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2019

Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

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Articles 31 - 60 of 227

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Extreme-Point Tabu Search Heuristics For Fixed-Charge Generalized Network Problems, Angelika Leskovskaya Aug 2019

Extreme-Point Tabu Search Heuristics For Fixed-Charge Generalized Network Problems, Angelika Leskovskaya

Engineering Management, Information, and Systems Research Theses and Dissertations

While researchers have studied generalized network flow problems extensively, the powerful addition of fixed charges on arcs has received scant attention. This work describes network-simplex-based algorithms that efficiently exploit the quasi-tree basis structure of the problem relaxations, proposes heuristics that utilize a candidate list, a tabu search with short and intermediate term memories to do the local search, a diversification approach to solve fixed-charge transportation problems, as well as a dynamic linearization of objective function extension for the transshipment fixed-charge generalized problems. Computational testings for both heuristics demonstrate their effectiveness in terms of speed and quality of solutions to these ...


Design Thinking: An Approach With Various Perceptions, Sanne Bouwman, Jesper Voorendt, Boris Eisenbart, Seda Mckilligan Aug 2019

Design Thinking: An Approach With Various Perceptions, Sanne Bouwman, Jesper Voorendt, Boris Eisenbart, Seda Mckilligan

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Design Thinking has become increasingly popular across different disciplines. However, what it exactly entails is becoming more and more vague, leading to the term being used for many different approaches and applications. This paper presents an interview study with experts on the application and training of Design Thinking in academia and industry. We find a divide with some seeing Design Thinking as a mere toolbox of methods, while others see it as an umbrella term for the mindset that determines how designers think and act. Subjects unanimously attest the approach large potential to support certain types of businesses, when applied ...


Monitoring Activity And Climate Impact In Market Hogs With Activity Ball, Brad Aronson, Eli Sents, Kyle Wenck, Derek Yegge, Joseph R. Vanstrom, Jacek A. Koziel, Steven Hoff, Brett Ramirez Aug 2019

Monitoring Activity And Climate Impact In Market Hogs With Activity Ball, Brad Aronson, Eli Sents, Kyle Wenck, Derek Yegge, Joseph R. Vanstrom, Jacek A. Koziel, Steven Hoff, Brett Ramirez

Brett Ramirez

Prairie Systems is a web-based data management provider, primarily servicing the swine industry. Their products include the Feed Allocation System, which helps producers manage feed inputs, Smart Order, which helps feed manufacturers and distributors manage feed order fulfillment, and LeeO, which tracks individual animals through RFID technologies. Prairie Systems’ line of products is implementing precision agriculture practices into the livestock industry.

To help producers better manage their operations, Prairie Systems is seeking to gain a better understanding of the daily activity of market hogs. To do this, we were tasked with designing and fabricating a container to collect activity data ...


Automated Finishing Pig Feeder Adjustment, Ryan Godfredsen, Kelley Mabeus, Michael Meyer, Brett C. Ramirez, Shweta Chopra, Jacek A. Koziel Aug 2019

Automated Finishing Pig Feeder Adjustment, Ryan Godfredsen, Kelley Mabeus, Michael Meyer, Brett C. Ramirez, Shweta Chopra, Jacek A. Koziel

Brett Ramirez

Feed costs in the swine industry are typically 60-70% of the total swine production costs. Feeder adjustment is used to decrease feed costs. When feeders are properly adjusted, the growth rate can be improved while the wasted feed is minimized. Currently, feeders are manually monitored and adjusted by daily caretaker inspection, which is very laborious. Automated adjustment would reduce labor need and allow for the integration of precision management in the future.


Evaluating Machine Learning Performance In Predicting Injury Severity In Agribusiness Industries, Fatemeh Davoudi Kakhki, Steven A. Freeman, Gretchen A. Mosher Aug 2019

Evaluating Machine Learning Performance In Predicting Injury Severity In Agribusiness Industries, Fatemeh Davoudi Kakhki, Steven A. Freeman, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Although machine learning methods have been used as an outcome prediction tool in many fields, their utilization in predicting incident outcome in occupational safety is relatively new. This study tests the performance of machine learning techniques in modeling and predicting occupational incidents severity with respect to accessible information of injured workers in agribusiness industries using workers’ compensation claims. More than 33,000 incidents within agribusiness industries in the Midwest of the United States for 2008–2016 were analyzed. The total cost of incidents was extracted and classified from workers’ compensation claims. Supervised machine learning algorithms for classification (support vector machines ...


