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1997

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Articles 1 - 30 of 911

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Emisja Metali Ciężkich Ze Spalania Odpadów Niebezpiecznych, Robert Oleniacz, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki Dec 1997

Emisja Metali Ciężkich Ze Spalania Odpadów Niebezpiecznych, Robert Oleniacz, Marian Mazur, Marek Bogacki

Robert Oleniacz

The paper presents the results of measurements of air emissions of heavy metals from hazardous waste incineration in a multiple hearth furnace and a rotary kiln incinerator equipped with a single wet flue gas cleaning systems. In the multiple hearth furnace an industrial sewage sludge (from coke industry) was being incinerated. In the rotary kiln such wastes were being incinerated as: waste paints, varnish and lubricant, coal tars waste, contaminated cleaning rags, sawdust and used gloves, waste resins and plastics, rubber waste, outdated pharmaceuticals and medicines, and hospital waste. The research allowed us to determine the levels of pollutant concentrations ...


Zastosowanie Modelu "Skrzynki" Do Oceny Poziomu Stężeń Zanieczyszczeń Komunikacyjnych W Przyziemnej Warstwie Atmosfery, Marek Bogacki, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz Dec 1997

Zastosowanie Modelu "Skrzynki" Do Oceny Poziomu Stężeń Zanieczyszczeń Komunikacyjnych W Przyziemnej Warstwie Atmosfery, Marek Bogacki, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

Road transport is an essential source of nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO) and reactive hydrocarbons (RHC) emissions to atmosphere. Quantity and chemical constitution of emitted substances and meteorological conditions determine the level of ozon (O3) concentration forming as a result of photochemical reactions. The method presented in the paper consists in designation of quantity and chemical constitution of substances emitted from mo-bile sources and special mathematical modeling of physical and chemical transformations that take place in the lowest atmospheric layer.

English title: The use of box model to estimate the size of traffic pollutant concentrations in the lowest atmospheric ...


Implant Having Reduced Generation Of Wear Particulates, David A. Pienkowski Dec 1997

Implant Having Reduced Generation Of Wear Particulates, David A. Pienkowski

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Patents

A method is provided for reducing the amount of wear particulates generated by a total joint orthopaedic implant. The implant consists of two matched articulating components. The method includes the steps of placing the total joint orthopaedic implant in a fluid bath and articulating the implant in the fluid bath for at least 1,000 cycles. The articulation may be performed in three stages. In the first, the implant is articulated under a load of substantially 0.1-500 Newtons with sliding speeds of substantially 0.01-0.5 meters per second. During a second stage the articulation takes place under a ...


Method And Apparatus For Flotation Separation, Xiang-Huai Wang Dec 1997

Method And Apparatus For Flotation Separation, Xiang-Huai Wang

Center for Applied Energy Research Faculty Patents

A flotation method and apparatus for separating a selected constituent from an effluent of an industrial process is provided. The apparatus includes a conditioning tank and a flotation cell. The conditioning tank allows mixing a flotation reagent with an effluent and includes a mechanism for also dissolving gas in the effluent within the conditioning tank. The flotation cell includes a dissolved gas flotation chamber having an overflow for recovering the selected constituent and a tailings drain. In addition, the flotation cell also includes an added gas flotation chamber having a sparger for injecting gas into the effluent, an overflow for ...


On The Strain-Rate Sensitivity Of Columnar Ice, M. E. Manley, E. M. Schulson Dec 1997

On The Strain-Rate Sensitivity Of Columnar Ice, M. E. Manley, E. M. Schulson

Dartmouth Scholarship

A power law relation between stress and strain rate of the form σ ∝ ε̇1/n was used to describe the response to strain rate of S1 ice loaded across the columns at -10°C. The rate exponent, n, decreased with increasing strain from about 4.6 at an observed peak on the load displacement curve to approximately 2.6 at a shortening of 2%. Analysis of these results and of the results of other authors on different forms of ice deformed at the same temperature suggests that the power law exponent, n, is proportional to Fc/Fg. The parameter ...


