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Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

2013

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Investigations Of Cost-Effective Biodiesel Production From High Ffa Feedstock, Lesly N. Lesmes Sanchez Dec 2013

Investigations Of Cost-Effective Biodiesel Production From High Ffa Feedstock, Lesly N. Lesmes Sanchez

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Commercial production of biodiesel from refined vegetable oils has been widely practiced. However, more economic raw materials are required in order to make biodiesel competitive in the fuel market. This is a challenge since low-cost lipid feedstock contains high concentrations of free fatty acids (FFA) and water, which inhibit transesterification. This work investigates new catalyst combinations and method configuration to develop a cost-effective and suitable process utilizing refined canola oil and canola oil with high oleic acid content. Results suggest that potassium carbonate is more tolerant to water in the feed and enhances phase separation when compared to traditional catalyst ...


Under-Sampled Reconstruction Techniques For Accelerated Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mohammad H. Kayvanrad Dec 2013

Under-Sampled Reconstruction Techniques For Accelerated Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mohammad H. Kayvanrad

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Due to physical and biological constraints and requirements on the minimum resolution and SNR, the acquisition time is relatively long in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Consequently, a limited number of pulse sequences can be run in a clinical MRI session because of constraints on the total acquisition time due to patient comfort and cost considerations. Therefore, it is strongly desired to reduce the acquisition time without compromising the reconstruction quality. This thesis concerns under-sampled reconstruction techniques for acceleration of MRI acquisitions, i.e., parallel imaging and compressed sensing.

While compressed sensing MRI reconstructions are commonly regularized by penalizing the decimated ...


Performance Assessment Of Wireless Two Way Relay Channel Systems, Siramack Ghadimi Dec 2013

Performance Assessment Of Wireless Two Way Relay Channel Systems, Siramack Ghadimi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The objective of this thesis is theoretical investigations and numerical simulations of Two Way Relay Channel (TWRC) systems, particularly in an impulsive noise environment. Special attention is given to investigation of a TWRC system based on polarized antennas. The first part of the thesis focuses on modelling of impulsive noise and the effect of impulsive noise on TWRC systems. The study was conducted by simulating the wireless TWRC models in the presence of impulsive noise. The bit error probability performance of the channel data was compared and at last their results are shown by graphs. The study has been further ...


Disaster Data Management In Cloud Environments, Katarina Grolinger Dec 2013

Disaster Data Management In Cloud Environments, Katarina Grolinger

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Facilitating decision-making in a vital discipline such as disaster management requires information gathering, sharing, and integration on a global scale and across governments, industries, communities, and academia. A large quantity of immensely heterogeneous disaster-related data is available; however, current data management solutions offer few or no integration capabilities and limited potential for collaboration. Moreover, recent advances in cloud computing, Big Data, and NoSQL have opened the door for new solutions in disaster data management.

In this thesis, a Knowledge as a Service (KaaS) framework is proposed for disaster cloud data management (Disaster-CDM) with the objectives of 1) facilitating information gathering ...


On The Interoperability Of Programming Languages Based On The Fork-Join Parallelism Model, Sushek Shekar Dec 2013

On The Interoperability Of Programming Languages Based On The Fork-Join Parallelism Model, Sushek Shekar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis describes the implementation of MetaFork, a meta-language for concurrency platforms targeting multicore architectures. First of all, MetaFork is a multithreaded language based on the fork-join model of concurrency: it allows the programmer to express parallel algorithms assuming that tasks are dynamically scheduled at run-time. While MetaFork makes no assumption about the run-time system, it formally defines the serial C-elision of a MetaFork program. In addition, MetaFork is a suite of source-to-source compilers permitting the automatic translation of multithreaded programs between programming languages based on the fork-join model. Currently, this compilation framework supports the OpenMP and CilkPlus concurrency platforms ...


