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Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Additives: Method For Detection With Mass Spectrometry, New Identifications, And Utility Of Biological Treatment, Kurban Andrew Sitterley
Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations
Hydraulic fracturing simultaneously uses and generates billions of gallons of water every year that must be sourced and managed. Fracturing fluid chemicals, including many ethoxylated and propoxylated surfactants, are added to water to make fracturing fluid. Flowback and produced water, the primary contributors to the waste stream, are generated during the drilling operations and throughout the life of the well.
Inherent to developing a management approach is adequate methods of characterization and treatment for dissolved components. This research presents the development of a solid phase extraction method for identifying and detecting common fluid additives with mass spectrometry (MS). With this ...