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1998

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1387

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Analiza Źródeł Emisji Związków Fluoru Z Procesów Hutnictwa Żelaza, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki Dec 1998

Analiza Źródeł Emisji Związków Fluoru Z Procesów Hutnictwa Żelaza, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Marek Bogacki

Robert Oleniacz

The paper presents the results of many years of complex research issues related to the emission of fluorine compounds of iron and steel processes. They allowed to examine these processes used in raw materials in terms of the fluorine content and their impact on the amount of emissions of fluorine compounds to the air. Were determined by measuring the levels of concentration in flue gases and stack emissions of fluorine in the form of gaseous and solid compounds, including water-soluble components (considered to be toxic).

English title: Analysis of emission sources of fluorine compounds from the processes of ferrous metallurgy.


Związki Siarki Emitowane Z Procesu Wielkopiecowego, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki, Robert Oleniacz Dec 1998

Związki Siarki Emitowane Z Procesu Wielkopiecowego, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki, Robert Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

The article describes the problem of the presence of sulfur in the blast furnace process and identifies emission sources of sulfur compounds in this process. On the basis of the measurements and calculations, the types and quantities of these compounds emitted to the air were determined. It was found that pig iron smelting in a blast furnace causes emissions of COS, SO2 and H2S. These emissions occur by losses of blast furnace gas (COS and SO2), transport of blast furnace slag inside the furnace hall (SO2) and treatment of the slag by granulation (H2S). However, the most important are only ...


Spalanie Odpadów W Procesie Skojarzonym Z Produkcją Klinkieru Cementowego - Problem Emisji Zanieczyszczeń, Robert Oleniacz Dec 1998

Spalanie Odpadów W Procesie Skojarzonym Z Produkcją Klinkieru Cementowego - Problem Emisji Zanieczyszczeń, Robert Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

The paper presents a review of emissions of main gaseous pollutants (including acidic constituents), some organic compounds (including dioxins and furans), particulates and heavy metals from cement kilns burning waste fuels.

A widely employed method to reduce the cost of cement production is the substitution of traditional fuels used in cement kilns with alternative and waste-derived fuels. Cement industry offers the most acceptable method of waste (especially hazardous waste) thermal treatment and disposal at much lower cost than commercial incinerators. Characteristic for cement kilns high temperatures and long residence time of exhaust gas ensure almost complete destruction of organic compounds ...


Investigation Of Thermal Contact Resistance At A Plastic-Metal Interface In Injection Molding, Lakshminarayanan Sridhar Dec 1998

Investigation Of Thermal Contact Resistance At A Plastic-Metal Interface In Injection Molding, Lakshminarayanan Sridhar

Dissertations

Thermal contact resistance (TCR) at the plastic-metal interface is one of the parameters required for the simulation of plastic processing techniques such as injection molding. However, the available data is both unreliable and insufficient due to the difficulties involved in measuring this parameter. The effects of thermal contact resistance on the heat transfer in plastics processing with particular reference to injection molding of thermoplastics is investigated using combined experimental measurement techniques, parametric studies and numerical analysis.

TCR under steady state conditions has been determined experimentally at typical thermoplastic-mold metal interfaces for an amorphous and a semi-crystalline polymer using a one-dimensional ...


Evaluation Of Rotating Fluidized Bed As A Dry Coater, William Christopher Dunphy Dec 1998

Evaluation Of Rotating Fluidized Bed As A Dry Coater, William Christopher Dunphy

Theses

Coating of particles is normally carried out with the use of environmentally unfriendly solvents. Development of dry coating methods is therefore quite important.

A Rotating Fluidized Bed was constructed, instrumented and verified as to operation. Twelve coating experiments were carried out with PMMA 200µm mean diameter as host and alumina 0.25µm primary particle size as guest with the RFB being operated in the fully fluidized range.

In all analyzed samples, coating was observed. Analysis was carried out on the qualitative basis by SEM and EDX.


A Novel Readout Method For Focal Plane Array Imaging In The Presence Of Large Dark Current, Changqing Qiu Dec 1998

A Novel Readout Method For Focal Plane Array Imaging In The Presence Of Large Dark Current, Changqing Qiu

Dissertations

This research was an investigation of a novel readout method for focal plane array (FPA) optical imaging, especially for very sensitive detectors with large dark current. The readout method is based on periodically blocking the optical input enabling the removal of the dark current integration from the output. The research demonstrated that it is feasible to modulate the optical input with the designed readout circuit and thus achieve longer signal integration time to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio.

