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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Hybrid Superhydrophilic–Superhydrophobic Micro/ Nanostructures Fabricated By Femtosecond Laserinduced Forward Transfer For Sub-Femtomolar Raman Detection, Xiaodan Ma, Lan Jiang, Xiaowei Li, Bohong Li, Ji Huang, Jiaxing Sun, Zhi Wang, Zhijie Xu, Liangti Qu, Yongfeng Lu, Tianhong Cui Sep 2019

Hybrid Superhydrophilic–Superhydrophobic Micro/ Nanostructures Fabricated By Femtosecond Laserinduced Forward Transfer For Sub-Femtomolar Raman Detection, Xiaodan Ma, Lan Jiang, Xiaowei Li, Bohong Li, Ji Huang, Jiaxing Sun, Zhi Wang, Zhijie Xu, Liangti Qu, Yongfeng Lu, Tianhong Cui

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Raman spectroscopy plays a crucial role in biochemical analysis. Recently, superhydrophobic surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates have enhanced detection limits by concentrating target molecules into small areas. However, due to the wet transition phenomenon, further reduction of the droplet contact area is prevented, and the detection limit is restricted. This paper proposes a simple method involving femtosecond laser-induced forward transfer for preparing a hybrid superhydrophilic–superhydrophobic SERS (HS-SERS) substrate by introducing a superhydrophilic pattern to promote the target molecules to concentrate on it for ultratrace detection. Furthermore, the HS-SERS substrate is heated to promote a smaller concentrated area. The water ...


Advanced Mathematical And Numerical Methods In Control And Optimization For Smart Grids, Zhan Shu, Michael Z.Q. Chen, Qing Hui Sep 2019

Advanced Mathematical And Numerical Methods In Control And Optimization For Smart Grids, Zhan Shu, Michael Z.Q. Chen, Qing Hui

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

While renewable energy, as a part of smart-grid technologies, brings clean energy, it also brings a series of power quality problems. An increasing number of power electronic devices and new smart-grid technologies are used to ensure a safe, reliable, and high-quality operation of the power grid. However, the effectiveness of these control devices and technologies largely depends on the accuracy of the model, the advancement of control methods, and the numerical optimization of the parameters.

This special issue focuses on recent advances in modeling, numerical analysis, control, and optimization of smart grids with some special emphasis on the mathematical problems ...


Online Eeg Seizure Detection And Localization, Amirsalar Mansouri, Sanjay P. Singh, Khalid Sayood Aug 2019

Online Eeg Seizure Detection And Localization, Amirsalar Mansouri, Sanjay P. Singh, Khalid Sayood

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Epilepsy is one of the three most prevalent neurological disorders. A significant proportion of patients suffering from epilepsy can be effectively treated if their seizures are detected in a timely manner. However, detection of most seizures requires the attention of trained neurologists-- a scarce resource. Therefore, there is a need for an automatic seizure detection capability. A tunable non-patient-specific, non-seizure-specific method is proposed to detect the presence and locality of a seizure using electroencephalography (EEG) signals. This multifaceted computational approach is based on a network model of the brain and a distance metric based on the spectral profiles of EEG ...


Cooperative Learning For The Consensus Of Multi-Agent Systems, Qishuai Liu Aug 2019

Cooperative Learning For The Consensus Of Multi-Agent Systems, Qishuai Liu

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Due to a lot of attention for the multi-agent system in recent years, the consensus algorithm gained immense popularity for building fault-tolerant systems in system and control theory. Generally, the consensus algorithm drives the swarm of agents to work as a coherent group that can reach an agreement regarding a certain quantity of interest, which depends on the state of all agents themselves. The most common consensus algorithm is the average consensus, the final consensus value of which is equal to the average of the initial values. If we want the agents to find the best area of the particular ...


