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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Localized Dielectric Loss Heating In Dielectrophoresis Devices, Tae Joon Kwak, Imtiaz Hossen, Rashid Bashir, Woo-Jin Chang, Chung-Hoon Lee Dec 2019

Localized Dielectric Loss Heating In Dielectrophoresis Devices, Tae Joon Kwak, Imtiaz Hossen, Rashid Bashir, Woo-Jin Chang, Chung-Hoon Lee

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Temperature increases during dielectrophoresis (DEP) can affect the response of biological entities, and ignoring the effect can result in misleading analysis. The heating mechanism of a DEP device is typically considered to be the result of Joule heating and is overlooked without an appropriate analysis. Our experiment and analysis indicate that the heating mechanism is due to the dielectric loss (Debye relaxation). A temperature increase between interdigitated electrodes (IDEs) has been measured with an integrated micro temperature sensor between IDEs to be as high as 70 °C at 1.5 MHz with a 30 Vpp applied voltage to our ...


Comparative Study Of Winding Configurations Of A Five-Phase Flux-Switching Pm Machine, Hao Chen, Xiangdong Liu, Ayman M. El-Refaie, Jing Zhao, Nabeel Demerdash, Jiangbiao He Dec 2019

Comparative Study Of Winding Configurations Of A Five-Phase Flux-Switching Pm Machine, Hao Chen, Xiangdong Liu, Ayman M. El-Refaie, Jing Zhao, Nabeel Demerdash, Jiangbiao He

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

This paper introduces a general method for determination of the most suitable winding configurations for five-phase flux-switching permanent magnet (FSPM) machines, associated with feasible stator/rotor-pole combinations. Consequently, the effect of winding configurations on the performance of a five-phase outer-rotor FSPM machine is thoroughly investigated, including non-overlapping concentrated windings (single-layer, double-layer, and multi-layer) as well as distributed winding. The electromagnetic characteristics in the low-speed region, the flux-weakening capability in the high-speed region, and the fault-tolerant capability under faulty situations are evaluated and compared in detail. This work shows that compared with the conventional single-layer or double-layer concentrated windings, the FSPM ...


Second-Order Fault Tolerant Extended Kalman Filter For Discrete Time Nonlinear Systems, Xin Wang, Edwin E. Yaz Dec 2019

Second-Order Fault Tolerant Extended Kalman Filter For Discrete Time Nonlinear Systems, Xin Wang, Edwin E. Yaz

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

As missing sensor data may severely degrade the overall system performance and stability, reliable state estimation is of great importance in modern data-intensive control, computing, and power systems applications. Aiming at providing a more robust and resilient state estimation technique, this paper presents a novel second-order fault-tolerant extended Kalman filter estimation framework for discrete-time stochastic nonlinear systems under sensor failures, bounded observer-gain perturbation, extraneous noise, and external disturbances condition. The failure mechanism of multiple sensors is assumed to be independent of each other with various malfunction rates. The proposed approach is a locally unbiased, minimum estimation error covariance based nonlinear ...


Comparison And Design Optimization Of A Five-Phase Flux-Switching Pm Machine For In-Wheel Traction Applications, Hao Chen, Xiangdong Liu, Nabeel Demerdash, Ayman M. El-Refaie, Jing Zhao, Jiangbiao He Dec 2019

Comparison And Design Optimization Of A Five-Phase Flux-Switching Pm Machine For In-Wheel Traction Applications, Hao Chen, Xiangdong Liu, Nabeel Demerdash, Ayman M. El-Refaie, Jing Zhao, Jiangbiao He

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

A comparative study of five-phase outer-rotor flux-switching permanent magnet (FSPM) machines with different topologies for in-wheel traction applications is presented in this paper. Those topologies include double-layer winding, single-layer winding, C-core, and E-core configurations. The electromagnetic performance in the low-speed region, the flux-weakening capability in the high-speed region, and the fault-tolerance capability are all investigated in detail. The results indicate that the E-core FSPM machine has performance advantages. Furthermore, two kinds of E-core FSPM machines with different stator and rotor pole combinations are optimized, respectively. In order to reduce the computational burden during the large-scale optimization process, a mathematical technique ...


