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Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Pt Nanoparticles Decorated Heterostructured G-C3n4/Bi2moo6 Microplates With Highly Enhanced Photocatalytic Activities Under Visible Light, Z. Jia, F. Lyu, Laichang Zhang, S. Zeng, Shunxing Liang, Y. Y. Li, J. Lu May 2019

Pt Nanoparticles Decorated Heterostructured G-C3n4/Bi2moo6 Microplates With Highly Enhanced Photocatalytic Activities Under Visible Light, Z. Jia, F. Lyu, Laichang Zhang, S. Zeng, Shunxing Liang, Y. Y. Li, J. Lu

ECU Publications Post 2013

Exploring an efficient and photostable heterostructured photocatalyst is a pivotal scientific topic for worldwide energy and environmental concerns. Herein, we reported that Pt decorated g-C3N4/Bi2MoO6 heterostructured composites with enhanced photocatalytic performance under visible light were simply synthesized by one-step hydrothermal method for methylene blue (MB) dye degradation. Results revealed that the synthetic Pt decorated g-C3N4/Bi2MoO6 composites with Bi2MoO6 contents of 20 wt.% (Pt@CN/20%BMO) presented the highest photocatalytic activity, exhibiting 7 and 18 times higher reactivity than the pure g-C3 ...


Application Of The Clayff And The Dreiding Force Fields For Modeling Of Alkylated Quartz Surfaces, Aleksandr Abramov, Stefan Iglauer Apr 2019

Application Of The Clayff And The Dreiding Force Fields For Modeling Of Alkylated Quartz Surfaces, Aleksandr Abramov, Stefan Iglauer

ECU Publications Post 2013

To extend applicability and to overcome limitations of combining rules for nonbond potential parameters, in this study, CLAYFF and DREIDING force fields are coupled at the level of atomic site charges to model quartz surfaces with chemisorpt hydrocarbons. Density functional theory and Bader charge analysis are applied to calculate charges of atoms of the OC bond connecting a quartz crystal and an alkyl group. The study demonstrates that the hydrogen atom of the quartz surface hydroxyl group can be removed and its charge can be redistributed among the oxygen and carbon atoms of the OC bond in a manner consistent ...


Wettability Of Fully Hydroxylated And Alkylated (001) Α-Quartz Surface In Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere, Aleksandr Abramov, Alireza Keshavarz, Stefan Iglauer Mar 2019

Wettability Of Fully Hydroxylated And Alkylated (001) Α-Quartz Surface In Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere, Aleksandr Abramov, Alireza Keshavarz, Stefan Iglauer

ECU Publications Post 2013

Wettability of alkylated quartz surfaces is of primary importance in several technological applications, including the development of oil and gas reservoirs and carbon geo-sequestration. It is intuitively understood and experimentally confirmed that hydroxylated quartz surfaces are hydrophilic. By gradually saturating a hydroxylated (001) α-quartz surface with pentyl groups, we show using molecular dynamics simulations that the surface can also exhibit extreme hydrophobicity. Within a range of surface pentyl group density from 0.29 to 3.18/nm2, the contact angle of a water droplet under 10 MPa pressure of carbon dioxide at 300 K changes from 10–20 to ...


Thermal Performance Of An Evacuated Tube Heat Pipe Solar Water Heating System In Cold Season, Abdellah Sharifian, Mehdi Khiadani, Ataollah Nosrati Jan 2019

Thermal Performance Of An Evacuated Tube Heat Pipe Solar Water Heating System In Cold Season, Abdellah Sharifian, Mehdi Khiadani, Ataollah Nosrati

ECU Publications Post 2013

This study evaluates the performance of a heat pipe solar water heating system to meet a real residential hot water consumption pattern theoretically and experimentally under non-ideal climatic conditions during a cold day in Perth, Western Australia. A mathematical model was developed and used to calculate the optimum number of glass tubes of the heat pipe solar collector. Based on the obtained data, an experimental rig with 25 glass tubes was designed, built, and tested as the temperature changes after 25 tubes reached the insignificant value of 0.6%. The results showed that hot water extraction had significant impact on ...