Production Of Lignin-Based Phenolic Resins Using De-Polymerized Kraft Lignin And Process Optimization, Homaira Siddiqui Dec 2013

Production Of Lignin-Based Phenolic Resins Using De-Polymerized Kraft Lignin And Process Optimization, Homaira Siddiqui

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Commercialization of Lignin-based phenol formaldehyde resins (LPF) has been limited due to the increase in curing temperatures and decrease in adhesive strength of LPF compared to conventional phenolic resins. Lignin depolymerization can increase the reactivity of lignin; however, the effect of lignin molecular weight on curing performance of LPF resins has yet to be investigated. This research work examined the optimization of synthesis parameters including percent substitution of phenol with lignin, formaldehyde- to-phenol ratio (F/P), and Mw of lignin to reduce the curing temperature and increase the adhesive strength of LPF. DSC analysis indicated that lignin with Mw ~1200g ...


Methods For Fabricating Printed Electronics With High Conductivity And High Resolution, Tengyuan Zhang Dec 2013

Methods For Fabricating Printed Electronics With High Conductivity And High Resolution, Tengyuan Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Flexible and printable electronics are attractive techniques which are believed to be widespread and occupy huge market. However, low conductivity, nozzle clog because of the accumulation of nano-particles and relative high cost (expensive silver/copper nanoparticle inks) limit its appeal. In this thesis, two new effective and convenient methods of fabricating copper patterns with high conductivity and strong adhesion on flexible photopaper and polymer substrates (PET) are demonstrated, solving all those problems. Functional photopaper and PET substrate was prepared with inkjet printing of a palladium salt solution and hyperthermal hydrogen induced cross-linking (HHIC) polyelectrolytes onto its surface respectively, followed by ...


Internav3d: A Navigation Tool For Robot-Assisted Needle-Based Intervention For The Lung, Srikanth Bhattad Dec 2013

Internav3d: A Navigation Tool For Robot-Assisted Needle-Based Intervention For The Lung, Srikanth Bhattad

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths in North America. There are recent advances in cancer treatment techniques that can treat cancerous tumors, but require a real-time imaging modality to provide intraoperative assistive feedback. Ultrasound (US) imaging is one such modality. However, while its application to the lungs has been limited because of the deterioration of US image quality (due to the presence of air in the lungs); recent work has shown that appropriate lung deflation can help to improve the quality sufficiently to enable intraoperative, US-guided robotics-assisted techniques to be used. The work described in ...


The Development Of A New Dry Powder Inhaler, Xi Zhang Dec 2013

The Development Of A New Dry Powder Inhaler, Xi Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A new dry powder inhaler (DPI) for respiratory drug delivery was developed. This novel device is characterized by a micro-dose, passive delivery and multiple doses individually sealed in one replaceable disk. The micro-dose delivery system uses only a small amount of excipient, such as 2-3mg lactose, thereby improving the drug delivery efficiency. The passive delivery method eliminates the need for coordination between breath and device actuation such as the pressure metered dose inhaler (pMDI). Finally, 14 doses on a disk reduce the need to frequently change dosage disks. In addition, each dose is effectively protected by a blister package to ...


Numerical Modelling Of Downburst Interaction With Bluff Body, Aditi Jog Dec 2013

Numerical Modelling Of Downburst Interaction With Bluff Body, Aditi Jog

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The objective of this study is to investigate the interaction of a bluff body with a downburst flow. Numerical investigation of the flow field using CFD analysis was carried out for three different downburst sizes (h/d=1, 2, 4) under suitable boundary conditions subjected to constant jet velocity. The downburst-structure interaction study was conducted for two jet diameters (h/d=1 and 4) and two radial locations from the downburst center.

The results showed that the downburst size greatly dominates the intensity of the flow. The largest downburst resulted in the highest velocity magnitude near the ground and also ...