High-Sensitivity Magnetic Sensors Based On Gmi Microwire-Saw Idt Design, Akila Khatun, Florian Bender, Fabien Josse Phd, Arnold Kweku Mensah-Brown, R. Dyche Anderson Oct 2019

High-Sensitivity Magnetic Sensors Based On Gmi Microwire-Saw Idt Design, Akila Khatun, Florian Bender, Fabien Josse Phd, Arnold Kweku Mensah-Brown, R. Dyche Anderson

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

This work presents a design approach for a highly sensitive, miniaturized magnetic sensor. The design makes use of GMI microwires and a multi-electrode SAW IDT. The use of SAW IDTs allows for the magnetic effect of the GMI microwire to be measured through the transduction process. This approach permits simultaneous measurement at different frequencies of operation, enabling highly sensitive measurement over a wide range of magnetic fields. This technique may find application in magnetic sensing for non-invasive battery SOC measurement.


Vibration Alert Bracelet For Notification Of The Visually And Hearing Impaired, Kelsey Conley, Alex Foyer, Patrick Hara, Tom Janik, Jason Reichard, Jon D'Souza, Chandana Tamma, Cristinel Ababei Oct 2019

Vibration Alert Bracelet For Notification Of The Visually And Hearing Impaired, Kelsey Conley, Alex Foyer, Patrick Hara, Tom Janik, Jason Reichard, Jon D'Souza, Chandana Tamma, Cristinel Ababei

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

This paper presents the prototype of an electronic vibration bracelet designed to help the visually and hearing impaired to receive and send emergency alerts. The bracelet has two basic functions. The first function is to receive a wireless signal and respond with a vibration to alert the user. The second function is implemented by pushing one button of the bracelet to send an emergency signal. We report testing on a prototype system formed by a mobile application and two bracelets. The bracelets and the application form a complete system intended to be used in retirement apartment communities. However, the system ...


Exact Analytical Formula For The Excess Noise Factor For Mixed Carrier Injection Avalanche Photodiodes, Md. Mottaleb Hossain, John P.R. David, Majeed M. Hayat Jul 2019

Exact Analytical Formula For The Excess Noise Factor For Mixed Carrier Injection Avalanche Photodiodes, Md. Mottaleb Hossain, John P.R. David, Majeed M. Hayat

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

The well-known analytical formula for the excess noise factor associated with avalanche photodiodes (APDs), developed by R. J. McIntyre in 1966, assumes the injection of either an electron or a hole at the edge of the APD's avalanche region. This formula is based on the statistics of the probabilities of carriers gaining and losing energy subject to high electric fields. However, this analytical formula, is not applicable in cases when photons are absorbed inside the avalanche region (even though the physics of the high field transport remains the same), and its use may severely underestimate or overestimate the actual ...


High-Torque-Density Low-Cost Magnetic Gear Utilizing Hybrid Magnets And Advanced Materials, Ali Hussain Al-Qarni, Fan Wu, Ayman M. El-Refaie May 2019

High-Torque-Density Low-Cost Magnetic Gear Utilizing Hybrid Magnets And Advanced Materials, Ali Hussain Al-Qarni, Fan Wu, Ayman M. El-Refaie

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Two major challenges of existing high-performance magnetic gears are: (i) High content of rare-earth permanent magnets which results in high cost as well as price fluctuation; (ii) Conflict between mechanical and electromagnetic performances, especially in the design of highspeed rotor. A magnetic gear using a blend of magnet types, i.e NdFeB, or Dy-free NdFeB and ferrites, is proposed in this paper. The goal is to bring down the cost while retaining comparable torque-transducing performance to a baseline magnetic gear only using rare-earth NdFeB magnets. A variety of topologies based on different combinations of magnet types and geometric shapes have ...


Computationally Efficient Optimization Of A Five-Phase Flux-Switching Pm Machine Under Different Operating Conditions, Hao Chen, Xiangdong Liu, Nabeel Demerdash, Ayman M. El-Refaie, Zhen Chen, Jiangbiao He May 2019

Computationally Efficient Optimization Of A Five-Phase Flux-Switching Pm Machine Under Different Operating Conditions, Hao Chen, Xiangdong Liu, Nabeel Demerdash, Ayman M. El-Refaie, Zhen Chen, Jiangbiao He

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

This paper investigates the comparative design optimizations of a five-phase outer-rotor flux-switching permanent magnet (FSPM) machine for in-wheel traction applications. To improve the comprehensive performance of the motor, two kinds of large-scale design optimizations under different operating conditions are performed and compared, including the traditional optimization performed at the rated operating point and the optimization targeting the whole driving cycles. Three driving cycles are taken into account, namely, the urban dynamometer driving schedule (UDDS), the highway fuel economy driving schedule (HWFET), and the combined UDDS/HWFET, representing the city, highway, and combined city/highway driving, respectively. Meanwhile, the computationally efficient ...


