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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

A Low Temperature Co-Fired Ceramic (Ltcc) Interposer Based Three-Dimensional Stacked Wire Bondless Power Module, Atanu Dutta Aug 2017

A Low Temperature Co-Fired Ceramic (Ltcc) Interposer Based Three-Dimensional Stacked Wire Bondless Power Module, Atanu Dutta

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this dissertation research is to develop a low temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) interposer-based module-level 3-D wire bondless stacked power module. As part of the dissertation work, the 3-D wire bondless stack is designed, simulated, fabricated and characterized. The 3-D wire bondless stack is realized with two stand-alone power modules in a half-bridge configuration. Each stand-alone power module consists of two 1200 V 25 A silicon insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) devices in parallel and two 1200 V 20 A Schottky barrier diodes (SBD) in an antiparallel configuration. A novel interconnection scheme with conductive clamps and a spring loaded ...


Rf Location Tracking: A Modular Antenna System Implementation, Alan Tao Feng, Razma Mogharrab, Carlos Rivera Jun 2017

Rf Location Tracking: A Modular Antenna System Implementation, Alan Tao Feng, Razma Mogharrab, Carlos Rivera

Interdisciplinary Design Senior Theses

From the Amazon Prime Air drone delivery service to the usage of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in military operations, recent years have seen the development of autonomous flight technologies becoming one of the major research topics in the drone industry. Tracking the geographic position of drones is a crucial part of any autonomous flight, but the common methods of drone location tracking either have too large of an error margin or require extensive environmental setup. The aforementioned issues are major roadblocks in the advancement of autonomous flight operations. The proposed solution is a new and improved method to track the ...


Low Cost Sms-Enabled Ekg For Use In Developing Countries, Gabriel Christ, Shachi Kakkar, Michael Mcelroy, Augustus Boling Jun 2017

Low Cost Sms-Enabled Ekg For Use In Developing Countries, Gabriel Christ, Shachi Kakkar, Michael Mcelroy, Augustus Boling

Interdisciplinary Design Senior Theses

According to official estimates, cardiovascular disease will become the leading cause of death in the developing world by 2020 [1]. This makes regular screening and early detection a priority for these regions. At present, such screening relies on stationary electrocardiogram (ECG) machines, but this technology has several drawbacks. Most machines are costly, stationary, and require a physician onsite to collect and interpret the data; as a result many isolated rural communities lack access to basic heart disease screening. In order to better meet the screening needs of these populations, we propose a twopart solution involving a simplified, inexpensive ECG device ...


Vital Sensory Kit For Use With Telemedicine In Developing Countries, Alejandra Pacheco, Jose Hernandez, Antonio Maldonado-Liu, Natalie Arrizon Jun 2017

Vital Sensory Kit For Use With Telemedicine In Developing Countries, Alejandra Pacheco, Jose Hernandez, Antonio Maldonado-Liu, Natalie Arrizon

Interdisciplinary Design Senior Theses

In many developing countries, a large percentage of the population lacks access to adequate healthcare. This is especially true in India where close to 70% of the population lives in rural areas and has little to no access to hospitals or clinics. People living in rural India often times cannot afford to pay to see a doctor should they need to make the journey to a hospital. Telemedicine, a breakthrough in the past couple decades, has broken down the barrier between the patient and the physician. It has slowly been implemented in India to make doctors more available to patients ...


Smart Safeguard, Stephen J. Marrone Jun 2017

Smart Safeguard, Stephen J. Marrone

Electrical Engineering

Smart Safeguard is designed to provide people with an affordable device that will notify the authorities when the buyer gets in a car crash. The device will operate off the 12V car power that is present in every car and use an accelerometer to detect if an accident has occurred. If an accident is detected the device will proceed to light up and make a noise until the passenger pushes a button on the device. If the passenger doesn’t push the button within 15 seconds the device, which is wirelessly connected to the passenger’s phone, will initiate a ...


