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2019

Missouri University of Science and Technology

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Articles 61 - 90 of 289

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

A Genetic Algorithm For Minmax K-Chinese Postman Problem With Applications To Bridge Inspection, Siming Liu, Sushil J. Liu, N. Harris, Hung Manh La Aug 2019

A Genetic Algorithm For Minmax K-Chinese Postman Problem With Applications To Bridge Inspection, Siming Liu, Sushil J. Liu, N. Harris, Hung Manh La

INSPIRE-UTC Annual Meetings

Bridge inspections ensure transportation infrastructure safety and save lives but current manual bridge inspections can be slow and costly. Automated bridge inspection research mitigates these problems and we investigate a multirobot approach to automated bridge inspection by mapping the inspection problem to the well known k-Chinese Postman problem and using multiple robots for faster, more cost-effective, and more standardized bridge inspections. We first show that a genetic algorithm quickly approaches the optimal solution to the 1-postman problem corresponding to a single robot inspecting a bridge. Then, we use the same genetic algorithm to efficiently solve the more difficult, multi-robot, NP-hard ...


Unmanned Aerial And Traversing Robot As Mobile Platform For Bridge Inspections, Alec M. Reven, Clayton A. Fritsche, Genda Chen Aug 2019

Unmanned Aerial And Traversing Robot As Mobile Platform For Bridge Inspections, Alec M. Reven, Clayton A. Fritsche, Genda Chen

INSPIRE-UTC Annual Meetings

In this study, a bridge inspection robot deployment system (BIRDS) is designed, prototyped, and tested to facilitate the remote inspection of bridges with nondestructive evaluation tools such as microwave and hyperspectral cameras. The multimodal robotic system utilizes both flying and driving technologies. First, BIRDS as an unmanned aerial vehicle flies to the underside of the bridge to be inspected. When in position, BIRDS is engaged with the bottom flange of a bridge girder with a specifically designed roller clamping system and then traverses the bridge in a stable manner, providing high quality images from cameras. Finally, BIRDS simply detaches from ...


9th International Conference On Structural Health Monitoring Of Intelligent Infrastructure (Smhii-9) Conference Program, Smhii-9 Aug 2019

9th International Conference On Structural Health Monitoring Of Intelligent Infrastructure (Smhii-9) Conference Program, Smhii-9

INSPIRE-UTC Annual Meetings

No abstract provided.


Joint Manufacturing And Onsite Microgrid System Control Using Markov Decision Process And Neural Network Integrated Reinforcement Learning, Wenqing Hu, Zeyi Sun, Y. Zhang, Y. Li Aug 2019

Joint Manufacturing And Onsite Microgrid System Control Using Markov Decision Process And Neural Network Integrated Reinforcement Learning, Wenqing Hu, Zeyi Sun, Y. Zhang, Y. Li

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Onsite microgrid generation systems with renewable sources are considered a promising complementary energy supply system for manufacturing plant, especially when outage occurs during which the energy supplied from the grid is not available. Compared to the widely recognized benefits in terms of the resilience improvement when it is used as a backup energy system, the operation along with the electricity grid to support the manufacturing operations in non-emergent mode has been less investigated. In this paper, we propose a joint dynamic decision-making model for the optimal control for both manufacturing system and onsite generation system. Markov Decision Process (MDP) is ...


Novel Coupling Smart Water-Co₂ Flooding For Sandstone Reservoirs, Hasan N. Al-Saedi, Ralph E. Flori Aug 2019

Novel Coupling Smart Water-Co₂ Flooding For Sandstone Reservoirs, Hasan N. Al-Saedi, Ralph E. Flori

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

CO2 flooding is an environmentally friendly and cost-effective EOR technique that can be used to unlock residual oil from oil reservoirs. Smart water is any water that is engineered by manipulating the ionic composition, regardless of the resulting salinity of the water. One CO2 flooding mechanism is wettability alteration, which meets with the main smart water flooding function. Injecting CO2 alone increases the likelihood of an early breakthrough and gravity override problems, which have already been solved using water-alternating-gas (WAG) using regular water. WAG is an emerging enhanced oil recovery process designed to enhance sweep efficiency during gas ...