Composition Containing A Polymer And Conductive Filler And Use Thereof, Ravi F. Saraf Dec 1997

Composition Containing A Polymer And Conductive Filler And Use Thereof, Ravi F. Saraf

Patents Held by Members of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

A composition containing a polymeric matrix and a conductive filler component is provided. The conductive filler component comprises conductive particles and a polymer selected from the group consisting of substituted and unsubstituted polyanilines, substituted and unsubstituted polyparaphenylenevinylenes, substituted and unsubstituted polythiophenes, substituted and unsubstituted polyazines, substituted and unsubstituted polyparaphenylenes, substituted and unsubstituted polyfuranes, substituted and unsubstituted polypyrroles, substituted and unsubstituted polyselenophene, substituted and unsubstituted poly-p-phenylene sulfides and substiututed and unsubstituted polyacetylenes, and mixtures thereof, and copolymers thereof. Compositions of the present invention are useful as corrosion protecting layers for metal substrates, for electrostatic discharge protection, electromagnetic interference shielding, and as ...


A Portable Photovoltaic Water Aeration System, Florida Solar Energy Center, William Young Dec 1997

A Portable Photovoltaic Water Aeration System, Florida Solar Energy Center, William Young

FSEC Energy Research Center®

Water aeration is a method to improve the water quality in a lake by adding oxygen to the water. Because water aeration systems are often located in remote locations, photovoltaics are ideal for powering these systems. This paper describes a water aeration system powered by photovoltaics that is used in Florida. The portable nature of this system permits the owner to conveniently relocate the system and aerate bodies of water as needed.


Statistical Continuum Theory For Inelastic Behavior Of A Two-Phase Medium, Brent L. Adams, H. Garmestani, S. Lin Dec 1997

Statistical Continuum Theory For Inelastic Behavior Of A Two-Phase Medium, Brent L. Adams, H. Garmestani, S. Lin

Faculty Publications

This work was supported in part (B.L. Adams) by the MRSEC Program of the National Science Foundation under Award no. DMR-9632556. Further support was provided by the Center for Materials Research and Technology (MARTECH at FSU) and Center for Nonlinear and Nonequilibrium Sciences (CENNAS at FAMU). A statistical contiuum mechanics formulation is presented to predict the inelastic behavior of a medium consisting of two isotropic phases. The phase distribution and morphology are represented by a two-point probability function. The isotropic behavior of the single phase medium is represented by a power law relationship between the strain rate and the ...


Markovian Decision Control For Traffic Signal Systems, Xiao-Hua Yu, Allen R. Stubberud Dec 1997

Markovian Decision Control For Traffic Signal Systems, Xiao-Hua Yu, Allen R. Stubberud

Electrical Engineering

Setting signals at intersections to minimize the queue length and vehicle delay time is a key goal in traffic management. In this paper, a new control strategy for a signalized traffic intersection is developed by applying Markovian decision control theory. Statistical analysis of simulation results with different arrival rates indicate the excellent potential of this approach.


Optimal Block Encoding And Optimal Entropy For Lossless Image Compression, Larry Ray Dennis Dec 1997

Optimal Block Encoding And Optimal Entropy For Lossless Image Compression, Larry Ray Dennis

Dissertations and Theses

In this thesis, a novel approach is designed using a quad-tree stack structure to encode the image to determine the optimal block size at the optimal and effective entropy in the lossless image compression method. Proof is given through encoding of the predictor and randomly constructed planes. There is a high degree of relationship between the placement of bits in the planes. Clearly results shows that use of the optimal entropy and encoding block sizes will increase the compression ratio using the lossless method. The cost of using the block size methods to encoding and entropy is discussed and proven ...


