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2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 8953

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Engineering Assessment Development Report: Ahelo Feasibility Study, Jacob Pearce, Julian Fraillon, Hamish Coates, Sarah Richardson Aug 2015

Engineering Assessment Development Report: Ahelo Feasibility Study, Jacob Pearce, Julian Fraillon, Hamish Coates, Sarah Richardson

Julian Fraillon

No abstract provided.


Multi-Scale Models For Sulfonated Cross-Linked Poly (1, 3-Cyclohexadiene) Polymer, Qifei Wang, David Keffer, Suxiang Deng, Jimmy Mays May 2013

Multi-Scale Models For Sulfonated Cross-Linked Poly (1, 3-Cyclohexadiene) Polymer, Qifei Wang, David Keffer, Suxiang Deng, Jimmy Mays

Jimmy W. Mays

Atomistic and coarse-grained (CG) models of cross-linked sulfonated Poly (1, 3-cyclohexadiene) (xsPCHD) were developed and implemented in Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations of PCHD chains with different architectures. In the atomistic model, PCHD chains are cross linked by a sulfur–sulfur bond. Sulfonic acid groups are evenly distributed along the chain. The architecture is specifically aimed for application as a proton exchange membrane used in fuel cells. An atomistic force field for this architecture was tested and applied in the atomistic MD simulation of xsPCHD for the first time. The atomistic simulations generate the density and cross-linker separation distribution. To further ...


Online State Of Charge And Electrical Impedance Estimation For Multicell Lithium-Ion Batteries, Taesic Kim, Wei Qiao, Liyan Qu Dec 2012

Online State Of Charge And Electrical Impedance Estimation For Multicell Lithium-Ion Batteries, Taesic Kim, Wei Qiao, Liyan Qu

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

This paper proposes a hybrid battery model-based high-fidelity state of charge (SOC) and electrical impedance estimation method for multicell lithium-ion batteries. The hybrid battery model consists of an enhanced Coulomb counting algorithm for SOC estimation and an electrical circuit battery model. A particle swarm optimization (PSO)-based online parameter identification algorithm is designed to estimate the electrical parameters of the cells sequentially. An SOC compensator is designed to correct the errors of the enhanced Coulomb counting SOC estimations for the cells sequentially. This leads to an accurate, robust online SOC estimation for individual cells of a battery pack. The proposed ...


Quantification Of Thoracic Aorta Blood Flow By Magnetic Resonance Imaging During Supine Cycling Exercise Of Increasing Intensity, Laura M. Ellwein, John F. Ladisa, Stacy Leibham, Sheila M. Schindler-Ivens, Margaret M. Samyn Dec 2012

Quantification Of Thoracic Aorta Blood Flow By Magnetic Resonance Imaging During Supine Cycling Exercise Of Increasing Intensity, Laura M. Ellwein, John F. Ladisa, Stacy Leibham, Sheila M. Schindler-Ivens, Margaret M. Samyn

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Radar Based Navigation In Unknown Terrain, Kyle J. Kauffman Dec 2012

Radar Based Navigation In Unknown Terrain, Kyle J. Kauffman

Theses and Dissertations

There is a great need to develop non-GPS based methods for positioning and navigation in situations where GPS is not available. This research focuses on the development of an Ultra-Wideband Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexed (UWB-OFDM) radar as a navigation sensor in GPS-denied environments. A side-looking vehicle-fixed UWB-OFDM radar is mounted to a ground or aerial vehicle continuously collecting data. A set of signal processing algorithms and methods are developed which use the raw radar data to aide in calculating the vehicle position and velocity via a simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) approach. The radar processing algorithms detect strong, persistent, and ...


