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1995

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Zastosowanie Modelowania Matematycznego Do Oceny Zanieczyszczenia Powietrza Powodowanego Przez Motoryzację, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Bożena Biernat-Oleniacz Dec 1995

Zastosowanie Modelowania Matematycznego Do Oceny Zanieczyszczenia Powietrza Powodowanego Przez Motoryzację, Marian Mazur, Robert Oleniacz, Bożena Biernat-Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

The paper presents the results of an inventory of sources of air emissions from the city of Nowy Sacz (Poland) with regard to pollutant emissions from road transport, industrial processes, combustion plants and low-emissions from household furnaces. Particular attention has been devoted to assessing the impact of traffic on air quality in the city. Specified share of emissions from motor vehicles in the state of air pollution in the city center and its outskirts using the method of the atmospheric dispersion modeling.

English title: The use of mathematical modeling to assess air pollution caused by road transport.


Magnetic Inspection Head Suited For Contoured Or Irregular Surfaces, David C. Jiles, David A. Kaminski Dec 1995

Magnetic Inspection Head Suited For Contoured Or Irregular Surfaces, David C. Jiles, David A. Kaminski

Iowa State University Patents

A magnetic inspection head adapted for use with samples having non-planar surfaces. A magnetically permeable core has a pair of poles joined by a magnetically permeable bridge to form a closed magnetic circuit between the pole legs, bridge and the test material. Each pole has magnetically permeable support means terminating in a magnetically permeable deformable surface for engaging the sample. The support means is yieldable such that when the inspection head is placed in contact with the irregular surface of the sample, the deformable surface is deformed to accommodate the shape of the sample with minimal air gaps therebetween. Preferably ...


Surface-Related Breakdown In Silicon: Imaging Of Current Filaments In Long P+-N--N+ Structures, B. J. Hankla, P. F. Williams, G. A. Frecks, F. E. Peterkin Dec 1995

Surface-Related Breakdown In Silicon: Imaging Of Current Filaments In Long P+-N--N+ Structures, B. J. Hankla, P. F. Williams, G. A. Frecks, F. E. Peterkin

P. F. (Paul Frazer) Williams Publications

We present Schlieren images which show the existence and evolution of current filaments during the very early stages of surface-related breakdown inside 1 cm silicon p+-n--n+ structures. These images confirm our previous finding that breakdown occurs in the silicon rather than in the ambient, and suggest that a streamerlike mechanism may be responsible.


3 Pertanyaan Umum Tentang Kutil Kelamin.Doc, Denature Indonesia Dec 1995

3 Pertanyaan Umum Tentang Kutil Kelamin.Doc, Denature Indonesia

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Response Function Of A Two-Dimensional Electron Gas In A Unidirectional Periodic Potential , S. M. Stewart, C. Zhang Dec 1995

Response Function Of A Two-Dimensional Electron Gas In A Unidirectional Periodic Potential , S. M. Stewart, C. Zhang

Faculty of Engineering - Papers (Archive)

The dynamical density-response function of a periodically modulated two-dimensional electron gas under a perpendicular magnetic field is calculated within the random-phase approximation. It is found that the response function is not only broadened by the periodic potential, it also contains a series of subsingularities at the band edges. The maximum number of subsingularities is 2nmax, where nmax is the number of occupied Landau leveles (the last level may be partially filled). It is further proposed that light-scattering or electromagnetic absorption experiments can be performed to study these predicted structures.


Magnetic Inspection Probe For Measurement Of Magnetic Anisotropy, David C. Jiles, Michael K. Devine Dec 1995

Magnetic Inspection Probe For Measurement Of Magnetic Anisotropy, David C. Jiles, Michael K. Devine

Iowa State University Patents

A magnetic inspection probe for use in the planar measurement of magnetic properties in two or more defined directions. The inspection probe includes a cup-shaped outer body, a centrally disposed central core, a field generating power coil, a flux coil for measuring magnetic induction and a plurality of field detection elements disposed in various known orientations. In use, the inspection probe of the present invention permits the detection and measurement of anisotropy of material characteristics in at least two directions across the plane of measurement.


Minimization Of Sum-Of-Conditional-Decoders Structures With Applications In Finite Machine Epld Design And Machine Learning, Sanof Mohamedsadakathulla Dec 1995

Minimization Of Sum-Of-Conditional-Decoders Structures With Applications In Finite Machine Epld Design And Machine Learning, Sanof Mohamedsadakathulla

Dissertations and Theses

In order to achieve superior speed in sequencer designs over competing PLD devices, Cypress brought to market an innovative architecture, CY7C361. This architecture introduced a new kind of universal logic gate, the CONDITION DECODER (CDEC). Because there are only 32 macrocells in the chip, saving only one CDEC gate can be quite important (the well-known "fit/no-fit problem"). A problem that is related to the fitting problem of the Cypress CY7C361 chip is the SOC Minimization. Due to the limited low number of macrocells in CY7C361, a high quality logic minimization to reduce the number of macrocells is very important ...


