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2019

Theses/Dissertations

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Development Of An Electrical Interface For A Lateral Field Excited Sensor System, Thomas J. Leighton Aug 2019

Development Of An Electrical Interface For A Lateral Field Excited Sensor System, Thomas J. Leighton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sensor systems are utilized to provide critical information to an end user which may range from a physician in a heath care facility to a soldier in a battle field environment. The "heart" of the sensor system is the sensing platform, examples of which include semiconductor, piezoelectric and optical devices. The responses of these sensors must be converted into a format that the user can read and interpret. This conversion is achieved through integrating the sensing platform with an electrical interface.

The focus of this thesis is the development of the first electrical interface for Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) sensors ...


Design, Construction And Application Of A Home-Built, Two-Photon Microscope, William P. Breeding Aug 2019

Design, Construction And Application Of A Home-Built, Two-Photon Microscope, William P. Breeding

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Two-photon microscopy (TPM) is a powerful, versatile imaging modality for the study of biological systems. This thesis overviews the relevant physics involved in TPM, design considerations and process of constructing a home-built, two-photon microscope, and provides a set of procedures to operate the system. Furthermore, this work explores several applications of TPM through the study of single-cell metabolism and imaging the cellular-material interface. Explored in particular depth was the imaging of cellulose nanofiber (CNF) materials, with the goal of understanding the three-dimensional nature of fibroblast cell growth when embedded within the materials. This work uncovered several optical properties of CNF ...


Cellulose Nanofibrils (Cnf) For Textile Applications: Production Of Neat Cnf Filaments And Reinforcement Of Natural Fiber Yarns, Shokoofeh Ghasemi Aug 2019

Cellulose Nanofibrils (Cnf) For Textile Applications: Production Of Neat Cnf Filaments And Reinforcement Of Natural Fiber Yarns, Shokoofeh Ghasemi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Being the most abundant natural polymer on earth, cellulose materials have been used in many different applications. Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) are a relatively new group of lignocellulose resource-based nanomaterials and have been the topic of many research efforts in wood products and material science field over the recent years. Using CNF in textile applications is one way to diversify product portfolio of these materials as they contain nanoscale fibrils with high mechanical properties which can fulfil textile industry’s demand for strong natural fibers. Considering that CNF is a wood-based cellulosic material in the form of water suspension, in order ...


Optical Direct Detection Of Thermal Vibrations Of Ultralow Stiffness Micro-Nano Structures., Sri Sukanta Chowdhury Aug 2019

Optical Direct Detection Of Thermal Vibrations Of Ultralow Stiffness Micro-Nano Structures., Sri Sukanta Chowdhury

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A direct detection optical vibrometer is constructed around an 850 nm laser and a quadrant photodetector (QPD). The limit of detection is 0.2 fW which corresponds to a minimum amplitude of 0.1 Å. The vibrometer is used to measure the thermal vibration spectra of low stiffness micromechanical structures have nanometer features. One structure measured is a cantilevered 30 μm diameter glass fiber. Vibration amplitudes as low as 1.1 Å are measured. The thermal vibration spectra show fundamental resonances at 80-250 Hz and a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 23-55 dB. Young’s modulus of glass in ...


Adaptive Physical Human-Robot Interaction (Phri) With A Robotic Nursing Assistant., Sumit Kumar Das Aug 2019

Adaptive Physical Human-Robot Interaction (Phri) With A Robotic Nursing Assistant., Sumit Kumar Das

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recently, more and more robots are being investigated for future applications in health-care. For instance, in nursing assistance, seamless Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) is very important for sharing workspaces and workloads between medical staff, patients, and robots. In this thesis we introduce a novel robot - the Adaptive Robot Nursing Assistant (ARNA) and its underlying components. ARNA has been designed specifically to assist nurses with day-to-day tasks such as walking patients, pick-and-place item retrieval, and routine patient health monitoring. An adaptive HRI in nursing applications creates a positive user experience, increase nurse productivity and task completion rates, as reported by experimentation with ...


An Explainable Recommender System Based On Semantically-Aware Matrix Factorization., Mohammed Sanad Alshammari Aug 2019

An Explainable Recommender System Based On Semantically-Aware Matrix Factorization., Mohammed Sanad Alshammari

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Collaborative Filtering techniques provide the ability to handle big and sparse data to predict the ratings for unseen items with high accuracy. Matrix factorization is an accurate collaborative filtering method used to predict user preferences. However, it is a black box system that recommends items to users without being able to explain why. This is due to the type of information these systems use to build models. Although rich in information, user ratings do not adequately satisfy the need for explanation in certain domains. White box systems, in contrast, can, by nature, easily generate explanations. However, their predictions are less ...


