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Cloud

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Towards Data And Model Confidentiality In Outsourced Machine Learning, Sagar Sharma Jan 2019

Towards Data And Model Confidentiality In Outsourced Machine Learning, Sagar Sharma

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

With massive data collections and needs for building powerful predictive models, data owners may choose to outsource storage and expensive machine learning computations to public cloud providers (Cloud). Data owners may choose cloud outsourcing due to the lack of in-house storage and computation resources or the expertise of building models. Similarly, users, who subscribe to specialized services such as movie streaming and social networking, voluntarily upload their data to the service providers' site for storage, analytics, and better services. The service provider, in turn, may also choose to benefit from ubiquitous cloud computing. However, outsourcing to a public cloud provider ...


Digital Forensic Tools & Cloud-Based Machine Learning For Analyzing Crime Data, Majeed Kayode Raji Jan 2018

Digital Forensic Tools & Cloud-Based Machine Learning For Analyzing Crime Data, Majeed Kayode Raji

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Digital forensics is a branch of forensic science in which we can recreate past events using forensic tools for legal measure. Also, the increase in the availability of mobile devices has led to their use in criminal activities. Moreover, the rate at which data is being generated has been on the increase which has led to big data problems. With cloud computing, data can now be stored, processed and analyzed as they are generated. This thesis documents consists of three studies related to data analysis. The first study involves analyzing data from an android smartphone while making a comparison between ...


Mobile Applications To Aid Office To Field Communication, William Hunter Bryson Dec 2017

Mobile Applications To Aid Office To Field Communication, William Hunter Bryson

Construction Management

The advancements in new age communication technology are changing and shaping the construction industry more than ever, and this technology can be utilized to solve the many issues faced in the realm of office to field communication. Currently, many companies in the construction industry struggle to effectively manage office to field communication. In an industry where details surrounding RFI’s, change orders, and submittals are constantly changing, it is imperative that information is communicated effectively and in a timely manner to the necessary people. If communication is not flowing in an accurate and succinct manner, very costly mistakes can be ...


Moblie Applications To Aid Office To Field Communcation, Will H. Bryson Dec 2017

Moblie Applications To Aid Office To Field Communcation, Will H. Bryson

Construction Management

The advancements in new age communication technology are changing and shaping the construction industry more than ever, and this technology can be utilized to solve the many issues faced in the realm of office to field communication. Currently, many companies in the construction industry struggle to effectively manage office to field communication. In an industry where details surrounding RFI’s, change orders, and submittals are constantly changing, it is imperative that information is communicated effectively and in a timely manner to the necessary people. If communication is not flowing in an accurate and succinct manner, very costly mistakes can be ...


Cloud-Based Analytic Element Groundwater Modeling, Jacob Baird Fullerton Mar 2017

Cloud-Based Analytic Element Groundwater Modeling, Jacob Baird Fullerton

Theses and Dissertations

Managing groundwater resources requires computer modeling software, which in turn brings its own costs in education and usage fees. Although many groundwater modeling programs can be obtained at relatively inexpensive rates the hidden costs of software training remain high in general. What has been done is to make both the software and training available online for free, but this method delegates all responsibility to the users for both accessing the software in addition to learning how to use it properly. In this research the accessibility of groundwater models has been improved upon by creating a web app of an open ...


Contributions To Edge Computing, Vernon K. Bumgardner Jan 2017

Contributions To Edge Computing, Vernon K. Bumgardner

Theses and Dissertations--Computer Science

Efforts related to Internet of Things (IoT), Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), Machine to Machine (M2M) technologies, Industrial Internet, and Smart Cities aim to improve society through the coordination of distributed devices and analysis of resulting data. By the year 2020 there will be an estimated 50 billion network connected devices globally and 43 trillion gigabytes of electronic data. Current practices of moving data directly from end-devices to remote and potentially distant cloud computing services will not be sufficient to manage future device and data growth.

Edge Computing is the migration of computational functionality to sources of data generation. The importance of ...


Distributed And Scalable Video Analysis Architecture For Human Activity Recognition Using Cloud Services, Cody Wilson Eilar Dec 2016

Distributed And Scalable Video Analysis Architecture For Human Activity Recognition Using Cloud Services, Cody Wilson Eilar

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

This thesis proposes an open-source, maintainable system for detecting human activity in large video datasets using scalable hardware architectures. The system is validated by detecting writing and typing activities that were collected as part of the Advancing Out of School Learning in Mathematics and Engineering (AOLME) project. The implementation of the system using Amazon Web Services (AWS) is shown to be both horizontally and vertically scalable. The software associated with the system was designed to be robust so as to facilitate reproducibility and extensibility for future research.


