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Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2019

Chemical Engineering

Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering Faculty Scholarship

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Bicontinuous Interfacially Jammed Emulsion Gels (Bijels) As Media For Enabling Enzymatic Reactive Separation Of A Highly Water Insoluble Substrate, Sanghak Cha, Hyun Lim, Martin Haase, Kathleen Stebe, Gyoo Jung, Daeyeon Lee Dec 2019

Bicontinuous Interfacially Jammed Emulsion Gels (Bijels) As Media For Enabling Enzymatic Reactive Separation Of A Highly Water Insoluble Substrate, Sanghak Cha, Hyun Lim, Martin Haase, Kathleen Stebe, Gyoo Jung, Daeyeon Lee

Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering Faculty Scholarship

Although enzymes are efficient catalysts capable of converting various substrates into desired products with high specificity under mild conditions, their effectiveness as catalysts is substantially reduced when substrates are poorly water-soluble. In this study, to expedite the enzymatic conversion of a hydrophobic substrate, we use a bicontinuous interfacially jammed emulsion gel (bijel) which provides large interfacial area between two immiscible liquids: oil and water. Using lipase-catalyzed hydrolysis of tributyrin as a model reaction in a batch mode, we show that bijels can be used as media to enable enzymatic reaction. The bijel system gives a four-fold increase in the initial ...


Tracking Lysosome Migration Within Chinese Hamster Ovary (Cho) Cells Following Exposure To Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Fields, Gary L. Thompson Iii, Hope T. Beier, Bennett L. Ibey Nov 2019

Tracking Lysosome Migration Within Chinese Hamster Ovary (Cho) Cells Following Exposure To Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Fields, Gary L. Thompson Iii, Hope T. Beier, Bennett L. Ibey

Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering Faculty Scholarship

Above a threshold electric field strength, 600 ns-duration pulsed electric field (nsPEF) exposure substantially porates and permeabilizes cellular plasma membranes in aqueous solution to many small ions. Repetitive exposures increase permeabilization to calcium ions (Ca2+) in a dosage-dependent manner. Such exposure conditions can create relatively long-lived pores that reseal after passive lateral diffusion of lipids should have closed the pores. One explanation for eventual pore resealing is active membrane repair, and an ubiquitous repair mechanism in mammalian cells is lysosome exocytosis. A previous study shows that intracellular lysosome movement halts upon a 16.2 kV/cm, 600-ns PEF exposure ...


Synthesis And Analysis Of Separation Processes For Extracellular Chemicals Generated From Microbial Conversions, Wenzhao Wu, Kirti Maheshkumar Yenkie, Christos T. Maravelias Oct 2019

Synthesis And Analysis Of Separation Processes For Extracellular Chemicals Generated From Microbial Conversions, Wenzhao Wu, Kirti Maheshkumar Yenkie, Christos T. Maravelias

Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering Faculty Scholarship

Recent advances in metabolic engineering have enabled the production of chemicals via bio-conversion using microbes. However, downstream separation accounts for 60–80% of the total production cost in many cases. Previous work on microbial production of extracellular chemicals has been mainly restricted to microbiology, biochemistry, metabolomics, or techno-economic analysis for specific product examples such as succinic acid, xanthan gum, lycopene, etc. In these studies, microbial production and separation technologies were selected apriori without considering any competing alternatives. However, technology selection in downstream separation and purification processes can have a major impact on the overall costs, product recovery, and purity. To ...


One-Pot Aqueous And Template-Free Synthesis Of Mesoporous Polymeric Resins, Mahboubeh Nabavinia, Baishali Kanjilal, Alexander Hesketh, Philip Wall, Alireza Shirazi Amin, Peter Kerns, Joseph F. Stanzione Iii, Steven Suib, Fujian Lu, Iman Noshadi Sep 2019

One-Pot Aqueous And Template-Free Synthesis Of Mesoporous Polymeric Resins, Mahboubeh Nabavinia, Baishali Kanjilal, Alexander Hesketh, Philip Wall, Alireza Shirazi Amin, Peter Kerns, Joseph F. Stanzione Iii, Steven Suib, Fujian Lu, Iman Noshadi

Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering Faculty Scholarship

This work explores the novel one-pot aqueous phase synthesis of mesoporous phenolic-hyperbranched polyethyleneimine resins without the use of a template, and their utility as heterogeneous catalysts in batch reactors and continuous microreactors. Catalyst surface areas of up to 432 m2/g were achieved with a uniform Pd distribution and an interconnected, highly porous, network structure, confirmed through Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area measurements, scanning electron microscopes (SEM), X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The heterogeneous catalysts achieved a maximum 98.98 ± 1% conversion in batch Suzuki couplings, with conversions being dependent ...


In Vitro Evaluation Of 3d Printed Polycaprolactone Scaffolds With Angle-Ply Architecture For Annulus Fibrosus Tissue Engineering, Joseph F. Stanzione Iii, Thomas R. Christiani, Elyse A. Baroncini, Andrea J. Vernengo Jan 2019

In Vitro Evaluation Of 3d Printed Polycaprolactone Scaffolds With Angle-Ply Architecture For Annulus Fibrosus Tissue Engineering, Joseph F. Stanzione Iii, Thomas R. Christiani, Elyse A. Baroncini, Andrea J. Vernengo

Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.