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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Digitalization In Practice: The Fifth Discipline Advantage, Siu Loon Hoe Dec 2019

Digitalization In Practice: The Fifth Discipline Advantage, Siu Loon Hoe

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide advice to organizations on how to become successful in the digital age. The paper revisits Peter Senge's (1990) notion of the learning organization and discusses the relevance of systems thinking and the other four disciplines, namely, personal mastery, mental models, shared vision and team learning in the context of the current digitalization megatrend. Design/methodology/approach This paper is based on content analysis of essays from international organizations, strategy experts and management scholars, and insights gained from the author's consulting experience. A comparative case study from the health and ...


Do My Students Understand? Automated Identification Of Doubts From Informal Reflections, Siaw Ling Lo, Kar Way Tan, Eng Lieh Ouh Dec 2019

Do My Students Understand? Automated Identification Of Doubts From Informal Reflections, Siaw Ling Lo, Kar Way Tan, Eng Lieh Ouh

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Traditionallyteaching is usually one directional where the instructor imparts knowledge andthere is minimal interaction between learners and instructor. With the focus onlearner-centred pedagogy, it can be a challenge to provide timely and relevantguidance to individual learners according to their levels of understanding. Oneof the options available is to collect reflections from learners after eachlesson to extract relevant and high-value feedback so that doubts or questionscan be addressed in a timely manner. In this paper, we derived an approach toautomate the identification of doubts from the informal reflections through featuresanalysis and machine learning. Using reflections as a feedback mechanism andaligning it ...


Identifying Regional Trends In Avatar Customization, Peter Mawhorter, Sercan Sengun, Haewoon Kwak, D. Fox Harrell Dec 2019

Identifying Regional Trends In Avatar Customization, Peter Mawhorter, Sercan Sengun, Haewoon Kwak, D. Fox Harrell

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Since virtual identities such as social media profiles and avatars have become a common venue for self-expression, it has become important to consider the ways in which existing systems embed the values of their designers. In order to design virtual identity systems that reflect the needs and preferences of diverse users, understanding how the virtual identity construction differs between groups is important. This paper presents a new methodology that leverages deep learning and differential clustering for comparative analysis of profile images, with a case study of almost 100 000 avatars from a large online community using a popular avatar creation ...


Finding Needles In A Haystack: Leveraging Co-Change Dependencies To Recommend Refactorings, Marcos César De Oliveira, Davi Freitas, Rodrigo Bonifacio, Gustavo Pinto, David Lo Dec 2019

Finding Needles In A Haystack: Leveraging Co-Change Dependencies To Recommend Refactorings, Marcos César De Oliveira, Davi Freitas, Rodrigo Bonifacio, Gustavo Pinto, David Lo

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

A fine-grained co-change dependency arises when two fine-grained source-code entities, e.g., a method,change frequently together. This kind of dependency is relevant when considering remodularization efforts (e.g., to keep methods that change together in the same class). However, existing approaches forrecommending refactorings that change software decomposition (such as a move method) do not explorethe use of fine-grained co-change dependencies. In this paper we present a novel approach for recommending move method and move field refactorings, which removes co-change dependencies and evolutionary smells, a particular type of dependency that arise when fine-grained entities that belong to different classes frequently ...


Aspect And Opinion Aware Abstractive Review Summarization With Reinforced Hard Typed Decoder, Yufei Tian, Jianfei Yu, Jing Jiang Nov 2019

Aspect And Opinion Aware Abstractive Review Summarization With Reinforced Hard Typed Decoder, Yufei Tian, Jianfei Yu, Jing Jiang

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

In this paper, we study abstractive review summarization. Observing that review summaries often consist of aspect words, opinion words and context words, we propose a two-stage reinforcement learning approach, which first predicts the output word type from the three types, and then leverages the predicted word type to generate the final word distribution. Experimental results on two Amazon product review datasets demonstrate that our method can consistently outperform several strong baseline approaches based on ROUGE scores.


