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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Reducing Thermal Bridging And Understanding Second-Order Effects In Concrete Sandwich Wall Panels, Taylor J. Sorensen Dec 2019

Reducing Thermal Bridging And Understanding Second-Order Effects In Concrete Sandwich Wall Panels, Taylor J. Sorensen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Structural engineers have traditionally detailed structures with structural and fabrication efficiency in mind, but often based on a limited understanding of thermal efficiency. Some connection designs can create significant thermal bridging, leading to unnecessary heat transfer and even premature degradation through condensation. Thermal bridging occurs when heat transfer is given a path through a more conductive material like concrete or steel rather than insulation. Concrete sandwich wall panels (SWP) tend to be highly efficient at preventing heat transfer in the middle of panels, with greatest heat transfer occurring at connections. This project identified thermally efficient details for future SWP construction ...


Behavior Of Non-Ductile Slender Reinforced Concrete Columns Retrofit By Cfrp Under Cyclic Loading, Wisam Amer Aules Mar 2019

Behavior Of Non-Ductile Slender Reinforced Concrete Columns Retrofit By Cfrp Under Cyclic Loading, Wisam Amer Aules

Dissertations and Theses

In the Middle East region and many countries in the world, older reinforced concrete (RC) columns are deemed to be weak in seismic resistance because of their low amount of reinforcement, low grades of concrete, and large spacing between the transverse reinforcement. The capacity of older RC columns that are also slender is further reduced due to the secondary moments. Appropriate retrofit techniques can improve the capacity and behavior of concrete members. In this study, externally bonded Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) retrofit technique was implemented to improve the behavior of RC columns tested under constant axial load and cyclic ...


Investigation Into Fretting Fatigue Under Cyclic Contact Load And In Conjuction With Fatigue Of Titanium Alloy, Abdulla A. Al-Noaimi Mar 2008

Investigation Into Fretting Fatigue Under Cyclic Contact Load And In Conjuction With Fatigue Of Titanium Alloy, Abdulla A. Al-Noaimi

Theses and Dissertations

Fretting fatigue is the surface damage that occurs at the interface between two components that are undergoing a small amplitude oscillatory movements. It results in a reduction of the material life comparing to the plain fatigue. Most of the previous works were accomplished under a constant applied contact load and a little effort has been done under a variable contact load, while none of these studies have taken the phase difference between the axial and the contact load. The primary goal of this study is to investigate the effect of phase difference between axial and contact loads on fretting fatigue ...


Effects Of Phase Difference Between Axial And Contact Loads On Fretting Fatigue Behavior Of Titanium Alloy, Mohammad Almajali Sep 2006

Effects Of Phase Difference Between Axial And Contact Loads On Fretting Fatigue Behavior Of Titanium Alloy, Mohammad Almajali

Theses and Dissertations

Fretting fatigue is the surface damage that occurs at the interface between two components that are undergoing a small amplitude oscillatory movements. It results in a reduction of the material life as compared to the plain fatigue. Most of the previous works were accomplished under a constant applied normal load and a little effort was done under a variable contact load, while none of these studies has considered the phase difference between the axial load and the contact load. The primary goal of this study is to investigate the effect of phase difference between axial and contact loads on fretting ...


Behavior Of Biaxially Loaded Concrete-Encased Composite Columns, Pedro Ricardo Munoz May 1994

Behavior Of Biaxially Loaded Concrete-Encased Composite Columns, Pedro Ricardo Munoz

Dissertations

The theory of nonlinear behavior of biaxially loaded short and slender composite columns is used to study the load-deformation and moment-curvature of four pin-ended composite column specimens tested under axial compressive load and biaxial bending moments in a single curvature. The accuracy of the test results is verified by comparison with analytical results obtained by a method of analysis that includes the nonlinear material properties of concrete and steel and covers the ascending and descending branches of the linear segmented column specimen. A computational method is presented to model the analytical behavior of the biaxially loaded composite column. Its validity ...