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2019

Chemistry

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Articles 1 - 30 of 125

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Ethanol Purification With Ozonation, Activated Carbon Adsorption, And Gas Stripping, Shinnosuke Onuki, Jacek A. Koziel, William S. Jenks, Lingshuang Cai, Somchai Rice, Johannes Van Leeuwen Sep 2019

Ethanol Purification With Ozonation, Activated Carbon Adsorption, And Gas Stripping, Shinnosuke Onuki, Jacek A. Koziel, William S. Jenks, Lingshuang Cai, Somchai Rice, Johannes Van Leeuwen

Somchai Rice

Fermentation of sugar to produce ethanol also produces volatile byproducts. This study was aimed at purifying corn-based ethanol for industrial and pharmaceutical use. The research was on treatment for 10 impurities removal after distillation. The ethanol headspace was sampled with solid-phase microextraction and analyzed with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. A 40 mg/L ozone treatment resulted in >56% and >36% removal of styrene and 2-pentylfuran, respectively, without significant generation of byproducts. A 60 g/L activated carbon (AC) treatment with 270 min adsorption time resulted in 84%, >72%, and >78% removal of ethyl hexanoate, ethyl octanoate, and ethyl decanoate respectively ...


Optimization Of Extraction Parameters For Quantification Of Fermentation Volatile By‐Products In Industrial Ethanol With Solid‐Phase Microextraction And Gas Chromatography, Shinnosuke Onuki, Jacek A. Koziel, William S. Jenks, Lingshuang Cai, Somchai Rice, Johannes Van Leeuwen Sep 2019

Optimization Of Extraction Parameters For Quantification Of Fermentation Volatile By‐Products In Industrial Ethanol With Solid‐Phase Microextraction And Gas Chromatography, Shinnosuke Onuki, Jacek A. Koziel, William S. Jenks, Lingshuang Cai, Somchai Rice, Johannes Van Leeuwen

Somchai Rice

The rapid growth of the biofuels industry resulted in new research needs in chemical analysis. Methods for screening and quantification of impurities resulting from changes in feedstock, process and purification are needed. Direct sample injection methods are often not sensitive for lower concentrations. This research, developed an analytical method to simultaneously quantify fermentation volatile by‐products in industrial corn‐based ethanol. These include acetaldehyde, ethyl vinyl ether, 1,1‐diethoxyethane, isoamyl alcohol, isoamyl acetate, styrene, 2‐pentylfuran, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl octanoate, and ethyl decanoate. Headspace solid‐phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) and GC‐FID ...


Further Purification Of Food‐Grade Alcohol To Make A Congener‐Free Product, Lingshuang Cai, Somchai Rice, Jacek A. Koziel, William S. Jenks, Johannes Van Leeuwen Sep 2019

Further Purification Of Food‐Grade Alcohol To Make A Congener‐Free Product, Lingshuang Cai, Somchai Rice, Jacek A. Koziel, William S. Jenks, Johannes Van Leeuwen

Somchai Rice

Most alcoholic beverages contain small amounts of chemicals other than ethanol, the congeners. These are byproducts of the fermentation process of the substrate. Congeners are implicated in contributing to hangover (veisalgia) symptoms and it is therefore considered expedient to remove these substances. This research compared 12 established vodka brands with a new product by GC‐MS‐olfactometry. A new vodka produced in Iowa from corn was found to be the purest while another corn‐based vodka and a potato‐based vodka contained eight and 12 impurities each. Eight other commercially available vodkas contained 15–19 impurities and three vodkas showed ...


Effects Of Harvest Time On The Aroma Of White Wines Made From Cold-Hardy Brianna And Frontenac Gris Grapes Using Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction And Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry-Olfactometry, Somchai Rice, Madina Tursumbayeva, Matthew Clark, David Greenlee, Murlidhar Dharmadhikari, Anne Fennell, Jacek A. Koziel Sep 2019

Effects Of Harvest Time On The Aroma Of White Wines Made From Cold-Hardy Brianna And Frontenac Gris Grapes Using Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction And Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry-Olfactometry, Somchai Rice, Madina Tursumbayeva, Matthew Clark, David Greenlee, Murlidhar Dharmadhikari, Anne Fennell, Jacek A. Koziel

Somchai Rice

The Midwest wine industry has shown a marked increase in growers, hectares planted, wineries, and wine production. This growth coincides with the release of cold-hardy cultivars such as Brianna and Frontenac gris, in 2001 and 2003, respectively. These white grape varieties account for one-third of the total area grown in the state of Iowa. It is generally accepted that the wine aroma profile plays a crucial role in developing a local, sustainable brand. However, the identity of Brianna/Frontenac Gris-based wine aromas and their link to the grape berry chemistry at harvest is unknown. This study aims to preliminarily characterize ...