A Comprehensive Study Of Cd(Ii) Removal From Aqueous Solution Via Adsorption And Solar Photocatalysis, Samindika Athapaththu Dec 2013

A Comprehensive Study Of Cd(Ii) Removal From Aqueous Solution Via Adsorption And Solar Photocatalysis, Samindika Athapaththu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

As the increase in industrial technology continue to progress, it results in the increase in heavy metal pollution, creating harmful effects on humans, plants, and animals. Since toxic metals do not degrade easily, they accumulate over time, posing greater danger to living organisms. Removal of these heavy metals is therefore, of great importance. Though many research studies successfully utilized UV photocatalysis with TiO2 catalyst for the removal of Cd2+, none have performed the photoreduction of Cd2+ under visible light using eosin-y dye-sensitized TiO2. The objective of the present research is to study the photocatalytic reduction of ...


Studies On Microscopic Flow Structure Inside A Rectangular Circulating Fluidized Bed Through Image Analysis, Jingsi Yang Dec 2013

Studies On Microscopic Flow Structure Inside A Rectangular Circulating Fluidized Bed Through Image Analysis, Jingsi Yang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The microscopic flow structure is studied systematically and comprehensively through a visualization system in a narrow rectangular circulating fluidized bed (CFB) transparent Plexiglas riser with a height of 7.6 m and a cross section of 19 mm × 114 mm. A visualization system consisting of a high-speed video camera, a light source, and image processing and analyzing programs is designed and developed to enable the flow structure to be visualized directly and studied quantitatively. FCC particles of 67 μm are used as the bed materials under different operating conditions with superficial gas velocity (Ug) and solids circulation rate (G ...


New Technology And Techniques For Needle-Based Magnetic Resonance Image-Guided Prostate Focal Therapy, Jeremy Cepek Dec 2013

New Technology And Techniques For Needle-Based Magnetic Resonance Image-Guided Prostate Focal Therapy, Jeremy Cepek

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The most common diagnosis of prostate cancer is that of localized disease, and unfortunately the optimal type of treatment for these men is not yet certain. Magnetic resonance image (MRI)-guided focal laser ablation (FLA) therapy is a promising potential treatment option for select men with localized prostate cancer, and may result in fewer side effects than whole-gland therapies, while still achieving oncologic control. The objective of this thesis was to develop methods of accurately guiding needles to the prostate within the bore of a clinical MRI scanner for MRI-guided FLA therapy.

To achieve this goal, a mechatronic needle guidance ...


Experimental Modeling Of Wind Farm Topography And Canopy, Dan S. Parvu Dec 2013

Experimental Modeling Of Wind Farm Topography And Canopy, Dan S. Parvu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

As an important renewable energy source for electricity generation, wind energy must rely on efficient and accurate wind resource assessment for the siting and the design of wind farms. Traditionally relying on numerical modeling, current wind farms built in Canada, notably, experience an under-performance in terms of power generation. This work studies an alternative approach to wind farm modeling through experimental wind tunnel testing.

The objective of the work is to develop methodologies on how topographic and forest canopy models should be built as scale models of full scale wind farms. The models developed are validated by comparing the data ...


Specimen Size Effect On Shear Behavior Of Loose Sand In Triaxial Testing, Tarek Omar Dec 2013

Specimen Size Effect On Shear Behavior Of Loose Sand In Triaxial Testing, Tarek Omar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Triaxial tests are widely used to determine the behavior and strength characteristics of soils without due attention to the differences in specimen size. Several drained and undrained monotonic triaxial compression shear tests are performed on three different specimen sizes of the same sand to investigate the influence of specimen size and scale effect on the shear behavior. The test results indicate that the behavior of loose sand is strongly influenced by the specimen size, with larger specimens exhibiting a stiffer behavior during isotropic compression, and mobilizing smaller shear strengths and effective friction angles. Triaxial testing also involves many sources of ...