Stressmon: Scalable Detection Of Perceived Stress And Depression Using Passive Sensing Of Changes In Work Routines And Group Interactions, Nur Camellia Binte Zakaria, Rajesh Balan, Youngki Lee Nov 2019

Stressmon: Scalable Detection Of Perceived Stress And Depression Using Passive Sensing Of Changes In Work Routines And Group Interactions, Nur Camellia Binte Zakaria, Rajesh Balan, Youngki Lee

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Stress and depression are a common affliction in all walks of life. When left unmanaged, stress can inhibit productivity or cause depression. Depression can occur independently of stress. There has been a sharp rise in mobile health initiatives to monitor stress and depression. However, these initiatives usually require users to install dedicated apps or multiple sensors, making such solutions hard to scale. Moreover, they emphasise sensing individual factors and overlook social interactions, which plays a significant role in influencing stress and depression while being a part of a social system. We present StressMon, a stress and depression detection system that ...


Ridesourcing Systems: A Framework And Review, Hai Wang, Hai Yang Nov 2019

Ridesourcing Systems: A Framework And Review, Hai Wang, Hai Yang

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

With the rapid development and popularization of mobile and wireless communication technologies, ridesourcing companies have been able to leverage internet-based platforms to operate e-hailing services in many cities around the world. These companies connect passengers and drivers in real time and are disruptively changing the transportation indus- try. As pioneers in a general sharing economy context, ridesourcing shared transportation platforms consist of a typical two-sided market. On the demand side, passengers are sensi- tive to the price and quality of the service. On the supply side, drivers, as freelancers, make working decisions flexibly based on their income from the platform ...


Secure Virtual Machine Placement In Cloud Data Centers, Amit Agarwal, Nguyen Binh Duong Ta Nov 2019

Secure Virtual Machine Placement In Cloud Data Centers, Amit Agarwal, Nguyen Binh Duong Ta

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Due to an increasing number of avenues for conducting cross-VM side-channel attacks, the security of multi-tenant public IaaS cloud environments is a growing concern. These attacks allow an adversary to steal private information from a target user whose VM instance is co-located with that of the adversary. In this paper, we focus on secure VM placement algorithms which a cloud provider can use for the automatic enforcement of security against such co-location based attacks. To do so, we first establish a metric for evaluating and quantifying co-location security of multi-tenant public IaaS clouds, and then propose a novel VM placement ...


Generic Construction Of Elgamal-Type Attribute-Based Encryption Schemes With Revocability And Dual-Policy, Shengmin Xu, Yinghui Zhang, Yingjiu Li, Ximeng Liu, Guomin Yang Oct 2019

Generic Construction Of Elgamal-Type Attribute-Based Encryption Schemes With Revocability And Dual-Policy, Shengmin Xu, Yinghui Zhang, Yingjiu Li, Ximeng Liu, Guomin Yang

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Cloud is a computing paradigm for allowing data owners to outsource their data to enjoy on-demand services and mitigate the burden of local data storage. However, secure sharing of data via cloud remains an essential issue since the cloud service provider is untrusted. Fortunately, asymmetric-key encryption, such as identity-based encryption (IBE) and attribute-based encryption (ABE), provides a promising tool to offer data confidentiality and has been widely applied in cloud-based applications. In this paper, we summarize the common properties of most of IBE and ABE and introduce a cryptographic primitive called ElGamal type cryptosystem. This primitive can be used to ...


Explaining Regressions Via Alignment Slicing And Mending, Haijun Wang, Yun Lin, Zijiang Yang, Jun Sun, Yang Liu, Jinsong Dong, Qinghua Zheng, Ting Liu Oct 2019

Explaining Regressions Via Alignment Slicing And Mending, Haijun Wang, Yun Lin, Zijiang Yang, Jun Sun, Yang Liu, Jinsong Dong, Qinghua Zheng, Ting Liu

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Regression faults, which make working code stop functioning, are often introduced when developers make changes to the software. Many regression fault localization techniques have been proposed. However, issues like inaccuracy and lack of explanation are still obstacles for their practical application. In this work, we propose a trace-based approach to identifying not only where the root cause of a regression bug lies, but also how the defect is propagated to its manifestation as the explanation. In our approach, we keep the trace of original correct version as reference and infer the faulty steps on the trace of regression version so ...