Fqstat: A Parallel Architecture For Very High-Speed Assessment Of Sequencing Quality Metrics, Sree K. Chanumolu, Mustafa Albahrani, Hasan H. Otu Aug 2019

Fqstat: A Parallel Architecture For Very High-Speed Assessment Of Sequencing Quality Metrics, Sree K. Chanumolu, Mustafa Albahrani, Hasan H. Otu

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Background: High throughput DNA/RNA sequencing has revolutionized biological and clinical research. Sequencing is widely used, and generates very large amounts of data, mainly due to reduced cost and advanced technologies. Quickly assessing the quality of giga-to-tera base levels of sequencing data has become a routine but important task. Identification and elimination of low-quality sequence data is crucial for reliability of downstream analysis results. There is a need for a high-speed tool that uses optimized parallel programming for batch processing and simply gauges the quality of sequencing data from multiple datasets independent of any other processing steps.

Results: FQStat is ...


Human-Cognition-In-The-Loop: A Framework To Include Decision Process In Closed Loop Control, Mehdi Firouznia Jul 2019

Human-Cognition-In-The-Loop: A Framework To Include Decision Process In Closed Loop Control, Mehdi Firouznia

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

This thesis proposes a framework to include human cognitive process in making decision into control loop. Our approach in solving this problem is to add a complementary control which includes a model of human decision to the controller, capable of predicting human command accuracy in the near future. The outcome of decision unit can either be presented to the operator as a directive or may adjust the issued command toward better results. In order to construct human decision model, we combined tree approaches of bio-physical connectionist, mathematical abstraction and behavioral cognitive models in the adaptive gain theory framework. We first ...


Low-Dimensional Materials With Protective Coatings For Applications Under Extreme Conditions, Qiming Zou Apr 2019

Low-Dimensional Materials With Protective Coatings For Applications Under Extreme Conditions, Qiming Zou

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Traditional ceramic-based, conductive materials used under extreme conditions are severely limited due to their conditional electrical conductivity and poor stability under harsh circumstances. Advanced composite structures based on vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) and high-temperature ceramics are expected to address this grand challenge, in which ceramic serves as a shielding layer protecting the VACNTs from the oxidation and erosive environment, while the VACNTs work as a conductor. However, it is still a great challenge to fabricate VACNT/ceramic composite structures due to the limited infiltration of ceramics inside the VACNT arrays. Hence developing a feasible method to infiltrate ceramics into ...


A Strategic Audit Of Nintendo Co., Ltd., Emily Wagner Apr 2019

A Strategic Audit Of Nintendo Co., Ltd., Emily Wagner

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The astounding success of the Nintendo Switch since its launch in March 2017 has brought Nintendo back into the spotlight of the gaming industry. However, what strategies led to the Switch’s success, enabling Nintendo to come back from the complete and utter failure of the Wii U? Also, what does Nintendo need to do to maintain its success over the lifetime of the Switch and beyond? This paper offers a strategic analysis of Nintendo, examining the company’s history, recent products, competitive advantages, and reasons for the success of the Switch. It also provides an analysis of Nintendo’s ...


Feasibility And Security Analysis Of Wideband Ultrasonic Radio For Smart Home Applications, Qi Xia Apr 2019

Feasibility And Security Analysis Of Wideband Ultrasonic Radio For Smart Home Applications, Qi Xia

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Smart home Internet-of-Things (IoT) accompanied by smart home apps has witnessed tremendous growth in the past few years. Yet, the security and privacy of the smart home IoT devices and apps have raised serious concerns, as they are getting increasingly complicated each day, expected to store and exchange extremely sensitive personal data, always on and connected, and commonly exposed to any users in a sensitive environment. Nowadays wireless smart home IoT devices rely on electromagnetic wave-based radio-frequency (RF) technology to establish fast and reliable quality network connections. However, RF has its limitations that can negatively affect the smart home user ...