Formally Designing And Implementing Cyber Security Mechanisms In Industrial Control Networks., Mehdi Sabraoui Aug 2019

Formally Designing And Implementing Cyber Security Mechanisms In Industrial Control Networks., Mehdi Sabraoui

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes progress in the state-of-the-art for developing and deploying formally verified cyber security devices in industrial control networks. It begins by detailing the unique struggles that are faced in industrial control networks and why concepts and technologies developed for securing traditional networks might not be appropriate. It uses these unique struggles and examples of contemporary cyber-attacks targeting control systems to argue that progress in securing control systems is best met with formal verification of systems, their specifications, and their security properties. This dissertation then presents a development process and identifies two technologies, TLA+ and seL4, that can be ...


Hardware Implementation Of Boost Power Factor Correction Converter., Shruti Motilal Deore Aug 2019

Hardware Implementation Of Boost Power Factor Correction Converter., Shruti Motilal Deore

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Nowadays, there has been an increasing demand of unity power factor in electrical power sector. Due to the nonlinear nature of load equipment, switching devices, source voltage and current are out of phase with each other. Many power converters topologies are used for the power factor correction. The boost converter with controller is most common for power factor correction circuits. The controller objective is to maintain the output voltage regulation and input current tracking with source voltage. The voltage ripple present due to the ac component of the current tracking objective, hence instead of ignoring that ripple, it is used ...


Improving Flow-Induced Hemolysis Prediction Models., Mohammad Mohaghegh Faghih Aug 2019

Improving Flow-Induced Hemolysis Prediction Models., Mohammad Mohaghegh Faghih

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Partial or complete failure of red blood cell membrane, also known as hemolysis, is a persistent issue with almost all blood contacting devices. Many experimental and theoretical contributions over the last few decades have increased insight into the mechanisms of mechanical hemolysis in both laminar and turbulent flow regimes, with the ultimate goal of developing a comprehensive, mechanistic and universal hemolysis prediction model. My research is broadly divided into two sections: theoretical/analytical/Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analyses and experimental tests. The first part of my research revolved entirely around analyzing the simplest and most popular hemolysis model, commonly called ...


All Season Heat Pipe System., Adrienne Marie Parsons Aug 2019

All Season Heat Pipe System., Adrienne Marie Parsons

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Our energy choices impact the earth’s natural systems and climate. As this becomes increasingly important, the need for decreasing our energy usage is essential. Conventional passive solar systems can significantly reduce the heating load. Similarly, passive ambient energy systems, such as ventilation and sky radiation, can reduce cooling loads. However, the integration of passive heating and cooling systems in the same building and the benefits of actively controlling these otherwise passive systems to maximize annual energy savings has largely been unexplored. This study first evaluates the building cooling capacity of sky radiation, which was previously identified to have the ...


Cognitive Satellite Communications And Representation Learning For Streaming And Complex Graphs., Wenqi Liu Aug 2019

Cognitive Satellite Communications And Representation Learning For Streaming And Complex Graphs., Wenqi Liu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation includes two topics. The first topic studies a promising dynamic spectrum access algorithm (DSA) that improves the throughput of satellite communication (SATCOM) under the uncertainty. The other topic investigates distributed representation learning for streaming and complex networks. DSA allows a secondary user to access the spectrum that are not occupied by primary users. However, uncertainty in SATCOM causes more spectrum sensing errors. In this dissertation, the uncertainty has been addressed by formulating a DSA decision-making process as a Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP) model to optimally determine which channels to sense and access. Large-scale networks have attracted ...


Triple-Junction Solar Cells : In Parallel., Levi C Mays Aug 2019

Triple-Junction Solar Cells : In Parallel., Levi C Mays

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This paper looks into the current inefficiency of solar cells and attempts a few alternative solar cell structures in order to provide a more effective source of renewable energy. Currently, multi-junction solar cells are being developed to capture the sun’s light more efficiently. One of the ideas in this paper is to add a window to see if the addition of such a layer into a junction will increase the voltage while maintaining nearly the same current output. Central to this paper is the rearranging of the conducting layers of the multi-junction cell so that the junctions can be ...


