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2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 10885

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Optimal Planning For Traffic Signal Alternative Power Sources In Signal Network, Mo Zhao, Anuj Sharma Mar 2016

Optimal Planning For Traffic Signal Alternative Power Sources In Signal Network, Mo Zhao, Anuj Sharma

Mo Zhao

Dark signals and flash operation during traffic signal malfunction can degrade the efficiency and safety at an intersection warranting a signalized control. Alternative power sources, such as an uninterruptable power supply system, can provide power protection as well as power back-up to the traffic control systems. The policy makers, with limited budgets and unlimited demands, need a tool to choose signalized intersections that can be provided with backup power. They also need to decide the battery capacity at these intersections. At present, there exists no such tool that can help to make an optimal choice for capacity and installation of ...


Design And Development Of The Portable Build Platform And Heated Travel Envelope For The Multi3d Manufacturing System, Steven Daniel Ambriz Dec 2014

Design And Development Of The Portable Build Platform And Heated Travel Envelope For The Multi3d Manufacturing System, Steven Daniel Ambriz

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The final product functionality of parts produced by Additive Manufacturing (AM) can, in part, be improved by the inclusion of multi-material capabilities. The “Multi3D system” that is under development at The University of Texas at El Paso uses material extrusion printing (or fused deposition modeling), solid conductor wire embedding, direct-write, component placement, and micromaching to enable multi-material fabrication. The Multi3D was designed to transport a workpiece between manufacturing stations via a six-axis robot, portable build platform (PBP), and a controlled temperature environment or chamber that travels to each manufacturing station. The heated travel envelope (HTE) was included to mitigate thermal ...


A Kinect-Based System For Automatic Recording Of Some Pigeon Behaviors, Damian Lyons, James Macdonall, Kelly Cunningham Dec 2014

A Kinect-Based System For Automatic Recording Of Some Pigeon Behaviors, Damian Lyons, James Macdonall, Kelly Cunningham

Faculty Publications

Contact switches and touch screens are the state of the art for recording pigeons’ pecking behavior. Recording other behavior, however, requires a different sensor for each behavior, and some behaviors cannot easily be recorded. We present a flexible and inexpensive image-based approach to detecting and counting pigeon behaviors that is based on the Kinect sensor from Microsoft. Although the system is as easy to set up and use as the standard approaches, it is more flexible because it can record behaviors in addition to key pecking. In this article, we show how both the fast, fine motion of key pecking ...


Impact Of The Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Plant In Warsaw On Air Quality, Robert Oleniacz Dec 2014

Impact Of The Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Plant In Warsaw On Air Quality, Robert Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

The only Polish municipal solid waste (MSW) incinerator has been operating within the Municipal Solid Waste Disposal Plant in Warsaw since 2000. In the paper selected results of the air quality impact assessment for this incinerator during an operating period of one year (2008) are presented. With respect to the incinerated waste amounts and emission levels, the analysed period can be considered typical for this facility. Assessment of the air quality impact was carried out by assessing air pollutant emissions in reference to the applicable emission limit values and by modeling atmospheric dispersion of these pollutants. It has been found ...


Seeing Red: Characterizing Historic Bricks At Sylvester Manor, Long Island, Ny 1652-1735, Martin John Schmidheiny Dec 2014

Seeing Red: Characterizing Historic Bricks At Sylvester Manor, Long Island, Ny 1652-1735, Martin John Schmidheiny

Graduate Masters Theses

The goal of this project is to develop a basic material characterization of the bricks excavated at the site of Sylvester Manor on Shelter Island, New York. In the early Manor period of 1650-1690, this early Northern provisioning plantation supplied Barbadian sugar operations and pursued mercantile interests independent of state control. Accounting for the range of production defects and material characteristics of the bricks suggests on-site or local manufacture as a regional ceramic industry developed. Qualitative visual analysis and petrographic thin-sections were used to characterize the internal composition, variation and production evidence in the bricks. Interpreting the results of this ...