Probing Surface Characteristics Of Rare Earth Minerals Using Contact Angle Measurements, Atomic Force Microscopy, And Inverse Gas Chromatography, Mostafa Khodakarami, Lana Z. Alagha, Daniel J. Burnett Aug 2019

Probing Surface Characteristics Of Rare Earth Minerals Using Contact Angle Measurements, Atomic Force Microscopy, And Inverse Gas Chromatography, Mostafa Khodakarami, Lana Z. Alagha, Daniel J. Burnett

Mining Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Rare earth minerals (REMs) such as bastnaesite, monazite, and xenotime are of considerable significance since they are the main commercial sources for rare earth elements (REEs) with cutting-edge applications. Fundamental understanding of surface properties of REMs is essential to identify the reactions taking place at different interfaces to develop more robust technologies for the recovery of REEs. The goal of this study is to provide a comprehensive investigation on the surface energy characteristics of bastnaesite and xenotime, as the primary sources of light and heavy rare earth elements, respectively. Crystal's orientation of REMs was identified using surface X-ray diffraction ...


Developing High Performance Magnesium Phosphate Cement Composite Bipolar Plates For Fuel Cells, Wenbin Hao, Hongyan Ma, Guoxing Sun, Zongjin Li Aug 2019

Developing High Performance Magnesium Phosphate Cement Composite Bipolar Plates For Fuel Cells, Wenbin Hao, Hongyan Ma, Guoxing Sun, Zongjin Li

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this work, we report a comprehensive study on developing high performance magnesium phosphate cement (MPC) composite bipolar plates for fuel cells. The MPC composite bipolar plates composed of MPC with partial replacement of fly ash as the binding matrix phase and multiple carbon-based materials (including graphite, carbon fiber and multi-walled carbon nanotubes) as the conductive phase. A simple hot-press process was applied to produce the MPC composite. After the optimization on the formula and the structure of the MPC composite and the processing parameters, all the US DOE 2015 technical targets, including electrical conductivity, flexural strength, corrosion resistance were ...


A Displacement Controlled Fatigue Test Method For Additively Manufactured Materials, Mohammad Masud Parvez, Yitao Chen, Sreekar Karnati, Connor Coward, Joseph William Newkirk, Frank W. Liou Aug 2019

A Displacement Controlled Fatigue Test Method For Additively Manufactured Materials, Mohammad Masud Parvez, Yitao Chen, Sreekar Karnati, Connor Coward, Joseph William Newkirk, Frank W. Liou

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A novel adaptive displacement-controlled test setup was developed for fatigue testing on mini specimens. In property characterization of additive manufacturing materials, mini specimens are preferred due to the specimen preparation, and manufacturing cost but mini specimens demonstrate higher fatigue strength than standard specimens due to the lower probability of material defects resulting in fatigue. In this study, a dual gauge section Krouse type mini specimen was designed to conduct fatigue tests on additively manufactured materials. The large surface area of the specimen with a constant stress distribution and increased control volume as the gauge section may capture all different types ...


Action Recognition In Manufacturing Assembly Using Multimodal Sensor Fusion, Md. Al-Amin, Wenjin Tao, David Doell, Ravon Lingard, Zhaozheng Yin, Ming-Chuan Leu, Ruwen Qin Aug 2019

Action Recognition In Manufacturing Assembly Using Multimodal Sensor Fusion, Md. Al-Amin, Wenjin Tao, David Doell, Ravon Lingard, Zhaozheng Yin, Ming-Chuan Leu, Ruwen Qin

Computer Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

Production innovations are occurring faster than ever. Manufacturing workers thus need to frequently learn new methods and skills. In fast changing, largely uncertain production systems, manufacturers with the ability to comprehend workers' behavior and assess their operation performance in near real-time will achieve better performance than peers. Action recognition can serve this purpose. Despite that human action recognition has been an active field of study in machine learning, limited work has been done for recognizing worker actions in performing manufacturing tasks that involve complex, intricate operations. Using data captured by one sensor or a single type of sensor to recognize ...