Optimizing Ensemble Weights For Machine Learning Models: A Case Study For Housing Price Prediction, Mohsen Shahhosseini, Guiping Hu, Hieu Pham Jul 2019

Optimizing Ensemble Weights For Machine Learning Models: A Case Study For Housing Price Prediction, Mohsen Shahhosseini, Guiping Hu, Hieu Pham

Guiping Hu

Designing ensemble learners has been recognized as one of the significant trends in the field of data knowledge especially in data science competitions. Building models that are able to outperform all individual models in terms of bias, which is the error due to the difference in the average model predictions and actual values, and variance, which is the variability of model predictions, has been the main goal of the studies in this area. An optimization model has been proposed in this paper to design ensembles that try to minimize bias and variance of predictions. Focusing on service sciences, two well-known ...


Optimizing Ensemble Weights For Machine Learning Models: A Case Study For Housing Price Prediction, Mohsen Shahhosseini, Guiping Hu, Hieu Pham Jul 2019

Optimizing Ensemble Weights For Machine Learning Models: A Case Study For Housing Price Prediction, Mohsen Shahhosseini, Guiping Hu, Hieu Pham

Mohsen Shahhosseini

Designing ensemble learners has been recognized as one of the significant trends in the field of data knowledge especially in data science competitions. Building models that are able to outperform all individual models in terms of bias, which is the error due to the difference in the average model predictions and actual values, and variance, which is the variability of model predictions, has been the main goal of the studies in this area. An optimization model has been proposed in this paper to design ensembles that try to minimize bias and variance of predictions. Focusing on service sciences, two well-known ...


Mid To Late Season Weed Detection In Soybean Production Fields Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle And Machine Learning, Arun Narenthiran Veeranampalayam Sivakumar Jul 2019

Mid To Late Season Weed Detection In Soybean Production Fields Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle And Machine Learning, Arun Narenthiran Veeranampalayam Sivakumar

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Mid-late season weeds are those that escape the early season herbicide applications and those that emerge late in the season. They might not affect the crop yield, but if uncontrolled, will produce a large number of seeds causing problems in the subsequent years. In this study, high-resolution aerial imagery of mid-season weeds in soybean fields was captured using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and the performance of two different automated weed detection approaches – patch-based classification and object detection was studied for site-specific weed management. For the patch-based classification approach, several conventional machine learning models on Haralick texture features were compared ...


Minimodal: Dimensional Domain Of Miniature Shipping Containers For Intermodal Freight Transportation, Lee Stapley Jul 2019

Minimodal: Dimensional Domain Of Miniature Shipping Containers For Intermodal Freight Transportation, Lee Stapley

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

This study explores the feasibility of miniature shipping container usage within existing intermodal transportation (IT) supply chains. Smaller intermodal container shipments may help realign freight shipments with the most efficient transportation mode, rail. These containers embolden the dimensional domain (DD) of shipping. The shipping container dimensional domain (container size variation and modal fluidity) is widespread and results in shipments that are often larger or more infrequent than needed. The DD impacts transport mode, shipping frequency, shipment velocity, intermodal supply chain accessibility, and regional shipping networks. This study suggests that container size impacts the DD and, therefore, mode choice. As miniature ...