Why Reinventing The Wheels? An Empirical Study On Library Reuse And Re-Implementation, Bowen Xu, Le An, Ferdian Thung, Foutse Khomh, David Lo Sep 2019

Why Reinventing The Wheels? An Empirical Study On Library Reuse And Re-Implementation, Bowen Xu, Le An, Ferdian Thung, Foutse Khomh, David Lo

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Nowadays, with the rapid growth of open source software (OSS), library reuse becomes more and more popular since a large amount of third- party libraries are available to download and reuse. A deeper understanding on why developers reuse a library (i.e., replacing self-implemented code with an external library) or re-implement a library (i.e., replacing an imported external library with self-implemented code) could help researchers better understand the factors that developers are concerned with when reusing code. This understanding can then be used to improve existing libraries and API recommendation tools for researchers and practitioners by using the developers ...


Confusion And Information Triggered By Photos In Persona Profiles, Joni Salminen, Soon-Gyo Jung, Jisun An, Haewoon Kwak, Lene Nielsen, Bernard J. Jansen Sep 2019

Confusion And Information Triggered By Photos In Persona Profiles, Joni Salminen, Soon-Gyo Jung, Jisun An, Haewoon Kwak, Lene Nielsen, Bernard J. Jansen

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

We investigate whether additional photos beyond a single headshot makes a persona profile more informative without confusing the end user. We conduct an eye-tracking experiment and qualitative interviews with digital content creators after varying the persona in photos via a single headshot, a headshot and photo of the persona in different contexts, and a headshot with photos of different people with key persona attributes the gender and age. Findings show that contextual photos provide significantly more persona information to end users; however, showing photos of multiple people engenders confusion and lowers informativeness. Also, as anticipated, viewing additional photos requires more ...


Which Variables Should I Log?, Zhongxin Liu, Xin Xia, David Lo, Zhenchang Xing, Ahmed E. Hassan, Shanping Li Sep 2019

Which Variables Should I Log?, Zhongxin Liu, Xin Xia, David Lo, Zhenchang Xing, Ahmed E. Hassan, Shanping Li

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Developers usually depend on inserting logging statements into the source code to collect system runtime information. Such logged information is valuable for software maintenance. A logging statement usually prints one or more variables to record vital system status. However, due to the lack of rigorous logging guidance and the requirement of domain-specific knowledge, it is not easy for developers to make proper decisions about which variables to log. To address this need, in this work, we propose an approach to recommend logging variables for developers during development by learning from existing logging statements. Different from other prediction tasks in software ...


Efficient Distributed Reachability Querying Of Massive Temporal Graphs, Tianming Zhang, Yunjun Gao, Chen Lu, Wei Guo, Shiliang Pu, Baihua Zheng, Christian S. Jensen Sep 2019

Efficient Distributed Reachability Querying Of Massive Temporal Graphs, Tianming Zhang, Yunjun Gao, Chen Lu, Wei Guo, Shiliang Pu, Baihua Zheng, Christian S. Jensen

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Reachability computation is a fundamental graph functionality with a wide range of applications. In spite of this, little work has as yet been done on efficient reachability queries over temporal graphs, which are used extensively to model time-varying networks, such as communication networks, social networks, and transportation schedule networks. Moreover, we are faced with increasingly large real-world temporal networks that may be distributed across multiple data centers. This state of affairs motivates the paper's study of efficient reachability queries on distributed temporal graphs. We propose an efficient index, called Temporal Vertex Labeling (TVL), which is a labeling scheme for ...


Optimizing Impression Counts For Outdoor Advertising, Yipeng Zhang, Yuchen Li, Zhifeng Bao, Songsong Mo, Ping Zhang Aug 2019

Optimizing Impression Counts For Outdoor Advertising, Yipeng Zhang, Yuchen Li, Zhifeng Bao, Songsong Mo, Ping Zhang

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

In this paper we propose and study the problem of optimizing theinfluence of outdoor advertising (ad) when impression counts aretaken into consideration. Given a database U of billboards, each ofwhich has a location and a non-uniform cost, a trajectory databaseT and a budget B, it aims to find a set of billboards that has themaximum influence under the budget. In line with the advertisingconsumer behavior studies, we adopt the logistic function to takeinto account the impression counts of an ad (placed at differentbillboards) to a user trajectory when defining the influence measurement. However, this poses two challenges: (1) our problemis ...


