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2002

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Przebieg Zmienności Stężeń Wybranych Zanieczyszczeń W Gazach Odlotowych Z Procesu Mokrego Gaszenia Koksu, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki Dec 2002

Przebieg Zmienności Stężeń Wybranych Zanieczyszczeń W Gazach Odlotowych Z Procesu Mokrego Gaszenia Koksu, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki

Robert Oleniacz

Continuous measurement results of selected constituent concentrations in the gases emitted to the air during the coke wet quenching process were presented and discussed in the paper. The measurements were carried out for the standard wet quenching tower. The research covered such substances as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen oxide, nitrogen dioxide and a total content of hydrocarbons and hydrogen (combustible gases). Changeability of the substance concentrations depending of the quenching process duration was analyzed. Among other things the beginning of these substances formation, appearance of the maximum and the range of observed concentrations were taken into consideration ...


Packet Data Communications Over Coded Cdma With Hybrid Type-Ii Arq, Seokhyun Yoon Dec 2002

Packet Data Communications Over Coded Cdma With Hybrid Type-Ii Arq, Seokhyun Yoon

Dissertations

This dissertation presents in-depth investigation of turbo-coded CDNIA systems in packet data communication terminology. It is divided into three parts; (1) CDMA with hybrid FEC/ARQ in deterministic environment, (2) CDMA with hybrid FEC/ARQ in random access environment and (3) an implementation issue on turbo decoding.

As a preliminary, the performance of CDMA with hybrid FEC/ARQ is investigated in deterministic environment. It highlights the practically achievable spectral efficiency of CDMA system with turbo codes and the effect of code rates on the performance of systems with MF and LMMSE receivers, respectively. For given ensemble distance spectra of punctured ...


Acoustical Characterization And Parameter Optimization Of Polymeric Noise Control Materials, Emile N. Homsi Dec 2002

Acoustical Characterization And Parameter Optimization Of Polymeric Noise Control Materials, Emile N. Homsi

Dissertations

The sound transmission loss (STL) characteristics of polymer-based materials are considered. Analytical models that predict, characterize and optimize the STL of polymeric materials, with respect to physical parameters that affect performance, are developed for single layer panel configuration and adapted for layered panel construction with homogenous core. An optimum set of material parameters is selected and translated into practical applications for validation.

Sound attenuating thermoplastic materials designed to be used as barrier systems in the automotive and consumer industries have certain acoustical characteristics that vary in function of the stiffness and density of the selected material. The validity and applicability ...


Evaporating Crossflow Sprays In Gas-Solid Flows, Guangliang Liu Dec 2002

Evaporating Crossflow Sprays In Gas-Solid Flows, Guangliang Liu

Dissertations

Injection of evaporating sprays into gas-solid flows is encountered in many engineering processes such as energy production industry and chemical industry. The phenomenon involves phase change, three-phase interactions, heat and mass transfer. All of these characteristics control the process efficiency, pollutant production and product quality. However, very limited studies are available on the evaporating spray jets in gas-solid flows, especially on the spray evaporation rate within a gas-solid medium. A combined study of experiments and theoretical analysis has been carried out here to investigate the fundamental mechanism of evaporating Crossflow spray jets in gas-solid flows.

In this study, in addition ...


Numerical And Experimental Investigation Of Dry Particle Coating, Ajit Mujumdar Dec 2002

Numerical And Experimental Investigation Of Dry Particle Coating, Ajit Mujumdar

Dissertations

Dry particle coating is an emerging field in the industries that deal with particulate products and powder processing. Compared to the widely reported experimental studies of the dry particle coating, the theoretical modeling of such processes is found to be less comprehensive. The work presented in this thesis is an attempt to fill this gap.

The first part of the dissertation aims at the numerical investigation of the hybridization system (Nara Machinery, Tokyo, Japan). The flow behavior of different materials processed in this device is analyzed using three-dimensional Discrete Element Method (DEM) as well as the computational fluid dynamics (CFD ...


Network Lifetime Extension, Power Conservation And Interference Suppression For Next Generation Mobile Wireless Networks, Amer Catovic Dec 2002

Network Lifetime Extension, Power Conservation And Interference Suppression For Next Generation Mobile Wireless Networks, Amer Catovic

Dissertations

Two major focus research areas related to the design of the next generation multihop wireless networks are network lifetime extension and interference suppression. In this dissertation, these two issues are addressed.

