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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Microwave-Assisted Synthesis Of Graphene Supported Hexagonal Magnetite For Applications In Catalysis, Hany A. Elazab, M. A. Radwan, M. A. Sadek Oct 2019

Microwave-Assisted Synthesis Of Graphene Supported Hexagonal Magnetite For Applications In Catalysis, Hany A. Elazab, M. A. Radwan, M. A. Sadek

Chemical Engineering

Herein, we report a rapid one-step synthetic method using microwave irradiation for growing magnetite nanocrystals on reduced graphene oxide sheets. This developed strategy allows decorating graphene sheets with magnetite nanocrystals of well-defined morphology as cubes using microwave-driven reduction of iron chloride using hydrazine hydrate as a reducing agent. The size and shape control was achieved via fine-tuning of the reaction conditions. The obtained results demonstrate the applicability of this microwave synthetic approach to control the morphology of the magnetite nanocrystals anchored on graphene sheets. Moreover, graphene sheets will enhance the nucleation and growth of magnetite nanoplates anchored on graphene. This ...


Pd Nanoparticles Supported On Copper Oxide Prepared Via Microwave – Assisted Synthesis: An Efficient Catalyst For Suzuki Cross-Coupling, Hany A. Elazab Dr Sep 2019

Pd Nanoparticles Supported On Copper Oxide Prepared Via Microwave – Assisted Synthesis: An Efficient Catalyst For Suzuki Cross-Coupling, Hany A. Elazab Dr

Chemical Engineering

We report here a scientific investigation of a simple and versatile synthetic rote for the synthesis of palladium nanoparticles decorated with copper oxideand supported on reduced Graphene oxide (rGO) as a highly active catalyst usedfor Suzuki, Heck, and Sonogashira cross coupling reactions with remarkable turnover number (7000) and turnover frequency of 85000 h-1. Pd-CuO nanoparticles supported on reduced Graphene oxide nanosheets (Pd-CuO/rGO) exhibited an outstanding performance through high catalytic activity towards cross coupling reactions. A simple, reproducible, and reliable method was used to prepare this efficient catalyst using microwave irradiation synthetic conditions. The synthesis approach requires simultaneous reduction ...


Influence Of Naoh Concentration On Transfer Process Of Graphene, Francisco Saldana, Chengyu Wen, George Patrick Watson Sep 2019

Influence Of Naoh Concentration On Transfer Process Of Graphene, Francisco Saldana, Chengyu Wen, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

The process of transferring a monolayer of graphene using two different concentrations of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution unto a silicon dioxide (SiO2) coated Si chip using electrochemistry was performed. The transfer process is crucial for the delamination of a continuous graphene monolayer film from copper foil. After examining and inspecting the integrity of the graphene monolayer, it was observed that the lower concentration to NaOH led to slower rate of hydrogen bubble generation; this condition was found to be less destructive and yielded a graphene film with fewer visible tears.


Facile Synthesis Of Reduced Graphene Oxide-Supported Pd/Cuo Nano-Particles As An Efficient Catalyst For Cross-Coupling Reactions, Hany A. Elazab Dr Sep 2019

Facile Synthesis Of Reduced Graphene Oxide-Supported Pd/Cuo Nano-Particles As An Efficient Catalyst For Cross-Coupling Reactions, Hany A. Elazab Dr

Chemical Engineering

The present communication reports a scientific investigation of a simple and versatile synthetic route for the synthesis of palladium nanoparticles decorated with copper oxide and supported on reduced graphene oxide (rGO). They are used as a highly active catalyst of Suzuki, Heck, and Sonogashira cross coupling reactions with a remarkable turnover number of 7000 and a turnover frequency of 85000 h-1. The Pd-CuO nanoparticles supported on reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (Pd-CuO/rGO) exhibit an outstanding performance through a high catalytic activity towards cross coupling reactions. A simple, reproducible, and reliable method is used to prepare this efficient catalyst using microwave ...