Design And Control Of Electronic Motor Drives For Regenerative Robotics, Taylor Barto Jan 2017

Design And Control Of Electronic Motor Drives For Regenerative Robotics, Taylor Barto

ETD Archive

Two regenerative motor drives, a voltage source converter and a bidirectional buck/boost converter, are studied for energy regeneration and joint trajectory tracking. The motor drives are applied to two different robotic systems—a PUMA560 robotic arm and a hip testing robot / prosthesis system. An artificial neural network controller is implemented with the two motor drives and provides joint trajectory tracking with an RMS error of 0.03 rad. The control signals produced by the artificial neural network contain a large amount of high frequency content which prevents practical implementation. A robust passivity-based motion controller is modified to include information ...


Derivative-Free Kalman Filter-Based Control Of Nonlinear Systems With Application To Transfemoral Prostheses, S. Mahmoud Moosavi Jan 2017

Derivative-Free Kalman Filter-Based Control Of Nonlinear Systems With Application To Transfemoral Prostheses, S. Mahmoud Moosavi

ETD Archive

Derivative-free Kalman filtering (DKF) for estimation-based control of a special class of nonlinear systems is presented. The method includes a standard Kalman filter for the estimation of both states and unknown inputs, and a nonlinear system that is transformed to controllable canonical state space form through feedback linearization (FL). A direct current (DC) motor with an input torque that is a nonlinear function of the state is considered as a case study for a nonlinear single-input-single-output (SISO) system. A three degree-of-freedom (DOF) robot / prosthesis system, which includes a robot that emulates human hip and thigh motion and a powered (active ...


Advanced Line-Follower Robot, Lei Wang Jan 2017

Advanced Line-Follower Robot, Lei Wang

ETD Archive

In this research, an Advanced Line-follower Robot (ALFR) was designed and built. The ALFR mainly consists of the sensor array (QTR-8A), the high-performance microchips (TMS320f28335, TMS320f28069) and two motors (BLY172S-24V-4000). The ALFR keeps the basic function of the Line-follower Robot (LFR) but applies more advanced control theories, such as Proportional Integral Derivative (PID), Active Disturbance Rejection Control (ADRC) and Iterative Learning Control (ILC). PID and ADRC have been tested in the ALFR. The ALFR control problems and the results have been discussed in this thesis. Suggestions are also provided for research on unsolved problems. In particular, the mathematical models of ...


Experimental Verification Of A Generalized Control Method For Constant Switching Frequency Three Phase Pwm Boost Rectifier Under Extremely Unbalanced Operating Conditions, Divin Sujatha Krishnan Jan 2017

Experimental Verification Of A Generalized Control Method For Constant Switching Frequency Three Phase Pwm Boost Rectifier Under Extremely Unbalanced Operating Conditions, Divin Sujatha Krishnan

ETD Archive

This thesis presents experimental verification of a generalized control method for constant switching frequency Three-phase PWM Boost Type Rectifier under extremely unbalanced operating conditions in the power system. In this model, a hysteresis current controller has been implemented using a high-speed micro-controller to generate the gate signals. Even though a constant switching frequency was achieved in the previous model, while in simulation using MATLAB/Simulink, it wasn’t achieved experimentally due to the low processing speed of the DSpace processor ds1104. This problem has been resolved by using the “C2000 Delfino MCUs F28377S Launchpad ” from Texas Instruments to implement Hysteresis ...


Analysis And Design Of High-Frequency Soft-Switching Dc-Dc Converter For Wireless Power Charging Applications, Abhishek V. Danekar Jan 2017

Analysis And Design Of High-Frequency Soft-Switching Dc-Dc Converter For Wireless Power Charging Applications, Abhishek V. Danekar

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Wireless power transfer (WPT) technology is becoming attractive in a wide variety of applications such as electric-vehicle charging, induction heating, charging portable applications, industrial robots, and biomedical implants. Recent studies have shown various techniques to implement wireless power transfer and these techniques differ based on the type of applications. For example, for electric vehicle charging, the power levels are in the range 5 kW to 25 kW and the operating frequency is in the range 70 kHz to 110 kHz. On the other hand, for consumer applications, the power levels vary from a few watts to hundreds of watts and ...