In the area of interference suppression, a new family of projection multiuser detectors, based on a generalized, two-stage design is proposed. Projection multiuser detectors provide efficient protection against undesired interference of unknown power, while preserving simple design, with closed-form solution for error probabilities. It is shown that these detectors are linearly optimal, if the interference power is unknown.

In the area of network lifetime extension, a new approach to ...


A Reactive Melt Modification Of Polyethylene Terephthalate, Rahul Ramesh Dhavalikar Dec 2002

A Reactive Melt Modification Of Polyethylene Terephthalate, Rahul Ramesh Dhavalikar

Dissertations

This work investigates the structural and chemorheological modification of polyethylene terephthalate in the melt phase with low molecular weight multifunctional glycidyl compounds as reactive additives. Polyethylene terephthalate undergoes chain extension and/or branching reactions with the additives that result in modified rheological properties suitable for certain polymer processing operations such as extrusion blow molding or extrusion foaming to low densities.

Among five different low MW difunctional and trifunctional epoxy compounds, triglycidyl isocyanurate is shown to be an efficient reactive melt modifier for commercially available polyethylene terephthalate polymers. Its stability at the polyethylene terephthalate melt temperatures is confirmed offline through thermogravimetric ...


Joint Buffer Management And Scheduling For Input Queued Switches, Dequan Liu Dec 2002

Joint Buffer Management And Scheduling For Input Queued Switches, Dequan Liu

Dissertations

Input queued (IQ) switches are highly scalable and they have been the focus of many studies from academia and industry. Many scheduling algorithms have been proposed for IQ switches. However, they do not consider the buffer space requirement inside an IQ switch that may render the scheduling algorithms inefficient in practical applications.

In this dissertation, the Queue Length Proportional (QLP) algorithm is proposed for IQ switches. QLP considers both the buffer management and the scheduling mechanism to obtain the optimal allocation region for both bandwidth and buffer space according to real traffic load. In addition, this dissertation introduces the Queue ...


An Invariance Transformation Algorithm For Defect Characterization Of Ultrasonic Signals For The Nondestructive Evaluation Of Concrete, Michael Dominic Ciocco Dec 2002

An Invariance Transformation Algorithm For Defect Characterization Of Ultrasonic Signals For The Nondestructive Evaluation Of Concrete, Michael Dominic Ciocco

Theses and Dissertations

Nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques offer cost-effective strategies for monitoring the integrity of a variety of civil infrastructure, such as natural gas and sewer pipelines, without the need to take the system off-line. However, interpretation of NDE signals in terms of the location, size, and shape of underlying flaws in the material being inspected is fraught with difficulty. Typically, variations in the testing signal due to operational parameters have created a significant challenge for defect characterization. This thesis proposes, develops, and validates a defect characterization algorithm that compensates for operational variables and maps the test signal to a visual defect profile ...


Numerical Study Of Pneumatic Conveying Of Powders, Muhammad Mushahid Rafique Quereshi Dec 2002

Numerical Study Of Pneumatic Conveying Of Powders, Muhammad Mushahid Rafique Quereshi

Theses

The dense phase mode may be advantageous over the dilute phase mode, for some pneumatic conveying problems, because it causes less erosion of the pipeline, less attrition of the material, requires less dust collection and is effective even for smaller pipe diameters. The objective of this study is to numerically determine the parameters that govern the formation slugs in dense phase conveying. The distributed Lagrange multiplier/fictitious domain method (Glowinski et al. 1998 and Singh et al. 2000) is used to perform direct simulations of the motion of solid and gas phases in pipes with rectangular cross-sections. In this approach ...


Robust And Efficient Video/Image Transmission, Xi Min Zhang Dec 2002

Robust And Efficient Video/Image Transmission, Xi Min Zhang

Dissertations

The Internet has become a primary medium for information transmission. The unreliability of channel conditions, limited channel bandwidth and explosive growth of information transmission requests, however, hinder its further development. Hence, research on robust and efficient delivery of video/image content is demanding nowadays.

Three aspects of this task, error burst correction, efficient rate allocation and random error protection are investigated in this dissertation. A novel technique, called successive packing, is proposed for combating multi-dimensional (M-D) bursts of errors. A new concept of basis interleaving array is introduced. By combining different basis arrays, effective M-D interleaving can be realized. It ...


Computer Simulation Of Automotive Disc Brake Noise, Vadims Milovs Dec 2002

Computer Simulation Of Automotive Disc Brake Noise, Vadims Milovs

Theses

Disc brake noise continues to be a major concern throughout the automotive industry despite efforts to reduce its occurrence. Many articles are written on this subject, but there still is no agreement on what exactly causes disc brake noise and what part of the braking system is responsible for it.

