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Recognition Of Incomplete Objects Based On Synthesis Of Views Using A Geometric Based Local-Global Graphs, Michael Christopher Robbeloth Jan 2019

Recognition Of Incomplete Objects Based On Synthesis Of Views Using A Geometric Based Local-Global Graphs, Michael Christopher Robbeloth

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The recognition of single objects is an old research field with many techniques and robust results. The probabilistic recognition of incomplete objects, however, remains an active field with challenging issues associated to shadows, illumination and other visual characteristics. With object incompleteness, we mean missing parts of a known object and not low-resolution images of that object. The employment of various single machine-learning methodologies for accurate classification of the incomplete objects did not provide a robust answer to the challenging problem. In this dissertation, we present a suite of high-level, model-based computer vision techniques encompassing both geometric and machine learning approaches ...


Implementation Of Image Quality Assessment Algorithms For Descriptive Statistics And Deep Learning On Stegoappdb, Venkata Bhanu Chowdary Allada Jan 2019

Implementation Of Image Quality Assessment Algorithms For Descriptive Statistics And Deep Learning On Stegoappdb, Venkata Bhanu Chowdary Allada

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Image Stitching And Matching Tool In The Automated Iterative Reverse Engineer (Aire) Integrated Circuit Analysis Suite, David C. Bowman Jan 2018

Image Stitching And Matching Tool In The Automated Iterative Reverse Engineer (Aire) Integrated Circuit Analysis Suite, David C. Bowman

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Due to current market forces, leading-edge semiconductor fabrication plants have moved outside of the US. While this is not a problem at first glance, when it comes to security-sensitive applications, over-production, device cloning, or design alteration becomes a possibility. Since these vulnerabilities exist during the fabrication phase, a Reverse Engineering (RE) step must be introduced to help ensure secure device operation. This thesis proposes several unique methods and a collection of tools to ensure trust assurance in integrated circuit design by detecting fabrication flaws and possible hardware Trojans using several image processing techniques; fused into a singular view of the ...


Image Processing And Understanding Based On Graph Similarity Testing: Algorithm Design And Software Development, Jieqi Kang Mar 2017

Image Processing And Understanding Based On Graph Similarity Testing: Algorithm Design And Software Development, Jieqi Kang

Doctoral Dissertations

Image processing and understanding is a key task in the human visual system. Among all related topics, content based image retrieval and classification is the most typical and important problem. Successful image retrieval/classification models require an effective fundamental step of image representation and feature extraction. While traditional methods are not capable of capturing all structural information on the image, using graph to represent the image is not only biologically plausible but also has certain advantages.

Graphs have been widely used in image related applications. Traditional graph-based image analysis models include pixel-based graph-cut techniques for image segmentation, low-level and high-level ...


Analysis Of 3d Cone-Beam Ct Image Reconstruction Performance On A Fpga, Devin Held Dec 2016

Analysis Of 3d Cone-Beam Ct Image Reconstruction Performance On A Fpga, Devin Held

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Efficient and accurate tomographic image reconstruction has been an intensive topic of research due to the increasing everyday usage in areas such as radiology, biology, and materials science. Computed tomography (CT) scans are used to analyze internal structures through capture of x-ray images. Cone-beam CT scans project a cone-shaped x-ray to capture 2D image data from a single focal point, rotating around the object. CT scans are prone to multiple artifacts, including motion blur, streaks, and pixel irregularities, therefore must be run through image reconstruction software to reduce visual artifacts. The most common algorithm used is the Feldkamp, Davis, and ...


Video Annotation By Crowd Workers With Privacy-Preserving Local Disclosure, Apeksha Dipak Kumavat Dec 2016

Video Annotation By Crowd Workers With Privacy-Preserving Local Disclosure, Apeksha Dipak Kumavat

Open Access Theses

Advancements in computer vision are still not reliable enough for detecting video content including humans and their actions. Microtask crowdsourcing on task markets such as Amazon Mechnical Turk and Upwork can bring humans into the loop. However, engaging crowd workers to annotate non-public video footage risks revealing the identities of people in the video who may have a right to anonymity.