Towards Digital Art In Information Society, Montse Arbelo, Joseba Franco Dec 2014

Towards Digital Art In Information Society, Montse Arbelo, Joseba Franco

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "Towards Digital Art in Information Society" Montse Arbelo and Joseba Franco propose the development of the platform of a Network of Experimental Centers be formed by small groups of people who are qualified and who seek optimal operational effectiveness and who dedicate their resources to the production of digital content and we offer artechmedia <http://www.artechmedia.org> as a base point of departure. Such an international network in a collaborative structure based on national networks would make possible to coordinate existing resources to develop social networks, generate and promote content, engage in forums of discussion and ...


New Challenges For The Archiving Of Digital Writing, Heiko Zimmermann Dec 2014

New Challenges For The Archiving Of Digital Writing, Heiko Zimmermann

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "New Challenges for the Archiving of Digital Writing" Heiko Zimmermann discusses the challenges of the preservation of digital texts. In addition to the problems already at the focus of attention of digital archivists, there are elements in digital literature which need to be taken into consideration when trying to archive them. Zimmermann analyses two works of digital literature, the collaborative writing project A Million Penguins (2006-2007) and Renée Tuner's She… (2008) and shows how the ontology of these texts is bound to elements of performance, to direct social interaction of writers and readers to the uniquely ...


Thermal Tuning Of Mems Buckled Membrane Actuator Stiffness, Robert A. Lake, Kyle K. Ziegler, Ronald A. Coutu Jr. Dec 2014

Thermal Tuning Of Mems Buckled Membrane Actuator Stiffness, Robert A. Lake, Kyle K. Ziegler, Ronald A. Coutu Jr.

Faculty Publications

The thermal tuning characteristics of a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) buckled membrane exhibiting regions of both positive and negative stiffness is examined and analyzed using finite element method (FEM) simulation and through experimentation. The membranes are fabricated by releasing a silicon/silicon dioxide (Si/SiO2) laminated membrane from a silicon on insulator (SOI) wafer. The difference in thermal expansion coefficients between Si and SiO2 induces a compressive stress in the SiO2 layer causing out-of-plane buckling of the membrane. This structure is found to have positive and negative stiffness regions when actuated with a transverse force. It is demonstrated that ...


Decompression Wave Speed In Co2 Mixtures: Cfd Modelling With The Gerg-2008 Equation Of State, Alhoush Elshahomi, Cheng Lu, Guillaume Michal, Xiong Liu, Ajit R. Godbole, Phillip Venton Dec 2014

Decompression Wave Speed In Co2 Mixtures: Cfd Modelling With The Gerg-2008 Equation Of State, Alhoush Elshahomi, Cheng Lu, Guillaume Michal, Xiong Liu, Ajit R. Godbole, Phillip Venton

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The development of CO2 pipelines for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) raises new questions regarding the control of ductile fracture propagation and fracture arrest toughness criteria. The decompression behaviour in the fluid must be determined accurately in order to estimate the proper pipe toughness. However, anthropogenic CO2 may contain impurities that can modify the fluid decompression characteristics quite significantly. To determine the decompression wave speed in CO2 mixtures, the thermodynamic properties of these mixtures must be determined by using an accurate equation of state. In this paper we present a new decompression model developed using the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD ...


Ambient Facile Synthesis Of Gram-Scale Copper Selenide Nanostructures From Commercial Copper And Selenium Powder, Xinqi Chen, Zhen Li, S X. Dou Dec 2014

Ambient Facile Synthesis Of Gram-Scale Copper Selenide Nanostructures From Commercial Copper And Selenium Powder, Xinqi Chen, Zhen Li, S X. Dou

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

Grams of copper selenides (Cu2-xSe) were prepared from commercial copper and selenium powders in the presence of thiol ligands by a one-pot reaction at room temperature. The resultant copper selenides are a mixture of nanoparticles and their assembled nanosheets, and the thickness of nanosheets assembled is strongly dependent on the ratio of thiol ligand to selenium powder. The resultant Cu2-xSe (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.25) nanostructures were treated with hydrazine solution to remove the surface ligands and then explored as a potential thermoelectric candidate in comparison with commercial copper selenide powders. The research provides a novel ambient ...


