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2019

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Articles 1 - 30 of 7852

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

About Time: Visualizing Time At Burning Man, Gordon D. Hoople, Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick, Nathaniel Parde, Diane Hoffoss, Max Mellette, Rachel Nishimura, Virginia Gutman Dec 2019

About Time: Visualizing Time At Burning Man, Gordon D. Hoople, Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick, Nathaniel Parde, Diane Hoffoss, Max Mellette, Rachel Nishimura, Virginia Gutman

The STEAM Journal

About Time was a 30 foot long, 3000 pound wooden sundial that went up in flames at Burning Man 2019. The piece reflected on the role time plays in our lives. We organize our lives around time—are enslaved to time—and yet we know so little about it. Physicists and philosophers continue to grapple with deep puzzles of time—Is time a fundamental quantity, independent of human actions or observations or is it an emergent property of our perception? This installation projected time using two sundials: a horizontal dial which swept time out across the desert floor and ...


Fiber-Optic Temperature And Flow Sensory System And Methods, Ming Han, Guigen Liu, Weilin Hou, Qiwen Shen Dec 2019

Fiber-Optic Temperature And Flow Sensory System And Methods, Ming Han, Guigen Liu, Weilin Hou, Qiwen Shen

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

A fiber optic sensor, a process for utilizing a fiber optic sensor, and a process for fabricating a fiber optic sensor are described, where a double-side-polished silicon pillar is attacked to an optical fiber tip and forms, a Fabry-Perot cavity. In an implementation, a fiber optic sensor in accordance with an examplary embodiment includes an optical fiber configured to be coupled to a light source and a spectrometer; and a single silicon layer or multiple silicon layers disposed on an end face of the optical fiber, where each of the silicon layer(s) defines a Fabry-Perot interferometer, and where the ...


Remediating Soil For Successful Vegetation Establishment Along Nebraska Highways, Shad Mills, Martha Mamo, Walt Schacht, Humberto Blanco-Canqui Dec 2019

Remediating Soil For Successful Vegetation Establishment Along Nebraska Highways, Shad Mills, Martha Mamo, Walt Schacht, Humberto Blanco-Canqui

Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports

Vegetation along roadsides is important to prevent soil erosion, provide habitat, and filter water running off the road. Vegetation close to the pavement along highways in Nebraska does not readily establish and persist. It is thought that the sodium and bulk density are the driving factors behind the lack of vegetation. After a construction project the shoulder is seeded into the compacted soil, and during winter salts can accumulate in the soil because of deicing agents being used. The purpose of our study was to determine if the sodium and bulk density are the driving factors of the vegetation cover ...


Magnetic Field Effects On Lithium Ion Batteries, Kevin Mahon Dec 2019

Magnetic Field Effects On Lithium Ion Batteries, Kevin Mahon

Theses

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2019 was just recently awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham, and Akira Yoshino for the development of lithium-ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries have seen use in many different industries and applications such as in portable devices, power grids, and electric vehicles. As lithium-ion batteries become more commonplace they will need to be modeled more extensively. The magnetic field effect on lithium-ion batteries has not been studied significantly since they were first discovered.

Modeling these batteries is still difficult because of the many complexities of the operation of a battery. Lithium-ion batteries are commonly modeled ...


Impact Of Stirrer Speed And Media Type-Loading On The Breakage Kinetics During Wet Stirred Media Milling Of Griseofulvin, Nathaniel Parker Dec 2019

Impact Of Stirrer Speed And Media Type-Loading On The Breakage Kinetics During Wet Stirred Media Milling Of Griseofulvin, Nathaniel Parker

Theses

The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of stirrer speed (2000-4000 rpm) and bead loading (~20-60%) on the breakage kinetics-energy consumption during milling of griseofulvin, a poorly soluble drug, and compare the performance of crosslinked polystyrene (CPS) beads with that of yttrium-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) beads. Laser diffraction, SEM, viscometry, and XRPD were used for characterization. A microhydrodynamic model was used to interpret the breakage kinetics. An increase in stirrer speed led to faster breakage due to more frequent and forceful CPS bead-bead collisions. Despite causing slight decrease in maximum contact pressure, an increase in CPS bead loading ...