Ultrashort Cross-Correlation In The Middle Infrared: A Novel Approach To Standoff Detection, William Conner Thomas Apr 2019

Ultrashort Cross-Correlation In The Middle Infrared: A Novel Approach To Standoff Detection, William Conner Thomas

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Lasers are a common tool in standoff detection because of their small divergence, large amount of power, and multiple wavelengths available for optical interaction. Optical signatures of targets can be composed of but are not limited to absorption, fluorescence, backscatter, polarization manipulation, and plasma spectra. This work was an investigation of a new signature phenomenon: Dispersion of middle infrared ultrashort laser pulses through gas and vapor phase molecules. Vibrational and rovibrational absorption lines of molecular species affect the spectral phase and spectral amplitude of ultrashort light pulses leading an inititally gaussian temporal profile to become distorted. This dissertation is an ...


Aerial Base Station Deployment For Post-Disaster Public Safety Applications, Jose Antonio Matamoros Vargas Apr 2019

Aerial Base Station Deployment For Post-Disaster Public Safety Applications, Jose Antonio Matamoros Vargas

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Earthquakes and floods are constant threats to most of the countries in the world. After such catastrophes, a rapid response is needed, which includes communications not only for first responders but also for local civilians. Even though there are technologies and specialized personnel for rapid deployment, it is common that external factors will hinder the arrival of help while communication requirements are urgently required. Such communication technologies would aid tasks regarding organization and information dissemination from authorities to the civilians and vice-versa. This necessity is due to protocols and applications to allocate the number of emergency resources per location and ...


Analysis Of Local Anti-Islanding Detection Methods For Photovoltaic Generators In Distribution Systems, Milad Kahrobaee Apr 2019

Analysis Of Local Anti-Islanding Detection Methods For Photovoltaic Generators In Distribution Systems, Milad Kahrobaee

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

In the current decade, technology innovations and cost reduction of inverter-based Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) have led to higher integration of distributed energy storage and photovoltaic (PV) solar power systems. Increasing growth in PV penetration to the distribution system can raise operational and safety concerns especially in case of an unintended islanding.

In general, standards require distributed generators (DGs) to detect islanding from the main grid and cease to energize the local system. Multiple methods have been introduced in the literature to detect these islands reliably and quickly. In order to connect an inverter to distribution system, inverter should pass ...


Electromagnon Excitation In Cupric Oxide Measured By Fabry-Pérot Enhanced Terahertz Mueller Matrix Ellipsometry, Sean Knight, Dharmalingam Prabhakaran, Christian Binek, Mathias Schubert Feb 2019

Electromagnon Excitation In Cupric Oxide Measured By Fabry-Pérot Enhanced Terahertz Mueller Matrix Ellipsometry, Sean Knight, Dharmalingam Prabhakaran, Christian Binek, Mathias Schubert

Christian Binek Publications

Here we present the use of Fabry-Pérot enhanced terahertz (THz) Mueller matrix ellipsometry to measure an electromagnon excitation in monoclinic cupric oxide (CuO). As a magnetically induced ferroelectric multiferroic, CuO exhibits coupling between electric and magnetic order. This gives rise to special quasiparticle excitations at THz frequencies called electromagnons. In order to measure the electromagnons in CuO, we exploit single-crystal CuO as a THz Fabry-Pérot cavity to resonantly enhance the excitation’s signature. This enhancement technique enables the complex index of refraction to be extracted. We observe a peak in the absorption coefficient near 0.705 THz and 215 K ...


Effects Of Correlation Of Channel Gains On The Secrecy Capacity In The Gaussian Wiretap Channel, Abhishek Lokur Jan 2019

Effects Of Correlation Of Channel Gains On The Secrecy Capacity In The Gaussian Wiretap Channel, Abhishek Lokur

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Secrecy capacity is one of the most important characteristic of a wireless communication channel. Therefore, the study of this characteristic wherein the system has correlated channel gains and study them for different line-of-sight (LOS) propagation scenarios is of ultimate importance.