Contactless Measurement Of Angular Velocity Using Circularly Polarized Antennas, Vit Sipal, Adam Narbudowicz, Max Ammann Dec 2014

Contactless Measurement Of Angular Velocity Using Circularly Polarized Antennas, Vit Sipal, Adam Narbudowicz, Max Ammann

Articles

An innovative method to measure the angular velocity using circularly polarized antennas is proposed. Due to the properties of circular polarization, the angular velocity is frequency modulated (FM) on a wireless carrier. This enables a low-cost precise continuous measurement of angular velocity using a standard FM demodulator. The hardware can be easily adapted for both high and low angular velocity values. The precise alignment angle between the antennas can be determined if the initial antenna orientation is known. The angular error is shown to be


Computer Aided Pronunciation Learning For Al-Jabari Method: A Review, Noor Jamaliah Ibrahim, Mohd Yamani Idna Idris, Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff Dec 2014

Computer Aided Pronunciation Learning For Al-Jabari Method: A Review, Noor Jamaliah Ibrahim, Mohd Yamani Idna Idris, Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff

Noor Jamaliah Ibrahim

Speech processing for Quranic Arabic is an active field of research, since a few years ago. We propose in this paper, a review on the potential of automatic speech recognition (ASR) computer-based technology to support Quranic learning processes. Thus, the aspects of Computer-Aided Pronunciation Learning (CAPL) are discussed, focusing towards the implementation on Quranic learning through Al-Jabari method. We believe Al-Jabari method is fast and efficient, as well as a practical way of learning Al-Quran. The analysis of CAPL systems towards the implementation in Quranic learning through Al-Jabari method are discussed in details.


Computational Approaches For Generating Electromagnetic Gaussian Schell-Model Sources, Santasri Basu, Milo W. Hyde Iv, Xifeng Xiao, David G. Voelz, Olga Korotkova Dec 2014

Computational Approaches For Generating Electromagnetic Gaussian Schell-Model Sources, Santasri Basu, Milo W. Hyde Iv, Xifeng Xiao, David G. Voelz, Olga Korotkova

Faculty Publications

Two different methodologies for generating an electromagnetic Gaussian-Schell model source are discussed. One approach uses a sequence of random phase screens at the source plane and the other uses a sequence of random complex transmittance screens. The relationships between the screen parameters and the desired electromagnetic Gaussian-Schell model source parameters are derived. The approaches are verified by comparing numerical simulation results with published theory. This work enables one to design an electromagnetic Gaussian-Schell model source with pre-defined characteristics for wave optics simulations or laboratory experiments. © 2014 Optical Society of America


Center Pivot Sprinkler Distribution Uniformity Impacts On The Spatial Variability Of Evapotranspiration, Daniel Howes, Sean Ellenson, Lucas Hoffmann, Franklin Gaudi Dec 2014

Center Pivot Sprinkler Distribution Uniformity Impacts On The Spatial Variability Of Evapotranspiration, Daniel Howes, Sean Ellenson, Lucas Hoffmann, Franklin Gaudi

BioResource and Agricultural Engineering

Understanding variable evapotranspiration (ET) throughout a field can help maximize yield on a per-acre basis, as well as assist with proper irrigation scheduling. The results from this study indicate that irrigation system distribution uniformity (DU) has a significant effect on the uniformity of ET during water-stressed periods. The study site involved intensely managed forage (alfalfa and winter grain hay) irrigated by center pivots being supplied with reclaimed water near Palmdale, California. During spring and early summer 2007 the center pivots were operating under deficit irrigation. In 2010, after the installation of reservoirs, water was applied to meet full evapotranspiration (ETc ...


شبکه های عصبی- فصل چهارم, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

شبکه های عصبی- فصل چهارم, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

شبکه‌های عصبی سیستم‌ها و روش‌های محاسباتی نوینی هستند برای یادگیری ماشینی، نمایش دانش، و در انتها اعمال دانش به دست آمده در جهت بیش‌بینی پاسخ‌های خروجی از سامانه‌های پیچیده. ایدهٔ اصلی این گونه شبکه‌ها (تا حدودی) الهام‌گرفته از شیوهٔ کارکرد سیستم عصبی زیستی، برای پردازش داده‌ها، و اطلاعات به منظور یادگیری و ایجاد دانش قرار دارد.