Quantitative Metrics For Mutation Testing, Amani M. Ayad Dec 2019

Quantitative Metrics For Mutation Testing, Amani M. Ayad

Dissertations

Program mutation is the process of generating versions of a base program by applying elementary syntactic modifications; this technique has been used in program testing in a variety of applications, most notably to assess the quality of a test data set. A good test set will discover the difference between the original program and mutant except if the mutant is semantically equivalent to the original program, despite being syntactically distinct.

Equivalent mutants are a major nuisance in the practice of mutation testing, because they introduce a significant amount of bias and uncertainty in the analysis of test results; indeed, mutants ...


Perivascular Waste Metabolites Clearance In Central Nervous System (Cns), Yiming Cheng Dec 2019

Perivascular Waste Metabolites Clearance In Central Nervous System (Cns), Yiming Cheng

Dissertations

Efficient clearance of interstitial waste metabolites is essential for normal brain homeostasis. Such effective clearance is hampered by the lack of a lymphatic system in the brain, and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is unable to clear large size waste metabolites in the brain. Here, a novel idea that brain arterial endothelium and smooth muscle cells reactivity regulates the clearance of these water-insoluble large size waste metabolites through the perivascular dynamic exchange, and that low dose ethanol promotes this perivascular clearance is proposed.

In Aim 1, the biodistribution of a large size waste metabolite (Amyloid-β protein mimic) in rat perivascular space ...


Customized Boron And Magnesium-Based Reactive Materials Prepared By High Energy Mechanical Milling, Xinhang Liu Dec 2019

Customized Boron And Magnesium-Based Reactive Materials Prepared By High Energy Mechanical Milling, Xinhang Liu

Dissertations

New reactive materials need to be developed having biocidal combustion products. When ignited, such material can add chemical biocidal effects to the common effects of high temperature and pressure. Biocidal combustion products are capable of deactivating harmful spores or bacteria, which can be released by targets containing biological weapons of mass destruction. Research showed that halogens, especially iodine, are effective as biocidal components of reactive material formulations. Recently, magnesium combustion product MgO is also found to have a biocidal effect. Thus, advanced formulations containing both magnesium and iodine are of interest; such formulations are prepared and investigated here.

Reactive materials ...


Study And Modelling Of Lithium Ion Cell With Accurate Soc Measurement Algorithm Using Kalman Filter For Electric Vehicles, Kasthuriramanan Mahendravadi Sivaguru Dec 2019

Study And Modelling Of Lithium Ion Cell With Accurate Soc Measurement Algorithm Using Kalman Filter For Electric Vehicles, Kasthuriramanan Mahendravadi Sivaguru

Theses

Lithium Ion cells are preferred over lead acid cells for electric vehicles due to their energy density, higher discharge current and size. The cost of lithium ion cells is scaling down compared to ten years earlier, but as their performance characteristics increase, the need for safety and accurate modelling also increases.

The absence of a generic cell model is associated to the different makes of cells and different chemistries of Lithium ion cells behave differently under the testing conditions required for every unique application. The focus of this thesis will be on how to provide intelligence to the battery management ...


Micro Pipes – A Portable Integrated Platform For Electrochemical Sensing Using Essence Architecture, Hansin Kim Dec 2019

Micro Pipes – A Portable Integrated Platform For Electrochemical Sensing Using Essence Architecture, Hansin Kim

Theses

The field of microfluidics and lab-on-chip (LOC) technology has the potential to have a truly transformative effect in biological engineering. This includes areas such as single-cell analysis, environmental monitoring, regenerative medicine, and point-of-care diagnostics. Yet despite being the subject of intense research over the past two decades, LOC devices have not been widely adopted. It is increasingly evident that there is a need for an effective and adaptable integration strategy to realize the potential of this technology.

Presented in this thesis is a design for a chip-to-world interface that aims to improve integration while maintaining cost-efficiency and ease of fabrication ...


Indonesia Natural Mineral For Heavy Metal Adsorption: A Review, Grandprix T. M. Kadja, Moh Mualliful Ilmi Dec 2019

Indonesia Natural Mineral For Heavy Metal Adsorption: A Review, Grandprix T. M. Kadja, Moh Mualliful Ilmi

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Indonesia has abundant mineral resources used as natural adsorbent materials for the absorption of heavy metal. Among these are natural zeolites, clay, and ashes. These natural materials showed high performance adsorption capacity with respects to their low cost and high availability. Several research reports had been published for studying the performance of the natural materials as adsorbent of several heavy metals i.e., Hg, Pb, Fe, Cd, Cr, Zn, Ni, and Cu by examining the effect of various factors, including pH, contact time, initial concentration, temperature, and dosage. Furthermore, to determine the adsorption rate, mechanism, and efficiency of natural materials ...