Fabrication And Evaluation Of A Collagen-Based Fiber-Gel Three-Dimensional Construct For Peripheral Nerve Repair, Mevan Lakmal Siriwardane Dec 2012

Fabrication And Evaluation Of A Collagen-Based Fiber-Gel Three-Dimensional Construct For Peripheral Nerve Repair, Mevan Lakmal Siriwardane

Dissertations

Nerve regeneration following a peripheral nerve injury often relies on growth cone- mediated guidance and the presence of Schwann cells to support the regenerating axons and remyelinate portions of denervated nerve pathways. The emphasis of this work is to develop a synthetic nervous tissue construct that contains similar basal lamina or extracellular matrix to peripheral nerve in order to achieve a level of effectiveness in nerve repair and future peripheral nerve regeneration applications. To this end, three- dimensional nervous tissue constructs consisting of type I collagen are fabricated into a composite biomaterial scaffold to promote contact-guided growth of neuronal and ...


Dynamic Response Of Highway Bridges Under A Moving Truck And Development Of A Rational Serviceability Requirement, Shabnam Darjani Dec 2012

Dynamic Response Of Highway Bridges Under A Moving Truck And Development Of A Rational Serviceability Requirement, Shabnam Darjani

Dissertations

Through the development and usage of high-strength materials, the design of more flexible bridges is unavoidable. It is assumed that limiting a bridge static deflection would control the excessive vibration caused by more flexible design. However, results of prior studies indicate that deflection limits do not necessarily address bridges vibrational issue.

This dissertation addresses the parameters affecting bridge vibration and provides simple equations to compute bridge dynamic acceleration, velocity and displacement in both transient and steady state parts of the vibration. These equations can then be used to control bridges excessive vibration; and provide human comfort and structural performance.

A ...


Particle Engineering Via Surface Modification During Micronization For Pharmaceutical Applications, Xi Han Dec 2012

Particle Engineering Via Surface Modification During Micronization For Pharmaceutical Applications, Xi Han

Dissertations

Improving the dissolution rate of Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS) class II drugs is an important research area. Micronization which can increase the specific surface area is a promising method to improve the dissolution rate. Micronization alone, however, can lead to downstream processing problems related to poor flow and dispersion properties. The importance of the flowability of pharmaceutical powders is well-documented in the literature. It is, therefore, important to develop a method that can simultaneously overcome these processing issues and allow for micronizing the API. In this work, dry particle coating technique is investigated in the context of micronizing API powders ...


Separation Of Various Organic-Organic And Aqueous-Organic Solutions Via Pervaporation, John Tang Dec 2012

Separation Of Various Organic-Organic And Aqueous-Organic Solutions Via Pervaporation, John Tang

Dissertations

Pervaporation, an energy saving separation process, can be useful in pharmaceutical processing. However, the organic solvents involved in pharmaceutical product synthesis are chemically demanding; very few polymers are able to withstand them. An ideal membrane would be polymeric having a high thermal, chemical and mechanical stability. Such a membrane is made of a copolymer of polydimethyldioxole and tetrafluoroethylene known as PDD-TFE of the CMS-3 variety with a very high free volume. This novel membrane is used to separate a variety of organic-organic and aqueous-organic mixtures. An earlier study based on water-ethanol-isopropanol has shown evidence that the membrane selectivity may be ...


Novel Algorithms For Fair Bandwidth Sharing On Counter Rotating Rings, Mete Yilmaz Dec 2012

Novel Algorithms For Fair Bandwidth Sharing On Counter Rotating Rings, Mete Yilmaz

Dissertations

Rings are often preferred technology for networks as ring networks can virtually create fully connected mesh networks efficiently and they are also easy to manage. However, providing fair service to all the stations on the ring is not always easy to achieve.

In order to capitalize on the advantages of ring networks, new buffer insertion techniques, such as Spatial Reuse Protocol (SRP), were introduced in early 2000s. As a result, a new standard known as IEEE 802.17 Resilient Packet Ring was defined in 2004 by the IEEE Resilient Packet Ring (RPR) Working Group. Since then two addenda have been ...