The goal of current research was to build a simplified but inclusive mathematical model of a disc brake system and investigate it using Matlab software. The twodimensional model including damping, Stribeck effect and stick-slip friction was built.

The model is unique in a way that all the similar models have ...


Study Of Vapor/Gas Permeation Using Thin Immobilized Liquid Membrane, Gordana Obuskovic Dec 2002

Study Of Vapor/Gas Permeation Using Thin Immobilized Liquid Membrane, Gordana Obuskovic

Dissertations

To improve liquid membrane selectivity and stability for removal of vapor and gases from a gas stream, a thin immobilized liquid membrane (ILM) has been studied. Low vapor pressure liquid solvent/solutions were immobilized in part of the micropores of a hydrophilic, hydrophobic or ceramic hollow fiber substrate. To prepare such thin ILMs, three approaches were used: evaporation of the a volatile solvent; acrylic acid-grafted hollow fibers providing a thin hydrophilic layer; pressurization technique.

For removal of volatile organic compound (VOC), a thin ILM of silicone oil incorporated in the micropores of a hydrophobic hollow fiber with a silicone rubber ...


Shear Strengthening Of Rc Beams Using Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Laminates, Zhichao Zhang Dec 2002

Shear Strengthening Of Rc Beams Using Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Laminates, Zhichao Zhang

Dissertations

Shear failure is catastrophic and occurs usually without advanced warning, thus it is desirable that the beam fails in flexure rather than in shear. Many existing reinforced concrete (RC) members are found to be deficient in shear strength and need to be repaired. Deficiencies occur due to several reasons such as insufficient shear reinforcement or reduction in steel area due to corrosion, increased service load, and construction defects. Externally bonded reinforcement such as Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) provides an excellent solution in these situations.

In order to investigate the shear behavior of RC beams with externally bonded CFRP shear ...


Integrating Tolerances In G And M Codes Using Neural Networks, Vijay Kumar Sundareshan Dec 2002

Integrating Tolerances In G And M Codes Using Neural Networks, Vijay Kumar Sundareshan

Theses

Continuous integrated solutions from CAD down to the preparation of NC programs were developed in the recent years. However, if tolerances should be considered, the interaction of human experts is still necessary. A way to fill this gap in the production process is shown in this thesis. The study builds a relationship between the given design tolerances and including these tolerances in machining by generating respective G and M codes. The study focuses on physical phenomena and their inter-relationship while manufacturing. For example how the speed of machining, torque, power, depth of cut, etc. influences machining under specified tolerances. Artificial ...


The Development Of A Biodegradable Scaffold For A Tissue Engineered Heart Valve, Thomas Adam Alheidt Dec 2002

The Development Of A Biodegradable Scaffold For A Tissue Engineered Heart Valve, Thomas Adam Alheidt

Theses

In the current state of medical technology, there exists the need for a quality medical device to replace a failing heart valve. Presently, mechanical valves as well as donor tissue valves, either from humans or animals are used to replace failing heart valves. These valves although they can operate in the heart satisfactorily are not equal to the body replacing its own valve. Tissue Engineering in simple terms is the field of helping the body replace its own failing organ. In scientific terms, Tissue Engineering is a relatively young field, a majority of the major advancements have come in the ...


Evaluation Of Intrusion Detection Systems With Automatic Traffic Generation Programs, Friday Bassey Akpan Dec 2002

Evaluation Of Intrusion Detection Systems With Automatic Traffic Generation Programs, Friday Bassey Akpan

Theses

In this master's thesis work, a program was developed using the Perl programming language to enable user defined attack programs to run automatically. A similar program was also developed for background traffic. With this program, the different features of the Nmap exploration and scanning tool were exploited to build scenarios of attacks.

Automated scenarios of attacks running in to the order of hundreds were developed. Also, different sets of automated stealthy attacks scenarios running in to the order of hundreds were developed using the timing modes, stealthy scans and scan delay features of Nmap.

These automated attacks scenarios were ...


Firewall Interface For Java Ftp Smtp And Http Servers, Ratan Kumar Erukulla Dec 2002

Firewall Interface For Java Ftp Smtp And Http Servers, Ratan Kumar Erukulla

Theses

The objective of my thesis is to develop a firewall interface for FTP, HTTP and SMTP servers. A firewall interface is a graphical user interface (GUI) to configure the properties of the server. Using this interface, we can spy a user, block and unblock the IP address of a client, display statistics of user and server. We can track all the user actions while he is connected to the server. These actions are logged and based on the log data we can deny access to users performing illegal operations. All the servers and interfaces are written in Java. Java was ...