Establishment Of Wildflower Islands To Enhance Roadside Health And Aesthetics, Walter Schacht, Judy Wu-Smart Dec 2019

Establishment Of Wildflower Islands To Enhance Roadside Health And Aesthetics, Walter Schacht, Judy Wu-Smart

Nebraska Department of Transportation Research Reports

Wildflowers are crucial in the ecological function of the low-input roadside plant communities in terms of water andnutrient cycling, nutrient inputs such as nitrogen, total plant canopy cover, stand longevity, and provision of habitat for numerous small animals. Further, wildflowers provide critical foraging and nesting resources for birds, insects, and other wildlife. Unfortunately, habitat loss from agricultural and urban development has led to rapid population declines in wild bees and other pollinators across the US, thereby jeopardizing not only food production but also the sustainability of our natural landscapes (Kearns & Inouye, 1997). One way to mitigate wild bee decline is ...


Modeling, Simulation, And Validation Of Process-Structure-Property Relationships In Fused Filament Fabrication, Aaron Grant Dec 2019

Modeling, Simulation, And Validation Of Process-Structure-Property Relationships In Fused Filament Fabrication, Aaron Grant

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As additive manufacturing (AM) grows in popularity, the need for better simulation tools to predict the process-structure-property relationships of AM parts becomes ever more necessary to employ the technology in design of functional parts with varying degrees of complexity and performance requirements. Many simulation tools and techniques have been developed that aim to achieve this goal, and the main purpose of this research is to explore how well different simulation tools and modeling approaches can capture various AM-specific features such as inter-raster and end-of raster voids, and residual stresses induced by dissimilar rates of thermal expansion. Process simulation of fused ...


Salt Mediated Self-Assembly Of Poly(Ethylene Glycol)-Functionalized Gold Nanorods, Hyeong Jin Kim, Wenjie Wang, Wei Bu, Md. Mir Hossen, Alejandra Londono-Calderon, Andrew C. Hillier, Tanya Prozorov, Surya Mallapragada, David Vaknin Dec 2019

Salt Mediated Self-Assembly Of Poly(Ethylene Glycol)-Functionalized Gold Nanorods, Hyeong Jin Kim, Wenjie Wang, Wei Bu, Md. Mir Hossen, Alejandra Londono-Calderon, Andrew C. Hillier, Tanya Prozorov, Surya Mallapragada, David Vaknin

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Although challenging, assembling and orienting non-spherical nanomaterials into two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) ordered arrays can facilitate versatile collective properties by virtue of their shape-dependent properties that cannot be realized with their spherical counterparts. Here, we report on the self-assembly of gold nanorods (AuNRs) into 2D films at the vapor/liquid interface facilitated by grafting them with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). Using surface sensitive synchrotron grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) and specular X-ray reflectivity (XRR), we show that PEG-AuNRs in aqueous suspensions migrate to the vapor/liquid interface in the presence of salt, forming a uniform monolayer ...


Calculation Of Heat Exchange Intensity At Gas-Liquid Flow Washing Tube-Lattice Nozzles, Elbek Tulkinovich Mavlonov, Zakirova Nafisa Sanatovna, Kudratilla Fuadovich Karimov, Khabibulla Sagdullaevich Nurmukhamedov Dec 2019

Calculation Of Heat Exchange Intensity At Gas-Liquid Flow Washing Tube-Lattice Nozzles, Elbek Tulkinovich Mavlonov, Zakirova Nafisa Sanatovna, Kudratilla Fuadovich Karimov, Khabibulla Sagdullaevich Nurmukhamedov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

Several experiments were conducted on removing the heat of reaction upon contact of carbon dioxide with purified brine. Pipes with a developed heat exchange surface formed by spiral grooves on the outside and similar protrusions inside the pipes are used for effective conduction. The experiments were carried out on two and four pipes with different pitch and depth of grooves,i.e. h / S = 0.017-0.095. Studies on the intensification of convective heat exchange when washing a bundle of spiral-rolled pipes with a gas-liquid flow have found an increase in heat transfer by 1.8-2.7 times compared to ...