Driver Injury Severity At U.S. Highway-Rail Crossings, Wei Hao Dec 2012

Driver Injury Severity At U.S. Highway-Rail Crossings, Wei Hao

Dissertations

There are approximately 240,000 highway-rail grade crossings in the United States and highway-rail grade crossing areas have been considered in this study as these are locations where crashes frequently occur. Existing studies on crash models at highway- rail grade crossings can be classified into two categories: accident frequency prediction models and driver injury severity models. Accident frequency prediction at highway-rail grade crossings have been investigated by previous studies using varied statistical models. Few studies, however, have focused on driver injury severity studies. Three drawbacks will be addressed in this research including limitations in traditional highway- rail grade crossings studies ...


Synthesis Of Mn3o4-Encapsulated Graphene Sheet Nanocomposites Via A Facile, Fast Microwave Hydrothermal Method And Their Supercapacitive Behaviour, Li Li, Kuok Hau Seng, Zhixin Chen, Hua-Kun Liu, Ivan P. Nevirkovets, Zaiping Guo Dec 2012

Synthesis Of Mn3o4-Encapsulated Graphene Sheet Nanocomposites Via A Facile, Fast Microwave Hydrothermal Method And Their Supercapacitive Behaviour, Li Li, Kuok Hau Seng, Zhixin Chen, Hua-Kun Liu, Ivan P. Nevirkovets, Zaiping Guo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Well-crystallized Mn3O4-anchored reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanocomposites have been successfully synthesized via a facile, effective, energy-saving, and scalable microwave hydrothermal technique for potential application as supercapacitor material. Integrating these nanostructures resulted in a strong synergistic effect between the two materials, consequently leading to a hybrid composite with higher specific capacitance compared to the bare Mn3O4 nanoparticles. The results from different sorts of characterization indicate that the Mn3O4 particles were deposited and anchored on graphene sheets. The capacitance value of the rGO(31.6%)–Mn3O4 nanocomposite reached 153 F/g, much higher than that of the bare Mn3O4 (87 F/g ...


Fuzzy Logic For Task Space Telemanipulation Of A Five Fingered Robotic Hand, Raaghavann Srinivasan Dec 2012

Fuzzy Logic For Task Space Telemanipulation Of A Five Fingered Robotic Hand, Raaghavann Srinivasan

Theses

This work presents a fuzzy logic based HandyMan (Hand gesture commands for grasping and manipulation) system to recognize the operator's hand gestures during task space telemanipulation. A combination of joint positions may be shared between at least two manipulation gestures. To avoid misinterpretation of gestures by the gesture recognition system, six new manipulation gestures were introduced. The gestures are produced by the user wearing a CyberGlove™.

This system replaces the previous HandyMan gesture recognition method. The output of the fuzzy system drives the state machines to implement the gestures with the robot hand.

The experimental results show that the ...


Diffuse Axonal Injury Effect On Myelinating Cells And Axons, Jennifer Alison Zalk Dec 2012

Diffuse Axonal Injury Effect On Myelinating Cells And Axons, Jennifer Alison Zalk

Theses

There is no supporting evidence whether myelin degeneration in diffuse axonal injury (DAI) of the white matter is due to death of myelinating oligodendrocytes or secondary axotomy. Cortical neurons are not able to remain healthy in culture to have their axons myelinated. Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons have been shown to be myelinated by cortical oligodendrocytes in culture. An in vitro stretch injury model was used to analyze the DRG axon pathology during and after injury. DRG myelinating Schwann cells are analyzed to demonstrate what is expected from injury to oligodendrocytes. DRG axons demonstrated a high tolerance to stretch ...


Mathematical Modeling Of Heavy Metals Diffusion And Removal From Cylindrical Cement Forms Coated With Bio-Film, Mojdeh Tabatabaie Dec 2012

Mathematical Modeling Of Heavy Metals Diffusion And Removal From Cylindrical Cement Forms Coated With Bio-Film, Mojdeh Tabatabaie

Dissertations

A mathematical model is developed to predict bioleachi ng of heavy metals from long cylindrical shape cementitious samples. In this model, the metal concentration difference within the solid and its surface is considered as the main driving force for transport of metals to the surface of a sample at a given temperature and pressure. Fick’s first and second law are applied to explain the motion of contaminants in a long and uniform cylindrical solid. In addition, the model considers Michaelis-Menten type kinetics, a special case of the widely accepted Langmuir-Hinshelwood reaction mechanism, at the surface of the encapsulating cylinder ...