The primary objective of this thesis from the mathematical side is to determine the secrecy capacity (SC) for correlated channel gains for the main and eavesdropper channels in a Gaussian Wiretap channel as a function from main parameters (μ, Σ, ρ). f(h1, h2) is the joint distribution of the two channel gains at channel use (h1 ...


Neutrophil Activation In Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (Clarkson Disease), Zhihui Xie, Douglas B. Kuhns, Xuesong Gu, Hasan H. Otu, Towia A. Libermann, John I. Gallin, Samir M. Parikh, Kirk M. Druey Jan 2019

Neutrophil Activation In Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (Clarkson Disease), Zhihui Xie, Douglas B. Kuhns, Xuesong Gu, Hasan H. Otu, Towia A. Libermann, John I. Gallin, Samir M. Parikh, Kirk M. Druey

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS; Clarkson disease) is a rare orphan disorder characterized by transient yet recurrent episodes of hypotension and peripheral oedema due to diffuse vascular leakage of fluids and proteins into soft tissues. Humoral mediators, cellular responses and genetic features accounting for the clinical phenotype of SCLS are virtually unknown. Here, we searched for factors altered in acute SCLS plasma relative to matched convalescent samples using multiplexed aptamer‐based proteomic screening. Relative amounts of 612 proteins were changed greater than twofold and 81 proteins were changed at least threefold. Among the most enriched proteins in acute SCLS plasma ...


Foreword For The Inaugural Issue, Dongming Guo, Yongfeng Lu Jan 2019

Foreword For The Inaugural Issue, Dongming Guo, Yongfeng Lu

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

The International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing is a leading, worldwide scientific journal focused on the fields of extreme manufacturing. Published within it are the latest scientific and engineering achievements in related fields, as well as pioneering scientific, technological, and engineering innovations and developments.


Multi-Pig Part Detection And Association With A Fully-Convolutional Network, Eric T. Psota, Mateusz Mittek, Lance C. Pérez, Ty Schmidt, Benny Mote Jan 2019

Multi-Pig Part Detection And Association With A Fully-Convolutional Network, Eric T. Psota, Mateusz Mittek, Lance C. Pérez, Ty Schmidt, Benny Mote

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Computer vision systems have the potential to provide automated, non-invasive monitoring of livestock animals, however, the lack of public datasets with well-defined targets and evaluation metrics presents a significant challenge for researchers. Consequently, existing solutions often focus on achieving task-specific objectives using relatively small, private datasets. This work introduces a new dataset and method for instance-level detection of multiple pigs in group-housed environments. The method uses a single fully-convolutional neural network to detect the location and orientation of each animal, where both body part locations and pairwise associations are represented in the image space. Accompanying this method is a new ...


The Next-Generation Retail Electricity Market In The Context Of Distributed Energy Resources: Vision And Integrating Framework, Josue Campos Do Prado, Wei Qiao, Liyan Qu, Julio Romero Aguero Jan 2019

The Next-Generation Retail Electricity Market In The Context Of Distributed Energy Resources: Vision And Integrating Framework, Josue Campos Do Prado, Wei Qiao, Liyan Qu, Julio Romero Aguero

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

The increasing adoption of distributed energy resources (DERs) and smart grid technologies (SGTs) by end-user retail customers is changing significantly both technical and economic operations in the distribution grid. The next-generation retail electricity market will promote decentralization, efficiency, and competitiveness by accommodating existing and new agents through new business models and transactive approaches in an advanced metering infrastructure (AMI). However, these changes will bring several technical challenges to be addressed in transmission and distribution systems. Considerable activities have been carried out worldwide to study the impacts of integrating DERs into the grid and in the wholesale electricity market. However, the ...


