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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Amodal Instance Segmentation And Multi-Object Tracking With Deep Pixel Embedding, Yanfeng Liu Dec 2019

Amodal Instance Segmentation And Multi-Object Tracking With Deep Pixel Embedding, Yanfeng Liu

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

This thesis extends upon the representational output of semantic instance segmentation by explicitly including both visible and occluded parts. A fully convolutional network is trained to produce consistent pixel-level embedding across two layers such that, when clustered, the results convey the full spatial extent and depth ordering of each instance. Results demonstrate that the network can accurately estimate complete masks in the presence of occlusion and outperform leading top-down bounding-box approaches.

The model is further extended to produce consistent pixel-level embeddings across two consecutive image frames from a video to simultaneously perform amodal instance segmentation and multi-object tracking. No post-processing ...


Pixel-Level Deep Multi-Dimensional Embeddings For Homogeneous Multiple Object Tracking, Mateusz Mittek Dec 2019

Pixel-Level Deep Multi-Dimensional Embeddings For Homogeneous Multiple Object Tracking, Mateusz Mittek

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

The goal of Multiple Object Tracking (MOT) is to locate multiple objects and keep track of their individual identities and trajectories given a sequence of (video) frames. A popular approach to MOT is tracking by detection consisting of two processing components: detection (identification of objects of interest in individual frames) and data association (connecting data from multiple frames). This work addresses the detection component by introducing a method based on semantic instance segmentation, i.e., assigning labels to all visible pixels such that they are unique among different instances. Modern tracking methods often built around Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) and ...


The Stability Analysis For Wind Turbines With Doubly Fed Induction Generators, Baohua Dong Nov 2019

The Stability Analysis For Wind Turbines With Doubly Fed Induction Generators, Baohua Dong

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

The quickly increasing, widespread use of wind generation around the world reduces carbon emissions, decreases the effects of global warming, and lowers dependence on fossil fuels. However, the growing penetration of wind power requires more effort to maintain power systems stability.

This dissertation focuses on developing a novel algorithm which dynamically optimizes the proportional-integral (PI) controllers of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) driven by a wind turbine to increase the transient performance based on small signal stability analysis.

Firstly, the impact of wind generation is introduced. The stability of power systems with wind generation is described, including the different ...


Cooperative Learning For The Consensus Of Multi-Agent Systems, Qishuai Liu Aug 2019

Cooperative Learning For The Consensus Of Multi-Agent Systems, Qishuai Liu

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Due to a lot of attention for the multi-agent system in recent years, the consensus algorithm gained immense popularity for building fault-tolerant systems in system and control theory. Generally, the consensus algorithm drives the swarm of agents to work as a coherent group that can reach an agreement regarding a certain quantity of interest, which depends on the state of all agents themselves. The most common consensus algorithm is the average consensus, the final consensus value of which is equal to the average of the initial values. If we want the agents to find the best area of the particular ...


Embedded System Design Of Robot Control Architectures For Unmanned Agricultural Ground Vehicles, Ryan Humphrey Aug 2019

Embedded System Design Of Robot Control Architectures For Unmanned Agricultural Ground Vehicles, Ryan Humphrey

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Engineering technology has matured to the extent where accompanying methods for unmanned field management is now becoming a technologically achievable and economically viable solution to agricultural tasks that have been traditionally performed by humans or human operated machines. Additionally, the rapidly increasing world population and the daunting burden it places on farmers in regards to the food production and crop yield demands, only makes such advancements in the agriculture industry all the more imperative. Consequently, the sector is beginning to observe a noticeable shift, where there exist a number of scalable infrastructural changes that are in the process of slowly ...


Low-Dimensional Materials With Protective Coatings For Applications Under Extreme Conditions, Qiming Zou Apr 2019

Low-Dimensional Materials With Protective Coatings For Applications Under Extreme Conditions, Qiming Zou

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Traditional ceramic-based, conductive materials used under extreme conditions are severely limited due to their conditional electrical conductivity and poor stability under harsh circumstances. Advanced composite structures based on vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) and high-temperature ceramics are expected to address this grand challenge, in which ceramic serves as a shielding layer protecting the VACNTs from the oxidation and erosive environment, while the VACNTs work as a conductor. However, it is still a great challenge to fabricate VACNT/ceramic composite structures due to the limited infiltration of ceramics inside the VACNT arrays. Hence developing a feasible method to infiltrate ceramics into ...


Aerial Base Station Deployment For Post-Disaster Public Safety Applications, Jose Antonio Matamoros Vargas Apr 2019

Aerial Base Station Deployment For Post-Disaster Public Safety Applications, Jose Antonio Matamoros Vargas

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Earthquakes and floods are constant threats to most of the countries in the world. After such catastrophes, a rapid response is needed, which includes communications not only for first responders but also for local civilians. Even though there are technologies and specialized personnel for rapid deployment, it is common that external factors will hinder the arrival of help while communication requirements are urgently required. Such communication technologies would aid tasks regarding organization and information dissemination from authorities to the civilians and vice-versa. This necessity is due to protocols and applications to allocate the number of emergency resources per location and ...


Effects Of Correlation Of Channel Gains On The Secrecy Capacity In The Gaussian Wiretap Channel, Abhishek Lokur Jan 2019

Effects Of Correlation Of Channel Gains On The Secrecy Capacity In The Gaussian Wiretap Channel, Abhishek Lokur

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Secrecy capacity is one of the most important characteristic of a wireless communication channel. Therefore, the study of this characteristic wherein the system has correlated channel gains and study them for different line-of-sight (LOS) propagation scenarios is of ultimate importance.

The primary objective of this thesis from the mathematical side is to determine the secrecy capacity (SC) for correlated channel gains for the main and eavesdropper channels in a Gaussian Wiretap channel as a function from main parameters (μ, Σ, ρ). f(h1, h2) is the joint distribution of the two channel gains at channel use (h1 ...