A Study On Electrical Energy Measuring Device In Installation Place, Anatoliy Plakhtiev, Gayratjon Gaziev Dec 2019

A Study On Electrical Energy Measuring Device In Installation Place, Anatoliy Plakhtiev, Gayratjon Gaziev

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

An analysis of the metrological support of electric energy metering devices has been carried out, which allows us to note a number of shortcomings, which include the insufficiency and imperfection of normative and technical documentation on electric energy metering and control, operation and verification of existing measuring instruments, poor equipment of enterprises and territorial bodies of Uzstandart Agency with high-performance calibration installations, the absence of portable compact installations for checking meters at the place of use, braztsovyh higher accuracy of measuring (standards). Information is provided on the developed device that allows structurally minimizing the error in current conversion and using ...


Sustainable Algorithms For Generalized Estimation Of Dynamic Control Objects, Yulduz Muhtarhodjaeva Abdurakhmanova Dec 2019

Sustainable Algorithms For Generalized Estimation Of Dynamic Control Objects, Yulduz Muhtarhodjaeva Abdurakhmanova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The problems of separate and generalized assessment of the state and parameters of controlled objects under conditions of varying degrees of a priori uncertainty are considered. Stable algorithms for the generalized estimation of the state and parameters based on the quasilinearization method and the formal model of motion under conditions of statistical uncertainty, as well as the correction of the results of the generalized estimation, are presented. It is shown that the considered regularized generalized coordinate and parametric estimation algorithms make it possible to recover with sufficient accuracy the extended state vector of a dynamical system. The above algorithms make ...


Optimization Of Image Processing Using Characteristics And Peculiarities Of Pollen Grains, I.I. Jumanov, O.I. Djumanov, R.A. Safarov Dec 2019

Optimization Of Image Processing Using Characteristics And Peculiarities Of Pollen Grains, I.I. Jumanov, O.I. Djumanov, R.A. Safarov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The problem is formulated and methods for processing images, in particular pollen grains, based on the mechanisms for extracting statistical, dynamic, texture and specific characteristics, as well as geometric features of micro-objects, are developed. Methods are proposed for assessing the accuracy of processing information on the characteristics of points, point and non-linear verification of the contour of the input and reference images, highlighting, segmenting, contrasting, interpolating. The mechanisms of extracting frequency, cytoplasm, reticules, spores, textures, morphology, and geometric features of pollen grain images are studied. A set of programs for processing microobject images in C ++ language in the CUDA parallel ...


The Study Of Dynamic Modes Of Converters With Movable Electromagnetic Screens And Distributed Parameters, S.F. Amirov, О.Т. Boltayev Dec 2019

The Study Of Dynamic Modes Of Converters With Movable Electromagnetic Screens And Distributed Parameters, S.F. Amirov, О.Т. Boltayev

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

In article for research of dynamic characteristics of the created Converter with mobile electromagnetic screens and with the distributed parameters, the parametric block diagram is made. Based on the parametric block diagram, the analytical equation of the output voltage in the operator form is compiled for the dynamic mode. In order to study the dynamic properties of the transducer with moving electromagnetic screens and distributed parameters, the influence of input values on the reaction of the transducer is considered. On the basis of the revealed expressions the nonlinearities of the transient process are considered.


Algebraic Correction Of Algorithms For Recognition And Identification Of Biological Objects In Data Mining Problems, Mirzoyan Kamilov, Mirzaakbar Hudayberdiev Dec 2019

Algebraic Correction Of Algorithms For Recognition And Identification Of Biological Objects In Data Mining Problems, Mirzoyan Kamilov, Mirzaakbar Hudayberdiev

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The integration of information technologies with biology is considered, enabling specialists to further study the subject area. The object of the study is the identification of the information structure and parameters of Insects Orthoptera of Uzbekistan. For this purpose, an information and identification software complex were created and the analysis of the variety of orthoptera having a certain internal structure and, accordingly, the formed structure of the relational database of the Insecta Orthoptera species was carried out. At the same time, attention will also be paid to the study of a number of scientific issues, one way or another related ...


Modeling Of Multicomponent Rectification Under Uncertainty, Nodirbek Rustambekovich Yusupbekov, Djalol Patxiddinovich Mukhitdinov, Yorkin Bakhodirovich Kadirov Dec 2019

Modeling Of Multicomponent Rectification Under Uncertainty, Nodirbek Rustambekovich Yusupbekov, Djalol Patxiddinovich Mukhitdinov, Yorkin Bakhodirovich Kadirov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

This paper presents a complete computer model for an industrial distillation column, which considers the input, output and model (nonlinearity and high-frequency dynamics of the process) uncertainties. The proposed model has a great advantage of covering the entire working range of the distillation column. This model can be used as a main tool for the analysis and synthesis of distillation process control systems.