Development And Experimental Verification Of A Three-Dimensional Model Of Left Ventricular Flow Dynamics, Tong Ding Dec 1997

Development And Experimental Verification Of A Three-Dimensional Model Of Left Ventricular Flow Dynamics, Tong Ding

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ischemic heart disease, which results from the insufficient coronary artery blood flow is a leading cause of mortality in developed countries. It manifests itself by abnormal left ventricular wall motion during systole.

A three dimensional numerical model was developed to simulate the flow patterns in the left ventricle. Numerical solutions were obtained by discretizing the Navier-Stokes equations for viscous, incompressible, steady flow using finite element method.

A diagnostic index Central Ejection Region (CER) as well as its quantitative version CER coefficient which are based on the flow patterns were defined as the region in which velocity vectors were aligned 5 ...


When The "Soft" Sciences Become Hard: The Safety Of Canadian Nuclear Reactors, Ibpp Editor Dec 1997

When The "Soft" Sciences Become Hard: The Safety Of Canadian Nuclear Reactors, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the ins-and-outs of the safety of Canadian nuclear reactors.


34. Shunsuke Murahashi, Otto Vogl, Mikiharu Kamachi, Koichi Hatada Dec 1997

34. Shunsuke Murahashi, Otto Vogl, Mikiharu Kamachi, Koichi Hatada

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Icris '96: Controlled Organization And Molecular Dynamics Of Polymers, Uji, Kyoto, Japan, Otto Vogl, Masaki Tsuji Dec 1997

Icris '96: Controlled Organization And Molecular Dynamics Of Polymers, Uji, Kyoto, Japan, Otto Vogl, Masaki Tsuji

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Acuta Enews December 1997, Vol. 26, No. 12 Dec 1997

Acuta Enews December 1997, Vol. 26, No. 12

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Sixth Annual Institutional Excellence Awards Competition

Slamming on the Rise

President's Column

Slamming

Board Report

A Great Seminar

Board Approves New Appointments

Meet Me at.... UM

Technology Timetable

On the Move

1998 ACUTA Events

Spotlight

DC at a Glance

Journal Editorial Calendar for 1998

Welcome New Members


34. Shunsuke Murahashi, Otto Vogl, Mikiharu Kamachi, Koichi Hatada Dec 1997

34. Shunsuke Murahashi, Otto Vogl, Mikiharu Kamachi, Koichi Hatada

Otto Vogl

No abstract provided.


Formation Of A Metastable Bcc Solid Solution And Decomposition To A C15 Laves Phase In Melt-Spun Crnb10Ti10, Katherine C. Chen, P. G. Kotula, F. Chu, Dan J. Thoma Dec 1997

Formation Of A Metastable Bcc Solid Solution And Decomposition To A C15 Laves Phase In Melt-Spun Crnb10Ti10, Katherine C. Chen, P. G. Kotula, F. Chu, Dan J. Thoma

Materials Engineering

A metastable, disordered bcc phase has been formed from the melt in a Cr-rich alloy of the Nb-Cr-Ti system, where large volume fractions of the Laves phase would develop under equilibrium solidification conditions. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies and lattice constant determinations confirm that the melt-spun ribbons contain a bcc phase beyond its terminal solid solution limits. Solidification pathways are proposed based upon metastable and equilibrium phase diagrams. Microstructures have been studied using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Cross-sectional TEM reveals tiny, dispersed Laves phase precipitates within the metastable bcc grains near the chill (wheel ...


Icris '96: Controlled Organization And Molecular Dynamics Of Polymers, Uji, Kyoto, Japan, Otto Vogl, Masaki Tsuji Dec 1997

Icris '96: Controlled Organization And Molecular Dynamics Of Polymers, Uji, Kyoto, Japan, Otto Vogl, Masaki Tsuji

Otto Vogl

No abstract provided.