کتاب مرجع حفاظت پیشرفته, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

کتاب مرجع حفاظت پیشرفته, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

The Protection Engineer is concerned with limiting the effects of disturbances in a power system. These disturbances, if allowed to persist, may damage plant and interrupt the supply of electric energy. They are described as faults (short and open circuits) or power swings, and result from natural hazards (for instance lightning), plant failure or human error. To facilitate rapid removal of a disturbance from a power system, the system is divided into 'protection zones'. Protection relays monitor the system quantities (current and voltage) appearing in these zones. If a fault occurs inside a zone, the relays operate to isolate the ...


دینامیک سیستم های قدرت - فصل دوم, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

دینامیک سیستم های قدرت - فصل دوم, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

No abstract provided.


دینامیک سیستم های قدرت - فصل سوم - قسمت اول, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

دینامیک سیستم های قدرت - فصل سوم - قسمت اول, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

No abstract provided.


شبکه های عصبی- فصل اول, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

شبکه های عصبی- فصل اول, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

شبکه‌های عصبی سیستم‌ها و روش‌های محاسباتی نوینی هستند برای یادگیری ماشینی، نمایش دانش، و در انتها اعمال دانش به دست آمده در جهت بیش‌بینی پاسخ‌های خروجی از سامانه‌های پیچیده. ایدهٔ اصلی این گونه شبکه‌ها (تا حدودی) الهام‌گرفته از شیوهٔ کارکرد سیستم عصبی زیستی، برای پردازش داده‌ها، و اطلاعات به منظور یادگیری و ایجاد دانش قرار دارد.


شبکه های عصبی- فصل دوم, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

شبکه های عصبی- فصل دوم, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

شبکه‌های عصبی سیستم‌ها و روش‌های محاسباتی نوینی هستند برای یادگیری ماشینی، نمایش دانش، و در انتها اعمال دانش به دست آمده در جهت بیش‌بینی پاسخ‌های خروجی از سامانه‌های پیچیده. ایدهٔ اصلی این گونه شبکه‌ها (تا حدودی) الهام‌گرفته از شیوهٔ کارکرد سیستم عصبی زیستی، برای پردازش داده‌ها، و اطلاعات به منظور یادگیری و ایجاد دانش قرار دارد.


Grid Connected Roof Top Solar Power Generation: A Review, Radhey Shyam Meena Dec 2014

Grid Connected Roof Top Solar Power Generation: A Review, Radhey Shyam Meena

Radhey Shyam Meena

India is blessed with rich solar energy and if exploited efficiently, the country has the potential of producing trillionkilowatts of electricity. Sunlight is converted to electricity directly when made to fall on solar photovoltaic (SPV) modules. Systems /devices are made for various applications based on SPV modules connected with suitably designed power conditioning units for meeting electricity requirements. These systems/devices are designed to work in offgrid mode (usually supported with batteries to allow use when sunlight is low or during night). In recent years solar PV systems became viable and attractive. Utility scale plants are being set up worldwide ...


شبکه های عصبی- فصل سوم, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

شبکه های عصبی- فصل سوم, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

شبکه‌های عصبی سیستم‌ها و روش‌های محاسباتی نوینی هستند برای یادگیری ماشینی، نمایش دانش، و در انتها اعمال دانش به دست آمده در جهت بیش‌بینی پاسخ‌های خروجی از سامانه‌های پیچیده. ایدهٔ اصلی این گونه شبکه‌ها (تا حدودی) الهام‌گرفته از شیوهٔ کارکرد سیستم عصبی زیستی، برای پردازش داده‌ها، و اطلاعات به منظور یادگیری و ایجاد دانش قرار دارد.


روش تحقیق 2, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

روش تحقیق 2, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

No abstract provided.