Transportation Safety Performance Of Us Bus Transit Agencies And Population Density: A Cross-Sectional Analysis (2008-2014), Ilker Karaca, Peter T. Savolainen Jul 2019

Transportation Safety Performance Of Us Bus Transit Agencies And Population Density: A Cross-Sectional Analysis (2008-2014), Ilker Karaca, Peter T. Savolainen

Ilker Karaca

The paper examines the transportation safety performance of transit agencies providing public bus service in the US by using data from the National Transit Database (NTD)

Uses NTD data for a seven-year period from 2008 to 2014 • 3,853 observations for 651 public transportation agencies in 50 states

Seven types of bus transit fatalities and injuries (including passengers, operators, pedestrians, bicyclists)

Main explanatory variable: urban density obtained from the US Census figures

Other explanatory variables: total agency revenue miles, unlinked passenger trips, agency fleet size, and urban population


Seven Hci Grand Challenges, Constantine Stephanidis, Gavriel Salvendy, Margherita Antona, Jessie Chen, Jianming Dong, Vincent Duffy, Xiaowen Fang, Cali Fidopiastis, Gino Fragomeni, Limin Fu, Yinni Guo, Don Harris, Andri Ioannou, Kyeong-Ah (Kate) Jeong, Shin'ichi Konomi, Heidi Kromker, Masaaki Kurosu, James Lewis, Aaron Marcus, Gabriele Meiselwitz, Abbas Moallem, Hirohiko Mori, Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah, Stavroula Ntoa, Pei-Luen Rau, Dylan Schmorrow, Keng Siau, Norbert Streitz, Wentao Wang, Sakae Yamamoto, Panayiotis Zaphiris, Jia Zhou Jul 2019

Seven Hci Grand Challenges, Constantine Stephanidis, Gavriel Salvendy, Margherita Antona, Jessie Chen, Jianming Dong, Vincent Duffy, Xiaowen Fang, Cali Fidopiastis, Gino Fragomeni, Limin Fu, Yinni Guo, Don Harris, Andri Ioannou, Kyeong-Ah (Kate) Jeong, Shin'ichi Konomi, Heidi Kromker, Masaaki Kurosu, James Lewis, Aaron Marcus, Gabriele Meiselwitz, Abbas Moallem, Hirohiko Mori, Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah, Stavroula Ntoa, Pei-Luen Rau, Dylan Schmorrow, Keng Siau, Norbert Streitz, Wentao Wang, Sakae Yamamoto, Panayiotis Zaphiris, Jia Zhou

Faculty Publications

This article aims to investigate the Grand Challenges which arise in the current and emerging landscape of rapid technological evolution towards more intelligent interactive technologies, coupled with increased and widened societal needs, as well as individual and collective expectations that HCI, as a discipline, is called upon to address. A perspective oriented to humane and social values is adopted, formulating the challenges in terms of the impact of emerging intelligent interactive technologies on human life both at the individual and societal levels. Seven Grand Challenges are identified and presented in this article: Human-Technology Symbiosis; Human-Environment Interactions; Ethics, Privacy and Security ...


A Longitudinal Analysis Of The Impact Of The Indicators In The Networked Readiness Index (Nri), Satya Pratipatti, Ahmed Gomaa Jul 2019

A Longitudinal Analysis Of The Impact Of The Indicators In The Networked Readiness Index (Nri), Satya Pratipatti, Ahmed Gomaa

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

World Economic Forum publishes the Networked Readiness Index (NRI) annually, to reflect the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) status of different countries. The NRI is developed by aggregating 53 indicators. The study identifies the most critical indicators to focus on, to improve the NRI status of countries at different stages of economic development. It uses data from 117 countries and analyzes the changes in the indicators along with their impacts between the years 2012 and 2016. The study explores the differences between countries by grouping them into four groups based on their NRI status. The analysis identifies six indicators with ...


Intelligent Software Tools For Recruiting, Swatee B. Kulkarni, Xiangdong Che Jul 2019

Intelligent Software Tools For Recruiting, Swatee B. Kulkarni, Xiangdong Che

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

In this paper, we outline how recruiting and talent acquisition gained importance within HRM field, then give a brief introduction to the newest tools used by the professionals for recruiting and lastly, describe the Artificial Intelligence-based tools that have started playing an increasingly important role. We also provide further research suggestions for using artificial intelligence-based tools to make recruiting more efficient and cost-effective.


