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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

The Development And Numerical Modelling Of A Representative Elemental Volume For Packed Sand, Ashraf Thabet Sep 2017

The Development And Numerical Modelling Of A Representative Elemental Volume For Packed Sand, Ashraf Thabet

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The motivation of this thesis is the development of simple microscopic-scale model (representative elemental volume; REV) that can be used to conduct flow and heat transfer simulations from which closure coefficients can be established for the volume-averaged transport equations for porous media (packed bed). The thesis provides a brief introduction to the computational technique adopted for the geometric generation of the REV (YADE), followed by a parametric study undertaken to reveal the minimum number of particles inside the REV that are required to mimic the appropriate physics. Additional analysis was conducted with the goal of determining the influence of deviation ...


Modelling Of Convective Heat Transfer In Porous Media, Jeremy Vu Aug 2017

Modelling Of Convective Heat Transfer In Porous Media, Jeremy Vu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis details the process taken for the computational modelling of convective heat transfer in porous media. An in-house porous continuum model is modified to improve the prediction of heat transfer which is obtained when forcing fluid through porous blocks heated from one side. The results are compared to those obtained from CFD simulations performed using commercial software. Results indicated that a modification to conductivity the solid phase of the porous material must be included due to the tortuosity, or the complexity of the solid structure. Previously the tortuosity was not considered when calculating the effective solid phase conductivity.The ...


A Model For Complex Heat And Mass Transport Involving Porous Media With Related Applications, Furqan A. Khan Apr 2016

A Model For Complex Heat And Mass Transport Involving Porous Media With Related Applications, Furqan A. Khan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Heat and mass transfer involving porous media is prevalent in, for example, air-conditioning, drying, food storage, and chemical processing. Such applications require non-equilibrium heat and mass (or moisture) transfer modeling inside porous media in conjugate fluid/porous/solid framework. Moreover, modeling of turbulence and turbulent heat and mass transfer becomes essential for many applications. A comprehensive literature review shows a scarcity of models having such capabilities. In this respect, the objectives of the present thesis are to: i) develop a formulation that simulates non-equilibrium heat and mass transfer in conjugate fluid/porous/solid framework, ii) demonstrate the capabilities of the ...


Wind And Thermal Effects On Ground Mounted Photovoltaic (Pv) Panels, Chowdhury Mohammad Jubayer Dec 2014

Wind And Thermal Effects On Ground Mounted Photovoltaic (Pv) Panels, Chowdhury Mohammad Jubayer

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A combination of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations and wind tunnel experiments are carried out to investigate the effects of wind on the aerodynamic loading and heat transfer of a ground mounted stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) panel with tilt angle of 25o in open country atmospheric boundary layer. Several azimuthal wind directions are considered: Southern 0o, Southwest 45o, Northwest 135o and Northern 180o. Three dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) approaches with an unsteady solver using Shear Stress Transport (SST) k-ω turbulence closure are employed for the CFD simulations, whereas Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Hot Wire Anemometry ...


Shear Capacity Of Reinforced Concrete Beams At Elevated Temperatures, Mohamed Diab Jan 2014

Shear Capacity Of Reinforced Concrete Beams At Elevated Temperatures, Mohamed Diab

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Fire safety is an important design aspect that ensures structural integrity of a Reinforced Concrete (RC) building during fire events. As new codes are moving from prescriptive methods to performance-based methods, design engineers are in need of rational design tools to assess the capacity of RC elements during a fire event. Previous research work focused on the flexural and axial capacities of concrete elements exposed to fire. Research addressing the shear capacity of concrete elements exposed to fire is limited in the literature.

An analytical method to predict the shear capacity of RC beams exposed to elevated temperatures is proposed ...


Applicability Of A Picosecond Laser For Micro-Polishing Of Metallic Surfaces, Abdullah Mohammad Khalid Hafiz Aug 2013

Applicability Of A Picosecond Laser For Micro-Polishing Of Metallic Surfaces, Abdullah Mohammad Khalid Hafiz

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

An increasing number of recent technological advancements is linked to the adoptions of ultra-short pulsed picosecond (ps) lasers in various material processing applications. The superior capability of this laser is associated with precise control of laser-material interaction resulted from extremely short interaction time. In this context, the present study explored the applicability of a ps laser in laser micro-polishing (LµP) of Inconel 718 (IN718) and AISI H13 tool steel. The melting regime ‒ a mandatory phase for LµP ‒ was determined experimentally by the variation of focal offset to attain desired laser fluence. The finite element formulation of heat transfer equation and ...