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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

A Review Of Integrated Propulsion, Suspension And Guidance Passive Guideway Maglev Technologies, Jonathan Bird Dec 2019

A Review Of Integrated Propulsion, Suspension And Guidance Passive Guideway Maglev Technologies, Jonathan Bird

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper provides a review of integrated propulsion, suspension and guidance maglev technology that use fully passive guideway structures.


Transmission-Scale Battery Energy Storage Systems: A Systematic Literature Review, Kevin Marnell, Manasseh Obi, Robert B. Bass Dec 2019

Transmission-Scale Battery Energy Storage Systems: A Systematic Literature Review, Kevin Marnell, Manasseh Obi, Robert B. Bass

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

When the transmission capacity of an electrical system is insufficient to adequately serve customer demand, the transmission system is said to be experiencing congestion. More transmission lines can be built to increase capacity. However, transmission congestion typically only occurs during periods of peak demand, which occur just a few times per year; capitol-intensive investments in new transmission capacity address problems that occur infrequently. Alternative solutions to alleviated transmission congestion have been devised, including generation curtailment, demand response programs, and various remedial action schema. Though not currently a common solution, battery energy storage systems can also provide transmission congestion relief. Technological ...


Environmental Information Content Of Ocean Ambient Noise, Martin Siderius, John Thomas Gebbie Sep 2019

Environmental Information Content Of Ocean Ambient Noise, Martin Siderius, John Thomas Gebbie

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

In recent years, methods have been developed to estimate a variety of environmental parameters based on measurements of the ocean ambient noise. For example, noise has been used to estimate water depth using the passive fathometer technique and bottom loss estimated and used to invert for seabed parameters. There is also information in the noise about the water column sound speed, volume attenuation, and the sea-state. The Fisher information can be used to quantify the basic information available in the noise measurements and its inverse, the Cramér–Rao lower bound (CRLB), provides the lower limit on the variance of an ...


Introducing Cornerstone Courses Into Electrical And Computer Engineering Curriculum, Branimir Pejcinovic Jul 2019

Introducing Cornerstone Courses Into Electrical And Computer Engineering Curriculum, Branimir Pejcinovic

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Almost all engineering programs have some form of final, culminating design experience, which is typically taught as a senior year capstone design course. Due to ABET requirements these are team and project based. Many programs will also have projects interspersed among required and elective courses, but these tend to be overrepresented in freshman year. We have recently introduced a set of courses during sophomore year that mimic our approach to capstone courses and provide authentic engineering design experience. These so-called cornerstone courses provide scaffolding by introducing all of the components of teamwork and design process but in a less formal ...


A Resource Constrained Shortest Paths Approach To Reducing Personal Pollution Exposure, Elling Payne Jun 2019

A Resource Constrained Shortest Paths Approach To Reducing Personal Pollution Exposure, Elling Payne

REU Final Reports

As wildfires surge in frequency and impact in the Pacific Northwest, in tandem with increasingly traffic-choked roads, personal exposure to harmful airborne pollutants is a rising concern. Particularly at risk are school-age children, especially those living in disadvantaged communities near major motorways and industrial centers. Many of these children must walk to school, and the choice of route can effect exposure. Route-planning applications and frameworks utilizing computational shortest paths methods have been proposed which consider personal exposure with reasonable success, but few have focused on pollution exposure, and all have been limited in scalability or geographic scope. This paper addresses ...


Analyzing Disparities In Ecosystem Services In U.S. Cities: The Relationship Between Tree Cover And Socio-Demographics, Katherine V. Cendrowski Jun 2019

Analyzing Disparities In Ecosystem Services In U.S. Cities: The Relationship Between Tree Cover And Socio-Demographics, Katherine V. Cendrowski

REU Final Reports

It is a generally accepted fact that trees, and vegetation in general, provide many benefits to human beings. What has not been so extensively studied is how those benefits may be distributed across the United States. This research project aims to study that distribution by modeling and analyzing the land use data of US cities and the socio-demographic data available. We are looking specifically at tree cover as presented in the National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD) in order to determine what the general demographics are of those people that live in closer proximity to trees. We are also looking at ...


Board 63: Work In Progress: Adapting Scrum Project Management To Ece Courses, Branimir Pejcinovic, Phillip Wong, Robert B. Bass Jun 2019

Board 63: Work In Progress: Adapting Scrum Project Management To Ece Courses, Branimir Pejcinovic, Phillip Wong, Robert B. Bass

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Scrum is a popular form of Agile project management. Its applications now include diverse areas such as software development, engineering, urban planning, and law. Scrum has also been used in software engineering educational programs, but its use in other engineering education is lagging. Within our electrical and computer engineering program, we introduced Scrum to help students improve their teamwork efficacy in projects and courses. Earlier, we have presented some initial experiences and observations when implementing Scrum in ECE courses. In this paper we will elaborate on how Scrum is applied across different years and how we scaffold student learning. Scrum ...


Evaluation Of Bus-Bicycle And Bus/Right-Turn Traffic Delays And Conflicts, Katherine L. Keeling, Travis B. Glick, Miles Crumley, Miguel A. Figliozzi Jun 2019

Evaluation Of Bus-Bicycle And Bus/Right-Turn Traffic Delays And Conflicts, Katherine L. Keeling, Travis B. Glick, Miles Crumley, Miguel A. Figliozzi

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This research evaluates conflicts and delays caused by interactions among buses, bicycles, and right-turning vehicles at a mixed traffic corridor in Portland, OR. The study site has a near-side bus stop and a right curbside lane designated for buses and right-turning vehicles. Next to the bus/right-turn lane is a bicycle lane with a bicycle box ahead of the bus stop (i.e., between the intersection and the bus stop). This research examines two concerns caused by these overlapping bus, bicycle, and automobile facilities; the first is the number of bus-bicycle conflicts (as a proxy for safety) and the second ...