Fabrication Of Highly Homogeneous And Controllable Nanogratings On Silicon Via Chemical Etching-Assisted Femtosecond Laser Modification, Ji Huang, Lan Jiang, Xiaowei Li, Andong Wang, Zhi Wang, Qingsong Wang, Jie Hu, Liangti Qu, Tianhong Cui, Yongfeng Lu Jan 2019

Fabrication Of Highly Homogeneous And Controllable Nanogratings On Silicon Via Chemical Etching-Assisted Femtosecond Laser Modification, Ji Huang, Lan Jiang, Xiaowei Li, Andong Wang, Zhi Wang, Qingsong Wang, Jie Hu, Liangti Qu, Tianhong Cui, Yongfeng Lu

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Femtosecond laser direct writing is widely exploited in surface periodic structures processing. However, this technique still faces challenges in obtaining high surface homogeneity and flexible morphology controllability. In this study, a flexible and efficient approach has been proposed to fabricate highly homogeneous and controllable nanogratings on silicon via chemical etching-assisted femtosecond laser modification. By precisely manipulating the laser-material interaction process, alternating amorphous-crystalline nanofringes are generated when employing femtosecond laser scanning over a Si sample, with almost no material removal. Following auxiliary chemical etching, highly homogeneous nanograting structures are obtained, and the morphology of the nanogratings can be flexibly managed through ...


Growth Of Nitride Films, Yongfeng Lu, Hossein Rabiee Golgir, Yunshen Zhou Jan 2019

Growth Of Nitride Films, Yongfeng Lu, Hossein Rabiee Golgir, Yunshen Zhou

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

A gallium nitride thin film can be formed on a substrate at a low temperature (e.g., not higher than 600°C .) by applying a laser to resonantly excite molecules of a first precursor that contains nitrogen, in which the laser has a wavelength that is selected to match a vibration mode and/or a vibrational rotational mode of the molecules of the first precursor. A second precursor is provided in which the excited first precursor and the second precursor react to form a nitride that is deposited on the substrate. For example, the second precursor may include gallium, and ...


Manipulation Of Lipss Orientation On Silicon Surfaces Using Orthogonally Polarized Femtosecond Laser Double-Pulse Trains, Wei Liu, Lan Jiang, Weina Han, Jie Hu, Xiaowei Li, Ji Huang, Shenghua Zhan, Yongfeng Lu Jan 2019

Manipulation Of Lipss Orientation On Silicon Surfaces Using Orthogonally Polarized Femtosecond Laser Double-Pulse Trains, Wei Liu, Lan Jiang, Weina Han, Jie Hu, Xiaowei Li, Ji Huang, Shenghua Zhan, Yongfeng Lu

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) provide an easy and costeffective means of fabricating gratings and have been widely studied in recent decades. To overcome the challenge of orientation controllability, we developed a feasible and efficient method for manipulating the orientation of LIPSS in real time. Specifically, we used orthogonally polarized and equal-energy femtosecond laser (50 fs, 800 nm) double-pulse trains with time delay about 1ps, total peak laser fluence about 1.0 J/cm2, laser repetition frequency at 100 Hz and scanning speed at 150 μm/s to manipulate the LIPSS orientation on silicon surfaces perpendicular to the scanning ...


Overview Of Extreme Manufacturing, Dongming Guo, Yongfeng Lu Jan 2019

Overview Of Extreme Manufacturing, Dongming Guo, Yongfeng Lu

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Today we live in a new era of economic globalization and rapid technological growth. The advancement of both our society and standard of living require us to delve into this new world and unleash the possibilities our future. We need to broaden the horizons of our universe to discover a new realm where the future of humanity can flourish. We need to be unafraid to unveil the mysteries hidden within the depths of our oceans to unearth treasures that will benefit not only us, but the generations to come.