Obat Aborsi Majalengka Wa : 0812-1515-6620 Klinik Jual Obat Aborsi Cytotec Di Majalengka, Anis Inayati01 Dec 1995

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Structural Characterization Of Aluminum Films Deposited On Sputtered-Titanium Nitride/ Silicon Substrate By Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition From Dimethylethylamine Alane, Xiaodong Li, Byoung-Youp Kim, Shi-Woo Rhee Dec 1995

Structural Characterization Of Aluminum Films Deposited On Sputtered-Titanium Nitride/ Silicon Substrate By Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition From Dimethylethylamine Alane, Xiaodong Li, Byoung-Youp Kim, Shi-Woo Rhee

Faculty Publications

Alfilmsdeposited on sputtered‐TiN/Si substrate by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition(MOCVD) from dimethylethylamine alane (DMEAA) were characterized using x‐ray diffraction(XRD),Auger electron spectroscopy(AES),atomic force microscopy(AFM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The TiN filmsputtered on the Si has a preferred orientation along the growth direction with the 〈111〉 of the film parallel to the Si〈111〉. Sputtering of the TiN film on the Si induced strains at the interface. The TiN/Si interface is flat while the Al/TiN interface is rough. There exist many dislocations at the Al/TiN interface. The Al2O ...


Study On Passive And/Or Active Vibration Control For Flexible Structures, Qinghua Chen Dec 1995

Study On Passive And/Or Active Vibration Control For Flexible Structures, Qinghua Chen

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to present new methods of active and passive vibration control for flexible structures. The study includes: 1) passive viscoelastic damping treatment; 2 ) active vibration control using layered shape memory alloy (SMA); 3) combined application of viscoelastic damping treatment and SMA; 4) experiments.

In order to maximize damping and save weight of the structure and cost, a partially covered double sandwich cantilever beam model has been presented. It is shown that the double sandwich beam is better than single sandwich beam for some conditions. To take into account of end loads effect of elastic structures ...


Polymer Science In Australia Iv. Universities In Victoria And Southern Australia, Otto Vogl, David Solomon, Ezio Rizzardo, Robert A. Shanks, David Williams Dec 1995

Polymer Science In Australia Iv. Universities In Victoria And Southern Australia, Otto Vogl, David Solomon, Ezio Rizzardo, Robert A. Shanks, David Williams

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Croatian Symposium Of Chemistry And Macromolecular Chemistry, Otto Vogl, Zvonimir Janovic Dec 1995

Croatian Symposium Of Chemistry And Macromolecular Chemistry, Otto Vogl, Zvonimir Janovic

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


52. Bengt Ranby, Otto Vogl Dec 1995

52. Bengt Ranby, Otto Vogl

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Application Of The Industrial Expert System For The Choice Of The Electric Motors Of The Cement Factory Of Meftah, Algeria (Système Expert Industriel D’Aide Au Choix Des Moteurs Asynchrones En Cimenterie), Boukhemis Chetate , Cherif Kara, M. Fenneche Dec 1995

Application Of The Industrial Expert System For The Choice Of The Electric Motors Of The Cement Factory Of Meftah, Algeria (Système Expert Industriel D’Aide Au Choix Des Moteurs Asynchrones En Cimenterie), Boukhemis Chetate , Cherif Kara, M. Fenneche

Boukhemis Chetate

L’industrialisation en Algérie, qui a débuté dans les années 70, a été accompagnée par un choix non rationnel des installations électriques (surdimensionnement, pertes d’exploitation supérieures aux normes internationales, etc.). Aujourd’hui les pertes du réseau algérien de transport d’électricité et les normes de consommation (KWh/unité de production) sont supérieures aux normes en vigueur dans les pays industrialisés. Pour résoudre ces problèmes, il est nécessaire d’optimiser le fonctionnement des installations existantes en faisant appel aux technologies modernes, telles que l’intelligence artificielle et les moteurs électriques asynchrones à vitesse variable. Cet article présente un exemple d ...


Design Of A Wheelchair With Legs For People With Motor Disabilities, Parris Wellman, Venkat Krovi, Vijay Kumar, William Harwin Dec 1995

Design Of A Wheelchair With Legs For People With Motor Disabilities, Parris Wellman, Venkat Krovi, Vijay Kumar, William Harwin

Departmental Papers (MEAM)

A proof-of-concept prototype wheelchair with legs for people with motor disabilities is proposed, with the objective of demonstrating the feasibility of a completely new approach to mobility. Our prototype system consists of a chair equipped with wheels and legs, and is capable of traversing uneven terrain and circumventing obstacles. The important design considerations, the system design and analysis, and an experimental prototype of a chair are discussed. The results from the analysis and experimentation show the feasibility of the proposed concept and its advantages.