Coresets For Minimum Enclosing Balls Over Sliding Windows, Yanhao Wang, Yuchen Li, Kian-Lee Tan Aug 2019

Coresets For Minimum Enclosing Balls Over Sliding Windows, Yanhao Wang, Yuchen Li, Kian-Lee Tan

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Coresets are important tools to generate concise summaries of massive datasets for approximate analysis. A coreset is a small subset of points extracted from the original point set such that certain geometric properties are preserved with provable guarantees. This paper investigates the problem of maintaining a coreset to preserve the minimum enclosing ball (MEB) for a sliding window of points that are continuously updated in a data stream. Although the problem has been extensively studied in batch and append-only streaming settings, no efficient sliding-window solution is available yet. In this work, we first introduce an algorithm, called AOMEB, to build ...


Shoal: Large-Scale Hierarchical Taxonomy Via Graph-Based Query Coalition In E-Commerce, Zhao Li, Xia Chen, Xuming Pan, Pengcheng Zou, Yuchen Li, Guoxian Yu Aug 2019

Shoal: Large-Scale Hierarchical Taxonomy Via Graph-Based Query Coalition In E-Commerce, Zhao Li, Xia Chen, Xuming Pan, Pengcheng Zou, Yuchen Li, Guoxian Yu

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

E-commerce taxonomy plays an essential role in online retail business. Existing taxonomy of e-commerce platformsorganizes items into an ontology structure. However, theontology-driven approach is subject to costly manual maintenance and often does not capture user’s search intention,particularly when user searches by her personalized needsrather than a universal definition of the items. Observingthat search queries can effectively express user’s intention,we present a novel large-Scale Hierarchical taxOnomy viagrAph based query coaLition (SHOAL) to bridge the gapbetween item taxonomy and user search intention. SHOALorganizes hundreds of millions of items into a hierarchicaltopic structure. Each topic that consists of a ...


Do Grant Funding And Pro-Environmental Spillovers Influence Household Hazardous Waste Collection?, Kustini Lim-Wavde, Robert J Kauffman, Tin Seong Kam, Gregory S. Dawsond Jul 2019

Do Grant Funding And Pro-Environmental Spillovers Influence Household Hazardous Waste Collection?, Kustini Lim-Wavde, Robert J Kauffman, Tin Seong Kam, Gregory S. Dawsond

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Agency and state grant funding should be disseminated in ways so it will result in better management of household hazardous waste (HHW) and environmental sustainability. Since location seems to matter in HHW collection activities, it is important to consider pro-environmental spatial spillovers that occur, based on agency actions and waste collection behavior taking place in other locations. These may influence HHW-related practices in close-by regions. Using a county-level spatio-temporal dataset that consists of economic, demographic, and HHW data in California from 2004 to 2015, we evaluate the impact of HHW grants on HHW collection activities while considering pro-environmental spillovers. We ...


Gpu-Based Graph Traversal On Compressed Graphs, Mo Sha, Yuchen Li, Kian-Lee Tan Jul 2019

Gpu-Based Graph Traversal On Compressed Graphs, Mo Sha, Yuchen Li, Kian-Lee Tan

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Graph processing on GPUs received much attention in theindustry and the academia recently, as the hardware accelerator offers attractive potential for performance boost. However, the high-bandwidth device memory on GPUs has limited capacity that constrains the size of the graph to be loadedon chip. In this paper, we introduce GPU-based graph traversal on compressed graphs, so as to enable the processingof graphs having a larger size than the device memory. Designed towards GPU’s SIMT architecture, we propose twonovel parallel scheduling strategies Two-Phase Traversal andTask-Stealing to handle thread divergence and workload imbalance issues when decoding the compressed graph. Wefurther optimize ...


The Impact Of Changes Mislabeled By Szz On Just-In-Time Defect Prediction, Yuanrui Fan, Xin Xia, Daniel A. Costa, David Lo, Ahmed E. Hassan, Shanping Li Jul 2019

The Impact Of Changes Mislabeled By Szz On Just-In-Time Defect Prediction, Yuanrui Fan, Xin Xia, Daniel A. Costa, David Lo, Ahmed E. Hassan, Shanping Li

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Just-in-Time (JIT) defect prediction—a technique which aims to predict bugs at change level—has been paid more attention. JIT defect prediction leverages the SZZ approach to identify bug-introducing changes. Recently, researchers found that the performance of SZZ (including its variants) is impacted by a large amount of noise. SZZ may considerably mislabel changes that are used to train a JIT defect prediction model, and thus impact the prediction accuracy. In this paper, we investigate the impact of the mislabeled changes by different SZZ variants on the performance and interpretation of JIT defect prediction models. We analyze four SZZ variants ...