Fast Growth Of Thin Mapbi3 Crystal Wafers On Aqueous Solution Surface For Efficient Lateral-Structure Perovskite Solar Cells, Ye Liu, Qingfeng Dong, Yanjun Fang, Yuze Lin, Yehao Deng, Jinsong Huang Jan 2019

Fast Growth Of Thin Mapbi3 Crystal Wafers On Aqueous Solution Surface For Efficient Lateral-Structure Perovskite Solar Cells, Ye Liu, Qingfeng Dong, Yanjun Fang, Yuze Lin, Yehao Deng, Jinsong Huang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Solar-grade single or multiple crystalline wafers are needed in large quantities in the solar cell industry, and are generally formed by a top-down process from crystal ingots, which causes a significant waste of materials and energy during slicing, polishing, and other processing. Here, a bottom-up technique that allows the growth of wafer-size hybrid perovskite multiple crystals directly from aqueous solution is reported. Single-crystalline hybrid perovskite wafers with centimeter size are grown at the top surface of a perovskite precursor solution. As well as saving raw materials, this method provides unprecedented advantages such as easily tunable thickness and rapid growth of ...


The Temporal-Spatial Evolution Of Electron Dynamics Induced By Femtosecond Double Pulses, Changji Pan, Lan Jiang, Jingya Sun, Qingsong Wang, Feifei Wang, Yongfeng Lu Jan 2019

The Temporal-Spatial Evolution Of Electron Dynamics Induced By Femtosecond Double Pulses, Changji Pan, Lan Jiang, Jingya Sun, Qingsong Wang, Feifei Wang, Yongfeng Lu

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

The temporal and spatial electron dynamics were investigated under irradiation of temporally shaped femtosecond double pulses. Filament split was observed upon arrival of the second pulse, which was attributed to the emergence of transient high-reflective surface induced by the first pulse. The electron density analysis showed that the total deposition energy of double pulses case was generally higher than that of single pulse case. Particularly, the maximum deposition energy was obtained at 350 fs separation time of double pulses. The results of our experiment demonstrated optimization of energy deposition efficiency by temporally shaping laser pulses, which will benefit the fabrication ...


Direct Observation Of Structure-Assisted Filament Splitting During Ultrafast Multiplepulse Laser Ablation, Feifei Wang, Changji Pan, Jingya Sun, Qingsong Wang, Yongfeng Lu, Lan Jiang Jan 2019

Direct Observation Of Structure-Assisted Filament Splitting During Ultrafast Multiplepulse Laser Ablation, Feifei Wang, Changji Pan, Jingya Sun, Qingsong Wang, Yongfeng Lu, Lan Jiang

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Laser-induced plasma evolution in fused silica through multipulse laser ablation was studied using pump-probe technology. Filament splitting was observed in the early stage of plasma evolution (before ~300 fs). This phenomenon can be attributed to competition between laser divergent propagation induced by a pre-pulse-induced crater and the nonlinear self-focusing effect. This effect was validated through simulation results. With the increasing pulse number, the appearance of filament peak electron density was postponed. Furthermore, a second peak in the filament and peak position separation were observed because of an optical path difference between the lasers propagating from the crater center and edge ...


Monitoring Aging Of Power Semiconductor Devices Based On Case Temperature, Wei Qiao, Ze Wang, Liyan Qu Jan 2019

Monitoring Aging Of Power Semiconductor Devices Based On Case Temperature, Wei Qiao, Ze Wang, Liyan Qu

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

The aging of an electronic component in an electronic power converter can be monitored based on two or more case temperature measurements. A power electronic device is enclosed in a package having a baseplate, in which the power electronic device generates heat during operation and the baseplate transfers heat to a heat dissipating device or a cooling device. Sensors measure temperatures at first and second locations on a surface of the baseplate. A data processor calculates a value for a first parameter based on the temperatures at the first and second locations, in which the first parameter is indicative of ...