Remote Sensing Of Explosives-Induced Stress In Plants: Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis For Remote Detection Of Unexploded Threats, Paul V. Manley, Vasit Sagan, Felix B. Fritschi, Joel Gerard Burken Aug 2019

Remote Sensing Of Explosives-Induced Stress In Plants: Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis For Remote Detection Of Unexploded Threats, Paul V. Manley, Vasit Sagan, Felix B. Fritschi, Joel Gerard Burken

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Explosives contaminate millions of hectares from various sources (partial detonations, improper storage, and release from production and transport) that can be life-threatening, e.g., landmines and unexploded ordnance. Exposure to and uptake of explosives can also negatively impact plant health, and these factors can be can be remotely sensed. Stress induction was remotely sensed via a whole-plant hyperspectral imaging system as two genotypes of Zea mays, a drought-susceptible hybrid and a drought-tolerant hybrid, and a forage Sorghum bicolor were grown in a greenhouse with one control group, one group maintained at 60% soil field capacity, and a third exposed to ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of AlₓCrcufeni₂ High-Entropy Alloys Coatings By Laser Metal Deposition, Wenyuan Cui, Xinchang Zhang, Lan Li, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Frank W. Liou Aug 2019

Fabrication And Characterization Of AlₓCrcufeni₂ High-Entropy Alloys Coatings By Laser Metal Deposition, Wenyuan Cui, Xinchang Zhang, Lan Li, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

High-entropy alloys (HEAs) are becoming new hot spots in the metallic materials community, which are defined to contain equiatomic or close-to-equiatomic compositions. HEAs can possess many interesting mechanical properties, and in particular, they have the great potential to be used as coating materials requiring high hardness and wear resistance. In this study, the feasibility of fabrication AlₓCrCuFeNi₂ (x=0,0.75) HEAs was investigated via laser metal deposition from elemental powders. The microstructure, phase structure, and hardness were studied by an optical microscope, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS), electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and Vickers hardness tester ...


A Framework Of Integrating Manufacturing Plants In Smart Grid Operation: Manufacturing Flexible Load Identification, Md. Monirul Islam, Zeyi Sun, Wenqing Hu, Cihan H. Dagli Aug 2019

A Framework Of Integrating Manufacturing Plants In Smart Grid Operation: Manufacturing Flexible Load Identification, Md. Monirul Islam, Zeyi Sun, Wenqing Hu, Cihan H. Dagli

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In the deregulated electricity markets run by Independent System Operator (ISO), a two-settlement (day-ahead and real-time) process is typically used to determine the electricity price to the end-use customers at different buses. In the day-ahead settlement, the demand is predicted at each bus based on the previous consumption behavior of the consumers and thus, Locational Marginal Price (LMP) can be determined and shared to the consumers. A significant gap is usually observed between the planned and real-time demands due to the uncertainties of the weather (temperature, wind-speed etc.), the intensity of business, and everyday activities. Therefore, a large price variation ...


Preface, Cihan H. Dagli, Gursel A. Suer Aug 2019

Preface, Cihan H. Dagli, Gursel A. Suer

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


System Of Systems (Sos) Architecture For Digital Manufacturing Cybersecurity, Lirim Ashiku, Cihan H. Dagli Aug 2019

System Of Systems (Sos) Architecture For Digital Manufacturing Cybersecurity, Lirim Ashiku, Cihan H. Dagli

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Technology advancements of real time connectivity and computing powers has evolved the way people manage activities triggering heavy reliance on smart devices. This has reshaped the ability to memorize crucial information, instead accumulate the information into devices allowing real-time fingertip access when needed. Inability to access such information when needed is routinely assumed with device malfunctioning bypassing the probability of compromise, but what if the information is now being accessed by adversaries depriving the data-owner access to crucial information? Cyber manufacturing systems are not immune from these issues. It is possible to approach this problem as generating SoS meta-architecture. In ...


Predictive Model For Thermal And Stress Field In Selective Laser Melting Process -- Part Ii, Lan Li, Lei Yan, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Xinchang Zhang, Wenyuan Cui, Aaron Flood, Frank W. Liou Aug 2019

Predictive Model For Thermal And Stress Field In Selective Laser Melting Process -- Part Ii, Lan Li, Lei Yan, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Xinchang Zhang, Wenyuan Cui, Aaron Flood, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is used to predict the transient thermal cycle and optimize process parameters to analyze these effects on deformation and residual stresses. However, the process of predicting the thermal history in this process with the FEA method is usually time-consuming, especially for large-scale parts. In this paper, an effective predictive model of part deformation and residual stress was developed for accurately predicting deformation and residual stresses in large-scale parts. An equivalent body heat flux proposed from the single layer laser scan model was imported as the thermal load to the layer by layer model. The hatched layer ...


