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2018 Ieee Signal Processing Cup: Forensic Camera Model Identification Challenge, Michael Geiger Jun 2018

2018 Ieee Signal Processing Cup: Forensic Camera Model Identification Challenge, Michael Geiger

Honors Theses

The goal of this Senior Capstone Project was to lead Union College’s first ever Signal Processing Cup Team to compete in IEEE’s 2018 Signal Processing Cup Competition. This year’s competition was a forensic camera model identification challenge and was divided into two separate stages of competition: Open Competition and Final Competition. Participation in the Open Competition was open to any teams of undergraduate students, but the Final Competition was only open to the three finalists from Open Competition and is scheduled to be held at ICASSP 2018 in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Teams that make it to the ...


Probabilistic Insertion, Deletion And Substitution Error Correction Using Markov Inference In Next Generation Sequencing Reads, Vahid Noroozi Jan 2016

Probabilistic Insertion, Deletion And Substitution Error Correction Using Markov Inference In Next Generation Sequencing Reads, Vahid Noroozi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Error correction of noisy reads obtained from high-throughput DNA sequencers is an important problem since read quality significantly affects downstream analyses such as detection of genetic variation and the complexity and success of sequence assembly. Most of the current error correction algorithms are only capable of recovering substitution errors. In this work, Pindel, an algorithm that simultaneously corrects insertion, deletion and substitution errors in reads from next generation DNA sequencing platforms is presented. Pindel corrects insertion, deletion and substitution errors by modelling the sequencer output as emissions of an appropriately defined Hidden Markov Model (HMM). Reads are corrected to the ...


Green Cooperative Spectrum Sensing And Scheduling In Heterogeneous Cognitive Radio Networks, Abdulkadir Celik Jan 2016

Green Cooperative Spectrum Sensing And Scheduling In Heterogeneous Cognitive Radio Networks, Abdulkadir Celik

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The motivation behind the cognitive radio networks (CRNs) is rooted in scarcity of the radio spectrum and inefficiency of its management to meet the ever increasing high quality of service demands. Furthermore, information and communication technologies have limited and/or expensive energy resources and contribute significantly to the global carbon footprint. To alleviate these issues, energy efficient and energy harvesting (EEH) CRNs can harvest the required energy from ambient renewable sources while collecting the necessary bandwidth by discovering free spectrum for a minimized energy cost. Therefore, EEH-CRNs have potential to achieve green communications by enabling spectrum and energy self-sustaining networks ...


Study Of Electronic Characteristics Of Heterojunction With Intrinsic Thin-Layer Devices And Defect Density Profile Of Nanocrystalline Silicon Germanium Devices, Watson Paul Mulder Jan 2015

Study Of Electronic Characteristics Of Heterojunction With Intrinsic Thin-Layer Devices And Defect Density Profile Of Nanocrystalline Silicon Germanium Devices, Watson Paul Mulder

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Heterojunction with Intrinsic Thin-layer (HIT) solar cells are an important photovoltaic technology, recently reaching record power conversion efficiencies. HIT cells hold advantages over the conventional crystalline Si solar cells, such as their fabrication at lower temperatures and their shorter fabrication time. It is important to understand the electronic characteristics and transport properties of HIT cells to continue to improve their efficiencies. The fundamental measurements of a HIT solar cell with an innovative n+/p/p+ structure are presented. We also report on a series of these HIT cells fabricated on wafers with different doping concentrations, observing the relationship between doping ...


Uncertainty In Power System Planning, Oluwaseyi Ayorinde Olatujoye Jan 2015

Uncertainty In Power System Planning, Oluwaseyi Ayorinde Olatujoye

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Deterministic transmission planning is based on deterministic assumptions, by planning for a single forecasted set of conditions. The issue of adaptability in transmission and generation expansion planning has become important for planners in order to deal with future uncertainties. Adaptability is "the ability to change (or be changed) to fit changed circumstances" [ ]. Adaptability planning helps mitigate losses in unforeseen situations and exploit opportunities in expected situations. Adaptability also provides the opportunities to take alternative actions after events unfold. Adaptable plans can help reduce future costs and time, and it also reduces complexity associated with possible future changes to the existing ...