Optimization Of Well Pad Design And Drilling - Well Clustering, Aleksandr Abramov Jan 2019

Optimization Of Well Pad Design And Drilling - Well Clustering, Aleksandr Abramov

ECU Publications Post 2013

A model accounting for more than 30 parameters of drilling projects, and a computer program to enumerate groupings of the wells of a pad with consequent calculations of technical-economic characteristics, are developed and tested. Seven drilling scenarios for a 24-well pad with different starting oil flow rates for the wells are studied. Optimal well groupings in terms of Net Present Value (NPV) for three discount rates and five oil production decline rates have been found. The results show that: NPV-maximizing well pad designs with unequal (varying) numbers of wells in groups (clusters) may require only slight alterations of existing ...


Beta-Type Ti-Nb-Zr-Cr Alloys With Large Plasticity And Significant Strain Hardening, Syed F. Jawed, Chirag D. Rabadia, Y. J. Liu, L. Q. Wang, Y. H. Li, X. H. Zang, Laichang C. Zhang Jan 2019

Beta-Type Ti-Nb-Zr-Cr Alloys With Large Plasticity And Significant Strain Hardening, Syed F. Jawed, Chirag D. Rabadia, Y. J. Liu, L. Q. Wang, Y. H. Li, X. H. Zang, Laichang C. Zhang

ECU Publications Post 2013

A series of Ti-25Nb-8Zr-xCr (x = 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 wt%) alloys were designed based on DV-Xα cluster method and e=a-Δr diagram with an anticipation to obtain high plasticity and significant strain hardening. The designed alloys were produced through cold crucible levitation melting technique in order to effectively investigate their micro-structures and mechanical properties. The addition of Cr significantly enhances the β stability in the microstructures of the Ti-25Nb-8Zr-xCr alloys. Both yield strength and hardness of the studied alloys increase due to the effect of solid-solution strengthening. By contrast, the plasticity, maximum strength and strain hardening rate are influenced ...


Calculation Of Critical Water Flow Rates For Wildfire Suppression, Greg Penney, Daryoush Habibi, Marcus Cattani, Murray Carter Jan 2019

Calculation Of Critical Water Flow Rates For Wildfire Suppression, Greg Penney, Daryoush Habibi, Marcus Cattani, Murray Carter

ECU Publications Post 2013

Predicting water suppression requirements and its impacts on firefighting strategies and logistics within the urban environment has been the subject of many previous studies, however the same level of research has yet to be applied in the realm of wildfire suppression. To work towards addressing this knowledge gap, this paper provides guidance for Incident Controllers in relation to critical water flow rates required to extinguish large wildfire across a wide range of forest fuel loads, fire weather and active fire front depths. This is achieved through mathematical empirical analysis of water flow rates required for head fire suppression during 540 ...


Capacitive Sensor And Its Calibration: A Technique For The Estimation Of Solid Particles Flow Concentration, Usama Abrar, Liu Shi, Nasif R. Jaffri, Qin Li, Mian W. Omar, Hassan R. Sindhu Jan 2019

Capacitive Sensor And Its Calibration: A Technique For The Estimation Of Solid Particles Flow Concentration, Usama Abrar, Liu Shi, Nasif R. Jaffri, Qin Li, Mian W. Omar, Hassan R. Sindhu

ECU Publications Post 2013

The precise and accurate measurement of flow rate in the batch flow of the solid particles is of primary importance in many process industries for the improvement of the efficiency of the system. Many techniques developed for the measurement of mass flow rate. The capacitive sensors has a significance of being non-invasive, higher accuracy and low cost for mass flow measurement despite the fact that many factors adversely affect the performance- including non-uniform flow, multiphase flow, temperature, pressure, and moisture in the solid particles. This paper covers preliminary investigations of the offline estimation of mass flow concentration based upon the ...