Predictive Model For Thermal And Stress Field In Selective Laser Melting Process -- Part I, Lan Li, Lei Yan, Wenyuan Cui, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Xinchang Zhang, Aaron Flood, Frank W. Liou Aug 2019

Predictive Model For Thermal And Stress Field In Selective Laser Melting Process -- Part I, Lan Li, Lei Yan, Wenyuan Cui, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Xinchang Zhang, Aaron Flood, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

During the part forming in laser powder bed fusion process, thermal distortion is one big problem due to the thermal stress which is caused by the high cooling rate and temperature gradient. Therefore, it is important to know the effect of process parameters on thermal and stress evolution in the melt zone. In this paper, a 3D finite element model for Selective Laser Melting (SLM) process based on sequentially coupled thermo-mechanical field analysis was developed for accurately predicting thermal history and surface features, like distortion and residual stress. Temperature dependent material properties for performed material 304L stainless steel are incorporated ...


Cyber-Enabled Product Lifecycle Management: A Multi-Agent Framework, Vishwa V. Kumar, Avimanyu Sahoo, Frank W. Liou Aug 2019

Cyber-Enabled Product Lifecycle Management: A Multi-Agent Framework, Vishwa V. Kumar, Avimanyu Sahoo, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Trouble free use of a product and its associated services for a specified minimum period of time is a major factor to win the customer's trust in the product. Rapid and easy serviceability to maintain its functionalities plays a key role in achieving this goal. However, the sustainability of such a model cannot be promised unless the current health status of the product is monitored and condition-based maintenance is exercised. Internet of Things (IoT), an important connectivity paradigm of recent times, which connects physical objects to the internet for real-time information exchange and execution of physical actions via wired ...


Braze For Ceramic And Ceramic Matrix Composite Components, Sean E. Landwehr, Scott Nelson, Jeremy Lee Watts, Greg Hilmas, William Fahrenholtz, Derek Scott King Jul 2019

Braze For Ceramic And Ceramic Matrix Composite Components, Sean E. Landwehr, Scott Nelson, Jeremy Lee Watts, Greg Hilmas, William Fahrenholtz, Derek Scott King

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In some examples, a technique may include positioning a first part comprising a ceramic or ceramic matrix composite and a second part comprising a ceramic or a CMC adjacent to each other to define a joint region at the interface of the first part and the second part. In some examples, the joint region may be heated using at least one of a laser or a plasma arc source to heat the joint region to an elevated temperature. The first and second parts may be pressed together and cooled to join the first and second parts at the joint region ...


Distributed Energy Storage System, Jonghyun Park, Mohammed Abdulkhabeer Al-Yasiri Jul 2019

Distributed Energy Storage System, Jonghyun Park, Mohammed Abdulkhabeer Al-Yasiri

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

An energy storage system reaction cell configured for distribution throughout a transport system. The length of the reaction cell is substantially greater than its width and is looped throughout the transport system in a serpentine configuration. A membrane within the reaction cell has a length substantially equal to the length of the reaction cell such that surface area of the membrane is maximized relative to volume of the reaction cell to increase electrical power provided to an electrical load of the transport system.


Microwave Reflectometry For Physical Inspections, Mohammad Tayeb Ahmad Ghasr, R. Zoughi, Satyajeet Shinde, Sasi Jothibasu Jul 2019

Microwave Reflectometry For Physical Inspections, Mohammad Tayeb Ahmad Ghasr, R. Zoughi, Satyajeet Shinde, Sasi Jothibasu

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Utilizing microwave reflections to compare a reference device with counterfeit and/or aging devices under test. The reflection from the device under test varies based on certain properties, which results in each device having a unique and intrinsic electromagnetic signature. Comparisons of the electromagnetic signature of the device under test to the electromagnetic signature of a reference device enable evaluating the acceptability of the device under test.


Methods Of Use And Manufacture Of Silver-Doped, Nano-Porous Hydroxyapatite, Cheol-Woon Kim, Richard K. Brow Jul 2019

Methods Of Use And Manufacture Of Silver-Doped, Nano-Porous Hydroxyapatite, Cheol-Woon Kim, Richard K. Brow

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

A silver-doped, nano-porous hydroxyapatite material is provided that can be utilized to capture radioactive iodine, 129I. Methods of using the silver-doped, nano-porous hydroxyapatite material to remove radioactive iodine, and methods of manufacturing the material are also provided.