Spacing Of Connections In Compression Elements For Cold-Formed Steel Members (Beams), Michael L. Jones, Roger A. Laboube, Wei-Wen Yu Dec 1997

Spacing Of Connections In Compression Elements For Cold-Formed Steel Members (Beams), Michael L. Jones, Roger A. Laboube, Wei-Wen Yu

CCFSS Library (1939 - present)

PREFACE The spacing of connectors in compression elements of built-up flexural members was evaluated both experimentally and analytically at the University ofMissouri-Rolla (UMR) under the sponsorship of the American Iron and Steel Institute. A computational model was developed for determining the bending capacity of single-fluted sections with cover plates that do not have edge stiffeners. The results of the investigation are presented and recommendations are made for design of single-flute cross sections having cover plates without edge stiffeners. Previous research developments by Yener, at Purdue University, and Luttrell, at the University of West Virginia, were compared to the UMR experimental ...


Determination Of A Flexibility Range For Cellular Manufacturing Systems Under Product Mix Variations, Hamid Seifoddini, Manocher Djassemi Dec 1997

Determination Of A Flexibility Range For Cellular Manufacturing Systems Under Product Mix Variations, Hamid Seifoddini, Manocher Djassemi

Industrial Technology and Packaging

One of the underlying assumptions in cellular manufacturing is that product mix is relatively stable over time. In this paper, a procedure for the sensitivity analysis of the performance of a cellular manufacturing system with respect to changes in the product mix is presented and a flexibility range representing the capability of the system in dealing with these changes is determined using simulation modelling. The simulation results in this study show that as the changes in the product mix increase the superiority of the performance of the cellular manufacturing system to the corresponding job shop system diminishes.


Investigation And Demonstration Of A Rich Combustor Cold Start Device For Alcohol Fueled Engines, David Kim Irick Dec 1997

Investigation And Demonstration Of A Rich Combustor Cold Start Device For Alcohol Fueled Engines, David Kim Irick

Doctoral Dissertations

Alcohols (methanol and ethanol) have been identified as having the potential to improve air quality when used to replace conventional gasoline. This potential is primarily due to the different organic species that are emitted by alcohol-fueled engines. The use of "near neat" alcohols gives greater benefits than fuels containing lower levels of alcohol, but neat alcohols present a significant cold starting problem.

The primary objective of this study was to develop a rich combustor device which will extend the cold start range of alcohol fueled engines to -30°C while reducing cold start emissions. In support of this objective a ...


Efforts In Preparation For Jack Validation, Francisco Azuola, Norman I. Badler, Pei-Hwa Ho, Suejung Huh, Evangelos Kokkevis, Bond-Jay Ting Dec 1997

Efforts In Preparation For Jack Validation, Francisco Azuola, Norman I. Badler, Pei-Hwa Ho, Suejung Huh, Evangelos Kokkevis, Bond-Jay Ting

Center for Human Modeling and Simulation

This document presents a detailed record of the methodologies, assumptions, limitations, and references used in creating the human figure model in Jack, a program that displays and manipulates articulated geometric figures. This report reflects current efforts to develop and refine Jack software to enable its validation and verification as a tool for performing human engineering analysis. These efforts include human figure model improvements, statistical anthropometric data processing methods, enhanced human figure model construction and measuring methods, and automated accomodation analysis. This report discusses basic details of building human models, model anthropometry, scaling, Jack anthropometry-based human models, statistical data processing, figure ...


Bs News Dec 1997

Bs News

Building Services Engineering

No abstract provided.


Why Kolmogorov Complexity In Physical Equations, Vladik Kreinovich, Luc Longpre Dec 1997

Why Kolmogorov Complexity In Physical Equations, Vladik Kreinovich, Luc Longpre

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Several researchers, including M. Gell-Mann, argue that the notion of Kolmogorov complexity, developed in the algorithmic information theory, is useful in physics (i.e., in the description of the physical world). Their arguments are rather convincing, but there seems to be a gap between traditional physical equations and Kolmogorov complexity: namely, it is not clear how the standard equations of physics can lead to algorithmic notions underlying Kolmogorov complexity. In this paper, this "gap" is bridged: we explain how Kolmogorov complexity naturally appear in physical equation.


