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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Analysis Of Roofs Of Wooden Houses Under Uplift Wind Loads- Analytical Solution, Retrofit, And Reliability Analysis, Adnan Farouk Enajar Oct 2019

Analysis Of Roofs Of Wooden Houses Under Uplift Wind Loads- Analytical Solution, Retrofit, And Reliability Analysis, Adnan Farouk Enajar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Observations of post-hurricane events indicate that light-frame wood houses are vulnerable to failure

Observations of post-hurricane events indicate that light-frame wood houses are vulnerable to failure due to the inability of their connections to provide sufficient transfer of uplift wind loads from the roof of the house to the foundation. One of these connections is the roof-to-wall connection (RTWC), which connects roof trusses to the top plate members of the walls. This issue has been investigated through full-scale testing at the Insurance Research Lab for Better Homes. This thesis describes the detailed finite element modelling performed for this full-scale testing ...


Finite Element Analysis Of Hollow-Stemmed Shoulder Implants In Different Bone Qualities Derived From A Statistical Shape And Density Model, Pendar Soltanmohammadi Sep 2019

Finite Element Analysis Of Hollow-Stemmed Shoulder Implants In Different Bone Qualities Derived From A Statistical Shape And Density Model, Pendar Soltanmohammadi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The incidence of total shoulder arthroplasty procedures (TSA) to treat osteoarthritis has experienced the most rapid growth among all human joint replacements. However, stress shielding of proximal bone following its reconstruction is a complication of TSA triggering unfavorable adaptive bone remodeling, especially for osteoporotic patients.

A better understanding of how the shape and density of the shoulder vary among members of a population can help design more effective population-based orthopedic implants. Therefore, finite element models representing healthy, osteopenic, and osteoporotic bone qualities in a population were developed using our statistical shape and density model. Bones were reconstructed with hollow- and ...


Investigation Of Ductile Crack Growth And Normalization Method For Se(T) Specimen Using Finite Element Analyses, Cheng Qian Dec 2017

Investigation Of Ductile Crack Growth And Normalization Method For Se(T) Specimen Using Finite Element Analyses, Cheng Qian

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The fracture toughness resistance curve (e.g. J-R curve) is widely used in integrity assessment and strain-based design of oil and gas pipelines with respect to planar defects (i.e. cracks). This thesis includes two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) finite element analyses (FEA) of ductile crack growth of X80-grade pipeline steel based on the Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) constitutive model, and investigation of the normalization (NM) method to generate the J-R curve for the single-edge tension (SE(T)) specimen.

First, the GTN model implemented in the computational cell is adopted in the commercial software ABAQUS to calibrate the micromechanical parameters for the ...


Osteoarthritis Induced Glenoid Morphology And Bone Quality: An Evaluation Of Augmented Glenoid Components, Nikolas K. Knowles Apr 2015

Osteoarthritis Induced Glenoid Morphology And Bone Quality: An Evaluation Of Augmented Glenoid Components, Nikolas K. Knowles

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Osteoarthritis of the glenoid results in regional bone density variations and bone loss that may compromise early component fixation and support. The two common morphologies, symmetric and asymmetric erosion, were characterized by bone density and morphology, and assessed on the basis of bone removal and bone quality in the context of augmented glenoid components. The bone strain field was also compared when different augmented glenoid components underwent simulated joint loading using finite element analysis.

Asymmetrically eroded glenoids were found to have denser bone (p


On The Application Of Mechanical Vibration In Robotics-Assisted Soft Tissue Intervention, Iman Khalaji Dec 2014

On The Application Of Mechanical Vibration In Robotics-Assisted Soft Tissue Intervention, Iman Khalaji

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Mechanical vibration as a way of transmitting energy has been an interesting subject to study. While cyclic oscillation is usually associated with fatigue effect, and hence a detrimental factor in failure of structures and machineries, by controlled transmission of vibration, energy can be transferred from the source to the target. In this thesis, the application of such mechanical vibration in a few surgical procedures is demonstrated.

Three challenges associated with lung cancer diagnosis and treatment are chosen for this purpose, namely, Motion Compensation, tumor targeting in lung Needle Insertion and Soft Tissue Dissection:

  1. A robotic solution is proposed for compensating ...


Performance Of Hollow Bar Micropiles Under Axial And Lateral Loads In Cohesive Soils, Ahmed Yehia Abd El-Aziz Jun 2012

Performance Of Hollow Bar Micropiles Under Axial And Lateral Loads In Cohesive Soils, Ahmed Yehia Abd El-Aziz

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The use of hollow core bars in micropiles has greatly increased over the past ten years. Hollow core construction, also known as “self drilled”, is becoming a popular option because it allows a faster installation processes and ground improvement at the same time. Despite the growing demand for hollow bar micropiles, little work has been devoted to evaluating the nominal bond strength between the micropile grout and the surrounding soil, especially in clayey soils. Moreover, the performance of such micropiles under different kinds of loading is still largely unknown and needs to be investigated.

In this study, a research methodology ...


Thermal And Mechanical Studies Of Thin Spray-On Liner (Tsl) For Concrete Tunnel Linings, Taesang Ahn Nov 2011

Thermal And Mechanical Studies Of Thin Spray-On Liner (Tsl) For Concrete Tunnel Linings, Taesang Ahn

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The thesis presents a summary of Thin Spray-On Liner (TSL) effects on concrete. Three aspects, fire insulation, adhesion strength on concrete surface and load carrying capacity (i.e. flexural strength) on segmental concrete liners, are presented. Small-scale to full-scale laboratory tests were conducted using ASTM standards or devised methods. The TSL effects on three aspects were then compared with the results for uncoated concrete specimens. Numerical analyses using TEMP/W for the thermal response of TSL and a FE program, ABAQUS for the mechanical response of TSL were respectively carried out and compared with the measured results. Additionally, numerical analyses ...