Adhesion Of Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbides (Mxenes) And Graphene To Silicon, Yanxiao Li, Shuohan Huang, Congjie Wei, Chenglin Wu, Vadym Mochalin Jul 2019

Adhesion Of Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbides (Mxenes) And Graphene To Silicon, Yanxiao Li, Shuohan Huang, Congjie Wei, Chenglin Wu, Vadym Mochalin

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Two-dimensional transition metal carbides (MXenes) have attracted a great interest of the research community as a relatively recently discovered large class of materials with unique electronic and optical properties. Understanding of adhesion between MXenes and various substrates is critically important for MXene device fabrication and performance. We report results of direct atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements of adhesion of two MXenes (Ti3C2Tx and Ti2CTx) with a SiO2 coated Si spherical tip. The Maugis-Dugdale theory was applied to convert the AFM measured adhesion force to adhesion energy, while taking into account surface ...


Load Distribution Of A Prestressed Self-Consolidating Concrete Bridge, Eli S. Hernandez, John J. Myers Jul 2019

Load Distribution Of A Prestressed Self-Consolidating Concrete Bridge, Eli S. Hernandez, John J. Myers

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Bridge A7957 is the first Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT) large-scale project using self-consolidating concrete (SCC) and high-strength self-consolidating concrete (HS-SCC). The objective of this research was to monitor the initial in-service behavior of the precast-prestressed concrete primary elements of Bridge A7957 and to obtain the load distribution of the bridge using field and finite element models (FEM) data. An initial series of diagnostic load tests was conducted on the bridge superstructure. Embedded sensors recorded strain variations at different section of the instrumented girders for different load configurations. An automated total station (ATS) collected the vertical deflection of the girders ...


Distributed Fiber-Optic Pressure Sensor Based On Bourdon Tubes Metered By Optical Frequency-Domain Reflectometry, Chen Zhu, Yiyang Zhuang, Yizhen Chen, Rex E. Gerald Ii, Jie Huang Jul 2019

Distributed Fiber-Optic Pressure Sensor Based On Bourdon Tubes Metered By Optical Frequency-Domain Reflectometry, Chen Zhu, Yiyang Zhuang, Yizhen Chen, Rex E. Gerald Ii, Jie Huang

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report a distributed fiber-optic pressure sensor based on Bourdon tubes using Rayleigh backscattering metered by optical frequency-domain reflectometry (OFDR). In the proposed sensor, a piece of single-mode fiber (SMF) is attached to the concave surfaces of Bourdon tubes using a thin layer of epoxy. The strain profiles along the concave surface of the Bourdon tube vary with applied pressure, and the strain variations are transferred to the attached SMF through the epoxy layer, resulting in spectral shifts in the local Rayleigh backscattering signals. By monitoring the local spectral shifts of the OFDR system, the pressure applied to the Bourdon ...


Study On Safety Control Of Composite Roof In Deep Roadway Based On Energy Balance Theory, Zhengzheng Xie, Nong Zhang, Yuxin Yuan, Guang Xu, Qun Wei Jul 2019

Study On Safety Control Of Composite Roof In Deep Roadway Based On Energy Balance Theory, Zhengzheng Xie, Nong Zhang, Yuxin Yuan, Guang Xu, Qun Wei

Mining Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Improving the safety and stability of composite roof in deep roadway is the strong guarantee for safe mining and sustainable development of coal mines. With three roadways of different composite roofs in Hulusu Coal Mine and Menkeqing Coal Mine as the research background, this paper explores the mechanical properties and energy dissipation law of coal-rock structures with different height ratios from the perspective of energy release and dissipation through lab experiments. The results indicate that the key to the stability of coal-rock structures lies in maintaining relatively low dissipation energy. Based on experimental results and the energy balance theory, two ...


The Blue Emission At 2.8 Ev In Strontium Titanate: Evidence For A Radiative Transition Of Self-Trapped Excitons From Unbound States, Miguel L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Fernando Agullo-Lopez, Y. Zhang, William J. Weber Jul 2019

The Blue Emission At 2.8 Ev In Strontium Titanate: Evidence For A Radiative Transition Of Self-Trapped Excitons From Unbound States, Miguel L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Fernando Agullo-Lopez, Y. Zhang, William J. Weber

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

The origin of the blue emission in SrTiO3 has been investigated as a function of irradiation fluence, electronic excitation density, and temperature using a range of ion energies and masses. The emission clearly does not show correlation with the concentration of vacancies generated by irradiation but is greatly enhanced under heavy-ion irradiation. The intensity ratio of the 2.8 and 2.5 eV bands is independent of fluence at all temperatures, but it increases with excitation rate. The 2.8 eV emission is proposed to correspond to a transition from conduction band states to the ground state level of ...