Study of a proposed circuit model showed that in theory the correlated readout method could increase the output voltage swing and reduce the ...


Low Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition (Lpcvd) Of Titanium Nitride : Synthesis And Characterization, Sameer Narsinha Dharmadhikari Dec 1998

Low Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition (Lpcvd) Of Titanium Nitride : Synthesis And Characterization, Sameer Narsinha Dharmadhikari

Theses

Titanium tetrachioride and ammonia were used as precursors in a Jow pressure chemical vapor deposition process to deposit titanium nitride films on silicon wafers. The process was carried out at temperatures from 450 to 850°C and the activation energy for the reaction was determined. The order of the reaction, with respect to the partial pressures of the reactant gases, was determined by carrying out the reaction at varying partial pressures of the reactant gases. The following rate equation was established for the reaction:

rate = 4.35*10-5exp(-5150/T)*(PNH3)1.37(PTicl4)-0.42 ...


Metrics For Estimating The Product Disassembly Effort, Pradeep Kumar Yedlarajaiah Dec 1998

Metrics For Estimating The Product Disassembly Effort, Pradeep Kumar Yedlarajaiah

Theses

The concepts of environmentally friendly manufacturing and ecological reuse of materials have resulted in an increase in the number of disposed products that are disassembled. Moreover, the imposition of EPA regulations is forcing companies to invest in methods for protecting the environrnent. The first strategy in this vein is material recycling. The issue of recycling became important because of the limited landfill space, diminishing natural resources, environmental pollution due to dumping of products containing hazardous materials. Likewise, it is projected that the cost of extracting materials from natural resources is going to be much more expensive when compared to reclaiming ...


System Simulation And Modeling Of Electronics Demanufacturing Facilities, Ketan Giridhar Limaye Dec 1998

System Simulation And Modeling Of Electronics Demanufacturing Facilities, Ketan Giridhar Limaye

Theses

Over the last decade, pressure on the electronic industry has been increasing as concerns for product take-back, product stewardship and global warming have continued to grow. Various end-of-life management options are being expanded including recycling to recapture values from basic materials through reengineering and recovery of subassemblies and individual components for remanufacturing. While progress has been reported on life cycle assessment (LCA), disassembly planning, design for disassembly, and design for environment (DFE), very little research has been focused on demanufacturing from a systems perspective.

The objective of this thesis is to build an interface between the user who knows the ...


Characterization Of Tantalum Coatings On Steel Substrates, Prabha Shivaramkrishnan Dec 1998

Characterization Of Tantalum Coatings On Steel Substrates, Prabha Shivaramkrishnan

Theses

Sputtered tantalum can be used as an effective corrosion resistant barrier if the coating is continuous, free from defects and is adherent to the substrate it is intended to protect. For corrosion-applications 100% bcc phase tantalum is preferred. X-ray diffraction results indicate that sputtered tantalum deposits typically contain a mixture of bcc and beta phases. Depending on the deposition conditions the morphology of tantalum coatings as studied using scanning electron microscopes can vary from irregular, dendritic structure to a defined step type structure. A "cauliflower type" structure has also been observed. Extended x-ray absorption fine structure measurement was used to ...


Fluorescence Spectroscopy For The Characterization Of Humic And Fulvic Acids And Their Disinfection By-Products Formation Potential, Ishvinder H. Kochar Dec 1998

Fluorescence Spectroscopy For The Characterization Of Humic And Fulvic Acids And Their Disinfection By-Products Formation Potential, Ishvinder H. Kochar

Theses

Natural Organic Matter (NOM) plays a major role in the formation of undesirable organic by-products following disinfection/oxidation of drinking water. It is suspected that most precursors to disinfection by-products (DBPs) are humic although non-humic substances have not been studied and are suspected of also contributing to DBPs. NOM reacts with many of the disinfectants used to treat drinking water, such as chlorine, chioramine, and ozone, to form a variety of DBPs. Many of these DBPs have adverse health effects in humans (i.e. carcinogenic or mutagenic effects). The primary DBPs of concern include the trihalomethanes (THMs), haloacetic acids (HAAs ...


