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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

A Data-Driven Toolchain For The Operational Performance Analysis And Optimization Of Buildings, Anthony Reed Florita Jan 2019

A Data-Driven Toolchain For The Operational Performance Analysis And Optimization Of Buildings, Anthony Reed Florita

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Automation has proven indispensable to advancing human endeavors. Within the built environment its evolution and sophistication are on the cusp of moving beyond automatic control into automated prediction and diagnosis. A data-driven toolchain is developed so human efforts can be focused on high-value concerns. The research examines smart buildings as a cyberphysical construct and places the Bayesian perspective as paramount. Prior knowledge is leveraged through common building energy modeling and simulation tools, which are utilized and extended. An iterative, three-step process is developed to 1) classify building energy performance scenarios, 2) forecast dynamics over a planning horizon of interest, and ...


Quantifying The Onset Of Damage For Light Frame Wood Buildings In Induced Earthquakes, Bridger William Baird Jan 2019

Quantifying The Onset Of Damage For Light Frame Wood Buildings In Induced Earthquakes, Bridger William Baird

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Since 2009, the frequency of (moment) magnitude (M) 3.0 earthquakes and larger in the Central United States, and especially Oklahoma, has risen from an average of 2 per year, to 200-700 per year. This increase in seismicity is a result of the deep injection of large quantities of wastewater from oil and gas activities underground.

In this study, damage to built infrastructure from induced earthquakes is investigated through nonlinear dynamic analysis and probabilistic damage assessment for light-frame wood structures common in Oklahoma. Specifically, we focus here on investigating the smallest magnitude of injection-induced earthquake that may cause damage to ...