This thesis demonstrates how we can engage untrusted crowd workers to detect behaviors and objects, while robustly concealing the identities of all faces. We developed a web-based system that presents obfuscated videos to crowd workers, and provides them with ...


An Emg-Based Patient Monitoring System Using Zynq Soc Device, Farhad Fallahlalehzari Dec 2016

An Emg-Based Patient Monitoring System Using Zynq Soc Device, Farhad Fallahlalehzari

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This thesis describes the design, development, and testing of an EMG-based patient monitoring system using the Zynq device. Zynq is a system on chip device designed by Xilinx which consists of an ARM dual cortex-A9 processor as well as an FPGA integrated into one chip. This work also analyzes the performance of image-processing algorithms on this system and compares that performance to more traditional PC-based systems. Image processing algorithms, such as Sobel edge detection, dilation and erosion, could be used in conjunction with a camera for the patient monitoring purposes. These algorithms often perform sub-optimally on processors because of their ...


Ground Vehicle Platooning Control And Sensing In An Adversarial Environment, Samuel A. Mitchell May 2016

Ground Vehicle Platooning Control And Sensing In An Adversarial Environment, Samuel A. Mitchell

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The highways of the world are growing more congested. People are inherently bad drivers from a safety and system reliability perspective. Self-driving cars are one solution to this problem, as automation can remove human error and react consistently to unexpected events. Automated vehicles have been touted as a potential solution to improving highway utilization and increasing the safety of people on the roads. Automated vehicles have proven to be capable of interacting safely with human drivers, but the technology is still new. This means that there are points of failure that have not been discovered yet.

The focus of this ...


Face Recognition With Multi-Stage Matching Algorithms, Xianming Chen Dec 2015

Face Recognition With Multi-Stage Matching Algorithms, Xianming Chen

Dissertations

For every face recognition method, the primary goal is to achieve higher recognition accuracy and spend less computational costs. However, as the gallery size increases, especially when one probe image corresponds to only one training image, face recognition becomes more and more challenging. First, a larger gallery size requires more computational costs and memory usage. Meanwhile, that the large gallery sizes degrade the recognition accuracy becomes an even more significant problem to be solved.

A coarse parallel algorithm that equally divides training images and probe images into multiple processors is proposed to deal with the large computational costs and huge ...


Design And Implementation Of Digital Information Security For Physical Documents, Pengcheng Wang Jul 2015

Design And Implementation Of Digital Information Security For Physical Documents, Pengcheng Wang

Masters Theses

The objective of this thesis is to improve the security for physical paper documents. Providing information security has been difficult in environments that rely on physical paper documents to implement business processes. Our work presents the design of a digital information security system for paper documents, called "CryptoPaper", that uses 2-dimensional codes to represent data and its security properties on paper. A special scanner system is designed for "CryptoPaper" which uses image recognition techniques and cloud-based access control to display plaintext of encrypted and encoded data to authorized users.


Design And Verification Environment For High-Performance Video-Based Embedded Systems, Michael Mefenza Nentedem May 2015

Design And Verification Environment For High-Performance Video-Based Embedded Systems, Michael Mefenza Nentedem

Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, a method and a tool to enable design and verification of computation demanding embedded vision-based systems is presented. Starting with an executable specification in OpenCV, we provide subsequent refinements and verification down to a system-on-chip prototype into an FPGA-Based smart camera. At each level of abstraction, properties of image processing applications are used along with structure composition to provide a generic architecture that can be automatically verified and mapped to the lower abstraction level. The result is a framework that encapsulates the computer vision library OpenCV at the highest level, integrates Accelera's System-C/TLM with UVM ...


Extraction Of Pictorial Energy Information From Campus Unmetered Buildings Using Image Processing Techniques, Yachen Tang Jan 2015

Extraction Of Pictorial Energy Information From Campus Unmetered Buildings Using Image Processing Techniques, Yachen Tang

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

In recent years, advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) has been the main research focus due to the traditional power grid has been restricted to meet development requirements. There has been an ongoing effort to increase the number of AMI devices that provide real-time data readings to improve system observability. Deployed AMI across distribution secondary networks provides load and consumption information for individual households which can improve grid management. Significant upgrade costs associated with retrofitting existing meters with network-capable sensing can be made more economical by using image processing methods to extract usage information from images of the existing meters. This thesis ...