Coincidences Are Not Accidental: A Theorem, Vladik Kreinovich Dec 1997

Coincidences Are Not Accidental: A Theorem, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

In this paper, we formalize and prove the statement that coincidences cannot be accidental, a statement that underlies many useful heuristics in mathematics and physics.

Our proof uses a version of Kolmogorov complexity, a technique originally developed to describe randomness and "accidentalness".


21st Conference On Senior Engineering Design Projects, College Of Engineering And Applied Sciences Dec 1997

21st Conference On Senior Engineering Design Projects, College Of Engineering And Applied Sciences

Senior Engineering Design Conference

The 21st Conference on Senior Engineering Design Projects was held on December 9, 1997 at the College of Engineering and applied Sciences on the Parkview Campus of Western Michigan University. The college sponsors the conference to showcase the work of its graduating seniors, who are required to complete a capstone project that puts into practice what they have learned. Many of the projects are sponsored by business and industry.


The Development Of Electromechanical Batteries For Power System Support And For Short-Term Standby Power, Michael Peter O'Leary Dec 1997

The Development Of Electromechanical Batteries For Power System Support And For Short-Term Standby Power, Michael Peter O'Leary

Masters

The slow move from a fossil-fuel powered society to a renewable-energy powered society is creating and will continue to create a demand for good energy storage techniques. The electromechanical battery (EMB), comprising a flywheel energy storage system with electrical input and output, is one of the many candidate technologies. Two different EMB types are evaluated in this present project. The first is a ring (or annular) flywheel to be constructed using fibre composite materials and to rotate at high speed in a vacuum. Energy is to be imported and exported electromagnetically based on linear electrical machine principles. Confinement of the ...


Real-Time And On-Line Near-Field Microwave Inspection Of Surface Defects In Rolled Steel, R. Zoughi, Christian J. Huber, Nasser N. Qaddoumi, Emarit Ranu, Vladimir Otashevich, Radin Mirshahi, Stoyan I. Ganchev, Thomas Johnson Dec 1997

Real-Time And On-Line Near-Field Microwave Inspection Of Surface Defects In Rolled Steel, R. Zoughi, Christian J. Huber, Nasser N. Qaddoumi, Emarit Ranu, Vladimir Otashevich, Radin Mirshahi, Stoyan I. Ganchev, Thomas Johnson

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The potential and limitations of near-field microwave inspection techniques for detecting various surface defects in rolled steel have been investigated. The focus of this study has been to investigate this potential for tin mill products containing gross and subtle defects including steel induced defects, roll marks, holes, scratches and gouges.


Flight Physician - December, 1997, Civil Aviation Medical Association Dec 1997

Flight Physician - December, 1997, Civil Aviation Medical Association

Browse all Civil Aviation Medical Association Newsletters

A fourteen page newsletter of the Civil Aviation Medical Association. The newsletter provided news about civil aviation medicine and information related to the organization.


Flow And Congestion Control For Internet Streaming Applications, Shanwei Cen, Calton Pu, Jonathan Walpole Dec 1997

Flow And Congestion Control For Internet Streaming Applications, Shanwei Cen, Calton Pu, Jonathan Walpole

Computer Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

The emergence of streaming multimedia players provides users with low latency audio and video content over the Internet. Providing high-quality, best-effort, real-time multimedia content requires adaptive delivery schemes that fairly share the available network bandwidth with reliable data protocols such as TCP. This paper proposes a new flow and congestion control scheme, SCP (Streaming Control Protocol) , for real-time streaming of continuous multimedia data across the Internet. The design of SCP arose from several years of experience in building and using adaptive real-time streaming video players. SCP addresses two issues associated with real-time streaming. First, it uses a congestion control policy ...