Towards Fully Additively-Manufactured Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines: Opportunities And Challenges, Fan Wu, Ayman M. El-Refaie May 2019

Towards Fully Additively-Manufactured Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines: Opportunities And Challenges, Fan Wu, Ayman M. El-Refaie

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

With the growing interest in electrification and as hybrid and pure electric powertrains are adopted in more applications, electrical machine design is facing challenges in terms of meeting very demanding performance metrics for example high specific power, harsh environments, etc. This provides clear motivation to explore the impact of advanced materials and manufacturing on the performance of electrical machines. This paper provides an overview of additive manufacturing (AM) approaches that can be used for constructing permanent magnet (PM) machines, with a specific focus on additively-manufactured iron core, winding, insulation, PM as well as cooling systems. Since there has only been ...


Survey Of Insulation Systems In Electrical Machines, Rasul Hemmati, Fan Wu, Ayman M. El-Refaie May 2019

Survey Of Insulation Systems In Electrical Machines, Rasul Hemmati, Fan Wu, Ayman M. El-Refaie

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Insulating materials and insulation systems design have been gaining more attentions as more electrical machines tend to operate in harsher environments for various applications. Harsh environments include high temperature, humidity, erosion, low air pressure, etc. This paper discusses recent advances in insulation systems for electrical machines. Insulation tests as well as test standards that have been used to evaluate insulation systems and detect insulation failures will be discussed. Insulating materials used for a wide range of industrial applications such as wind turbine generators, aerospace hybrid/electric powertrain, and hydro generators have been summarized. For the emerging high-altitude, highvoltage aerospace applications ...


A Survey Of Prediction And Classification Techniques In Multicore Processor Systems, Cristinel Ababei, Milad Ghorbani Moghaddam May 2019

A Survey Of Prediction And Classification Techniques In Multicore Processor Systems, Cristinel Ababei, Milad Ghorbani Moghaddam

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

In multicore processor systems, being able to accurately predict the future provides new optimization opportunities, which otherwise could not be exploited. For example, an oracle able to predict a certain application's behavior running on a smart phone could direct the power manager to switch to appropriate dynamic voltage and frequency scaling modes that would guarantee minimum levels of desired performance while saving energy consumption and thereby prolonging battery life. Using predictions enables systems to become proactive rather than continue to operate in a reactive manner. This prediction-based proactive approach has become increasingly popular in the design and optimization of ...


Metal-Insulator Transition (Mit) Materials For Biomedical Applications, Mohiuddin Munna, Protap Mahanta, Ronald A. Coutu Jr. Apr 2019

Metal-Insulator Transition (Mit) Materials For Biomedical Applications, Mohiuddin Munna, Protap Mahanta, Ronald A. Coutu Jr.

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Transitional metal oxides get considerable interest in electronics and other engineering applications over few decades. These materials show several orders of magnitude metal-insulator transition (MIT) triggered by external stimuli. Bio-sensing using Vanadium dioxide (VO2), a MIT material is largely unexplored. In this short article, we investigate the VO2 based thermal sensor performance for measuring the biomolecule concentration. Active sensing layer is chromium and niobium co-doped VO2 as it shows 11.9%/°C temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) with practically no thermal hysteresis. Our study demonstrated that VO2 based microsensors can be used to measure the biomolecule ...


Nematic Liquid Crystal Composite Materials For Dc And Rf Switching, Mohiuddin Munna, Farhana Anwar, Ronald A. Coutu Jr. Apr 2019

Nematic Liquid Crystal Composite Materials For Dc And Rf Switching, Mohiuddin Munna, Farhana Anwar, Ronald A. Coutu Jr.

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Liquid Crystals (LCs) are widely used in display devices, electro-optic modulators, and optical switches. A field-induced electrical conductivity modulation in pure liquid crystals is very low which makes it less preferable for direct current (DC) and radio-frequency (RF) switching applications. According to the literature, a conductivity enhancement is possible by nanoparticle doping. Considering this aspect, we reviewed published works focused on an electric field-induced conductivity modulation in carbon nanotube-doped liquid crystal composites (LC-CNT composites). A two to four order of magnitude switching in electrical conductivity is observed by several groups. Both in-plane and out-of-plane device configurations are used. In plane ...