Maquiladoras In Central America: An Analysis Of Workforce Schedule, Productivity And Fatigue., Jose L. Barahona Jul 2019

Maquiladoras In Central America: An Analysis Of Workforce Schedule, Productivity And Fatigue., Jose L. Barahona

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Textile factories or Maquiladoras are very abundant and predominant in Central American economies. However, they all do not have the same standardized work schedule or routines. Most of the Maquiladoras only follow schedules and regulations established by the current labor laws without taking into consideration many variables within their organization that could affect their overall performance. As a result, the purpose of the study is to analyze the current working structure of a textile Maquiladora and determine the most suitable schedule that will abide with the current working structure but also increase production levels, employee morale and decrease employee fatigue ...


Seven Hci Grand Challenges, Constantine Stephanidis, Gavriel Salvendy, Margherita Antona, Jessie Y. C. Chen, Jianming Dong, Vincent G. Duffy, Xiaowen Fang, Cali Fidopiastis, Gino Fragomeni, Limin Paul Fu, Yinni Guo, Don Harris, Andri Ioannou, Kyeong-Ah (Kate) Jeong, Shin'ichi Konomi, Heidi Kromker, Masaaki Kurosu, James R. Lewis, Aaron Marcus, Gabriele Meiselwitz, Abbas Moallem, Hirohiko Mori, Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah, Stavroula Ntoa, Pei-Luen Patrick Rau, Dylan Schmorrow, Keng Siau, Norbert Streitz, Wentao Wang, Sakae Yamamoto, Panayiotis Zaphiris, Jia Zhou Jun 2019

Seven Hci Grand Challenges, Constantine Stephanidis, Gavriel Salvendy, Margherita Antona, Jessie Y. C. Chen, Jianming Dong, Vincent G. Duffy, Xiaowen Fang, Cali Fidopiastis, Gino Fragomeni, Limin Paul Fu, Yinni Guo, Don Harris, Andri Ioannou, Kyeong-Ah (Kate) Jeong, Shin'ichi Konomi, Heidi Kromker, Masaaki Kurosu, James R. Lewis, Aaron Marcus, Gabriele Meiselwitz, Abbas Moallem, Hirohiko Mori, Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah, Stavroula Ntoa, Pei-Luen Patrick Rau, Dylan Schmorrow, Keng Siau, Norbert Streitz, Wentao Wang, Sakae Yamamoto, Panayiotis Zaphiris, Jia Zhou

Abbas Moallem

This article aims to investigate the Grand Challenges which arise in the current and emerging landscape of rapid technological evolution towards more intelligent interactive technologies, coupled with increased and widened societal needs, as well as individual and collective expectations that HCI, as a discipline, is called upon to address. A perspective oriented to humane and social values is adopted, formulating the challenges in terms of the impact of emerging intelligent interactive technologies on human life both at the individual and societal levels. Seven Grand Challenges are identified and presented in this article: Human-Technology Symbiosis; Human-Environment Interactions; Ethics, Privacy and Security ...


Shoulder Muscular Fatigue From Static Posture Concurrently Reduces Cognitive Attentional Resources, Mitchell L. Stephenson, Alec G. Ostrander, Hamid Norasi, Michael C. Dorneich Jun 2019

Shoulder Muscular Fatigue From Static Posture Concurrently Reduces Cognitive Attentional Resources, Mitchell L. Stephenson, Alec G. Ostrander, Hamid Norasi, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Objective: The goal of this work is to determine whether muscular fatigue concurrently reduces cognitive attentional resources in technical tasks for healthy adults.

Background: Muscular fatigue is common in the workplace but often dissociated with cognitive performance. A corpus of literature demonstrates a link between muscular fatigue and cognitive function, but few investigations demonstrate that the instigation of the former degrades the latter in a way that may affect technical task completion. For example, laparoscopic surgery increases muscular fatigue, which may risk attentional capacity reduction and undermine surgical outcomes.

Method: A total of 26 healthy participants completed a dual-task cognitive ...