Separation Control On High Lift Low-Pressure Turbine Airfoils Using Pulsed Vortex Generator Jets, Ralph J. Volino, Mounir B. Ibrahim Dec 2012

Separation Control On High Lift Low-Pressure Turbine Airfoils Using Pulsed Vortex Generator Jets, Ralph J. Volino, Mounir B. Ibrahim

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Boundary layer separation control has been studied using vortex generator jets (VGJs) on a very high lift, low-pressure turbine airfoil. Experiments were done under low (0.6%) freestream turbulence conditions on a linear cascade in a low speed wind tunnel. Pressure surveys on the airfoil surface and downstream total pressure loss surveys were documented. Instantaneous velocity profile measurements were acquired in the suction surface boundary layer. Cases were considered at Reynolds numbers (based on the suction surface length and the nominal exit velocity from the cascade) of 25000 and 50000. Jet pulsing frequency and duty cycle were varied. In cases ...


Quantification Of Human Motion On Roller Coaster Rides, Chirag Burman Dec 2012

Quantification Of Human Motion On Roller Coaster Rides, Chirag Burman

Theses

Case reports have been published of people experiencing symptoms of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and/or ailments of the vascular tissue around the head. These reports pointed towards G-forces, a scalar measure without a specified direction, which represent the measure of the acceleration of an object divided by acceleration caused by gravity (9.81 m/s2), as a cause of said injuries. Research has been conducted on quantifying the G-forces experienced while on roller coasters, as well as the change in heart rate. However these studies have not been able to show a link between roller-coasters and symptoms.

This ...


Safety Performance Comparison Between Light Rail Transit And Subway, Nehemie Jasmin Dec 2012

Safety Performance Comparison Between Light Rail Transit And Subway, Nehemie Jasmin

Theses

Along with the expansion and addition of guide way transit systems, such as light rail and subway, there came the need to compare the safety performance of each mode. The multimodal transportation systems with many different technologies, operating characteristics and diversified environments made it more difficult to compare their safety.

In order to evaluate the potential for intermodal comparison of safety performance measures, the thesis has focused on the subway and Light Rail Transit (LRT) modes at the national level. Starting with clear definitions of each safety category, the analysis utilizes mostly the National Transit Database (NTD) from recent years ...


Addressing The Feasibility Of Usi-Based Threads Scheduler On Polymorphic Computing System, Zhang Zhang Dec 2012

Addressing The Feasibility Of Usi-Based Threads Scheduler On Polymorphic Computing System, Zhang Zhang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The consistent advances in IC technology result in ever increasing number of transistors. There is more and more interest attracted on the issue of using these transistors in computing more efficiently. The CMP (Chip Multi &ndash processors) is predicted to be one of the most promising solutions for this problem in future. The heterogeneous CMP is supposed to provide more computing efficiency compared to the homogeneous CMP architecture; but it requires complex processing art for manufacturing, which makes it less competitive in the old era. Nowadays, the complicate SOC(System On Chip) manufacturing techniques are pacing fast. This is leading us inexorably to heterogeneous CMP with diverse computing style resources like general purpose CPU, GPU, FPGA, and ASIC cores. In the heterogeneous CMP architecture, the generous purpose CPU provides coverage for all computing ...


13c-Metabolic Flux Analysis Of Soybean Somatic Embryos For Identification Of Metabolic Control Points In Developing Seed, Quyen Xuan Truong Dec 2012

13c-Metabolic Flux Analysis Of Soybean Somatic Embryos For Identification Of Metabolic Control Points In Developing Seed, Quyen Xuan Truong

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Of the world's major agronomic food crops soybeans rank highest in protein content (~40% Dwt) while also containing significant quantities of oil (~20% Dwt). Based on these unique characteristics soy has become a mainstay in world agriculture, providing a protein source for livestock and human nutrition (68% of global vegetable protein meal consumption in 2011) as well as a primary source of vegetable oil (28% of global vegetable oil consumption in 2011; http://www.soystats.com/2012). The value of soy is therefore found both in its oil and protein content and increasing the content of both is therefore ...