Fluid Flow Analysis Of Diluted Evaporating American Whiskey Droplets., Martin J. Brown Vi Aug 2019

Fluid Flow Analysis Of Diluted Evaporating American Whiskey Droplets., Martin J. Brown Vi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The recent discovery of the unique structures, whiskey webs, formed when the evaporation of diluted American whiskey, has raised many questions as to the nature of the structures. Their formation process follows as such: (1) dilution of the whiskey to form nanoaggregates, (2) formation of a monolayer at the air-liquid interface, (3) chaotic ethanol evaporation caused monolayer collapse (via dynamic pressure), (4) bulk fluid evaporation caused monolayer collapse (via reduction of surface area), where the web-like structures reside on the surface, and finally, (5) web-like structures deposit on the substrate. The webs imaged via SEM had a striking resemblance to ...


Feasibility Study Of Intelligent Lvad Control For Optimal Heart Failure Therapy., John A. Karlen Iii Jul 2019

Feasibility Study Of Intelligent Lvad Control For Optimal Heart Failure Therapy., John A. Karlen Iii

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are operated at constant speeds (rpm), consequently, pump flow is passively determined by the pressure difference between the LV and aorta. Since the diastolic pressure gradient (~70 mmHg) is much larger than the systolic gradient (~10 mmHg), the majority of pump flow occurs during systole. This limitation results in sub-optimal LV volume unloading, LV washing, and diminished vascular pulsatility that may be associated with increased risk for clinically-significant adverse events, including stroke, bleeding, arteriovenous malformations, and aortic insufficiency. To address these clinical adverse events, an intelligent control strategy using pump speed modulation was developed ...


Simulation Of A Continuum Tumor Model Using Distributed Computing., Dylan A Goodin Jul 2019

Simulation Of A Continuum Tumor Model Using Distributed Computing., Dylan A Goodin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Mathematical modeling aims to provide a theoretical framework for understanding tissue dynamics and for establishing treatment response for diseased tissues, such as tumors. Previously published continuum models have successfully represented idealized two-dimensional and three-dimensional tissue for short periods of time. A recently published continuum model of cancer increases model complexity and describes three-dimensional tissue that, due to the required complexity of the geometric multigrid solver, can only be feasibly applied to millimeter-scale simulations. Furthermore, the computational cost for such models has hindered their application in the laboratory and in the clinic. With computational demands greatly outpacing current openMP-based approaches on ...


Investigating The Time-Dependent And The Mechanical Behavior Of Wood Plastic Composite Lumber Made From Thermally Modified Wood In The Use Of Marine Aquacultural Structures, Murtada A. Alrubaie May 2019

Investigating The Time-Dependent And The Mechanical Behavior Of Wood Plastic Composite Lumber Made From Thermally Modified Wood In The Use Of Marine Aquacultural Structures, Murtada A. Alrubaie

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Wood Plastic Composite (WPC) lumber based on a patent-pending formulation is being explored for use in the manufacture of an aquaculture fish cage structure (Aquapod net pen cage), as an alternative to the current high density polyethylene (HDPE) lumber. The use of WPC lumber in structural applications in marine environments requires a comprehensive effort to understand the material viscoelastic behavior and the structural performance of the WPC lumber in marine environments where the WPC lumber is exposed to the combined effect of saltwater immersion and temperature (hygrothermal). The evaluation of the viscoelastic behavior of WPC lumber in marine environments was ...


Prediction Of Paper Coating Mechanical Behavior Based On Particle-Scale Models, Daniel H. Varney May 2019

Prediction Of Paper Coating Mechanical Behavior Based On Particle-Scale Models, Daniel H. Varney

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The mechanical properties of pigmented coatings are important for a number of situations; including coated paper, architectural paints, and structures in flexible lithium ion batteries. Coated paper and board undergo a variety of post coating application processes which have the potential to cause serious quality problems such as cracking, picking, and crack-at-the fold (CAF). Because a large number of parameters are known to influence the results, fundamental models are needed to help describe these processes and link them to the coating formulations and to the defects.

A discrete element method (DEM) computer model was developed to describe the pigment level ...


Process Optimization Of Levulinic Acid Production From Seaweeds And Its Upgrading To Tdo Oil, Maurvin Patel May 2019

Process Optimization Of Levulinic Acid Production From Seaweeds And Its Upgrading To Tdo Oil, Maurvin Patel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Levulinic acid (LA) is a platform chemical and it can be upgraded to various products like bio-oil. The acid hydrolysis of cellulose is a widely researched pathway to make LA. However, investments to produce LA commercially can be subjected to risks due to feedstock price volatility and high processing costs. Such risks can be reduced by expanding the feedstock portfolio to produce LA from feedstock beyond wood and improving the energy efficiency of the process. One little investigated feedstock for production of LA is macro algae (seaweed). Seaweed is potentially attractive because it has low content of lignin or 5 ...