Electromagnetic Analysis Of A Wind Turbine Magnetic Gearbox, Kang Li, Sina Modaresahmadi, Wesley B. Williams, Jonathan Bird Jun 2019

Electromagnetic Analysis Of A Wind Turbine Magnetic Gearbox, Kang Li, Sina Modaresahmadi, Wesley B. Williams, Jonathan Bird

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The design of the second stage of a 59:1 multi-stage magnetic gearbox for a wind turbine demonstrator is presented. The multi-stage series-connected magnetic gearbox is composed of a 6.45 first stage and 9.14 second stage. A flux-focusing spoke-type rotor typology is used with a unique segmented fully laminated design. The impact of structural design changes is considered with respect to torque density. A new rotor typology is presented that enables the magnetic gearbox to be mechanically assembled first without magnets.


Challenges In Designing A Mentorship Program For Electrical Engineering Freshmen, Branimir Pejcinovic, Melinda Holtzman Mar 2019

Challenges In Designing A Mentorship Program For Electrical Engineering Freshmen, Branimir Pejcinovic, Melinda Holtzman

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This Work in Progress Innovative Practice Paper addresses three challenges we face when teaching freshmen: a) how to present a wide variety of sub-fields in electrical engineering, b) how to establish the relevance of electrical engineering to things they care about, and c) how to relate electrical engineering to students' experiences. We are attempting to address these through a mentorship program involving recent alumni working with teams of freshman electrical engineering students. Mentors are expected to: (i) come to class and speak about their job experience, (ii) meet with their teams early in the term to help them get started ...


Using Homing, Synchronizing And Distinguishing Input Sequences For The Analysis Of Reversible Finite State Machines, Martin Lukac, Michitaka Kameyama, Marek A. Perkowski, Pawel Kerntopf Jan 2019

Using Homing, Synchronizing And Distinguishing Input Sequences For The Analysis Of Reversible Finite State Machines, Martin Lukac, Michitaka Kameyama, Marek A. Perkowski, Pawel Kerntopf

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

A digital device is called reversible if it realizes a reversible mapping, i.e., the one for which there exist a unique inverse. The field of reversible computing is devoted to studying all aspects of using and designing reversible devices. During last 15 years this field has been developing very intensively due to its applications in quantum computing, nanotechnology and reducing power consumption of digital devices. We present an analysis of the Reversible Finite State Machines (RFSM) with respect to three well known sequences used in the testability analysis of the classical Finite State Machines (FSM). The homing, distinguishing and ...


Aggregation Of Residential Water Heaters For Peak Shifting And Frequency Response Services, Thomas Leighton Clarke, Tylor Slay, Robert B. Bass, Conrad Eustis Jan 2019

Aggregation Of Residential Water Heaters For Peak Shifting And Frequency Response Services, Thomas Leighton Clarke, Tylor Slay, Robert B. Bass, Conrad Eustis

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The increased penetration of renewable energy resources poses challenges for grid stability. The stochastic generation of solar and wind power cannot be controlled to follow load. And, the transition away from synchronous generators is reducing the capacity to arrest and recover from frequency disturbances. Smart electric water heaters provide utilities with an appliance that can be remotely controlled and serve as a form of energy storage. They have very fast response times and make up a large amount of residential energy consumption, making them useful for load peak shifting as well as other ancillary grid services. As smart appliances become ...


A High Torque Density Halbach Rotor Coaxial Magnetic Gear, Ho Yin Wong, Jonathan Z. Bird, David Barnett, Wesley Williams Jan 2019

A High Torque Density Halbach Rotor Coaxial Magnetic Gear, Ho Yin Wong, Jonathan Z. Bird, David Barnett, Wesley Williams

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper presents the design, analysis, and experimental testing results for a 5.67:1 Halbach rotor magnetic gearbox with a ferromagnetic back support. Using 3-D finite element analysis software the Halbach magnetic gearbox was calculated to achieve a volumetric torque density of 284N·m/L with only an active region outer diameter of 120mm. The experimental prototype obtained an active region volumetric torque density of 261.4N·m/L


Machine-Learning Based Three-Qubit Gate For Realization Of A Toffoli Gate With Cqed-Based Transmon Systems, Sahar Daraeizadeh, Shavindra Premaratne, Xiaoyu Song, Marek A. Perkowski, Anne Y. Matsuura Jan 2019

Machine-Learning Based Three-Qubit Gate For Realization Of A Toffoli Gate With Cqed-Based Transmon Systems, Sahar Daraeizadeh, Shavindra Premaratne, Xiaoyu Song, Marek A. Perkowski, Anne Y. Matsuura

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

We use machine learning techniques to design a 50 ns three-qubit flux-tunable controlled-controlled-phase gate with fidelity of >99.99% for nearest-neighbor coupled transmons in circuit quantum electrodynamics architectures. We explain our gate design procedure where we enforce realistic constraints, and analyze the new gate’s robustness under decoherence, distortion, and random noise. Our controlled-controlled phase gate in combination with two single-qubit gates realizes a Toffoli gate which is widely used in quantum circuits, logic synthesis, quantum error correction, and quantum games.