Gnss Receiver Testing And Algorithm Development, Rachael E. Kolker Jan 2017

Gnss Receiver Testing And Algorithm Development, Rachael E. Kolker

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Many current GNSS Software Defined Receivers (SDRs) are often limited in what they can do across a range of developmental applications. They cannot perform acquisition and tracking without several iterations of coding, which does not allow for fast processing. This work provides a Matlab SDR that is based on freely available and optimized components that can be applied to all GNSS signals. A previous basis has been expanded upon to perform tracking of QZSS signals. In addition to this, two separate hardware front ends were compared and their differences analyzed. These hardware systems collected data with different disciplining clocks, but ...


Implementation Of High Speed And Low Power Radix-4 8*8 Booth Multiplier In Cmos 32nm Technology, Rishit Navinbhai Patel Jan 2017

Implementation Of High Speed And Low Power Radix-4 8*8 Booth Multiplier In Cmos 32nm Technology, Rishit Navinbhai Patel

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

According to Moore’s law, number of transistors integrated on a single chip double every 18 months with a lot new functionality embedded, which results the increasing of delay and power consumption of a chip. To improve the performance of a more complicated digital circuit design, faster and power efficient digital sub-components are in urgent need. Multipliers are the key components in the field of DSP, GPU and CPU which compute enormous amount of binary data. A radix-4 8*8 booth multiplier is proposed and implemented in this thesis aiming to reduce power delay product. Four stages with different architecture ...


Improvement Of Continuous Wave Radar Measurements In A Partially Controlled Environment, Jared Smith Jan 2017

Improvement Of Continuous Wave Radar Measurements In A Partially Controlled Environment, Jared Smith

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

A continuous wave (CW) radar system within a partially controlled environment measures scale model aircraft for mono-static and fully polarimetric radar imaging. Due to a pseudo-far-field setup, wavefront curvature manifests primarily as geometric distortion. Recently proposed phase error models show induced geometric distortion to be independent of aperture size which are verified via measurement for Sensors and Signals Exploitation Laboratory (SSEL) collections. The partially controlled nature of the SSEL introduces stray infrastructural reflections into the measured data. Three methods to reduce stray signals are explored namely: true background subtraction (TBS), running average (RA), and spatial filtering (SF). Of the three ...


Extended Kalman Filter And Lqr Controller Design For Quadrotor Uavs, Muneeb Masood Raja Jan 2017

Extended Kalman Filter And Lqr Controller Design For Quadrotor Uavs, Muneeb Masood Raja

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

A quadrotor is a unique class of UAVs with vertical take off and landing (VTOL) capability and has attracted significant attention due to its importance in various applications. This thesis presents the design and experimental implementation of Extended Kalman Filters (EKFs) to estimate the states of a quadrotor and a Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) controller with integral action to meet the desired control objectives. In case of the Extended Kalman Filters, two different situations are considered: (1) all the states including the Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) biases are estimated; (2) only the attitude, altitude, and vertical velocity are estimated. The ...


An Engage Or Retreat Differential Game With Mobile Agents, Swathi Chandrasekar Jan 2017

An Engage Or Retreat Differential Game With Mobile Agents, Swathi Chandrasekar

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

The thesis is aimed at developing optimal defensive strategies that dissuade an attacker from engaging a defender while simultaneously persuading the attacker to retreat. A two-player Engage or Retreat differential game is developed in which one player represents a mobile attacker and the other player represents a mobile defender. Both players are modeled as massless particles moving with constant velocity. The choice to terminate the game in engagement or retreat lies with the attacker. The defender indirectly influences the choice of the attacker by manipulating the latter's utility function. In other words, the defender co-operates with the attacker so ...