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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Calorismart: Small-Scale Test-Stand For Rapid Evaluation Of Active Magnetic Regenerator Performance, Lucas Griffith, Agata Czernuszewicz, Julie Slaughter, Vitalij K. Pecharsky Nov 2019

Calorismart: Small-Scale Test-Stand For Rapid Evaluation Of Active Magnetic Regenerator Performance, Lucas Griffith, Agata Czernuszewicz, Julie Slaughter, Vitalij K. Pecharsky

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We report operation of a device designed specifically for rapid experimental evaluation of performance of magnetocaloric materials in different magnetic fields using a compact active magnetic regenerator bed with a total volume of approximately 5 mL. Other features of the system include digital control of the rotating-permanent-magnet field source and custom dual-opposed syringe pump that enable precise tuning and coupling of the flow profile and the magnetic field profile. Performance of the device is demonstrated for flow volumes between 1 and 4 mL (utilization from 0.48 to 1.9), maximum magnetic fields of 1.13 and 1.45 T ...


Computational Studies Of Thermal Properties And Desalination Performance Of Low-Dimensional Materials, Yang Hong Aug 2019

Computational Studies Of Thermal Properties And Desalination Performance Of Low-Dimensional Materials, Yang Hong

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

During the last 30 years, microelectronic devices have been continuously designed and developed with smaller size and yet more functionalities. Today, hundreds of millions of transistors and complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor cells can be designed and integrated on a single microchip through 3D packaging and chip stacking technology. A large amount of heat will be generated in a limited space during the operation of microchips. Moreover, there is a high possibility of hot spots due to non-uniform integrated circuit design patterns as some core parts of a microchip work harder than other memory parts. This issue becomes acute as stacked microchips get ...


Using Thermal Gradient Measurements To Compare Bath Temperature And Agitation Effects On The Quenching Performance Of Palm Oil, Canola Oil And A Conventional Petroleum Oil, Bozidar Matijevic, Bruno F. Canale, Božidar Lišcic, George Totten May 2019

Using Thermal Gradient Measurements To Compare Bath Temperature And Agitation Effects On The Quenching Performance Of Palm Oil, Canola Oil And A Conventional Petroleum Oil, Bozidar Matijevic, Bruno F. Canale, Božidar Lišcic, George Totten

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

A proprietary Liscic/Petrofer cylindrical Inconel 600 probe of 50-mm diameter and 200-mm length which was instrumented with three thermocouples on the same radius of the crosssection at the middle of the length was used to determine the differences in quenching performance of two vegetable oils, palm oil and canola oil, and they were compared to a locally produced conventional petroleum oil quenchant. The cooling curves and heat transfer performance of these oils were determined at different bath temperatures and agitation rates. The work was performed at the Quenching Research Centre located at the Faculty for Mechanical Engineering, University of ...


Parallelized Particle Swarm Optimization To Estimate The Heat Transfer Coefficients Of Palm Oil, Canola Oil, Conventional, And Accelerated Petroleum Oil Quenchants, Zoltán Fried, Imre Felde, Rosa L. Simencio Otero, Jônatas M. Viscaino, George E. Totten, Lauralice Canale Feb 2019

Parallelized Particle Swarm Optimization To Estimate The Heat Transfer Coefficients Of Palm Oil, Canola Oil, Conventional, And Accelerated Petroleum Oil Quenchants, Zoltán Fried, Imre Felde, Rosa L. Simencio Otero, Jônatas M. Viscaino, George E. Totten, Lauralice Canale

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

An inverse solver for the estimation of the temporal-spatial heat transfer coefficients (HTC), without using prior information of the thermal boundary conditions, was used for immersion quenching into palm oil, canola oil, and two commercial petroleum oil quenchants. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) method was used on near-surface temperature-time cooling curve data obtained with the so-called Tensi multithermocouple, and a 12.5 by 45 mm Inconel 600 probe. The fitness function to be minimized by a PSO approach is defined by the deviation of the measured and calculated cooling curves. The PSO algorithm was parallelized and implemented on a graphics ...


Influence Of Micro-Structured Superhydrophobic Surfaces On Nucleation And Natural Convection In A Heated Pool, Adam Cowley, Daniel Maynes, Julie Crockett, Brian D. Iverson Feb 2019

Influence Of Micro-Structured Superhydrophobic Surfaces On Nucleation And Natural Convection In A Heated Pool, Adam Cowley, Daniel Maynes, Julie Crockett, Brian D. Iverson

Faculty Publications

This word experimentally explores sub-boiling pool nucleation on micro-structured superhydrophobic surfaces. All surfaces tested were submerged in a 20 mm deep pool of water and heated from below to maintain a constant surface temperature, while the side walls of the pool were insulated, and the top was covered. Three thermocouples positioned in the pool obtain the average pool temperature. A heat flux sensor is placed directly beneath the surface to measure the heat flux supplied to the pool. Free convection heat transfer coefficients are obtained for the sub-boiling temperature range of 40 – 90 ºC. Six surface types are studied: smooth ...


Numerical Study On The Dynamic Process Of Single Plume Flow In Thermal Convection With Polymers, Jian-Ping Cheng, Wei-Hua Cai, Hong-Na Zhang, Feng-Chen Li, Lian Shen, Shi-Zhi Qian Jan 2019

Numerical Study On The Dynamic Process Of Single Plume Flow In Thermal Convection With Polymers, Jian-Ping Cheng, Wei-Hua Cai, Hong-Na Zhang, Feng-Chen Li, Lian Shen, Shi-Zhi Qian

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

A direct numerical simulation of single plume flow in thermal convection with polymers was carried out in a domain with 1:3 as the width to height ratio. The heat transport ability is weakened by adding polymers within the here-investigated governing parameter range. However, it is promoted when the maximum polymer extension L is increased. The distribution of vertical velocity and temperature indicates that the plume in the polymer solution case is speeded up and widens bigger as compared to that in the Newtonian fluid case. Inside the plume, polymer chains tend to release energy at the position where the ...