Metagraph-Based Learning On Heterogeneous Graphs, Yuan Fang, Wenqing Lin, Vincent W. Zheng, Min Wu, Jiaqi Shi, Kevin Chang, Xiao-Li Li Jun 2019

Metagraph-Based Learning On Heterogeneous Graphs, Yuan Fang, Wenqing Lin, Vincent W. Zheng, Min Wu, Jiaqi Shi, Kevin Chang, Xiao-Li Li

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Data in the form of graphs are prevalent, ranging from biological and social networks to citation graphs and the Web. Inparticular, most real-world graphs are heterogeneous, containing objects of multiple types, which present new opportunities for manyproblems on graphs. Consider a typical proximity search problem on graphs, which boils down to measuring the proximity between twogiven nodes. Most earlier studies on homogeneous or bipartite graphs only measure a generic form of proximity, without accounting fordifferent “semantic classes”—for instance, on a social network two users can be close for different reasons, such as being classmates orfamily members, which represent two ...


Adversarial Contract Design For Private Data Commercialization, Parinaz Naghizadeh, Arunesh Sinha Jun 2019

Adversarial Contract Design For Private Data Commercialization, Parinaz Naghizadeh, Arunesh Sinha

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

The proliferation of data collection and machine learning techniques has created an opportunity for commercialization of private data by data aggregators. In this paper, we study this data monetization problem as a mechanism design problem, specifically using a contract-theoretic approach. Our proposed adversarial contract design framework provides a fundamental extension to the classic contract theory set-up in order to account for the heterogeneity in honest buyers’ demands for data, as well as the presence of adversarial buyers who may purchase data to compromise its privacy. We propose the notion of Price of Adversary (PoAdv) to quantify the effects of adversarial ...


Worker Demographics And Earnings On Amazon Mechanical Turk: An Exploratory Analysis, Kotaro Hara, Kristy Milland, Benjamin V. Hanrahan, Chris Callison-Burch, Abigail Adams, Saiph Savage, Jeffrey P. Bigham May 2019

Worker Demographics And Earnings On Amazon Mechanical Turk: An Exploratory Analysis, Kotaro Hara, Kristy Milland, Benjamin V. Hanrahan, Chris Callison-Burch, Abigail Adams, Saiph Savage, Jeffrey P. Bigham

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Prior research reported that workers on Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) are underpaid, earning about $2/h. But the prior research did not investigate the difference in wage due to worker characteristics (e.g., country of residence). We present the first data-driven analysis on wage gap on AMT. Using work log data and demographic data collected via online survey, we analyse the gap in wage due to different factors. We show that there is indeed wage gap; for example, workers in the U.S. earn $3.01/h while those in India earn $1.41/h on average.


Emerging App Issue Identification From User Feedback: Experience On Wechat, Cuiyun Gao, Wujie Zheng, Yuetang Deng, David Lo, Jichuan Zeng, Michael R. Lyu, Irwin King May 2019

Emerging App Issue Identification From User Feedback: Experience On Wechat, Cuiyun Gao, Wujie Zheng, Yuetang Deng, David Lo, Jichuan Zeng, Michael R. Lyu, Irwin King

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

It is vital for popular mobile apps with large numbers of users to release updates with rich features while keeping stable user experience. Timely and accurately locating emerging app issues can greatly help developers to maintain and update apps. User feedback (i.e., user reviews) is a crucial channel between app developers and users, delivering a stream of information about bugs and features that concern users. Methods to identify emerging issues based on user feedback have been proposed in the literature, however, their applicability in industry has not been explored. We apply the recent method IDEA to WeChat, a popular ...