Biogenic Volatiles Emitted From Four Cold-Hardy Grape Cultivars During Ripening, Somchai Rice, Devin L. Maurer, Anne Fennell, Murlidhar Dharmadhikari, Jacek A. Koziel Sep 2019

Biogenic Volatiles Emitted From Four Cold-Hardy Grape Cultivars During Ripening, Somchai Rice, Devin L. Maurer, Anne Fennell, Murlidhar Dharmadhikari, Jacek A. Koziel

Somchai Rice

In this research dataset, we summarize for the first time volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted in vivo from ripening wine grapes. We studied four cold-hardy cultivars grown in the Midwestern U.S.: St. Croix, Frontenac, Marquette, and La Crescent. These cultivars have gained popularity among local growers and winemakers, but still very little is known about their performance compared with long-established V. viniferagrapes. Volatiles were collected using two novel approaches: biogenic emissions from grape clusters on a vine and single grape berries. A third approach was headspace collection of volatiles from crushed grapes. Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) was used to collect ...


Biogenic Volatiles Emitted From Four Cold-Hardy Grape Cultivars During Ripening, Somchai Rice, Devin L. Maurer, Anne Fennell, Murlidhar Dharmadhikari, Jacek A. Koziel Sep 2019

Biogenic Volatiles Emitted From Four Cold-Hardy Grape Cultivars During Ripening, Somchai Rice, Devin L. Maurer, Anne Fennell, Murlidhar Dharmadhikari, Jacek A. Koziel

Devin L. Maurer

In this research dataset, we summarize for the first time volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted in vivo from ripening wine grapes. We studied four cold-hardy cultivars grown in the Midwestern U.S.: St. Croix, Frontenac, Marquette, and La Crescent. These cultivars have gained popularity among local growers and winemakers, but still very little is known about their performance compared with long-established V. viniferagrapes. Volatiles were collected using two novel approaches: biogenic emissions from grape clusters on a vine and single grape berries. A third approach was headspace collection of volatiles from crushed grapes. Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) was used to collect ...


Environmentally Responsible Land Use, Spring/Summer 2010, Issue 22 Sep 2019

Environmentally Responsible Land Use, Spring/Summer 2010, Issue 22

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Sustainable Communities, Fall/Winter 2010, Issue 21 Sep 2019

Sustainable Communities, Fall/Winter 2010, Issue 21

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Sustainable Building, Spring/Summer 2009, Issue 20 Sep 2019

Sustainable Building, Spring/Summer 2009, Issue 20

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Environmental History, Fall/Winter 2009, Issue 19 Sep 2019

Environmental History, Fall/Winter 2009, Issue 19

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Student Research, Spring/Summer 2008, Issue 18 Sep 2019

Student Research, Spring/Summer 2008, Issue 18

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Evolving Pollution Prevention, Fall/Winter 2008, Issue 17 Sep 2019

Evolving Pollution Prevention, Fall/Winter 2008, Issue 17

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Climate Change, Spring/Summer 2007, Issue 16 Sep 2019

Climate Change, Spring/Summer 2007, Issue 16

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Our Energy Future, Fall/Winter 2007, Issue 15 Sep 2019

Our Energy Future, Fall/Winter 2007, Issue 15

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Land Conservation, Spring/Summer 2006, Issue 14 Sep 2019

Land Conservation, Spring/Summer 2006, Issue 14

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Pollution And Heart Disease, Fall/Winter 2006, Issue 13 Sep 2019

Pollution And Heart Disease, Fall/Winter 2006, Issue 13

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Green Cities, Spring/Summer 2005, Issue 12 Sep 2019

Green Cities, Spring/Summer 2005, Issue 12

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Global Sustainability, Fall/Winter 2005, Issue 11 Sep 2019

Global Sustainability, Fall/Winter 2005, Issue 11

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Environmental Justice, Spring/Summer 2004, Issue 10 Sep 2019

Environmental Justice, Spring/Summer 2004, Issue 10

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Kentucky's Environmental Future, Fall/Winter 2004, Issue 9 Sep 2019

Kentucky's Environmental Future, Fall/Winter 2004, Issue 9

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Urban Ecology, Spring/Summer 2003, Issue 8 Sep 2019

Urban Ecology, Spring/Summer 2003, Issue 8

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Urban Regeneration, Fall/Winter 2003, Issue 7 Sep 2019

Urban Regeneration, Fall/Winter 2003, Issue 7

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Urban Air Quality, Spring/Summer 2002, Issue 6 Sep 2019

Urban Air Quality, Spring/Summer 2002, Issue 6

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Sustainability Of Industrialized Agriculture, Fall/Winter 2002, Issue 5 Sep 2019

Sustainability Of Industrialized Agriculture, Fall/Winter 2002, Issue 5

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Urban Design For Environmental Protection, Spring/Summer 2001, Issue 4 Sep 2019

Urban Design For Environmental Protection, Spring/Summer 2001, Issue 4

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Stream Restoration, Spring/Summer 2011, Issue 24 Sep 2019

Stream Restoration, Spring/Summer 2011, Issue 24

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Renewable Energy, Fall/Winter 2011, Issue 23 Sep 2019

Renewable Energy, Fall/Winter 2011, Issue 23

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Biodiversity, Fall/Winter 2012, Issue 25 Sep 2019

Biodiversity, Fall/Winter 2012, Issue 25

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Active Transportation, Spring/Summer 2012, Issue 26 Sep 2019

Active Transportation, Spring/Summer 2012, Issue 26

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Heat Islands, Fall/Winter 2014, Issue 29 Sep 2019

Heat Islands, Fall/Winter 2014, Issue 29

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.