Design By Taking Perspectives: How Engineers Explore Problems, Jaclyn K. Murray, Jaryn A. Studer, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert Jun 2019

Design By Taking Perspectives: How Engineers Explore Problems, Jaclyn K. Murray, Jaryn A. Studer, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert

Seda McKilligan

Background: Problem exploration includes identifying, framing, and defining design problems and bounding problem spaces. Intentional and unintentional changes in problem understanding naturally occur as designers explore design problems to create solutions. Through problem exploration, new perspectives on the problem can emerge along with new and diverse ideas for solutions. By considering multiple problem perspectives varying in scope and focus, designers position themselves to increase their understandings of the “real” problem and engage in more diverse idea generation processes leading to an increasing variety of potential solutions.

Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to investigate systematic patterns in problem ...


Challenges Of Erau’S First Suborbital Flight Aboard Blue Origin’S New Shepard M7 For The Cell Research Experiment In Microgravity (Crexim), Pedro Llanos, Kristina Andrijauskaite, Vijay V. Duraisamy, Francisco F. Pastrana, Erik Seedhouse, Sathya Gangadharan, Leonid Bunegin, Mariel Rico Jun 2019

Challenges Of Erau’S First Suborbital Flight Aboard Blue Origin’S New Shepard M7 For The Cell Research Experiment In Microgravity (Crexim), Pedro Llanos, Kristina Andrijauskaite, Vijay V. Duraisamy, Francisco F. Pastrana, Erik Seedhouse, Sathya Gangadharan, Leonid Bunegin, Mariel Rico

Pedro J. Llanos (www.AstronauticsLlanos.com)

Cell Research Experiment In Microgravity (CRExIM) was launched aboard Blue Origin’s New Shepard suborbital vehicle on Tuesday, December 12, 2017, from the West Texas Launch Site in Van Horn, Texas. One of the aims of this science experiment was to assess the effects of microgravity on murine T-cells during suborbital flight. These cells were placed in a NanoLab with a data logger that sensed the acceleration, temperature, and relative humidity during preflight, flight, and postflight operations. Some discrepancies in sensor measurement were noticed, and these errors were attributed partly to the difference in sampling rates and partly to the ...


An Exploratory Study Of Engineering Students’ Misconceptions About Technical Communication, Cheryl Q. Li, Judy Randi, Jenna Sheffield Jun 2019

An Exploratory Study Of Engineering Students’ Misconceptions About Technical Communication, Cheryl Q. Li, Judy Randi, Jenna Sheffield

Engineering and Applied Science Education Faculty Publications

This paper reports results of a mixed methods study that examined engineering students’ acquisition of technical communication skills over time. In particular, this exploratory study aimed to identify persistent errors, lingering misconceptions, and challenges engineering students faced when they attempted to apply their knowledge and skills in new contexts. The 12 participants were drawn from engineering courses in which students were required to compose technical memoranda in response to requests for information from supervisors or clients. This integrated approach addresses content and communication in the same course. The study included a longitudinal analysis of four technical memoranda written across two ...


Eml Indices To Assess Student Learning Through Integrated E-Learning Modules, Ronald S. Harichandran, Nadiye O. Erdil, Maria-Isabel Carnasciali, Cheryl Q. Li, Aadityasinh Rana Jun 2019

Eml Indices To Assess Student Learning Through Integrated E-Learning Modules, Ronald S. Harichandran, Nadiye O. Erdil, Maria-Isabel Carnasciali, Cheryl Q. Li, Aadityasinh Rana

Engineering and Applied Science Education Faculty Publications

The University of New Haven has facilitated the development and integration of e-learning modules on entrepreneurial topics into regular engineering and computer science courses. In addition to faculty at the University of New Haven, over three years 77 faculty at 53 other universities in the US have also integrated these modules into their courses. Starting in fall 2017, rubrics were developed so that student work related to topics covered in the modules could be assessed directly by instructors. Topics covered by each module were also mapped to learning outcomes published in the KEEN Framework [1]. An Entrepreneurial Minded Learning (EML ...