روش تحقیق 4, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

روش تحقیق 4, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

No abstract provided.


روش تحقیق 3, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

روش تحقیق 3, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

No abstract provided.


Terrain Referenced Navigation Using Sift Features In Lidar Range-Based Data, Matthew T. Leines Dec 2014

Terrain Referenced Navigation Using Sift Features In Lidar Range-Based Data, Matthew T. Leines

Theses and Dissertations

The use of GNSS in aiding navigation has become widespread in aircraft. The long term accuracy of INS are enhanced by frequent updates of the highly precise position estimations GNSS provide. Unfortunately, operational environments exist where constant signal or the requisite number of satellites are unavailable, significantly degraded, or intentionally denied. This thesis describes a novel algorithm that uses scanning LiDAR range data, computer vision features, and a reference database to generate aircraft position estimations to update drifting INS estimates. The algorithm uses a single calibrated scanning LiDAR to sample the range and angle to the ground as an aircraft ...


Characterizing And Managing Intrusion Detection System (Ids) Alerts With Multi-Server/Multi-Priority Queuing Theory, Christopher C. Olsen Dec 2014

Characterizing And Managing Intrusion Detection System (Ids) Alerts With Multi-Server/Multi-Priority Queuing Theory, Christopher C. Olsen

Theses and Dissertations

The DoD sets forth an objective to employ an active cyber defense capability to prevent intrusions onto DoD networks and systems. Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) are a critical part of network defense architectures, but their alerts can be difficult to manage. This research applies Queuing Theory to the management of IDS alerts, seeking to answer how analysts and priority schemes effect alert processing performance. To characterize the effect of these two variables on queue wait times, a MATLAB simulation was developed to allow parametric analysis under two scenarios. The first varies the number of analysts and the second varies the ...


Improving Non-Linear Approaches To Anomaly Detection, Class Separation, And Visualization, Todd J. Paciencia Dec 2014

Improving Non-Linear Approaches To Anomaly Detection, Class Separation, And Visualization, Todd J. Paciencia

Theses and Dissertations

Linear approaches for multivariate data analysis are popular due to their lower complexity, reduced computational time, and easier interpretation. In many cases, linear approaches produce adequate results; however, non-linear methods may generate more robust transformations, features, and decision boundaries. Of course, these nonlinear methods present their own unique challenges that often inhibit their use. In this research, improvements to existing non-linear techniques are investigated for the purposes of providing better, timely class separation and improved anomaly detection on various multivariate datasets, culminating in application to anomaly detection in hyperspectral imagery. Primarily, kernel-based methods are investigated, with some consideration towards other ...


A Decision Analysis Framework For Evaluation Of Helmet Mounted Display Alternatives For Fighter Aircraft, Matthew R. Dansereau Dec 2014

A Decision Analysis Framework For Evaluation Of Helmet Mounted Display Alternatives For Fighter Aircraft, Matthew R. Dansereau

Theses and Dissertations

The promise of providing an intuitive and efficient information interface, while allowing the warfighter to perform other critical tasks such as targeting or aircraft control, has led to the growing popularity of Helmet Mounted Displays (HMDs) across the military landscape, especially combat aircraft. Though design and selection of competing systems is critical to optimized performance and safety, structured methods for the evaluation of HMDs are not often used in the acquisition community, leaving selection among alternative designs to the judgment of subject matter experts. However, technical decision-making has been shown to be flawed without the use of a structured decision ...


Cloud-Induced Uncertainty For Visual Navigation, Alyssa N. Gutierrez Dec 2014

Cloud-Induced Uncertainty For Visual Navigation, Alyssa N. Gutierrez

Theses and Dissertations

This research addresses the numerical distortion of features due to the presence of clouds in an image. The research aims to quantify the probability of a mismatch between two features in a single image, which will describe the likelihood that a visual navigation system incorrectly tracks a feature throughout an image sequence, leading to position miscalculations. First, an algorithm is developed for calculating transparency of clouds in images at the pixel level. The algorithm determines transparency based on the distance between each pixel color and the average pixel color of the clouds. The algorithm is used to create a dataset ...