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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Methods Of Use And Manufacture Of Silver-Doped, Nano-Porous Hydroxyapatite, Cheol-Woon Kim, Richard K. Brow Jul 2019

Methods Of Use And Manufacture Of Silver-Doped, Nano-Porous Hydroxyapatite, Cheol-Woon Kim, Richard K. Brow

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

A silver-doped, nano-porous hydroxyapatite material is provided that can be utilized to capture radioactive iodine, 129I. Methods of using the silver-doped, nano-porous hydroxyapatite material to remove radioactive iodine, and methods of manufacturing the material are also provided.


The Blue Emission At 2.8 Ev In Strontium Titanate: Evidence For A Radiative Transition Of Self-Trapped Excitons From Unbound States, Miguel L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Fernando Agullo-Lopez, Y. Zhang, William J. Weber Jul 2019

The Blue Emission At 2.8 Ev In Strontium Titanate: Evidence For A Radiative Transition Of Self-Trapped Excitons From Unbound States, Miguel L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Fernando Agullo-Lopez, Y. Zhang, William J. Weber

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

The origin of the blue emission in SrTiO3 has been investigated as a function of irradiation fluence, electronic excitation density, and temperature using a range of ion energies and masses. The emission clearly does not show correlation with the concentration of vacancies generated by irradiation but is greatly enhanced under heavy-ion irradiation. The intensity ratio of the 2.8 and 2.5 eV bands is independent of fluence at all temperatures, but it increases with excitation rate. The 2.8 eV emission is proposed to correspond to a transition from conduction band states to the ground state level of ...


Achieving High-Power Configuration In Missouri S&T Reactor (Mstr) For Potential Uprate, Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo Jun 2019

Achieving High-Power Configuration In Missouri S&T Reactor (Mstr) For Potential Uprate, Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

Research reactor is a powerful tool because of its wide contribution, almost to each field of science. It’s considered to be an essential element for advancing research, development and improvement in nuclear industry. The main goal of research reactor is to produce neutrons which are beneficially used for a wide range of applications such as industrial, agricultural, medical, etc. Neutron spectrum impact it uses. Commonly, neutrons with low energy level, up to 0.5 eV, called thermal neutrons where neutrons with intermediate energy level, ranging from 0.5 eV to 0.10 MeV, called epithermal "resonance" neutrons and neutron ...


Low-Power Core Reconfiguration For Missouri S&T Reactor (Mstr), Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo Jun 2019

Low-Power Core Reconfiguration For Missouri S&T Reactor (Mstr), Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

The Missouri University of Sciences and Technology Reactor (MSTR) is pool-type research reactor which operates up to 200 kilowatt (kW). MSTR used for training and educating nuclear engineering students at Missouri S&T. A several of nuclear researches and irradiation experiments have been conducted in MSTR for example, neutron activation analysis (NAA), neutron radiography, radiolysis, image processing, etc. MSTR initial criticality took place on December 9, 1961. The first power level that MSTR operates at, was 10 kW. The power level alongside the core configuration was upgraded to the current ones, see Fig. 1. MSTR used light-water for moderation and ...


Calculation And Tabulation Of Efficiencies For Tungsten Foil Positron Moderators, R. Alsulami, M. Albarqi, S. Jaradat, Shoaib Usman, Joseph T. Graham May 2019

Calculation And Tabulation Of Efficiencies For Tungsten Foil Positron Moderators, R. Alsulami, M. Albarqi, S. Jaradat, Shoaib Usman, Joseph T. Graham

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

Monte Carlo radiation transport simulations were used to calculate the positron stopping profiles in tungsten positron moderator foils. Stopping profiles were numerically integrated with efficiency kernels derived from Green's function solutions of the 3D diffusion equation to determine the moderation efficiency in both the backscattering and transmission geometries. Stopping profiles and efficiencies were calculated for positron energies from 10 keV to 10 MeV and incident angles from 0° to 75°. The resulting efficiencies agreed with other calculated and measured values in the literature, especially when similar values of the positron diffusion length and surface emission branching ratio were used ...


Recent Advances On Carrier And Exciton Self-Trapping In Strontium Titanate: Understanding The Luminescence Emissions, Miguel L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Fernando Agullo-Lopez, Yanwen Zhang, William J. Weber Feb 2019

Recent Advances On Carrier And Exciton Self-Trapping In Strontium Titanate: Understanding The Luminescence Emissions, Miguel L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Fernando Agullo-Lopez, Yanwen Zhang, William J. Weber

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

An up-to-date review on recent results for self-trapping of free electrons and holes, as well as excitons, in strontium titanate (STO), which gives rise to small polarons and self-trapped excitons (STEs) is presented. Special attention is paid to the role of carrier and exciton self-trapping on the luminescence emissions under a variety of excitation sources with special emphasis on experiments with laser pulses and energetic ion-beams. In spite of the extensive research effort, a definitive identification of such localized states, as well as a suitable understanding of their operative light emission mechanisms, has remained lacking or controversial. However, promising advances ...