Incentivizing Collaboration In A Competition, Arunesh Sinha, Michael P. Wellman May 2019

Incentivizing Collaboration In A Competition, Arunesh Sinha, Michael P. Wellman

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Research and design competitions aim to promote innovation or creative production, which are often best achieved through collaboration. The nature of a competition, however, typically necessitates sorting by individual performance. This presents tradeoffs for the competition designer, between incentivizing global performance and distinguishing individual capability. We model this situation in terms of an abstract collaboration game, where individual effort also benefits neighboring agents. We propose a scoring mechanism called LSWM that rewards agents based on localized social welfare. We show that LSWM promotes global performance, in that social optima are equilibria of the mechanism. Moreover, we establish conditions under which ...


Interaction-Aware Arrangement For Event-Based Social Networks, Feifei Kou, Zimu Zhou, Hao Cheg, Junping Du, Yexuan Shi, Pan Xu Apr 2019

Interaction-Aware Arrangement For Event-Based Social Networks, Feifei Kou, Zimu Zhou, Hao Cheg, Junping Du, Yexuan Shi, Pan Xu

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

No abstract provided.


Exploring And Visualizing Household Electricity Consumption Patterns In Singapore: A Geospatial Analytics Approach, Yong Ying Tan, Tin Seong Kam Apr 2019

Exploring And Visualizing Household Electricity Consumption Patterns In Singapore: A Geospatial Analytics Approach, Yong Ying Tan, Tin Seong Kam

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Despite being a small country-state, electricity consumption in Singa-pore is said to be non-homogeneous, as exploratory data analysis showed that the distributions of electricity consumption differ across and within administrative boundaries and dwelling types. Local indicators of spatial association (LISA) were calculated for public housing postal codes using June 2016 data to discover local clusters of households based on electricity consumption patterns. A detailed walkthrough of the analytical process is outlined to describe the R packages and framework used in the R environment. The LISA results are visualized on three levels: country level, regional level and planning subzone level. At ...


Wiwear: Wearable Sensing Via Directional Wifi Energy Harvesting, Huy Vu Tran, Archan Misra, Jie Xiong, Rajesh Krishna Balan Mar 2019

Wiwear: Wearable Sensing Via Directional Wifi Energy Harvesting, Huy Vu Tran, Archan Misra, Jie Xiong, Rajesh Krishna Balan

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Energy harvesting, from a diverse set of modes such as light or motion, has been viewed as the key to developing batteryless sensing devices. In this paper, we develop the nascent idea of harvesting RF energy from WiFi transmissions, applying it to power a prototype wearable device that captures and transmits accelerometer sensor data. Our solution, WiWear, has two key innovations: 1) beamforming WiFi transmissions to significantly boost the energy that a receiver can harvest ~23 meters away, and 2) smart zero-energy, triggering of inertial sensing, that allows intelligent duty-cycled operation of devices whose transient power consumption far exceeds what ...


Ict: In-Field Calibration Transfer For Air Quality Sensor Deployments, Yun Cheng, Xiaoxi He, Zimu Zhou, Lothar Thiele Mar 2019

Ict: In-Field Calibration Transfer For Air Quality Sensor Deployments, Yun Cheng, Xiaoxi He, Zimu Zhou, Lothar Thiele

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Recent years have witnessed a growing interest in urban air pollution monitoring, where hundreds of low-cost air quality sensors are deployed city-wide. To guarantee data accuracy and consistency, these sensors need periodic calibration after deployment. Since access to ground truth references is often limited in large-scale deployments, it is difficult to conduct city-wide post-deployment sensor calibration. In this work we propose In-field Calibration Transfer (ICT), a calibration scheme that transfers the calibration parameters of source sensors (with access to references) to target sensors (without access to references). On observing that (i) the distributions of ground truth in both source and ...


Fc2: Cloud-Based Cluster Provisioning For Distributed Machine Learning, Nguyen Binh Duong Ta Feb 2019

Fc2: Cloud-Based Cluster Provisioning For Distributed Machine Learning, Nguyen Binh Duong Ta

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Training large, complex machine learning models such as deep neural networks with big data requires powerful computing clusters, which are costly to acquire, use and maintain. As a result, many machine learning researchers turn to cloud computing services for on-demand and elastic resource provisioning capabilities. Two issues have arisen from this trend: (1) if not configured properly, training models on cloud-based clusters could incur significant cost and time, and (2) many researchers in machine learning tend to focus more on model and algorithm development, so they may not have the time or skills to deal with system setup, resource selection ...