Hydrodynamics In Recirculating Fluidized Bed Mimicking The Stripper Section Of The Fluid Coker, Francisco J. Sanchez Careaga Dec 2013

Hydrodynamics In Recirculating Fluidized Bed Mimicking The Stripper Section Of The Fluid Coker, Francisco J. Sanchez Careaga

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The stripper section of a Fluid CokerTM consists of a system of baffles (sheds) that enhances the removal of interstitial and adsorbed hydrocarbon vapors from the fluidized coke-particles. Most of the hydrocarbon-vapors released below a stripper shed flow up to the stripper shed, where they may crack and form coke deposits that foul the shed. Extensive fouling changes the shapes of the sheds, makes them thicker and reduces the free-space between the adjacent sheds until downward solids flow is so impaired that the Coker has to be shut down.

The Radioactive Particle Tracking (RPT) technique allows the determination of ...


Investigation Of Hollow Bar Micropiles In Cohesive Soil, Osama F. El Hadi Drbe Dec 2013

Investigation Of Hollow Bar Micropiles In Cohesive Soil, Osama F. El Hadi Drbe

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Micropiles are used in various applications, including low capacity micropile networks, underpinning and seismic retrofitting of existing foundations and high capacity foundations for new structures. They facilitate fast installation with a high degree of ground improvement. The current Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) design guidelines designate hollow bar micropiles as Type B micropiles, even though their construction technique is different than typical Type B, which results in overly conservative design. In addition, the current practice for construction of hollow bar micropiles is limited to drilling bit/hollow bar diameter ratio of 2.5 or less. In this thesis, full-scale load tests ...


Oxygen-Free Propane Oxidative Dehydrogenation Over Vanadium Oxide Catalysts: Reactivity And Kinetic Modelling, Sameer Ali Al-Ghamdi Dec 2013

Oxygen-Free Propane Oxidative Dehydrogenation Over Vanadium Oxide Catalysts: Reactivity And Kinetic Modelling, Sameer Ali Al-Ghamdi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Propane conversion to propylene has been the subject of intensive researches. This is due to the increasing demand for propylene. Current propylene production processes suffer from several limitations. Oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) is a promising alternative technology for propylene production overcoming the drawbacks of current processes. However, selectivity control in ODH is still a challenge preventing it from an industrial application. This is due to the formation of undesired carbon oxides. Thus, the development of a selective catalyst is crucial for the commercialization of ODH. Vanadium oxide catalysts have been proposed as the most active and selective catalyst for propane ODH ...


Magneto-Rheological Actuators For Human-Safe Robots: Modeling, Control, And Implementation, Peyman Yadmellat Dec 2013

Magneto-Rheological Actuators For Human-Safe Robots: Modeling, Control, And Implementation, Peyman Yadmellat

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In recent years, research on physical human-robot interaction has received considerable attention. Research on this subject has led to the study of new control and actuation mechanisms for robots in order to achieve intrinsic safety. Naturally, intrinsic safety is only achievable in kinematic structures that exhibit low output impedance. Existing solutions for reducing impedance are commonly obtained at the expense of reduced performance, or significant increase in mechanical complexity. Achieving high performance while guaranteeing safety seems to be a challenging goal that necessitates new actuation technologies in future generations of human-safe robots.

In this study, a novel two degrees-of-freedom safe ...


Electrochemical And Surface Compositional Studies On Uranium Dioxide, Mayuri Razdan Dec 2013

Electrochemical And Surface Compositional Studies On Uranium Dioxide, Mayuri Razdan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis describes electrochemical and surface compositional studies performed on a number of simulated nuclear fuel (SIMFUEL) materials under conditions relevant to permanent disposal of spent nuclear fuel in a geologic repository. This is important since a number of critical issues have been identified in the event of waste container failure. The research performed was mainly focused in three areas: (i) the influence of low pH on the surface chemistry of UO2, since acidity could develop within corrosion product deposits and flaws in the fuel; (ii) the combined influence of dissolved H2 and H2O2 (H ...