Quantification Of Neural Substrates Of Vergence System Via Fmri, Yelda Alkan Dec 2012

Quantification Of Neural Substrates Of Vergence System Via Fmri, Yelda Alkan

Dissertations

Vergence eye movement is one of the oculomotor systems which allow depth perception via disconjugate movement of the eyes. Neuroimaging methods such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measure neural activity changes activity in the brain while subjects perform experimental tasks. A rich body of primate investigations on vergence is already established in the neurophysiology literature; on the other hand, there are a limited number of fMRI studies on neural mechanisms behind the vergence system.

The results demonstrated that vergence system shares neural sources and also shows differentiation within the boundaries of frontal eye fields (FEF) and midbrain of the ...


Leaching Of Metals And Metalloids From Highway Marking Glass Beads And The Potential Environmental Impact, Nimrat K. Sandhu Dec 2012

Leaching Of Metals And Metalloids From Highway Marking Glass Beads And The Potential Environmental Impact, Nimrat K. Sandhu

Dissertations

Glass beads are embedded in pavement markings to obtain retroreflectivity which plays a crucial role in the lighting-up effect needed for safe driving. Elevated metal and metalloid concentrations of As, Sb, and Pb have recently been observed in imported glass beads. The main objective of this research was to assess the environmental impact associated with applying these imported glass beads in highway markings. To achieve this objective, total metal concentrations were measured using two techniques: hydrofluoric acid digestion followed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (HF/ICP-MS), and field portable x-ray fluorescence (FP-XRF) spectroscopy. A number of leaching studies were ...


An Investigation Of Security Challenges In Cognitive Radio Networks, Deepraj S. Vernekar Dec 2012

An Investigation Of Security Challenges In Cognitive Radio Networks, Deepraj S. Vernekar

Theses, Dissertations, & Student Research in Computer Electronics & Engineering

The recent advances in wireless communication have led to the problem of growing spectrum scarcity. The available wireless spectrum has become scarcer due to increasing spectrum demand for new wireless applications. The large portion of the allocated spectrum is sporadically used leading to underutilization of significant amount of spectrum. To improve the spectrum efficiency, the idea of cognitive radio technology was introduced. This concept of cognitive radio provides a promising solution for the spectrum scarcity issues in wireless networks. Meanwhile, the security issues of cognitive radio have received more attentions recently since the inherent properties of CR networks would pose ...


An Ultra-Low Power Communication Protocol For A Self-Powered Wireless Sensor Based Animal Monitoring System, Tao Ma Dec 2012

An Ultra-Low Power Communication Protocol For A Self-Powered Wireless Sensor Based Animal Monitoring System, Tao Ma

Theses, Dissertations, & Student Research in Computer Electronics & Engineering

To prevent and control the outbreak of contagious animal disease, many countries have developed animal identification and tracking systems. However, the current animal identification and tracking system, which is based on passive RFID technology, has many limitations such as the short communication range and incapability of automatically monitoring the animal. To overcome these limitations, our Advanced Telecommunications Engineering Laboratory (TEL) in Department of Computer and Electronics Engineering (CEEN), University of Nebraska-Lincoln took the mission of developing a more advanced monitoring system for animal identification and tracking. This dissertation work as a part of this mission was focusing on developing an ...


Online Nonintrusive Condition Monitoring And Fault Detection For Wind Turbines, Xiang Gong Dec 2012

Online Nonintrusive Condition Monitoring And Fault Detection For Wind Turbines, Xiang Gong

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

The goal of this dissertation research is to develop online nonintrusive condition monitoring and fault detection methods for wind turbine generators (WTGs). The proposed methods use only the current measurements that have already been used by the control and protection systems of WTGs; no additional sensors or data acquisition devices are needed. Current-based condition monitoring and fault detection techniques have great economic benefits and the potential to be adopted by the wind energy industry. However, there are challenges in using current measurements for wind turbine condition monitoring and fault detection. First, it is a challenge to extract WTG fault signatures ...