An Investigation Of Polyethylene Bearing Wear Of New Jersey Lcs Knee On Cobalt Chromium And Titanium Nitride Types, Lei Wang Dec 1998

An Investigation Of Polyethylene Bearing Wear Of New Jersey Lcs Knee On Cobalt Chromium And Titanium Nitride Types, Lei Wang

Theses

The total knee replacement systems (TKRS) are used for the treatment of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Excessive wear can substantially shorten their life span.

Two tests were performed to examine the wear characteristics of tibial bearings used in TKRS. Each test consisted of six sets of Anterior/Posterior Glide Tibial Bearings each with a conical control arm. The tibial bearings were all made by UHMWPE. Three of these bearings were mounted onto a Co-Cr alloy tibial platform and Co-Cr alloy LCS® femoral component. Another three sets of bearings were mounted onto a TiN tibial platform and TiN LCS® femoral component ...


A Field Study Coupling Soil Fractionation And Sonic Energy For Enhancing The In Situ Removal Of Volatile Organic Compounds In The Vadose Zone, Hassan Kaleem Dec 1998

A Field Study Coupling Soil Fractionation And Sonic Energy For Enhancing The In Situ Removal Of Volatile Organic Compounds In The Vadose Zone, Hassan Kaleem

Theses

Remediation of sites contaminated with hazardous wastes could be an expensive endeavor. There is, therefore, the need to explore techniques, which can reduce the remediation time and achieve regulatory specifications, thus reducing the cost involved in a site remediation exercise.

In this work, we investigated the use of sonic energy to enhance the in situ removal rate of trichloroethylene and dichloroethylene from a site in Hillsborough Township. New Jersey. The experiments were performed with and without sonic energy and each time the concentration of the trichloroethylene swept out from the site and the flowrate of the effluent gas were measured ...


Model And Clinical Device Development For Noninvasive Diagnosis Of Low Back Pain And Dysfunction, Ravi Patraju Dec 1998

Model And Clinical Device Development For Noninvasive Diagnosis Of Low Back Pain And Dysfunction, Ravi Patraju

Theses

Millions of people suffer from acute or chronic low back pain. In order for proper treatment to be administered, a patient must receive an accurate diagnosis. Therefore, it is critical to develop an objective model to measure the motion and any dysfunction of a patient's low back. Only then can a physician effectively implement the correct therapy and measure its effectiveness through follow-up to minimize or eliminate low back pain.

Numerous cadaveric, active and passive studies have been done to understand the mechanics of low back disorders. However, only living human subjects suffer from low back pain and therefore ...


An Interactive System For The Estimation Of Emissivity Of A Wafer In A Rapid Thermal Processing Chamber, Maurizio Fulco Dec 1998

An Interactive System For The Estimation Of Emissivity Of A Wafer In A Rapid Thermal Processing Chamber, Maurizio Fulco

Theses

Rapid thermal processing (RTP) is a method of thermally processing wafers for the manufacture of integrated circuits. During the thermal processing of wafers, it is essential that the wafer temperature follow a pre-specified temperature trajectory and that the temperature across the wafer be uniform especially at high temperatures. To ensure that the above objectives of RTP temperature control be met at any time during the process, the estimation of some parameters of the process is of fundamental importance in the design of the control system.

This thesis demonstrates the implementation of an interactive software system in which the emissivity of ...


Container Arrivals Forecasting Practice And Experience At Marine Terminals, Alexios C. Sideris Dec 1998

Container Arrivals Forecasting Practice And Experience At Marine Terminals, Alexios C. Sideris

Theses

The advent of the container traffic in maritime transportation has led during its 40-year long history to novel perceptions and operation planning requirements for the port container terminal. A major requirement in this respect refers to the efficiency of the operations in the container transfer between the different modes. The current study presents a methodology on the development of a forecasting tool to access the service demand patterns at a marine terminal on per day basis. A set of forecasting models was introduced and their implementation difficulties were explored. The main effort in this approach was to replicate the distribution ...


Design, Implementation, And Evaluation Of A Shared-Memory Parellel Processing System (Smpps), Eric H. Staub Dec 1998

Design, Implementation, And Evaluation Of A Shared-Memory Parellel Processing System (Smpps), Eric H. Staub

Theses

As technology reaches its limits of improvements in microprocessor processing speeds, scientists and engineers have to find viable solutions to meet ever-increasing demands for faster processing speed. One such solution is parallel processing. No longer does one have to wait on sequential operations. A specific task can be split in sub-tasks that can run simultaneously, thus reducing the overall execution time of the task.

