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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Buckling Analysis And Optimum Design Of Multidirectionally Stiffened Composite Curved Panel, Navin R. R. Jaunky Oct 1995

Buckling Analysis And Optimum Design Of Multidirectionally Stiffened Composite Curved Panel, Navin R. R. Jaunky

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Continuous filament grid-stiffened structure is a stiffening concept that combines structural efficiency and damage tolerance. However, buckle resistant design optimization of such structures using a finite element method is expensive and time consuming due to the number of design parameters that can be varied. An analytical optimization procedure which is simple, efficient and supports the preliminary design of grid-stiffened structures for application to combined loading cases is needed.

An analytical model for a general grid-stiffened curved panel is developed using an improved smeared theory with a first-order, shear-deformation theory to account for transverse shear flexibilities and local skin-stiffener interaction effects ...


An Experimental Investigation Of Wall Cooling Effects On Hypersonic Boundary Layer Stability In A Quiet Wind Tunnel, Alan E. Blanchard Oct 1995

An Experimental Investigation Of Wall Cooling Effects On Hypersonic Boundary Layer Stability In A Quiet Wind Tunnel, Alan E. Blanchard

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

One of the primary reasons for developing quiet tunnels is for the investigation of high-speed boundary-layer stability and transition phenomena without the transition-promoting effects of acoustic radiation from tunnel walls. In this experiment, a flared-cone model under adiabatic- and cooled-wall conditions was placed in a calibrated, 'quiet' Mach 6 flow and the stability of the boundary layer was investigated using a prototype constant-voltage anemometer. The results were compared with linear-stability theory predictions and good agreement was found in the prediction of second-mode frequencies and growth. In addition, the same 'N=10' criterion used to predict boundary-layer transition in subsonic, transonic ...


Nonlinear Transient Thermal Analysis By The Force-Derivative Method, Narayani V. Balakrishnan Jul 1995

Nonlinear Transient Thermal Analysis By The Force-Derivative Method, Narayani V. Balakrishnan

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

The force-derivative method (FDM) represents a series of higher-order modal methods which offer an increasingly improved approximation of the higher modes neglected in the basic mode-displacement method (MDM). The FDM includes additional terms which involve the forcing function and derivatives of the forcing function with respect to time. The mode-acceleration method (MAM), extensively used in structural analysis, is a first-order form of the FDM which includes only one correction term that depends on the forcing function itself. The success of the FDM in many structural dynamic applications has prompted its application for solving transient thermal problems. The superior convergence of ...


Numerical Investigation Of Shock-Induced Combustion Past Blunt Projectiles, Jagjit K. Ahuja Jul 1995

Numerical Investigation Of Shock-Induced Combustion Past Blunt Projectiles, Jagjit K. Ahuja

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

A numerical study is conducted to simulate shock-induced combustion in premixed hydrogen-air mixtures at various free-stream conditions and parameters. Two-dimensional axisymmetric, reacting viscous flow over blunt projectiles is computed to study shock-induced combustion at Mach 5.11 and Mach 6.46 in hydrogen-air mixture. A seven-species, seven reactions finite rate hydrogen-air chemical reaction mechanism is used combined with a finite-difference, shock-fitting method to solve the complete set of Navier-Stokes and species conservation equations. In this approach, the bow shock represents a boundary of the computational domain and is treated as a discontinuity across which Rankine-Hugoniot conditions are applied. All interior ...


Dynamic Unstructured Method For Prescribed And Aerodynamically Determined Relative Moving Boundary Problems, Kamakhya Prasad Singh Jul 1995

Dynamic Unstructured Method For Prescribed And Aerodynamically Determined Relative Moving Boundary Problems, Kamakhya Prasad Singh

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

A new methodology is developed to simulate unsteady flows about prescribed and aerodynamically determined moving boundary problems. The method couples the fluid dynamics and rigid-body dynamics equations to capture the time-dependent interference between stationary and moving boundaries. The unsteady, compressible, inviscid (Euler) equations are solved on dynamic, unstructured grids by an explicit, finite-volume, upwind method. For efficiency, the grid adaptation is performed within a window around the moving object. The Eulerian equations of the rigid-body dynamics are solved by a Runge-Kutta method in a non-inertial frame of reference. The two-dimensional flow solver is validated by computing the flow past a ...


Closed-Loop Identification Of Unstable Systems In Time And Frequency Domains, Hyun Chang Lee Apr 1995

Closed-Loop Identification Of Unstable Systems In Time And Frequency Domains, Hyun Chang Lee

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation presents closed-loop identification algorithms of an unstable system in the time and frequency domains. In the time domain, the projection filter, which is a linear transformation which projects (transforms) a finite number of input-output data of a system into its current space, is used to relate the state-space model with a finite difference model. The method developed can take into account the effects of process noise as well as measurement noise and identify open-loop systems with unknown feedback dynamics in the closed-loop operation. Then the recursive relations between Markov parameters and the ARX model are derived to identify ...


Finite Element Nonlinear Random Response Of Composite Panels Of Arbitrary Shape To Acoustic And Thermal Loads Applied Simultaneously, Roger R. Chen Apr 1995

Finite Element Nonlinear Random Response Of Composite Panels Of Arbitrary Shape To Acoustic And Thermal Loads Applied Simultaneously, Roger R. Chen

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

The nonlinear random response of composite plates to the simultaneously applied, combined acoustic/thermal loads are investigated in this dissertation. A finite element formulation for the nonlinear random response is developed. The three-node Mindlin plate element with improved transverse shear is extended and employed. The extension includes the development of the thermal geometric matrix, the mass matrix, the first- order and second-order nonlinear stiffness matrices, and the thermal and mechanical load vectors. An innovative solution procedure has been created which is believed to be the first attempt to analyze nonlinear random response of complex composite panels subjected to simultaneous acoustic ...


Aerodynamic Design Optimization With Consistently Discrete Sensitivity Derivatives Via The Incremental Iterative Method, Vamshi M. Korivi Apr 1995

Aerodynamic Design Optimization With Consistently Discrete Sensitivity Derivatives Via The Incremental Iterative Method, Vamshi M. Korivi

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

In this study which involves advanced fluid-flow codes, an incremental iterative formulation (also known as the "delta" or "correction" form), together with the well-known spatially split approximate-factorization algorithm, is presented for solving the large, sparse systems of linear equations that are associated with aerodynamic sensitivity analysis. For the smaller two dimensional problems, a direct method can be applied to solve these linear equations in either the standard or the incremental form, in which case the two are equivalent. However, iterative methods are needed for larger two-dimensional and three dimensional applications because direct methods require more computer memory than is currently ...


Component Mode Synthesis-Based Design Methodology For Structural Modification And Synthesis, Venkateshwarlu Maroju Apr 1995

Component Mode Synthesis-Based Design Methodology For Structural Modification And Synthesis, Venkateshwarlu Maroju

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

In this work, structural modification and synthesis techniques based on component mode synthesis are presented. The component mode synthesis method formulates the eigenvalue equation of an entire structure in terms of the vibration characteristics of individual components in the assembly. Through this functional relationship, the individual components are successfully treated as the design entities in the proposed methodology. Unlike conventional design modification techniques that can only treat the properties of the finite elements as the design variables, this technique uses the vibration and static responses of the individual components as the design entities. The sensitivity derivatives of the global responses ...