Testing Photovoltaic Pavers For Roadway Applications, Ronald A. Coutu Jr., David Newman, James Crovetti, Ashish Kumar Mishra, Mohiuddin Munna, Allyssa Delbridge-Ramos, Julie Brusaw, Scott Brusaw Mar 2019

Testing Photovoltaic Pavers For Roadway Applications, Ronald A. Coutu Jr., David Newman, James Crovetti, Ashish Kumar Mishra, Mohiuddin Munna, Allyssa Delbridge-Ramos, Julie Brusaw, Scott Brusaw

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Concrete and asphalt are the primary materials used to construct roadways for motor vehicles, bike paths for pedestrians and bicyclists, and runways for aircraft. Solar Roadways®, Inc. (SR) in Sandpoint, ID, proposed using robust, Solar Road Panels (SRPs) as an alternative roadway material due to the potential for creating a modular, multi-functional infrastructure product with cost-savings, user-safety, power-generation, and a better alternative in terms of environmental sustainability when compared to contemporary pavement materials. Typical roadway construction materials, on average, need to be replaced every 10-15 years while also requiring regular annual maintenance to maintain proper safety standards. SR’s novel ...


Statistical Algorithm For Nonuniformity Correction In Focal-Plane Arrays, Majeed M. Hayat, Sergio N. Torres, Ernest Armstrong, Stephen C. Cain, Brian Yasuda Mar 2019

Statistical Algorithm For Nonuniformity Correction In Focal-Plane Arrays, Majeed M. Hayat, Sergio N. Torres, Ernest Armstrong, Stephen C. Cain, Brian Yasuda

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

A statistical algorithm has been developed to compensate for the fixed-pattern noise associated with spatial nonuniformity and temporal drift in the response of focal-plane array infrared imaging systems. The algorithm uses initial scene data to generate initial estimates of the gain, the offset, and the variance of the additive electronic noise of each detector element. The algorithm then updates these parameters by use of subsequent frames and uses the updated parameters to restore the true image by use of a least-mean-square error finite-impulse-response filter. The algorithm is applied to infrared data, and the restored images compare favorably with those restored ...


Computationally Efficient Strand Eddy Current Loss Calculation In Electric Machines, Alireza Fatemi, Dan M. Ionel, Nabeel Demerdash, Dave A. Staton, Rafal Wrobel, Yew Chuan Chong Mar 2019

Computationally Efficient Strand Eddy Current Loss Calculation In Electric Machines, Alireza Fatemi, Dan M. Ionel, Nabeel Demerdash, Dave A. Staton, Rafal Wrobel, Yew Chuan Chong

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

A fast finite element (FE) based method for the calculation of eddy current losses in the stator windings of randomly wound electric machines is presented in this paper. The method is particularly suitable for implementation in large-scale design optimization algorithms where a qualitative characterization of such losses at higher speeds is most beneficial for identification of the design solutions that exhibit the lowest overall losses including the ac losses in the stator windings. Unlike the common practice of assuming a constant slot fill factor s f for all the design variations, the maximum s f in the developed method is ...


Freelabel: A Publicly Available Annotation Tool Based On Freehand Traces, Philipe A. Dias, Zhou Shen, Amy Tabb, Henry P. Medeiros Mar 2019

Freelabel: A Publicly Available Annotation Tool Based On Freehand Traces, Philipe A. Dias, Zhou Shen, Amy Tabb, Henry P. Medeiros

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Large-scale annotation of image segmentation datasets is often prohibitively expensive, as it usually requires a huge number of worker hours to obtain high-quality results. Abundant and reliable data has been, however, crucial for the advances on image understanding tasks recently achieved by deep learning models. In this paper, we introduce FreeLabel, an intuitive open-source web interface that allows users to obtain high-quality segmentation masks with just a few freehand scribbles, in a matter of seconds. The efficacy of FreeLabel is quantitatively demonstrated by experimental results on the PASCAL dataset as well as on a dataset from the agricultural domain. Designed ...