The design and implementation of these systems is crucial to the effectiveness of parallel systems. A dual-processor SMPPS was designed and implemented in order to demonstrate how multiple processors are a viable solution to increasing the ...


Lead-Free Interconnection For Electronic Devices, Ravi F. Saraf Dec 1998

Lead-Free Interconnection For Electronic Devices, Ravi F. Saraf

Patents Held by Members of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

An electronic device that is equipped with a plurality of bonding pads positioned on the device for making electrical interconnections and electrically conductive composite bumps adhered to the bonding pads wherein the bumps are formed of a composite material consisting of a thermoplastic polymer and at least about 30 volume percent of conductive metal particles based on the total volume of the metal particles and the thermoplastic polymer. The present invention is also directed to a method of making electrical interconnections to an electronic device by pressing a plurality of composite bumps of a polymeric based material against a substrate ...


The Effect Of Particle Properties On The Flow Characteristics Of Electrophotographic Powders, Joseph Pedano Dec 1998

The Effect Of Particle Properties On The Flow Characteristics Of Electrophotographic Powders, Joseph Pedano

Theses and Dissertations

The effect of particle size on the flow characteristics and tribo-electrical charge of dry electrophotographic (toner) powders was investigated. Toner samples, consisting of the same base formulation, but differing in particle size were prepared and studied using commercially available processing and analytical equipment. The effect of post-blending fumed silica into the toner was also investigated as part of this work. The results indicate that toner particle size has a strong effect on toner flow characteristics. The flowability measurements that were most affected by the particle size were the cohesiveness and compressibility properties of the toner powders. The data showed that ...


Optimization Of Temperature-Glycerol -Ph Conditions For Fed-Batch Fermentation Process For Recombinant Hookworm (Ancylostoma Caninurn) Anticoagulant Peptide (Acap-5) Production By Pichia Pastoris, Mehmet Inan, Vijay Chiruvolu, Kent M. Eskridge, George P. Vlasuk, Kenneth Dickerson, Scott Brown, Michael M. Meagher Dec 1998

Optimization Of Temperature-Glycerol -Ph Conditions For Fed-Batch Fermentation Process For Recombinant Hookworm (Ancylostoma Caninurn) Anticoagulant Peptide (Acap-5) Production By Pichia Pastoris, Mehmet Inan, Vijay Chiruvolu, Kent M. Eskridge, George P. Vlasuk, Kenneth Dickerson, Scott Brown, Michael M. Meagher

Papers in Biochemical Engineering

This study was undertaken to determine the optimum pH, temperature and glycerol feed rate for the production of recombinant hookworm (Ancylostoma caninum) anticoagulant peptide (rAcAP-5) by Pichia pastoris using response surface methodology (RSM). A central composite design was used as an experimental design for allocation of treatment combinations in three blocks. The variables selected for study were pH, temperature and glycerol feed rate. pH was the most important variable affecting yield, specific yield and specific activity of rAcAP-5. Glycerol feed rate had a significant effect on the specific activity of rAcAP-5 (% of total secreted protein) while temperature did not have ...


Classification Of In-Flight Fatigue Cracks In Aircraft Structures Using Acoustic Emission And Neural Networks, Christopher Lee Rovik Dec 1998

Classification Of In-Flight Fatigue Cracks In Aircraft Structures Using Acoustic Emission And Neural Networks, Christopher Lee Rovik

Theses - Daytona Beach

The research encompassed within this paper deals with the analysis and classification of fatigue cracks in aircraft structures. The particular structure that was examined was the vertical tail section of a Cessna T-303 Crusader aircraft. The analysis was performed using the nondestructive evaluation technique known as acoustic emission (AE), as well as the artificial intelligence of neural networks. Data were taken in a controlled laboratory environment as well as in a flying testbed aboard the aircraft.

The first part of the research involved the analysis of a typical aircraft structure in a controlled laboratory environment. This support structure was fabricated ...


Effect Of Multiple Range Rings Vs. A Single Range Ring On Pilot Perception Of Vertical Separation On A Cockpit Display Of Traffic Information, Daniel B. Rizzardi Dec 1998

Effect Of Multiple Range Rings Vs. A Single Range Ring On Pilot Perception Of Vertical Separation On A Cockpit Display Of Traffic Information, Daniel B. Rizzardi

Theses - Daytona Beach

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of both a two and four mile range ring versus a single three mile range ring on pilot's perception of future vertical separation as viewed on a cockpit display of traffic information. The subjects consisted of 30 volunteer pilots from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University and the surrounding Daytona Beach, Florida area.

