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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Interpretable Deep Neural Network For Cancer Survival Analysis By Integrating Genomic And Clinical Data, Jie Hao, Youngsoon Kim, Tejaswini Mallavarapu, Jung Hun Oh, Mingon Kang Dec 2019

Interpretable Deep Neural Network For Cancer Survival Analysis By Integrating Genomic And Clinical Data, Jie Hao, Youngsoon Kim, Tejaswini Mallavarapu, Jung Hun Oh, Mingon Kang

Computer Science Faculty Publications

Background: Understanding the complex biological mechanisms of cancer patient survival using genomic and clinical data is vital, not only to develop new treatments for patients, but also to improve survival prediction. However, highly nonlinear and high-dimension, low-sample size (HDLSS) data cause computational challenges to applying conventional survival analysis. Results: We propose a novel biologically interpretable pathway-based sparse deep neural network, named Cox-PASNet, which integrates high-dimensional gene expression data and clinical data on a simple neural network architecture for survival analysis. Cox-PASNet is biologically interpretable where nodes in the neural network correspond to biological genes and pathways, while capturing the nonlinear ...


Influence Spread In Two-Layer Interdependent Networks: Designed Single-Layer Or Random Two-Layer Initial Spreaders?, Hana Khamfroush, Nathaniel Hudson, Samuel Iloo, Mahshid R. Naeini Jun 2019

Influence Spread In Two-Layer Interdependent Networks: Designed Single-Layer Or Random Two-Layer Initial Spreaders?, Hana Khamfroush, Nathaniel Hudson, Samuel Iloo, Mahshid R. Naeini

Computer Science Faculty Publications

Influence spread in multi-layer interdependent networks (M-IDN) has been studied in the last few years; however, prior works mostly focused on the spread that is initiated in a single layer of an M-IDN. In real world scenarios, influence spread can happen concurrently among many or all components making up the topology of an M-IDN. This paper investigates the effectiveness of different influence spread strategies in M-IDNs by providing a comprehensive analysis of the time evolution of influence propagation given different initial spreader strategies. For this study we consider a two-layer interdependent network and a general probabilistic threshold influence spread model ...


Impact Of Http Cookie Violations In Web Archives, Sawood Alam, Michele C. Weigle, Michael L. Nelson Jun 2019

Impact Of Http Cookie Violations In Web Archives, Sawood Alam, Michele C. Weigle, Michael L. Nelson

Computer Science Faculty Publications

Certain HTTP Cookies on certain sites can be a source of content bias in archival crawls. Accommodating Cookies at crawl time, but not utilizing them at replay time may cause cookie violations, resulting in defaced composite mementos that never existed on the live web. To address these issues, we propose that crawlers store Cookies with short expiration time and archival replay systems account for values in the Vary header along with URIs.


A Generative Human-Robot Motion Retargeting Approach Using A Single Rgbd Sensor, Sen Wang, Xinxin Zuo, Runxiao Wang, Ruigang Yang Apr 2019

A Generative Human-Robot Motion Retargeting Approach Using A Single Rgbd Sensor, Sen Wang, Xinxin Zuo, Runxiao Wang, Ruigang Yang

Computer Science Faculty Publications

The goal of human-robot motion retargeting is to let a robot follow the movements performed by a human subject. Typically in previous approaches, the human poses are precomputed from a human pose tracking system, after which the explicit joint mapping strategies are specified to apply the estimated poses to a target robot. However, there is not any generic mapping strategy that we can use to map the human joint to robots with different kinds of configurations. In this paper, we present a novel motion retargeting approach that combines the human pose estimation and the motion retargeting procedure in a unified ...


Ieee Access Special Section Editorial: Wirelessly Powered Networks, And Technologies, Theofanis P. Raptis, Nuno B. Carvalho, Diego Masotti, Lei Shu, Cong Wang, Yuanyuan Yang Jan 2019

Ieee Access Special Section Editorial: Wirelessly Powered Networks, And Technologies, Theofanis P. Raptis, Nuno B. Carvalho, Diego Masotti, Lei Shu, Cong Wang, Yuanyuan Yang

Computer Science Faculty Publications

Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) is, by definition, a process that occurs in any system where electrical energy is transmitted from a power source to a load without the connection of electrical conductors. WPT is the driving technology that will enable the next stage in the current consumer electronics revolution, including battery-less sensors, passive RF identification (RFID), passive wireless sensors, the Internet of Things and 5G, and machine-to-machine solutions. WPT-enabled devices can be powered by harvesting energy from the surroundings, including electromagnetic (EM) energy, leading to a new communication networks paradigm, the Wirelessly Powered Networks.


Sec-Lib: Protecting Scholarly Digital Libraries From Infected Papers Using Active Machine Learning Framework, Nir Nissim, Aviad Cohen, Jian Wu, Andrea Lanzi, Lior Rokach, Yuval Elovici, Lee Giles Jan 2019

Sec-Lib: Protecting Scholarly Digital Libraries From Infected Papers Using Active Machine Learning Framework, Nir Nissim, Aviad Cohen, Jian Wu, Andrea Lanzi, Lior Rokach, Yuval Elovici, Lee Giles

Computer Science Faculty Publications

Researchers from academia and the corporate-sector rely on scholarly digital libraries to access articles. Attackers take advantage of innocent users who consider the articles' files safe and thus open PDF-files with little concern. In addition, researchers consider scholarly libraries a reliable, trusted, and untainted corpus of papers. For these reasons, scholarly digital libraries are an attractive-target and inadvertently support the proliferation of cyber-attacks launched via malicious PDF-files. In this study, we present related vulnerabilities and malware distribution approaches that exploit the vulnerabilities of scholarly digital libraries. We evaluated over two-million scholarly papers in the CiteSeerX library and found the library ...