Correctness Results For On-Line Robust Principal Components Analysis, Brian Thomas Lois Jan 2015

Correctness Results For On-Line Robust Principal Components Analysis, Brian Thomas Lois

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This work studies two interrelated problems - online robust PCA (RPCA) and online low-rank matrix completion (MC). In recent work by Candes et al., RPCA has been defined as a problem of separating a low-rank matrix (true data), L:=[ℓ₁, ℓ₂, ... ℓt, ... , ℓtmax and a sparse matrix (outliers), S:=[x₁, x₂, ... xt, ..., xtmax] from their sum, M:=L+S. Our work uses this definition of RPCA. An important application where both these problems occur is in video analytics in trying to separate sparse foregrounds (e.g., moving objects) and slowly changing backgrounds.

While there has been a large amount of recent ...


A Broadband Bistable Piezoelectric Cantilever-Based Vibration Energy Harvester With Nonlinear High Power Extraction, Kanishka Aman Singh Jan 2015

A Broadband Bistable Piezoelectric Cantilever-Based Vibration Energy Harvester With Nonlinear High Power Extraction, Kanishka Aman Singh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This work presents a nonlinear vibration energy harvester, which combines a nonlinear bistable broadband piezoelectric cantilever used to transduce ambient vibration energy, with synchronized capture for efficient harvesting over broadband sources. An accurate model of the bistable transducer, that augments the Butterworth van Dyke piezoelectric model to capture the external magnetic force added as a bias to the external vibrations, is presented. Its validity has been demonstrated through physical implementation and experimental validation against simulation of the mathematical model. For efficient extraction of the transduced energy, nonlinear extraction circuits, namely synchronous charge extraction (SCE) and parallel synchronized switch harvesting on ...


Dynamic Optimization Based Reactive Power Planning For Improving Short-Term Voltage Performance, Magesh Kumar Paramasivam Jan 2015

Dynamic Optimization Based Reactive Power Planning For Improving Short-Term Voltage Performance, Magesh Kumar Paramasivam

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Short term voltage stability in the form of delayed voltage recovery (FIDVR) poses a significant threat to system stability and reliability. This work examines the voltage instability issue in a power system with dense concentration of induction motor loads and applies dynamic VAR injection as a counter-measure to ensure short term voltage stability following a large disturbance. The dynamic behavior of motor loads, such as decelerating and stalling, is considered as the major cause of FIDVR incidents especially during summer peak load conditions in areas where low inertia single-phase air conditioning (A/C) motors comprise a significant portion of the ...


Energy Efficiency In Cognitive Radio Network: Study Of Cooperative Sensing Using Different Channel Sensing Methods, Chenxuan Cui Jan 2015

Energy Efficiency In Cognitive Radio Network: Study Of Cooperative Sensing Using Different Channel Sensing Methods, Chenxuan Cui

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

When cognitive radio (CR) operates, it starts by sensing spectrum and looking for idle bandwidth. There are several methods for CR to make a decision on either the channel is occupied or idle, for example, energy detection scheme, cyclostationary detection scheme and matching filtering detection scheme [1]. Among them, the most common method is energy detection scheme because of its algorithm and implementation simplicities [2]. There are two major methods for sensing, the first one is to sense single channel slot with varying bandwidth, whereas the second one is to sense multiple channels and each with same bandwidth. After sensing ...


New Developments In Magneto-Optic Interferometric Switching, John William Pritchard Jan 2015

New Developments In Magneto-Optic Interferometric Switching, John William Pritchard

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the next few decades, it is likely that high bandwidth wireless and optical technologies will be placed in the spotlight as the dominant avenues for communication all over the world. It is arguable that this is currently the case, and that the expectation for higher data transfer speeds, more secure and reliable transmission, and longer communication range is on an exponential rise. Thus, much effort and emphasis is being put on these technologies to advance as quickly as possible.

For optical systems, the majority of research has been focused on the realization of all-optical transmission, that is, transmission such ...


An Analogue Computer For Network Analyzer Stability Studies , Charles Melville Davis Jan 1954

An Analogue Computer For Network Analyzer Stability Studies , Charles Melville Davis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An electro-mechanical analogue computer has been described which simulates in conjunction with the 10-kc power amplifiers in the Network Analyzer the rotor inertia and the governor of a synchronous generator. The computer eliminates the need of tedious, time-consuming, step-by-step calculations in a transient stability problem and makes possible a more accurate analysis;The computer requires further development in order to maximize its capabilities and broaden the scope of inquiry possible with it. The application of the computer to non-linear problems outside the power system field is desirable and should be investigated.