The simulation of a cockpit display of traffic information was generated using SuperCard® Version 1.6 software and a Macintosh IIx® personal computer. Eighty unique scenarios were monitored by the pilots in which they determined, as early as possible ...


Interval Image Classification Is Np-Hard, Alejandro E. Brito, Vladik Kreinovich Dec 1998

Interval Image Classification Is Np-Hard, Alejandro E. Brito, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Feature extraction from images to perform object classification is a very hard problem for general solution. We prove that under interval uncertainty, linear classification is NP-hard.


22. Yu Tongyin, Otto Vogl, Shukuan Fu Dec 1998

22. Yu Tongyin, Otto Vogl, Shukuan Fu

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


International Symposium On Ionic Polymerization Ip'97, Otto Vogl, Przemyslaw Kubisa Dec 1998

International Symposium On Ionic Polymerization Ip'97, Otto Vogl, Przemyslaw Kubisa

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Transient Stability Estimation Using Artificial Intelligence Methodology: An Inductive Inference Approach, Almoataz Youssef Abdelaziz Dec 1998

Transient Stability Estimation Using Artificial Intelligence Methodology: An Inductive Inference Approach, Almoataz Youssef Abdelaziz

Almoataz Youssef Abdelaziz

Many techniques are used for Transient Stability (TS) estimation of synchronous generators encompassing traditional time domain state numerical integration, Lyapunov based methods, probabilistic approaches and Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques like pattern recognition and recently neural networks. This paper examines another recently proposed artificial intelligence technique to tackle the transient stability problem. The technique is based on the Inductive Inference Reasoning approach which belongs to a particular family of Machine Learning from Examples. Not only steady state but transient attributes are also used for transient stability estimation so as to reflect machine dynamics and network changes due to faults. The approach ...


A Fuzzy Simulation Model Of Basic Commutating Electrical Machines, D. K. Chaturvedi, P. S. Satsangi, P. K. Kalra Dec 1998

A Fuzzy Simulation Model Of Basic Commutating Electrical Machines, D. K. Chaturvedi, P. S. Satsangi, P. K. Kalra

D. K. Chaturvedi Dr.

Fuzzy Logic as applied to a great extent in controlling the process, plants and various complex systems, due to its inherent advantages like simplicity, ease in design, robustness and adaptivity. Aslo it is established that this approach works very well especially when the systems are not transparent. In this paper the approach is used for the modelling and simulation of an electrical machine to predict the behaviour of the machine under running conditionsas well as unde starting conditions. The starting characteristics of electrical machines are non-linear in nature, and it is very difficult to model them accurately. Also the developed ...


Determination Of The Tensile And Shear Strengths Of Screws And The Effect Of Screw Patterns On Cold-Formed Steel Connections, Marc Allen Sokol, Roger A. Laboube, Wei-Wen Yu Dec 1998

Determination Of The Tensile And Shear Strengths Of Screws And The Effect Of Screw Patterns On Cold-Formed Steel Connections, Marc Allen Sokol, Roger A. Laboube, Wei-Wen Yu

Center for Cold-Formed Steel Structures Library

PREFACE This report summarizes two studies related to the design of cold-formed steel connections. The study topics included the creation of a test standard for determining the strength of a screw, and the determination of the strength of a screw connection. A standard test protocol does not exist for determining the strength of a screw. Today, manufacturers use test protocols developed for their products. Thus, there is no consistency in defining the structural performance of a screw. A test standard has been developed. The standard used as its model the American Society of Testing and Material's F 606, Standard ...


The Conference Proceedings Of The 1998 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society, Volume 3 , Tae Hoon Oum, Brent D. Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute Dec 1998

The Conference Proceedings Of The 1998 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society, Volume 3 , Tae Hoon Oum, Brent D. Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute

Faculty Books and Monographs

UNOAI Report 98-8


The Conference Proceedings Of The 1998 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society, Volume 1 , Tae Hoon Oum, Brent D. Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute Dec 1998

The Conference Proceedings Of The 1998 Air Transport Research Group (Atrg) Of The Wctr Society, Volume 1 , Tae Hoon Oum, Brent D. Bowen, Uno Aviation Institute

Faculty Books and Monographs

UNOAI Report 98-6