Hybrid Field Oriented And Direct Torque Control For Sensorless Bldc Motors Used In Aerial Drones, Kellen Carey, Nathan M. Zimmerman, Cristinel Ababei Mar 2019

Hybrid Field Oriented And Direct Torque Control For Sensorless Bldc Motors Used In Aerial Drones, Kellen Carey, Nathan M. Zimmerman, Cristinel Ababei

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

In this study, a sensorless hybrid control scheme for brushless direct current (BLDC) motors for use in multirotor aerial vehicles is introduced. In such applications, the control scheme must satisfy high-performance demands for a wide range of rotor speeds and must be robust to motor parameter uncertainties and measurement noise. The proposed controller combines field-oriented control (FOC) and direct torque control (DTC) techniques to take benefit of the advantages offered by each of these techniques individually. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme over a wide range of rotor speeds as well as good robustness against parameter ...


Investigation Of Fault-Tolerant Capabilities In An Advanced Three-Level Active T-Type Converter, Ramin Katebi, Jiangbiao He, Nathan Weise Mar 2019

Investigation Of Fault-Tolerant Capabilities In An Advanced Three-Level Active T-Type Converter, Ramin Katebi, Jiangbiao He, Nathan Weise

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

A novel fault-tolerant three-level power converter topology, named advanced three-level active T-Type (A3L-ATT) converter, is introduced to increase the reliability of multilevel power converters used in safety-critical applications. This new fault-tolerant multilevel power converter is derived from the conventional T-Type converter topology. The topology has significantly improved the fault-tolerant capability under any open circuit or certain short-circuit faults in the semiconductor devices. In addition, under healthy condition, the redundant phase leg can be utilized to share overload current with other main legs, which enhances the overload capability of the converter. The conduction losses in the original outer devices ...


High Specific Power Electrical Machines: A System Perspective, Ayman M. El-Refaie, Mohamed Osama Mar 2019

High Specific Power Electrical Machines: A System Perspective, Ayman M. El-Refaie, Mohamed Osama

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

There has been a growing need for high specific power electrical machines for a wide range of applications. These include hybrid/electric traction applications, aerospace applications and Oil and Gas applications. A lot of work has been done to accomplish significantly higher specific power electrical machines especially for aerospace applications. Several machine topologies as well as thermal management schemes have been proposed. Even though there has been a few publications that provided an overview of high-speed and high specific power electrical machines [1-3], the goal of this paper is to provide a more comprehensive review of high specific power electrical ...


A Bidirectional Soft-Switched Dab-Based Single-Stage Three-Phase Ac–Dc Converter For V2g Application, Dibaker Das, Nathan Weise, Kaushik Basu, Rohit Baranwal, Ned Mohan Mar 2019

A Bidirectional Soft-Switched Dab-Based Single-Stage Three-Phase Ac–Dc Converter For V2g Application, Dibaker Das, Nathan Weise, Kaushik Basu, Rohit Baranwal, Ned Mohan

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

In vehicle-to-grid applications, the battery charger of the electric vehicle (EV) needs to have a bidirectional power flow capability. Galvanic isolation is necessary for safety. An ac-dc bidirectional power converter with high-frequency isolation results in high power density, a key requirement for an on-board charger of an EV. Dual-active-bridge (DAB) converters are preferred in medium power and high voltage isolated dc-dc converters due to high power density and better efficiency. This paper presents a DAB-based three-phase ac-dc isolated converter with a novel modulation strategy that results in: 1) single-stage power conversion with no electrolytic capacitor, improving the reliability and power ...


Permanent Magnet Vernier Machine: A Review, Fan Wu, Ayman M. El-Refaie Feb 2019

Permanent Magnet Vernier Machine: A Review, Fan Wu, Ayman M. El-Refaie

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Permanent magnet vernier machines (PMVMs) gained a lot of interest over the past couple of decades. This is mainly due to their high torque density enabled by the magnetic gearing effect. This study will provide a thorough review of recent advances in PMVMs. This review will cover the principle of operation and nature of magnetic gearing in PMVMs, and a better understanding of novel PMVM topologies using different winding configuration as well as different modulation poles and rotor structures. Detailed discussions on the choice of gear ratio, slot-pole combinations, design optimisation and role of advanced materials in PMVMs will be ...


Novel Test Fixture For Characterizing Mems Switch Microcontact Reliability And Performance, Protap Mahanta, Farhana Anwar, Ronald A. Coutu Jr. Jan 2019

Novel Test Fixture For Characterizing Mems Switch Microcontact Reliability And Performance, Protap Mahanta, Farhana Anwar, Ronald A. Coutu Jr.

