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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Electrospinning Nanofibers From Chitosan-Hyaluronic Acid Complex Coacervates, Juanfeng Sun Aug 2019

Electrospinning Nanofibers From Chitosan-Hyaluronic Acid Complex Coacervates, Juanfeng Sun

Masters Theses

Electrospun nanofibers have been used for many applications, but a reliance on organic solvents limits their use in biomedical fields. In this study, we successfully electrospun nanofibers from aqueous chitosan-hyaluronic acid complex coacervates. We studied how solvent’ properties affected the average nanofiber diameter by using pure water as a solvent versus ethanol-water solutions. Experimentally, we investigated the effect of electrospinning apparatus parameters, such as how the applied voltage affected fiber formation and morphology. The smallest average nanofiber diameter was determined to be around 115 ± 30 nm when 3 wt% ethanol coacervate samples were electrospun using the applied voltage of 24 ...


Performance Investigation Of Surface Modified Ceramic Microfiltration Membranes And The Effects Of Ionic Strength, Choji Bitrus Daches Jan 2019

Performance Investigation Of Surface Modified Ceramic Microfiltration Membranes And The Effects Of Ionic Strength, Choji Bitrus Daches

Masters Theses

"The performance of ceramic membranes surface coated with cysteic acid to improve efficiency and reduce fouling rate was studied under two transmembrane pressure (TMP) and constant crossflow velocity (CFV). The filtration process was done in crossflow mode to allow for extended operation of the membranes. the performance of the membranes were determined in terms of the measured fluxes and on content rejection. Cleaning-in-place (CIP) was done on the membranes to ensure flux recovery after each run. The results showed significant improvement on the performance of the membranes with respect to high permeate fluxes and high oil content rejection (> 99.5 ...


Asphaltene Stability In Crude Oil During Carbon Dioxide Injection And Its Impact On Oil Recovery: A Review, Data Analysis, And Experimental Study, Sherif M. Fakher Jan 2019

Asphaltene Stability In Crude Oil During Carbon Dioxide Injection And Its Impact On Oil Recovery: A Review, Data Analysis, And Experimental Study, Sherif M. Fakher

Masters Theses

"Crude oils are usually associated with many compounds, some of which are favorable and others, which are not. One of the most unfavorable components of crude oil that pose severe operational problems and decreases oil production significantly are asphaltenes. These compounds are solids that are homogenized in the crude oil at room temperature but tend to separate from solution when agitated. They can deposit in the reservoir pores, wellbore, and transportation pipelines thus causing severe operational problems and oil recovery reduction.

Even though researchers have been studying asphaltenes for more than 100 years, there is still an ambiguity concerning asphaltene ...


Diffusion Kinetics In Promising Adsorbents For Gas Capture Processes, Teresa Gelles Jan 2019

Diffusion Kinetics In Promising Adsorbents For Gas Capture Processes, Teresa Gelles

Masters Theses

"This reports the results of experimental studies aimed at characterizing the transport properties of promising adsorbents for various gas capture processes by the "zero length column" (ZLC) technique. ZLC was used to measure the intracrystalline diffusivities of single and binary components of ethane and ethylene in powder and pellet samples of paraffin-selective adsorbents Ni(bdc)(ted)0.5 (Ni-BT) and ZIF-7 for the purpose of olefin/paraffin separation. Results show that binary gaseous systems result in intracrystalline diffusion time constants slightly lower than those in single component gaseous streams due to coadsorption effects. It was also found that ethylene diffusion ...


Investigating The Use Of Class C Flyash-Based Geopolymer Cement As A Potential Alternative To Portland Cement To Seal Co₂ Storage Wells, Priyesh Parimal Jani Jan 2019

Investigating The Use Of Class C Flyash-Based Geopolymer Cement As A Potential Alternative To Portland Cement To Seal Co₂ Storage Wells, Priyesh Parimal Jani

Masters Theses

"Capturing emitted carbon dioxide from the source of emission and storing it underground is one effective way to reduce the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere and is called carbon capture and storage (CCS). For the successful CCS project, it is necessary to ensure long term storage of injected CO2 inside these selected reservoirs. Portland cement used to cast wells in these reservoirs degrade in CO2 environment and can create migration path for leakage of CO2. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive review about the problem, to propose a new geopolymer cement ...


Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling Of Proppant Static Settling Velocity In High Viscosity Friction Reducers, Chen Yuan Jan 2019

Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling Of Proppant Static Settling Velocity In High Viscosity Friction Reducers, Chen Yuan

Masters Theses

"In the current petroleum fracturing industry, it is necessary to understand the downhole migration and settling velocity of the proppant. If we can master this information well, it will be a great help to obtain effective propped fracture conductivity. In order to study the transport of proppants in the well, we used laboratory experiments and computer numerical simulations to compare the results to get a meaningful conclusion. We spent a lot of time building models on a powerful computer and comparing the experimental conclusions. We finally decided to use computational fluid dynamics (CFD) as the simulation platform, discrete phase method ...