Teaching The Internet Of Things: Bridging A Path From Cpe329, Steven Han, Rafael Lopez Dec 2016

Teaching The Internet Of Things: Bridging A Path From Cpe329, Steven Han, Rafael Lopez

Computer Engineering

“The ability to connect, communicate with, and remotely manage an incalculable number of networked, automated devices via the Internet is becoming pervasive, from the commercial kitchen to the residential basement room to the arm of the fitness buff.” - WSO2

In this report, we will investigate procedures and technologies used in IoT. A variety of cloud platforms will be described to demonstrate its strengths and usage on IoT applications. Furthermore, demonstrate the most popular hardware being used in several of these applications. This report is aimed to give a good understanding on what it takes to put together an IoT application ...


Spotlight: An Information Service For The Cloud, Xue Ouyang Jul 2016

Spotlight: An Information Service For The Cloud, Xue Ouyang

Masters Theses

Infrastructure-as-a-Service cloud platforms are incredibly complex: they rent hundreds of different types of servers across multiple geographical regions under a wide range of contract types that offer varying tradeoffs between risk and cost. Unfortunately, the internal dynamics of cloud platforms are opaque in several dimensions. For example, while the risk of servers not being available when requested is critical in optimizing these risk-cost tradeoffs, it is not typically made visible to users. Thus, inspired by prior work on Internet bandwidth probing, we propose actively probing cloud platforms to explicitly learn such information, where each "probe'' is a request for a ...


Efficient Computation And Communication Management For All-Pairs Interactions, Cory James Kleinheksel Jan 2016

Efficient Computation And Communication Management For All-Pairs Interactions, Cory James Kleinheksel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Big data continues to grow in size for all sciences. New methods like those proposed are needed to further reduce memory footprints and distribute work equally across compute nodes both in local HPC systems and rented cluster resources in the cloud. Modern infrastructures have evolved to support these big data computations and that includes key pieces like our internet backbones and data center networks. Many optical networks face heterogeneous communication requests requiring topologies to be efficient and fault tolerant. The all-pairs problem requires all elements (computation datasets or communication nodes) to be paired with all other elements. These all-pairs problems ...


A User Driven Cloud Based Multisystem Malware Detection System, Brian Steven Cain Jan 2016

A User Driven Cloud Based Multisystem Malware Detection System, Brian Steven Cain

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Using compromised or malicious sites to launch attacks against client systems is a growing attack vector in today's threat landscape. Attackers are able to stand up new sites at an alarming rate while client systems are constantly evolving, and exposing new vulnerabilities that are able to be exploited by an attacker. Additionally, client systems are growing in value for attackers as they often contain personal information, banking information, and passwords. Historically, analyzing new sites for malicious content has been a very manual process or an automated process where the end users' needs were removed from the process. This thesis ...


Mitigating Interference During Virtual Machine Live Migration Through Storage Offloading, Morgan S. Stuart Jan 2016

Mitigating Interference During Virtual Machine Live Migration Through Storage Offloading, Morgan S. Stuart

Theses and Dissertations

Today's cloud landscape has evolved computing infrastructure into a dynamic, high utilization, service-oriented paradigm. This shift has enabled the commoditization of large-scale storage and distributed computation, allowing engineers to tackle previously untenable problems without large upfront investment. A key enabler of flexibility in the cloud is the ability to transfer running virtual machines across subnets or even datacenters using live migration. However, live migration can be a costly process, one that has the potential to interfere with other applications not involved with the migration. This work investigates storage interference through experimentation with real-world systems and well-established benchmarks. In order ...


Slaps Music Sharing App, Maximillian L. Parelius Jun 2015

Slaps Music Sharing App, Maximillian L. Parelius

Computer Engineering

Slaps is a fun way to share new songs with friends. Users can simply select songs from their personal library of music, select a short sample of the song to share, and then select which friends to share it with. If a user loves a song that he/she receives, they can link directly to iTunes through the app to download the full song.


Building Computing-As-A-Service Mobile Cloud System, Kun Wang Jan 2015

Building Computing-As-A-Service Mobile Cloud System, Kun Wang

Wayne State University Dissertations

The last five years have witnessed the proliferation of smart mobile devices, the explosion of various mobile applications and the rapid adoption of cloud computing in business, governmental and educational IT deployment. There is also a growing trends of combining mobile computing and cloud computing as a new popular computing paradigm nowadays. This thesis envisions the future of mobile computing which is primarily affected by following three trends: First, servers in cloud equipped with high speed multi-core technology have been the main stream today. Meanwhile, ARM processor powered servers is growingly became popular recently and the virtualization on ARM systems ...


Privacy Protection On Cloud Computing, Min Li Jan 2015

Privacy Protection On Cloud Computing, Min Li

Theses and Dissertations

Cloud is becoming the most popular computing infrastructure because it can attract more and more traditional companies due to flexibility and cost-effectiveness. However, privacy concern is the major issue that prevents users from deploying on public clouds. My research focuses on protecting user's privacy in cloud computing. I will present a hardware-based and a migration-based approach to protect user's privacy. The root cause of the privacy problem is current cloud privilege design gives too much power to cloud providers. Once the control virtual machine (installed by cloud providers) is compromised, external adversaries will breach users’ privacy. Malicious cloud ...


