ppm and 0.61 nm/A, respectively) in parallel direction but the highest (126 ppm and ...


Structural And Magnetic Properties Of Ti4+/Co2+ Co-Substituted Cobalt Ferrite, Cajetan Ikenna Nlebedim, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, David C. Jiles Jan 2014

Structural And Magnetic Properties Of Ti4+/Co2+ Co-Substituted Cobalt Ferrite, Cajetan Ikenna Nlebedim, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

The variations in the structural magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite due to Ti4+/Co2+ co-substitution for 2Fe3+ are presented. The non-linear relation in the variation of the lattice parameter agrees with a previous study on cation distribution, which showed that the rate of substitution of cations into the A-sites and B-sites varies with Ti-concentration. Such variation in the rate of substitution into the cation sites was also observed in the magnetization, coercive field, and susceptibility data. The coercive field and differential susceptibility are inversely related. Although the coercive field of the Ti-substituted cobalt ferrite generally decreased compared ...


Multi-Channel Polarized Thermal Emitter, Jae-Hwang Lee, Kai-Ming Ho, Kristen P. Constant Jul 2013

Multi-Channel Polarized Thermal Emitter, Jae-Hwang Lee, Kai-Ming Ho, Kristen P. Constant

Iowa State University Patents

A multi-channel polarized thermal emitter (PTE) is presented. The multi-channelPTE can emit polarized thermal radiation without using a polarizer at normal emergence. The multi-channel PTE consists of two layers of metallic gratings on a monolithic and homogeneous metallic plate. It can be fabricated by a low-cost soft lithography technique called two-polymer microtransfer molding. The spectral positions of the mid-infrared (MIR) radiation peaks can be tuned by changing the periodicity of the gratings and the spectral separation between peaks are tuned by changing the mutual angle between the orientations of the two gratings.


Multifunctional Properties Of Cyanate Ester Composites With Sio2 Coated Fe3o4 Fillers, Weixing Sun, Wuzhu Sun, Michael R. Kessler, Nicola Bowler, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, Qi Li, Xiaoli Tan Mar 2013

Multifunctional Properties Of Cyanate Ester Composites With Sio2 Coated Fe3o4 Fillers, Weixing Sun, Wuzhu Sun, Michael R. Kessler, Nicola Bowler, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, Qi Li, Xiaoli Tan

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

SiO2 coated Fe3O4 submicrometer spherical particles (a conducting core/insulating shell configuration) are fabricated using a hydrothermal method and are loaded at 10 and 20 vol % into a bisphenol E cyanate ester matrix for synthesis of multifunctional composites. The dielectric constant of the resulting composites is found to be enhanced over a wide frequency and temperature range while the low dielectric loss tangent of the neat cyanate ester polymer is largely preserved up to 160 °C due to the insulating SiO2 coating on individual conductive Fe3O4 submicrometer spheres. These composites also demonstrate high dielectric breakdown strengths at room temperature. Dynamic ...


Fine Structure Observation In Magnetostriction Near The Transition Temperature In Gd5si1.95ge2.05, Ravi L. Hadimani, Y. Melikhov, David C. Jiles Feb 2013

Fine Structure Observation In Magnetostriction Near The Transition Temperature In Gd5si1.95ge2.05, Ravi L. Hadimani, Y. Melikhov, David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Gd5(Si\rm xGe1 -\rm x)4 has a complex magnetic-structural phase diagram which can be divided into three distinct regions. It exhibits an unusual first-order coupled magnetic-structural phase transition in the region \rm x < 0.51. A series of magnetostrictive strain measurements were carried out as a function of magnetic field strength at different temperatures and as a function of temperature at near-zero magnetic field strengths. In this paper, we report for the first time the observation of fine structure in the variation of strain with magnetic field near the first-order phase transition temperature. This fine structure was observed only for the single-crystalline and polycrystalline samples of Gd5 Si 1.95 Ge2.05 but not for Gd5 Si2 Ge2 and Gd5 Si2.09 Ge1.91 samples. There was a sudden increase of about 200-300 ppm in the magnetostrictive strain just prior the field-induced first-order phase transition. In this paper, this anomaly is termed as fine structure. It was observed in measurements of both magnetostrictive strain versus magnetic field and magnetostrictive strain versus temperature. In the case of the polycrystalline Gd5Si 1.95Ge2.05 sample, this anomaly was not as sharp, and the sudden magnetostrictive strain change was about 40 ppm just before the field-induced first-order phase transition.


Manufacturing Method Of Photonic Crystal, In Sung Park, Tae Ho Lee, Jin Ho Ahn, Rana Biswas, Kristen P. Constant, Kai-Ming Ho, Jae-Hwang Lee Jan 2013

Manufacturing Method Of Photonic Crystal, In Sung Park, Tae Ho Lee, Jin Ho Ahn, Rana Biswas, Kristen P. Constant, Kai-Ming Ho, Jae-Hwang Lee

Iowa State University Patents

A manufacturing method of a photonic crystal is provided. In the method, a high-refractive-index material is conformally deposited on an exposed portion of a periodic template composed of a low-refractive-index material by an atomic layer deposition process so that a difference in refractive indices or dielectric constants between the template and adjacent air becomes greater, which makes it possible to form a three-dimensional photonic crystal having a superior photonic bandgap. Herein, the three-dimensional structure may be prepared by a layer-by-layer method.