On Sensorless Collision Detection And Measurement Of External Forces In Presence Of Modeling Inaccuracies, Vahid Sotoudehnejad Dec 2013

On Sensorless Collision Detection And Measurement Of External Forces In Presence Of Modeling Inaccuracies, Vahid Sotoudehnejad

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The field of human-robot interaction has garnered significant interest in the last decade. Every form of human-robot coexistence must guarantee the safety of the user. Safety in human-robot interaction is being vigorously studied, in areas such as collision avoidance, soft actuators, light-weight robots, computer vision techniques, soft tissue modeling, collision detection, etc. Despite the safety provisions, unwanted collisions can occur in case of system faults. In such cases, before post-collision strategies are triggered, it is imperative to effectively detect the collisions. Implementation of tactile sensors, vision systems, sonar and Lidar sensors, etc., allows for detection of collisions. However, due to ...


Treatment Of Combined Sewer Overflows Using Ferrate (Vi), Rohan Gandhi Dec 2013

Treatment Of Combined Sewer Overflows Using Ferrate (Vi), Rohan Gandhi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Prevention of pollution from combined sewer overflows (CSOs) is currently a major concern due to their impact on aquatic and human environment. With the stringent regulations related to the CSOs treatment, it is necessary to develop an efficient, fast and low cost treatment technique that meets the applicable criteria. In this work, the comprehensive study was done to determine the efficiency of ferrate (VI) for the treatment of CSOs. At a Fe (VI) dose of 0.24 mg/l, TCOD, SCOD, TBOD5, SBOD5, TSS, VSS, TP, TN and soluble TN removal efficiencies of 71%, 75%, 69%, 68%, 72 ...


Cyclic And Post-Cyclic Response Of Silt And Sandy Silt Soils, Ali El Takch Dec 2013

Cyclic And Post-Cyclic Response Of Silt And Sandy Silt Soils, Ali El Takch

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A series of cyclic and monotonic constant-volume ring shear tests were carried out to determine the cyclic and post-cyclic response of silts and sandy silts with 25% and 50% sand. The elastic soil behavior at very small shear strain (γ < 10-4%) was investigated through shear wave velocity (Vs) measurements using bender elements at vertical stresses ranging from 50 to 300 kPa, while strain-controlled constant volume cyclic ring shear tests were conducted to establish shear modulus (G) and damping ratio (D) at larger shear strain amplitudes (γ > 0.01%). Liquefaction and strain-softening occurred at excess pore water pressure ratios (ru ...


Effects Of Biodiesel Concentration On Microbial Deterioration Of Polyethylene In A Simulated Fuel Storage Tank, Juan Manuel Restrepo-Florez Dec 2013

Effects Of Biodiesel Concentration On Microbial Deterioration Of Polyethylene In A Simulated Fuel Storage Tank, Juan Manuel Restrepo-Florez

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this study a simulated fuel storage tank was used to investigate the effect of biodiesel concentration on biodegradation of polyethylene. This research is relevant in the field of fuel storage. The simulated storage system consisted of a number of identical conical flasks. Each flask was comprised of two layers, an upper one consisting of a fuel blend of diesel with biodiesel in concentrations ranging from 0 to 100% of biodiesel and the bottom layer containing an aqueous mineral media inoculated with a community obtained from a real fuel storage facility. Polyethylene slabs cut to a specific size were immersed ...


Biomimetic Poly(Ester Amide) Biomaterials For Vascular Tissue Engineering, Darryl K. Knight Dec 2013

Biomimetic Poly(Ester Amide) Biomaterials For Vascular Tissue Engineering, Darryl K. Knight

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The focus of this research was to develop a biomimetic, degradable vascular scaffold that could be considered as part of a tissue-engineered vascular graft strategy. A family of degradable poly(ester amide)s (PEAs) derived from naturally occurring α-amino acids, aliphatic diols and diacids were synthesized to yield PEAs with glass transition temperatures below physiologic temperature ensuring their pliability. Tri-functional amino acids l-lysine or l-aspartic acid were incorporated into the polymer backbone yielding complementary functional handles for subsequent conjugation of growth factors. Higher molecular weight PEAs were obtained using an interfacial polycondensation technique compared with a solution polymerization approach.