Thermal Characterization Of Graphene/Polyethylene Nanocomposites, Ahmed Z. A. Abuibaid Jun 2019

Thermal Characterization Of Graphene/Polyethylene Nanocomposites, Ahmed Z. A. Abuibaid

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Theses

Practically, almost all polymers are solidified from the melts for product-forming purposes. Therefore, the evolution of solid structure (crystallization behavior) from their molten form has prime importance in manufacturing high performance materials. Polyethylene (PE) is one of the most commonly used semi crystalline polymers all over the world. In this thesis, nanocomposites of PE with thermal reduced graphene (TRG) (PE/TRG) were prepared via solvent blending and the crystallization of PE has been investigated using a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The nanocomposites were crystallized from the melts under both isothermal and dynamic conditions, and evolution of crystal formation is studied ...


Evaluating The Scalability Of The Sonication Method Of Graphene Oxide Synthesis, Evan Dexter May 2019

Evaluating The Scalability Of The Sonication Method Of Graphene Oxide Synthesis, Evan Dexter

Honors Program Projects

Graphene is a new material that was first isolated in 2004, and consists of one to a few atomic layers of carbon in a lattice sheet structure. Graphene has high tensile strength, high surface area, very low electrical resistance, and various other special properties that make it an excellent material for use in emerging technologies in the categories of electrical components, energy systems, and high strength applications. The production scale of graphene sheets and its variations is currently limited to laboratory use, with increasing research being conducted toward the development of manufacturing techniques of the material. We conducted experiments to ...


Hydrothermal Synthesis Of Graphene Supported Pd/Fe3o4 Nanoparticles As Efficient Magnetic Catalysts For Suzuki Cross – Coupling, Hany A. Elazab Dr Apr 2019

Hydrothermal Synthesis Of Graphene Supported Pd/Fe3o4 Nanoparticles As Efficient Magnetic Catalysts For Suzuki Cross – Coupling, Hany A. Elazab Dr

Chemical Engineering

This research reports a reproducible, reliable, and efficient method for preparing palladium nanoparticles dispersed on a composite of Fe3O4 and graphene as an active catalyst with high efficiency for being used in Suzuki cross – coupling reactions. Graphene supported Pd/Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Pd/Fe3O4/G) exhibit a remarkable catalytic performance towards Suzuki coupling reactions. Moreover, the prepared catalyst recyclability was up to nine times without losing its high catalytic activity. The catalyst was prepared using hydrothermal synthesis; the prepared catalyst is magnetic in order to facilitate catalyst separation out of the reaction medium after reaction completion simply through using a strong ...


Design And Rapid Prototyping Of Printed Graphene Electrochemical Biosensors For Sensitive Monitoring Of Pesticide Levels For Agricultural Use, John Hondred Jan 2019

Design And Rapid Prototyping Of Printed Graphene Electrochemical Biosensors For Sensitive Monitoring Of Pesticide Levels For Agricultural Use, John Hondred

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While the use of pesticides (herbicides and insecticides) are critically important to meet the current and future food demands (increases crop yield by up to 40%), their overuse has shown long-term detrimental impacts on the environment from polluting watersheds used for drinking water to eutrophic “dead zones”. Current pesticide soil measurement methods (chromatography) are costly, require trained technicians, and take days to analyze; thus, farmers are taking an “over-application approach” which is pollution the environment and waterways. A disposable pesticide soil sensor would provide farmers the opportunity of precisely regulating the application of pesticides in an independent and economical fashion ...


Synthesis, Functionalization, And Application Of Nanofiltration And Composite Membranes For Selective Separations, Andrew Steven Colburn Jan 2019

Synthesis, Functionalization, And Application Of Nanofiltration And Composite Membranes For Selective Separations, Andrew Steven Colburn

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Future nanofiltration (NF) membranes used for selective separations of ions and small organic molecules must maintain performance in environments where high concentrations of total dissolved solvents or foulants are present. These challenges can be addressed through the development of composite membranes, as well as the engineering of enhanced surface properties and operating conditions for existing commercial membranes.

In this work, ion transport through commercial thin film composite (TFC) polyamide NF membranes were studied in both lab-prepared salt solutions and industrial wastewater. The dependence of several variables on ion rejection was investigated, including ion radius, ion charge, ionic strength, and temperature ...