A Process Framework For Managing Quality Of Service In Private Cloud, Arvind Maskara Aug 2014

A Process Framework For Managing Quality Of Service In Private Cloud, Arvind Maskara

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

As information systems leaders tap into the global market of cloud computing-based services, they struggle to maintain consistent application performance due to lack of a process framework for managing quality of service (QoS) in the cloud. Guided by the disruptive innovation theory, the purpose of this case study was to identify a process framework for meeting the QoS requirements of private cloud service users. Private cloud implementation was explored by selecting an organization in California through purposeful sampling. Information was gathered by interviewing 23 information technology (IT) professionals, a mix of frontline engineers, managers, and leaders involved in the implementation ...


Investigating Virtual Globes For A Prototype Community Archive Of 3d Subsurface Data, Derek C. Whitman Jun 2014

Investigating Virtual Globes For A Prototype Community Archive Of 3d Subsurface Data, Derek C. Whitman

Theses and Dissertations

Geoscience data sharing and processing is very advanced in terms of surface data. Subsurface data sharing has not received the attention that surface data sharing has received and so there are fewer applications or software packages which focus on it. This research is funded by the NSF EarthCube GEO Domain program in an effort to develop a continental-scale repository of 3D subsurface data to facilitate the sharing of complex 3D data and to enable the development of geoprocessing tools and workflows that operate on that data. The work in this thesis is a small part of the EarthCube project with ...


Fractal-Based Cloud Shadow And Irradiance Model For Power System Analysis With High Penetration Of Photovoltaics, Chengrui Cai Jan 2014

Fractal-Based Cloud Shadow And Irradiance Model For Power System Analysis With High Penetration Of Photovoltaics, Chengrui Cai

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Distributed photovoltaic (PV) power generation systems are being rapidly deployed worldwide, causing technical problems such as reverse power flows, voltage rise and abnormal operation of voltage control devices in distribution feeders, and real and reactive power transients that affect the operation of the bulk transmission system. To fully understand and address these problems, extensive computer simulation studies are required. As a prerequisite, modeling of PV generation with satisfactory spatial and temporal resolution plays a key role. To this end, this dissertation sets forth a fractal-based cloud shadow and irradiance model that can be used to recreate the power generation of ...


Morphology And Mixing State Of Atmospheric Particles: Links To Optical Properties And Cloud Processing, Swarup China Jan 2014

Morphology And Mixing State Of Atmospheric Particles: Links To Optical Properties And Cloud Processing, Swarup China

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports - Open

Atmospheric particles are ubiquitous in Earth’s atmosphere and impact the environment and the climate while affecting human health and Earth’s radiation balance, and degrading visibility. Atmospheric particles directly affect our planet’s radiation budget by scattering and absorbing solar radiation, and indirectly by interacting with clouds. Single particle morphology (shape, size and internal structure) and mixing state (coating by organic and inorganic material) can significantly influence the particle optical properties as well as various microphysical processes, involving cloud-particle interactions and including heterogeneous ice nucleation and water uptake. Conversely, aerosol cloud processing can affect the morphology and mixing of ...


Aerosol Predictions And Their Links To Weather Forecasts Through Online Interactive Atmospheric Modeling And Data Assimilation, Pablo Enrique Saide Peralta Dec 2013

Aerosol Predictions And Their Links To Weather Forecasts Through Online Interactive Atmospheric Modeling And Data Assimilation, Pablo Enrique Saide Peralta

Theses and Dissertations

Atmospheric particles represent a component of air pollution that has been identified as a major contributor to adverse health effects and mortality. Aerosols also interact with solar radiation and clouds perturbing the atmosphere and generating responses in a wide range of scales, such as changes to severe weather and climate. Thus, being able to accurately predict aerosols and its effects on atmospheric properties is of upmost importance.

This thesis presents a collection of studies with the global objective to advance in science and operations the use of WRF-Chem, a regional model able to provide weather and atmospheric chemistry predictions and ...


Benefits Of Near-Term Cloud Location Forecasting For Large Solar Pv, Timothy Robert Rudd Aug 2011

Benefits Of Near-Term Cloud Location Forecasting For Large Solar Pv, Timothy Robert Rudd

Master's Theses and Project Reports

As the ‘green’ energy movement continues to gain momentum, photovoltaic generation is becoming an increasingly popular source for new power generation. The primary focus of this paper is to demonstrate the benefits of close-to real-time cloud sensing for Photovoltaic generation. In order to benefit from this close-to real-time data, a source of cloud cover information is necessary. This paper looks into the potential of point insolation sensors to determine overhead cloud coverage. A look into design considerations and economic challenges of implementing such a monitoring system is included. The benefits of cloud location sensing are examined using computer simulations to ...