Computer Aided Detection Of Oral Lesions On Ct Images, Shaikat Mahmood Galib Jan 2015

Computer Aided Detection Of Oral Lesions On Ct Images, Shaikat Mahmood Galib

Masters Theses

"Oral lesions are important findings on computed tomography images. They are difficult to detect on CT images because of low contrast, arbitrary orientation of objects, complicated topology and lack of clear lines indicating lesions. In this thesis, a fully automatic method to detect oral lesions from dental CT images is proposed to identify (1) Closed boundary lesions and (2) Bone deformation lesions. Two algorithms were developed to recognize these two types of lesions, which cover most of the lesion types that can be found on CT images. The results were validated using a dataset of 52 patients. Using non training ...


Automated Image Interpretation For Science Autonomy In Robotic Planetary Exploration, Raymond Francis Aug 2014

Automated Image Interpretation For Science Autonomy In Robotic Planetary Exploration, Raymond Francis

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Advances in the capabilities of robotic planetary exploration missions have increased the wealth of scientific data they produce, presenting challenges for mission science and operations imposed by the limits of interplanetary radio communications. These data budget pressures can be relieved by increased robotic autonomy, both for onboard operations tasks and for decision- making in response to science data.

This thesis presents new techniques in automated image interpretation for natural scenes of relevance to planetary science and exploration, and elaborates autonomy scenarios under which they could be used to extend the reach and performance of exploration missions on planetary surfaces.

Two ...


Enhanced Diagnostic Accuracy Of Mammograms On A Mobile Device, Sharanya Padmanabhan Apr 2013

Enhanced Diagnostic Accuracy Of Mammograms On A Mobile Device, Sharanya Padmanabhan

Open Access Theses

With the death of a woman every 13 minutes in the US, and one every minute worldwide, due to breast cancer, the need for early detection cannot be overstated. Mammography is a boon for both early detection and screening of breast tumors. It is an imaging system that uses low dose (9mrem) x-rays for examining the breasts, by the electrons reflected from the tissues (thermoelectric effect). However, there are 20% false positives and 10% false negatives in current practice. Hence, there is a critical need for enhancing the accuracy of these mammograms. Towards this, this thesis was aimed at enhancing ...


Framework Development For Construction Safety Visualization, Kishor Shrestha May 2012

Framework Development For Construction Safety Visualization, Kishor Shrestha

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Throughout the history of the construction industry, many fatalities and injuries have occurred in construction sites. One of the major causes of accidents is unsafe site conditions; basically, this is due to inadequate supervision. To improve upon the traditional supervision approach, this study proposes a `Framework Development for Construction Safety Visualization' approach. In addition to this, a computer vision Edge Detection Algorithm was developed and tested to convert construction site still images into edges of the objects in the images. The framework development of this study uses computer vision, robot vision, image compression, pattern recognition, internet transmission, network communication, and ...


Automated Visual Monitoring Of Machining Equipment, Timothy Wayne Ragland Dec 2011

Automated Visual Monitoring Of Machining Equipment, Timothy Wayne Ragland

Masters Theses

Metalworking equipment is designed to modify a sheet, rod, or block of metal material in order to shape it for a specific application. This equipment can operate on the metal by bending it, drilling through it, or by cutting it. For small-scale operations, many tools require a significant amount of manual input. Unless the operator has extensive training and experience, the manual input may not be precise enough for fine details that may be needed in some applications. For example, with a bending brake, obtaining an accurate angle for the bend may be quite difficult. For a particular application, an ...


Measuring Digital System Latency From Sensing To Actuation At Continuous 1 Millisecond Resolution, Weixin Wu Dec 2011

Measuring Digital System Latency From Sensing To Actuation At Continuous 1 Millisecond Resolution, Weixin Wu

All Theses

This thesis describes a new method for measuring the end-to-end latency between sensing and actuation in a digital computing system. Compared to previous work, which generally measures the latency at 16-33 ms intervals or at discrete events separated by hundreds of ms, our new method measures the latency continuously at 1 millisecond resolution. This allows for the observation of variations in latency over sub 1 s periods, instead of relying upon averages of measurements. We have applied our method to two systems, the ?rst using a camera for sensing and an LCD monitor for actuation, and the second using an ...