Tidal And Subtidal Processes At The Mouth Of A Macrotidal Estuary, Rachel Chambers May 2019

Tidal And Subtidal Processes At The Mouth Of A Macrotidal Estuary, Rachel Chambers

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Secondary flows and mixing have been shown to influence sediment transport, the vertical salinity gradient, and the exchange flow in estuaries. Typically, these hydrodynamic properties are investigated with respect to time and depth and their variability across the estuary is neglected. However, recent studies have shown that secondary flows and mixing, along with mechanisms that influence them, can exhibit lateral variability. Additionally, the variability of these hydrodynamic properties has not been studied in macrotidal estuaries, where the increased tidal forcing could affect the strength and cross channel variability.

There are two primary objectives of this thesis. The first objective is ...


Conversion Of Pretreated Hardwood To Medium-Chain Fatty Acids For Production Of Biolubricants, Koorosh Kashkooli May 2019

Conversion Of Pretreated Hardwood To Medium-Chain Fatty Acids For Production Of Biolubricants, Koorosh Kashkooli

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA, e.g., hexanoic, heptanoic and octanoic acid) are versatile chemical compounds that are suitable precursors for the production of high-carbon-number, value-added chemicals such as bio-based lubricants. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA, e.g., acetic, propionic, butyric, valeric acid) and methane are the natural fermentation products of anaerobic digestion, however, they have a lower value compared to MCFAs. Our current investigation seeks to integrate the production of MCFAs through chain elongation fermentation of pretreated biomass with catalytic conversion of MCFAs to lubricant molecules. By adding reducing agents such as ethanol and lactic acid to the anaerobic digestion, and ...


Perspectives On Water Resources Risk, Policy, And Stewardship, Anne Marie Lausier May 2019

Perspectives On Water Resources Risk, Policy, And Stewardship, Anne Marie Lausier

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Water management approaches have historically optimized water for human use and placed lower emphasis on the relationship between ecosystems and humans. Despite efforts to balance human and ecosystem needs, existing management approaches tend to prioritize some needs, knowledges, and values over others. Natural and anthropogenic changes pose challenges to water governance institutions due to policy inflexibility, and may lead to ecosystem degradation, water stress, and conflict among water users. This work seeks to redress these shortcomings through three scholarly contributions. First, a conceptual framework for Water Resources Stewardship is developed in support of equitable and adaptive solutions under changing conditions ...


Tide And Storm Surge Dynamics In Estuaries Of Variable Morphology, Preston Spicer May 2019

Tide And Storm Surge Dynamics In Estuaries Of Variable Morphology, Preston Spicer

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Storm surges are the most destructive component of coastal storms, and climate change is predicted to enhance the frequency of intense storm events in the future. Currently, most storm surge forecasting assumes linear surges and the extent to which this assumption leads to model inaccuracies is currently unknown. The goals of this research are to characterize storm surge in estuaries and determine the contribution of nonlinear tide-surge interaction to total inland surges. A citizen science experiment was conducted in four estuaries in Maine. Results show the estuary shape influences surges through convergence, friction and man-made constrictions. These mechanisms modified total ...


Successful Factors For Native And Community College Transfer Students In Engineering Technology At A Four-Year University, Leendert Craig May 2019

Successful Factors For Native And Community College Transfer Students In Engineering Technology At A Four-Year University, Leendert Craig

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Students who attend community colleges often transfer to 4-year universities seeking to earn a degree typically not offered at the community college level. Tennessee has 2 programs: the Tennessee Promise and the Tennessee Reconnect programs that offer students tuition-free access to the state’s community college system. Previous studies have been conducted to compare transfer students’ performances to that of native students and typically compared the students in all disciplines. This study seeks to compare transfer students (students who enter the participating university with 40 or more credit hours) to native students (students who initially enrolled or transferred into the ...


Influence Of Mechanical Properties Of Paper Coating On The Crack At The Fold Problem, Seyyed Mohammad Hashemi Najafi May 2019

Influence Of Mechanical Properties Of Paper Coating On The Crack At The Fold Problem, Seyyed Mohammad Hashemi Najafi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Paper coating layers are subject to various stresses and deformations in many converting processes such as calendering, printing, slitting, and folding of the paper. In some cases, products may crack during folding to generate a defect called cracking at the fold (CAF). The parameters that influence these defects are not well understood. The overall goal of this thesis is to better understand the CAF behavior as related to material properties of the coating layer.