Beam Manipulation Mechanisms Of Dielectric Metasurfaces, Baoshan Guo, Lan Jiang, Yanhong Hua, Ningwei Zhan, Jingang Jia, Kunpeng Chu, Yongfeng Lu Jan 2019

Beam Manipulation Mechanisms Of Dielectric Metasurfaces, Baoshan Guo, Lan Jiang, Yanhong Hua, Ningwei Zhan, Jingang Jia, Kunpeng Chu, Yongfeng Lu

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Dielectric metasurfaces can achieve flexible beam manipulations. Herein, we study dielectric metasurfaces with different refractive indices, periods, incident angles, and cross-sectional shapes to determine the metasurface working mechanisms. Perfect transmission mainly depends on multipolar interference that can be used to control the transmission modes through the hybrid periods, hybrid cross sections, and multilayers. Perfect reflection is strongly influenced by the period of the metasurface and occurs only when the period is shorter than incident wavelength, which can be attributed to the lattice coupling. Furthermore, lattice coupling can be classified into two types with distinct properties: vertical mode and horizontal mode ...


Zebrafish Macroh2a Variants Have Distinct Embryo Localization And Function, E. Gonzalez-Munoz, Y. Arboleda-Estudillo, S. K. Chanumolu, H. H. Otu, J. B. Cibelli Jan 2019

Zebrafish Macroh2a Variants Have Distinct Embryo Localization And Function, E. Gonzalez-Munoz, Y. Arboleda-Estudillo, S. K. Chanumolu, H. H. Otu, J. B. Cibelli

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Mouse and cell-based studies have shown that macroH2A histone variants predominantly associate with heterochromatin. Functional studies found that macroH2As are involved in gene repression, inhibiting the acquisition of pluripotency and preserving cell differentiation. However, only a few studies have analysed the role of macroH2A during early embryo development. We report the development of transgenic zebrafish lines expressing macroH2A isoforms (mH2A1 and mH2A2) fusion proteins (with GFP) under identified endogenous promoters. We found that mH2A1 and mH2A2 have different spatial and temporal expression patterns during embryonic development. mH2A1 is expressed mostly in the extraembryonic Yolk Syncytial Layer (YSL) starting before shield ...


Effect Of Titanium And Zirconium Carbide Interphases On The Thermal Conductivity And Interfacial Heat Transfers In Copper/ Diamond Composite Materials, Clio Azina, Inaki Cornu, Jean-Francois Silvain, Yongfeng Lu, Jean-Luc Battaglia Jan 2019

Effect Of Titanium And Zirconium Carbide Interphases On The Thermal Conductivity And Interfacial Heat Transfers In Copper/ Diamond Composite Materials, Clio Azina, Inaki Cornu, Jean-Francois Silvain, Yongfeng Lu, Jean-Luc Battaglia

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Thermal properties of metal matrix composite materials are becoming ever more relevant with the increasing demand for thermally efficient materials. In this work, the thermal conductivity and heat transfers at the interfaces of copper matrix composite materials reinforced with diamond particles (Cu/D) are discussed. The composite materials contain either ZrC or TiC interphases and exhibit, respectively, higher and lower thermal conductivities with respect to their pure Cu/D counterparts. These thermal conductivities are accounted to the presence of strong covalent bonds and increased relative densities. The role of these interphases is also discussed regarding the phonon transmission at the ...


A Novel Method Of Near-Miss Event Detection With Software Defined Radar In Improving Railyard Safety, Subharthi Banerjee, Jose Santos, Michael Hempel, Pejman Ghasemzadeh, Hamid Sharif Jan 2019

A Novel Method Of Near-Miss Event Detection With Software Defined Radar In Improving Railyard Safety, Subharthi Banerjee, Jose Santos, Michael Hempel, Pejman Ghasemzadeh, Hamid Sharif

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Railyards are one of the most challenging and complex workplace environments in any industry. Railyard workers are constantly surrounded by dangerous moving objects, in a noisy environment where distractions can easily result in accidents or casualties. Throughout the years, yards have been contributing 20–30% of the total accidents that happen in railroads. Monitoring the railyard workspace to keep personnel safe from falls, slips, being struck by large object, etc. and preventing fatal accidents can be particularly challenging due to the sheer number of factors involved, such as the need to protect a large geographical space, the inherent dynamicity of ...