Algorithms For Regular Synthesis Of Adaptive Systems Management Of Technological Objects Based On The Concepts Of Identification Approach, Husan Zakirovich Igamberdiev, Jasur Usmonovich Sevinov Dec 2019

Algorithms For Regular Synthesis Of Adaptive Systems Management Of Technological Objects Based On The Concepts Of Identification Approach, Husan Zakirovich Igamberdiev, Jasur Usmonovich Sevinov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

Stable algorithms of adaptive control, estimation of controller parameters, synthesis of adaptive control of dynamic objects by the criterion of minimum dispersion, and synthesis of suboptimal adaptive-local control of dynamic objects based on predictive models are presented. Algorithms for the stable identification of dynamic control objects based on regularization and pseudoinversion methods based on a singular decomposition are presented. Based on the use of approximations in the form of a finite sum of Gaussian distributions, recurrent identification algorithms have been developed using multiple models and adapting their parameters. Stable algorithms are proposed for identifying the parameters of an object and ...


Development Of Structures Of Intellectual Information Protection System, Tulkun Fayzievich Bekmuratov, Fayzullajon Bakhtiyorovich Botirov Dec 2019

Development Of Structures Of Intellectual Information Protection System, Tulkun Fayzievich Bekmuratov, Fayzullajon Bakhtiyorovich Botirov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The structures of intelligent information protection systems are considered. The tree of tasks for protecting information of the information system of enterprise is presented. Information security management systems without automation of management processes and automated information security management systems are considered. The functional capabilities of multi-agent information protection systems are investigated and possible risks are analyzed. The proposed schemes of automated and automated information security management systems are described. The proposed technology for constructing a software package for an enterprise information security management system is considered, based on the concept of multi-agent systems as the basic technology for software implementation ...


Life-Cycle Assessment (Lca) Of Different Pretreatment And Product Separation Technologies For Butanol Bioprocessing From Oil Palm Frond, Nazira Mahmud, Kurt A. Rosentrater Dec 2019

Life-Cycle Assessment (Lca) Of Different Pretreatment And Product Separation Technologies For Butanol Bioprocessing From Oil Palm Frond, Nazira Mahmud, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Environmental impact assessment is a crucial aspect of biofuels production to ensure that the process generates emissions within the designated limits. In typical cellulosic biofuel production process, the pretreatment and downstream processing stages were reported to require a high amount of chemicals and energy, thus generating high emissions. Cellulosic butanol production while using low moisture anhydrous ammonia (LMAA) pretreatment was expected to have a low chemical, water, and energy footprint, especially when the process was combined with more efficient downstream processing technologies. In this study, the quantification of environmental impact potentials from cellulosic butanol production plants was conducted with modeled ...


Identification Of An Ags2 Complex On Ag(110), Peter M. Spurgeon, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel Dec 2019

Identification Of An Ags2 Complex On Ag(110), Peter M. Spurgeon, Da-Jiang Liu, Junepyo Oh, Yousoo Kim, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

Adsorbed sulfur has been investigated on the Ag(110) surface at two different coverages, 0.02 and 0.25 monolayers. At the lower coverage, only sulfur adatoms are present. At the higher coverage, there are additional bright features which we identify as linear, independent AgS2 complexes. This identification is based upon density functional theory (DFT) and its comparison with experimental observations including bias dependence and separation between complexes. DFT also predicts the absence of AgS2 complexes at low coverage, and the development of AgS2 complexes around a coverage of 0.25 monolayers of sulfur, as is experimentally observed. To our ...


Generating Energy Data For Machine Learning With Recurrent Generative Adversarial Networks, Mohammad Navid Fekri, Ananda M. Ghosh, Katarina Grolinger Dec 2019

Generating Energy Data For Machine Learning With Recurrent Generative Adversarial Networks, Mohammad Navid Fekri, Ananda M. Ghosh, Katarina Grolinger

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

The smart grid employs computing and communication technologies to embed intelligence into the power grid and, consequently, make the grid more efficient. Machine learning (ML) has been applied for tasks that are important for smart grid operation including energy consumption and generation forecasting, anomaly detection, and state estimation. These ML solutions commonly require sufficient historical data; however, this data is often not readily available because of reasons such as data collection costs and concerns regarding security and privacy. This paper introduces a recurrent generative adversarial network (R-GAN) for generating realistic energy consumption data by learning from real data. Generativea adversarial ...