A method was developed to produce free-standing pigmented coating layers thick enough to be tested in bending as well as tension. The mechanical properties of these ...


Parameters That Influence The Performance Of Dispersion Barrier Coatings, Randy Raditya May 2019

Parameters That Influence The Performance Of Dispersion Barrier Coatings, Randy Raditya

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Barrier coating layers are important in many paper grades used in food packaging and have the potential to help reduce our use of plastics in some situations. Barrier layers to produce water proof packaging such as milk or juice cartons or coffee cups are common. Water based dispersion barrier coatings have the potential to be a low-cost alternative to extrusion coated layers. Water borne coatings are reported to be easy to recycle and break down in the environment. However, barrier properties are often less than what is desired and expected for these water borne coatings. The reason for this poor ...


Point Cloud Technology For Analysis Of Existing Structures, Jacob Cano May 2019

Point Cloud Technology For Analysis Of Existing Structures, Jacob Cano

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

For this thesis, a study was completed on two different structures on the UCF Orlando campus through the use of both structural plans and point cloud technology. The results sought to understand the viability of point cloud technology as an accurate tool for the static and dynamic modal analysis of existing structures. For static analysis, a portion of the framing of Spectrum Stadium was rendered, modeled, analyzed and compared to a previous case study. The results emphasized how different users can render dissimilar member sizes and lengths due to human judgment on point cloud visuals. The study also found that ...


Game-Theoretic Frameworks And Strategies For Defense Against Network Jamming And Collocation Attacks, Ahmed Hemida May 2019

Game-Theoretic Frameworks And Strategies For Defense Against Network Jamming And Collocation Attacks, Ahmed Hemida

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Modern networks are becoming increasingly more complex, heterogeneous, and densely connected. While more diverse services are enabled to an ever-increasing number of users through ubiquitous networking and pervasive computing, several important challenges have emerged. For example, densely connected networks are prone to higher levels of interference, which makes them more vulnerable to jamming attacks. Also, the utilization of software-based protocols to perform routing, load balancing and power management functions in Software-Defined Networks gives rise to more vulnerabilities that could be exploited by malicious users and adversaries. Moreover, the increased reliance on cloud computing services due to a growing demand for ...


A Study Of Nonlinear Dynamics Of Eeg Responses To Simulated Unmanned Vehicle Tasks, Ziqing Xu May 2019

A Study Of Nonlinear Dynamics Of Eeg Responses To Simulated Unmanned Vehicle Tasks, Ziqing Xu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In the contemporary world, mental workload becomes higher as technology evolves and task demand becomes overwhelming. The operators of a system are usually required to complete tasks with higher complicity within a shorter period of time. Continuous operation under a high level of mental workload can be a major source of risk and human error, thus put the operator in a hazardous working environment. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor and assess mental workload. In this study, an unmanned vehicle operation with visual detection tasks was investigated by means of nonlinear analysis of EEG time series. Nonlinear analysis is considered ...


Resource Optimization In Visible Light Communication Using Internet Of Things, Akash Dey May 2019

Resource Optimization In Visible Light Communication Using Internet Of Things, Akash Dey

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In the modern day, there is a serious spectrum crunch in the legacy radio frequency (RF) band, for which visible light communication (VLC) can be a promising option. VLC is a short-range wireless communication variant which uses the visible light spectrum. In this thesis, we are using a VLC-based architecture for providing scalable communications to Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices where a multi-element hemispherical bulb is used that can transmit data streams from multiple light emitting diode (LED) boards. The essence of this architecture is that it uses a Line-of-Sight (LoS) alignment protocol that handles the hand-off issue created by the movement ...


Value-Of-Information Based Data Collection In Underwater Sensor Networks, Fahad Khan May 2019

Value-Of-Information Based Data Collection In Underwater Sensor Networks, Fahad Khan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Underwater sensor networks are deployed in marine environments, presenting specific challenges compared to sensor networks deployed in terrestrial settings. Among the major issues that underwater sensor networks face is communication medium limitations that result in low bandwidth and long latency. This creates problems when these networks need to transmit large amounts of data over long distances. A possible solution to address this issue is to use mobile sinks such as autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) to offload these large quantities of data. Such mobile sinks are called data mules. Often it is the case that a sensor network is deployed to ...