In Situ Laser Etch-Depth Monitoring Of The Deep Reactive Ion Etching Process, Yuki Imura Dec 2002

In Situ Laser Etch-Depth Monitoring Of The Deep Reactive Ion Etching Process, Yuki Imura

Theses

A laser-based method for measuring feature thickness during the deep reactive ion etching process is investigated. Interference occurs between laser beam reflections from the mask surface, the mask/silicon interface, and the exposed silicon surface of a process wafer. Information from this interference signal allows the etch process to be characterized. Three methods are investigated: laser-on-SiO2, laser-on-photoresist, and laser-on-both SiO2 and silicon at a mask edge.

The measured data from these experiments are found to be in good agreement with theoretical calculations. Differences in reflected beam amplitude and interference fringe frequency represent well the differences SiO2 and ...


Characterization And Corrosion Of Bcc-Tantalum Coating Deposited On Aluminum And Steel Substrate By Dc Magnetron Sputtering, Chirag Joshi Dec 2002

Characterization And Corrosion Of Bcc-Tantalum Coating Deposited On Aluminum And Steel Substrate By Dc Magnetron Sputtering, Chirag Joshi

Theses

Tantalum is one of the most versatile highly refractory corrosion-resistant metals. Tantalum coating can be used as an effective corrosion barrier if it is continuous, free from defects and it adheres well to the substrate. A DC magnetron sputtering technique was used to deposit tantalum on aluminum and steel. X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that the tantalum films produced by sputtering had two crystallographic structures: a body centered cubic α-phase and a metastable tetragonal β-phase. Tough and ductile alpha phase tantalum is preferred over the hard and brittle beta phase tantalum, as a protective coating. Alpha phase coatings were successfully deposited ...


Implementation Of A Two-Dimensional Discrete Element Method To Describe Granular Materials Composed Of Elliptical Cohesionless Particles, Juan Jose Martinez Alvez Dec 2002

Implementation Of A Two-Dimensional Discrete Element Method To Describe Granular Materials Composed Of Elliptical Cohesionless Particles, Juan Jose Martinez Alvez

Theses

This work is aimed at developing a discrete element simulation that models the contact between elliptical grains or particles in granular materials. The goal is to implement an algorithm to carry out collision detection between ellipses as well as ellipsoidal objects. The practical issue here is that the real shape of macroscopic grains can be approximated better using elliptical curves than using spherical curves. In addition, the simulation model will also be valid for spheres, since these objects are special cases of ellipsoids.

An accurate contact detection algorithm was investigated by means of two different formulations. The first formulation determines ...


Vlsi Design Of Stability Routing Protocol For Sensors In Wireless Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks, Vishnu M. Mandava Dec 2002

Vlsi Design Of Stability Routing Protocol For Sensors In Wireless Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks, Vishnu M. Mandava

Theses

This thesis gives a detailed description of the Application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) design of Stability routing protocol for sensors in mobile ad-hoc networks. The Stability routing protocol is based on the signal strength and position components during data transmission while considering sensors in an ad-hoc network. A general ad-hoc network has unpredictable and variable mobility patterns therefore the signal strength criteria is adopted for routing. Signal strength criteria has been proved to be efficient for communication between the mobile nodes without any data loss. In this thesis an architecture for a processor implementing stability routing protocol for effective communication ...


Liquid-Liquid Mixing In Stirred Tanks With Varying Liquid Depths, Sunil Mehta Dec 2002

Liquid-Liquid Mixing In Stirred Tanks With Varying Liquid Depths, Sunil Mehta

Theses

Considerable attention has been devoted in the past to the determination of the minimum agitation speed, Ncd, required for the complete dispersion of two immiscible liquids in mechanically stirred tanks. When this situation is achieved the dispersed phase is no longer present as a distinct layer, such as a light oil phase above an aqueous solution, but becomes completely dispersed, in the form of droplets, throughout the continuous phase. The achievement of the dispersed state is of significant importance in many industrial operations. Nevertheless, the effect on Ncd of a number of operating variables remains poorly understood. In ...


An Interface Chip For Saw Based Sensor In An Ad-Hoc Network, Yagneshwara Ramakrishna Vadapalli Dec 2002

An Interface Chip For Saw Based Sensor In An Ad-Hoc Network, Yagneshwara Ramakrishna Vadapalli

Theses

The design of a smart integrated chemical sensor system that will enhance sensor performance and compatibility to ad hoc network architecture remains a challenge. This work involves the design of an interface chip for a Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) based chemical sensor where the sensor reflects the RF input and introduces a time delay proportional to the concentration of the vapors absorbed by it. The interface chip detects the frequency shift as a function of the chemical species absorbed by the sensor and alerts the ad hoc network controller when a monitored parameter exceeded some threshold, based on local processing ...