Modeling Overpressure Development During Shale Rock Compaction Coupling Poroelasticity And Permeability Evolution Above 3km Depth, Wenyu Zhao Jan 2019

Modeling Overpressure Development During Shale Rock Compaction Coupling Poroelasticity And Permeability Evolution Above 3km Depth, Wenyu Zhao

Masters Theses

"The evolution of pore pressure including overpressure during sedimentation is an important process to consider when analyzing whether high pore pressure causes rock failure. High pore pressure is caused by under-compaction due to the rapid burial of low-permeability sediments, and as a result, porosity decreases less rapidly with depth than in normally compacted sediments where porosity decreases exponentially with depth. While under-compaction related pore pressure magnitudes have been determined empirically, in most numerical modeling approaches, the pore pressure is either applied as a static magnitude or coupled to a fluid flow simulator. This study simulates the pore pressure evolution during ...


Gel Composition And Brine Concentration Effect On Hydrogel Dehydration Subjected To Uniaxial Compression, Xinrui Zhao Jan 2019

Gel Composition And Brine Concentration Effect On Hydrogel Dehydration Subjected To Uniaxial Compression, Xinrui Zhao

Masters Theses

"Gel treatment is a process that injects the gel into a reservoir to control the conformance and improve the sweep efficiency of injection fluids. At a certain pressure gradient, the gel dehydrates in a reservoir due to mechanical forces. This work evaluates the effects of the gel composition and brine concentration on gel dehydration under uniaxial compression. A sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide based gel cross-linked with N, N'-Methylenebisacrylamide (MBAA) was used for the study. The compression test is performed with a rheometer with a plate-plate geometry. The gel dehydration under pressure was measured to see how gel dehydration would be impacted ...


Breaker Evaluation And Formation Damage Remediation Of Re-Crosslinkable Preformed Particle Gel (Rppg), Enze Zhou Jan 2019

Breaker Evaluation And Formation Damage Remediation Of Re-Crosslinkable Preformed Particle Gel (Rppg), Enze Zhou

Masters Theses

"Re-crosslinkable preformed particle gel (RPPG) is a newly developed preformed particle gel for improving sweep efficiency and oil recovery by blocking or reducing the conductivity of fractures and fracture-like channels or conduits. However, RPPG has the potential to plug the facilities or damage the formation if a treatment is not properly conducted.

This work presents the performance of selected oxidizing breakers on the degradation of RPPG. The influence of a few factors on the degradation process was investigated, including breaker type, breaker concentration, temperature, gel concentration, gel aging time, and gel size. Results indicate that breaker type, concentration, and temperature ...


Developing A Model System Of Liquid Lubricants For Space Applications: Multiple Alkylated Cyclopentane In Alumina Enclosed Surface, Vidit Singh Jan 2019

Developing A Model System Of Liquid Lubricants For Space Applications: Multiple Alkylated Cyclopentane In Alumina Enclosed Surface, Vidit Singh

Masters Theses

"Lubricants are substances used for reducing friction wear tear and energy losses between two moving bodies. For space applications, normal lubricants cannot be used as they cannot survive the harsh and demanding conditions of space. Multiple Alkylated Cyclopentanes (MACs) have been utilized as space lubricants in recent times with tremendous results. NASA uses the MACs for their missions in space, in particular 1,3,4- tri-(2-octyldodecyl) cyclopentane sold by Nye Lubricants under the name of PennzaneTM.

In this research, an effort has been made to identify appropriate potential models for simulating Pennzane molecules and to develop MD simulation ...


Review And Data Analysis Of Low Salinity Water Effect Through Induced Fine Migration, Dawei Xu Jan 2019

Review And Data Analysis Of Low Salinity Water Effect Through Induced Fine Migration, Dawei Xu

Masters Theses

"Low salinity water flooding (LSWF) is well proved to be an effective EOR technology both in laboratory and field tests, however, the conditions for LSWF to work and EOR mechanism is still debatable. Up till now, many mechanisms have been proposed to explain the incremental oil recovery in sandstone by LSWF, for instance, fine migration, ionic exchange, wettability alteration and pH increase.

In this study, we only focus on low salinity water flooding effect through induced fine migration mechanism. The objective of this study is to conduct a comprehensive analysis using statistical analysis methods and explaining the mechanism of fine ...