Micrococcal-Nuclease-Triggered On-Demand Release Of Vancomycin From Intramedullary Implant Coating Eradicates Staphylococcus Aureus Infection In Mouse Femoral Canals, Ananta Ghimire, Jordan D. Skelly, Jie Song Dec 2019

Micrococcal-Nuclease-Triggered On-Demand Release Of Vancomycin From Intramedullary Implant Coating Eradicates Staphylococcus Aureus Infection In Mouse Femoral Canals, Ananta Ghimire, Jordan D. Skelly, Jie Song

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications

Preventing orthopedic implant-associated bacterial infections remains a critical challenge. Current practices of physically blending high-dose antibiotics with bone cements is known for cytotoxicity while covalently tethering antibiotics to implant surfaces is ineffective in eradicating bacteria from the periprosthetic tissue environment due to the short-range bactericidal actions, which are limited to the implant surface. Here, we covalently functionalize poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate hydrogel coatings with vancomycin via an oligonucleotide linker sensitive to Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) micrococcal nuclease (MN) (PEGDMA-Oligo-Vanco). This design enables the timely release of vancomycin in the presence of S. aureus to kill the bacteria both on the ...


Impact Of Organizational Culture And Perceived Process Safety In The Uae Oil And Gas Industry, Mohamed Ali Al Mazrouei Mr., Khalizani Khalid Dr., Ross Davidson Dr., Salam Abdallah Dr. Dec 2019

Impact Of Organizational Culture And Perceived Process Safety In The Uae Oil And Gas Industry, Mohamed Ali Al Mazrouei Mr., Khalizani Khalid Dr., Ross Davidson Dr., Salam Abdallah Dr.

The Qualitative Report

In the last few decades, there had been a lot of accidents in the oil and gas industry throughout the world. This article reports a qualitative study of 30 employees employed in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) oil and gas industry. Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE) culture is a concept which was studied in many researches. However, this research is set to examine how certain behaviors affect the safety performance in UAE’s oil and gas industry. Four core themes that were drawn from the interviewee discussions of how safety culture, leadership safety behaviors, supervisory safety behaviors, and employee training ...


Quantitative Peel Test For Thin Films/Layers Based On A Coupled Parametric And Statistical Study, Maysam Rezaee, Li Chih Tsai, Muhammad Istiaque Haider, Armin Yazdi, Ehsan Sanatizadeh, Nathan P. Salowitz Dec 2019

Quantitative Peel Test For Thin Films/Layers Based On A Coupled Parametric And Statistical Study, Maysam Rezaee, Li Chih Tsai, Muhammad Istiaque Haider, Armin Yazdi, Ehsan Sanatizadeh, Nathan P. Salowitz

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Articles

The adhesion strength of thin films is critical to the durability of micro and nanofabricated devices. However, current testing methods are imprecise and do not produce quantitative results necessary for design specifications. The most common testing methods involve the manual application and removal of unspecified tape. This overcome many of the challenges of connecting to thin films to test their adhesion properties but different tapes, variation in manual application, and poorly controlled removal of tape can result in wide variation in resultant forces. Furthermore, the most common tests result in a qualitative ranking of film survival, not a measurement with ...


The First-Order Magnetoelastic Transition In Eu2in: A 151eu Mössbauer Study, D. H. Ryan, Durga Paudyal, Francois Guillou, Yaroslav Mudryk, Arjun K. Pathak, Vitalij K. Pecharsky Dec 2019

The First-Order Magnetoelastic Transition In Eu2in: A 151eu Mössbauer Study, D. H. Ryan, Durga Paudyal, Francois Guillou, Yaroslav Mudryk, Arjun K. Pathak, Vitalij K. Pecharsky

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Our 151Eu Mössbauer investigation of Eu2In and Eu2Sn shows that the europium in both materials is fully divalent. We confirm the distinct thermodynamic orders of the magnetic transitions and reveal a remarkable difference between the magnetic environments of the europium atoms in the two compounds. Possible structural and electronic origins for these differences are discussed using DFT calculations.