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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Kc 4.3: Rural Landscapes Of The 20th Century, Stefania Landi, Concetta Lenza, Denise Ulivieri Oct 2019

Kc 4.3: Rural Landscapes Of The 20th Century, Stefania Landi, Concetta Lenza, Denise Ulivieri

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

During the 20th Century, rural landscapes all over the world underwent rapid transformations as a result of many factors - including new socio-political and economic conditions, new agricultural practices and the mechanization of agriculture - resulting in radical transformations of land uses and in the introduction of new infrastructures and facilities, necessary for the storage and distribution of an ever increasing amount of products. Based on the existing documents and bibliography relevant to the topic (ICOMOS-IFLA, Principles concerning rural landscapes as heritage, 2017; ICOMOS-ISC20C, Madrid-New Delhi Document. Approaches to the conservation of twentieth-century cultural heritage, 2017; Meeus, Wijermans, Vroom, 1990; Pungetti ...


Northeastern Species In Hybrid Cross Laminated Timber, Hamid Kaboli Jul 2019

Northeastern Species In Hybrid Cross Laminated Timber, Hamid Kaboli

Doctoral Dissertations

Known in the building industry throughout the world, Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) is a massive timber building material with outstanding structural, fire, and seismic properties. CLT is a cost-competitive, sustainable construction material is a good candidate as a substitute material for concrete, masonry, and steel, in mid-rise and high-rise buildings. CLT is perpendicular layers of dimensional lumbers usually laminated together and forming a massive structural panel. This dissertation explores the viability of utilizing Massachusetts grown Eastern Hemlock and Eastern White Pine in CLT panels as pure or in conjunction with other high-value wood products. 59% of Massachusetts’ lands are covered ...


2019 Btes Conference Program Integration + Innovation, Caryn Brause, Peggi Clouston, Naomi Darling Jun 2019

2019 Btes Conference Program Integration + Innovation, Caryn Brause, Peggi Clouston, Naomi Darling

Building Technology Educator's Society

Following on the alliterative themes of recent BTES conferences, we have selected Integration and Innovation as the theme for the 2019 gathering. Innovation can begin with conjecture, with a searching for more effective solutions, or with an application to currently unknown or unarticulated needs. Innovation scholarship examines the personal intellectual habits that support new ideas, such as openness and exploratory behavior, as well as the circumstances behind the places in which creativity flourishes, such as support for cross-disciplinary fertilization and access to resources. The 2019 BTES conference will explore the role of technology education and curriculum in cultivating these intellectual ...


Bridging The Gap Between Architecture And Engineering: A Transdisciplinary Model For A Resilient Built Environment, Michelle Laboy, Annalisa Onnis-Hayden Jun 2019

Bridging The Gap Between Architecture And Engineering: A Transdisciplinary Model For A Resilient Built Environment, Michelle Laboy, Annalisa Onnis-Hayden

Building Technology Educator's Society

As the focus of environmental engineering increasingly shifts to landscape-based, decentralized solutions to energy and water; and as architecture increasingly shifts its attention to resilience, ecological connectivity and independence from centralized infrastructure, these two disciplines find themselves closer in scale than before. This paper presents a collaborative project between upper level architecture and environmental engineering students focused on the design of sustainable and integrated water systems. Critical features of transdisciplinarity included: the engagement of stakeholders in the process at multiple moments; the speculative nature of working on very distant futures, the multi-scalar requirements of the collaboration, and the expectation of ...


The Corner: Tectonic Intersections Of The Architectural Environment, Chad Schwartz, Jaasiel Duarte-Terrazas,, Nataani Garnenez Jun 2019

The Corner: Tectonic Intersections Of The Architectural Environment, Chad Schwartz, Jaasiel Duarte-Terrazas,, Nataani Garnenez

Building Technology Educator's Society

Architectural corners serve as nodes of constructional shifting, of structural logistics, of environmental control emphasis, of spatial experience, and of aesthetic considerations and it is in these particular building intersections that our greatest architects have exceled. Despite the importance of the corner, most architectural software introduces generalizations into design work that all but assures improper understanding of a building’s corners, especially for students and those novice to the profession. The transformations undertaken in the computer rarely reflect the strategies used to create physical, occupiable space. For instance, when working in building information modeling software, walls intersect via “butt” or ...


Folding In Research, Roger Hubeli Jun 2019

Folding In Research, Roger Hubeli

Building Technology Educator's Society

The paper describes how the research collaboration between design faculty and the research arm of one of the world’s largest concrete and cement manufacturers can serve as a basis for advanced building technology courses and provide internship opportunities for the students to further deepen the knowledge they gained in the class. The larger context of the course is the recent advancement in concrete mix technology and the resulting opportunities to develop novel fabrication and construction techniques.

The paper showcases a professional elective course (seminar) that was structured around an advanced concrete cast technology that allows concrete forms to be ...


Automated Comprehensiveness: Sectional Practices And The Misuse Of Revit, Jessica Garcia Fritz Jun 2019

Automated Comprehensiveness: Sectional Practices And The Misuse Of Revit, Jessica Garcia Fritz

Building Technology Educator's Society

All architectural drawings leave gaps in information. Drawing sets leave the impression that a combination of drawing types is comprehensive, that more information is better, but gaps always exist. In generating architecture, these gaps serve as opportunities for ambiguity, speculation, and exploration. The introduction of BIM in the late twentieth century and its more ubiquitous application in Autodesk’s 2004 release of Revit, challenged these previous notions of orthographic comprehensiveness as many images could be output from a single digital model. As representational types, plans, sections, elevations, and details did not disappear. Yet, the historic and conceptual practice for generating ...