Deposition And Characterization Of Magnetron Sputtered Bcc Tantalum, Anamika Patel Dec 2002

Deposition And Characterization Of Magnetron Sputtered Bcc Tantalum, Anamika Patel

Dissertations

The goal of this thesis was to provide scientific and technical research results for developing and characterizing tantalum (Ta) coatings on steel substrates deposited by DC magnetron sputtering. Deposition of tantalum on steel is of special interest for the protection it offers to surfaces, e.g. the surfaces of gun barrels against the erosive wear of hot propellant gases and the mechanical damage caused by the motion of launching projectiles. Electro-plated chromium is presently most commonly used for this purpose; however, it is considered to be carcinogenic in its hexavalent form. Tantalum is being investigated as non-toxic alternative to chromium ...


Hydrological And Geotechnical Investigation Of A Sparta, New Jersey Landslide, James Talerico Dec 2002

Hydrological And Geotechnical Investigation Of A Sparta, New Jersey Landslide, James Talerico

Theses

On August 13, 2000, a massive landslide occurred in Northern New Jersey following an extreme rainfall event during which 14.1 inches of precipitation fell locally during a 24-hour period. The slide, with an estimated volume of 22,000ft3, traveled up to 1,500ft in a short period. While landslides do occasionally occur along the coastal bluffs of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, slides of this magnitude are uncommon in the glacial soils of the New Jersey Highland section.

The investigation of this landslide was compiled through rainfall data and geotechnical data, which was used to determine the triggering mechanism ...


Automated Segmentation Of Radiodense Tissue In Digitized Mammograms Using A Constrained Neyman-Pearson Classifier, Jeremy Thomas Neyhart Dec 2002

Automated Segmentation Of Radiodense Tissue In Digitized Mammograms Using A Constrained Neyman-Pearson Classifier, Jeremy Thomas Neyhart

Theses and Dissertations

Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer related mortality among American women. Mammography screening has emerged as a reliable non-invasive technique for early detection of breast cancer. The radiographic appearance of the female breast consists of radiolucent (dark) regions and radiodense (light) regions due to connective and epithelial tissue. It has been established that the percentage of radiodense tissue in a patient's breast can be used as a marker for predicting breast cancer risk. This thesis presents the design, development and validation of a novel automated algorithm for estimating the percentage of radiodense tissue in a digitized ...


Electrohydrodynamical Manipulation Of Particles Based On Dielectrophoresis, Oleksii Vasylyschuk Dec 2002

Electrohydrodynamical Manipulation Of Particles Based On Dielectrophoresis, Oleksii Vasylyschuk

Theses

The movement of matter in a non-uniform electric field, termed dielectrophoresis, is of interest to scientists of various branches: physics, chemistry, engineering, and life science. To chemists and physicists it is a science of many varied phenomena. To engineers it is a source of new and useful techniques for separating materials or improving materials’ behavior. To ecologists it provides a major means of minimizing pollution. To life scientists it offers new ways to study and manipulate cells and their subparticles, and to help unravel the nature of living systems.

The purpose of this thesis is to concentrate on some aspects ...


Optimal Pumping Strategies For Umatilla Chemical Depot Rdx And Tnt Plumes, R. C. Peralta Dec 2002

Optimal Pumping Strategies For Umatilla Chemical Depot Rdx And Tnt Plumes, R. C. Peralta

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Electrostatic Particle Separation System, Apparatus, And Related Method, John M. Stencel, John L. Schaefer, James K. Neathery, Heng Ban, Dennis Finseth Dec 2002

Electrostatic Particle Separation System, Apparatus, And Related Method, John M. Stencel, John L. Schaefer, James K. Neathery, Heng Ban, Dennis Finseth

Center for Applied Energy Research Faculty Patents

An electrostatic separation apparatus or system is provided for separating a particle mixture into two constituent species. The system includes a distributor for differentially tribocharging the particle species forming the mixture and supplying the charged mixture to a plurality of electrostatic separation cells. Each cell includes at least one separator having an inlet, a separation chamber having an electric field zone for drawing selected charged particles from the particle mixture, a collector, and a transition outlet. The length of the electric field zone is selectively adjustable for varying the charged particle drawing action. A curtain gas flow introduced into the ...