Notes On The Economics Of Residential Hybrid Energy System, Mahelet G. Fikru, Gregory M. Gelles, Ana M. Ichim, Joseph D. Smith Jul 2019

Notes On The Economics Of Residential Hybrid Energy System, Mahelet G. Fikru, Gregory M. Gelles, Ana M. Ichim, Joseph D. Smith

Economics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Despite advances in small-scale hybrid renewable energy technologies, there are limited economic frameworks that model the different decisions made by a residential hybrid system owner. We present a comprehensive review of studies that examine the techno-economic feasibility of small-scale hybrid energy systems, and we find that the most common approach is to compare the annualized life-time costs to the expected energy output and choose the system with the lowest cost per output. While practical, this type of benefit—cost analysis misses out on other production and consumption decisions that are simultaneously made when adopting a hybrid energy system. In this ...


Advanced Measurement Techniques For Enabling Multiphase Reactors And Flow Systems For Sustainable And Cleaner Processes, Muthanna H. Al-Dahhan Jul 2019

Advanced Measurement Techniques For Enabling Multiphase Reactors And Flow Systems For Sustainable And Cleaner Processes, Muthanna H. Al-Dahhan

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Experimental Investigation Of Environmentally Friendly Drilling Fluid Additives (Mandarin Peels Powder) To Substitute The Conventional Chemicals Used In Water-Based Drilling Fluid, Abo Taleb T. Al-Hameedi, Husam H. Alkinani, Shari Dunn-Norman, Mustafa A. Al-Alwani, Abdullah F. Alshammari, Mohammed M. Alkhamis, Rusul A. Mutar, Waleed H. Al-Bazzaz Jul 2019

Experimental Investigation Of Environmentally Friendly Drilling Fluid Additives (Mandarin Peels Powder) To Substitute The Conventional Chemicals Used In Water-Based Drilling Fluid, Abo Taleb T. Al-Hameedi, Husam H. Alkinani, Shari Dunn-Norman, Mustafa A. Al-Alwani, Abdullah F. Alshammari, Mohammed M. Alkhamis, Rusul A. Mutar, Waleed H. Al-Bazzaz

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The non-biodegradable additives used in controlling drilling fluid properties cause harm to the environment and personal safety. Thus, there is a need for alternative drilling fluid additives to reduce the amount of non-biodegradable waste disposed to the environment. This work investigates the potential of using mandarin peels powder (MPP), a food waste product, as a new environmentally friendly drilling fluid additive. A complete set of tests were conducted to recognize the impact of MPP on the drilling fluid properties. The results of MPP were compared to low viscosity polyanionic cellulose (PAC-LV), commonly used chemical additive for the drilling fluid. The ...


Spatially Continuous Strain Monitoring Using Distributed Fiber Optic Sensors Embedded In Carbon Fiber Composites, Sasi Jothibasu, Yang Du, Sudharshan Anandan, Gurjot S. Dhaliwal, Rex E. Gerald Ii, Steve Eugene Watkins, K. Chandrashekhara, Jie Huang Jul 2019

Spatially Continuous Strain Monitoring Using Distributed Fiber Optic Sensors Embedded In Carbon Fiber Composites, Sasi Jothibasu, Yang Du, Sudharshan Anandan, Gurjot S. Dhaliwal, Rex E. Gerald Ii, Steve Eugene Watkins, K. Chandrashekhara, Jie Huang

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A distributed fiber optic strain sensor based on Rayleigh backscattering, embedded in a fiber-reinforced polymer composite, has been demonstrated. The optical frequency domain reflectometry technique is used to analyze the backscattered signal. The shift in the Rayleigh backscattered spectrum is observed to be linearly related to the change in strain of the composite material. The sensor (standard single-mode fiber) is embedded between the layers of the composite laminate. A series of tensile loads is applied to the laminate using an Instron testing machine, and the corresponding strain distribution of the laminate is measured. The results show a linear response indicating ...