Timber 4.0: Open Source Systems As A Democratic Tool For Designing And Building, Ulrich Dangel Jun 2019

Timber 4.0: Open Source Systems As A Democratic Tool For Designing And Building, Ulrich Dangel

Building Technology Educator's Society

Architecture, as it exists today, is deeply rooted in perceptions that were established during the Renaissance, which credited the architect as the sole author of creative thinking processes and the resultant design ideas. Since then, the architectural profession has desired to develop new and innovative ways of building, often without being bound by traditions, the environment, or any other constraints and limitations. This approach has frequently failed to address the needs and concerns of many. As a result, architects have not been successful in imparting significant social change that is valuable to large portions of the population. In contrast, however ...


Steel Structures That Breathe: Two Extensively Glazed Buildings That Integrate Natural Ventilation Within Structural Members, Patrick Charles Jun 2019

Steel Structures That Breathe: Two Extensively Glazed Buildings That Integrate Natural Ventilation Within Structural Members, Patrick Charles

Building Technology Educator's Society

The paper is a case study of two extensively-glazed steel- framed buildings, Jean Prouvé’s 1957 temporary school in Villejuif, France, and, Müller Verdan Architekten’s 2006 Sporthalle “Gotthelf” in Thun, Switzerland, that integrate natural ventilation within the building structure itself.

Practically, this unique approach enables the designers to provide usually mutually exclusive features, large glass formats and natural ventilation, without incurring the various penalties associated with operating such very heavy elements.

Conceptually, the idea of integrating the ventilation function within structural members goes against the standard orthodoxy consisting of the separation of enclosure systems from skeletal structural systems. This ...


Structures For Relief & Resiliency: Enhancing Creative Applications Of Technical Acumen Through Constrained Conditions, Rob Whitehead Jun 2019

Structures For Relief & Resiliency: Enhancing Creative Applications Of Technical Acumen Through Constrained Conditions, Rob Whitehead

Building Technology Educator's Society

The design of places, objects, and experiential operations are of great importance to the relief, recovery and rebuilding efforts that affect millions of people each year. Proactively designing for these scenarios requires a more than just sensitivity to the vexing nature of the people and their problems. The inter-disciplinary teams that assist in these efforts must be able to translate these activities into solutions that have insights into the structural, material, and construction considerations. Without these qualities, the tangible, useful, and deployable solutions could be marginalized until they become the lowest common denominator of design solutions.

The value of design ...


Big Glue! Testing The Scalability Of Adhesives In Architecture And Design, Emily White, Erik Sapper Jun 2019

Big Glue! Testing The Scalability Of Adhesives In Architecture And Design, Emily White, Erik Sapper

Building Technology Educator's Society

This paper documents the questions, methods and outcomes of “Big Glue,” a research collaboration among students and faculty from Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo’s chemistry and architecture departments that explores the potentials of structural adhesives in architecture and design. The project asks how adhesives can be more broadly used as work increases in size from the scale of models to full-scale construction.

Our focus is on aluminum structures. We looked at existing adhesive use in construction and in the automotive industry, where adhesives are increasingly used on aluminum and aluminum composites to reduce weight and consequently increase fuel efficiencies ...


Energy Use Intensity As A Driver For Building-Envelope Design, Scott Murray Jun 2019

Energy Use Intensity As A Driver For Building-Envelope Design, Scott Murray

Building Technology Educator's Society

As the principal interface between interior and exterior environments, the building envelope plays a primary role in the success or failure of a building’s response to its climate. The design and subsequent performance of building-envelope systems can have significant impacts on the overall energy performance of a building during its lifespan. Design decisions about window-to-wall ratios, the placement and orientation of glazing and shading devices, the components of opaque wall assemblies, and the selection of facade materials, products, and systems each contribute to a building envelope’s performance. To design high-performance enclosures, architects must understand the relationship between these ...


Water And Land In Flux: Pedagogy For Design Innovations That Inhabit Water, Niloufar Emami Jun 2019

Water And Land In Flux: Pedagogy For Design Innovations That Inhabit Water, Niloufar Emami

Building Technology Educator's Society

The Float’n’rise Design Studio encourages a paradigm shift in design by speculating how a partially submerged building can be designed along the Southern Louisiana coast. As the erosion and submersion of terra firma continues, what might the future of a community’s existence look like? If the fact that once-inhabitable ground slowly submerges is assumed, why not construct buildings designed to float on water in the first place? Instead of holding firm to past ground/water conditions, and only raising buildings according to the hundred-year flood level principle, why not embrace a relationship with water as a new ...


Integration + Innovation: Proceedings Of The 2019 Building Technology Educators' Society Conference, Caryn Brause, Peggi Clouston, Naomi Darling Jan 2019

Integration + Innovation: Proceedings Of The 2019 Building Technology Educators' Society Conference, Caryn Brause, Peggi Clouston, Naomi Darling

Building Technology Educator's Society

This volume contains papers, abstracts, and posters from the 2019 Building Technology Educators' Society (BTES) Conference, which focused on Integration and Innovation as the theme. Innovation can begin with conjecture, with a searching for more effective solutions, or with an application to currently unknown or unarticulated needs. Innovation scholarship examines the personal intellectual habits that support new ideas, such as openness and exploratory behavior, as well as the circumstances behind the places in which creativity flourishes, such as support for cross-disciplinary fertilization and access to resources. The 2019 BTES conference explored the role of technology education and curriculum in cultivating ...