Taylor's Slope Stability Chart For Combined Effects Of Horizontal And Vertical Seismic Coefficients, Pragyan Sahoo, Sanjay Kumar Shukla Jan 2019

Taylor's Slope Stability Chart For Combined Effects Of Horizontal And Vertical Seismic Coefficients, Pragyan Sahoo, Sanjay Kumar Shukla

ECU Publications Post 2013

Design standards and codes of practice on earth slope stability often recommend the pseudo-static method of analysis for determining the factor of safety of a slope subjected to seismic forces. In most pseudo-static methods of analysis, the horizontal seismic force is considered without due weightage to vertical seismic force. In the past, Taylor's stability chart for a homogeneous cohesive-frictional soil slope has been extended to consider the effect of horizontal seismic force only. In this paper, an attempt is made to develop an analytical formulation considering both horizontal and vertical seismic forces in order to estimate the factor of ...


Real-Time Classification Of Multivariate Olfaction Data Using Spiking Neural Networks, Arnup Vanarse, Adam Osseiran, Alexander Rassau, Therese O'Sullivan, Jonny Lo, Amanda Devine Jan 2019

Real-Time Classification Of Multivariate Olfaction Data Using Spiking Neural Networks, Arnup Vanarse, Adam Osseiran, Alexander Rassau, Therese O'Sullivan, Jonny Lo, Amanda Devine

ECU Publications Post 2013

Recent studies in bioinspired artificial olfaction, especially those detailing the application of spike-based neuromorphic methods, have led to promising developments towards overcoming the limitations of traditional approaches, such as complexity in handling multivariate data, computational and power requirements, poor accuracy, and substantial delay for processing and classification of odors. Rank-order-based olfactory systems provide an interesting approach for detection of target gases by encoding multi-variate data generated by artificial olfactory systems into temporal signatures. However, the utilization of traditional pattern-matching methods and unpredictable shuffling of spikes in the rank-order impedes the performance of the system. In this paper, we present an ...


A Hardware-Deployable Neuromorphic Solution For Encoding And Classification Of Electronic Nose Data, Anup Vanarse, Alexander Rassau, Peter Van Der Made Jan 2019

A Hardware-Deployable Neuromorphic Solution For Encoding And Classification Of Electronic Nose Data, Anup Vanarse, Alexander Rassau, Peter Van Der Made

ECU Publications Post 2013

In several application domains, electronic nose systems employing conventional data processing approaches incur substantial power and computational costs and limitations, such as significant latency and poor accuracy for classification. Recent developments in spike-based bio-inspired approaches have delivered solutions for the highly accurate classification of multivariate sensor data with minimized computational and power requirements. Although these methods have addressed issues related to efficient data processing and classification accuracy, other areas, such as reducing the processing latency to support real-time application and deploying spike-based solutions on supported hardware, have yet to be studied in detail. Through this investigation, we proposed a spiking ...


A Statistical Approach To Provide Explainable Convolutional Neural Network Parameter Optimization, Saman Akbarzadeh, Selam Ahderom, Kamal Alameh Jan 2019

A Statistical Approach To Provide Explainable Convolutional Neural Network Parameter Optimization, Saman Akbarzadeh, Selam Ahderom, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Post 2013

Algorithms based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been great attention in image processing due to their ability to find patterns and recognize objects in a wide range of scientific and industrial applications. Finding the best network and optimizing its hyperparameters for a specific application are central challenges for CNNs. Most state-of-the-art CNNs are manually designed, while techniques for automatically finding the best architecture and hyperparameters are computationally intensive, and hence, there is a need to severely limit their search space. This paper proposes a fast statistical method for CNN parameter optimization, which can be applied in many CNN applications ...