Assessing The Growth In Entrepreneurial Mind-Set Acquired Through Curricular And Extra-Curricular Components, Cheryl Q. Li, Ronald S. Harichandran, Nadiye O. Erdil, Maria-Isabel Carnasciali, Jean Nocito-Gobel Jun 2019

Assessing The Growth In Entrepreneurial Mind-Set Acquired Through Curricular And Extra-Curricular Components, Cheryl Q. Li, Ronald S. Harichandran, Nadiye O. Erdil, Maria-Isabel Carnasciali, Jean Nocito-Gobel

Engineering and Applied Science Education Faculty Publications

In an effort to develop an entrepreneurial mindset in our engineering students, the University of New Haven has adopted both curricular and extra-curricular approaches. The curricular components include: 1. Several e-Learning modules covering specific entrepreneurial concepts integrated into the regular engineering and computer science curricula. Available online, each module contains readings, short videos, and self-assessment exercises. Students complete these self-paced modules outside of the classroom over a two-week period. Instructors normally engage students on the content of the module through online or in-class discussions and in-class contextual activities. 2. An elective course on business principles and entrepreneurship that incorporates four ...


”Cyberworld” As A Theme For A University-Wide First-Year Common Course, Kristen Przyborski, Frank Breitinger, Lauren Beck, Ronald S. Harichandran Jun 2019

”Cyberworld” As A Theme For A University-Wide First-Year Common Course, Kristen Przyborski, Frank Breitinger, Lauren Beck, Ronald S. Harichandran

Engineering and Applied Science Education Faculty Publications

Nowadays we all live in a cyber world and use the internet for emailing, banking, streaming video, shopping, reading news, or other activities. Given all the time people spend online, it is important that all students (regardless of their major) learn some basics about living in a cyber world, e.g., strategies for online safety, impact of artificial intelligence, digital forensics or ancestry.com. To facilitate students from many majors to learn about important issues related to the internet, eight faculty from a variety of disciplines at the University of New Haven integrated the theme of Cyber World into our ...


Assessing An Online Engineering Ethics Module From Experiential Learning Perspective, Gokhan Egilmez, Philip Viscomi, Maria-Isabel Carnasciali Jun 2019

Assessing An Online Engineering Ethics Module From Experiential Learning Perspective, Gokhan Egilmez, Philip Viscomi, Maria-Isabel Carnasciali

Engineering and Applied Science Education Faculty Publications

Today, engineers play a crucial role in the direction of technology, research, social wellbeing, and economic growth, thus the lives of people. An engineer’s professional responsibility for complying with ethical standards and conduct is essential to the needs and requirements of individuals, organizations, and the society. Educating the future engineering workforce and establishing effective and timely policies that ensure engineering professional’s compliance with requirements are two important pillars of sustaining the ethical knowledge and practice in engineering profession. In this study, the researchers focused on investigating the learning effectiveness of an online ethics module developed for and implemented ...


Motivating Students For Learning Using Scaffolding And A Variety Of Assignments, Nadiye O. Erdil Jun 2019

Motivating Students For Learning Using Scaffolding And A Variety Of Assignments, Nadiye O. Erdil

Engineering and Applied Science Education Faculty Publications

This paper discusses the impacts of various course assignments and activities that were used to increase student motivation and learning. The courses selected for the study are Quality Analysis and Design of Experiments courses, which are offered as required courses in the industrial engineering graduate program at the University of New Haven. The assignments and activities include term project, term paper, homework, in-class exercises, quizzes, exams, library training and factory visit. In an earlier pilot study in the Quality Analysis course, scaffolding -an instructional strategy that enables students to build on prior experience and knowledge as they work towards mastering ...


Additive Manufacturing Powder Removal: Viper 2.0, Andrew D. Epperson, Sean Mccracken, Melissa O'Neil, Alex Ward Jun 2019

Additive Manufacturing Powder Removal: Viper 2.0, Andrew D. Epperson, Sean Mccracken, Melissa O'Neil, Alex Ward

Mechanical Engineering

This report presents the final design review of this senior project team. The project is being sponsored by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, a federal design agency. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is interested in improving their metal additive manufacturing process. The goal of this senior project is to improve the efficiency and safety of a method currently being used to remove metal powders for additively manufactured components. A senior project team in 2017-2018 created the Vibration Induced Powder Evacuator and Reclaimer (VIPER), a device that uses a vibration motor to shake a printed part until it is clean from excess powder ...