Accelerating Pattern Recognition Algorithms On Parallel Computing Architectures, Kenneth Rice Dec 2011

Accelerating Pattern Recognition Algorithms On Parallel Computing Architectures, Kenneth Rice

All Dissertations

The move to more parallel computing architectures places more responsibility on the programmer to achieve greater performance. The programmer must now have a greater understanding of the underlying architecture and the inherent algorithmic parallelism. Using parallel computing architectures for exploiting algorithmic parallelism can be a complex task. This dissertation demonstrates various techniques for using parallel computing architectures to exploit algorithmic parallelism. Specifically, three pattern recognition (PR) approaches are examined for acceleration across multiple parallel computing architectures, namely field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and general purpose graphical processing units (GPGPUs).
Phase-only filter correlation for fingerprint identification was studied as the first ...


Stereoscopic Vision In Vehicle Navigation., Behnoush Abdollahi 1986- Aug 2011

Stereoscopic Vision In Vehicle Navigation., Behnoush Abdollahi 1986-

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Traffic sign (TS) detection and tracking is one of the main tasks of an autonomous vehicle which is addressed in the field of computer vision. An autonomous vehicle must have vision based recognition of the road to follow the rules like every other vehicle on the road. Besides, TS detection and tracking can be used to give feedbacks to the driver. This can significantly increase safety in making driving decisions. For a successful TS detection and tracking changes in weather and lighting conditions should be considered. Also, the camera is in motion, which results in image distortion and motion blur ...


Motion Analysis Of Fluid Flow In A Spinning Disk Reactor, Valentina N. Korzhova Sep 2009

Motion Analysis Of Fluid Flow In A Spinning Disk Reactor, Valentina N. Korzhova

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The ow of a liquid _lm over a rapidly rotating horizontal disk has numerous industrial applications including pharmaceuticals, chemical engineering, bioengineering, etc. The analysis and control of complex uid ows over a rapidly rotating horizontal disk is an important issue in the experimental uid mechanics. The spinning disk reactor exploits the bene_ts of centrifugal force, which produces thin highly sheared _lms due to radial acceleration. The hydrodynamics of the _lm results in excellent uid mixing and high heat or mass transfer rates.

This work focuses on developing a novel approach for uid ow tracking and analysis. Speci_cally, the developed algorithm ...


Image Processing For Multiple-Target Tracking On A Graphics Processing Unit, Michael A. Tanner Mar 2009

Image Processing For Multiple-Target Tracking On A Graphics Processing Unit, Michael A. Tanner

Theses and Dissertations

Multiple-target tracking (MTT) systems have been implemented on many different platforms, however these solutions are often expensive and have long development times. Such MTT implementations require custom hardware, yet offer very little flexibility with ever changing data sets and target tracking requirements. This research explores how to supplement and enhance MTT performance with an existing graphics processing unit (GPU) on a general computing platform. Typical computers are already equipped with powerful GPUs to support various games and multimedia applications. However, such GPUs are not currently being used in desktop MTT applications. This research explores if and how a GPU can ...


Computational Techniques For Reducing Spectra Of The Giant Planets In Our Solar System, Holly L. Grimes Jan 2009

Computational Techniques For Reducing Spectra Of The Giant Planets In Our Solar System, Holly L. Grimes

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis presents algorithms for performing the next two reduction steps, namely orthogonalization and extraction. More specifically, this thesis addresses the following research question: What are proper methods of orthogonalizing spectral images in preparation for extraction?


Automatic Human Face Detection In Color Images, Son Lam Phung Jan 2003

Automatic Human Face Detection In Color Images, Son Lam Phung

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Automatic human face detection in digital image has been an active area of research over the past decade. Among its numerous applications, face detection plays a key role in face recognition system for biometric personal identification, face tracking for intelligent human computer interface (HCI), and face segmentation for object-based video coding. Despite significant progress in the field in recent years, detecting human faces in unconstrained and complex images remains a challenging problem in computer vision. An automatic system that possesses a similar capability as the human vision system in detecting faces is still a far-reaching goal. This thesis focuses on ...