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

In microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) switches, the microcontact is crucial in determining reliability and performance. In the past, actual MEMS devices and atomic force microscopes (AFM)/scanning probe microscopes (SPM)/nanoindentation-based test fixtures have been used to collect relevant microcontact data. In this work, we designed a unique microcontact support structure for improved post-mortem analysis. The effects of contact closure timing on various switching conditions (e.g., cold-switching and hot-switching) was investigated with respect to the test signal. Mechanical contact closing time was found to be approximately 1 us for the contact force ranging from 10–900 μN. On the other ...


Direct-To-Patient Survey For Diagnosis Of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo, Heidi Richburg, Richard J. Povinelli, David Friedland Jan 2019

Direct-To-Patient Survey For Diagnosis Of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo, Heidi Richburg, Richard J. Povinelli, David Friedland

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Given the high incidence of dizziness and its frequent misdiagnosis, we aim to create a clinical support system to classify the presence or absence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo with high accuracy and specificity. This paper describes a three-phase study currently underway for classification of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, which includes diagnosis by a specialist in a clinical setting. Patient background information is collected by a survey on an Android tablet and machine learning techniques are applied for classification. Decision trees and wrappers are employed for their ability to provide information about the question set. One goal of the study ...


Sdn Testbed For Evaluation Of Large Exo-Atmospheric Emp Attacks, Diogo Oliveira, Nasir Ghani, Majeed M. Hayat, Jorge Crichigno, Elias Bou-Harb Jan 2019

Sdn Testbed For Evaluation Of Large Exo-Atmospheric Emp Attacks, Diogo Oliveira, Nasir Ghani, Majeed M. Hayat, Jorge Crichigno, Elias Bou-Harb

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Large-scale nuclear electromagnetic pulse (EMP) attacks and natural disasters can cause extensive network failures across wide geographic regions. Although operational networks are designed to handle most single or dual faults, recent efforts have also focused on more capable multi-failure disaster recovery schemes. Concurrently, advances in software-defined networking (SDN) technologies have delivered highly-adaptable frameworks for implementing new and improved service provisioning and recovery paradigms in real-world settings. Hence this study leverages these new innovations to develop a robust disaster recovery (counter-EMP) framework for large backbone networks. Detailed findings from an experimental testbed study are also presented.


Microscale Direct Measurement Of Localized Photothermal Heating In Tissue-Mimetic Hydrogels, Benyamin Davaji, James E. Richie, Chung-Hoon Lee Jan 2019

Microscale Direct Measurement Of Localized Photothermal Heating In Tissue-Mimetic Hydrogels, Benyamin Davaji, James E. Richie, Chung-Hoon Lee

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Photothermal hyperthermia is proven to be an effective diagnostic tool for cancer therapy. The efficacy of this method directly relies on understanding the localization of the photothermal effect in the targeted region. Realizing the safe and effective concentration of nano-particles and the irradiation intensity and time requires spatiotemporal temperature monitoring during and after laser irradiation. Due to uniformities of the nanoparticle distribution and the complexities of the microenvironment, a direct temperature measurement in micro-scale is crucial for achieving precise thermal dose control. In this study, a 50 nm thin film nickel resistive temperature sensor was fabricated on a 300 nm ...


Age Grading An. Gambiae And An. Arabiensis Using Near Infrared Spectra And Artificial Neural Networks, Masabho Peter Milali, Maggy T. Sikulu-Lord, Samson S. Kiware, Floyd E. Dowell, George F. Corliss, Richard J. Povinelli Jan 2019

Age Grading An. Gambiae And An. Arabiensis Using Near Infrared Spectra And Artificial Neural Networks, Masabho Peter Milali, Maggy T. Sikulu-Lord, Samson S. Kiware, Floyd E. Dowell, George F. Corliss, Richard J. Povinelli

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Background

Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is currently complementing techniques to age-grade mosquitoes. NIRS classifies lab-reared and semi-field raised mosquitoes into < or ≥ 7 days old with an average accuracy of 80%, achieved by training a regression model using partial least squares (PLS) and interpreted as a binary classifier.

Methods and findings

We explore whether using an artificial neural network (ANN) analysis instead of PLS regression improves the current accuracy of NIRS models for age-grading malaria transmitting mosquitoes. We also explore if directly training a binary classifier instead of training a regression model and interpreting it as a binary classifier improves the accuracy. A total of 786 and 870 NIR spectra collected from laboratory reared An. gambiae and An. arabiensis, respectively, were used and pre-processed according to previously published ...