Transients In Power Systems, M. Belkhayat, J. Edwards, N. Hoonchareon, O. Marte, D. Stenberg, E. Walters Dec 1995

Transients In Power Systems, M. Belkhayat, J. Edwards, N. Hoonchareon, O. Marte, D. Stenberg, E. Walters

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Technical Reports

Power system engineering largely focuses on steady state analysis. The main areas of power system engineering are power flow studies and fault studies - both steady state technologies. But the world is largely transient, and power systems are always subject to time varying and short lived signals. This technical report concerns several important topics in transient analyses of power systems. The leading chapter deals with a new analytical tool-wavelets-for power system transients. Flicker and electric are furnace transients are discussed in Chapters I1 and IV. Chapter 111 deals with transients from shunt capacitor switching. The concluding chapters deal with transformer inrush ...


Acuta Enews December 1995, Vol. 24, No. 12 Dec 1995

Acuta Enews December 1995, Vol. 24, No. 12

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

From the President

Cabling for the life of your network

Planning today

FRED fights fraud

From ACUTA Headquarters


An Examination Of Railroad Capacity And Its Implications For Rail-Highway Intermodal Transportation, David Bruce Clarke Dec 1995

An Examination Of Railroad Capacity And Its Implications For Rail-Highway Intermodal Transportation, David Bruce Clarke

Doctoral Dissertations

After many years of decline in market share, railroads are now experiencing an increasing demand for their services. Service intensive intermodal transportation seems to be an especially promising market area. Since the historic decline in traffic has been accompanied by a reduction in network infrastructure, however, the railroads' ability to handle sizable traffic increases, at least in the short term, is in question. Since rail transportation is critical to the domestic economy of the nation, and is increasingly important in international logistics channels, shortfalls in railroad capacity are not desirable.

The published literature on railroad capacity is relatively sparse, especially ...


17th Conference On Senior Engineering Design Projects, College Of Engineering And Applied Sciences Dec 1995

17th Conference On Senior Engineering Design Projects, College Of Engineering And Applied Sciences

Senior Engineering Design Conference

The 17th Conference on Senior Engineering Design Projects was held on December 5, 1995 at the College of Engineering and applied Sciences on the Parkview Campus of Western Michigan University. The college sponsors the conference to showcase the work of its graduating seniors, who are required to complete a capstone project that puts into practice what they have learned. Many of the projects are sponsored by business and industry.


The Effect Of Rotor Wake/Exit Guide Vane Interaction On The Total Pressure Losses In An Airfoil Cascade, Aaron Mosebach Dec 1995

The Effect Of Rotor Wake/Exit Guide Vane Interaction On The Total Pressure Losses In An Airfoil Cascade, Aaron Mosebach

Master's Theses

Computational simulations have been performed to study the effects of unsteady rotor wakes on the total pressure losses and the boundary layer characteristics in a compressor cascade. In the numerical simulations, transitional and turbulent flow conditions were modeled at design and off-design inlet flow angles, and for varying rotor wake widths and wake velocity deficits.

First, simulations were performed in the absence of rotor wakes at the inlet of the EGV (Exit Guide Vane) cascade. Second, simulations were performed for different wake width and wake velocity deficit values at the inlet of the EGV cascade. The majority of the numerical ...


Application Of Pulse Calorimetry To Metal Systems, Debasis Basak Dec 1995

Application Of Pulse Calorimetry To Metal Systems, Debasis Basak

Doctoral Dissertations

The pulse calorimeter developed as a part of the author's masters thesis was used extensively in the doctoral research to determine the electrical resistivity and specific heat of Ni, Ni4Mo, Fe-A1 alloys and Ni-A1. The temperature range of measurements varied with different specimens but in general were between 375 K to 1300 K.

The pulse calorimeter essentially consists of a specimen in series with a standard resistor and a programmable power supply. The specimen is inside a vacuum chamber. The programmable power supply can be triggered from the computer to send a specific current to the specimen ...


Using Mathematica To Aid Simulation Analysis, Paul Savory Dec 1995

Using Mathematica To Aid Simulation Analysis, Paul Savory

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

As computer power has increased, so has the capability of software developers to write programs that assist people with time-consuming tasks. Mathematica is such a program. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate how Mathematica, a symbolic programming environment, can be used to aid simulation analysis. In addition to a general discussion of Mathematica’s uses, advantages, and disadvantages, several examples will be presented. The examples include using Mathematica for distribution fitting, queueing analysis, random number generation, and creating a surface plot for optimization.