Human Powered Vehicle Trainer, Nicholas Hung Nguyen, Gregory Reece Bridges, Jacinta Garcia, Mitchell Sidney Smith Jun 2019

Human Powered Vehicle Trainer, Nicholas Hung Nguyen, Gregory Reece Bridges, Jacinta Garcia, Mitchell Sidney Smith

Mechanical Engineering

This Final Design Review (FDR) document describes the final design and completed prototype of a Mechanical Engineering senior project team at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. The project goal is to create an adjustable human powered vehicle training bike for George Leone that allows a rider to gain confidence with the unique reclined bike geometry ahead of the World Human Powered Speed Challenge at Battle Mountain, Nevada. This document outlines the customer’s needs and technical research performed which together determine the project’s scope and engineering specifications. Next, we present the initial idea generation process and its ...


Design And Implementation Of An Automated Oil Distribution System For A Homogenizer Machine In Gea Mechanical Equipment – Niro Soavi, Luca Gandolfi May 2019

Design And Implementation Of An Automated Oil Distribution System For A Homogenizer Machine In Gea Mechanical Equipment – Niro Soavi, Luca Gandolfi

Theses

This thesis shows the steps that have been followed and done in order to improve a critical operation of a technological process of the GEA Mechanical Equipment. The critical operation was the filling with different types of oils the homogenizing machine because it was characterized by a lot of inefficiencies and, in particular, by huge risks for job security. These critical issues gave the opportunity and the chance to realize a project in order to give a process optimization and security improvement.

After having faced all the aspects and steps needed for this project, it has been realized a system ...


Interventions Of Waterjet Technology In Skin Incisions, Nadi Atalla May 2019

Interventions Of Waterjet Technology In Skin Incisions, Nadi Atalla

Dissertations

This research explores the use of waterjet (WJ) technology in performing skin incisions. The study defines the analytical relationships between the skin properties and the operating parameters of the WJ which include the skin thickness, its elastic modulus, the WJ pressure, the nozzle’s orifice diameter, its stand-off distance and the traverse speed of the WJ as well as the duration of applying the WJ pressure. An analytical model is developed to measure the depth incision of the skin, the water pressure and the water velocity, while using a WJ. Systemization and optimization models that determine the optimal operating parameters ...


Analysis Of A Garment-Oriented Textile Recycling System Via Simulation Approach, Reyhaneh Yavari May 2019

Analysis Of A Garment-Oriented Textile Recycling System Via Simulation Approach, Reyhaneh Yavari

Major Papers

The textile industry is one of the polluting industries on the planet. Public awareness has increased manufacturers responsibility and forced them to shift from linear to the circular production line to reduce the amount of environmental impact such as; energy and freshwater consumption, toxic and fertilizer usage and cutting down the use of raw material. Also, some new business strategies like fast fashion which is a recent trend in the fashion industry by offering fast changing trend and inexpensive designs accelerate the process of purchasing new clothes that end up in landfills. Recycling, remanufacturing and reusing are some practices that ...


Systematizing Gibsonian Affordances In Robotics: An Empirical, Generative Approach Derived From Case Studies In Legged Locomotion, Sonia F. Roberts, Lisa J. Miracchi, Daniel E. Koditschek May 2019

Systematizing Gibsonian Affordances In Robotics: An Empirical, Generative Approach Derived From Case Studies In Legged Locomotion, Sonia F. Roberts, Lisa J. Miracchi, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

A Gibsonian theory of affordances commits to direct perception and the mutuality of the agent-environment system. We argue that there already exists a research program in robotics which incorporates Gibsonian affordances. Controllers under this research program use information perceived directly from the environment with little or no further processing, and implicitly respect the indivisibility of the agentenvironment system. Research investigating the relationships between environmental and robot properties can be used to design reactive controllers that provably allow robots to take advantage of these affordances. We lay out key features of our empirical, generative Gibsonian approach and both show how it ...