Virtual Teams And E-Entrepreneurship, Nader Ale Ebrahim Dec 2012

Virtual Teams And E-Entrepreneurship, Nader Ale Ebrahim

Nader Ale Ebrahim

The advent of the virtual teams has facilitated the emergence and formation of new companies within the Net Economy which called e-Entrepreneurship. The terms of e-Entrepreneurship and virtual teams still are new in the scholarly papers. Therefore, this introductory presentation focuses on different aspects of virtual teams and e-entrepreneurship.


An Investigation Of Oxygen Reduction Kinetics In Lsf Electrodes, Rainer Küngas, Anthony S. Yu, Julie Levine, John M. Vohs, Raymond J. Gorte Dec 2012

An Investigation Of Oxygen Reduction Kinetics In Lsf Electrodes, Rainer Küngas, Anthony S. Yu, Julie Levine, John M. Vohs, Raymond J. Gorte

Departmental Papers (CBE)

The characteristics of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathodes, prepared by infiltration of La0.8Sr0.2FeO3−δ (LSF) into porous yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) scaffolds, were evaluated by studying the effect of p(O2) and of Al2O3overlayers deposited by Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) on impedance spectra at 873 and 973 K. The electrode resistance of LSF-YSZ composites calcined at 1123 K was dominated by high-frequency processes that show a relatively weak p(O2) dependence of −0.2 at 973 K. Composites calcined to 1373 K exhibited additional, low-frequency features in ...


A Nonparametric Approach To Segmentation Of Ladar Images, Eric A. Buschelman Dec 2012

A Nonparametric Approach To Segmentation Of Ladar Images, Eric A. Buschelman

Theses and Dissertations

The advent of advanced laser radar (ladar) systems that record full-waveform signal data has inspired numerous inquisitions which aspire to extract additional, previously unavailable, information about the illuminated scene from the collected data. The quality of the information, however, is often related to the limitations of the ladar camera used to collect the data. This research project uses full-waveform analysis of ladar signals, and basic principles of optics, to propose a new formulation for an accepted signal model. A new waveform model taking into account backscatter reflectance is the key to overcoming specific deficiencies of the ladar camera at hand ...


Exploitation Of Rf-Dna For Device Classification And Verification Using Grlvqi Processing, Donald R. Reising Dec 2012

Exploitation Of Rf-Dna For Device Classification And Verification Using Grlvqi Processing, Donald R. Reising

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation introduces a GRLVQI classifier into an RF-DNA fingerprinting process and demonstrates applicability for device classification and ID verification. Unlike MDA/ML processing, GRLVQI provides a measure of feature relevance that enables Dimensional Reduction Analysis (DRA) to enhance the experimental-to-operational transition potential of RF-DNA fingerprinting. Using 2D Gabor Transform RF-DNA fingerprints extracted from experimentally collected OFDM-based 802.16 WiMAX and 802.11 WiFi device emissions, average GRLVQI classification accuracy of %C greater than or equal to 90% is achieved using full and reduced dimensional feature sets at SNR greater than or equal to 10.0 dB and SNR greater ...


Correct Spectral Conversion Between Surface‐Enhanced Raman And Plasmon Resonance Scattering From Nanoparticle Dimers For Single‐Molecule Detection, Kyuwan Lee Dec 2012

Correct Spectral Conversion Between Surface‐Enhanced Raman And Plasmon Resonance Scattering From Nanoparticle Dimers For Single‐Molecule Detection, Kyuwan Lee

Kyuwan Lee

Simultaneous measurement of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in nanoparticle dimers presents outstanding opportunities in molecular identification and in the elucidation of physical properties, such as the size, distance, and deformation of target species. SERS–LSPR instrumentation exists and has been used under limited conditions, but the extraction of SERS and LSPR readouts from a single measurement is still a challenge. Herein, the extraction of LSPR spectra from SERS signals is reported and a tool for measuring the interparticle distance from Raman enhancement data by the standardization of the SERS signal is proposed. The SERS ...