Personality As It Relates To Performance Among Primary Flight Students At Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Caroline F. Farmer Dec 1995

Personality As It Relates To Performance Among Primary Flight Students At Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Caroline F. Farmer

Theses - Daytona Beach

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of primary flight students' performance as it relates to personality. Previous research has provided the basis for the relationship between what an individual accomplishes and personality traits. The individual performance of 30 students were evaluated by two different techniques during an observer flight. One was an evaluation form developed by the researcher and the other, the flight instructor's (P.I.C.) evaluation. The performance data gathered by the researcher was collected in order to provide a secondary set of performance data in case there was no discriminability amongst the ...


Compressible Flow Analysis Of Thrust Augmenting Ejectors, Mohamed Moujahid Dec 1995

Compressible Flow Analysis Of Thrust Augmenting Ejectors, Mohamed Moujahid

Theses - Daytona Beach

The present work was initiated due to the need for a method to understand and predict the thrust augmenting characteristics of jet ejectors. The mixing process in ejectors can be analyzed using either the control volume approach, or detailed models based on the Navier -Stokes Equations and the theory of turbulent jets. The control volume approach uses integrated forms of the conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy. It is chosen in the first part of the study since it affords the best vehicle for the parametric studies required to understand the potential of ejectors for a given application. Compressibility ...


An Interferometric Technique For B/A Measurement, E. Carr Everbach, R. E. Apfel Dec 1995

An Interferometric Technique For B/A Measurement, E. Carr Everbach, R. E. Apfel

Engineering Faculty Works

An isentropic phase method is described for measuringin vitro the acoustic nonlinearity parameterB/A of several aqueous buffers, protein solutions, lipid oils, and emulsions. The technique relies upon the use of an acoustic interferometer to measure the small changes in sound speed that accompany a rapid hydrostaticpressure change of between one and two atmospheres. Average accuracies of 0.85% are attainable with this method.


Monitoring And Prognosis Of Plant Components, Jeffrey Banks Dec 1995

Monitoring And Prognosis Of Plant Components, Jeffrey Banks

Masters Theses

Many predictive maintenance approaches focus primarily on fault monitoring and diagnosis of rotating machinery. Today's industrial "reliability-based" maintenance programs implement vibrational analysis techniques as a sound foundation in minimizing unnecessary machine downtime. These approaches, based upon on-line data acquisitions and analysis may be used to increase component availability and ultimately forecast remaining life. Depending upon the specific type of machinery under consideration, measurements such as temperature, voltage, current, rotational speed, power, and torque may be analyzed to enhance machinery diagnostics capability.

The purpose of the proposed research is to formulate and implement a methodology to estimate the remaining useful ...


Activation Of Precipitated Iron Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts, Mehul D. Shroff Dec 1995

Activation Of Precipitated Iron Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts, Mehul D. Shroff

Chemical and Biological Engineering ETDs

The Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) is an important step in the manufacture of synthetic fuels from coal. The use of iron catalysts for FTS, though desirable from the standpoint of process economy, is hampered by problems relating to catalyst attrition and carbon buildup. In addition, from a research perspective, there has been a long-standing controversy in the literature with regard to the nature of the active phase.

The effect of activation and reaction treatments on the resulting phase transformations in a commercial, precipitated and spray-dried, Fe2O3 - CuO - K2O Fischer-Tropsch catalyst have been studied. Different catalyst batches ...


Dynamic Pulse Buckling Of Columns With Viscous Damping, Murli Kadandale Dec 1995

Dynamic Pulse Buckling Of Columns With Viscous Damping, Murli Kadandale

Master's Theses

This is a study of dynamic pulse buckling of columns with viscous damping. The differential equations of motion were obtained using the Bemoulli-Navier hypothesis. The effects of axial and rotary inertia were included in the analysis. The Voigt-Kelvin model for a viscoelastic material is used. The Finite Difference Method was employed to solve the differential equations of motion. First columns without geometrical imperfections were studied, and a correlation between the damping modulus and the more familiar damping ratio was obtained. Then beams with initial geometrical imperfection were studied. A suitable dynamic buckling criterion was defined. It was observed that viscous ...


The Effect Of Excitation Limits On Voltage Stability, Jyothi Ayyagari, Mariesa Crow Dec 1995

The Effect Of Excitation Limits On Voltage Stability, Jyothi Ayyagari, Mariesa Crow

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Voltage collapse has been commonly associated with insufficient reactive power support. Steady state studies have related reactive power generation limitations to the sudden onset of voltage instability. This paper extends this approach to the dynamic case. The relationship between the dynamic models and steady state behavior is established. The dynamic model is then used to investigate the sudden change in system stability when the maximum excitation limit is reached. Several illustrative examples are analyzed. Corrective actions are proposed which will move the physical system away from the region of instability.