Human ...


Investigation Of Lysozyme Refolding Using Ionic Liquids As Refolding Additives, Harpreet Kaur Nov 2013

Investigation Of Lysozyme Refolding Using Ionic Liquids As Refolding Additives, Harpreet Kaur

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A rapid and inexpensive method for the production of protein is crucial for the biopharmaceutical industry. The bottleneck in the case of genetically engineered systems lies in the recovery of active and properly refolded proteins from inclusion bodies. The correct refolding of a protein from its denatured state is dependent on several parameters including the concentration of the protein, the refolding buffers utilized, the approach employed and finally the type of refolding additives, if any, used in the process.

In this study, an emerging class of refolding additives, namely, ionic liquids were investigated for the refolding of denatured lysozyme protein ...


Hydrogeological And Thermal Sustainability Of Geothermal Borehole Heat Exchangers, S. Emad Dehkordi Nov 2013

Hydrogeological And Thermal Sustainability Of Geothermal Borehole Heat Exchangers, S. Emad Dehkordi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Assessment of the current approach taken by guidelines and design methods of vertical closed loop heat exchangers shows that often groundwater flow is either disregarded or is not methodically incorporated. The state of scientific research in this arena reveals that overlooking the groundwater flow in the design procedure may not always be a correct assumption. The significance of advective heat transport compared to conduction is defined by the groundwater flux or Darcy velocity which heavily depends on the hydraulic conductivity of the ground, followed by the hydraulic gradient which has a relatively limited range. A sensitivity analysis on ground and ...


Study On Fine Powder Coating With Modified Additive, Dangchen Xue Nov 2013

Study On Fine Powder Coating With Modified Additive, Dangchen Xue

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Powder coating is a dry coating technology competing with conventional liquid coatings and offers many benefits such as the elimination of volatile organic compounds, high efficiency of material usage and improved coating durability. However, the rough and thick film surface restricts its wide application. The fine powder coating, which can solve the film quality issues, also has its own limitation: the powder is too cohesive to handle. Although, nanoparticle flow additives can significantly improve the flowability of fine powders, it leads to another obstacle at the same time. Since the inorganic nano additives are not fully compatible with the organic ...


Efficient Arithmetic For The Implementation Of Elliptic Curve Cryptography, Ebrahim Abdulrahman Hasan Abdulrahman Nov 2013

Efficient Arithmetic For The Implementation Of Elliptic Curve Cryptography, Ebrahim Abdulrahman Hasan Abdulrahman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The technology of elliptic curve cryptography is now an important branch in public-key based crypto-system. Cryptographic mechanisms based on elliptic curves depend on the arithmetic of points on the curve. The most important arithmetic is multiplying a point on the curve by an integer. This operation is known as elliptic curve scalar (or point) multiplication operation. A cryptographic device is supposed to perform this operation efficiently and securely. The elliptic curve scalar multiplication operation is performed by combining the elliptic curve point routines that are defined in terms of the underlying finite field arithmetic operations. This thesis focuses on hardware ...


Joint Use Of On-Board Reconfigurable Antenna Pattern And Adaptive Coding And Modulation In Satellite Communications At High Frequency Bands, Marco Luccini Nov 2013

Joint Use Of On-Board Reconfigurable Antenna Pattern And Adaptive Coding And Modulation In Satellite Communications At High Frequency Bands, Marco Luccini

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Telecommunication market is driven by the increasing need of the end users for multimedia services which require high data rates. Within the fixed satellite service, frequency bandwidths wide enough to carry such high data rates are to be found in Ka band (26-40 GHz), and Q/V bands (40-50 GHz). However, at Ka band and above, transmitted signals can be severely affected by tropospheric attenuation for substantial percentages of time, resulting in the degradation of the quality and of the availability of communication services. Fade Mitigation Techniques (FMTs) must be used to counteract these severe propagation impairments. In this ...