A Numerical Study Of Axisymmetric Wave Propagation In Buried Fluid-Filled Pipes For Optimizing The Vibro-Acoustic Technique When Locating Gas Pipelines, Ying Liu, Daryoush Habibi, Douglas Chai, Xiuming Wang, Hao Chen Jan 2019

A Numerical Study Of Axisymmetric Wave Propagation In Buried Fluid-Filled Pipes For Optimizing The Vibro-Acoustic Technique When Locating Gas Pipelines, Ying Liu, Daryoush Habibi, Douglas Chai, Xiuming Wang, Hao Chen

ECU Publications Post 2013

Buried pipeline systems play a vital role in energy storage and transportation, especially for fluid energies like water and gas. The ability to locate buried pipes is of great importance since it is fundamental for leakage detection, pipeline maintenance, and pipeline repair. The vibro-acoustic locating method, as one of the most effective detection technologies, has been studied by many researchers. However, previous studies have mainly focused on vibro-acoustic propagation in buried water pipes. Limited research has been conducted on buried gas pipes. In this paper, the behavior of gas-dominated wave motion will be investigated and compared against water-dominated wave motion ...


Stability Analysis And Design Charts For A Sandy Soil Slope Supporting An Embedded Strip Footing, Emmanuel Baah-Frempong, Sanjay Kumar Shukla Jan 2019

Stability Analysis And Design Charts For A Sandy Soil Slope Supporting An Embedded Strip Footing, Emmanuel Baah-Frempong, Sanjay Kumar Shukla

ECU Publications Post 2013

In several field situations, especially in the hilly terrains, the construction of footings on slopes becomes essential. The factor of safety of a slope supporting a loaded footing on the crest is dependent on the position of the footing from the crest edge. Most studies in the past have focused on analysing the bearing capacity and settlement behaviour of a footing resting on a slope crest, but foundations in most infrastructure projects are usually built at some depth below the ground surface. Therefore, the availability of some form of design charts for determining the factor of safety of a slope ...


Effective Plant Discrimination Based On The Combination Of Local Binary Pattern Operators And Multiclass Support Vector Machine Methods, Vi N T Le, Beniamin Apopei, Kamal Alameh Jan 2019

Effective Plant Discrimination Based On The Combination Of Local Binary Pattern Operators And Multiclass Support Vector Machine Methods, Vi N T Le, Beniamin Apopei, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Post 2013

Accurate crop and weed discrimination plays a critical role in addressing the challenges of weed management in agriculture. The use of herbicides is currently the most common approach to weed control. However, herbicide resistant plants have long been recognised as a major concern due to the excessive use of herbicides. Effective weed detection techniques can reduce the cost of weed management and improve crop quality and yield. A computationally efficient and robust plant classification algorithm is developed and applied to the classification of three crops: Brassica napus (canola), Zea mays (maize/corn), and radish. The developed algorithm is based on ...


Assesment Of Electricity Excess In An Isolated Hybrid Energy System: A Case Study Of A Dangiwada Village In Rural Nepal, Ashish Shrestha, Lalit Bickram Rana, Ajay Singh, Sudip Phuyal, Anil Ghimire, Roshan Giri, Roshan Kattel, Kedar Karki, Shailendra Kumar Jha Jan 2019

Assesment Of Electricity Excess In An Isolated Hybrid Energy System: A Case Study Of A Dangiwada Village In Rural Nepal, Ashish Shrestha, Lalit Bickram Rana, Ajay Singh, Sudip Phuyal, Anil Ghimire, Roshan Giri, Roshan Kattel, Kedar Karki, Shailendra Kumar Jha

ECU Publications Post 2013

The increasing demand of power can be fulfilled through different architectures and electricity supply models by utilizing the available local resources. But most of the isolated energy system suffers from high energy cost and unreliable energy supply. This study identifies different electricity supply models to fulfill the dynamic demand of power in a remote area, which is analyzed in terms of cost of energy and causes for the high cost of energy. Among different factors, the presence of unusable energy (Electricity Excess) produced by the energy system during fulfillment of the demand is found to be major one cause for ...